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Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers

Creator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Stirling, Marion  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
37.94 Linear feet (84 boxes, 3 map folders)
Culture:
Olmec (archaeological culture)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Photographs
Correspondence
Place:
Papua New Guinea
Mexico
Ecuador
Costa Rica
Panama
Date:
1876-2004, undated
bulk 1921-1975
Summary:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, 1876-2004 (bulk 1921-1975), document the professional and personal lives of Matthew Stirling, Smithsonian archaeologist and Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), and his wife and constant collaborator, Marion Stirling Pugh. The bulk of the material is professional in nature and includes material from Matthew's early career in the 1920s, the careers of Matthew and Marion together from when they married in 1933 to Matthew's death in 1975, and Marion's life and work from 1975 until her death in 2001.

The majority of the documentation relates to the investigation of the Olmec culture in Mexico by the Stirlings, including the discoveries of eight colossal Olmec heads. In addition, the collection documents their work in Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica, looking for connections between Mesoamerica and South America. Materials include field notes, journals, correspondence, photographs, writings, clippings, ephemera, articles, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, 1876-2004 (bulk 1921-1975), document the professional and personal lives of Matthew Stirling, Smithsonian archaeologist, and Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), and his wife and constant collaborator, Marion Stirling Pugh. The bulk of the material is professional in nature and includes material from Matthew's early career in the 1920s, the careers of Matthew and Marion together from when they married in 1933 to Matthew's death in 1975, and Marion's life and work from 1975 until her death in 2001. The majority of the documentation relates to the investigation of the Olmec culture in Mexico by the Stirlings, including the discoveries of eight colossal Olmec heads. In addition, the collection documents their work in Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica, looking for connections between Mesoamerica and South America. Materials include field notes, journals, correspondence, photographs, writings, clippings, ephemera, articles, and scrapbooks.

Series 1. Field work, 1921-1998 (bulk 1921-1975) and undated, documents the archaeological expeditions undertaken by Matthew and Marion Stirling over a span of 40 years. This includes expeditions Matthew undertook prior to his marriage and collaboration with Marion to Papua New Guinea, Ecuador, and Florida, and extensive documentation of expeditions they embarked on together to Mexico, Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.

Series 2. Other travels, 1946-1972 is comprised of materials documenting trips the Stirlings took that, for the most part, did not include field work. This includes trips for both business and personal travel, however it was common for the two to overlap.

Series 3. Administrative files, 1924-1980 and undated is partly comprised of materials the Stirlings compiled and organized into an alphabetical filing structure and also of materials that are administrative in nature and did not directly relate to other categories outlined in this finding aid.

Series 4 Writings and lectures, 1925-1990 and undated, consists of articles, papers, drafts, and notes primarily written by Matthew Stirling, with some materials co-written by Marion, and documentation relating to presentations the Stirlings gave regarding their field work and other professional matters. Also included is material relating to films that were made about the Stirling's work.

Series 5. Personal and family materials, 1880-1996 and undated, consists of documents, photographs, and ephemera that are personal in nature. This includes items relating to Matthew Stirling's young life and family history, photographs, correspondence, and clippings relating to his extended family, and photographs of and correspondence from Matt and Marion's children.

Series 6. Anthropological journals, 1876-1959, consists of collections of anthropological journals collected and categorized for reference and research purposes.

Series 7. Marion Stirling Pugh, 1924-2004 (bulk 1948-2002) and undated, consists of materials relating to endeavors Marion undertook without Matthew, primarily relating to her participation in the Society of Women Geographers from 1948-2000 and her life after Matthew died in 1975 until her death in 2001.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 7 series: 1) Field work, 1921-1998 (bulk 1921-1975), undated; 2) Other travels, 1946-1972; 3) Administrative files, 1924-1980, undated; 4) Writings and lectures, 1925-1990, undated; 5) Personal and family materials, 1880-1996, undated; 6) Anthropological journals, 1876-1959; 7) Marion Stirling Pugh, 1924-2004 (bulk 1948-2002), undated.
Biographical note:
MATTHEW WILLIAMS STIRLING:

Matthew Williams Stirling, archaeologist and Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), was born on August 28, 1896 in Salinas, California. After serving as an Ensign in the Navy from 1917-1919, he graduated with a B.A. in Anthropology in 1920 from the University of California, Berkeley studying under T.T. Waterman, Alfred L. Kroeber, and E.W. Gifford. From 1920-1921 he worked as a teaching fellow at the university, where he taught William Duncan Strong. Stirling's first tenure at the Smithsonian (then the U.S. National Museum (USNM)) was from 1921-1924, first as a museum aide, then as an Assistant Curator of Ethnology. While in the position he took night classes at George Washington University and received his M.A. in 1922. He received an honorary Sc.D. from Tampa University in 1943. In 1924, Stirling resigned his position at the museum and embarked on a journey to South American with his friend Perry Patton. From 1925-1927 he embarked on the Smithsonian sponsored American-Dutch Expedition to Papua New Guinea to explore the previously unknown interior region of Dutch New Guinea. Stirling was appointed Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution in 1928 and married Marion Illig in 1933. They worked together for the next 40 years studying Olmec culture and the connection to greater Mesoamerica and South America. They had two children (Matthew W. Stirling Jr. in 1938 and Ariana Stirling in 1942). Stirling retired as Director of the B.A.E. on December 31, 1957. He died January 23, 1975 in Washington, D.C.

Sources consulted:

Collins, Henry B. "Matthew Williams Stirling, 1896-1975." American Anthropologist, New Series, 78, no. 4 (1976): 886-88.

Coe, Michael D. "Matthew Williams Stirling, 1896-1975." American Antiquity 41, no. 1 (1976): 67-73.

MARION STIRLING PUGH:

Marion Stirling Pugh (nee Illig) was born in Middletown, New York on May 12, 1911. She graduated from Rider College in 1930 and came to Washington D.C. in 1931 where she took a job as a secretary to the Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Matthew Stirling. She attended night school at George Washington University from 1931-1933 where she studied anthropology, geology, and Russian. Marion and Matthew were married on December 11, 1933 and promptly embarked on a honeymoon expedition to Florida where Matthew was in charge of Works Progress Administration (WPA) projects. They worked together for the next 40 years studying Olmec culture and the connection to greater Mesoamerica and South America. They had two children (Matthew W. Stirling Jr. in 1938 and Ariana Stirling in 1942).

Marion was an active member of the Society of Women Geographers and was elected to the executive board in 1954. She served as president of the society from 1960-1963 and 1969-1972. She had a long-time association with the Textile Museum in Washington D.C. and in the 1970s established what would become the Latin American Research Fund to secure Latin American ethnographic textiles for the museum.

After Matthew's death in 1975, Marion married General John Ramsey Pugh in 1977. Pugh died in 1994. Marion continued to travel the world, including making a trip to Antarctica in her 80s, until her death on April 24, 2001 in Tucson, Arizona.

Sources consulted:

"Marion Stirling Pugh, 89." The Washington Post. May 11, 2001. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/2001/05/11/marion-stirling-pugh-89/01329ba8-f32b-4d66-83fb-9f3c311aaefb/?utm_term=.ab20f25e060b (accessed May 16, 2019).

Conroy, Sarah Booth. "Archaeologist Marion Pugh, Digging Up Memories." The Washington Post. July 8, 1996. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/1996/07/08/archaeologist-marion-pugh-digging-up-memories/09f465e7-5900-455e-bcd5-b81828a502d5/?utm_term=.703ff0e84313 (accessed May 16, 2019).

Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh Chronology

1896 August 28 -- Matthew Williams Stirling born in Salinas, California to Ariana and John Williams Stirling

1911 May 12 -- Marion Illig born in Middletown, New York

1914-1920 -- Matthew Stirling attended the University of California, Berkeley, receiving his B.A. in Anthropology in 1920. He studied under A.L. Kroeber, T.T. Waterman, and E.W. Gifford.

1917-1919 -- Matthew Stirling served as an ensign in the U.S. Navy during World War I

1920 -- Matthew Stirling's travels to Europe with his parents

1920-1921 -- Matthew Stirling worked as teaching fellow at the University of California, Berkeley and taught William Duncan Strong

1921-1924 -- Matthew Stirling worked at the United States National Museum (USNM), first as a Museum Aide and then as an Assistant Curator of Ethnology

1922 -- Matthew Stirling received Master of Arts degree from George Washington University, studying under Truman Michelson Matthew Stirling went on a trip to the cave country of France and Spain with friend Perry J. Patton

1923 Winter -- Matthew Stirling sent by J. Walter Fewkes to excavate at Weedon (or Weeden) Island, Florida

1924 Spring -- Matthew Stirling resigned from his Smithsonian USNM post

1924 Summer -- Matthew Stirling conducted excavations in Mobridge, South Dakota

1924 July -- Matthew Stirling went on a trip to South America with friend, Perry J. Patton

1924 Winter -- Matthew Stirling continued excavations in Weedon Island, FL

1924-1925 -- Matthew Stirling sold real estate on Weedon Island, Florida to fund the expedition to Papua New Guinea in the winters of 1924 and 1925

1925-1927 -- Matthew Stirling organized and led the American-Dutch Expedition (or Smithsonian Institution-Dutch Colonial Government expedition) to Papua New Guinea

1928 -- Matthew Stirling named Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) at the Smithsonian Institution

1929 March-April -- Matthew Stirling surveyed mounds in Tampa Bay and Calusa areas of Florida

1930s -- Matthew Stirling conducted various archaeological excavations in Georgia and Florida under the Works Progress Administration (WPA)

1930 -- Marion Illig received a Bachelor of Science degree from Rider College From February through April, Mathew Stirling conducted more work on Tampa Bay mounds in Florida In July, Matthew Stirling went to Marfa, Texas to examine pictographs in caves and also went to Deeth, Nevada

1931 September-1932 March -- Matthew Stirling a member of the Latin American Expedition to South and Central America. He studied the Tule/Kuna Indians in Panama and the Jivaro in Ecuador

1931-1933 -- Marion Illig moved to Washington D.C. to attend George Washington University and worked at the BAE as a secretary for Matthew Stirling

1933 December 11 -- Matthew and Marion Stirling married

1933 December-1934 May 5 -- Matthew Stirling supervised Federal Civil Works Administration (or Federal Emergency Relief Administration) projects in Florida, also called Florida Federal Relief (Bradenton, Perico Island, Canaveral Island, and Belle Glade) and BAE excavations in Macon, Georgia

1934 October -- Conducted archaeological work in King, Queen, and Halifax counties in Virginia and Granville City, North Carolina

1935 -- Matthew Stirling acted as the president of the Anthropological Society of Washington Expedition to Guatemala, Honduras, and Yucatan Peninsula to study the Maya and the Quché (or Quiche) Indians from January to February 15, 1935

1935-1936 -- Matthew Stirling acted as the vice president of the American Anthropological Association

1936 -- Matthew Stirling and WPA workers conducted archaeological surveys in southern Florida in July 1936 Matthew and Marion Stirling visited an excavation in Macon, Georgia in Fall 1936 Matthew Stirling supervised archaeological projects in Hillsborough and Dade Counties in Florida

1938 January-March -- Matthew and Marion Stirling take first field trip to Mexico, visiting Tres Zapotes

1938 December 24-1939 April 15 -- First Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with C.W. Weiant. Excavated Tres Zapotes and discovered lower portion of Stela C

1939 -- Matthew Stirling received his first Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society

1939 December 26-1940 April 20 -- Second Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated Cerro de las Mesas and La Venta

1940 December 29-1941 April 30 -- Third Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated Cerro de las Mesas and Izapa

1941 -- Matthew and Marion Stirling received the Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society (shared with Richard Hewitt Stewart)

1942 April -- Matthew Stirling visited Dr. Philip Drucker at La Venta

1942 April-June -- Fourth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Visited Tuxtla Gutierrez, Zoque, Tzotzil and Chamula Indians, and Palenque

1943 -- Fifth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Waldo R. Wedel. Excavated La Venta Matthew Stirling awarded honorary Doctor of Science from Tampa University

1944 January 28-May -- Sixth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Visited Michoacán, Jalisco, Uruapan, Tlaquepaque, and Tarascan Indians from Lake Pátzcuaro and conducted archaeological surveys in Southern Veracruz, Tabasco, and Campeche

1945 January 22-May 31 -- Seventh Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Excavated La Venta, San Lorenzo, Piedra Parada, and Tapachula

1946 January 26-April -- Eighth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated San Lorenzo

1947 -- Matthew Stirling becomes Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology (title changed from "Chief")

1947 December-1948 -- First Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expeditions to Panama including Cocle, Balboa, Chitre, Parita (Sixto Pinilla Place), Monagrillo, and El Hatillo

1949 -- Second Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1951 -- Third Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1953 -- Fourth Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1954 -- Marion Stirling elected to the executive board of the Society of Women Geographers

1955 -- "Pan Am" (or Inter-American Highway) Road Trip

1956-1957 -- Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Ecuador. Excavated in the ManabÍ Province

1957 December 31 -- Matthew Stirling retired as Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology

1958 -- Matthew Stirling received his third Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society

1960-1963 -- Marion Stirling acted as president for the Society of Women Geographers for the first time

1960-1975 -- Matthew Stirling's membership in the National Geographic Society Committee on Research and Exploration

1961 -- Trip to Mexico Marion Stirling's trip to Peru Matthew Stirling collaborated with Dr. L.S.B. Leakey through the NGS Committee on Research and Exploration

1963 -- Trip to Nicaragua

1964 -- Expedition to Costa Rica Trip to Asia

1967 -- International Tuna Match, Bahamas

1968 -- Trip to New Guinea Attended the Cultural Olympics in Mexico City

1969 -- Trip to Turkey, Bali, Etc.

1969-1972 -- Marion Stirling acted as president for the Society of Women Geographers for the second time

1972 -- Trip to Peru, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands Farmer finds upper portion of Stela C, confirming Matthew Stirling's original date as 31 B.C.

1972-1973 -- Trip to Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

1974 -- Marion Stirling established the Mexican Research Fund (now the Latin American Research fund) for the Textile Museum

1975 January 23 -- Matthew Williams Stirling died in Washington D.C.

1977 -- Marion Stirling married Major General John Ramsey Pugh

1985 -- Marion Stirling Pugh received the Distinguished Service Medal from the Peruvian Embassy

1994 -- Death of Major General John Ramsey Pugh Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to Spain, Portugal, and Morocco

1995 -- Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to Antarctica and the Falkland Islands

1996 -- Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to China, and separately to Belize and Honduras

2001 April 24 -- Marion Stirling Pugh died in Tucson, Arizona
Separated Materials:
Film materials were transferred to the Human Studies Film Archive (HSFA).
Provenance:
The bulk of these papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in 2016 by Matthew and Marion Stirling's grandchildren, Jessica Gronberg and Jeremy Withers.
Restrictions:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers are open for research.

The scrapbooks listed in Series 1.7 are restricted due to preservation concerns. Please contact the reference archivist for more information.

