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Frederick Starr negatives and lantern slides

Creator:
Starr, Frederick, 1859-1933  Search this
Photographer:
Lang, Charles B.  Search this
Grabic, Louis  Search this
Extent:
152 Lantern slides
3344 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Zoque  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Mazatec [Huautla]  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Maya  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Mazahua  Search this
Ute  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tzeltal Maya  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Triqui (Trique) [San Joan Copala]  Search this
Shuar  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Chol Maya  Search this
Totonac  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Otomí (Otomi)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Mixe  Search this
Chinantec  Search this
Mixtec  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Chibcha  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Mehináku (Mehinacu)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Haida  Search this
Karajá (Caraja)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Teotihuacán (archaeological culture)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Macushi (Macusi)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Negatives (photographic)
Negatives
Place:
Colombia
Washington
West Virginia
Kansas
Kentucky
New Mexico
Brazil
Ecuador
Missouri
Wisconsin
Oklahoma
Ohio
New York
Georgia
Mexico
Iowa
Arkansas
Illinois
Pennsylvania
Alaska
Date:
1894-1910
Summary:
The collection includes materials from cultures in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, and Guiana: Acoma Pueblo, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Caddo, Cahuilla, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chinantec, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Choco, Chol, Chontal, Cochiti Pueblo, Crow, Cuicatec, Eskimo, Flathead, Haida, Hopi, Huastec, Huave, Iowa, Iroquois, Isleta, Karaja, Kwakiutl, Laguna Pueblo, Macusi, Mandan, Maya, Mazahua, Mazatec, Mehinaku, Menomini, Mixe, Mixtec, Navajo, Nez Perce, Osage, Otomi, Ottawa, Pawnee, Pima, Ponca, Potawatomi, Salish, San Blas, San Felipe Pueblo, Sauk & Fox, Shuar, Sioux, Taos Pueblo, Tarasco, Teotihuacan, Tepehua, Tlaxcala, Tlingit, Tonkawa, Totonac, Triqui, Tzental, Tzotzil, Ute, Wampanoag, Zapotec, Zoque, Zuni.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frederick Starr was born in Auburn, New York, on September 2, 1858. He received a Ph.D. in biology in 1884 at Coe College, where he was later appointed professor of biology. Starr did postgraduate work in anthropology at Yale. In 1889 he was appointed head of Ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History, and in 1892 he was chosen by William Harper to organize the Anthropology Department at the new University of Chicago. Starr remained at the University until his retirement in 1923. Besides his field studies with various Indian tribes in the United States, Starr traveled to Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Guiana, Japan, the Philippines, and Africa. He died in Tokyo, Japan, on August 14, 1933. Starr was the author of several books and scholarly articles.
General note:
Starr hired professional photographers Charles B. Lang and Louis Grabic to accompany him on his field trips. One lantern slide of Moses Ladd (Menomini) was taken by William H. Jackson.
Provenance:
Dr. Frederick Starr, Purchased, circa 1929
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Topic:
Indians of South America -- Brazil  Search this
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest  Search this
Indians of South America -- Colombia  Search this
Indians of North America -- Alaska  Search this
Indians of North America -- Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of Central America -- Guatemala  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of South America -- Ecuador  Search this
Indians of South America -- Guiana  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Lantern slides
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.052
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-052

Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona

Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Names:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Former owner:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
588 Photographic prints
190 Copy negatives
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Opata  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Otomí (Otomi)  Search this
Cora  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Nahua  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Tepecano  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Arizona -- photographs
Mexico -- Photographs
Date:
1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains photographic prints and copy negatives taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. The majority of the photographs were donated by George Pepper to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1923. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi and Yoreme (Mayo). Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in the Czech Republic moved to the United States in 1881. Hrdlicka became known as the "Father" of Physical Anthropology and worked at the U.S. National Museum (now the National Museum of Natural History).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographic prints taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. It is likely that many of the photographs were taken in 1902 as a part of the Hyde exploring expeditions on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History. Some of these photographs were taken by Carl Lumholtz and not Hrdlicka. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi, and Yoreme (Mayo). Locations photographed in Mexico include--Michoacán, Sonora, Mesa del Encanto and the Ruins of Totoate in Jalisco, Ruins of La Quamada and Ruins of Teul in Zacatecas, Nayarit State, and the central altiplano. Locations photographed in Arizona include--Casa Grande in Pinal County, Fort Yuma Reservation, Supai in Coconino County and the Mission San Xavier del Bac.

