Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892 to 1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Getty Grant Program. Digitization of the scrapbooks was supported by a grant from the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee. Correspondence, financial and shipping records, inventory records, and printed material were digitized with funding provided by the Mr. and Mrs. Raymond J. Horowitz Foundation for the Arts, the Terra Foundation for American Art and The Walton Family Foundation.
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America Search this
1886 or 1887
Scope and Contents:
Photograph of Chief Shakes' canoe full of people at Fort Wrangell. In the background is Chief Shakes' house with its two mortuary poles: Bear-Up-The-Mountain and Go-na-ka-dot (Guna.kade.t), a wealth-bringing water monster.
Biographical / Historical:
Chief Shakes' canoe was acquired for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and came to the Smithsonian after the Fair closed. The carved bears on the canoe--the watchman at the bow and a female emerging from the stern--gave the boat one of its names: "Brown Bear Canoe" Hootz York. When exhibited at the World's Fair the canoe showed elaborate paintings along its side: at the extreme bow was painted a pilot-fish, a small whale that the Tlingit believed helped herd seals towards killerwhales, with a large killerwhale painted along the side. Chief Shakes' wife was from the Raven clan, and a raven is depicted at the stern. In the photograph, the boat does not appear to have painted designs along the side when it was in use in 1886-1887.
Information provided by Stephen Loring (January 28, 2008).