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Oral history interview with John Franklin Koenig

Interviewee:
Koenig, John Franklin, 1924-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Extent:
44 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1976 June 24-30
Scope and Contents:
An interview of John Franklin Koenig conducted 1976 June 24-30, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
John Franklin Koenig (1924-2008) was a painter in Paris, France.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Painters -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.koenig76
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw956193375-cec9-4f74-b1a8-b4845a099751
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-koenig76
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, 1964 April 26

Interviewee:
Sparhawk-Jones, Elizabeth, 1885-1968  Search this
Interviewer:
Bowman, Ruth, 1923-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Expatriate painters -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12378
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214149
AAA_collcode_sparha64
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214149

Oral history interview with John Franklin Koenig, 1976 June 24-30

Interviewee:
Koenig, John Franklin, 1924-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13346
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212809
AAA_collcode_koenig76
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212809

Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers, 1887-1984

Creator:
Williams, Esther Baldwin, 1867-1964  Search this
Williams, Esther, 1907-1969  Search this
Subject:
Williams, Esther  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Finck, Furman J.  Search this
Williams, Nadia  Search this
Prendergast, Charles  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Grace Horne Galleries  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Massachusetts -- Boston -- description and travel
France -- Paris -- description and travel
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Women  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7339
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209492
AAA_collcode_willesth
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209492
Online Media:

Henry Ossawa Tanner papers, 1860s-1978, bulk 1890-1937

Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Subject:
Carpenter, J.S.  Search this
Taverty, J.J.  Search this
Curtis, Atherton  Search this
Tanner, Jessie O.  Search this
Tanner, Jesse O.  Search this
Académie Julian  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
Old American Art Club (Paris, France)  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Photographs
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9229
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211424
AAA_collcode_tannhenr
Theme:
African American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211424
Online Media:

Henry O. Tanner letters to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1885-1909

Creator:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Subject:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10355
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213622
AAA_collcode_tannhenrl
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213622

A.G. (Abel George) Warshawsky papers, circa 1900-1988

Creator:
Warshawsky, A. G. (Abel G.), 1883-1962  Search this
Subject:
Warshawsky, Ruth  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Photograph albums
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Paris (France)
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Art students -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13406
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215935
AAA_collcode_warsabel
Theme:
Diaries
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215935
Online Media:

Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Subject:
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8942
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211128
AAA_collcode_pollchar
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211128
Online Media:

Henry Mosler papers, 1856-1929

Creator:
Mosler, Henry, 1841-1920  Search this
Subject:
Beard, James Henry  Search this
Dupré, Julien  Search this
Ferrier, Gabriel  Search this
Flameng, François  Search this
Pelouse, L. G.  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan  Search this
Howe, William Henry  Search this
Hébert, Ernest  Search this
Partridge, William Ordway  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Illustrated notebooks
Drawings
Sketches
Place:
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Journalists
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9068
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211261
AAA_collcode_moslhenr
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211261
Online Media:

Thornton Oakley papers, 1906-1953

Creator:
Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953  Search this
Subject:
Morrow, George  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Robinson, Alexander  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Brinton, Christian  Search this
Este, Florence  Search this
Hamilton, John McLure  Search this
Harkrider, John  Search this
Mechlin, Leila  Search this
Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Philadelphia Art Alliance  Search this
Artists' War Relief Committee of Philadelphia  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Council of Art Organizations of Philadelphia  Search this
Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, inc.  Search this
Philadelphia Water Color Club  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10279
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213434
AAA_collcode_oaklthor
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213434

Marcia M. Mathews papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1937-1969, bulk, 1963-1969

Creator:
Mathews, Marcia M.  Search this
Subject:
Tanner, Henry Ossawa  Search this
Glackens, Edith  Search this
Tough, Charles C.  Search this
Tanner, Jesse O.  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5638
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208472
AAA_collcode_mathmarc
Theme:
African American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208472

William Cushing Loring papers, 1899-1961

Creator:
Loring, William Cushing, 1879-  Search this
Subject:
Loring, Robert  Search this
Loring, Stanton D.  Search this
Loring, Helen  Search this
Loring, Elizabeth  Search this
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, Sir  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Chickering, Elmer  Search this
National Gallery (Great Britain)  Search this
Musée du Louvre  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Paintings
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris  Search this
Expatriate artists -- England -- London  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- England -- London  Search this
Educators -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5957
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208801
AAA_collcode_loriwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208801
Online Media:

Ellerton and Edith Jetté research material on William S. Horton, 1967-1969

Creator:
Jetté, Ellerton Marcel, 1899-1986  Search this
Jetté, Edith Kemper  Search this
Subject:
Horton, William S.  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6886
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209014
AAA_collcode_jettelle
Theme:
Diaries
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209014