Access to the Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Occupation:
Women archaeologists  Search this
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2016-24
See more items in:
Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-24

Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32850
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 1

Leesburg -- Little Oatlands

Former owner:
Carter, George  Search this
Carter, George Mrs.  Search this
Carter, George II  Search this
Eustis, William Corcoran  Search this
Eustis, William Corcoran Mrs  Search this
Finley, David E. Jr.  Search this
Finley, Margaret Morton Eustis  Search this
Williams, Dick  Search this
Williams, Joan, Mrs  Search this
Sculptor:
Righetti, Francesco  Search this
Hancock, Walter  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Finley, Margaret Eustis  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Little Oatlands (Leesburg, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Loudoun -- Leesburg
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and biographical information.
General:
Little Oatlands has a two-acre formal garden originally designed in the mid-1930's by the owners David and Margaret Finley, and the garden rooms, allées, stone walls, gazebo, statues and sculptures have been maintained with few changes for 80 years. The first garden room inside the main gate was installed in 1935 and has four parterres bordered with boxwood around a central fountain, originally a sundial. The original English boxwood borders have been replaced with Korean and American box cultivars in this and the other three rooms. Three more garden rooms were developed in 1937: two bisecting cedar allées that lead to a gazebo set over the stone wall, a flowering cherry allée that leads to a wall fountain, and another room with a large planted urn, a statue of St. Francis Assisi and a swath formerly used as a bowling green bordered by statues of the four seasons. A swimming pool was added in 1952. Boxwood hedges define the rooms within the perimeter of stone walls and ornamental iron gates provide entry to the different rooms. Some of the statues and fountains were copied from classical Italian pieces, and the gazebo was copied from one in England. Original sculptures include "Suzanna at the Bath" by Paul Manship and "The Little Shepherd Boy" by Walter Hancock. In addition to the main house there is a guest cottage on the property. Recent work in the gardens includes replanting long borders of ephemeral spring bulbs under the flowering cherry allée.
In the early 18th century this country house was a tenant farmer's stone cottage on the 63,093 acre estate known as Oatlands Plantation. In 1887 the Carter family was forced to sell the large property but continued to own a few cottages and 180 acres, and called it Little Oatlands. Members of the Eustis family have owned this property since 1927 and have enlarged this house and converted the Carter's vegetable garden into the existing formal garden. In 1965 Oatlands mansion, garden and more than 250 surrounding acres were deeded to the National Trust for Historic Preservation with easements for the family.
Persons associated with the garden include George Carter (former owner, 1798-1847); Mrs. George Carter (former owner, 1847-1897); George Carter II (former owner, 1897-1926); Mr. and Mrs. William Corcoran Eustis (former owner, 1927-1932); David E. Finley, Jr. (1890-1977) and Margaret Morton Eustis Finley (1903-1977) (former owners, 1932-1977); Dick and Joan Williams (former owners, 1977-2014); Paul Manship (sculptor, 1947); Francesco Righetti (sculptor); Walter Hancock (sculptor, c. 1960); Margaret Eustis Finley (sculptor, c. 1930)
Related Materials:
Little Oatlands related holdings consist of 2 folders (21 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Leesburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA445
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18840

Cultural Conservation and Languages: America's Many Voices

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
America's Many Voices - the third in a series of Cultural Conservation programs that began in 1985 - addressed the importance of language in the preservation of cultural traditions. Spanish speakers from Texas, Chinese speakers from New York, Lao speakers from Virginia and Maryland, and English speakers from North Carolina challenged Festival audiences to hear the beauty of their voices, to understand the social significance of their languages, and to grasp meanings sometimes not easily translated. The theme was chosen to coincide with the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, and looked back in part to the wisdom of the early patriots for guidance concerning present-day social problems and issues. In 1987, as in 1787, America's linguistic diversity and cultural variety were seen by some as threats to national unity and by others as a primary resource for national strength; the Festival advocated the latter approach.

In addition to musical performances from several of the featured communities and a full program of narrative sessions, ongoing demonstrations included (in the Mexican American area) saddle making, barbacoa cookery, toymaking, quilting, and a sacred procession each day of the Matachines group from Laredo, Texas, through the Cultural Conservation area; (in the Appalachian American area), the skills and lore of tobacco farming and the stories of hunters and their dogs; (in the Chinese American area), toymaking, face painting, and occupation lore of laundry operatators. The Lao American area included floral arts, weaving, wood carving, basket making, rocket making, and, on Sunday June 28, an all day celebration of Boun Bang Fai, the Lao Rocket Festival, which included religious ceremonies, sports, music, dance, and a rocket competition.

Frank Proschan was Curator of the Cultural Conservation program and Todd DeGarmo was Program Coordinator.
Fieldworkers and consultants:
Fieldworkers

Norma Cantú, Fay Chiang, Glenn Hinson, Mary Anne McDonald, Mario Montaño, Kingsavanh Pathammavong, Frank Proschan

Research Assistance

Charles Camp, Carol Kulig, Susan Levitas, Mary Scherbatskoy, John Kuo Wei Tchen, Margaret Yuen
Presenters:
Charles Camp, Norma Cantú, Fay Chiang, Carol Compton, Mary Greene, Glenn Hinson, Suzi Jones, Susan Levitas, Alfred Lui, Tim Lloyd, Mario Montaño, Phouratsamy Naughton, Kingsavanh Pathammavong, Suzanne Seriff, Mary Scherbatskoy, John Kuo Wei Tchen, Wang Chang Wei
Participants:
Appalachian Americans

Bessie Mae Eldreth, 1913-, ballad singer, cook, Boone, North Carolina

Colonel Francis, tobacco farmer, Crumpler, North Carolina

Laura Milton Hodges, teacher, tobacco farmer, cultural spokesperson, Vilas, North Carolina

Roy Lee Hodges, Jr., tobacco farmer, Vilas, North Carolina

Jack Lawrence, Sr., fox hunter, Boone, North Carolina

Arvie Miller, 1930-, storekeeper, tobacco farmer¬, Boone, North Carolina

Judy Norris, 1939-, tobacco farmer, Sugar Grove, North Carolina

R. Dudley Norris, 1938-, tobacco farmer, Sugar Grove, North Carolina

Jean Reid, 1961-, ballad singer, Lenoir, North Carolina

Arvill Scott, 1953-, tobacco farmer, musician, Lansing, North Carolina

Rita Francis Scott, 1953-, tobacco farmer, musician, Lansing, North Carolina

Joseph Spencer Stephens, 1936-, storekeeper, tobacco farmer, Creston, North Carolina

R. Howard Woodring, 1937-, coon hunter, Boone, North Carolina

Chinese Americans

Danny Chang, cook, New York, New York

Kui Wu Chen, 1943-, calligrapher, face and palm reader, New York, New York

Chinatown Senior Center Orchestra, musicians, New York, New York -- Chinatown Senior Center Orchestra, musicians, New York, New YorkJ.L. Jong Olmos Chan, musician, New York, NYLeong Nan Li, musician, New York, NYTon P. Hom, 1916-, musician¬, New York, NYPeter S. Lee, musician, New York, NYChing To Hau, musician¬, New York, NYPan Sau Chan, musician¬, New York, NYHon Cheung Tsang, musi¬cian, New York, NY

Shu-Min Fung, 1941-, dancer, Brooklyn, New York

Mei-Jiun Mai, dancer, Scotch Plains, New Jersey

Gum Wong Troy, 1923-, laundry worker, Rockville, Maryland

May King Troy, 1924-, cook, Rockville, Maryland

Ngan Hang Tung, 1923-, Peking Opera master, New York, New York

Yung-ching Yeh, 1942-, children's games, New York, New York

Chan Shek Yu, shopkeeper, Scotch Plains, New Jersey

Margaret Yuen, 1952-, dancer, cultural spokesperson, New York, New York

Lao Americans

Soulisack Bannavong, 1965-, woodcarver, Silver Spring, Maryland

Bout Chanthavilay, 1930-, weaver, Alexandria, Virginia

Khamvay Insixiengmay, 1939-, weaver, Woodbridge, Virginia

Phouangphaka Khamvongsa, 1942-, cook, candle maker, Springfield, Virginia

So Khamvongsa, 1919-, musician, Springfield, Virginia

Bounmy Kittiphanh, 1937-, Buddhist monk, Catlett, Virginia

Onechanh Luthongchak, 1945-, mohlam singer, Takoma Park, Maryland

Chandaphone Mingsisouphanh, 1954-, Buddhist monk, Catlett, Virginia

Thinat Nachampasack, 1950-, musician, Springfield, Virginia

Sangvane Pathammavong, floral arts, Arlington, Virginia

Vath Phimmakaysone, 1940-, basket maker, cultural spokesperson, Hyattsville, Maryland

Khampiang Simmanakhot, 1952-, musician, Walkersville, Maryland

Bounsavath Soulamany, 1930-, rocket maker, Alexandria, Virginia

Sing Soulamany, 1942-, weaver, Alexandria, Virginia

Thongtanh Souvannaphanh, 1937-, musician, Springfield, Virginia

Mexican Americans

Cipriano Cedillo, 1915-, toymaker, -- barbacoa -- cook, Laredo, Texas

Los Matachines de Ladrillero, -- sacred processional dancers, Laredo, Texas -- Los Matachines de Ladrillero, sacred processional dancers, Laredo, TexasFlorencio Ortiz, Jr., Matachines musician, Laredo, TexasTeresita Gonzales, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasGuadalupe Ortiz, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasJavier Castillo, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasJuan Castillo, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasAlonzo Ortiz, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasMaximo Morales, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasPete Ortiz, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasViviano Solano, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasLeticia Layton, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasMelissa Gonzales, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasErica Velasquez, Matachines dancer, Laredo, TexasCarlo Ortiz, Matachines dancer, Laredo, Texas

José Martinez-Coronado, 1923-, saddle maker, leather worker, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico

Cecilio Santos, 1950-, -- banisteria -- , woodcarver, Laredo, Texas

Maria Paredes Solis, 1923-, quilt maker, San Ygnacio, Texas
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1987 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1987, Series 2
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1987 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1987-ref18

Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers

Source:
Music, Sports and Entertainment, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Friedlein, Gilbert L., 1884-  Search this
Friedlein, Gilbert L., Jr., 1921-  Search this
Former owner:
Music, Sports and Entertainment, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Clippings
Contracts
Date:
1880s-1961
Summary:
Collection documents the life of Gilbert L. Friedlein, semi-professional baseball player and grain elevator operator, and his son Gilbert Friedlein, Jr. It includes photographs, a baseball contract, and correspondence.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of photographs, personal papers, and newspaper clippings about Gilbert L. Friedlein and his family. Topics include his membership on the Drake semi-professional baseball team, his employment with Farmers Elevator Company in Lewistown, Montana, and his son's membership in the University of California band. Highlights include several photographs of the grain elevator after its destruction by fire, a 1908 baseball contract, and a letter written from Freidlein, Jr. to his parents.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged by type of materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Gilbert L. Friedlein was born February 2, 1884, in Osterdock, Iowa, the son of Frederick and Harriet Friedlein. He received his education in Guttenberg, Iowa, and married Tressa Kathryn Akers from Charleston, West Virginia, on June 17, 1914. He was a pitcher for the semi-professional baseball team from Drake, North Dakota, before retiring from the sport in 1913 and working fulltime for Farmers Elevator Company. He resided in the area of Lewistown, Montana, for fifty-three years and served as a member of the City Council and the Elks Lodge before his death on May 1, 1961.

Friedlein's son, Gilbert Friedlein, Jr., was born on July 12, 1921. He attended the University of California-Berkeley, where he was a member of the university band. Friedlein, Jr. wed LeVita (Pat) Bernstein of San Jose, California. He was employed with the San Francisco Port of Embarkation and worked in the personnel department of the wage administration section in Oakland. Friedlein, Jr. died November 18, 1958.
Provenance:
Found in the collection of the Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment, now Division of Cultural and Community Life.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Baseball players  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Grain elevators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Photographs -- 19th century
Clippings -- 19th century
Contracts
Citation:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers, 1880s-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0943
See more items in:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0943

Middleburg -- Farmers Delight Plantation

Collection Creator:
Hollerith family  Search this
Hollerith, Herman, 1860-1929  Search this
Garden Club of America  Search this
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Hollerith, Lucia Beverly, 1891-1982  Search this
Hollerith, Nannie Talcott, 1898-1985  Search this
Hollerith, Virginia  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Hollerith Family Slide Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HOL, File VA425
See more items in:
Hollerith Family slide collection
Hollerith Family slide collection / Gardens and Sites / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-hol-ref183

Grant and His Generals

Artist:
Ole Peter Hansen Balling, 13 Apr 1823 - 1 May 1906  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Casimer Devin, 10 Dec 1822 - 4 Apr 1878  Search this
George Armstrong Custer, 5 Dec 1839 - 25 Jun 1876  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, 14 Jan 1836 - 2 Dec 1881  Search this
William Hemsley Emory, 7 Sep 1811 - 1 Dec 1887  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan, 6 Mar 1831 - 5 Aug 1888  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson, 14 Nov 1828 - 22 Jul 1864  Search this
George Crook, 8 Sep 1830 - 21 Mar 1890  Search this
Wesley Merritt, 16 Jun 1834 - 3 Dec 1910  Search this
George Henry Thomas, 31 Jul 1816 - 28 Mar 1870  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren, 8 Jan 1830 - 8 Aug 1882  Search this
George Gordon Meade, 31 Dec 1815 - 6 Nov 1872  Search this
John Grubb Parke, 22 Sep 1827 - 16 Dec 1900  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman, 8 Feb 1820 - 14 Feb 1891  Search this
John Alexander Logan, 9 Feb 1826 - 26 Dec 1886  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside, 23 May 1824 - 13 Sep 1881  Search this
Joseph Hooker, 13 Nov 1814 - 31 Oct 1879  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock, 14 Feb 1824 - 9 Feb 1886  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins, 13 Feb 1831 - 6 Sep 1869  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord, 18 Oct 1818 - 22 Jul 1883  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr., 19 Feb 1821 - 9 Jul 1875  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry, 10 Nov 1827 - 16 Dec 1890  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum, 24 Sep 1827 - 14 Apr 1894  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis, 2 Mar 1828 - 30 Nov 1879  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard, 8 Nov 1830 - 26 Oct 1909  Search this
John McAllister Schofield, 29 Sep 1831 - 4 Mar 1906  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower, 22 Aug 1827 - 6 Jan 1870  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
58.4 x 92.7cm (23 x 36 1/2")
Frame: 100.3 x 134.6 x 12.7cm (39 1/2 x 53 x 5")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Military  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Exterior\Landscape\Battleground  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\Military  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Male  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Male  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Male  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Male  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Male  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
George Armstrong Custer: Male  Search this
George Armstrong Custer: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Male  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Male  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Male  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
George Crook: Male  Search this
George Crook: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Crook: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Male  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Male  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Male  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Male  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Male  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Literature\Writer  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronomer  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Male  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Male  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Male  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Male  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Male  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Male  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Male  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Murderer  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Male  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Male  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Male  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Male  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Library of Congress
Object number:
S/NPG.76.8
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cd13a643-a595-4087-9f32-2552768cd346
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.76.8

