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Flying Out drawings of Cheyenne battles and Silver Horn drawing of Kiowa medicine lodge ceremony

Artist:
Flying Out.  Search this
Silver Horn, 1860-1940.  Search this
Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Artist:
Silver Horn, 1860-1940  Search this
Flying Out.  Search this
Extent:
8 Drawings (graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 26 x 37 cm.-62 x 102 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1904
Scope and Contents:
Drawings on large sheets of paper, now laminated. Seven are of Cheyenne battles and are evidently preliminary drawings made in planning production of a hide tipi liner now in the collection of the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, cat. No. 96,808. Other drawings relating to the tipi liner are in Ms. 2538. One drawing of preparations for the Kiowa Medicine Lodge ceremony was evidently a preliminary sketch for the hide painting now in the artifact collection, cat. No. 229,894.
Biographical / Historical:
James Mooney (1861-1921) was a self-taught ethnologist. He was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1885 until his death. In this capacity, he worked extensively among the Cherokee, Kiowa and Cheyenne. Among the Kiowa and Cheyenne, his studies focused on pictorial calendars, the peyote religion, and heraldry, the term he used to refer to the designs on shields and painted tipis. In the course of his study of Kiowa and Cheyenne heraldry, he commissioned many illustrations by native artists. For additional biographic information on James Mooney see: Christopher Winters, General Editor, International Dictionary of Anthropologists, Garland Publishing, 1991; Neil M. Judd, The Bureau of American Ethnology - A Partial History, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967; L.G. Moses, The Indian Man - A Biography of James Mooney, University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

White Shield (nd) a.k.a. Young Black Bird White Shield, a Northern Cheyenne, was the son of Spotted Wolf and grandson of Whistling Elk. He fought side by side with his adopted brother Yellow Nose in the Rosebud fight. According to accounts of the battle, White Shield was fishing with his nephews when he heard the gunfire of Reno's attack on the south end of the village. He overtook Bobtail Horse and others who were the first to meet Custer in Custer fight. He was still living in 1908. Information obtained from "Cheyenne Participants in the Battle of Little Big Horn" http://www.montana.edu/wwwfpcc/tribes/cheyenne.html.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.233,124-130
Local Note:
Mooney's caption and Numbers appear on the originals. The significance of "Cheyenne Curtin" and "Elk River" prefaced to the Numbers is not yet determined. Notations on the originals that depict "Republican River" encounter refer to "Stone," probably source giving account of battle; not located. Possibly drawings were made later, from material that Mooney brought into the USNM in 1904. Or drawings possibly copied from Mooney's Cheyenne specimen collection at Field Columbian Museum, Chicago.
Album Information:
MS 233124 000
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 233,124-130, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Flying Out(?) drawings of Cheyenne battles and Silver Horn drawing of Kiowa medicine lodge ceremony
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw374295fbe-0453-42cb-9349-0db825731d1b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms233124-ref1

Notes

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 4, 1918
Scope and Contents:
"Notes, Ind Law--Suggestions--JM" Concern the civil rights of Indians in the army and the reaction of the Kiowas and Cheyennes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(12)
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36a6ff150-e1fb-4c51-b306-021960b9e00f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref9

MS 7054 William N. Williams papers

Creator:
Williams, William N.  Search this
Names:
Buffalo Tail, Cheyenne  Search this
Chisholm, William  Search this
Rankin, W. A.  Search this
Satanta, Kiowa Chief, approximately 1815-1878  Search this
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
February 1870
Scope and Contents:
Subjects discussed include traders and trespassers in Indian Territory, together with monthly returns for Quartermaster stores of the 3rd Infantry Battalion 1865-70, and deeds, stock certificates, and army communications. Also concern problems with W. A. Rankin and William Chisholm with references to Buffalo Tail, a Cheyenne; to Santanta, the Kiowa leader; and to Osage raids. An inventory of property captured from Chisholm is attatched to one of the letters. The property returns, dated 1868-70, are copies retained by Williams as Adjutant of the Battalion; the series is incomplete.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7054
Topic:
Business  Search this
U. S. Army -- Quartermaster stores  Search this
U. S. Army -- deeds  Search this
U. S. Army -- stock certificates  Search this
U. S. Army -- Communications  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Federal-Indian relations  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
War -- raids  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7054, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7054
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw356506d33-80ba-4092-aeaf-efba70258fde
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7054

