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Moses and Frances Asch Collection

Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Names:
Courlander, Harold, 1908-1996  Search this
Guthrie, Woody, 1912-1967  Search this
Jenkins, Ella  Search this
Leadbelly, 1885-1949  Search this
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Extent:
841 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Date:
1926-1986
bulk 1948-1986
Summary:
This collection, which dates from 1926-1986, documents the output of Moses Asch through the various record labels he founded and co-founded, and includes some of his personal papers. The Asch collection includes published recordings, master tapes, outtakes, business records, correspondence, photographs, and film.
Scope and Contents:
The Moses and Frances Asch Collection measures 841 cubic feet and dates from 1926-1987, with some contemporary, relevant correspondence, clippings, and ephemera added after 1987.

Most of the collection consists of audio recordings (commercial 78 rpm and long-playing records, open reel tapes, acetate discs, and test pressings), correspondence with recording artists and producers, artwork, photographs, ephemera, clippings, record production materials, writings, and business papers relating to Folkways Records. Materials relating to Folkways Records can be found primarily in the Correspondence, Folkways Production, Business Records, Photographs, Artwork, Sound Recordings, and Film series.

The collection also contains some biographical materials and personal correspondence, including materials related to Asch's first business, Radio Laboratories, located in the Biographical Materials series. Correspondence, ephemera, photographs, record production materials, business papers, and recordings relating to Asch's record labels before Folkways Records (Asch Recordings, Disc Company of America, Cub Records) are located in the Early Label Materials series as well as the Audio Recordings and Photographs series.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged in 10 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1942-1987

Series 2: Folkways Production, 1946-1987

Series 3: Business Records, 1940-1987

Series 4: Woody Guthrie papers, 1927-1985

Series 5: Early Label Materials, 1940-1949

Series 6: Biographical Materials, 1926-1987

Series 7: Photographs

Series 8: Artwork

Series 9: Audio Recordings

Series 10: Film

At this time, the collection is partially processed. Please contact rinzlerarchives@si.edu for more information.
Biographical/Historical note:
The son of Yiddish writer Sholem Asch, Moses Asch was born in Poland in 1905. His childhood was spent in Poland, France, Germany, and New York. While young, Asch developed an interest in radio electronics, which ultimately lead him to his life's work, recording the music and sounds of the world. He established several record labels in succession, sometimes partnering with other record companies. Two of his fist record companies, Asch Recordings and DISC Co. of America, went bankrupt. They were followed by his best-known label, Folkways Records, which was founded in 1948 with Marian Distler (1919-1964). He was still working on Folkways recordings when he died in 1986.

Folkways Records sought to document the entire world of sound. The 2,168 titles Asch released on Folkways include traditional and contemporary music from around the world, spoken word in many languages, and documentary recordings of individuals, communities, and current events. Asch's business practices revolved around the commitment to keep every recording issued by Folkways in print, despite low sales. Asch stayed afloat by cutting costs where he could (such as color printing) and offering a high-quality product, meticulously recorded and accompanied by extensive liner notes. In doing this, he could charge a slightly higher price than other commercial outfits. Despite a tenuous relationship with financial solvency, Folkways grew to be not only one of the most important independent record companies in the United States in the 20th century, but also one of the largest and most influential record companies in the world.

Moses Asch's record labels featured famous and lesser known American writers, poets, documentarians, ethnographers, and grass roots musicians on commercial recordings. American folk icon Woody Guthrie recorded on the Asch, Disc, and Folkways labels, and the Asch Collection includes some of his correspondence, lyrics, drawings, and writings. The collection also includes correspondence with other notable musicians and artists such as John Cage, Langston Hughes, Margaret Walker, Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter, Pete Seeger, Peggy Seeger, Ewan MacColl, Alan Lomax, Henry Cowell, and Kenneth Patchen. Also in the collection are ethnographic field notes and photographs by as well as correspondence with Béla Barók, Sidney Robertson Cowell, Harold Courlander, Helen Creighton, Laura Boulton, and Samuel Charters. Asch hired various prominent artists and graphic designers including David Stone Martin, Ben Shahn, John Carlis, and Ronald Clyne to create album cover art for his recordings. Much of the original art and designs for these covers can be found in the Asch Collection.

Asch's output of recordings on various labels, including published recordings, open reel master tapes, outtakes, and acetate disks, in addition to his business papers, correspondence, photographs, and other files were acquired by the Smithsonian Institution in 1987. The collection came to the Smithsonian with the understanding that all 2168 titles under the Folkways label would be kept available in perpetuity.
Shared Stewardship of Collections:
The Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage acknowledges and respects the right of artists, performers, Folklife Festival participants, community-based scholars, and knowledge-keepers to collaboratively steward representations of themselves and their intangible cultural heritage in media produced, curated, and distributed by the Center. Making this collection accessible to the public is an ongoing process grounded in the Center's commitment to connecting living people and cultures to the materials this collection represents. To view the Center's full shared stewardship policy, which defines our protocols for addressing collections-related inquiries and concerns, please visit https://folklife.si.edu/archives#shared-stewardship.
Provenance:
Ralph Rinzler arranged the Smithsonian's acquisition of the Moses and Frances Asch Collection in 1987, beginning with Asch before his death in 1986 and continuing with extensive discussions between Rinzler and the Asch family. Since its acquisition, archivist Jeff Place and others have added contemporary, relevant correspondence with Folkways artists and related individuals.
Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk dance music  Search this
Electronic music  Search this
Oral interpretation of poetry  Search this
Oral interpretation of fiction  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- 19th century  Search this
Music -- 18th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Folk music -- United States  Search this
World music  Search this
Sounds  Search this
Vocal music  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk533b8a927-559a-44ac-98d2-f32d871058b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-cfch-asch
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dennis Adrian