Thomas Jefferson

Artist:
Charles Bird King, 26 Sep 1785 - 18 Mar 1862  Search this
Copy after:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
Medium:
Oil on wood panel
Dimensions:
Frame (Verified): 72.4 x 65.4 x 8.6cm (28 1/2 x 25 3/4 x 3 3/8")
Stretcher: 57.2 × 48.3cm (22 1/2 × 19")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1836
Topic:
Thomas Jefferson: Male  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.92.110
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 240
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b06e3418-017d-48db-b764-7aa959ff06ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.92.110

Cession of Louisiana

Artist:
Constantino Brumidi, 26 Jul 1805 - 19 Feb 1880  Search this
Sitter:
Francois de Barbe-Marbois, 1745 - 1837  Search this
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831  Search this
Robert R. Livingston, 27 Nov 1746 - 26 Feb 1813  Search this
Medium:
Fresco
Dimensions:
180.3 x 342.9cm (71 x 135")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1875
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane  Search this
Printed Material\Map  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Mural  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Male  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Chancellor  Search this
James Monroe: Male  Search this
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Francois de Barbe-Marbois: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: U.S. Capitol
Object number:
DC990242
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48d3fda8b-da79-4022-9ed9-35ef87c8487e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DC990242

The Signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty

Artist:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter, 6 Dec 1867 - 10 Apr 1915  Search this
Sitter:
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831  Search this
Robert R. Livingston, 27 Nov 1746 - 26 Feb 1813  Search this
Francois de Barbe-Marbois, 1745 - 1837  Search this
Medium:
Plaster?
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1913
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Document  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Male  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Visual Arts\Founder\Art Museum  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Robert R. Livingston: Politics and Government\Chancellor  Search this
James Monroe: Male  Search this
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Francois de Barbe-Marbois: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Missouri Historical Society
Object number:
MO050344
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f41d1b6e-65ce-4cc3-bc1e-e5de7c661f98
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MO050344

Helen C. Rountree Lecture to Anthropological Society of Washington

Creator:
Rountree, Helen C., 1944-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Rountree, Helen C., 1944-  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (Duration: 120 minutes)
Container:
Item 12
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Speeches
Date:
1988 October 18-19
Collection Restrictions:
Materials related to interview notes are restricted until June 2025.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropological Society of Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Speeches
Collection Citation:
Helen C. Rountree Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Helen C. Rountree papers
Helen C. Rountree papers / Series 4: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2005-22-ref37
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Helen C. Rountree Lecture to Anthropological Society of Washington digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Robinson and Via Family Papers

Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Names:
Capital Transit Company (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Serenity Farm, Inc.  Search this
Howes, Grace Bourne, ?-1976  Search this
Robinson, Adina Theresa, 1963-  Search this
Robinson, Amanda Baden, 1849-1940  Search this
Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1892-1976  Search this
Robinson, Frank A., 1883-1970  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., 1841-1905  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Sr., 1932-  Search this
Robinson, Martha Walls, 1807-1897  Search this
Robinson, Robert David, 1962-  Search this
Robinson, Robert Henry, 1851-1937  Search this
Robinson, Thomas Wells, 1803-1869  Search this
Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1880-1961  Search this
Via, Adina Mae, 1937-1966  Search this
Via, Robert Delano, 1933-  Search this
Via, Robert Milton, 1906-1983  Search this
Creator:
Conner, Mary Robinson, 1930-2009  Search this
Via, Ida Virginia Woods, 1914-2010 -- 20th century  Search this
Extent:
23.1 Cubic feet (71 boxes, 3 map-size folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Correspondence
Photographs
Postcards
Baby books
Phonograph records
Postcard albums
Ephemera
School yearbooks
Diaries
Albums
Housebooks
Snapshots
Home movies
Family papers
Scrapbooks
Funeral registers
Cookbooks
Architectural drawings
Place:
Maryland -- Family farms
Washington (D.C.)
Prince George's County (Md.)
Arizona -- Motion pictures
Benedict (Md.)
Charles County (Md.) -- Family farms
Calvert County (Md.) -- Family farms
California -- Motion pictures
Bahamas -- Motion pictures
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Puerto Rico -- Motion pictures
Washington -- motion pictures
Oregon -- Motion pictures
Disneyland (California)
Brandywine (Md.)
St. Thomas, V.I. -- Motion pictures
Florida -- Motion pictures
United States of America -- Maryland -- Carroll County -- Westminster
United States of America -- Maryland -- Carroll County -- Marston
United States of America -- Maryland -- Carroll County -- New Windsor
Date:
1838-2017, undated
bulk 1872-1985
Summary:
Papers documenting the farming and family life of the Robinson family of Prince George's County and after 1975, Charles County, Maryland. Papers documenting the farming and family of the Via family of Greene County, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Prince George's and Calvert Counties, Maryland, by 1949.
Scope and Contents:
An extensive and comprehensive collection of papers relating to family, farming, and the Southern Maryland tobacco culture, the Robinson and Via Family Papers cover many aspects of family and farm life. The papers are particularly important in regard to the tobacco culture that defined Southern Maryland for generations. The papers concern two distinct family groups, the Robinson and Via families who are connected through the marriage of Franklin A. Robinson and Adina Mae Via. The papers consist of material generated by the Robinson and Via families in their personal and working lives and as farm owners and operators.

The papers are especially strong in 20th century material. They consist of various types of farm records: account books, bills, receipts, tenant farming agreements, ephemera, land rental and purchase agreements, insurance policies, photographs and 8mm and 16mm films of farming practices and procedures, equipment and landscapes, related to the farming of tobacco, small grains, and livestock. The personal records include diaries, letters both personal and business, greeting cards, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, high school yearbooks, baby books, house plans, recipe books, photographs and 8mm films of birthdays, holidays, weddings, baptisms, family occasions, and family travel, oral histories, and funeral ephemera including photographs, and transcription discs. Of particular interest are the "Serenity Farm Tobacco Production Photographs" documenting the crop year 1999-2000 and the films detailing agricultural practices. There is a memorandum book for Black Walnut Thicket, 1885-1901, the Baden farm in Baden, Prince George's County.

This collection includes a comprehensive range of 8mm and 16mm films and photographs documenting farming practices and landscapes as well as family gatherings, birthdays, holidays, and vacations. The researcher is alerted to the fact that in some cases with the memorandum and account books, books printed for a given year were often saved and used for subsequent years, some were dated, some were not.

The collection is divided into seven series arranged by subject and most often chronologically at folder level within each series.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1: Ferndale Farm (Potomac Landing), Prince George's County, Maryland, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.1: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, and publications, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.2: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, 1945-1960, undated

Subseries 1.3: Farm papers, bills, and receipts, 1960-1965, undated

Series 2: Robinson Family, 1845-2017, undated

Subseries 2.1: Family Papers and Publications, 1845-1993, undated

Subseries 2.2: Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1896-1961, undated

Subseries 2.3: Robinson, Frank A., 1899-1970, undated

Subseries 2.4: Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1841-1976, undated

Subseries 2.5: Conner, Mary Robinson, 1938-1985, undated

Subseries 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A., 1932-1997, undated

Subseries 2.6.1: Farming, 1948-1976, undated

Subseries 2.6.2: Financial, 1948-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6.3: 4-H and Future Farmers of America (FFA), 1945-1954, undated

Subseries 2.6.4: Travel, 1959-1970, undated

Subseries 2.7: Robinson, Jr., Franklin A., 1959-2001, undated

Series 3: Serenity Farm, Charles County, Maryland, 1962-2000, undated

Series 4: Via Farm, Calvert County, Maryland, 1954-1987, undated

Series 5: Via Family, 1932-2010, undated

Subseries 5.1: Family papers, 1941-1983, undated

Subseries 5.2: Via, Robert M., 1933-1987, undated

Subseries 5.3: Via, Ida Virginia, 1928-2010, undated

Subseries 5.4: Via, Robert D., 1933-1988, undated

Subseries 5.5: Robinson, Adina Via, 1937-1966, undated

Series 6: Photographs, Photographic Slides, and Photographic Negatives, 1860-2000, undated

Subseries 6.1: Photographs, 1872-2000, undated

Subseries 6.2: Photographic negatives, 1927--2000, undated

Subseries 6.3: Photographic Slides, 1955-1979, undated

Series 7: AudioVisual, 1943-1988
Biographical / Historical:
Robinson Family

The Robinson family is thought to be of Scottish origin and appear in the records of Prince George's County, Maryland by the early 18th century. The line has been definitively traced to James Robinson (?-1849). James' father was probably Benjamin Robinson (?-1810), of Prince George's County, Maryland. (Will Book TT1, pg. 15, Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Maryland State Archives (MSA))

James Robinson and Sarah Wynn were issued a marriage license on February 28, 1802 in Prince George's County, Maryland. (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland) Eleven children lived to maturity (not listed in birth order); Thomas Wells (1803-1869), Ann, Priscilla, James Monroe, Benjamin (1813-1882), John C. (1819-1895), Mary Sophia, Thomas Stanley (1800-1874), Alfred, Sarah Ann, Matilda, and Rebecca Maria.

James worked as overseer for Benjamin Oden on Oden's estate Bellefields near Upper Marlborough, Prince George's County. (Oden Papers, Maryland Historical Society) The Robinsons and their children, moved to Wood County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on April 18, 1818 where James acted as Oden's land agent (Deed Book 6, pg. 123, Land Records of Wood County, West Virginia). They brought with them three slaves described in the above reference as, "Kate a woman 45 years of age very black; Colonel a boy aged 8 years yellow complexion: and George a boy aged six years of a dark brown complexion." They settled on part of what was known as the "Burnt Mill" tract in the general area where the Hughes River meets the Little Kanawha River. (Deed Book 9, pg. 110 and Deed Book 14, pg. 40, Land Records of Wood County)

Thomas Wells Robinson may not have accompanied his family to Virginia as he has a presence in Prince George's County prior to 1822 and was employed as overseer for Benjamin Oden at least until 1832. He married Elizabeth I. Richards on December 15, 1829 (Robinson Family Bible). They had nine children; Richard Thomas (1831 1906), Rebecca Maria (1832-1895), Mary Wynn (1834-1916), James George (1835-1883), Virlinda Victoria (1837-1838), Elizabeth Ann (1839-1916), Sarah Ann Sophia (1840-1874), Franklin Alexander (1841-1905) and John Alfred (1843); seven lived to maturity. (Robinson Family Bible) Elizabeth died on August 17, 1843 from complications in childbirth. She was buried in the churchyard of Page's Chapel (later known as St. Thomas Episcopal Church), Croom, Prince George's County. In 1843, Thomas purchased the plantation of Dr. Benjamin B. Hodges for $10,000 or approximately $15 an acre. Hodges was a brother-in-law of Benjamin Oden. The deed dated September 7, 1843 describes the parcel as containing, "Six hundred and twenty nine acres of land more or less and constitute that plantation or Estate of the said Benjamin Oden heretofore commonly called "Brown's Quarter Place" being the Land tracts and parcels of land sold by the said Benjamin Oden to the said Benjamin B. Hodges and by deed bearing date the tenth day of December eighteen hundred and thirty five and recorded in Liber AB no. 10 folio 162 also one of the land Records of the County aforesaid". (JBB no. 3 pgs. 312 314, Land Records of Prince George's County) The land was level to rolling bordered on the north by a tributary of Piscataway Creek and generally termed "white oak land". Underlying the whole property was a large strata of gravel and sand. The entire parcel went by the name, Potomac Landing.

Thomas supplemented his land holdings with later purchases. With the exception of twenty acres purchased from Sarah Talbert in 1844, (JBB no. 3 pg. 475, Land Records of Prince George's County) and the purchase of lot #3 consisting of 195 acres, part of the estate of John Townshend in 1856, these purchases were not contiguous to Potomac Landing. By the time of his death in 1869 these non-contiguous parcels had been sold. Thomas sold eighty-six acres of Potomac Landing and Jeffries to Edward Eversfield in October of 1843. (JBB no. 3, pg. 198, Land Records of Prince George's County) On January 13, 1846 Thomas married the widow Martha Ann Walls, daughter of George and Martha Naylor Walls. They had two sons; Benjamin Wells (1848-1849) and Robert Henry (1851-1937).

In addition to his sons, Thomas owned slaves. The number varied from six in 1849 (JBB 6, folio 186, Land Records of Prince Georges' County) to eleven as noted in the census for 1850, and finally six as noted in the census of 1860. The 1867 Maryland Slave Statistics noted that, "at the time of the adoption of the Constitution of Maryland, in the year 1864, . . ." Thomas owned six slaves, their names and ages being; Isaac Franklin age 31, Alfred West age 19, Susan West age 17, Margaret Franklin age 14, Fannie Franklin age 12, and Peter Franklin age 9. All were noted as being in good physical condition. (Prince Georges' County Slave Statistics 1867 1869, C 1307 1, MdHR:6198, page 185, MSA)

In April 11, 1855 Thomas excuted a deed of trust to J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore for securing a loan. At that time the farm was described as, "about five hundred and seventy acres . . . also the following personal property to wit Eight head of horses, nine cows, two mules, twelve work oxen, twenty Eight Sheep, one bull, two colts and all other stock of every description now on the aforesaid land, also the farming utensils and the following named Slaves, Stephen aged Sixty three years, Isaac aged twenty six years, Elvia aged twenty Eight years Alfred aged twelve years, Hanson aged ten years, Henrietta aged twelve years Susanna aged eight years, and Margaret aged three years. Together with the crop of Tobacco now in the house and the crop of wheat now growing." (EWB 1 pages 155 156, Land Records of Prince Georges' County)

Thomas's financial problems began in the mid-1800s when Deeds of Trust appear in the county records securing outstanding loans. In 1856 and 1857 Thomas joined with others as bondsman for his son, Richard who was serving as "Collector of the State and County Taxes" for the 4th collection district, making he and the other signatories liable for any uncollected taxes. This, coupled with poor investments, led to his almost being "sold out" in 1859-1860 by J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore to pay his debts. He executed three drafts on Penn & Mitchell, also of Baltimore, to pay off J.W. & E. Reynolds. (Equity Case #597, Prince Georges' County) Thomas was in poor health and his son James managed the plantation in 1857 and 1858, and again from 1861 to October of 1862 (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County)

