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The Natufian culture in the Levant / edited by Ofer Bar-Yosef & François R. Valla

Author:
Bar-Yosef, Ofer  Search this
Valla, François Raymond  Search this
Physical description:
v, 644 p. : ill., maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
Natufian culture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
GN774.3.N38 N28 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_463918

The politics of the past the representation of the ancient empires by Iran's modern states Maryam Dezhamkhooy and Leila Papoli-Yazdi ; illustrations by Ali Roustaeeyanfard

Author:
Dezhamkhooy, Maryam  Search this
Papoli-Yazdi, Leila  Search this
Illustrator:
Roustaeeyanfard, Ali  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 147 pages illustrations (some color), color maps 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Iran
Date:
2018
To 640
Jusqu'à 651
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Historiography--Political aspects  Search this
Imperialism--History  Search this
Archaeology and history  Search this
Impérialisme--Histoire  Search this
Archéologie et histoire  Search this
historical archaeology  Search this
Civilization--Historiography  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Imperialism  Search this
Historiography  Search this
Civilisation  Search this
Historiographie  Search this
Antiquités  Search this
Call number:
DS261 .D49 2018
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153267

Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers

Creator:
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Solecki, Rose L.  Search this
Extent:
104 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Shanidar Cave (Iraq)
Alaska -- Archaeology
Date:
1902-2020
bulk 1951-1999
Summary:
The papers of Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki, 1904-2017 (bulk 1951-1999) primarily document their archaeological excavations and subsequent analysis of sites in Southwest Asia including Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar in northern Iraq; Yabroud, Syria; and Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh, Lebanon primarily during the 1950s-1980s. The papers also include their work at other sites throughout the Near East and North America and files relating to the professional careers at the Smithsonian Institution, Columbia University, and Texas A&M University. The collection consists of field notes, data and analysis, manuscript drafts, publications, correspondence, illustrations and maps, photographic prints, negatives, slides, and recorded film.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki document their archaeological excavations and subsequent analysis of sites in Southwest Asia including Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar in northern Iraq; Yabroud, Syria; Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh, Lebanon primarily during the 1950s-1980s. The papers also reflect their academic careers as students and faculty at Columbia University, staff at the Smithsonian Institution, and adjunct faculty at Texas A&M University.

The bulk of the collection consists of materials relating to the Soleckis' archaeological excavations at Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar in northern Iraq (1951-1960); Yabroud, Syria and locations in Turkey as part of the Columbia University Near East expeditions (or C.U.N.E.) (1963-1965, 1981, 1987-1988); Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh, Lebanon (1969-1973). These materials include field notebooks, excavation catalogs, research notes, data analysis, manuscript drafts, publications, correspondence, illustrations, maps, photographs, slides, sound recordings, and film. Similar materials from other expeditions and projects include aerial photography projects in the 1950s-1960s; expeditions to Alaska in 1949 and 1961; expeditions to Sudan (as part of the Columbia University Nubian Expedition, also abbreviated C.U.N.E.) and Iran in the 1960s-1970s; Rose's work in Peru and Afghanistan in the 1950s; and various archaeological projects elsewhere in North America such as Ralph's work with the River Basin Surveys in the 1940s-1950s contain similar materials.

The papers also contain research and teaching files in the form of annotated publications, course materials, student theses, and other files from their time as students and faculty at Columbia University, staff at the Smithsonian Institution, and adjunct faculty at Texas A&M University. Correspondence and administrative files such as grant applications, daybooks, and departmental forms and files from their professional careers are also within the collection. Personal files, while sparse, are also represented.

Please note that the collection contains images of human remains.
Arrangement:
The Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers are divided into 7 series:

• Series 1: Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar, Iraq, 1947-2017 (bulk 1951-1990)

• Series 2: Yabroud, Syria and Other Localities, 1950-2017 (bulk 1964-1988)

• Series 3: Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh, Lebanon, 1968-2008 (bulk 1969-1973)

• Series 4: Other Expeditions and Projects, 1930-1986, 2006

• Series 5: Research and Teaching Files, 1912-2012 (bulk 1950-2000)

• Series 6: Correspondence and Administrative Files, 1937-2020 (bulk: 1950-2000)

• Series 7: Personal Files, 1902-2014 (bulk: 1950-2000)
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph S. Solecki (1917-2019) and Rose L. Solecki (b. 1925) are archaeologists that worked in the Near East at Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar in northern Iraq (1951-1960); Yabroud, Syria (1963-1965, 1981, 1987); and Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh in Lebanon (1969-1973). Ralph Solecki also conducted archaeological field work in North America at sites in Nebraska, Alaska, and New York as well as with the Smithsonian Institution's River Basin Surveys. From 1958-1988, Ralph Solecki was a professor of anthropology at Columbia University. The Soleckis became adjunct faculty at Texas A&M University.