William H. Johnson papers, 1922-1972, bulk 1926-1956

Creator:
Johnson, William H. (William Henry), 1901-1970  Search this
Subject:
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Johnson, Holcha Krake  Search this
Nierendorf, Karl  Search this
Hughes, Langston  Search this
Aden, Alonzo J.  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Harmon Foundation  Search this
Alma Reed Galleries  Search this
Barnett-Aden Gallery  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6889
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209018
AAA_collcode_johnwill
Theme:
African American
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209018
Online Media:

Katharine Livingston Bayard Johnson papers, 1830-1976

Creator:
Johnson, Katharine Livingston Bayard, 1845-1906  Search this
Subject:
Bellamy, Anna Muirson Johnson  Search this
Severy, Robert B.  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9288
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211483
AAA_collcode_johnkath
Theme:
Women
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211483

Walter Gay papers, 1870-1937

Creator:
Gay, Walter, 1856-1937  Search this
Subject:
Gay, Matilda Travers  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8963
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211150
AAA_collcode_gaywaltp
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211150
Online Media:

Michael Brenner papers, 1888-1976

Creator:
Brenner, Michael, 1885-1969  Search this
Subject:
Coady, Robert J.  Search this
Washington Square Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6801
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208928
AAA_collcode_brenmich
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208928

Alexander family papers relating to Henry Ossawa Tanner, 1912-1985

Creator:
Alexander family  Search this
Subject:
Alexander, Raymond Pace  Search this
Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell  Search this
Tanner, Henry Ossawa  Search this
Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Artists' contracts  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10243
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213337
AAA_collcode_alexande
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213337

Jerome Blum papers

Creator:
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Names:
Anderson, Sherwood, 1876-1941  Search this
Blum, Frances, -1970  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Tahiti -- Description and Travel
Date:
1915-circa 1969
bulk 1919-1935
Summary:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.

Correspondence with friends, relatives, colleagues, publishers, galleries, museums, and collectors document Blum's personal and professional life. Noted correspondents include Sherwood Anderson and Theodore Dreiser.

Blum was an avid writer. He published several short stories, and recorded reminiscences, thoughts, and daily events in a series of notebooks. These notes were the basis for Life Answered, an unpublished autobiography (eventually, edited and completed by Frances Blum). Also included are extensive notes and writings on a variety of subjects, including his extensive travels to Tahiti. Writings by other authors consist of critical statements about Jerome Blum and some of Frances Blum's writings on Theodore Dreiser.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1915-1933 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1915-1966 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1915-circa 1969 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1916-1965 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1920-1930 (2 folders; Box 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1915-1945 (6 folders; Box 3)
Biographical Note:
Jerome Blum (1884-1956) was a world traveler who found artistic inspiration while living in France and traveling to the American west, Hawaii, Japan, China, Cuba, and the South Seas (including a 10 month stay in Tahiti). Blum painted landscapes and seascapes of Southern France, and the many places he visited, as well as still lifes of exotic plants and fruits. He was living in Paris at the height of the Fauve movement and incorporated some of its ideas into his work, first inserting bold colors into his fairly conservative Post-Impressionist style. Later, he used significantly more saturated color, intense light, and bold forms.

Blum studied at the Francis J. Smith Art Academy in his native Chicago, and the Art Institute of Chicago. He went to Paris in 1906 with Lucile Swan, a sculptor and fellow student who eventually became his wife. There, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for a brief period, studying with Luc Olivier Merson. Blum remained in Paris until 1910, participated in the 1909 and 1910 Salons d'Automne and received exhibition offers from Galerie Sagot, Paris, and Anderson Galleries, New York. While in France, Blum knew expatriates Jo Davidson, Arthur Dove, Samuel Halpert, Alfred Maurer, and John Marin. Halpert became a mentor of sorts, instructing him in painting Post-Impressionist landscapes, to which Blum soon added Fauvist color.

Once back in Chicago, Blum developed close friendships with writers Sherwood Anderson, Theodore Dreiser, and Ben Hecht that lasted for decades. His one-man show at Thurber's Art Gallery in 1911 received very mixed reviews--most likely it was the first time the Fauve palette was seen by Chicagoans, and most thought it too radical. When the mayor purchased a Blum painting from a 1912 Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition, the proceeds enabled Blum to visit the American west. Later that year, Blum and Lucile Swan traveled in Europe. They were married in Paris and took an extended honeymoon, continuing to travel in France until the fall of the following year.