Interviewee:
Adrian, Dennis, 1937-  Search this
Interviewer:
Silverman, Lanny  Search this
Names:
Akron Art Museum  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Chicago Art and Artists: Oral History Project  Search this
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource  Search this
Madison Art Center  Search this
Museum of Contemporary Art (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
New York University  Search this
Portland Art Museum (Or.)  Search this
University of Chicago -- Students  Search this
Acconci, Vito, 1940-  Search this
Achilles, Rolf  Search this
Alloway, Lawrence, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy, 1921-1982  Search this
Artner, Alan G.  Search this
Barnes, Robert, 1934-  Search this
Baum, Don, 1922-  Search this
Botticelli, Sandro, 1444 or 1445-1510  Search this
Brown, Roger, 1941-1997  Search this
Carlson, Victor I.  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Conner, Bruce, 1933-2008  Search this
Coplans, John  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Dubuffet  Search this
Florsheim, Lillian H.  Search this
Frumkin, Allan  Search this
Garver, Thomas H.  Search this
Golub, Leon, 1922-2004  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Hanson, Philip, 1943-  Search this
Hoffman, Rhona, 1934-  Search this
Ito, Miyoko, 1918-1983  Search this
Kind, Phyllis, 1933-2018  Search this
Leaf, June, 1929-  Search this
Lee, Sherman E.  Search this
Maxon, John, 1916-  Search this
Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, 1886-1969  Search this
Newman, Muriel Kallis Steinberg  Search this
Nicholson, Natasha, 1945-  Search this
Parker, Dorothy, 1893-1967  Search this
Pearlstein, Philip, 1924-  Search this
Petlin, Irving, 1934-2018  Search this
Ramberg, Christina  Search this
Rossi, Barbara, 1940-  Search this
Schulze, Franz, 1927-2019  Search this
Sleigh, Sylvia  Search this
Spero, Nancy, 1926-2009  Search this
Swinton, Tilda  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987  Search this
Westermann, H. C. (Horace Clifford), 1922-  Search this
Wilde, Oscar, 1854-1900  Search this
Wiles, Bertha Harris, 1896-  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (Sound recording: 4 sound files (4 hr., 18 min.), digital, wav)
173 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
2015 October 8-9
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Dennis Adrian conducted 2015 October 8-9, by Lanny Silverman, for the Archives of American Art's Chicago Art and Artists: Oral History Project, at Adrian's home in Seaside, Oregon.
Adrian speaks of growing up in Astoria; traveling to Chicago and New York; Cannon Beach; aging and getting older; his origins; curators and curating; visual sensibilities; the Portland Public Library; opera; his parents, grandparents, and family; Finnish sensibility and humor; Portland Art Museum and classes for children; curator as voyeur; credit and accomplishments; hands on experiences; Artforum; art history; attending University of Chicago; homosexuality and coming out; looted European masterworks; Botticelli; exposure to real art; connoisseurship; collectors and collecting; a Robert Louis Stevenson letter; violin making; growing into yourself; Chicago; war; New York University; Frumkin Gallery; New York; the art world; Madison Art Center; Akron Art Museum; friendship and role models; Art Institute of Chicago; meeting Mies van der Rohe; meeting idols; education; Oscar Wilde and Dorothy Parker; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Monster Roster; traveling; Chicago art politics; writing and critics; Eurocentric curators; Chicago as an undervalued city; Dog Day Afternoon; discovering art; New York sightings; and experiences running into artists. Adrian also recalls Roger Brown, Ruth Horwich, Gilda Buchbinder, Don Baum, Sherman Lee, Victor Carlson, Peter Voulkos, Lawrence Alloway, Rhona Hoffman, Allan Frumkin, June Leaf, Leon Golub, Jeremy Anderson, Robert Barnes, Tom Garver, Bruce Conner, Natasha Nicholson, H. C. Westermann, Franz Schulze, Bertha Harris Wiles, Muriel Newman, Aaron James Spire, Lillian Florsheim, John Maxon, Greg Knight, P.B. Maryan, Philip Pearlstein, Sylvia Sleigh, Nancy Spero, Irving Petlin, John Coplans, Alan Artner, Alice Shaddle, Phyllis Kind, Andy Warhol, Joseph Cornell, Tilda Swinton, Leo Castelli, Philip Guston, Dubuffet, Pussy Pepke, Bumpy Rogers, Barbara Rossi, Christina Ramberg, Philip Hanson, Miyoko Ito, Mark Jackson, Rolf Achilles, and Vito Acconci.
Biographical / Historical:
Dennis Adrian (1937- ) is an art critic, educator, and curator in Chicago, Illinois. Lanny Silverman (1947- ) is a curator at the Chicago Cultural Center in Chicago, Illinois.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Art critics -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- History  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art thefts -- Europe  Search this
Curators -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.adrian15
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a4b4e01e-5985-41e2-9eac-996bf9e8d51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-adrian15
Online Media:

