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Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
14,500 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Drawings
Clippings
Date:
ca. 1860s-1960s
Scope and Contents:
Consists of photographs collected by the United States National Museum (USNM) Division of Ethnology and later by the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA). Coverage is worldwide outside North America. Most of the items are photographic prints, some in albums. There are also negatives, photomechanical prints, artwork, and newsclippings. For the most part, the material is historical or ethnological, including images of specimens, portraits, and scenes of daily activity. Some landscape views are also included.
Arrangement:
Arranged by geographic area, generally following George P. Murdockʹs Outline of World Cultures.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Clippings
Citation:
Photo lot 97, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.97
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3361718ad-0211-4be3-805f-10163a0c4dc2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-97
Online Media:

Payouska - chief of the Great Osages

Creator:
Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de, 1770-1852  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Osage  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Hair is worn long. Sketch shows him in uniform, with silver band on arm. He wears the silver medal presented by the United States to chiefs. Inscribed twice in St Memin's handwriting "Payouska Chef des Grands Osages."
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.4090
Local Note:
See New York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin, April 1928, "The St Memin Indian Portraits," by Luke Vincent Lockwood, Member American Antiquarian Society. (Figure 1).
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de, 1770-1852
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39b59067e-b823-48ab-a90f-62332ccfebcb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref10170

Full length painting of Clarence B. King

Creator:
Zorn, Andres  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (4 1/4x9 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
Oct 4 1883
Scope and Contents:
"10-4-53 / Zorn," handwritten on painting.
Biographical / Historical:
Andres Zorn (1860-1920) was a Swedish artist who spent many years in the United States.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG MHT.5824
Local Note:
Black and white original film negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Zorn, Andres
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw391daf96f-71ec-4189-b79c-3913fbe74bad
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref11161

[Watercolor of Cooking in a pot]

Creator:
White, John  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Algonquian -- Southern  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Watercolor by John White, ca. 1585, on the coast of present North Caroline (at that time called "Virginia"). Copied from a photoengraving published in W.H. Holmes, "Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States," 20th Annual Report, BAE, Washington, DC, 1903, Plate II. The original watercolor is in the British Museum.
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.867
Topic:
Algonquin  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / White, John
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30ea18570-df2f-479c-9a90-b50dd2c02bc8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12399

Fish-weir of coastal North Carolina Indians

Creator:
White, John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Algonquian -- Southern  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
North Carolina
Date:
1585
Scope and Contents:
Based on the original drawing by John White, 1585.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.53519
Local Note:
Copy (1/64) from illustration in Otis T. Mason, "Aboriginal American Basketry", United States National Museum Annual Report, 1902 (figure 120).
Black and white film negative
Topic:
Algonquin  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / White, John
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36fc159e8-1b21-4b3c-8963-9558327f215e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref6337

"Transporting the Wounded"

Engraver:
Wagstaff, C. E.  Search this
Andrews, J.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (6 1/2x8 1/4 in)
Culture:
American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1852
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.2860 II
Local Note:
While at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, 1842-1848, Eastman did an oil of this subject (McDermott, page 60) but the canvas has never been located (op. cit., page 61).
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Wagstaff, C. E.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw353bc47d3-135e-4dd2-85cd-a45ffa3c5493
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref6580

"View N. E. over the Plains beyond Bismark, [Dakota Terr.]"

