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International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951 - 2006
Scope and Contents:
Woodland joined IBM in 1951. An early inventor in optical bar code technology, his patent (US 2,612,994) covers a bar code symbol for automation of supermarket checkout. This series contains correspondence, memoranda, patents, notes, published materials, and lectures and presentations primarily about the development of the barcode (later referred to as the universal product code), created during Woodland's tenure at IBM. Other work undertaken by Woodland at IBM is also included here.

The development of standardized product codes was underwayfor many years but was uncoordinated. Various manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers, and industry organizations made efforts to establish barcodes that could be used to track products. Efforts failed because participants could not resolve conflicts about the size of the barcode, compatibility with exiting product codes, and costs. In 1970, the Grocery Industry Ad Hoc Committee formed to study and report on the economic potential of the universal product code (UPC) along with any obstacles. In April 1970, the committee concluded that the UPC should be adopted with the understanding that the UP should have broad application, not just for checkout systems. From 1972 to 1973, work continued on symbol standardization. In March 1973, the decision to adopt the rectangular symbol was announced.

There are materials post 1987, the year Woodland retired from IBM. These materials include lectures, presentations, and seminars about the barcode. The materials for 25 Years Behind the Bars exhibit include an audio interview with Woodland conducted on August 23, 1999 by curator David Allison of the National Museum of American History. The exhibit was located in the Museum's Information Technology and Society section and showed the development of the original symbology, its integration into the grocery industry, its massive effects on business, and the future uses of the famous black and white bars.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1433, Series 2
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep809c92843-60e7-47d5-8fb7-697669ab1deb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref17

Barcode, research and exhibit-related materials

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1992 - 2006
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 2: International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b01eb3c0-6e3d-4f07-8cfb-a4ba71cce723
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref95

25 Years Behind Bars, Celebrating the Silver Anniversary of the Universal Product Code (National Museum of American History exhibit)

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Extent:
4 Electronic discs (CD)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Electronic discs (cd)
Date:
1999 September 30
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 2: International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c2eb3a58-3e46-46a7-aa9d-87f069a9fe2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref96

The Longest Step: Astronauts Grissom and Young Suiting Up

Title:
Longest Step, Norman Rockwell
Astronaut:
John W. Young  Search this
Virgil (Gus) I. Grissom  Search this
Technician:
Joseph Schmitt  Search this
Artist:
Norman Rockwell  Search this
Medium:
Painting, oil on canvas
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 85.7 x 139.7 x 1.3cm (33 3/4 in. x 55 in. x 1/2 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 83.8 x 133cm (33 in. x 52 3/8 in.)
Type:
ART-Paintings
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1964-1965
Credit Line:
Gift of the Artist
Inventory Number:
A19740129000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv906b8ebb5-b75b-4af4-987c-9263c2c69dc5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19740129000
Online Media:

Houston

Title:
Houston
Artist:
Mitchell Jamieson  Search this
Medium:
Painting, Oil on Board
Dimensions:
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 126.2 × 248.9 × 4.4cm (49 11/16 in. × 98 in. × 1 3/4 in.)
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 120.7 x 241.3cm (47 1/2 in. x 95 in.)
Type:
ART-Paintings
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19760267000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b91e2ed0-c07c-459e-b6f3-aa34db0e0f95
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19760267000

Educating the Public through the Use of Maps & GIS: Providing Geographic Context for Museum Exhibits

Author:
Cole, Daniel G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2018
Citation:
Cole, Daniel G. 2018. Educating the Public through the Use of Maps & GIS: Providing Geographic Context for Museum Exhibits [presentation]. International Geographical Union; Canadian Association of Geographers; National Council for Geographic Education joint conference, 2018.
Identifier:
150819
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_150819

Watch as Enrique produces and assembles a Frank vitrine!

Creator:
Smithsonian Exhibits  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-07-21T20:30:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianExhibits
Data Source:
Smithsonian Exhibits
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianExhibits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_5pWTVluySAY

Smithsonian Exhibits' Graphics Production

Creator:
Smithsonian Exhibits  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-06-01T13:43:08.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
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SmithsonianExhibits
Data Source:
Smithsonian Exhibits
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianExhibits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Ih8crJgabnU

Making a 3D Printed Object Mount

Creator:
Smithsonian Exhibits  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-05-28T13:10:59.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianExhibits
Data Source:
Smithsonian Exhibits
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianExhibits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Yi89d2CUvYM

Spark!Lab Installation

Creator:
Smithsonian Exhibits  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-08-25T02:49:03.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianExhibits
Data Source:
Smithsonian Exhibits
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianExhibits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_mK00YPwmJ9A

Designing the Beyond Bollywood Exhibit

Creator:
Smithsonian Exhibits  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-06-01T14:00:25.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianExhibits
Data Source:
Smithsonian Exhibits
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianExhibits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_uXa8uEmYHCY

Eva Zeisel: Life and Design Stories Spanning a Century

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-12-13T20:59:11.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-1ddJLkUfco

Bill's Design Talks: David Owen and Our Green Metropolis

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-07-06T15:31:23.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-AHdu7TUIeo

Ted Muehling and Sarah Coffin: Gallery Walkthrough

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-12-16T02:30:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-HHK8Yubc4E

How Posters Work Trailer - David Dale

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-04-23T23:46:09.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-h1Q4JuuOKM

Glass Lab at Governors Island

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-07-21T11:13:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-kNjedlrwm4

Pixar's John Lasseter in Conversation with Michael Bierut (1 of 2)

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-24T18:22:07.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_00hDSOCQy4s

Michael Eden on Bloom Vase

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-11-25T20:24:34.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_05dBwtN4Fyc

Modest Fashion on Instagram | Contemporary Muslim Fashions

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-02-28T17:06:48.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_0PZcBEeLyEQ

Contemporary Muslim Fashions Exhibition

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-12-05T20:45:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_0mQ_SVoR_wo

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