In October of 1862 Thomas' two sons, James and Franklin, traveled to Richmond to join the Confederate States Army. James enrolled in the 5th Battalion, Local Defense Arsenal and Franklin enrolled in the 5th Virginia Infantry, the Stonewall Brigade. (CSA Military Records, National Archives) James visited home frequently but was captured by the Union Army in St. Mary's County, Maryland on May 15, 1864 and spent the remainder of the war in Point Lookout Prison Camp. He was released on May 14, 1865. Franklin was not able to visit home at all during the war but survived to return home in 1865. In 1865, Thomas surveyed a parcel of 172 acres for his daughter Rebecca Maria. Rebecca had married her second cousin, William B. Robertson, on November 18, 1855. He made a gift of fifty acres, and Rebecca agreed to purchase the remainder. The Robertsons named this parcel Holly Grove. In Equity Case #849 (1872) filed after Thomas' death, his widow Martha and Samuel H. Berry, as executrix and executor, sought to recover payment for this land. At that time, William B. Robertson described this 172 acres of Potomac Landing: "There was no fences on the line which separated this land from the old gentleman's land, but he was to put a fence on it which he agreed to do before we agreed to come there. The land was thin, unimproved, with gullies and scrubby pine. If witness had been a judge of land he would not have given five dollars for it. All the improvements were one comfortable quarter the other indifferent with a poor oak shingle roof, worn out which made it not tenantable." Further along in his testimony, William gave an account of a conversation, "In a few days my father in law Thos. W. Robinson came to Washington and told me there his children had returned from the South, his two sons, that his debts were small and he was a happy man." Rebecca and William built a house on the property, a side-hall, double parlor plan that most likely her brother James was builder. They also built accompanying farm structures. (Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Equity Case #849, MSA)

Thomas' son, Franklin, managed the farm after the War. In December 1868 Thomas entered into a sharecropping agreement with Edward Hanson, an African-American. After about a year-long illness, on May 16, 1869, Thomas died, deeply in debt. He was buried beside Elizabeth in the graveyard at St. Thomas' Church. He named as executrix his wife, Martha, and his friend and lawyer, Samuel H. Berry, as executor. His will divided the farm into thirds, one third going to his wife and their son Robert Henry, one third to his son James, and one third to his son Franklin. The land was surveyed according to the will. His personal property was sold but not enough profit was realized to pay off his creditors. The Commissioners of Prince George's County sued the estate on behalf of Thomas' creditors. The outcome was that in 1876 the property was sold at public auction. The Notice of Sale dated September 1, 1876 in the local county newspaper, The Prince Georgian, describes the farm as, "containing 514 2/3 acres More or less. The Improvements consist of a SMALL DWELLING, Three Barns, Stabling, and other necessary outbuildings. It is well wooded and watered, and the soil of fair quality. It has recently been divided into three lots and will be offered in lots, a description of which will be given at the time of sale." The sale was held on September 27, 1876, Lot No. 1 was purchased by Robert for $6.00 an acre, Lot #2 was purchased by Franklin for $5.00 an acre and Lot #3 was purchased by James for $4.00 per acre. Robert and Franklin eventually paid off their mortgage, but James defaulted on his purchase and later moved to St. Mary's County, Maryland. His portion later came to be owned by the Hawkins family, some members who had worked on the Robinson farm. (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County, MSA)

Lot #1, purchased by Robert from his fathers' estate, consisted of 177-1/3 acres, including the dwelling and farm buildings. On July 24, 1872, he married Amanda Malvina Baden (1849-1940), daughter of Robert W. G. and Margaret Caroline Early Baden. The Baden and Early families were both prominent south county families. Robert and Amanda had eight children; Caroline Early (1873 1967), Lucy Tennent (1875 1958), Albert Henry (1878 1914), Martha Perry (1880 1961), Robert Gover (1882 1882), Frank Alexander (1883 1970), Margaret Baden (1886 1956) and Grace Malvina (1889 1965).

By 1880 Robert had paid off his debt on the property and was fully engaged in farming. Unlike his father, or perhaps because of his father, Robert did not add to his land holdings, choosing to remain relatively debt free for his lifetime. The only land transactions he participated in were the sales of 79-3/4 acres in 1921 of Amanda's inheritance from her father and her interest in two smaller parcels of her father's land sold in 1894 and 1928 respectively. In 1928 he transferred 3.09 acres to his son Frank.

As late as the Federal census of 1880, Franklin was living with Robert and his household, both men engaged in farming. Sometime after 1880, Franklin took up residence on his part of Potomac Landing. His brother James most likely built the side-hall double parlor house that copied the main house at Potomac Landing. On February 18, 1897, Martha Robinson, died at the age of ninety. She was buried in the graveyyard of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden, Prince George's County. Robert continued cultivation of tobacco and small grains as his father before him. The first reference to the farm being named Ferndale is found in the "Communion Record" of Robert's daughter, Martha Perry "Pattie", dated 1896. (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The exact origin or reason for this new name is lost but perhaps the name Potomac Landing held such bitter memories of debt and hardship that, as a symbolic break with the past, a new name was found. It also may have simply been a way to distinguish this portion of Potomac Landing from the others. The farm continued to be listed on tax bills as Potomac Landing well into the 20th century, but was known to the general public and businesses as the Ferndale Farm. (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Robert served as deputy inspector at the State Tobacco Warehouse in Baltimore for eight years under W.B. Bowie. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Bank of Brandywine. In July of 1905, Franklin died, a bachelor farmer. He was buried facing south in the graveyard of the Church of the Atonement, Cheltenham, (a chapel in St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish) where he had served as vestryman, treasurer, and cemetery custodian. Franklin died intestate and a lengthy process of dividing his estate began. This resulted in the sale of his part of Potomac Landing (Lot #2) in July 1908 to William E. Boswell. The court declared Robert ineligible for any inheritance due to his being " . . . a brother of the half blood." The Boswell family later sold the property to the Billingsley family of St. Mary's County. (Equity Case 3209, Prince George's County)

In 1910, after living in the farm's original home for approximately sixty seven years, the Robinson family built a new home. It was described in a 1956 insurance policy as, "2 story, frame, metal roof, 16x43, wing 14x28, 9 rooms." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The house design was a simple Victorian with plastered walls, and lit by carbide gas. Electrical lighting was installed in 1951. The house was built with monies from Robert and Amanda, and their son Frank, who served as builder and contractor.

On Tuesday March 9, 1937, "During a celebration in honor of his wifes birthday anniversary, Mr. Robinson collapsed at the table and died immediately without a word or a sigh." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) Robert was buried beside his mother in the cemetery at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden.

At Robert's death, Ferndale Farm was valued at $30.00 an acre, the total acreage, 174 acres, being valued in the whole at $5,220.00. Robert died intestate, again the fate of the land was in question. He left eight heirs, his widow, Amanda, six of his children and his son Albert Henry's only surviving child, R. Henry Robinson. Rather than have the farm sold and his mother's life disrupted, Frank purchased the estate and personal property from the heirs. Before this could take place, a deed had to be granted the heirs for the property since one had never been recorded after the 1876 sale. Equity case 873 was reopened sixty-two years after its supposed resolution. Frank testified, "over a period of about thirty years I would on a number of occasions, talk about the fact that he had purchased and paid for this property and that a deed had never been executed to him and [he] kept saying he was going to have someone straighten this matter out for him." It was discovered that Robert had fully paid for his part of Potomac Landing. On February 14, 1938 the farm was deeded from Amanda along with Robert''s heirs to Frank. (Book 499, page 334, Land Records of Prince George's County) According to the deed and a 1937 fire insurance policy the farm consisted of 177 1/3 acres, "1 two story dwelling, one tenant house, 1 barrack, 1 tobacco barn, 1 corn house & cow stable, 1 Stable, and 1 Granary & Stable." (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Frank A. Robinson, now the sole owner of Ferndale Farm, was born August 17, 1883. He learned farming and in addition took up the trade of builder and contractor. As a young man, he worked in the general store of his uncle Robert Baden. He was the contractor for the first Bank of Brandywine and many homes in and around the town of Brandywine, including the home of his cousin Robert E. Baden, DDS. He was secretary of the Building Committee for construction of the Chapel of the Incarnation in Brandywine, a mission chapel for St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish. His success in the building trade gave him disposable income that he invested in land. His first purchase was in August, 1915 of a 2-9/100 acre of land in Brandywine that was being sold by the Board of County School Commissioners; the purchase price was $300. In March 1916 he purchased 38.09 acres of his Uncle Franklin's farm. This property adjoined Ferndale Farm. Over the next fifty-four years of his life, Frank bought and sold many pieces of real estate. Perhaps his most significant purchases were: 18-1/3 acres purchased from The German American Colonization Land Company of Maryland in October 1915 (Book 115, pg. 140, Land Records of Prince George's County); 147.99 acres purchased from August and Wilhelmina Noltensmeir in December 1917 (Book 129, pg. 263, Land Records of Prince George's County) and 320 acres called the Vineyard purchased from William M. Wilson in March 1928. Frank used these three parcels as collateral for other purchases. Never once did he mortgage Ferndale Farm, insuring that no matter what financial stormy seas might blow, his home was secure. Over the course of his life, especially in the case of the Noltensmeir farm, when cash was needed a parcel of land would be surveyed off and sold. He inherited his grandfather Thomas' love of land but had fortunately developed a shrewd business sense to go along with it.

On November 20, 1929, he married Elizabeth Freeland Bourne, daughter of Joseph Blake and Maria Gantt Bourne of Calvert County, Maryland. They had three children: Mary Elizabeth (1930-2009), Franklin Alexander (1932), and Robert Lee (1935-1997). In addition to his construction business he continued farming, raising tobacco, hay, and small grains. He engaged in sharecropping with tenants on his various properties. He was active in community affairs serving on the Board of The Maryland Tobacco Growers Association (MTGA), the Vestry of St. Thomas Parish, and as sheriff of Brandywine. On January 9, 1940 Amanda Baden Robinson died. She was buried next to her husband at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden. In February 1958, Frank and Elizabeth conveyed 1.57 acres of Ferndale Farm to son Franklin where he and his fiancée, Adina M. Via, were building their new home prior to their marriage in July of that same year.

The booming economy and suburbanization of the Washington metropolitan area in the early 1960's led to the high quality gravel lying beneath Ferndale into becoming a valuable commodity. In October 1962, Franklin and his parents granted a three-year lease to William C. Nolte for mining sand and gravel on the Ferndale Farm at .174 per yard. (Book 2747, pg. 11, Land Records of Prince George's County) From now until 1975 when the property was sold, gravel would be mined from under the farm by various companies. In November 1962, Elizabeth and Frank transferred to Franklin the 38.09 acres Frank had purchased from Fitzhugh Billingsley in 1916. (Book 2754, pg. 99, Land Records of Prince George's County) That same year they transferred 6.754 acres, part of the Vineyard, to son Robert and his wife Lois, (Book 2765, pg. 201, Land Records of Prince George's County)

On December 28, 1965, Frank and Elizabeth participated in a land exchange/purchase of the farm of Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown located along the Patuxent River in Benedict, Charles County, Maryland. Franklin had rented this farm the year before and was impressed enough by its location and arability to work out a purchase. Frank and Elizabeth traded 65.9920 acres that would eventually become Franklin's under Frank's will. On February 21, 1966 they deeded the Charles County farm to Franklin and Adina. Adina named this property Serenity Farm. The property consisted of 480.66 acres. (Liber 179, page 708 etc., Land Records of Charles County)

On February 5, 1970, after a short illness, Frank died at Cafritz Memorial Hospital. He was buried at St. Paul's Episcopal Church near his parents. In his will, probated March 4, 1970 he left thirty acres of the property purchased from the German American Land Company and A. Noltensmeir to Elizabeth. He willed forty acres of the same parcel to daughter Mary Robinson Conner. The remainder of Ferndale Farm was willed to Franklin and the remaining acreage of the Vineyard was left to Robert Lee. Franklin Alexander Robinson was born August 13, 1932 at the Garfield Hospital in Washington, D.C.. He received his schooling in the public school system of Prince George's County, graduating from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. He was a charter member of Gwynn Park's chapter of The Future Farmers of America. He was extremely active in FFA, achieving the Degree of Maryland Farmer in 1950 and their highest award, the Degree of American Farmer at their convention in Kansas City, Missouri in October 1953. He obtained his private pilots license in 1954. He entered the United States Army in February 1955 and went through basic training at Camp Gordon, Augusta, Georgia. After basic training he was transferred to Camp Hanford, Washington State. There he worked part time on the farm of Dick and Theresa Laurent during his off duty hours and began a lifelong friendship with them. He returned home to farming on an agricultural discharge in October of 1956. On July 27, 1958 he married his high school sweetheart, Adina Mae Via, daughter of Robert Milton and Virginia Woods Via. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962), and Adina Theresa (1963).

Franklin continued expanding and improving the farming operation by modern methods and means. At times, he farmed over one thousand acres, both owned and rented. On February 21, 1966, his parents deeded their purchase of the Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown farm in Benedict to he and Adina, later known as Serenity Farm Franklin and Adina engaged an architect to draft house plans for an anticipated new residence. A small A frame vacation home was built on the property so the family could spend weekends there.

On December 14, 1966, after a long illness, Adina died from complications associated with Hodgkin's Disease. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Waldorf, Charles County. Franklin married Margaret Walker Lennox (nee Tallen, known as Rita) on August 21, 1970 (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland). This marriage ended in divorce in 1977. There were no children from this marriage.

On July 14, 1975 the Robinson family, Franklin, his second wife, Margaret, her daughter Margaret W. Lennox, Franklin, Jr., R. David, A. Theresa and Elizabeth B. Robinson, moved to Serenity Farm. On July 17, 1975 Franklin and Elizabeth sold the remaining acreage of Ferndale Farm to Brandywine Sand and Gravel, thus ending 131 years of ownership by the Robinson family. Elizabeth Bourne Robinson died on July 15, 1976 and was buried beside her husband at St. Paul's Church, Baden. Franklin married Hiltrud (Ceddie) Harris (nee Sedlacek) on July 15, 1978. (Robinson Family Bible) This marriage ended in divorce in 1986. There were no children from this marriage. Franklin married Diedre Gale Merhiage on April 19, 1989; this marriage ended in divorce in 1997. There were no children from this marriage. He married Remelda Henega Buenavista on January 13, 2007.

The Robinson family continue day-to-day operations of Serenity Farm. The land is well suited to the growing of tobacco and small grains, which crops, (with the exception of tobacco) along with a flock of sheep, are cultivated there to the present time. After the crop year 2001 the Robinson family took the tobacco buyout program offered by the state of Maryland and ceased growing tobacco. Franklin is active in farming and community affairs having served on the vestry of St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of Directors of MTGA, the Board of the Production Credit Association, the Boards of three schools, Holy Trinity Day School, Queen Anne School, and Calverton School, and numerous other organizations. Currently the farm consists of approximately 275 acres. In 1981 a state agricultural land preservation district of 222.755 acres was created. This was the first such district in Charles County and one of the first in the state of Maryland.