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory
Date:
Aug 7 1873
Scope and Contents:
"View N. E. over the Plains beyond Bismark. Aug. 7. 1873," and "F[ort] Abraham Lincoln, D. T.," pencilled below drawing by John S. Poland; cf. Poland's handwriting on negative Number 56738.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56734
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3366a9fce-d561-4a80-b5a2-dda5248d5dee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9428

Camp at Heart River, Dakota Territory

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Heart River
Date:
Sep 7 1873
Scope and Contents:
"Camp No. 3, Co. A, 6 Infy., Heart River, D. T., Sept. 7, 73," pencilled below sketch by John S. Poland; cf. Poland's handwriting on negative Number 56738.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56735
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw321917cf9-922d-4f32-b04b-263e0019ddda
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9429

View looking north across Curlew Valley, Dakota Territory

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Curlew Valley
Date:
May 28 1879
Scope and Contents:
"View from Camp Co. A., 6 Infantry, looking north across Curlew Valley, D. T., May 28, 79," pencilled below sketch by John S. Poland; cf. Poland's handwriting on negative Number 56738. Signed with artist's monogram.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56736
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aabcc647-3f24-474e-960d-67cdb204dd45
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9430

"View of the Badlands, Little Missouri River, [Dakota Terr.]

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Little Missouri River
Date:
Aug 14 1879
Scope and Contents:
"No. 2, View of the Badlands Little Missouri River taken Aug. 14 (Thursday) 1879" written in ink below watercolor by John S. Poland; cf. Poland's handwriting on negative Number 56738. Signed with artist's monogram. "From the divide east of the Little Missouri River" pencilled below watercolor by John S. Poland.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56737
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw354bc6618-5438-435f-ba06-0ca3c101b9ea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9431

View of Badlands, Little Missouri River, [Dakota Territory]

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Little Missouri River
Date:
Aug 14 1879
Scope and Contents:
"View No. 3, Badlands, Little Missouri River, NPRR [Northern Pacific Railroad] line, Aug. 14 1879" written in ink on watercolor by John S. Poland. Signed with artist's monogram.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56738
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3346d1f4e-2f84-4512-b6a5-fe476cca0332
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9432

"Poland's Ford, Little Missouri River, D. T."

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Little Missouri River
Dakota Territory -- Poland's Ford
Date:
Sep 4 1879
Scope and Contents:
"Poland's Ford, Little Missouri River, D. T., Thursday, Sept. 4, 1.79" written in ink and pencil below watercolor by John S. Poland. Signed with artist's monogram.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56739
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39e10b5a1-b090-42e2-a392-336eb4fd4eb9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9433

"View on NPRR [Northern Pacific Railroad] looking across and [illegible] Little Missouri River

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Little Missouri River
Date:
Sep 6 1879
Scope and Contents:
"View on NPRR looking across and [illegible] Little Missouri [River] , Sept. 6 1879" written in ink by John S. Poland across bottom of watercolor; partially cut off. Signed with artist's monogram.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56740
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c05662f1-49b7-4623-88cf-0a462b02c25a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9434

"View of Andrew Creek & Little Mo. Riv. from bluff on east side near Fort [Abraham Lincoln]"

Artist:
Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Dakota Territory -- Anderson Creek
Dakota Territory -- Little Missouri River
Date:
Sep 8 1879
Scope and Contents:
"View of Andrew Creek & Little Mo. Riv. from bluff on east side near Fort, Sept. 8 1879" pencilled on watercolor by John S. Poland. Signed with artist's monogram.
Biographical / Historical:
Series of drawings, negative Numbers 56734-741, all appear to be scenes in the area around Fort Abraham Lincoln, which is about five miles from the present site of Bismark, North Dakota, on the west bank of the Missouri River. It was first built in 1872 to protect construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1891 it was abandoned. Information from F. P. Prucha, Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, Milwaukee, 1964, page 55.