MS 2905 The Kiowa Range

Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Culture:
American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
1897
Scope and Contents:
Showing the location of the Plains Tribes in 1832, and the principal Military and Trading Posts, etc., with the Kiowa names of local features. (Sgd.) "James Mooney, 1897."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2905
Local Note:
Original manuscript map from which Plate LV11, 17th AR-Bureau of American Ethnology was taken.
Topic:
Names, place -- Kiowa  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 2905, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2905
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw315c0529f-cbfe-4496-8393-da75007de476
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2905

MS 4587 Historical Narratives

Creator:
Howell, Myra Lake  Search this
Names:
Big Tree, circa 1850-1929  Search this
Kicking Bird, -1875  Search this
Parker, Quanah, 1845?-1911  Search this
Satanta, Kiowa Chief, approximately 1815-1878  Search this
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contains three typescripts: (a) "The Comanche Centaurs and Quanah Parker," 234 pages; (b) "Kicking Bird, Prince of the Kiowas," 74 pages; (c) "The Jacksboro Trials of Satanta and Big Tree," 48 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4587
Local Note:
Carbon typescripts
Other Title:
The Prairie Centaurs
The Comanche Centaurs and Quanah Parker
Kicking Bird, Prince of the Kiowas
The Jacksboro Trials of Satanta and Big Tree
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Jacksboro Trials  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4587, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4587
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw307a02b4c-d3a8-46ea-9a4b-e0dacc58b68a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4587

MS 39-a Book of drawings by unidentified Cheyenne artist at Fort Marion, Florida

Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume of 21 drawings (23 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 21 x 27 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875 August
Scope and Contents:
Artist's sketchbook, now disbound, containing scenes of daily life, dances, hunting and a picture of birds. Individual leaves numbered 1 through 23. Cover of the drawing book inscribed in pencil "Drawn by Making Medicine, Cheyenne Prisoner, St. Augustine, Fla. Aug. 1875." Inscriptions on individual leaves by same hand, probably Lt. Richard Pratt.
Biographical / Historical:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort under supervision of Lt. Richard Pratt. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 39A

OPPS NEG 55,025 - 55,046
Local Note:
The original identification of the artist as Making Medicine based on the inscription is in error, based on comparison to other known examples of the artist's work, including Ms. 39B. Re-identified as anonymous Cheyenne artist by Candace Greene, 2002.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39A 000
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations  Search this
Dance -- Medicine Dance  Search this
Dance -- Sun Dance  Search this
Amusements -- Wrestling  Search this
Habitations -- Medicine Lodge  Search this
Marriage and family -- courting  Search this
Hunting -- Buffalo  Search this
Hunting -- antelope  Search this
Hunting -- elk  Search this
Hunting -- bear  Search this
Hunting -- Turkey  Search this
War -- warriors  Search this
Zoology -- wild horses  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 39A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS39A
See more items in:
MS 39-a Book of drawings by unidentified Cheyenne artist at Fort Marion, Florida
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3266715b7-2e7e-44a7-8203-5889d06bae7a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms39a
Online Media:

MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others

Artist:
Doanmoe, Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Onkoiday  Search this
Sepinta  Search this
White Horse  Search this
Zonekeuk ?  Search this
Zotom  Search this
Extent:
33 Drawings (graphite, colored pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor, 12 x 18 cm.-20 x 55 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
The manuscript contains 28 drawings depicting warfare, courting, hunting, dances, a horse race, and an intertribal meeting. The drawings also include 5 pages with pictographs representing various words and the names of the prisoners. Included in the manuscript are rosters of the Ft. Marion prisoners listing the prisoners' names and tribal affiliations. Several drawings are inscribed with the name of Koba, some with the name Etahdleuh. Most were probably drawn by Koba.
Biographical / Historical:
Koba (Wild Horse) was born in 1848. During the Red River War he was a member of the Kiowa band that surrendered on February 18, 1875. Following his surrender, he was confined at Fort Sill, Indian Territory. He was accused of stealing horses and mules in Texas and participating in the August 22, 1874 skirmish at the Wichita Agency, one of the opening engagements of the Red River War. He was among the Kiowa prisoners who were incarcerated in Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida following the end of the conflict. He arrived at Fort Marion on May 21, 1875. After his release from Ft. Marion, Koba attended the Hampton Institute in Virginia. He arrived at Hampton on April 14, 1878. In June of 1879, he left Hampton to work on a farm in Lee, Massachusetts. He then enrolled in the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he studied to be a tinsmith. He arrived at Carlisle on October 7, 1879. On September 10, 1880, Koba left Carlisle on what was intended to be a brief trip to Indian Territory. Although his health was failing, he was deemed fit to travel. He died of consumption on September 24, 1880, only three days after arriving at his destination.
Etahdleuh (1856-1888) was also known as Etahdleeuh, Etadeleuh, Etahdleuh Doanmoe, Boy, and Boy Hunting. He was imprisoned at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida from 1875-1878. After his release from Fort Marion, he attended the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, arriving in April, 1878. In 1879, he travelled to the Indian Territory to recruit pupils to attend the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he would study and work on and off from 1879 to 1887. He made two extended trips back to the reservation during this period and from February to May 1880, he worked at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. He was trained as a Presbyterian missionary and returned to the reservation in January 1888 to serve in this capacity.
For further biographical information on Koba or Etahdleuh see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 39C
Album Information:
MS 39C 000
Provenance:
Reynolds, Mary B.
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Marriage and family -- Courtship -- Kiowa  Search this
War -- Apache  Search this
War -- Navaho  Search this
War -- Comanche  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs -- Kiowa
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 39C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS39C
See more items in:
MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a02dfcd2-f48e-456d-99e8-f97aa096cefe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms39c
Online Media:

MS 4019-b Account of Kiowa and Comanche war of 1874

Creator:
Rupprecht, Fred. von  Search this
Extent:
15 Pages
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Two drafts (not duplicates) of an account of military activities against the Kiowas and Comanches around Fort Sill. One draft bears the title, "Der indianer Krieg 1874, and the other," Skizze" (first word illegible).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4019-b
Local Note:
Found with 4019-a.
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa and Comanche war of 1874  Search this
War -- Kiowa and Comanche war of 1874  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4019-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4019B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b8896b27-b14c-4444-be91-4a5c63704061
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4019b

MS 1911 Reports of Indians on the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache reservations

Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Annotator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Author:
Kimball, Harry  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Apache  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
circa 1872
Scope and Contents:
Report dates between June 16, 1872 and July 22, 1872. See text of document.
"By Harry Kimball, Paymaster Clerk, Ft. Sill."--Note in Mooney's hand.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1911
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Comanche  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Apache  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1911, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1911
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35c6dad0a-8fc4-4ad8-823f-1717ae7deb87
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1911

MS 521 Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Kiowa Indians

Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Personal names.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 521
General:
Previously titled "Indian Agency Property Return list (Kiowa and Comanche)."
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Names, Personal -- Kiowa  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 521, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS521
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw346b1d73d-56ad-4909-9847-830294e435af
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms521

MS 4666 Copy of Letter to Editor of the Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia, Wichita Agency, Indian Ty

Creator:
Richards, Jonathan A.  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
December 10, 1872
Scope and Contents:
Concerns Indians of the Agency of the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, and Comanche who visited Washington, Baltimore, and Philadelphia in 1872 under the care of Henry E. Alvord. (Photographs of some of these delegates are in the Bureau of American Ethnology photographic files.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4666
Topic:
Delegations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Delegations -- Arapaho  Search this
Delegations -- Kiowa  Search this
Delegations -- Comanche  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Arapaho  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Comanche  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4666, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4666
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39d005b43-5f5d-473c-b715-d3cc3f118642
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4666

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