In 1985, R. David began a greenhouse business for the sale of spring flowering bedding plants and hanging baskets but currently works in conjunction with Farming 4 Hunger to grow produce for local area foodbanks. A. Theresa is involved in the daily running of the farm along with Franklin. Franklin, Jr., obtained a BFA degree in Drama from The Catholic University of America in 1981 and an MA from The American University in Film and Video Production in 1988. He was a civilian employee of the United States Air Force (USAF) from November 1981 to January 1986. He pursued a full time career as a professional actor from 1986-2007 and is a published author and produced playwright. The three siblings have been involved in community affairs, with R. David sitting on the Charles County Agricultural Preservation Board, A. Theresa having served on the vestry of Trinity Episcopal Parish, Charles County, and Franklin, Jr. having served on the vestries of both Trinity Parish and St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of the Washington Literacy Council, a choir member of the choir at St. Thomas Church, among other church related posts and as chair of the Charles County Historic Preservation Commission.

Via Family

The Via family traces its origins to the colony of Virginia, where the probable progenitor of the line, Amer Via, a French Huguenot, settled in Manakin Town, Albemarle County between 1670-1700. It is impossible to trace the Via line definitively due to the loss of Virginia county records during the Civil War.

The Via family line covered in this collection can be definitively traced to William Via of Fredericksville Parish, Louisa (later Albemarle) County, Virginia. The William Via family lived west of the present day town of Whitehall at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains, an area commonly known as Sugar Hollow. William Via III served in the Virginia Line during the Revolutionary War. He married Mary Craig, daughter of Thomas Craig and Jane Jameson, on March 17, 1784. William died on June 27, 1836, in Albemarle County (Rev. War Pension Appl. 6363, National Archives). His son Thomas married Sally, widow Griffin, on January 1, 1811 (Albemarle County Marriage Records). Their son, Hiram Karl Via (1812-1893), married Harriet Ardenia Naylor by license dated March 7, 1836 (Albemarle County Marriage Records).

Hiram and Harriet's son, Robert St. Clair Via (1844-1925), served as a private in Company I, 7th Virginia Infantry of the Confederate States Army (CSA Military Service Records, National Archives). After the war he married his first cousin, Mary Frances Naylor, daughter of Samuel Chapman Naylor and Eliza Jane Gardner, on April 3, 1866 in Rockingham County (Rockingham County, Virginia, Marriage Records). Sometime between 1870 and 1872, they moved to Linn County, Missouri, and settled about seven miles from the town of Bucklin. Their son, Hiram Chapman Via (1872-1933), was born there. In 1893, the family returned to Virginia, and settled on a farm in Greene County near the town of Stanardsville.

Hiram Chapman Via operated a mill as well as a farm. On March 15, 1899, he married Adina Eleanor Eusebia Runkle, daughter of Milton D. L. Runkle and Roberta A. Beadles (Greene County, Virginia, Marriage Records). They had three children: Bernice Olive (1902-1999), Robert Milton (1906-1983), and Deward Daniel (1909-1977).

Robert moved to Washington, D.C.. In December 1927 he began employment with the Capitol Traction Company as a streetcar conductor (Robinson and Via Family Papers). During the early 1930s, Robert rented a townhouse at 715 A St., SE, where he lived with his sister Bernice V. McMullan and her son, William C. McMullan; his brother and sister in law, and his parents. Next door, at 717, lived the Moses Albright family, including Moses's stepdaughter Ida Virginia Woods (1914-2010), daughter of Jesse Lee Woods (1894-1918) and Donna Mae Barker (1896-1928) of Frederick County, Maryland. Robert and Virginia began a courtship and on September 3, 1932 were married in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland (Frederick County, Maryland, Marriage Records).

After their marriage, Robert and Virginia lived in various locations in the Washington metropolitan area. Their first child, Robert Delano, was born on March 24, 1933, and their second child, Adina Mae, was born on April 12, 1937. Virginia was employed outside the home while her children were in school. Her first job before her marriage had been with Woolworth's in Martinsburg, WV working the candy counter and then before the birth of her son at The Hecht Company on F St. in Washington, D.C.. After her marriage she worked briefly for the United States Postal Service in Capitol Heights, Maryland. Beginning in the 1950s, she worked for Charles of the Ritz as a receptionist in their beauty salon located in Woodward & Lothrop's F Street store in Washington, D.C.. She also worked as salon manager at the Charles of the Ritz salons in the Woodward & Lothrop stores in Seven Corners, Virginia, and Chevy Chase, Maryland. She retired due to health reasons in 1973.

On September 10, 1941, Robert and Virginia purchased Lot #43 in Woodlane subdivision in Prince George's County. (Book 619, pg. 12, Land Records of Prince George's County) A house was designed for them for this lot by Clyde E. Phillips. They did not construct a home on this property due to the outbreak of World War II. Robert, due to his employment in public transportation, did not serve with the Armed Services in World War II. On October 18, 1946, they purchased approximately thirty acres bordering on Burch's Creek near the towns of Clinton, also know as Surrattsville, and T.B. in Prince George's County from Joseph H. and M. Pauline Blandford. (Book 873, pg. 483, Land Records of Prince George's County) Over the next three years, hiring private contractors, doing work themselves, and with the help of Robert's brother Deward, they built the two story house designed by Phillips in 1941. They moved to the farm from Capitol Heights in 1949. Robert raised hogs, small grains and a crop of tobacco yearly on this farm and also maintained his job with Capitol Transit (formerly Capitol Traction). In 1954, Robert and Virginia purchased a farm of approximately 150 acres in Island Creek, Calvert County, Maryland. The intention was for Robert and his son to enter into a full time farming operation on expanded acreage. Robert D. Via, known as Delano, graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. Delano was a part-time farmer and pursued a career as a country and western singer with Bashful Bob and the Rhythm Rangers, he being Bashful Bob. He was employed in various jobs, and began a tour in the Army in 1953. By the time the Via family moved to Calvert County in 1956, he decided to pursue careers other than farming. He eventually traveled and worked in various parts of the United States. He married first Delores Cooper, second Gloria J. Irick, and finally Candice Marinelli in December 1974, they had two children, Robert Marin (1975) and Kirstin Marin (1976).

On June 1, 1956 Robert resigned from his position at Capitol Transit due to health reasons. He and his family moved to the farm in Island Creek, Calvert County where he began full time farming. He and Virginia sold the thirty-acre farm in Prince George's County on June 21, 1956 to Melvin C. and Geraldine H. Rardia. (Book 2003, pg. 564, Land Records of Prince George's County) Virginia continued her employment with Charles of the Ritz. Adina, now a graduate of Gwynn Park High School, was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs, Maryland. They both commuted daily from Calvert County to their places of employment.

Robert farmed in Calvert County, raising hogs, cattle, small grains and tobacco. Over the course of the next twenty-seven years, Robert and Virginia sold smaller parcels off the farm. In 1974, Robert and Virginia built a small retirement home designed for them by Calvert Masonry Contractors. Robert died on December 22, 1983. He was buried beside his daughter Adina in Trinity Memorial Gardens. At the time of Robert's death, the farm consisted of 28.694 acres. In 1998, Virginia deeded the remainder of the farm, then less than six acres, to her grandson, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. who sold all but a one-acre lot in April 1999.

Virginia continued to live on the farm in Calvert County, maintaining a small herd of cattle. In the fall of 1989 Franklin, Jr. went to live with her. In 1993, the onset of Alzheimer's Disease required her to move to Serenity Farm and take up residence with her granddaughter A. Theresa. Virginia participated in various studies on Alzheimer's Disease conducted by the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland beginning in 1992. She was profiled in the September 1997 issue of Washingtonian Magazine. In October of 1998 she moved to All American Senior Care in Brandywine, Maryland and in 1999 she moved to Morningside, an elderly care facility in Waldorf, Maryland. In 2002, she moved to St. Mary's Nursing Center in Leonardtown, Maryland. The remainder of the farm was sold in 1999 and 2002. She died January 14, 2010 and was buried at Trinity Memorial Gardens in Waldorf.

Adina Mae Via was born April 12, 1937 at the Homeopathic Hospital in Washington, D.C.. Adina grew up in Washington, D.C. attending public schools. She moved with her family to the Burch's Creek farm, Prince George's County, in 1949. She enrolled in the Prince George's County school system, and graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June of 1955. After graduation, she was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs.

In July of 1956, she moved with her family to the Via farm in Island Creek, Calvert County. On July 27, 1958 she married Franklin A. Robinson at the Chapel of the Incarnation. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962) and Adina Theresa (1963). In the fall of 1958, she and Franklin took up residence in the home they had built on Ferndale Farm. She resigned from her position with the USAF in 1959.

On December 14, 1966, at Providence Hospital in Washington, DC, Adina died from complications due to Hodgkin's Disease. She had been battling this disease for many years prior to her death. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Charles County.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The Maryland Historical Society holds items (costume, farming related implements) related to the Robinson and Via families.
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry (Agriculture Collection) holds agricultural implements and artifacts associated with both the Robinson farms and the Via farm; the Division of Home and Community Life holds clothing, textiles (crib quilt), jewelry, cosmetics and Adina M. Robinson's sewing box and dress patterns; (Costume and Textiles Collection). See accession numbers: 1989.0688, 1990.0394, 1991.0010; 1991.0722, 1992.0184, 1992.0283, 1992.0321, 1992.0474, 1992.3106, 1994.0064, 1994.0304, 1997.0327, 1998.0038, 1998.0129, 2001.0196, 2002.0087, 2003.0015, 2005.0009.

Division of Armed Forces History (National Numismatics Collection) holds the Robert M. Via Trolley Token Collection.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center, by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., in November 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Farms -- Maryland  Search this
Holidays  Search this
Amusement parks -- California  Search this
Children's parties  Search this
Rural women  Search this
Sheep ranches  Search this
Parks -- California  Search this
Rural families  Search this
Tobacco -- Harvesting  Search this
Tobacco -- Storage  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Street-railroads -- Employees  Search this
Travel  Search this
Urban transportation  Search this
Work and family  Search this
Tobacco curing  Search this
Women in agriculture  Search this
Farm equipment  Search this
Farm buildings  Search this
Family recreation  Search this
Family festivals  Search this
Farm ownership  Search this
Farm life -- 20th century  Search this
Farm management  Search this
Illiterate persons  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Students  Search this
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Family farms  Search this
Easter  Search this
Electric railroads  Search this
Acting -- 1980-2000  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Agricultural machinery  Search this
Agriculture -- 20th century -- Maryland  Search this
Tobacco farmers  Search this
Housewives -- United States  Search this
Weddings  Search this
Farmers  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Photographs -- 20th century
Postcards
Baby books
Phonograph records
Postcard albums
Ephemera
School yearbooks
Diaries
Albums
Housebooks
Photographs -- 19th century
Snapshots
Home movies
Family papers
Scrapbooks
Funeral registers
Cookbooks
Architectural drawings
Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0475
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0475
Online Media:

Diary

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref166
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Serenity Farm Tobacco Production Photographs

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 32
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
1999-2000
Scope and Contents:
These work photographs were taken by A. Theresa Robinson (b. 1963) and Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. (b. 1959) during the 1999-2000 tobacco production year. Serenity Farm produced between thirty and seventy acres of tobacco per year, approximately 2/3 of that amount being grown by the Robinson family and 1/3 being grown by a tenant farmer, George H. Morgan. Labor for tobacco production was a combination of family and seasonal hired help, mostly from Calvert County, Maryland. In 2001, Serenity Farm opted to take the Maryland state tobacco buyout program, thus their last crop year was 2000-2001. The Robinson family had been engaged in tobacco production since at least 1745 in both Prince Georges County and Charles County, Maryland. Robert Henry Robinson served as the Deputy State Tobacco Inspector in the early 20th century.

Frame #Sheet A, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.

AO A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

A1 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance. Tenant farmer George W. Morgans fields and equipment are to the left of the road leading down to the Patuxent River.

A2 Panorama including A0 and A1.

A3 Looking south-east, a newly planted tobacco field, planted with type 32 Maryland tobacco.

A4 A broader view of A3.

A5 An International 484 tractor pulling a four seat tobacco planter with water tank and fertilizer attachments.

A6 Rear view of A5.

A7 Bert Henson, Dale Young and Rosie Kyler playing poker between planting while water and fertilizer are being refilled in the tobacco planter.

A8 The tobacco planter at the end of the row, tractor driven by Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

A9-10 Loading tobacco plants into the planter.

A11 Bert Henson and Rosie Kyler loading tobacco plants onto the planter for transplanting.

A12 Looking north, the trailer used to haul tobacco plants (left) and the trailer used to haul fertilizer. Chalk Point power generating plant in the background.

A13 Looking east, Dale Young, Rosie Kyler, Carlo White and Bert Henson waiting to begin transplanting.

A14 Dale Young, Rosie Kyler, Carlo White and Bert Henson transplanting.

A15 A wider view of A14.

A16 A Styrofoam flat of Maryland Type 32 tobacco plants. (Plants were grown by Buddy Hance of Calvert County, Maryland.)

A17-18 An empty Styrofoam flat and a full flat of Maryland Type 32 tobacco plants.

A19 Flats of tobacco plants loaded onto the trailer for hauling.

A20 A Maryland Type 32 tobacco plant ready to be transplanted.

A21 An International 484 tractor pulling a four seat tobacco planter with water tank and fertilizer attachments driven by Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

A22 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. seated on the tractor, replanting in the background.

A23-24 Replanting missed tobacco plants.

A24a/25 Bert Henson replanting.

Sheet B, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. and A. Theresa Robinson

B0 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

B1 A field of tobacco after cultivation.

B2 A close-up of B1.

B3 A. Theresa Robinson cultivating tobacco on an International H tractor with a shade umbrella attached.

B4 A close-up of B3.

B5 A rear view of B3.

B6 Looking west, A. Theresa Robinson cultivating tobacco with a 1942, International H tractor with a shade umbrella attached.

B7 Looking south-west, Rosie Kyler, Bert Henson and Dale Young grassing (hoeing grass from between the plants) tobacco after the field has been tractor cultivated.

B8 A view of the tobacco field looking north-west, the farm buildings and houses are in the distance.

B9 A closer view of B7.

B10 Stefan Brown topping tobacco.

B11 A field of tobacco in full flower prior to topping.

B12-14 Stefan Brown topping tobacco.

B15-16 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. spraying tobacco with MG-30 for sucker control and Orthene for worm control, after the tobacco has been topped. He is riding a DeCloet sprayer.

B17 A topped and sprayed field of tobacco looking south.

B18-21 Looking south, Virginia L. Robinson driving the stick trailer, Joseph F. Vermillion and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. dropping tobacco sticks along the layrows of cut tobacco.

B22 Virginia L. Robinson driving the tractor pulling the stick trailer.

B23 Looking west, loading speared tobacco onto a trailer to be hauled to the tobacco curing barn. An International 3788 tractor is pulling the trailer.

B24-25 Bert Henson, Willard White and Stefan Brown loading speared tobacco on the trailer to be hauled to the tobacco curing barn.