Artist: [Lt Col John Scraggs Poland, U. S. A.]
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.56741
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Poland, John Scraggs, Lt Col
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw379e86e2d-1af1-4bbe-899d-199713ee8bed
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9435

Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
18,000 Items (ca. 18,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Prints
Works of art
Printed material
Date:
1840s-1960s
Scope and Contents:
The collections consists mostly of original and copy prints. There are also some negatives, artwork, photographs of artwork, and printed materials. Included is a large miscellany of ethnological, historical, and some archaeological subjects collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology from a wide variety of sources. To these have been added some photographs and other illustrative material acquired and sometimes accessioned by the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History. There are also prints of photographs from the archives' collection of glass negatives of Indians and the subject and geographic file. Although most of the material relates to North America, some images relating to historical events and to areas outside North America are included.
The relationship beween this collection and the National Anthropological Archives series of numbered manuscripts is close, for many of the accessions to the photographic collection were originally described in the catalog to the numbered manuscripts and are, hence, identified by a manuscript number. Today, the archives treat the two collections as separate entities, however, because there has been so much interfiling of uncatalog images among those with the manuscript numbers.
Arrangement:
The arrangement is complicated: (1) America north of Mexico, divided by geographic region and tribe based on George P. Murdock and Timothy J. O'Leary's scheme in Ethnographic Bilbiography of North America, 1975. The material is further subdivided by the organization that acted in the past as repository (Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum [Department of Anthropology], National Museum of Natural History [Department of Anthropology], Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and National Anthropological Archives). Thereunder it is divided into catalog unit or comparable categories generally based on provenance; (2) miscellany, historical and unidentified; (3) archaeology, arranged by geographic area; (4) Latin America; (5) material which did not lend itself to classification in categories given above and is identified by National Anthropological Archives catalog numbers.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Negatives
Prints
Works of art
Printed material
Citation:
Photo lot 24, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.24
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e08670ad-b881-4c35-9eb8-e196b039e553
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-24
Online Media:

Painting or Drawing of United States Capital Building Before Construction of Dome

Creator:
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896  Search this
Collector:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 002 in x 004 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01148100

NAA MS.4689:50
Local Note:
Photo Taken After 1858
Black and white Photoprint on Standard Card in Album
Place:
Washington, DC ?/New York ? -- Washington, DC ?/New York ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC BAE 4689 Stevenson Papers/Photos 01148100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 5: Material which did not lend itself to classification / BAE / BAE 4689 Stevenson Papers/Photos
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cd1cf8af-75a2-4ef6-9cba-6142eb01299b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref21695

MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography

Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
41.29 Linear feet (22 boxes, 29 folders, 3 mounted drawings, and 3 rolled items)
Note:
Some materials, especially in series 3, are stored in the NAA artwork collection.
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pictographs
Place:
Oceania
Date:
1849-1902
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology who focused primarily on Native American sign language and pictography. This collection reflects Mallery's research interests and methods. Much of the collection is comprised of correspondence and notes relating to sign language and pictography and is organized chiefly by either the cultural or geographic region to which the material belongs. Bound volumes of several of his publications are included, along with annotated draft copies from collaborators. In the case of Mallery's work on pictography, the collection includes several oversize items including original works and reproductions.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Garrick Mallery's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist and is largely comprised of correspondence and preparatory materials for publications on Native American sign language and pictography. The geographic scope of the material is chiefly the present-day United States and Canada, though other areas of the world are represented less comprehensively. Correspondence and research notes include verbal descriptions of signs, sometimes with illustrations included. Bound volumes of Mallery's publications are included, along with annotations from collaborators. In addition, this collection includes notecards, drawings, illustrations, photographs, articles, and art objects. Art objects (mostly oversize) deal chiefly with Dakota winter counts and other artifacts.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Research Notes, undated; 2) Materials on Sign Language, 1843-1849, 1873-1894; 3) Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs, 1849-1902, undated
Biographical Note:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and practiced law in Philadelphia from 1853 until the outbreak of the American Civil War. While serving in the army, he became interested in Native American sign language and pictography, perhaps while performing his duties in frontier areas. After retiring from the military in 1879, Mallery was appointed to the newly created Bureau of American Ethnology as one of its first ethnologists. In his work with the Bureau, Mallery pioneered the study of sign language and pictographs, examining them as a universal human phenomenon with a direct link to spoken language.