Stefan Ralph Solecki was born on October 15th, 1917 in Brooklyn, New York. After graduating from Newtown High School in 1936, he attended the City College of New York from 1936-1941 and received a B.S. in Geology in 1942. Solecki then served in the US Army and fought in World War II. He was discharged in 1945. In 1946, Solecki enrolled at Columbia University to study Anthropology, and he received a M.A. degree in 1950. During this time, Solecki worked for the River Basin Surveys at the Smithsonian Institution. He also accompanied a geological survey to northern Alaska in 1949 (and later in 1961). In 1951, he became an associate curator of archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution. In that same year, he traveled to Iraq to survey prehistoric sites and began Season I of excavation at Shanidar Cave. Solecki then received a Fulbright fellowship to return to Iraq in 1953-1954 to continue excavations at Shanidar Cave (Season II) and conduct research at the Iraq Museum in Baghdad. In 1958, he received his PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University and accepted a faculty position within the Department of Anthropology at Columbia University. Following the final two seasons of excavation at Shanidar Cave (see below for details on Season III and IV), Solecki led a number of Columbia University expeditions to various locations around the Middle East, Africa, and Europe. He also spent three seasons (1963-1964, 1981, 1987) surveying and excavating the site of Yabroud in Syria and three field seasons excavating the sites of Nahr Ibrahim (1969, 1970, 1973) and El Masloukh (1969) in Lebanon. Solecki retired from Columbia University in 1988.

Rose Muriel (née Lilien) Solecki was born on November 18th, 1925 in New York City, New York. She completed her undergraduate studies in Anthropology from Hunter College in 1945, and she went on to receive her M.A. and PhD degrees in Anthropology from Columbia University. While at Columbia, she joined the American Museum of Natural History's 2nd expedition to Afghanistan in 1950. She also studied under William Duncan Strong and joined Strong's excavations in Peru from 1952-1953. Rose Solecki acted as a research associate within the Department of Anthropology at Columbia University until Ralph Solecki's retirement in 1988.

Ralph and Rose met at Columbia University as students and married in 1955. In 1956-1957, both Ralph and Rose Solecki travelled to Iraq, where Ralph conducted a third season of excavation at Shanidar Cave and Rose excavated the nearby Zawi Chemi Shanidar village site. In 1960, the Soleckis returned for a fourth and final field season of excavation at Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar, where they were accompanied by Smithsonian Institution curator of Physical Anthropology, T. Dale Stewart. Ralph and Rose Solecki both held positions at Columbia University until Ralph's retirement in 1988. In 1990, Ralph and Rose served as adjunct professors at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. In 2000, they left Texas A&M University and moved to South Orange, New Jersey.

Ralph Solecki died in Livingston, New Jersey on March 20, 2019.

Chronology of the Life of Ralph S. Solecki

1917 October 15 -- Born in Brooklyn, New York, USA

1942 -- B.S. in Geology from City College of New York

1942-1945 -- Served in the United States Army during World War II

1948 -- Started working with the Smithsonian Institution's River Basin Surveys

1948-1949 -- Accompanied a United States Geological Survey party to the upper Kokpowruk and Kokolik rivers at the Brooks Range in northwestern Alaska

1950 -- M.A. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1951 -- First field season at Shanidar Cave, Iraq

1953-1954 -- Fulbright fellowship to conduct fieldwork in Iraq Second field season at Shanidar Cave, Iraq Shanidar Child skeleton discovered

1955 -- Married Rose M. Lilien

1956-1957 -- Third field season at Shanidar Cave, Iraq Shanidar I, II, and III skeletons discovered

1958 -- Appointed Associate Curator of Archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University Accepted post at Columbia University as Associate Professor of Anthropology

1960 -- Fourth field season at Shanidar Cave Shanidar IV, V, VI, VII (or IV-VII), and VIII skeletons discovered

1961-1962 -- Columbia University Nubian Expedition to Sudan

1963 -- Columbia University Near East (C.U.N.E.) Expedition to Seberde, Turkey and Yabroud, Syria