Robert King Harris papers

Creator:
Harris, Robert King, 1912-1980  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North America
Date:
circa 1909-circa 1981
Scope and Contents:
The material of the collection relates to a large collection of archeological specimens which Harris began in 1924 and developed into a 100,000-piece amassment. The collection, ranging in time from the paleo-American to the historic, in part represents Harris's own field work but also incorporates material of other workers. It includes material from Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Colorado, and Montana. It also includes pieces from Bolivia, Central America, Mexico, and Korea. The material is now among the holdings of the Department of Anthropology of Natural History and is managed by the department's processing lab. ; Correspondents include Robert Eugene Bell, Jay C. Blaine, Katy Caver, Claire C. Davison, Robert O. Fay, Dan L. Flores, Jon L. Gibson, Vance Haynes, Lawrence H. Head, Robert Fleming Heizer, Thomas R. Hester, Marsha F. Jackson, Jerome Jacobson, Dan Jank, William K. Jones, Morton B. King, Alex Dony Krieger, Truett Latimer, Robert K. Liu, John Ludwickson, William S. Marmaduke, Roger McVay, K. R. Morgan, Dan F. Morse, Hermes Nye, Dorris L. Olds, Gregory Perino, Stephen Schmidt, Dan Scurlock, S. Alan Skinner, Len Slesick, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, Byron Sudbury, Helen Hornbeck Tanner, Lonn W. Taylor, Ted Thygesen, Marvin E. Tong, Jr., Clarence H. Webb, Mildred Mott Wedel, Frank A. Weir, Fred Wendorf, James H. Word, and Don G. Wyckoff. The collection includes some material about the family of Inus Marie Harris and their early days in Texas.

Please note that the collection contains images of human remains.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into 13 series: (1) Biographical material, papers about the Harris collection, and personal material; (2) correspondence, ca. 1964 1979; (3) alphabetical subject file; (4) manuscripts (by Harris and other authors); (5) Texas archeological survey sheets in notebooks; (6) loose survey sheets; (7) miscellaneous notes; (8) sound recordings; (9) printed and processed material; (10) Clem family papers (concerning its early days in Texas); (11) railroad material; (12) cartographic material (archeological, historical, modern maps of Texas, maps of Texas counties (many annotated to show archeological sites), Texas geological maps, miscellaneous maps outside Texas, United States Geological Survey maps, United States Geological Survey and United States Army Corps of Engineer maps annotated to show archeological sites, maps of dams and reservoirs, aerial photographs of a section of Red River; (13) photographs and illustrations.
Biographical Note:
By vocation, Robert (R.) King Harris was a locomotive engineer who worked for the Texas Pacific Railroad Company. By avocation, he was an archeologist, an amateur, in the finest sense of the word, with a long-time scientific interest in the work. Harris first developed an interest in archeology as a young boy scout in his native Dallas, Texas. During the 1930s, he became a member of the Texas Archaeological and Paleontological Society and also began to meet informally with other amateur archeologists in Dallas. In 1940, he was one of the founders of the Dallas Archaeological Society and served that organization for many years as the editor of its publication The Record. In 1939-1941, he was a curator at the Hall of State Museum of the Dallas Historical Society; and in 1966, after his retirement, he assumed duties as the curator of collections of the Department of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University. For many years, he was also an active participant with the series of Caddoan Conferences. In these activities and his archeological work, Harris worked closely with his wife, Inus Marie Harris. ; As an archeologist, Harris carried out many archeological surveys in Texas and nearby Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. In 1941, under the sponsorship of the Dallas Archaeological Society, he was field foreman of an excavation of burial sites below White Rock Spillway in Dallas County and an excavation of another burial site at the Ragland site on the East Fork of the Trinity River. Again, in 1946, he was field foreman for the excavation of a house site at Bulter Hole site in Collin County, Texas. In 1948-1949, he assisted with the Smithsonian Institution River Basin Survey's work in Whitney, Lavon, and Garza-Little Elm reservoirs. In 1954, he joined Wilson W. Crook in test excavations at the Louis Obschner site near Seagoville and, in 1956, at the well-known Lewisville site in Denton County. He also participated in 1959 in excavations at the Branch site in Lavon Reservoir and, in 1960, directed excavations of a shelter at the Kyle site and the Pearson site in the Iron Bridge Reservoir. In 1962, he worked at the Gilbert site in Rains County, and in 1963, led a survey of Forney Reservoir. In 1965, he was involved in excavations at Glenn Hill site in the same reservoir. In the 1960s and 1970s, Harris also carried out studies of artifacts relating to French trade with Caddoan Indians. Harris was also interested in the travels of early explorers in northeastern Texas including Francisco de Soto and Benard de la Harpe.
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds MS 1998-28 Catalog of artifact photographs and descriptions from the R.K. Harris collections.

The Human Studies Film Archives holds the Robert King Harris films (HSFA.1992.07).
Provenance:
Received from Mrs. Inus Marie Harris in 1983.
Restrictions:
Access to the Robert King Harris papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Robert King Harris papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1983-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c7966d1e-f391-43b0-9ff7-6a942692f0eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1983-27

