Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
19 documents - page 1 of 1

Baugh & Sons Company Glass Plate Negatives and Agricultural Ephemera

Creator:
Baugh Fertilizer Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)  Search this
Names:
Baugh Chemical Company.  Search this
Associated name:
Delaware River Chemical Works  Search this
Kerr-McGee Corporation  Search this
William J. McCahan Sugar Refining  Search this
Owner:
Baugh, Daniel  Search this
Baugh, Edwin P.  Search this
Baugh, John P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Almanacs
Glass plate negatives
Pocket notebooks
Place:
Paoli (Penn.)
Delaware River (Penn.)
Philadelphia (Penn.)
Date:
1903-1914
Summary:
This collection consists of glass plate negatives and advertising ephemera created by the Baugh & Sons Company, also known as the Baugh Chemical Company, manufacturers of a variety of agricultural fertilizers from 1855-1963.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of glass plate negatives documenting various operations of Baugh & Sons Company. The collection also includes trade literature, advertising ephemera in the form of pocket notebooks, and farmer's almanacs published by Baugh & Sons Company.

Series 1, Glass Plate Negatives, undated is arranged by size, 5x7 or 8x10. The glass plate negatives came to the National Museum of American History (NMAH) in 1966 from the National Park Service (NPS), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania office. The glass plates, depicting sailing ships and wharf scenes, were given to the Division of Transportation, NMAH. The plates are not dated but appear to be early twentieth century. The glass plates may be ones used for the company publication, History of the House of Baugh, published circa 1927 or used in one of the many almanacs published by Baugh.

The scenes depicted in the various plates center around the company's wharf. Images of ships, tall masted and freighter, at the company dock are included as well as various staged scenes of laborers offloading animal bones (the basis of many of Baugh's products). There are also views of the factory complex from the Delaware River, showing an overhead rail system and large wharf side fertilizer hoppers with the company logo painted on at least one of them. The William J. McCahan Sugar Refining building may be seen in the background of some of the plates. These plates have been scanned.

Series 2, Advertising Ephemera, 1903-1914, undated is arranged chronologically. This series contains one piece of trade literature, seven pieces of advertising ephemera in the form of pocket memoranda, and three farmer's almanacs published by Baugh & Sons Company in the early twentieth century. The 1908 issue of the almanac contained a small black and white individual photograph of the Boston & Bangor Steam Ship Company building in Hampden, Maine.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series. Series 1, Glass Plate Negatives, undated Series 2, Advertising Ephemera, 1903-1914, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Reportedly one of the oldest and largest fertilizer manufacturers in the United States during the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries, Baugh & Sons Company was founded in 1855 by John Pugh Baugh (?-1882) and two of his sons, Edwin P. Baugh (?-1888) and Daniel Baugh (1836-1921) in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Some company materials claim a founding date for the "House of Baugh" in 1817, which is probably based on the fact that the family was initially engaged in the tanning industry near Paoli, Pennsylvania. Baugh manufactured a variety of ground bone-based agriculture fertilizers that were tailored for a wide range of crops. They later expanded into the manufacture of animal charcoal, glue, and chemicals. Baugh's corporate offices were located at the Delaware River Chemical Works on South Delaware Avenue in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with offices in Baltimore, Maryland and Norfolk, Virginia. Baugh operated manufacturing plants in Baltimore, Maryland at Canton in Baltimore harbor; Oneida, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the Delaware River at the foot of Morris and Moore Streets; Canton, Ohio; Galveston, Texas, and Norfolk, Virginia at Burton's Point.

A visitor to the Delaware River works reportedly wrote this description of the plant, "I have just inspected the Baugh Fertilizer Works on the Delaware River. I saw many large buildings, much machinery and numerous workmen. There was business activity everywhere; but, more than anything else, I saw bones. The whole placed suggested animal bones. There were bones in heaps, in sheds, on carts, on ships. There were bones whole and bones crushed; and bone ground, ready for shipment. I learned that the annual sales of Baugh's brands aggregate nearly 100,000 tons; which would be six thousand freight-car loads. I was told that these bones came from everywhere: from North America and from South America; from the West Indies and even from the East Indies. It was intimated that the present big bone heaps would soon be bigger, owing to incoming cargoes, but the statement made no impression on me." Baugh's Farmer's Almanac for 1903, page 14.

By the early twentieth century Baugh products were widely available from a network of independently owned farm supply stores. Baugh carried trade brands for each of its primary regions in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Norfolk. Baugh also exported products to England, France, Germany, and other countries. In its yearly almanacs they suggested the appropriate brand of Baugh fertilizer for specific crops and in some almanacs printed farmer testimony as well as photographs of crops grown with Baugh fertilizers.