The photographs include a large amount of posed portraits of men and women, none of them identified in our collection. Hrdlicka often posed his subjects both facing forward and in profile so that he could better examine their physical attributes.There are some group portraits as well as scenic shots of houses, churches and village views. Hrdlicka also photographed archaeological ruins inlcuding Casa Grande, Mesa del Encanto, Totoate, La Quamada and Teul.

The copy negatives that were made from the prints in the late 1960s by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Arrangement:
The majority of the photographs have been left in the order that they were originally cataloged. Photographs from the various tribal communities in Arizona and Mexico are in Series 1-16, each community with its own series. The final series, Series 17, contains photographs from various archaeological ruins in Arizona and Mexico.
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Bohemia in and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals, Hrdlicka went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlicka arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He furthermore came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

Hrdlicka became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. Following this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlicka was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum in 1903.

In 1905, Hrdlicka returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Native American tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

Between 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlicka amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlicka founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president in 1928-1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association in 1925-1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1928-1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlicka was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Biographical note courtesy of the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History. See Ales Hrdlicka Papers. Edited by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Related Materials:
The majority of Ales Hrdlicka's papers and photographs are located at the National Athropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. In addition to the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 additional Hrdlicka photographs can be found in photographic lots 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; 9, photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; 78, miscellaneous negatives; 97, Division of Ethnology collection (―USNM‖ Collection); 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs; 73-26G, miscellany; 77-48, group portraits of International Congress; 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and 92-46, anthropology lantern slides.
Provenance:
Although it is unclear when George Pepper received the photographs from Ales Hrdlicka, Pepper donated the majority of the collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) in 1923. The rest of the photographs were cataloged by the MAI some time in the 1920s but the provenance history is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-103
Online Media:

United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Collector:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Depicted:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute Indians -- depicted  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of Native American tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased Native Americans. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

Desk Set

Measurements:
overall: 23 cm x 26 cm x 12 cm; 9 1/16 in x 10 1/4 in x 4 3/4 in
overall: 9 in x 10 1/4 in x 4 3/4 in; 22.86 cm x 26.035 cm x 12.065 cm
Object Name:
Aneroid Barometer
Date made:
late 19th century
ID Number:
PH.205532
Accession number:
36555
Catalog number:
205532
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Measuring & Mapping
Barometers
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-dff1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1184578
Online Media:

MS 3292 Studies of Philippine Tribes

Collector:
Morley, Reuben Hitchcock  Search this
Culture:
Igorot (Philippine people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
July, 1902
Scope and Contents:
Brief notations on 56 pages. (In bound volume of schedules for ethnological collection).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3292
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Philippines  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3292, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3292
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3292

MS 7393 Philippine ethnology field catalogue notes

Creator:
Koch, Raymond  Search this
Koch, Lucille  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Philippines -- ethnological specimens
Date:
ca. 1974
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7393
Local Note:
Tape casette
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Manuscript 7393, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7393
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7393

Photographs of native peoples of the Philippine Islands, views of habitations and scenery, made and/or collected by Major Dache M. Reeves

Creator:
Reeves, Dache McClain, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
121 Prints
1 Album
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Albums
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Prints partly captioned.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4299
Local Note:
Examined April 5, 1957 by Dr Harold C. Conklin, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, and additional information provided by him.
Filed: Original prints, Philippine Islands.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- Philippines  Search this
Philippines  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4299, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4299
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4299