Sheet C, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson

C0-1 Bert Henson loading tobacco to be hauled to the curing barn.

C2 A wider view of C0-1 described above.

C3 Looking west, cutting tobacco for spearing.

C4 Dale Young, Douglas Brooks, and Bert Henson cutting tobacco for spearing.

C5 Douglas Brooks, and Mack Thomas cutting tobacco for spearing.

C6 Mack Thomas, Douglas Brooks and Rosie Kyler cutting tobacco for spearing.

C7 Dale Young cutting tobacco for spearing.

C8 The crew loading tobacco to be hauled to the curing barn.

C9-11 Robert D. Robinson cutting tobacco into a layrow for spearing.

C12 Brother Larry Maick and Robert D. Robinson hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C13 The crew hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C14 Rosie Kyler (left) and Dale Young hanging tobacco in the curing barn.

C15 Brother Larry Maick hanging tobacco and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. in the curing barn.

C16 The tobacco field, looking east, piles of tobacco waiting to be hauled to the curing barn. At right, the crew is spearing tobacco onto sticks.

C17-19 Douglas Brooks and Stefan Brown spearing tobacco.

C20 Bert Henson, Douglas Brooks, and Stefan Brown loading tobacco for hauling to the curing barn.

C21 Dale Young and Willard White spearing tobacco.

C22 Rosie Kyler spearing tobacco.

C23 Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. on the last day of harvest, 1999.

C24 Franklin A. Robinson in front of curing tobacco hanging in the curing barn.

Sheet D, photographed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.

D0 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance.

D1 A view looking east from the main house of the tobacco fields and farm equipment at Serenity Farm. The Patuxent River is in the distance. Tenant farmer, George W. Morgans fields and equipment are to the left of the road leading down to the Patuxent River.

D2 A view of the barnyard and main house area from the tobacco field.

D3 Looking north-east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D4 Looking north-west, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D5 Looking east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest.

D6 Looking north-east, a view of the tobacco field after harvest. A view of the tobacco barns and farm house is in the background.

D7 End of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999, left to right, Rosie Kyler, Stefan Brown and April Hart.

D8 End of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999. Left to right, Russell White, Douglas Brooks, Robert D. Robinson (on phone) and Dale Young.

D9-10 Russell White tending the barbecue, end of harvest picnic/celebration, 1999.

D11 A. Theresa Robinson and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. making out paychecks for the help.

D12 End of harvest picnic/celebration 1999, Left to right, Dale Young, A. Theresa Robinson, Russell White, Stefan Brown, Emory Thomas and Franklin A. Robinson, Sr.

D13 A. Theresa Robinson making out the paychecks for the help.

D14 Pallets of tobacco sticks, the curing barn in the background has its windows open to facilitate curing.

D15 A pile of cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

D16-23 Ambrose Man Kyler, Douglas Brooks, Dale Young, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. and A. Theresa Robinson taking down cured tobacco for stripping.

D24 A. Theresa Robinson holding up a stick of cured tobacco.

D25 Piles of cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

D26, D28 Dale Young passing two sticks of cured tobacco to A. Theresa Robinson.

D27 A. Theresa Robinson packing down sticks of cured tobacco to prevent them from drying out.

D29-30 Stripped and baled tobacco waiting to be taken to market.

D31-32 Peaceable Kingdom? Box Car (cat) and Liberty (dog) at rest.

D33, D35, D37 Ambrose Kyler, Douglas Brooks, Dale Young, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. and A. Theresa Robinson taking down sticks of cured tobacco to be stripped.

D34, D36 A view of the curing barn with hanging sticks of cured tobacco.

Sheet E, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2000

E0A Hacks of stripped tobacco waiting to be unloaded at the tobacco market/auction warehouse in Waldorf, Maryland.

E1A-2A Unloading hacks of tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse.

E3A An interior view of the Hughesville tobacco warehouse with hacks of tobacco in the foreground.

E4A A traditional hack of tobacco at the warehouse.

E5A James Bowling (warehouse owner) and Albert Raley at the Waldorf warehouse.

E6A-9A Unloading baled tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse.

E10A Weighing baled tobacco at the Waldorf warehouse. Left to right, uniden., George H. Morgan and James Bowling.

E11A George H. Morgan and James Bowling at the scales, Waldorf warehouse.

E12A A view of the Waldorf warehouse, baled tobacco in the foreground.

E13A An interior view of the Waldorf warehouse, baled tobacco on the left, hacked hands of tobacco on the right.

E14A Rosie Kyler and Dale Young stripping tobacco at Serenity Farm.

E15A Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. making cotton string ties for baling tobacco.

E16A Rosie Kyler stripping tobacco.

E17A Hauling a pallet of cured tobacco to the stripping room.

E18A The stripping room filled with cured tobacco waiting to be stripped.

E19A Baled tobacco and a stick pallet in the barn.

E20A-21A The hydraulic tobacco baler in the stripping room.

E22A Franklin A. Robinson, Sr. bringing a pallet of cured tobacco to be stripped into the stripping room.

E23A-25A Liberty and Box Car in the stripping room.

Sheet F, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2000

F0 Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F1-3 Joseph F. Vermillion, Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F4-5 Dale Young and Rosie Kyler taking cured tobacco off the stick to be stripped.

F6 Mack Thomas stripping tobacco leaves off the stalk.

F7 Dale Young baling stripped tobacco leaves.

F8-10 Tobacco auction at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F11 A bale of Serenity Farm tobacco with weight ticket and buyers tag at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F12 A row of baled Serenity Farm tobacco with weight tickets and buyers tags at the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

F13 A proud grower, Franklin A. Robinson, Sr., with some of his tobacco on the auction floor at the Hughesville warehouse.

F14-22 Auctioning off tobacco at the Hughesville warehouse, Gilbert Bowling left, followed by Walter Wilkerson, auctioneer.

F23-25 Views of the Hughesville tobacco warehouse.

Sheet G, photographed by A. Theresa Robinson, spring 2001

G0 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Virginia L. Robinson and Ashlee N. Robinson.

G1 Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G2-3 Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan, Franklin A. Robinson and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G4 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Virginia L. Robinson and Ashlee N. Robinson.

G5 Austin D. Robinson and Joseph F. Vermillion packing drawn tobacco plants into bushel baskets for transport to the field.

G6 Drawing plants in the tobacco seedling bed, Ashlee N. Robinson and Virginia L. Robinson.

G7 Joseph F. Vermillion and Austin D. Robinson packing drawn tobacco plants into bushel baskets for transport to the field.

G8 Franklin A. Robinson drawing plants.

G9-10 Franklin A. Robinson, Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan, Ashlee N. Robinson, Virginia L. Robinson and Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G11 Franklin A. Robinson and Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan drawing plants.

G12-14 Austin D. Robinson packing drawn tobacco plants into tobacco market baskets for transport to the field.

G15 Tobacco market baskets loaded with tobacco plants ready for transport to the field.

G16 Rosie Kyler and Patricia A. "T.C." Morgan drawing plants.

G17 Franklin A. Robinson drawing plants.

G18 Rosie Kyler drawing plants.

G19 Joseph F. Vermillion and Franklin A. Robinson in the tobacco beds.

G20 Joseph F. Vermillion with drawn tobacco plants in tobacco market baskets and bushel baskets waiting for transport to the field for transplanting.

G21-22 Drawn tobacco plants loaded onto the truck for transport to the field for transplanting.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 6: Photographs, Photographic Slides, and Photographic Negatives / 6.1: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref837

Conner, Mary Robinson, diaries

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 64, Folder 1-4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1957
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.5: Conner, Mary Robinson
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref988
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Diary

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1926
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.3: Robinson, Frank A.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref99
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George Washington (Last Bust Portrait type)

Artist:
Charles Willson Peale, 15 Apr 1741 - 22 Feb 1827  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas attached to wood panel
Dimensions:
Frame: 39.4 x 35.9 x 7.6cm (15 1/2 x 14 1/8 x 3")
Panel: 20 × 15.9cm (7 7/8 × 6 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1795
Topic:
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Dr. Jonathan Stein
Object number:
L/NPG.7.2012
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm439b89b79-9059-4183-a91b-b053cf531966
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_L_NPG.7.2012

Domenjoz, John

Collection Creator:
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies Collection, Acc. XXXX-0450, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection
Harold E. Morehouse Flying Pioneers Biographies collection / Series 1.1: Biographies of Flying Pioneers 1.1
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0450-ref115
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Finger of Newt

Artist:
James Levine, 23 Jun 1943 - 9 Mar 2021  Search this
Sitter:
Newt Gingrich, born 17 Jun 1943  Search this
Timothy McVeigh, 1968 - 2001  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole, born 22 Jul 1923  Search this
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
101.6 x 81.3cm (40 x 32")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1993-1998
Topic:
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Male  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Politics and Government\US Senator\Majority Leader  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Politics and Government\US Senator\Kansas  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Military\Officer  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Kansas  Search this
Robert Joseph Dole: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Male  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Georgia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Male  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University  Search this
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Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: DC Moore Gallery
Object number:
NY990425
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47eb152ed-8276-4681-8b25-cc23e64bfd74
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NY990425

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Lazzari, Pietro, 1898-1979  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1895-1998, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of letters exchanged between Lazzari, family members, and colleagues. Over one hundred letters from the Federal Works Agency and the Treasury Department Section of Painting and Sculpture concern post office murals for towns in Florida, New Jersey, and North Carolina. Five letters from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration contain 23 photographs of astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Ronald E. Evans, and Harrison H. Schmitt preparing for an Apollo 17 mission to the moon. Lazzari also received at least one letter each from Jacqueline Kennedy, Duncan Phillips, Eleanor Roosevelt, industrialist John Rust, and socialist Norman Thomas.

See Appendix for a list of selected correspondents in Series 2.
Arrangement note:
Correspondence is arranged chronologically.
Appendix: Selected Correspondents in Series 2:
Aguilera, Francisco: undated (1 letter)

Albergo Saturnia, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Alberts: Russell Alberts-Laura Langdon Antiques: undated (1 letter)

Alexander Gallery: undated (1 letter)

Allied Publications, Inc.: 1965 (1 letter)

Alterman, Selma: undated (1 letter)

Ambasciata d'Italia: 1950-1973 (3 letters)

Ambasciatore d'Italia: undated and 1971 (2 letters)

America-Italy Society: 1956 (1 letter)

American Academy in Rome: 1955 (2 letters)

American Artists Professional League: 1949-1955 (3 letters)

American Battle Monuments Commission: 1959 (1 letter)

American Commission for Cultural Exchange with Italy (Fulbright grant): 1950-1954 (2 letters)

American Federation of Arts: 1951-1956 (2 letters)

American Red Cross: 1943-1945 (6 letters)

American University: 1947-1967 (5 letters)

Amici, Alfredo: 1948-1959 (6 letters)

Amministrazione Erdi M.se Saverio Patrizi: 1969 (2 letters)

Andori, Adolfo: 1913-1916 (3 letters)

Anderson, Wayne V.: 1956 (1 letter)

Andrade, Victor: undated (1 letter)

Angelelli, Augusta: 1972 (1 letter)

Angiolillo, Giuseppe: 1967-1972 (9 letters)

Anson, Cherrill: 1998 (1 letter)

Appleby, J. Scott: 1952-1961 (9 letters); see Life Insurance Company of Georgia

Aquil, Preta: 1921 (1 letter)

Architectural League of New York: 1955 (3 letters)

Aristide, Zio (?): 1926 (1 letter)

Arndal, Kersten: 1970-1977 (2 letters)

Art Direction -- magazine: 1956 (1 letter)

Art in Federal Buildings, Inc.: 1943 (1 letter)

Art Institute of Chicago: 1944-1956 (11 letters)

Artists Equity Association: undated and 1949-1972 (7 letters)

Artists for Victory: 1942-1943 (7 letters including a prospectus for "America in the War" exhibition)

Artists of Washington, D.C.: undated (1 letter)

Artist's Guild of Washington: 1960 (1 letter)

Associated Architects & Engineers: 1957 (1 letter)

Associated Artists Gallery of Washington: 1961 (1 letter)

Associazione Artistica Internazionale: 1950 (1 letter)

Atomic Energy Clearing House: 1963 (1 letter)

Bache, Martha Moffett: 1949 (1 letter)

Backus, Florence: 1955 (1 letter)

Bader: Franz Bader Gallery: 1950-1976 (3 letters)

Baltimore Museum of Art: undated and 1948-1956 (8 letters); see Breeskin, Adelyn

Banca Commerciale Italiana: 1969 (2 letters)

Bankok Insustries, Inc.: 1972 (1 letter)

Bashir, Mir: 1955 (2 letters)

Bazzanella, Albina: 1926-1928 (2 letters)

Bedi-Rassy Art Foundry: 1952-1962 (4 letters)

Beer, Elsie: 1926-1928 (3 letters)

Bergeson, Mrs.: 1951 (1 letter)

Berkman, Jack: 1949 (1 letter)

Berkowitz, Ida and Leon (Workshop Center of the Arts): 1953-1955 (2 letters)

Berrier, Jean: 1971 (1 letter)

Betts, Luici: 1928 (1 letter)

Birnbaum, Britta: 1963 (1 letter)

Blake, Margaret Day: [1956] (1 letter)

Blanc, Peter: undated and 1948-1950 (4 letters)

Bly?, Edith: undated (1 letter)

Borea, Raimondo: 1971 (1 letter)

Borzani, Gastone: 1918 (1 letter)

Boulner, Bartlet: 1927 (1 letter)

Bowen, Elizabeth: undated (1 letter)

Brambilla, Helen: 1945 (1 letter of recommendation for Lazzari)

Breeskin, Adelyn D. (Baltimore Museum of Art): 1953-1961 (4 letters)

Broders, Dr. Hy: 1941 (envelope only; enclosing photo of unidentified friends)

Brooklyn Museum: 1956 (1 letter)

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery: 1952 (2 letters); see Rust, John

Broude & Hochberg: 1969 (1 letter)

Brown, James W.: 1934 (1 letter)

Bruce, Edward: mentioned in 3 letters dated 1938-1943

Bryn Mawr Club of Washington: 1961 (1 letter)

Buckingham Palace: 1971 (1 letter)

Bureau of Copyrights and Patents, Library of Congress: 1936-1955 (3 letters)

Burleighfield International Arts Centre: 1977 (1 letter)

Buxton, P. S.: 1969 (1 letter)

Cahill, Holger: see Works Progress Administration

Caldwell, Henry Bryan: 1951 (1 letter from Lazzari)

Calfee, William H.: 1967 (1 letter)

California: University of California at Berkeley: 1986 (1 letter)

California: University of California at Los Angeles: 1970 (1 letter)

Canali, Paola: undated (1 letter)

Cani, Edward: undated (1 letter)

Capital Park Apartments: mentioned in a letter dated 1962

Carbela: 1929 (1 letter)