Poulsbo -- Elverhøj

Former owner:
Brauer, Uno Noll, b. 1860  Search this
Brauer, Sara Elizabeth Peterson, b. 1870  Search this
Fluke, John  Search this
Landscape contractor:
Robinson, Daniel  Search this
Gardener:
Kelly, Denise  Search this
Landscape designer:
Yamasaki, Dick  Search this
Provenance:
Seattle Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Elverhøj (Poulsbo, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Kitsap County -- Poulsbo
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, site plans, and copies of articles about the garden and the Brauers.
General:
Established in 1980, this ca. 2.5 acre garden lies on a peninsula jutting into Liberty Bay, an arm of Puget Sound. The site was originally homesteaded in 1889. The garden is informal and incorporates as many different species of trees and shrubs as possible, including many dwarf trees. Several large grassy areas include a meadow that is cut two times a year. Above the beach is a long, winding perennial garden that is gradually evolving into a shade garden. Because many of the trees and shrubs are grown from seeds or cutting from friends of the owner or exchanges, the feeling of the garden is changing all the time; it may even eventually evolve into a mixed forest. Challenges with which the owners have had to contend in developing the garden include brush, junk left from previous uses, soil consisting of heavy blue clay and fine glacial silt, and a constant struggle to maintain the view of the sound and the Olympic Mountains. Raised planting areas, a variety of plants resulting in year-round bloom, and the use of evergreen ground covers and dwarf shrubs in many different hues and textures have led to a result that respects and builds on the natural setting, yet incorporates such highlights as water features and a bonsai collection.
Persons associated with the garden include: Uno Noll Brauer and Sara Elizabeth Peterson Brauer and family (former owners, 1889-1975); John Fluke (former owner, 1975-1979); Daniel Robinson (landscape contractor, 1982-1983); Dick Yamasaki (landscape designer, 1980-1981); and Denise Kelly (gardener, 1983 to date).
Related Materials:
Elverhøj related holdings consist of 1 folder (22 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Poulsbo  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66c99c861-dd38-448e-8ec1-eb9c3a81dc65
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11414

Seattle -- The Merrill House

Landscape designer:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Landscape architect:
Church, Thomas Dolliver  Search this
Shipman, Ellen, 1869-1950  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Merrill House (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets, narrative history by Mrs. Corydon (Eulalie) Wagner and copies of articles.
Reproduction Note:
Two slides copied from Washington State Historical Society collections, Tacoma, Washington; four from Mrs. Corydon Wagner collection; two from Treasury of American Gardens; one from The American Woman's Garden; and three from unknown sources. One photoprint is copy of original 1928 photoprint.
General:
According to Mrs. Corydon (Eulalie) Wagner, the one acre, European-style garden, was seen at its best when seen from above. A city garden enclosed by high cement walls, it consisted of formal pathways of white pebbles; eight flower beds outlined with dwarf box; and a round pool surrounded by a square qrass bed and parterres. The beds displayed various color schemes of tulips, followed by a "Mille Fleur" perennial garden in the summer. Tea roses were added during the 1920s. After the death of Mrs. Merrill in the 1930s, the family opened the house for charitable organizations, particularly those in which she took an active part. During World War II, Victory Garden vegetables filled in where lilies and holly-hocks grew. The perennial borders were slightly transformed by using annuals, and after the bay trees died in the wooden boxes, they were replaced with tree-tiered topiaries of Ficus. During the 1960s, the Merrill family visited Versailles and its box borders. In order to eliminate the upkeep of the "Mille Fleur" summer garden, Thomas Church designed a box parterre, a miniature version of those at Villandry--eliminating much of Shipman's perennial borders. Kevin Harvey currently plants strongly-shaped and colored perennials into the gravel beds to add year-round interest.
Persons associated with the garden include: Richard Dwight Merrill (former owner, 1910-1964); Eulalie Wagner (former owner, ?-1991); The Merrill Foundation (owners of 1/2 the original property); Charles A. Platt (architect, landscape designer, 1910); Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, 1915); Thomas Dolliver Church (landscape architect, 1960s); and Kevin Harvey (gardener and designer, 2004).
Related Materials:
The Merrill House related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 35 mm. slides and 4 photoprints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f4404b30-75d0-43bb-bf3c-7eb08ef47549
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11419

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, Colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, Colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb65ecad488-b154-45ec-85d7-31c2ef917cc4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

Lake Geneva -- Flowerside Inn

Former owner:
Chapin, Simeon B.  Search this
Trinke, William  Search this
Architect:
Marshall, Benjamin H.  Search this
Nagle, James  Search this
Landscape architect:
The Brickman Group, Ltd.  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Flowerside Inn (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth County -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, garden plans, plant lists, and a photocopy of an article about the garden.
General:
Built in 1898 on the shores of Lake Geneva as a summer home for a New York City family, Flowerside Inn once employed up to 15 gardeners to maintain its extensive formal landscaping. The current owners purchased the property in 1976, and, after restoring the house, turned to the gardens, which had suffered from years of neglect. All that remained were the stately maples that shaded the home from the summer sun, while a weed-ridden lawn marched to the lakeside door and broken black asphalt greeted the drive door. With the help of a nationally renowned landscaping firm and the personal knowledge of the owner, who is active in the Lake Geneva Garden Club, the entire grounds have been landscaped with native species and more modern hybrids bred to withstand harsh winter winds and searing summer sun. The lake to the south is now fully exposed with a shoreline of flag iris, roses and daylilies combined with hosta and astilbe where the tree shade blocks the sun. A pier house, dragged one winter onto the shore, is now an attractive shoreside gazebo. The kitchen bay window looks out on a rose garden and birdbath.
The drive entrance on the north side of the home has been curved to lead gently to the front door and paved with bricks reflecting the brown tones of the landscaping. The edges have been planted with hawthornes, hosta, daylilies, coneflowers, hydrangeas, roses, liatris, daisies, peonies, azaleas, sedum, and other perennials, supplemented with annuals left over from the planting of window boxes that line the second story windows and the front entrance. An antique English garden wagon sits on the drive loaded with pots of annual flowers. There is variety in both color and green plant material throughout the growing season. A rambling perennial bed provides cut flowers, and the recently added "deer garden" provides a protected environment in which the owner can grow roses and lilies together with bellflowers, coreopsis, zinnias, sunflower, and vegetables without the fear of the deer. She built a "tennis court" which has a 10.5 foot black-clad chain link fence (too high for the deer to jump), and covered the fence with annual and perennial vines. Fencing continues underground for 18 inches, so even the little wild folk are denied the garden greens for their salad. Recent acquisitions include a 1900s gazing ball, marble statues of the four seasons, and a bench beneath an arbor.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Simeon B. Chapin (former owner, ca. 1896); William Trinke (former owner, ca. 1952); Benjamin H. Marshall (architect, 1896 and 1906); James Nagle (architect, 1999); and The Brickman Group (landscape designers, 1993-1997).
Related Materials:
Flowerside Inn related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI028
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb606dbf1f8-f335-44c6-bde2-acdd1e171f83
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11668