Baugh Chemical Company was purchased by Kerr-McGee Oil Industries, Incorporated in 1963. Kerr-McGee ceased to exist as an independent entity in 2006 when purchased by Houston, Texas-based Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.
Provenance:
Collected for the museum by the Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History in 1966.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Silos  Search this
Wharves  Search this
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Shipping  Search this
Conveying machinery  Search this
Conveyor belts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1910-1920
Almanacs
Glass plate negatives
Pocket notebooks
Citation:
Baugh & Sons Company Collection, 1903-1914, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1098
See more items in:
Baugh & Sons Company Glass Plate Negatives and Agricultural Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1098
Online Media:

Report, certificate of incorporation, by-laws, &c., of the Atlantic and Pacific Guano Co organized June, 1857

Title:
Report, by-laws, &c., of the Atlantic and Pacific Guano Company
Author:
Atlantic and Pacific Guano Company  Search this
Former owner:
Library of The Saturday Afternoon Club DSI  Search this
Subject:
Atlantic and Pacific Guano Company  Search this
Physical description:
43 pages 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1859
Topic:
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Guano industry  Search this
Guano  Search this
Call number:
HD9484.G9 A8 1859
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_972639

NRA Code Fertilizer Industry

Made for:
National Recovery Administration  Search this
Physical Description:
red; white; blue (overall color)
cardboard (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 14 in x 11 in; 35.56 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
Placard
Date made:
1934
Credit Line:
Lyle W. and Theresa Rush and Rupert Cuneen
ID Number:
2001.0312.172
Accession number:
2001.0312
Patent number:
Des. 90793
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-f9b8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1029454

[Trade catalogs from Arthur D. Little, Inc.]

Company Name:
Arthur D. Little, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
ADL ;  Search this
Notes content:
Industrial economics and industrial research ; research chemists and engineers ; [Unique] "On the Making of Silk Purses from Sows' Ears" synthesizing imitation silk from animal glue ; "Launching New Industrial Products" presented at "the joint meeting of the Chemical Market Research Association and the Commercial Chemical Development Association" ; "Flavor Profiles: A New Approach to Flavor Problems" presented at "the Ninth Annual Conference of the Institute of Food Technologists" ; "Cost of Extracting Distilled Water from Sea Water by Compression Distillation" presented at the symposium "Water Problems of the Process Industries" at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers ; "The Role of Industry in Strengthening Fundamental Research" ; "Industrial Research: What it Means to British Industry" ; "The Handwriting on the Wall" address to the American Institute of Chemical Engineers ; "Industrial Research in America" presented at the American Chemical Society ; "Physiological Considerations related to Fire Gas Exposure" ; "The Dyestuff Situation and Its Lesson" presented at the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America ; "Chemistry in Overalls" on the industrial research laboratories of Arthur D. Little, Inc. ; "The Chemist and the Electric Railway" for the meeting of the New England Street Railway Club ; "The Relation of Research to Industrial Development" presented to the Canadian Manufacturers Association ; "ZINLAC" shellac substitute in World War II ; wartime shortages of shellac ; "The Purchase of Coal" ; "Collins" helium cryostat ; "The Earning Power of Chemistry" public lecture through the American Chemical Society ; "The Technology Behind Investment" with "reviews of the chemical, plastics, and fertilizer industries by the Industrial Economics staff at ADL" ; "Industrial Uses of Radioactive Materials: A Selected Bibliography" ; "The Petroleum Outlook" ; Industrial Bulletin" company publications on: sewage treatment plants ; block and graft polymers ; sintered solids ; solar batteries ; sequoia redwood lumber ; the 1955 "Yearbook of Agriculture" ; textile machines ; parachutes ; rubber odor reduction ; tornadoes ; acrolein ; International trade fairs ; Christmas trees ; electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) ; flavor and food technology ; "Cornell-Liberty Safety Car" ; cotton ; the science of baseball and pitching ; translating machines ; carbon black industry and carbon powder ; American Association for the Advancement of Science ; cinefluorography (use of x-rays with a camera to observe internal processes within the body) ; free-piston engines ; technical writing and the Society of Technical Writers . Manufacturer of the "Silk Purse from a Sow's Ear" featured on the Smithsonian's HistoryWired website: http://historywired.si.edu/object.cfm?ID=535 ; "Basis of Quality in Paper" ;
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
34 pieces; 3 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Engineering consultants and contractors  Search this
Foods and beverage products and processing equipment (including brewing; distilleries; beer; wine; etc.)  Search this
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Beverage industry  Search this
Book industries and trade  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Consulting engineers  Search this
Distilleries  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Food industry and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_27154
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_27154

The changing U.S. fertilizer industry / Duane A. Paul ... [et al.]