Philippines Bureau of Science photographs of Philippine peoples

Creator:
Philippines. Bureau of Science  Search this
Collector:
Bean, Robert Bennett  Search this
Photographer:
Martin, Charles, 1877-1957  Search this
Worcester, Dean Conant  Search this
Extent:
162 (lantern slides)
Culture:
Philippine Negritos  Search this
Subanuns  Search this
Tinguian (Philippine people)  Search this
Moro  Search this
Hanunoo (Philippine people)  Search this
Ifugao (Philippine people)  Search this
Bagobo (Philippine people)  Search this
Igorot (Philippine people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Philippines
Date:
circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to Philippine peoples, including Ifugao, Ilongot, Philippine Negrito, Hanunoo (Mangyan), Subanun, Igorot, Tinguian, Samal Moro, and Bagobo. Images depict clothing, body decoration, and scenery, and many are frontal and profile portraits of individuals. The collection also includes some lantern slides of maps of the Philippines, as well as a photocopy of a booklet with the price list for photographs.

Most of the lantern slides were prepared by Charles Martin. Some are from negatives by Martin but others are possibly by researchers with whom he worked, including Philippine Secretary of the Interior Dean C. Worcester.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Philippine Bureau of Science, originally called the Bureau of Government Laboratories, was established to promote Philippine commercial and industrial resources and disseminate scientific and technical information. The Division of Ethnology, originally the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes, was transferred to the Bureau of Science in 1906, expanding its mission to include the islands' peoples. Charles Martin was an official photographer with the Bureau of Science from around 1901-1915, after which he became a staff photographer with the National Geographic Magazine until 1940.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81-58B
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Bureau of Science photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 87-18.
Additional photographs by Worcester can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 8 and Photo Lot 97.
The University of Michigan Library holds Dean C. Worcester's papers and photographs of the Philippines.
The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology holds film by Worcester and Martin.
The Peabody Essex Museum also holds photographs by Charles Martin.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Photo Lot 81-58B, Philippines Bureau of Science photographs of Philippine peoples, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81-58B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81-58b

Major Dache M. Reeves photographs of Ohio Mounds

Creator:
Reeves, Dache McClain, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
8 Photographic prints (11" x 14")
1 Copy negative
Culture:
Adena (archaeological culture)  Search this
Hopewell (archaeological culture)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Serpent Mound (Ohio) -- Archeology
Seip Mound (Ohio) -- archeology
Newark (Ohio)
Newark site (Ohio) -- archeology
Miamisburg mound (Ohio) -- archeology
Date:
1934-1936
Summary:
This collection includes eight photographic prints and one copy negative of Ohio archaeological sites taken by Major Dache M. Reeves in approximately 1935. The depicted archaeological sites were created by the Adena and Hopewell cultures.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 8 oversized (11" x 14") photographic prints and one copy negative depicting aerial views of archaeological mounds in Ohio. These aerial photographs were taken by Major Dache M. Reeves between 1934-1936 as part of a collaboration with the Ohio History Society to conduct an aerial survey of the ancient mounds and fortifications of Ohio. The mounds pictured include the Great Serpent Mound, the Williamson Mound, the Seip Mound, the Newark works, Mound city, and the Miamisburg Mound. P13212 was published in an April 1936 issue of Scientific American to accompany Reeves' article "The Great Serpent Mount in Ohio."

Prints include P13205- P13212. Copy negatives include N21598.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Dache M. Reeves was born in 1894 in Bloomingdale, Georgia to David McClain Reeves and Helen Pearl Barnes. During World War I, Reeves served in the Army Air Service in the 9th Aero Squadron, American Expeditionary Forces. He received the Distinguished Service Cross and a Silver Star as a First Lieutenant for "extraordinary heroism in action" while serving north of Avocourt (Meuse), France, on October 9, 1918.

Following his service in World War I, Reeves maintained an interest in aerial photography. In 1923, he invented and patented a device for interpreting aerial photography (patent number US1693527A) and in 1927, his book "Aerial photographs, characteristics and military applications" was published by the Ronald Press Company.