Carbonati, Antonio: 1927 (2 letters)

Carnassale, Enrico: 1914-1916 (2 letters)

Carolan, Anna B. (The Little Gallery): 1947 (2 letters)

Casella, E. and M.: 1917-1918 (4 letters)

Caserma, Luisa.: 1914-1917 (2 letters)

Catholic University of America: 1964 (1 letter)

Caulfield, Patricia: 1949 (1 letter)

Central States Joint Board: 1977 (1 letter)

Chapel, Maria: 1970-1973 (3 letters)

Chase, Ralph H.: 1959-1961 (2 letters)

Child, Col. Sargent B.: 1968 (1 letter from Corcoran)

City of New York Department of Correction (Riker's Island mural): 1936-1937 (2 letters)

Civil Service Commission Club: 1949 (1 letter)

Clark, Joseph (Senator from Pennsylvania): 1962 (1 letter)

Clemens, Cyril ( -- Mark Twain Journal): -- 1971 (1 letter)

Cohen, Evelyn: see Lazzari, Evelyn

Cohen, Lester: 1956 (1 letter)

Colladay, Edward F.: 1932 (1 letter)

Conant, Howard (New York University): 1956 (1 letter)

Connolley, Robert Emmet: 1947-1950 (8 letters)

Console Generale d'Italia: 1965 (1 letter)

Constantino, C.: 1967 (1 letter)

Cook, Elizabeth: [1946] (1 letter)

Cooke: Hereward Lester Cooke Foundation: 1974-1975 (3 letters); see National Aeronautics and Space Administration; see National Gallery of Art

Cooper, Alice J.: 1927 (1 letter)

Corcoran Gallery of Art: undated and 1951-1981 (37 letters)

Corsi, Emma and W. Edward: 1928 (1 letter)

Cosgrove, Jessica (Mrs. John O'Hara Cosgrove): 1928-1930 (22 letters)

Cosgrove, John O'Hara (editor of -- New York World): -- undated and 1927-1929 (7 letters)

Costintin, Celestino and Emilia: 1916-1971 (6 letters)

Cotzia, Pasquale: 1966-1968 (2 letters)

Coughlin, Clarence John: 1948 (1 letter)

Crimi: undated (1 letter)

Crosby, Caresse (Crosby Gallery of Modern Art): undated and 1945-1969 (14 letters)

Crossley, Kay A.: 1966 (1 letter)

Cullen, Amelia: undated (1 letter)

Cusumono, Stefano: 1947-1951 (3 letters)

Daloni, Edith B.: 1928 (1 letter)

Damer, Veffarghi: 1919 (1 letter)

Damiani, Angelo: 1921 (1 letter)

Dane, C. K.: 1965 (1 letter)

Dean, Edward: 1940 (1 letter)

Debs: Eugene V. Debs Foundation: 1965-1966 (3 letters including 6 photographs with Norman Thomas); see United Auto Workers

de Chetelat, Mr.: mentioned in letter dated 1928

de Chirico, Giorgio: mentioned in undated invitation from Ambasciatore d'Italia

DeLano, Agnes: undated (1 letter)

De Medio, Americo: 1963-1976 (32 letters)

De Medio, Vincenzo: undated and 1970-1977 (3 letters)

Demiddi, Alberto: undated and 1972 (3 letters)

De Mont, Nany and Eugene: undated (1 letter)

Dernay, Eugene: 1945-1959 (4 letters)

Design in Steel Award Program: 1972 (1 letter)

Dictionary of International Biography: 1974 (1 letter)

Diller, Burgoyne: see Federal Art Project

Dipanfilo, Pio: 1949-1968 (10 letters)

Di Raimondo, Vicenzo: 1920-1928 (7 letters)

District of Columbia Board of Commissioners: 1959 (1 letter)

District of Columbia Department of Public Welfare: 1958 (1 letter)

District of Columbia Juvenile Court: 1964 (1 letter)

District of Columbia Recreation Board: 1963 (1 letter)

Dole (?), Louis: 1923 (1 letter)

Dollinger, Josef: undated (1 letter)

Donaldson, Leota L.: undated (2 letters)

Donaldson, Renee: undated (1 letter)

Douglas, Paul F.: 1951 (1 letter)

Dretzin, S. C.: 1950 (1 letter)

Draper, Warren A.: 1944 (1 letter)

Dumbarton College: 1949-1951 (3 letters)

Duncan and Duncan Chinese Shop: 1964 (1 letter)

Dunham, Dr. G. C.: 1944 (1 letter re: portrait of Dr. Sawyer)

Duproix, Eunice: 1928 (1 letter)

Durbin, Jack: 1960 (1 letter)

Editions du Griffon, Neuchatel, Suisse: 1964 (3 letters)

Edsor, Mary: 1928 (1 letter)

Elenbrock, Gretel: 1927 (3 letters)

Elkins: Stella Elkins Tyler School of Fine Arts of Temple University: 1956 (1 letter)

Eng, Ernest: 1959 (1 letter)

Ernesto Desideri: 1915 (3 letters)

Evening Star -- newspaper, Washington, D.C.: 1957 (1 letter)

Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union: 1944 (1 letter)

Fasola, Roberto: 1948-1949 (2 letters)

Federal Art Project: 1938-1939 (4 letters)

Federal Works Agency, Public Buildings Administration: 1940-1947 (70 letters re: murals for the Brevard, N.C. post office, the North Bergen, N.J. post office, and the Jasper, Florida post office, including a contract, 2 photographs, and 2 sketches for a mural)

Federal Works Agency, Work Projects Administration: 1941-1942 (2 letters)

Fellowship of Reconciliation and War Resisters League: [1945] (1 letter)

Ferargil Gallery: 1941 (1 letter)

Ferreri, Elena: 1938 (1 letter)

Figoullo, Adriano: 1912 (1 letter)

Fiore, Ilario and Titta: 1966-1967 (5 letters)

Fitzwater, Aldace: 1950 (1 letter)

Florentine Gallery: 1956 (4 letters)

Fogle, Bruce: 1927 (1 letter)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: 1956 (1 letter)

Force, Mrs.: undated (1 letter)

Foreign Service of the United States of America: 1950 (3 letters)

Foresti, Arnaldo: 1948-1949 (2 letters)

Fortas, Abe: 1956 (1 letter)

Fortune -- magazine: 1944-1956 (2 letters)

Francis, Emily A.: 1951 (3 letters)

Franco, Johan: 1966 (2 letters)

Frankel, Samuel: undated (1 letter)

Freeman: Carl M. Freeman Associates, Inc.: 1963 (1 letter)

Frisine, Robert: 1967 (1 letter)

Frost, Phillip: 1981 (1 letter)

Fujita, Mr.: 1957 (1 letter)

Fulbright grant: see American Commission for Cultural Exchange with Italy

Fuller, Eve Alsman (Miami, Fl. post office): 1938 (1 letter)

Gabetti: undated (1 letter)

Galarza, Ernesto and Mae: (National Farm Labor Union; National Agricultural Workers Union): undated and 1944-1978 (27 letters); see Landon School for Boys; see Perkins, Milo

Galerie Internationale: 1965 (1 letter)

Galerie Schindler: undated and 1965-1972 (12 letters)

Gallaudet College: 1963-1970 (14 letters, including a contract)

Gallenga: 1951 (1 letter)

Gaspari, Mario P.: 1966 (1 letter)

Georgetown University Fine Arts Club: 1960 (1 letter)

George Washington University: 1965 (1 letter)

Giovannetti, Alberto: 1966 (1 letter)

Giovanni, Sebastiani: 1921 (1 letter)

Giricosnelli, Emilio: 1918 (1 letter)

Gobbi, Adolfo: 1928 (1 letter)

Goldberg, Dorothy and Arthur: 1964-1965 (3 letters)

Goldsmith, Alberto R.: 1947-1968 (3 letters)

Gonzales, Angelino: 1951-1975 (11 letters)

Gotham Book Mart: 1968 (1 letter)

Graham, John: 1948 (1 letter)

Granati, Pasquale: 1918 (1 letter)

Grand Central Art Galleries: 1956 (1 letter)

Grant, Blanche C.: undated (1 letter)

Grebanier, Barnard: 1961 (1 letter)

Greene, Hope Margaret: 1926-[1927] (2 letters)

Gualdi, Luigi: 1947-1949 (11 letters)

Guarino, A.: undated letters to Mabel McMahon and Guiolitta Sartori

Guggenheim: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation: 1937-1971 (5 letters)

Guggenheim: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum: 1956-1960 (3 letters)

Gutheim, Frederick: 1956 (1 letter)

Haarlem House, Inc.: 1926 (1 letter)

Hahn, Rosemarie E.: 1961 (1 letter)

Halle, Kay: 1972 (1 letter)

Hammerle, Brooke: 1966 (1 letter)

Hansen, Jane: 1954 (1 letter)

Hardman, Virginia: undated (1 letter)

Harrison & Abramovitz, Architects: 1956 (1 letter)

Harrison, Charles H.: 1949 (1 letter)

Hart, Earl: mentioned in an undated letter

Hartley, Bettina: undated (1 letter)

Hartman Galleries, Inc.: 1973 (1 letter)

Hayward: City of Hayward, California: 1965 (1 letter)

Health, Education, and Welfare Employees' Association: 1962 (1 letter)

Hechinger, June: undated (1 letter)

Heilbron, Edna: 1972 (1 letter)

Heinemann, Mark: undated (1 letter)

Herzbrunn, Josef: 1949 (1 letter)

Heywood, Carmen: 1948 (1 letter)

Hollander, Cornelia: undated (1 letter)

Holvey, Sam: undated (1 letter)

Holy See: Permanent Observer of the Holy See: 1966 (1 letter)

Hom Gallery: 1972 (1 letter)

Horrocks, E. Joan: 1971 (1 letter)

Hotel Beau Site, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Hotel de la Ville, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Hotel Hassler, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Hotel Pension Alexandra, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Hotel Windsor, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Hough, Edith Louise: 1952 (1 letter)

Illinois State Historical Library: 1965 (1 letter)

Il Messaggero: 1928 (1 letter)

Immigration and Naturalization Service: 1976 (1 letter)

Institute for International Education: 1963 (1 letter)

Institute for the Arts of the Archdiocese of Washington: 1978 (2 letters)

Institute of Contemporary Art: 1956 (2 letters)

Institute of Gerontology: 1970 (1 letter)

International Directory of Arts: 1982 (1 letter)

Isherwood, Christopher: undated (1 letter)

Istituzione Maddalena Aulina: 1966 (1 letter)

Jacometti, Nesto: 1972 (1 letter)

Jaffe, Norman: 1964 (1 letter)

Janus, Virginia: 1929 (2 letters)

Jelleff: Frank R. Jelleff, Inc.: 1949 (1 letter)

Jennoff?, Peter L.: undated (1 letter)

Jewish Social Service Agency: 1967 (1 letter)

Johnston, L. R.: 1932 (2 letters)

Jones, Dorothea and Stuart E.: 1955 (3 letters)

Jones, George Lewis: 1961 (1 letter)

Jopp, Fred Gilman: 1936 (1 letter)

Josephy, Diane ( -- Time): -- 1968 (1 letter)

Junior Council of the Museum of Modern Art: 1956-1960 (2 letters)

Jurin, Benjamin M.: undated (1 letter)

Kagy, Virginia and Sheffield: 1948 (1 letter)

Kahles, Jessie: 1940-1948 (3 letters)

Kennedy, Jacqueline: May 19, 1960

Letters from White House Social Secretary: 1961-1963 (5 letters)

Kerensky, Alexander: 1965 (1 letter)

King Features Syndicate, Inc.: 1943 (1 letter)

King, Marion: 1952 (1 letter)

King, Rufus: 1975 (1 letter)

Kneifel, Mr.: 1956 (1 letter from Lazzari)

Kramer, Herbert (Congregazione del Preziosissimo Sangue): 1950 (1 letter)

Krishnamurti, Jack: 1959 (1 letter)

Kurzland, Toby: 1991 (1 letter)

La Follia: 1926 (1 letter)

La Galleria: 1972 (1 letter)

Landon School for Boys: 1944 (1 letter re: Ernesto Galarza)

Landu, Consuelo: 1948 (1 letter)

Lanier, Fanita: see Ruffiner, Willis E.

La Revue Moderne: 1961 (3 letters)

La Rocca, Principessa de: 1968 (1 letter)

Latif, Bilkeer: undated (1 letter)

Law, L. S.: 1932 (2 letters of recommendation for Lazzari)

Lawton, Thomas: 1974 (1 letter)

Lazzari, Attilio: 1922 (1 letter)

Lazzari, (Grace) Elizabeth Paine: undated and 1920-1951 (69 letters)

Letters from Pietro to Elizabeth: 1928-1929 (52 letters)

Lazzari, Evelyn Cohen: undated and 1948-1965 (6 letters)

Letters from Pietro to Evelyn: undated and 1932-1966 (49 letters, including one with a photograph of friends)

Lazzari, Fernanda (sister) and Vittoria: 1915-1949 (11 letters)

Lazzari, Leno: 1918-1929 (2 letters)

Lebanon: Embassy of Lebanon, Washington: 1956 (1 letter)

Lee, Amy: Nov 01, 1974 (letter from Lazzari); 1975 (1 letter)

Lee, Dal: 1954 (1 letter)

Lee, Pearl: undated (1 letter)

Levy, Sid A.: undated (1 letter)

Library of Congress: undated and 1965-1982 (6 letters)

Licciardi, Pietro: undated (1 letter)

Licinio Cappelli: 1949 (1 letter)

Life Insurance Company of Georgia: 1954 (2 letters)

Little Gallery: see Carolan, Anna B.

Lobatini, G.: undated (1 letter)

Loccatelli, Giulio: 1956-1958 (2 letters)

Lombaro (?), Patricia: 1961 (1 letter)

Loughlin, Dr. John J.: 1936-1940 (2 letters)

Lousine, L.: undated (1 letter)

Luccia, Enrico: undated and 1928-1977 (19 letters)

Lucibello, Luigi: Jan 12, 1965

Lucifero, Alfonso: Jan 13, 1912 (letter from Ministero delle Finanze)

Macpherson, Suzanne: 1957 (2 letters)

Maddux, Yolanda A.: undated (1 letter)

Maezawa, Kezuko: 1956 (1 letter)

Magrini, Livia: 1967-1970 (5 letters)

Makovich, L.: 1950 (1 letter)

Manca, Albino (sculptor): 1971 (1 letter)

Mangravite, Peppino (Columbia University): 1956 (1 letter)

Mann: Charles Z. Mann Gallery: 1966 (1 letter)

Mannarino, Matina: 1968 (1 letter)

Maresciallo, Mr.: undated (1 letter from Lazzari)

Mark, Ginevra: undated (1 letter)

Marlor, Clark S.: 1981 (1 letter)

Marquis Company: 1950-1981 (3 letters)

Maryland: University of Maryland: 1972 (1 letter)

Mattei, Cristina: 1950 (a death announcement)

Mayfield, Mrs. David: 1938 (1 letter)

McAfee, Don: 1955-1969 (3 letters); see Watergate Construction Corp.