1964-1965 -- Columbia University Near East (C.U.N.E.) Expedition to Yabroud, Syria

1969-1973 -- Three field seasons at Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh, Lebanon

1971 -- Authored Shanidar: The First Flower People

1981 -- Archaeological survey at Yabroud, Syria

1987-1988 -- Field season at Yabroud, Syria

1988 -- Retired from Columbia University

1990-2000 -- Served as Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at Texas A&M University

2004 -- Coauthored The Proto-Neolithic Cemetery in Shanidar Cave with Rose L. Solecki and Anagnostis P. Agelarakis

2019 March 20 -- Died in Livingston, New Jersey

Chronology of the Life of Rose L. Solecki

1925 November 18 -- Born in New York City, New York

circa 1945 -- B.S. in Anthropology at Hunter College

1946 -- Enrolled at Columbia University

1950 -- Joined the American Museum of Natural History's Second Archaeological Expedition to Afghanistan

1952-1953 -- Field season in Peru under William Duncan Strong

1956 -- PhD from Columbia University

1956-1957 -- First field season at Zawi Chemi Shanidar, Iraq

1960 -- Second field season at Zawi Chemi Shanidar, Iraq

1990-2000 -- Served as Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at Texas A&M University

2004 -- Coauthored The Proto-Neolithic Cemetery in Shanidar Cave with Ralph S. Solecki and Anagnostis P. Agelarakis
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology contains archaeological and ethnological collections relating to the work of Ralph and Rose Solecki including accession numbers 187539, 187542, 189439, 202536, 209544, 217009, 220078, 220920, 224347, 224956, 228740, 232170, 242336, 249217, 356696. Accession 220078 contains archaeological and archaeobiological material excavated by Ralph and Rose Solecki at Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar. An accretion transferred in 2016 was cataloged as part of the Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki Papers and Artifacts Project (2017-2019) and cross-references excavation and artifact analysis within the Solecki papers.

The NMNH Department of Anthropology's Collections also holds uncatalogued material from the Yabroud sites as well as material from Turkey potentially excavated during the 1963 field season; the Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh sitesin Lebanon in 1969, 1970, and 1973; Europe including material from France, Poland, England, Denmark, and Belgium in the 1960s; and from Sudan during the Columbia University Nubian Expedition (CUNE) to Sudan and Egypt in 1961.

The Iraq Museum in Baghdad holds archaeolgical material from the Shanidar Cave and Zawi Chemi Shanidar sites excavated by Ralph and Rose Solecki.

Archaeological material excavated by Ralph Solecki from the Yabroud sites in Syria is held at the National Museum of Damascus in Syria.

Texas A&M University's Anthropology Research Collections holds material excavated by the Soleckis from the Nahr Ibrahim and El Masloukh sites and possibly material from Shanidar Cave.

Records relating to the American Museum of Natural History's Expeditions to Afghanistan may be found in the Special Collections of the American Museum of Natural History's Research Library as well as a collection titled "Field diary, Second Afghan Expedition, American Museum of Natural History, 1950-08 - 1951-02" at the Harvard University Library.

Artifacts and archival material excavated and created by the Soleckis from the 1968 field season at the Tepe Seavan site in Iran can be found at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Archaeological and archival material related to the Soleckis work in New York and surrounding localities are housed at the American Museum of Natural History and other local historical societies.
Separated Materials:
Materials containing personally identifiable information (PII) and born digital materials have been separated, and research access is restricted. In some instances, documents have been copied and redacted; however, in other cases, the entire file has been restricted. Please contact the repository for more information about restricted materials.

Photographs of anthropologists were also separated and added to Photo Lot 92-35.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ralph and Rose Solecki and their sons, John and William, in 2016, 2018, and 2019.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Occupation:
Women archaeologists  Search this
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Archaeology -- Iraq  Search this
Archaeologists  Search this
Early man -- Neanderthal  Search this
Human evolution  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Archaeology -- United States  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Middle East  Search this
Citation:
Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2016-29
See more items in:
Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31877394a-46ab-49fa-b941-094b0f6e3760
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-29
Online Media:

Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
393 Items (Squeezes, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Iran
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Date:
1911-1934
undated
Scope and Contents:
The references to N- and SK-refer to Notebooks and Sketchbooks in the Collection. The squeezes are divided into Arabic script, Middle Persian and Cuneiform. The number of the squeeze comes first, followed by the negative number, when a photographic negative exists.
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Arabic language reads, "100 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Bistam (Iran), Congregational Mosque, 1 Inscription in Floral Kufic Script, 5 items. Isfahan (Iran), Tomb in Imamzada Ismail Mausoleum and Tomb in Masjid-i ʿAli, 4 inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 4 items. Kale i Khosrawi (Iran), unidentified building, 1 Inscription in Kufic Script, 1 item. Pasargadae (Iran), Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, 9 inscriptions, 20 items. Pasargadae (Iran), Gate R (Palace with the Relief), 1 inscription, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 5 Inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 6 items. Rayy (Iran), Tughril Mausoleum, 1 Inscription, 1 item. al-Dūr (Iraq), Mausoleum Imām al-Dūr, 1 inscription, 1 item. Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), Balkuwārā Palace, 1 sgraffito, 1 item. Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), unidentified building, 1 inscription, 4 items. Shiraz (Iran), Khatun Mausoleum, 2 inscriptions, in Naskhi Script, 2 items. Shiraz (Iran), Shāh Dāʿi, 3 inscriptions, 3 items. Sunghur (Iran), unidentified gravestone, 2 inscriptions, in Kufic Script, 4 items. Taq-i Bustan (Iran), Sassanid Rock Reliefs, 3 inscriptions, 4 items. Tus (Iran), Haruniya Mausoleum, 4 inscriptions, 10 items. Miscellaneous objects, 33 items related to unidentified Arabic inscriptions on diverse objects and 1 item related to unidentified Cuneiform inscription."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Cuneiform writing reads, "129 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Tomb of Darius I, 3 inscriptions, DNb: Old Persian Version, 30 items; Akkadian Version, 30 items; Elamite Version, 9 items. Persepolis (Iran), Southern Terrace Wall, 4 "Foundation Inscriptions," DPd: Old Persian Version, 5 items, DPe: Old Persian Version, 7 items, DPf: Elamite Version, 7 items, DPg: Akkadian Version, 8 items. Persepolis (Iran), Apadana, 1 Inscription, XPba, Old Persian Version, 7 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 4 Inscriptions, XPca: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 3 items; XPcb: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 5 items; A3Pb: Old Persian Version, 3 items; DPa?: Elamite Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Hadish, 1 Inscription, XPd(west): Old Persian Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Palace H, 1 Inscription, A3Pc: Old Persian Version, 4 items. Persepolis (Iran), unidentified, 1 Inscription, XPb? or XPd?: Akkadian Version, 2 items. Sarpul (Iran), Rock Relief depicting Triumph of Annubanini, 1 inscription, Akkadian version, 1 item. Bonze tablets, 'Abdadana Tablet', 3 items; unidentified tablet, 2 items."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes from the Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq) reads, "164 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 98 items. Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Parthian version, 63 items. . Paikuli (Iraq), Unidentified inscription, Unidentified version, 2 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 1 item."
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized into three subdivisions: FSA A.6 06.A, 100 items, inscriptions in Arabic language. FSA A.6 06.C, 129 items, inscriptions in Cuneiform writing. FSA A.6 06.M, 164 items, Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 6
General:
- For the Arabic inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Iran in the Ancient East. Archaeological Studies Presented in the Lowell Lectures at Boston. London: Oxford University Press, 1941," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Cuneiform inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on the publication, "Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum; Part I, Inscriptions of Ancient Iran; Vol. I, The Old Persian Inscriptions; Portfolio I: Plates i-xlviii. Old Persian Inscriptions of the Persepolis platform. Edited by A. Shapur Shahbazi. Published by Lund Humphries, London, 1985;" and Roland G. Kent's publication, "Old Persian. Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. 2nd Revised Edition. American Oriental Society, Vol. 33. American Oriental Society, New Haven, Connecticut, 1953," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924;" Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980;" and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series VI: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
For the Arabic inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to several archaeological campaigns carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in the Middle East, from 1908 to 1934.
For the Cuneiform inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to a trial excavation at Persepolis and several nearby sites carried out by Ernst Herzfeld from December 1923 through March 1924 as well as an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis under the auspice of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, from 1931 to 1934.
For the Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to three expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911, 1913, and 1923, as well as an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis and several nearby sites, from December 1923 through March 1924.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 6
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc33c72b3d9-f22e-4617-9fec-2e0245574d41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9924