In the 1930s, Reeves began applying his knowledge of aerial photography to the study of archaeology. He began working with the Ohio History Society in 1934 to carry out an aerial survey of the ancient mounds and fortifications of Ohio. In 1936, the Ohio History Journal published his article "A Newly Discovered Extension of the Newark Works," in which Reeves describes his identification of a previously unknown group of earthworks discovered using aerial imaging. The Ohio History Society described him as "one of America's outstanding experts in aerial photography." Reeves also photographed and researched the Serpent Mount of Ohio (pictured within this collection) and authored the article "The Great Serpent Mount in Ohio," which was published with his photographs in an April 1936 issue of Scientific American. In 1938, Reeves donated a collection of photographs detailing the native people, scenery, and habitations of the Philippines to Bureau of American Ethnology. This collection is now housed at the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution (NAA.MS4299).

Reeves married Edith Opal Preston, and together they had four daughters, named Margaret, Katherine, Anne, and Martha Reeves. He died in 1972 in Clearwater, Florida at age 78.
Related Materials:
See also NAA.MS4318, "Aerial photos of mound sites in Ohio," in the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Provenance:
Gift of Major Dache Reeves, 1938.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Major Dache M. Reeves photographs of Ohio Mounds, image #, NMAI.AC.154; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.154
See more items in:
Major Dache M. Reeves photographs of Ohio Mounds
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-154
Online Media:

Stuart Eldridge photograph collection of skulls from Taiwan and the Philippines

Names:
Eldridge, Stuart, 1843-1901  Search this
Otis, George A. (George Alexander), 1830-1881 (curator)  Search this
Extent:
6 Prints (albumen)
Culture:
Filipinos  Search this
Taiwan aborigines  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877-1881
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls, which were sent by Stuart Eldridge of Yokohama, Japan, to the Army Medical Museum in November 1876. They include front and profile images of skulls of "Botan" warriors from the island of Formosa (Taiwan) and of an adult male from Manila, Philippines.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stuart Eldrige (1843-1901) was a New York-born physician known for his work in Japan for both the United States and Japanese governments. He traveled to Japan as Secretary and Physician to the Scientific Mission to Japan under General Horace Capron in 1871. He continued to serve there in several positions, including Surgeon-General of the Kaitakushi (Commissioner of Development Projects), director of the General Hospital of Yokohama, and Member of the Central Sanitary Board by the Japanese Government (1883).

The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased Native Americans. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 6B
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 73-26C, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
The National Anthropological Archives holds records concerning skeletal material transferred to the Smithsonian Institution from the Army Medical Museum.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 6B, Dr. Stuart Eldridge photograph collection of skulls from Taiwan and the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.6B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-6b

Patricia O. Afable photograph of William C. Sturtevant and Harold C. Conklin

Creator:
Afable, Patricia O.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Extent:
1 Color print
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color prints
Photographs
Date:
1998
Scope and Contents note:
Image of Dr. William C. Sturtevant and Professor Harold C. Conklin of Yale University in Sturtevant's office in the National Museum of Natural History on June 24, 1998. Conklin is shown wearing a pin marking the Centennial of the Philippine Declaration of Independence, in preparation for the Smithsonian Folklife Festival.
Biographical/Historical note:
Harold C. Conklin (b. 1926) was an anthropologist and professor at Yale University who visited William C. Sturtevant briefly before the opening of the 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, which featured a large exhibition on the Philippines. Sturtevant was curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History and Conklin had conducted extensive research in Southeast Asia with particular focus on the Philippines. Photographer Patricia O. Afable, a Philippine-born anthropologist, was a research associate in the museum's Asian Cultural History Program at the time.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2001-06
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the William C. Sturtevant papers.
The Yale University Library holds the Harold C. Conklin papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2001-06, Patricia O. Afable photograph of William C. Sturtevant and Harold C. Conklin, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2001-06
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2001-06