McGinnis, Paul: 1988 (1 letter)

McIlhenny, Henry P.: 1949 (1 letter)

McIntyre, W. A.: undated (1 letter)

McKeogh, Elsie: 1954 (1 letter)

McKonish, Margaret: 1949 (1 letter)

McMahon, Mabel: undated (1 letter from A. Guarino)

Meert, Margaret Mullin: 1948 (2 letters)

Meeting House Gallery: 1972 (1 letter)

Meguin, A.: undated (1 letter)

Menard, G.: 1928 (1 letter)

Men of Achievement: 1974-1975 (2 letters)

Mensh, Elizabeth: 1978 (1 letter)

Merritt, Polly: undated (1 letter)

Messina, Joseph R.: 1971 (1 letter)

Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1951 (1 letter)

Miami Museum of Modern Art: 1965-1968 (7 letters)

Miki, Suizan: undated (1 letter)

Mills, Harrington: 1933 (1 letter)

Ming, Wang (National Art & Frame Co.): 1968 (1 letter)

Mitchell, Austin: 1946 (1 letter)

Montgomery County Art Association: 1961 (1 letter)

Moore, Norman Perry: 1927-1928 (2 letters)

Moore, Paul: 1970 (1 letter)

Morey, Mr.: [1950] (1 letter)

Morott, Aristodemi: 1918 (1 letter)

Morrison, Lillian: 1971 (1 letter)

Mortot, Virgilio: undated and 1962-1964 (4 letters)

Morvidi, Maria: 1918 (1 letter)

Moskin, Ruth: undated (1 letter)

Mullins, Mrs.: undated (1 letter)

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: undated and 1955 (2 letters)

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston: 1964 (2 letters)

Museum of Modern Art: 1949-1973 (3 letters); see Junior Council of the Museum of Modern Art

Myers, Eugene Ekander: 1976 (1 letter)

National Academy of Design: [1939] (1 letter)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: 1962-1973 (5 letters including 4 photographs of artwork and 23 photographs of astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Ronald E. Evans, and Harrison H. Schmitt preparing for an Apollo 17 mission to the moon; an Apollo translunar/transearth trajectory plotting chart; an Apollo lunar orbit chart; and an Apollo earth orbit chart); see Cooke: Hereward Lester Cooke Foundation

National Cyclopedia of American Biography: 1979 (1 letter)

National Gallery of Art: undated and 1956-1974 (7 letters)

National Housing Center: 1961 (2 letters)

National Investigations Committee on Aerian Phenomena: 1957 (1 letter)

National Society of Arts and Letters: 1952 (1 letter)

National Society of Mural Painters: 1940-1963 (3 letters)

National Student Art Tour: 1949 (1 letter)

National Sugar Refining Company: 1938 (1 letter)

Neale, Rosamund: 1961 (1 letter)

Neilson, Robert Hude: 1928 (1 letter)

Nelson, Helen Ewing: undated (1 letter)

New American Library: 1953 (1 letter)

Newlin, Ben: 1979 (1 letter)

New Society for Art and Literature: 1947 (1 letter)

Nichol, Jean: 1926 (2 letters)

Nichol, Nella: 1929 (1 letter)

Nilsen, Laila: 1946 (1 letter)

Nobili, A.: undated letter written on reverse of photograph of Nobili painting

Nuova Critica Europea: 1969 (1 letter)

O'Connor, Don: 1960 (1 letter)

O'Connor, FrancisV.: 1968 (1 letter)

Oggi: 1967 (1 letter)

Okamoto, Yoichi R.: undated (1 letter)

Oklahoma Art Center: 1969 (1 letter)

Oklahoma Museum of Art: 1988 (1 letter)

Olson: Charles Olson Archives, University of Connecticut: 1975-1976 (3 letters)

Oregon State Library: 1957 (1 letter)

Orlando, Teresa: undated and 1949-1971 (3 letters)

Ottiani, Giuseppe: 1909 (1 letter)

Palmieri, Renato: 1928 (1 letter)

Park, Marlene: 1979 (1 letter)

Pavia, Dagoberto: 1959 (1 letter)

Pavia, Goffredo: 1921-1924 (7 letters)

Palmieri, Renato: 1957 (1 letter)

Palombi, Angelo: 1921 (1 letter)

Pan American Union: 1944-1945 (2 letters)

Parsons, Betty (Betty Parsons Gallery): undated and 1949-1973 (9 letters)

Passedoit Gallery: 1956 (1 letter)

Pensione Boos, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Pensione Girardet, Rome: 1928 (1 letter)

Perentine, Giuseppe (Nino): 1927-1950 (3 letters)

Peresson, I.: 1971 (1 letter)

Peretti, Luigi: undated (1 letter)

Perkins, Milo: 1944 (1 letter re: Ernesto Galarza)

Perna, Giorgio: undated (1 letter)

Peterson, Esther: 1978 (1 letter)

Philadelphia Department of Public Property: 1960 (1 letter)

Philadelphia Museum of Art: 1965-1966 (3 letters)

Phillips, Duncan: 1954 (1 letter)

Pirucchini, Maria: 1927 (1 letter)

Pope Paul VI: mentioned in 7 letters dated 1966, including 2 photographs of Lazzari with bust of the Pope; see Fiore, Ilario; see Giovannetti, Alberto; see Institute for the Arts of the Archdiocese of Washington

Preissler, Audrey: 1970 (1 letter)

Print Collector's Quarterly: 1949 (1 letter)

Print Council of America: 1963 (1 letter)

Prospersin, Eugenio: 1941 (1 letter)

Pyramid Club: 1956 (1 letter)

Quick, Robert B.: 1972 (1 letter)

Quinzi, Amerigo: 1920-1925 (2 letters)

Rady, Cabell: 1958 (1 letter)

Rahill, William Allen: 1954 (1 letter from Lazzari)

Raker, J. M.: 1928 (1 letter)

Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center: undated (1 letter)

Randall, Megan: 1975 (1 letter)

Rassegna Nazionale di Arti Figurative: 1948 (1 letter)

Rattu, Salvatore: undated and 1926-1966 (13 letters)

Reeves, Rosser: 1947 (1 letter)

The Reporter -- magazine: 1956 (1 letter)

Reuther, Victor: see United Auto Workers

Reynolds, D.: 1939 (1 letter from Lazzari)

Rhine, J. B.: 1949 (1 letter)

Ricca, Roberta: undated (1 letter)

Rieder (?), Baronessa: 1934 (1 letter)

Rioffo, Angela: 1959-1962 (2 letters including 2 photographs of friends)

River Road Gallery, Louisville, Ky.: 1941-1943 (4 letters)

Rivoi, Swami: undated (1 letter)

Robson, John: 1958 (1 letter)

Rocca Sinibalda: 1920 (1 letter)

Rockefeller, Nelson A.: 1946 (1 letter)

Rodman, Selden: undated (1 letter)

Rollins College: 1933-1942 (4 letters)

Roosevelt, Eleanor: Nov 09, 1945 and a letter dated 1964 concerns a viewing of the Roosevelt portrait bust); see White House; see Roosevelt Library

Roosevelt: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library at Hyde Park: 1963-1965 (8 letters, including typescripts of speeches); see United Auto Workers

Ross, Fred: 1949 (1 letter)

Rosso, Giulio: undated letter of recommendation by Lazzari

Roth, Maurice: 1993 (1 letter including 2 photographs of Lazzari's work)

Rothschild, Anselm A.: undated (1 letter)

Rowan, Edward: see Federal Works Agency

Rowan, Leata: undated (1 letter)

Rowantrees Pavilion: see Thompson, Lin

Rowin, Fran: 1976 (2 letters)

Rowland, Creelman: undated (1 letter)

Ruffner, Willis E. (lawyer for Fanita Lanier): 1944 (1 letter)

Russell, N. F. S.: 1932 (1 letter)

Rust, John and Thelma: 1952-1954 (38 letters, including an application from Lazzari for a grant from the John Rust Foundation, including a clipping about Rust and 3 photographs of cotton pickers); see West Tennessee Historical Society

St. Louis, Bertha: undated (1 letter)

Sanderson, W. A. (Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation): 1958 (1 letter)

San Francisco Museum of Art: 1967 (1 letter)

Sartori, Guiolitta: undated letter from A. Guarino

Satterlee & Smith, Architects: 1962 (1 letter)

Savini, Renata: 1965-1967 (3 letters)

Scheetz, June Rice: undated (1 letter)

Schoenberg, Rose: 1967 (1 letter)

Schurmer, Zaira E.: 1947 (2 letters)

Schwarz -- magazine: 1957 (1 letter)

Scigliano, Peppino Cosenza: 1910 (2 letters)

Sebastiani, G.: undated (1 letter)

Selmi, Gabriella: undated (1 letter)

Sevareid, Eric: 1956 (1 letter)

Sheen, Rev. Fulton J.: 1970 (1 letter)

Simotti, Aristide (friend who was prisoner of war): 1911-1925 (62 letters)

Sinisca: undated (1 letter)

Sirony, Simone: 1955-1964 (8 letters)

Smart: David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art: 1991-1996 (4 letters)

Smith, George: 1926-1927 (2 letters)

Smithsonian Institution: undated and 1947-1976 (8 letters)

Snyder, Nell H.: 1969 (1 letter)

Society of American Etchers: 1944 (1 letter)

Society of American Graphic Artists: 1956 (2 letters)

Society of Washington Artists: 1960-1961 (2letters)

Society of Washington Printmakers: 1976 (2 letters)

Sound View Press: 1991 (1 letter)

Spiral Group: see Strantin, Wally

Stevenson, Adlai: see White House

Stewart, George: 1932 (1 letter)

Strantin, Wally and Edward: 1950-1951 (2 letters)

Stroppoghetti, Arturo: 1923 (1 letter)

Stubbs, Kenneth: [1948] (1 letter)

Studer, Alfredo and Clara: 1947-1976 (15 letters)

Sweeney, James Johnson: 1949 (1 letter)

Syracuse University: 1964 (1 letter)

Taylor, Prentiss: 1972 (1 letter)

Teller, Douglas H.: 1963 (1 letter)

Terenz, Don Umberto: 1960 (1 letter)

Thames and Hudson, Ltd.: 1974 (1 letter)

Thomas, Norman: 1963-1965 (2 letters)

Thomen, Luis Francisco (Ambassador from Dominican Republic): undated (1 letter)

Thompson, Lin: 1950-1951 (3 letters)

Thurston, Charles D.: 1927-1928 (4 letters)

Tibet Society: 1975 (1 letter)

Timpenado, Cesare: 1927 (1 letter)

Tirrocelli (?), A.: 1917 (1 letter)

Toledo Museum of Art: 1957 (1 letter)

Toscanini, Arturo: mentioned in 2 letters dated 1928

Tosello, Alfredo: 1947-1949 (2 letters)

Tosi, Elisa: 1929 (1 letter)

Treasury Department, Section of Painting and Sculpture: 1936-1939 (53 letters concerning the Arlington, N.J. post office, the Sanford, N.C. post office, and the New York World's Fair Sculpture Competition)

Truman: Harry S Truman Library at Independence, Mo.: 1963 (1 letter)

Turkish Embassy, Washington, D.C.: 1958-1959 (4 letters including a photograph of Lazzari)

Tyler, Richard O.: 1958 (1 letter)

Ugolini, Luigi: 1969 (1 letter)

Ungar, Harold and Mildred: 1965 (1 letter)

United Auto Workers (U.A.W.): 1963-1971 (9 letters); see Debs: Eugene V. Debs Foundation

United Scenic Artists of America: [1939] (1 letter)

United States Civil Service Commission: 1944 (2 letters)

United States Department of Agriculture: 1945-1967 (10 letters)

United States Department of Labor: undated (1 letter)

United States Information Agency: 1959 (1 letter)

United States Information Service: Jul 09, 1964

University Settlement: 1946 (2 letters)

Upham, Elizabeth: 1948 (1 letter)

Van De Bries, Enri: 1973 (1 letter)

Vangell?, Raphaele: undated (1 letter)

Van Smith, Anne: 1949 (1 letter)

Venice Biennale: 1948-1954 (3 letters)

Vermont Marble Company: 1955 (1 letter)

Veschi, Signora: undated (1 letter)

Vickery, Ruth Bacon: 1929 (1 letter)

Victoria Hotel, Rome: 1928 (2 letters)

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts: 1956 (1 letter)

Visher, John: 1956 (1 letter)

Vosseller, Harold: 1948 (1 letter)

Wagner, Edward A. (Dell Publishing Co.) and Julia: 1954-1976 (5 letters)

Waldo, M. V.: 1945 (1 letter)

Warren, Susan and Louise: undated (1 letter)

Washington Gallery of Modern Art: undated (1 letter)

Washington is Wonderful: see Jones, Dorothea and Stuart E.

Washington-Lee High School: 1961 (1 letter)

Washington, Walter E. (Mayor of Washington, D.C.): 1976 (1 letter); Oct 19, 1976 (1 letter from Franz Bader)

Washington Water Color Association: undated and 1961 (3 letters)

Watergate Construction Corp.: 1968-1969 (4 letters); see Don McAfee

Watson, Ernest W. (editor, -- Art Instruction -- and -- American Artist -- ): 1939-1949 (3 letters)

Watson, Forbes: see Art in Federal Buildings, Inc.

Weil, Frank L.: 1926-1936 (2 letters)

Weinmann, Eric: 1980 (1 letter including a photograph of artwork)

Wells, John K. (Equitable Life Assurance Society): undated (1 letter)

West Tennessee Historical Society: 1952 (3 letters); see Rust, John

Weyhe: E. Weyhe Gallery: 1949 (1 letter)

White, Sarah: 1929 (1 letter)

Whitney Museum of American Art: 1939-1980 (11 letters)

Whyte Gallery: 1944-1950 (2 letters)

Widdemer, Kenneth D.: 1928 (1 letter)

White House: 1965-1968 (4 letters concerning the presentations of the busts of Eleanor Roosevelt and Adlai Stevenson)

Whittemore, Manvel: 1936 (1 letter enclosing poems)

Who's Who in America: 1979-1980 (2 letters)

Works Progress Administration: 1937-1938 (4 letters)

Workshop Center of the Arts: 1953 (1 letter); see Berkowitz, Ida and Leon

WRC Radio: 1966 (1 letter including a photograph of Lazzari)

WRC-TV: 1967 (1 letter)

Young, June: undated (1 letter)

Young, Louis Butler: 1971 (1 letter)

Zerega, Andrea: 1972-1976 (4 letters, including a résumé)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Pietro Lazzari papers, 1878-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lazzpiet, Series 2
See more items in:
Pietro Lazzari papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-lazzpiet-ref18

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