For a period of approximately 20 years, he exhibited extensively and enjoyed critical acclaim. During his many years of foreign residence, Blum returned to the United States periodically for exhibitions and family visits. He participated in a large number of solo exhibitions and group shows in the United States and France, including: Art Institute of Chicago, Arts Club of Chicago, O'Brien Galleries, and Albert Roullier Art Galleries in Chicago; Ainslie Galleries, Brooklyn Museum, Delphic Studios, Katz Gallery, M. Knoedler and Co., Whitney Museum of American Art, and Whitney Studio Club in New York; Worcester Art Museum and Boston Art Club in Massachusetts; Montlcair Art Museum in New Jersey; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia; and Galerie de la Renaissance in Paris. Blum is represented in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Blum returned to New York in 1924 and Lucile filed for divorce. An auction of his work was held at the Anderson Galleries that year; Augustus John, George Biddle, Chester Dale, M. Knoedler, Kraushaar Galleries, and Jo Davidson were among the successful bidders.

In 1925, he married Frances Baum, a psychiatric social worker. They settled in Dampierre, France for eight years, and during this period traveled extensively throughout the country. Always an unconventional and fiercely independent person, Blum's mental health was fragile and deteriorated markedly in the early 1930s, during which time his painting output decreased dramatically. The Blums spent part of 1934 at the MacDowell Colony in Petersborough, New Hampshire. Once his fellowship was over, they moved to Key West, Florida, where Blum became increasingly disturbed.

Blum was admitted to the Bloomingdale Hospital, a private psychiatric institution in White Plains, New York, in 1935. But after being diagnosed a "hopeless case," he was transferred to a state hospital. While hospitalized, Blum continued writing copious notes and made many appeals for release. He died at the Hudson River State Hospital, Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1956.
Separated Material:
Originals of loaned material, including typescripts of Sherwood Anderson's letters, most of Blum's Theodore Dreiser material, travel in China, scrapbooks, and drafts of portions of Life Answered - "Father and Mother," "Journal of the Last 20 Years," "Lucile," and "Marriage and Divorce" - were returned to Frances Blum after microfilming. Although this material is not technically part of the collection housed in the Archives of American Art, copies are available on microfilm reels D237 and D238.
Provenance:
The majority of the papers were donated or loaned for microfilming between 1965 and 1966 by Blum's widow, Frances Blum. A typescript copy of the final version of Life Answered was received in 1969.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Expatriate painters -- United States  Search this
Authors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jerome Blum papers, 1915-circa 1969, bulk 1919-1935. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blumjero
See more items in:
Jerome Blum papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e406aa7c-1860-44e8-aaf8-3d8681dca33f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blumjero
Online Media:

Charles Pollock papers

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Names:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1875-1994
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1945-1988 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1927-1994 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1931-1988 (0.8 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Writings, 1935-1965 (2 folders; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1930-1990 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1925-1949 (0.7 linear feet; Box 3, OV 5-8)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1875-1987 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock (1902-1988) lived and worked in East Lansing, Michigan, New York City, Detroit, and Paris, France and painted in a social realist style early in his career before transitioning to abstract works in the 1940s. He is also the eldest brother of the abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock.

Born in Denver, Colorado to Stella McClure and LeRoy Pollock, Pollock received his early art training at the Otis Institute in Los Angeles, California. In 1926, he moved to New York City to attend the Art Students League where he studied under Thomas Hart Benton, with whom Jackson also studied after joining Charles in New York in 1930. In New York, he met and married his first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, in 1931.

Pollock moved to Washington, D.C. in 1935 to work for the Resettlement Administration, and after two years, accepted a position as the political illustrator for the United Automobile Workers' newspaper in Detroit. After a short stint as the illustrator and layout editor for the paper, Pollock served as the supervisor of the Michigan WPA Mural Painting and Graphic Arts division from 1938 to 1942.

Upon completion of a three panel mural for Michigan State University in 1942, Pollock was invited to join the faculty of the art department, where he taught lettering, printmaking, typography, and design. During his twenty-five year tenure at the University, he also served as a book designer for the University's Press and continued to develop his abstract painting style. He met and married his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock, in 1957. Pollock served as the University of Pennsylvania's artist in residence in 1965 and 1967, and was the recipient of a National Foundation of Arts Grant (1967) and a Guggenheim Grant (1967-1968). The Pollocks moved to Paris in 1970, where Charles died of complications from a stroke in 1988.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock memoirs and the Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers.
Separated Materials:
Nine works of art included in the 1975 gift from Elizabeth Pollock were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, formerly the National Collection of Fine Arts, in 1976.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1975 by Pollock's first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, with assistance from Charles Pollock on the selection of items. Additional materials were donated in 1988 by his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock. From 1991 to 1994, Elizabeth Pollock gifted additional correspondence and photographs to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- France  Search this
Muralists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
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Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
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Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pollchar
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e0a28c09-daf6-4919-b503-d625e833fcef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pollchar
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