Tobacco Pipe Bowl

Physical Description:
clay, meerschaum (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 3/8 in x 2 3/4 in x 2 in; 3.4925 cm x 6.985 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
Pipe Bowl
bowl, pipe, tobacco
bowl, pipe
Other Terms:
Pipe Bowl; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Europe
Date made:
late 19th century
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.58.0044
Catalog number:
58.0044
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-b63f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_309139
Online Media:

Tobacco Pipe

Physical Description:
horn, reindeer (overall material)
fiber (string material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 7 in x 2 1/2 in; 7.62 cm x 17.78 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
pipe, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pipe; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Sweden
Lapland
Used:
Lapland
Date made:
1800 - 1900
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Sweden  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.395725A
Catalog number:
395725A
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-cbec-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_312281
Online Media:

Bone Tobacco Pipe

Physical Description:
horn, reindeer (overall material)
fiber (string material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/4 in x 6 3/4 in x 3 in; 1.905 cm x 17.145 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
pipe
Other Terms:
Pipe; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Sweden
Lapland
Used:
Lapland
Date made:
1800 - 1900
Date made:
1800 - 1900
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.395725B
Catalog number:
395725B
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-cc67-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_312282
Online Media:

Tobacco Pipe (Gesteckpfeife)

Physical Description:
porcelain (bowl; receptacle material)
enamel (decoration material)
wood, weichsel (stem material)
plastic (mouthpiece material)
horn (ferrule material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 7 3/4 in x 3 3/8 in; 3.175 cm x 19.685 cm x 8.5725 cm
Object Name:
pipe, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pipe; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Germany
Date made:
1850 - 1880
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Germany  Search this
Credit Line:
The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.58.0045
Catalog number:
58.0045
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-7132-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_312309
Online Media:

Tobacco Pouch

Physical Description:
fur, reindeer (overall material)
leather, reindeer (overall material)
copper (grommets material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 6 5/8 in x 2 3/4 in; 3.175 cm x 16.8275 cm x 6.985 cm
Object Name:
pouch, tobacco
bag, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pouch, Tobacco; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Lapland
Sweden
Date made:
ca 1900
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.395726
Catalog number:
395726
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-9d5a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_313611
Online Media:

Tobacco Pipe Bowl

Physical Description:
Meerschaum (stummel material)
silver (bowl cap; ferrule material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 3 1/8 in x 2 1/4 in; 3.175 cm x 7.9375 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
bowl, pipe, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pipe Bowl; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Europe
Date made:
late 19th century
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.58.0043
Catalog number:
58.0043
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-ce10-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_315094
Online Media:

Tobacco Pipe

Physical Description:
wood, bog (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 5 1/4 in x 1 7/8 in; 3.175 cm x 13.335 cm x 4.7625 cm
Object Name:
pipe, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pipe; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
Ireland: County Kerry
Date made:
1891
Date made:
1891
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Woodworking  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.58.0034
Catalog number:
58.0034
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-e243-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_315147
Online Media:

Tobacco Pipe

Physical Description:
wood (pipe material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 3/8 in x 12 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in; 3.4925 cm x 31.75 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
pipe, tobacco
Other Terms:
Pipe; Smoking Equipment
Place made:
France: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Lyon
Date made:
ca 1872
Credit Line:
Gift of The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.58.0035
Catalog number:
58.0035
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-42df-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_315161
Online Media:

knife

Physical Description:
bone (knife handle; sheath material)
steel (knife blade material)
leather (sheath ties material)
copper (sheath rivets material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/8 in x 7 1/4 in x 2 7/8 in; 2.8575 cm x 18.415 cm x 7.3025 cm
Object Name:
knife
sheath
Object Type:
cutlery
Other Terms:
Knife; Personal Utensils; Cutlery; Sheath
Place made:
Sweden: Norrbotten, Torneträsk
Lapland
Credit Line:
The Monsignor John M. Cooper Collection of African, American Indian, Oceanic and Philippine Ethnology presented by the Catholic University of America
ID Number:
DL.395727
Catalog number:
395727
Accession number:
211312
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-1fa3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_316988
Online Media:

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