Lake Geneva -- Windwood Garden

Former owner:
Crane, R. T.  Search this
Gartz, A. F.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Byron, Scott  Search this
Arborist:
Bader, Brian  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Windwood Garden (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth County -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, historical pictures and information regarding previous owners, historical timeline of property, planting lists, planting plans, and landscape design.
General:
Located on approximately 100 acres, Windwood Garden was originally part of a 90-plus acre property that dates back to 1879 when R.T. Crane purchased it. During the early 1900s, the property was operated as the Crane's family compound with fruit orchards, vegetable gardens, a bakery laundry building and four greenhouses. The property was subdivided in 1933 to Maxwell House and A. F. Gartz. The western side of the divided property was purchased in 1948 by the current owner from A. F. Gartz and included the original house, vegetable garden, orchard and large expanses of lawn with a few flowers or shrubs. When the property was purchase, the property was very basic and showed signs of neglect. Brian Bader, arborist consultant, and Scott Byron, landscape architect, assisted the owners in creating a plan to conserve and transform the property into a small arboretum and then to further develop vistas from many different angles across the entire property.
The property includes woodlands and meadows populated with native spring wildflowers and large beds of daffodils. The wooded areas have many varieties of oaks, beech, maple, hemlock, walnut, hickory, lindens and butternut trees. A white okay tree is marked with a plaque by a University of Wisconsin arborist as the largeest white oka in Southeast Wisconsin. Decorative sculptures, benches, bridges, fountains, ponds and trails with plantings of trees, shrubs, perennials and wild grasses are also featured on the property.
In a 2014 garden tour handout for the Garden Club of America, the following areas were described as distinct areas of the home and garden: the manor House, the Country House, the Green Carriage House, the Caretaker's House, teh Stable, the Woodland Cottage, the White Oak Savannah, the Vegetable Garden, the Cooler House, the Pond, the Boat Deck, West Pier and East Pier.
Persons associated with the property include: R. T. Crane (former owner, 1879-1933); A. F. Gartz (former owner, 1933-1948); The Griffith family (owner, 1948- ), Scott Byron (landscape architect, 1985-present); Brian Bader (arborist consultant, University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum, 1996-1998).
Related Materials:
Windwood Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI038
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66267a6a1-3cfd-486d-9c17-53edb5d2ad56
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11669

Port Washington -- Afterglow Farm

Garden designer:
Stark, Judith Z.  Search this
Gardener:
Sandlin, Steve  Search this
Sandlin, Sandy  Search this
Wiegert, Dean  Search this
Sobocinski, Christine  Search this
Designer:
Uihlein, Lynde B.  Search this
Engineer:
Flowers, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Afterglow Farm (Port Washington, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Ozaukee County -- Port Washington
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, historical pictures and information regarding previous owners, historical timeline of property, planting lists, planting plans, and landscape design.
General:
Afterglow Farm was established in 1929 on 119 acres in southeastern Wisconsin along Lake Michigan, and is still owned by members of the family. The house and outbuildings were designed in a Germanic style and built from timber and native stone. Originally some of the gardens were planted in food crops that were preserved in a root cellar for winter. Today Afterglow Farm runs a CSA (community supported agriculture) program, growing organic fruits and vegetables and eggs for local subscribers. An "engineered wetlands" was built alongside the CSA fields circa 2000 to clean waste water from the house and barn for reuse in the gardens, with a hillside planted with native wildflowers and grasses for filtration and water storage. The water is moved through troughs to various gardens, a recent innovation in land stewardship and sustainability that have always been important values for the owners of Afterglow Farm.
A former horse paddock was transformed into an ornamental circle in the cottage garden style circa 1930, and today has perennials, flowering trees and shrubs, bulbs and native wildflowers that provide blooms for spring, summer and fall. Other ornamental beds were designed in the New American Style, with sweeping planted beds of single species, using cultivars and native plants that are deer resistant. A new, fenced fruit orchard supplies the CSA members with apples and pears.
Ironwork gates and ornamental panels, and two bear sculptures were designed by the original owner. An old German poem is painted above the door of the farmhouse, which loosely translates to "This house is mine yet not mine. Whoever lived here before, it is not his. Whoever comes after me must also leave sometime. So tell me dear friend, whose house is this?"
Persons associated with the property include: Steve and Sandy Sandlin (caretakers and gardeners, 1995-present); Dean Wiegert (gardener, 2007-present); Christine Sobocinski (assistant gardener, 2007-present); Mark Hartzell (property manager, 2006-present); Jorgen Hansen, ALA (Port City Studio, architect and master planner, 1998-present); David Flowers, P.E. ("Engineered Wetlands" project leader, 2000-2002); Judith Z. Stark (Judith Z. Stark Landscape Design, terrace garden designer, 2005-2006) and Lynde B. Uihlein (terrace stonework designer, 2005-2006).
Related Materials:
Afterglow Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (23 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Port Washington  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI039
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb669e6ee4c-22bb-40e1-bad5-2d97e4ce594f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11684