Author:
United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service National Economic Analysis Division  Search this
Paul, Duane A  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 103 p. : graphs ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1977
Topic:
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Call number:
HD9483.U52 U51
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_102757

The fertilizer industry; study of an imperfect market, by Jesse W. Markham

Author:
Markham, Jesse William 1916-  Search this
Physical description:
249 pages illustrations, maps 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1969
[1969, ©1958]
Topic:
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Call number:
HD9483.U52 M3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_3364

History of the U.S. fertilizer industry / Lewis B. Nelson ; J. Harold Parker, editor

Author:
Nelson, Lewis Bailey 1914-  Search this
Parker, J. Harold  Search this
Tennessee Valley Authority  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 522 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1990
Topic:
Fertilizer industry--History  Search this
Call number:
HD9483.U52 N427 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_409141

The "Nobel Prize Sperm Bank" Was Racist. It Also Helped Change the Fertility Industry

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 09 Jun 2017 10:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_4a9e8be3bbd4d2305967dd703078b378

How the Gold Rush Led to Real Riches in Bird Poop

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 17 Feb 2016 17:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_d99bb44f872da8e25e03a6737c8261cb

Agriculture and the nitrogen cycle : assessing the impacts of fertilizer use on food production and the environment / edited by Arvin Mosier, J. Keith Syers, and John R. Freney

Author:
Mosier, Arvin  Search this
Syers, John K (John Keith)  Search this
Freney, J. R (John Raymond)  Search this
International Council for Science Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 296 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Nitrogen fertilizers  Search this
Nitrogen fertilizers--Environmental aspects  Search this
Nitrogen cycle  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_789949

Making things grow : the story of Mississippi Chemical Corporation / by Jo G. Prichard; with essays by Willie Morris and art by William Dunlap

Author:
Prichard, Jo G  Search this
Morris, Willie  Search this
Dunlap, William 1944-  Search this
Physical description:
276 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Mississippi Chemical Corporation--History  Search this
Fertilizer industry--History  Search this
Call number:
HD9483.M457 P75 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_604019

Cutting costs in the fertilizer industry. / Union Special Machine Company

Author:
Union Special Machine Company  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill. (black and white). ;
Type:
Books
Trade catalogs
Date:
1880
1899
[between 1880 and 1899]
Topic:
Sewing machines  Search this
Sewing-machine industry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_659754

[Trade catalogs on fertilizer for lawns, flowers, vegetables, house plants, shrubs, vines, trees and fields]

Author:
Western Fertilizer Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<1> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Place:
California
Date:
1910
1919
[191-]-
Topic:
Fertilizer industry--Catalogs  Search this
Agricultural chemicals  Search this
Nitrogen fertilizers  Search this
Ashes as fertilizers--Catalogs  Search this
Phosphatic fertilizers--Catalogs  Search this
Wizard (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
46592
46592
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_436491

The great guano rush : entrepreneurs and American overseas expansion / Jimmy M. Skaggs

Author:
Skaggs, Jimmy M  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 334 p. : maps ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Islands of the Pacific
Caribbean Area
Date:
1994
Topic:
Guano industry--History  Search this
Fertilizer industry--History  Search this
Insular possessions  Search this
History  Search this
Territories and possessions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_459209

Situation 79 / TVA Fertilizer Conference, August 23-24, 1979, St. Louis, Missouri

Author:
TVA Fertilizer Conference (7th : 1979 : St. Louis)  Search this
Tennessee Valley Authority  Search this
Physical description:
76 p. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
Topic:
Fertilizers--Congresses  Search this
Manures--Congresses  Search this
Fertilizer industry--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
S631.3 .T109 1979
S631.3.T109 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_125311

Defense against famine; the role of the fertilizer industry [by] A. V. Slack

Author:
Slack, Archie Vivian 1912-  Search this
Manufacturing Chemists' Association (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
232 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
Topic:
Fertilizers  Search this
Manures  Search this
Call number:
S633 .S63
S633.S63
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_3807

Royster's 1912 almanac : in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and twelve : trade mark F.S.R. registered

Title:
Royster's almanac, 1912
Author:
F.S. Royster Guano Company  Search this
Physical description:
48 pages illustrations 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Virginia
United States
Date:
1912
Topic:
Almanacs, American  Search this
Guano industry  Search this
Guano  Search this
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Call number:
AY64 .R69 1912
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1049079

Stinking stones and rocks of gold : phosphate, fertilizer, and industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina / Shepherd W. McKinley

Author:
McKinley, Shepherd W.  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 230 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
South Carolina
Date:
2014
Topic:
Phosphate industry--History  Search this
Phosphates--History  Search this
Fertilizers  Search this
Industries--History  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1061555

The use of fertilizers and chemical insecticides and herbicides in Alberta farming, 1895-1960 / by D.G. Wetherell and Associates Ltd

Author:
D.G. Wetherell and Associates Ltd  Search this
Reynolds-Alberta Museum  Search this
Alberta Alberta Culture  Search this
Physical description:
154 p. in various pagings : ill., facsims. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alberta
Date:
1985
Topic:
Herbicides  Search this
Pesticides--Controlled release  Search this
Fertilizer industry  Search this
Call number:
S584.75.A53 D24 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_962408

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By