Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002 Search this
Scope and Contents:
Includes separate folders with letters received while on field trips, carbon copies of requests for detail and various personnel matters, for the following: Philip Drucker, William N. Fenton, John Peabody Harrington, Matthew William Stirling, John Reed Swanton, Gordon R. Willey.
NAA MS 4621
Manuscript 4621, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The collection consists of a copy of a studio portrait of Onondaga, Mohawk, and Seneca Chiefs with wampum belts, made on September 14, 1871, for Horatio Hale. Includes Joseph Snow (Hahriron), Onondaga Chief; George H. M. Johnson (Deyonhehgon), Mohawk chief, government interpreter and son of John Smoke Johnson; John Buck (Skanawatih), Onondaga chief and hereditary keeper of the wampum; John Smoke Johnson (Sakayenkwaraton), Mohawk chief and speaker of the council; Isaac Hill (Kawenenseronton), Onondaga chief and fire keeper; John Seneca Johnson (Kanonkeredawih), Seneca chief.
Horatio Emmons Hale (1817-1896) was an American-Canadian philologist, ethnologist, author, and businessman who studied Native American languages. He published the Iroquois Book of Rites in 1883, which documented the history and rituals of the Iroquois Confederacy based on interpretations of the group's wampum belts. In September 1871, he requested that six Iroquois chiefs, with whom he had worked on the wampum belts, come to the Brantford, Ontario, studio of James N. Edy, where this photograph was made.
Hale later sent the photograph to his colleagues with variations on the following inscription: "The wampum belts were explained to me on the reserve, at the residence of Chief G. H. M. Johnson; and at my request the chiefs afterwards came with me to Brantford, where the original photograph . . . was taken.--H. Hale, Clinton, Ont." The photograph from which this copy print was made originally belonged to J. N. B. Hewitt.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-58
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional James N. Edy photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4751 and the BAE historical negatives.
Vocabularies and correspondence by Horatio Hale can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7235, MS 7236, MS 4558, MS 772-c, MS 4797, MS 4800, MS 7439, MS 7440, MS 7441, MS 3436, MS 1072, the Bureau of American Ethnology Letters Received, and the J.C. Pilling Papers.
Concerning trip to Washington, D. C. with a group of Indian chiefs, including Long Beard [a Miami], in the winter of 1802-03. Also historical notes by W. N. Fenton, 2 pages; and extract from donor's letter, 1 page.
Notes on: Proscription following taking the Little Water Medicine (Onondaga text); Josha Buck's list of texts of myths relating to faces (False-faces); text (Acts XVII); Adonwa; Onondaga Bowl Game; footnotes on a text of White Dog Sacrifice (Onondaga); fragment of White Dog Sacrifice announcement (Manuscript by an Indian ?); names of months in Mohawk; note on Handsome Lake. 34 pages miscellaneous. Also text, Medicine and Tobacco, Onondaga, by S. Gibson, 1936/ 5 pages- interlinear by W. N. Fenton. Note to Genesis Story, native, 2 pages.
The material includes 4 tintypes and ambrotypes (on glass) in daguerreotype cases. 1 album containing 34 tintypes and small cardboard pictures. 1 album containing 25 tintypes and small cardboard pictures. Subjects unidentified (no names.) The pictures are mainly by Caledonia, Ontario photographers.
One of the pictures in one of the albums resembles a picture of John Brant Sero, in the Bureau of American Ethnology collection (Mohawk Number 963-a-b).
Includes: 1. Correspondence and notes on the eagle dance. Ca. 1937-1951. 2. Plates 1-28, Bull. 156 and figures 1 and 2. 3. (In oversize file) Two original paintings by Ernest Smith, Seneca. Published in Bull. 156 (Copy Negatives 43,792 and 43,792-A) 4. First draft and author's final draft of manuscript. For disposal when Bull. 156 published. Date destroyed: November 9, 1953. 5. Negative of portrait of Will West Long, Cherokee. Sent to Photo Lab for filing Neg. Number 42612. Slides: "The Seneca Eagle Dance." From oil painting in Bureau of American Ethnology Archives by Ernest Smith, Seneca artist of Tonowanda, N.Y. (Reproduced in Fenton, "The Iroquois Eagle Dance," Bureau of American Ethnology Bull. 156, 1953, Pl. 27.) "Dew Eagle dances on the deer." From water color by Ernest Smith, Seneca artist of Tonowanda, N. Y. (Reproduced in Fenton, "The Iroquois Eagle Dance," Bureau of American Ethnology Bull. 156, 1953, Pl. 1)
See the brochure for contents. Speakers include Douglas Henry Ubelaker, Herman J. Viola, Richard Fiske, William Fenton, H. Dempsey, Douglas Parks, Joe Medicine Crow, Mildred Wedel, James Hanson, T. Wessell, J. Gunnerson, D. Gunnerson, Brian Hesse, Loretta Fowler, J. Hotopp, George Frison, D. Gradwohl, and Dennis Stanford. All speakers materials were published except for Uberlaker's, Viola's, and Fiske's opening remarks, Joe Medicine Crow's "The Crow migration story", and D. Gunnerson's "Apachean migration and adaptation" (a slide lecture)
MS 1517-a J.N.B. Hewitt's typed copy with carbon of MS 2316.
MS 1517-b W.N. Fenton's partial translation of MS 1517-a.
MS 1517-c W.N. Fenton's revised translation deposited to BAE for publication circa 1964.
Contents: 1.) Dr Blatchford's address to the Oneida Indians, September 24, 1810. Typescript, 1 page and pencil Manuscript on reverse, 1 page. 2.) Superstitions and Traditions among the Six Nations of the Grand River: Canada/Thunder and Lightning. 2 page typescript written on back of Christmas Pastoral letter, C. of E., 1902, on same typewriter as Number 1. 3.) Unsigned letter in Mohawk script, with translation ["writer possibly Joseph Brant."--Fenton] 12 pages. 4.) Mohawk vocabulary (trees, animals, reptiles, birds). 5 page manuscript and 1 page typescript copy. 4 pages covering correspondence between McIlwraith and Fenton.