Sheboygan Falls -- Homewood

Former owner:
Hansen, Horace J. Dr.  Search this
Hansen, Elizabeth Mrs.  Search this
Architect:
Baum, Dwight James, 1886-1939  Search this
Provenance:
Town and Country Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Homewood (Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan County -- Sheboygan Falls
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and other information.
General:
Commissioned by the parents of the present owner, Homewood is truly a family home. It was built in 1937 from an architectural design modeled after the original Homewood at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, built by Charles Carroll in 1801. The architectural plan was featured in the 1939 New York World's Fair as a model home featuring a modern take on the classic Colonial design customized to meet the needs of the average American family. The home was designated as a historic landmark of Sheboygan County in 1983 and was surveyed for the Historic Preservation Division of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
The vegetable gardens of Homewood date back to the World War II victory garden that the present owner helped to maintain as a child. The gardens have since evolved to address issues of pest control, shade, and to increase produce yield by incorporating raised beds, lattice supports, and additional fencing to help alleviate some the challenges of growing a large vegetable garden. The gardens in their current form were established beginning in 1990, when the present owners renovated the family home.
The main vegetable plot features protective plantings of cedar trees and bittersweet vine, a raspberry patch, and a revolving assortment of vegetable beds which include plantings of greens and lettuce mixes, beans, herbs, tomatoes, and peppers, to name a few, as well as perennials such as rhubarb and asparagus. An additional kitchen garden is located close to the house, where herbs, lettuces, and tomatoes are grown. The abundant vegetable plantings yield enough produce for sharing with friends and neighbors, and canning, freezing, pickling and storage of the crops allows the harvest to last throughout the year.
A sixteen foot long arbor serves as the entrance to the main fenced and gated vegetable garden. Clematis, grapevine, and climbing roses grow on the arbor, which features a crushed limestone path and a bench to provide seating. Additional features on the property include two native prairie areas, a native tree and shrub nursery, and a steep embankment on the back of the property includes maple, oak and ash trees and a wetland abutting an adjoining river.
Persons associated with the garden include: Dr. Horace J. Hansen and Mrs. Elizabeth Hansen (former owners, 1937-1992); and Dwight James Baum (architect, 1937).
Related Materials:
Homewood related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm slides (photographs); 17 digital images; and 20 photographic prints (reference))
Additional material regarding the property is located in the Sheboygan County Historical Research Center, Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan Falls  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI040
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6fd1e1dde-4465-42cd-9f1d-771cf5544ffc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11686
Online Media:

[Christopher Place]: family residence across drive, in spring.

Photographer:
Meyer, Anthony  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Christopher Place (Pewaukee, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Pewaukee
Date:
1997.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Pewaukee  Search this
Fences -- wooden  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Trees  Search this
Houses  Search this
Arbors  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WI024002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin / WI024: Pewaukee -- Christopher Place
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66367b646-e134-4018-9ad8-8c455cffee74
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11809

Malden -- Kanawha Salines

Former owner:
Dickinson, William Sr.  Search this
Dickinson, WIlliam Jr.  Search this
Dickinson, John Quincy  Search this
Dickinson, John Quincy, Mrs.  Search this
Dickinson, Charles C.  Search this
Dickinson, Charles C., Mrs.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Harman, May S.  Search this
Dillon, Frances  Search this
Ireys, Alice Recknagel, 1911-2000  Search this
Hoffman, Holly  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Kanawha Salines (Malden, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Kanawha County -- Malden
General:
"The gardens at Kanawha Salines are particularly interesting as the product of female owners Nelle Coleman Alderson Dickinson and her daughter, Mary Price Dickinson Ratrie, as well as female designers and gardeners." The gardens include an immense American Elm, planted by Mrs. Ratrie as a child and a parterre with box hedges, rosebeds, and herbaceous perennial borders."
"Salt was produced here from 1817 until 1945, and shipped by the Kanawha River and later rail as far as New Orleans and Pittsburgh. The farm fields pasture a small herd of Belted Galloway cattle and a number of 'family' horses and ponies. Mrs. Ratrie's garden center and nursery, 'Terra Salis', is located on the edge of the farm."
"The property features a glorious vista of wooded hills, another of the Kanawha River, and an all-white pond garden reached by an allée of Prunus campanulata 'Okame'. There is a viburnum collection of 16 species/varieties; a 60-foot hemerocallis and narcissus border; several beds of species roses and syringa varieties; many specimen trees, both deciduous and evergreen; and a terrace, overlooking tennis courts, sheltered by a 40-foot pergola covered with wisteria, floribunda, and clematis. The house and outbuildings, including a 'garden' building, barns, storehouses, and cottages, are part of a historic property in continuous ownership by the Dickinson family since the early 1800's."
Persons associated with the property include: William Dickinson, Sr., (former owner, 1840-1863); William Dickinson, Jr. (former owner, 1863-1865); Mr. and Mrs. John Quincy Dickinson (former owners, 1865-1896); Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. Dickinson (former owners, 1896-1958); May S. Harman (landscape designer, 1927-1929); Frances Dillon (landscape designer,1958-1969); Alice Recknagel Ireys (landscape designer, 1980 to date); and Holly Hoffman (landscape designer, 1989-1995).
Related Materials:
Kanawha Salines related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Malden  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WV007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a5a40c58-86e8-4025-a08b-b48565415f27
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11861