Donald J. Ortner Papers

Creator:
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Names:
Paleopathology Association  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthroplogy  Search this
University of Bradford  Search this
Frohlich, Bruno, 1945-  Search this
Putschar, Walter G. J., 1904-1987  Search this
Extent:
44.37 Linear feet (96 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Place:
Virginia
England
Jordan
Peru
Date:
1963-2013
Summary:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers, dated 1963 to 2013, document his research and professional activities while working in the Division of Physical Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History. They primarily deal with his contributions to the field of paleopathology and his work with specimens from Bab edh-Dhra, Jordan and Chichester, England. The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, files related to Ortner's publications, specimen observations and analysis, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers primarily document his projects, research, and correspondence working as a biological anthropologist in the Division of Physical Anthropology of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 until his death in 2012. The bulk of the projects represented relate to his work in paleopathology, such as the Near Eastern skeletal biology program in Jordan and the medieval skeletal disease project in England. The collection consists of notes, research materials, correspondence, data and data analysis, transcripts of specimen observations, maps, blueprints, artwork, negatives, slides, photographs, CD-Roms, floppy discs, and sound cassettes.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1966-2012; Series 2. Subject files, 1965-2013, undated; Series 3. Near Eastern Skeletal Biology Program, 1977-2010, undated; Series 4. Medieval Skeletal Disease Project, 1988-2006, undated; Series 5. Other publications, projects, and research, 1963-2011, undated; Series 6. Professional activities, 1971-2007, undated; Series 7. Biographical and office files, 1963-2011, undated; Series 8. Artwork, 1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Donald J. Ortner was a biological anthropologist in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). By the time of his death, Ortner had served in many positions at the Museum, including Acting Director (1994-1996). His areas of expertise included human paleopathology, human health in medieval England, bioarcheology of the ancient Near East, and the history and evoluton of human infectious diseases. Ortner was a founding member of the Paleopathology Association.

Ortner was born in 1938 in Stoneham, Massachusetts and arrived at the NMNH in 1963, working primarily with J. Lawrence Angel who had recently started as Curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology. While working at the Museum, Ortner completed his Master's in Anthropology in 1967 and received his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1970. His doctoral dissertation was on The Effects of Aging and Disease on the Micromorphology of Human Compact Bone.

Ortner worked with Walter G. J. Putschar, a pathologist based at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, on a series of short-courses (1971-1974) on paleopathology at the Smithsonian. During the summer of 1974, Putschar and Ortner traveled to Europe (London, Edinburgh, Zurich, Strasbourg, Vienna, Prague) studying and photographing examples of skeletal pathology in museums and other repositories. The result of this research was the book Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains published in 1981, with later editions in 1985 and 2003.

In 1977, Ortner joined the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain directed by archaeologists Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub, focusing on the site of Bab edh-Dhra. Ortner studied the tombs and skeletons for data indicating cultural and biological changes, especially urbanization and connection to the development of other "Western civilizations." Ortner participated in two more field seasons in Bab edh-Dhra in 1979 and 1981. From his research at Bab-edh-Dhra, Ortner published many scholarly articles and recreated two tombs for the Hall of Western Civilization at NMNH.

In 1988, Ortner began his collaboration with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England, teaching short-courses on paleopathology. While a Visiting Professor at the University, he also participated in a project on human health and disease in Medieval England. The project focused on leprosy and syphilis in skeletons from St. James Hospital's leprosarium cemetery in Chichester, Wharram Perry, and Magistrates' Court in Kingston-upon-Hull. He received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University in 1995.

Donald J. Ortner died on April 29th, 2012 in Maryland.

Sources consulted:

Ubelaker, D. H. "Obituary: Donald J. Ortner (1938–2012)." American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149 (2012): 155–156.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo and Ann Kaupp. "Donald J. Ortner, Sr. (1939-2012)." Anthropolog: Newsletter of the Department of Anthropology, Spring 2012: 1-3.

Chronology

1938 -- Born on August 23 in Stoneham, Massachusetts.

1960 -- Received B.A. in Zoology from Columbia Union College in Takoma Park, Maryland.

1963 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1967 -- Received M.A. in Anthropology from Syracuse University.

1969 -- Promoted to Assistant Curator.

1970 -- Received Ph.D. from the University of Kansas.

1971 -- Promoted to Associate Curator.

1971-1975 -- Taught part-time at the University of Maryland.