In his work, Mallery collected and examined sign language vocabulary from Native American groups throughout the U.S. and Canada and regularly solicited contributions from collaborators. He also related his findings to examples from the wider world, comparing the formation of Native American signs to those in other areas by hearing individuals and by the deaf. Mallery completed several publications on the topic throughout the 1880s, notably Introduction to the Study of Sign language Among the North American Indians (1880), A Collection of Gesture- Signs and Signals of the North American Indians (1880), and "Sign-language among North American Indians Compared with that Among other People and Deaf-mutes," which appeared in the BAE 1st Annual Report (1881).

While most widely known for his work with sign language, Mallery also undertook extensive research into Native American pictography. Like his work with sign language, he both conducted original research and solicited assistance from collaborators. He was especially interested in the representational images in Dakota winter counts and petroglyphs in the United States and throughout the world.

Sources Consulted

Fletcher, Robert. "Garrick Mallery, President of the Philosophical Society of Washington, in 1888." In Brief Memoirs of Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A., Who Died October 24, 1894, 3-8. Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1895.

Fletcher, Robert. "Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A." American Anthropologist 8, no. 2 (1895): 79-80.

Chronology

1831 -- Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on April 25

1850 -- Graduates Yale College

1853 -- Earns LL. B. from the University of Pennsylvania Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar

1853-1861 -- Practices law in Philadelphia

1861 -- Enters the volunteer army of the United States

1862 -- Severely wounded in the battle of Peach Orchard, Virginia Captured and held prisoner at Libby prison in Richmond, Virginia

1866 -- Completes service with volunteer army of the United States Accepts commission in regular army of the United States

1870 -- Marries Helen W. Wyckoff

1879 -- Retires from the United States army due to disability Appointed to the Bureau of American Ethnology

1880 -- Publishes Introduction to the Study of Sign-Language Among the North American Indians as Illustrating the Gesture-Speech of Mankind and A Collection of Gesture-Signs and Signals of the North American Indians With Some Comparisons

1881 -- Publishes "Sign Language Among North American Indians, Compared with that Among Other Peoples and Deaf-Mutes"

1894 -- Dies after a short illness in Washington, D.C., on October 24
Related Materials:
See MS 2322 A collection of gesture-signs and signals of the North American Indians for more of Garrick Mallery's work on sign language.
Provenance:
MS 2372 was transferred from the Bureau of Ethnology Archives to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives with the merger of the BAE and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History in 1965. The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives was renamed the National Anthropological Archives in 1968.
Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2372
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw367638eb8-dce6-4d4e-bea5-2204e49134ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2372
Online Media:

From Labrador to Samoa the theory and practice of Eleanor Burke Leacock Constance R. Sutton, editor

Author:
Sutton, Constance R  Search this
Association for Feminist Anthropology  Search this
International Women's Anthropology Conference  Search this
American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting (86th : 1987 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)  Search this
Subject:
Leacock, Eleanor Burke 1922-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 153 pages illustrations 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Congresses
Congrès
Biographies
Conference papers and proceedings
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
1993
Topic:
Anthropologists  Search this
Feminist anthropology--Philosophy  Search this
Applied anthropology--Philosophy  Search this
Applied anthropology  Search this
Anthropologues  Search this
Féminisme et anthropologie--Philosophie  Search this
Anthropologie appliquée  Search this
Anthropologie appliquée--Philosophie  Search this
Culturele antropologie  Search this
Theorieën  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479258

Flint Nodules.

Collector:
Mr. Gerard Fowke  Search this
Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Site Name:
Cobden Quarry  Search this
Object Type:
Nodule
Place:
Union County, Illinois, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1905
Collection Date:
1904
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
043826
USNM Number:
A233401-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3983dc617-484d-4291-88f7-2bffcb4e779a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8059481

Jar - Restored

Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Site Name:
Marksville, Mound 8  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Jar
Place:
Marksville, Near, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1926
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
092317
USNM Number:
A331686-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c1140956-8f36-4896-a941-487710cd0d17
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8088826
Online Media:

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