Tacoma -- Lakewold

Landscape architect:
Church, Thomas Dolliver  Search this
Architect:
Platt, William, 1897-1984  Search this
Platt, Geoffrey  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Lakewold (Tacoma, Washington)
Scope and Contents:
13 4 X 6in. photographic prints, 11 postcards, approximately 88 35mm slides (originals and reproductions), and 2 folders. Folder 1 includes extensive information about the garden (newspaper clippings, annual meeting brochures, etc.), correspondence between Mrs. Corydon Wagner, a copy of a 1930 booklet created by the Tacoma Garden Club for the 1930 Garden Club of America annual meeting, and Eleanor Weller and research on findings for the Olmsted Brothers.
Biographical / Historical:
Eulalie Merrill (1904-1991) was born on October 16, 1904 in Seattle to Dwight and Eula Lee Merrill. She was an avid golf player who held The Pacific Northwest Ladies title for three straight years. She and Corydon Wagner acquired the Lakewold property in 1938 and gardening became more important than golf. She received the Garden Club of America Medal of Merit in 1968, the Montague Award in 1978, the Creative Leadership award in 1984, and the Zone Horticultural Achievement Award also in 1984. Mrs. Wagner gave the gardens to The Friends of Lakewold, an organization with the specific purpose of assuming responsibility for its care.
Varying Form:
Inglewood, formerly known as.
General:
Located on ten acres, this garden is a collection of several gardens surrounding a Georgian home on Gravelly Lake in Lakewold, a suburb of Tacmoa. Mr. and Mrs. Cordydon Wagner purchased the estate in 1938. The perimeter fence, gate and brick walkway were part of the early design. However, the original designer is unknown. In the 1950s, landscape architect Thomas Church redesigned the gardens to include a quatrefoil-shaped swimming pool, a shade garden around a 200-year-old Douglas fir (considered a "wolf" tree), a lookout to the rock gardens, waterfalls and pools leading to the lake. Church discouraged the development of a rock garden since it would cause the neglect of the formal areas, but Mrs. Wagner insisted.

The property is dominated by giant Douglas Fir trees and features an extensive collection of rhododendron. It features a brick walkway leading to a vine-covered summer house. The walk is bordered by boxwood parterres, one shaped in a quatrefoil which repeats the design of the swimming pool. The pool is on an axis with a view of Mt. Rainier framed by trees across Gravelly Lake. The garden also features an Elizabethan knot garden planted with herbs, a rock garden, and an exotic tree collection. When the garden was redesigned in the 1950s by Thomas Church, 200 firs were felled to balance the woods with the openess of the site. Dressing rooms and a kitchen were added to the teahouse and gazebo, the port-cochere was removed from the house and a motor court was added to accomodate space for twenty cars, and a glassed-in room with a Plexiglass roof was added to the side of the house that faced the swimming pool.

Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Alexander (former owner, before 1924), Mrs. Evertt Griggs (former owner, 1924), Mr. and Mrs. Corydon Wagner, Jr. (former owner, 1938), The Friends of Lakewold Foundation (owner, circa 1989), Thomas Church (landscape architect, 1953)

There is no direct connection between Mr. and Mrs. Alexander and the Olmsted firm. A tenuous link may exist through E.C. Griggs (job number 3725). Mr. Everett Griggs wrote to the Olmsted firm, specifically to James Dawson, in January of 1911, sending them a topographical survey, which he had prepared for the property. He noted that he had been in touch with Alex MacDougall, superintendent of the Thorne estate who had worked on several Olmsted gardens in the area. The next letter in the file is from May 1923 from Alex MacDougall (working in the Highlands in Seattle) to James Dawson.
Related Materials:
Related materials are located with Mrs. Wagner's family, Tacoma Public Library, and Washington Historical Society.
Provenance:
Extensive garden documentation compiled by Eleanor Weller for the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. Updates were made by Mrs. Joseph L. Carman, III of Tacoma, Washington.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Tacoma  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb641ebd512-80de-49f6-823d-e040b1fa3d28
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32630

Tacoma -- Villa Carman

Architect:
Cutter, Kirtland Kelsey, 1860-1939  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Scope and Contents:
20 35mm slides (All copies. 15 are of lantern slide and 5 are images taken in the 1970s). The folder includes copies of articles, a short un-authored history and a photograph (possibly members of the Tacoma Garden Club from the 1930s or 40s) and correspondence between Eleanor Weller and Mrs. Wagner.
Varying Form:
Madera, also known as.
General:
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Carman created a 19 acre garden containing a formal Roman garden, a native garden, lawn, and woodland areas of Douglas fir trees. A poplar framed brick path lead from the house to the lake. Margaret Carman imported rocks, plants, and lanterns from temples to create a Japanese garden. She also hired a gardener from Japan to care for it. The garden was featured on tours for The Garden Club of America in 1930 and 1977. In 1930, the Japanese Garden was described as featuring "a dry stream bed, water-falls with a series of pools, and a fine collection of plant materials. Plantings of Rhododendrons (pink pealr). Native growth, blind paths, specimen firs. A wolf tree over the driveway, a rose garden. The walk from the Italian terrace to Gravelly Lake is planted with iris (pallida dalmatica), pink peonies and nepeta.