1974 -- Spent summer with Dr. Walter G. J. Putschar studying pathological specimens in Europe.

1976 -- Promoted to Curator in the Anthropology Department, National Museum of Natural History.

1977 -- First field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1979 -- Second field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1981 -- Third field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1988 -- Began association with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England.

1988-1992 -- Chairman of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.

1994-1996 -- Acting Director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1995 -- Awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science degree from the University of Bradford.

1999-2001 -- President of the Paleopathology Association.

2005 -- Received Eve Cockburn Award from the Paleopathology Association in recognition of his contributions in the field of paleopathology.

2012 -- Died on April 29 in Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following photo lots depicting Donald J. Ortner can be found at the NAA:

Photo Lot 7D: Photograph of attendees after American Anthropological Association annual meeting, 1965

Photo Lot 7A: Portraits made at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1970

Photo Lot 77-45: Photograph of Smithsonian Institution physical anthropologists, circa 1977

Photo Lot 4822: Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated

Sound recordings of Donald J. Ortner at the NAA:

John Lawrence Angel Papers, Sound Recordings, "How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey," November 9, 1981

Other collections at the NAA in which Donald J. Ortner is a correspondent or creator of material:

Records of the Department of Anthropology, 1877-1980

Department of Anthropology Annual Reports, 1920-1983

John Lawrence Angel Papers, 1930s-1980s

Three films that document Ortner's work in Bab edh-Dhra are located in the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA):

Film number 2000.9.1, The Bones of Bab edh-Dhra, ca. 1970s

Film number 2000.9.3, Bab edh-Dhra Film Project, 1970-1980

Film number 2014.3, City of the Dead, 1978

The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the original City of the Dead in Accession 05-282, Office of Telecommunications, Productions.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 2014.
Restrictions:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers are open for research.

Access to the Donald J. Ortner Papers requires an appointment.

Requests to view forensic files are subject to review by the NAA. Forensic files can only be viewed in the National Anthropological Archives reading room. No copies are permitted unless permission is granted by the agency the report was written for.

Electronic records are unavailable for research. Please contact the reference archivist for additional information.

Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropologists -- United States  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Middle East  Search this
Scurvy  Search this
Leprosy -- Research  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Bāb edh-Dhrā Site (Jordan)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- England  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Paleopathology  Search this
Bronze age  Search this
Chichester (England)  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald J. Ortner Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2014-07
See more items in:
Donald J. Ortner Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34f215cb8-26a6-4988-9af5-a94af54f4ac3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-07

Archaeological perspectives on the transmission and transformation of culture in the Eastern Mediterranean edited by Joanne Clarke

Author:
Clarke, Joanne 1953-  Search this
Council for British Research in the Levant  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xii, 218 pages) illustrations, maps
Type:
Congresses
Congrès
Conference papers and proceedings
History
Place:
Middle East
Moyen-Orient
Date:
2005
To 1500
Jusqu'à 1500
To 622
Jusqu'à 622
Topic:
Commerce, Prehistoric  Search this
Culture diffusion--History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)--Interpretive programs  Search this
Commerce préhistorique  Search this
Diffusion culturelle--Histoire  Search this
Fouilles (Archéologie)--Programmes d'interprétation  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Culture diffusion  Search this
History  Search this
Histoire  Search this
Civilisation  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1158384

The first thousand years of glass-making in the ancient Near East compositional analyses of late Bronze and Iron Age glasses Wendy Reade

Author:
Reade, Wendy  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 249 pages illustrations (some color) 29 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
History
Place:
Middle East
Moyen-Orient
Date:
2021
To 1500
Topic:
Glassware, Ancient  Search this
Glassware industry--History  Search this
Glass--History  Search this
Glass manufacture--History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Verrerie antique  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Glass  Search this
Glass manufacture  Search this
Glassware industry  Search this
Antiquités  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1155472

Israel Museum studies in archaeology

Title:
IMSA
Author:
Samuel Bronfman Biblical and Archaeological Museum (Jerusalem)  Search this
Subject:
Samuel Bronfman Biblical and Archaeological Museum (Jerusalem)  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
Palestine
Middle East
Date:
2002
C2002-
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS111.A1 I873
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_727558

Bioarchaeology of the Near East

Type:
Periodicals
Electronic journals
Place:
Middle East
Date:
2007
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Ethnoarchaeology  Search this
History, Ancient  Search this
Human skeleton--Analysis  Search this
Paleoanthropology  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_923307