Persons associated with the property include Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Carma (former owners, 1919-1938), Mrs. and Mrs. Joseph L. Carman, Jr. (former owners, 1938-1939), Mr. and Mrs. Lowell T. Murray (1939-1975), Frederick Cole (landscape designer), and Kirtland Cutter (architect).
Related Materials:
Archival materials located at the Eastern Washington State Historical Society and in family records.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Japanese gardens  Search this
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Tacoma  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62d16b24b-4a8c-4798-b0de-fd513b3a6ede
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32633

Milwaukee -- Lynden

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Varying Form:
Bradley Family Foundation Sculpture Garden
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI018
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb64346fb9c-8a4c-4ba2-8518-57be8c2d3cdb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32641

Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb653f5a4fa-71fe-4259-ab23-a33248a801d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32850
10 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 1
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 2
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 3
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  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 5
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  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 8
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 9
  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 10

Hartland -- Rosecrest

Provenance:
Kettle Moraine Garden Club  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bushey, Donald John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
Rosecrest (Hartland, Wisconsin)
Scope and Contents:
16 digital images (2017-2018) and 1 file folder with historical images and other information.
General:
The first residence on this property was a log cabin built circa 1840 by a Swedish settler; there is local lore that remnants of his building were found when the sunken garden was installed in the 1920's. This ten-acre property established in 1926 was part of a larger farm followed by a family compound on Pine Lake. Donald John Bushey designed the sunken garden, which required extensive excavation, with a long pergola and a row of seven large arches. In 1995 the garden was redesigned and refurbished and the owners kept the historic, formal elements in situ, had the gardens replanted in time for a family wedding, then finished their new house. Rosecrest now includes the sunken garden with a 110-foot long pergola, one new and one restored pond with fountains, elaborately patterned parterres and statuary with deep mixed borders and towering trees around the perimeter of the lawn. Additional historic features that were retained are stone pillars and several stone benches.

Roses, for which the garden was named, were a prominent part of the landscape until depredations by local deer necessitated changes to the plant material. Knockout and David Austin shrub roses are grown still. In 2018 existing shrubs included several vibernums, winterberry, boxwood, hemlock and sumac; existing trees included several varieties of cedar, pine, spruce and maple, also crabapple, gingko, linden and plum. Dozens of perennials and annuals fill the grid of parterres and the deep borders. The sunken garden has been opened for many charity fundraisers, three garden tours, wedding photo shoots, and many family events.

Persons associated with the garden include: Gustaf Unionius (former owner, 1840-1841); Albert Chapman (former owner, 1841-1895); the Mayer family (former owners, 1895-1991); Donald John Bushey (1896-1966) (landscape architect, designer of sunken garden, 1925-1926)(Hawks Landscape Co. (garden design, 1995); Janet Gamble, Meg Miller, Al Holt, Steve Wege, Joe Pauley (gardeners and landscapers, no dates available); Lee Kaster (gardener,1977-1984), Liban's Landscaping (landscape maintenance, 2018- ); Judith Stark Landscape Architects (patio landscape, no dates available); Wachtel Tree Science (arborists, 2018- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI057
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb632db5a50-c35f-41dc-9c40-b1a784b443b7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32876

[Villa Lante]: the Fontana dei Mori (the Fountain of the Moors), with the male figures holding up the "Monte" emblem of the Montalto family.

Lantern slide maker:
Fratelli Alinari  Search this
Provenance:
James River Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Lantern slide (col., 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Place:
Villa Lante (Bagnaia, Italy)
Italy -- Lazio -- Province of Viterbo -- Bagnaia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1930]
General:
The lantern slide appears to have been produced by the Fratelli Alinari company of Florence, Italy.
Mount reads: "Fratelli Alinari (I. D. E. A.); Italia - 8 Via Nazionale 8 - Firenze. (7); Serie Artistica."
Historic plate number: "7100."
Historic plate caption: "[manuscript text on label:] Bagnaia; Villa Lante. [printed text in image:] (Ed.ne Alinari) P.c I.a N.o 7100. Bagnaia - Presso Viterbo. Una parte della gran Vasca nel giardino della Villa."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Fountains  Search this
Urns  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Balustrades  Search this
Water jets  Search this
Gates  Search this
Men  Search this
Treillage  Search this
Eagles -- Design elements  Search this
Gardens -- Italy -- Bagnaia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IT020001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Italy / IT020: Bagnaia -- Villa Lante
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69493f6ca-2a0d-428a-92aa-34212c6f4b6c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4264

[Villa Gamberaia]: the villa and part of the water garden.

Creator:
Gambarelli, Matteo  Search this
Lappi, Zenobi  Search this
Lappi, Jacopo  Search this
Lappi, Andrea  Search this
Capponi Family  Search this
Ghyka, Princess  Search this
Marchi, Marcello  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Lantern slide (hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Place:
Villa Gamberaia (Florence, Italy)
Italy -- Tuscany Region -- Florence
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949]
General:
Historic plate number: "5 W."
Historic plate caption: "Villa Gamberaia near Florence."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Villas  Search this
Water gardens  Search this
Urns  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Flowerpots  Search this
Gardens -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IT007001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Italy / IT007: Florence -- Villa Gamberaia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67dbb40d3-8911-424b-8c5c-d94c01fc5dbd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4267

[Villa Gamberaia]: the central fountain in the water garden.

Creator:
Gambarelli, Matteo  Search this
Lappi, Zenobi  Search this
Lappi, Jacopo  Search this
Lappi, Andrea  Search this
Capponi Family  Search this
Ghyka, Princess  Search this
Marchi, Marcello  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Lantern slide (col., 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Place:
Villa Gamberaia (Florence, Italy)
Italy -- Tuscany Region -- Florence
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949]
General:
Historic plate number: "23 F."
Historic plate caption: "Villa Gamberaia near Florence."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Water gardens  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Gardens -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IT007002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Italy / IT007: Florence -- Villa Gamberaia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6924198ba-18ae-477b-939a-57d94c6574a0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4268

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