Domesticating space : construction, community, and cosmology in the late prehistoric Near East / edited by E.B. Banning and Michael Chazan

Author:
Banning, E. B (Edward Bruce) 1955-  Search this
Chazan, Michael  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : ill., maps, plans ; 30 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
Middle East
Date:
2006
Topic:
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Cities and towns, Ancient  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_923557

Confronting the past : archaeological and historical essays on ancient Israel in honor of William G. Dever / edited by Seymour Gitin, J. Edward Wright, and J. P. Dessel

Author:
Dever, William G  Search this
Gitin, Seymour  Search this
Wright, J. Edward  Search this
Dessel, J. P  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 376 p. : ill ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Palestine
Middle East
Israel
Date:
2006
To 70 A.D
To 622
Topic:
Bronze age  Search this
Iron age  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_923559

Archaeological perspectives on the transmission and transformation of culture in the Eastern Mediterranean / edited by Joanne Clarke

Author:
Clarke, Joanne, 1953-  Search this
Council for British Research in the Levant  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 218 p. : ill., maps ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
2005
C2005
To 1500
To 622
Topic:
Commerce, Prehistoric  Search this
Culture diffusion--History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)--Interpretive programs  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Call number:
DS56 .A733 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_867637

Archaeological stratigraphy : a Near Eastern approach / David A. Warburton ; with suggestions on the description of archaeological deposits based on discussions with James A. Armstrong ... [et al.]

Author:
Warburton, David  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 132 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
2003
Topic:
Archaeological geology  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Event stratigraphy  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
CC77.5 .W37 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_869652

Between the rivers and over the mountains : archaeologica Anatolica et Mesopotamica : Alba Palmieri dedicata / edited by M. Frangipane ... [et al.]

Author:
Palmieri, Alba  Search this
Frangipane, M (Marcella)  Search this
Università degli studi di Roma "La Sapienza." Dipartimento di scienze storiche, archeologiche ed antropoligiche dell'antichità  Search this
Subject:
Palmieri, Alba  Search this
Physical description:
625 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1993
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS56 .B477 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_881069

From Sumer to Meluhha : contributions to the archaeology of South and West Asia in memory of George F. Dales, Jr. / edited by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

Author:
Kenoyer, Jonathan M  Search this
University of Wisconsin--Madison Department of Anthropology  Search this
Subject:
Dales, George F  Search this
Physical description:
xxxii, 346 p. : ill., maps, plans, ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Asia
Middle East
Date:
1994
C1994
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS338 .F76 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_889006

The development of a metallurgical technology : documented early finds of metals in the Near East and the evidence from Hasanlu, Iran / Clifford Charles Lamberg-Karlovsky

Author:
Lamberg-Karlovsky, C. C. 1937-  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 331 leaves : ill. ; cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Iran
Hasanlu Site
Hasanlu Site (Iran)
Date:
1965
Topic:
Metallurgy--History  Search this
Metallurgy  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
TN616 .L35 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_873014

Königsthron und Gottesthron : Thronformen und Throndarstellungen in Ägypten und im Vorderen Orient im dritten und zweiten Jahrtausend vor Christus und deren Bedeutung für das Verständnis von Aussagen über den Thron im Alten Testament / von Martin Metzger

Author:
Metzger, Martin  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Egypt
Date:
1985
Topic:
Thrones  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Thrones in the Bible  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS56 .M49
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_883325

Discovering buried worlds. [Translated by Edwin Hudson

Author:
Parrot, André 1901-1980  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. illus. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1955
[1955]
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS70 .P26 E1955
DS70.P26 E1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_91055

The comparative archeology of early Mesopotamia / by Ann Louise Perkins

Author:
Perkins, Ann Louise 1915-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 200 p., [13] folded leaves of plates : ill., map, plans ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iraq
Middle East
Date:
1949
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS70 .P47
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_885125

Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 29 March - 3 April 2004, Freie Universität Berlin / edited by Hartmut Kühne, Rainer M. Czichon, and Florian Janoscha Kreppner

Title:
4 ICAANE
Author:
International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (4th : 2004 : Freie Universität Berlin)  Search this
Kühne, Hartmut  Search this
Czichon, Rainer Maria 1961-  Search this
Kreppner, Florian Janoscha  Search this
Freie Universität Berlin  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
Middle East
Date:
2008
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Art, Ancient  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_901335

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