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Malanggan; Bildwerke von Neuirland [von] Klaus Helfrich

Author:
Museum für Völkerkunde (Berlin, Germany) Abteilung Südsee  Search this
Helfrich, Klaus  Search this
Subject:
Museum für Völkerkunde (Berlin, Germany) Abteilung Südsee  Search this
Physical description:
v. illus. (part col.) 24 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Papua New Guinea
New Ireland Island
Date:
1973
[1973-
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Art  Search this
Call number:
GN671.N63 B47 1973X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_451477

Abbildungen ethnologischer Gegenstände aus der melanesischen Sammlung S.M. Schiff Gazelle im Königl. Museum befindlich / Koenigliche Museen

Author:
Königliche Museen zu Berlin  Search this
Subject:
Königliche Museen zu Berlin  Search this
Physical description:
[3] leaves of plates : all col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Papua New Guinea
Date:
1877
Topic:
Art  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Call number:
N7411.P26 K82 1877
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_358424

The decorative art of British New Guinea a study in Papuan ethnography Alfred C. Haddon

Author:
Haddon, Alfred C (Alfred Cort) 1855-1940  Search this
Author:
Royal Irish Academy  Search this
Physical description:
279 pages, 12 leaves of plates illustrations (some color), map 30 cm
Type:
Microforms
Place:
New Guinea
Nouvelle-Guinée
Nouvelle-Guinée (Île)
Date:
1894
Topic:
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Art  Search this
Décoration et ornement  Search this
Ethnologie  Search this
Art primitif  Search this
Call number:
mfc 853n
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_306099

Manuscript and Pamphlet File

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of Natural History. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Mason, Otis Tufton, 1838-1908  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Williams, Talcott  Search this
Hawley, Edwin H.  Search this
Wilson, Thomas  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
41 Linear feet
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Baubi  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Innuit  Search this
Jamomadi  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Mission  Search this
Moro  Search this
Naltunnetunne  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Tesuque  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Osage  Search this
Dyak  Search this
Fox  Search this
Haida  Search this
Makah  Search this
Maya  Search this
Carib  Search this
Shuar/Achuar  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Seri  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Cuna  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Oto  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Samoan  Search this
Cossacks  Search this
Arabs  Search this
Diegueño Indians  Search this
Goajira  Search this
Hittites  Search this
Kabyles  Search this
Kirghese  Search this
Luiseño Indians  Search this
Maori (New Zealand people)  Search this
Wichí (Mataco)  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Parsee  Search this
Quichua  Search this
Quinaielt  Search this
Tonga?  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Dayak (Indonesian people)  Search this
Samoans  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Letters
Notes
Drawings
Maps
Photographs
Printed materials
Processed materials
Paper specimens
Reports
Manuscripts
Catalogs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Bibliographies
Place:
British Columbia
District of Columbia
Europe
Hawaii
India
Iran
Ireland
Japan
Korea
Madagascar
Madeira Islands
Micronesia
Mongolia
Morocco
New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Nubia
Puerto Rico
Spain
Tahiti
Philippines
Thailand
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Date:
1840s
1860-1962
1972
1997
Scope and Contents:
For those who are searching for anthropologically substantive materials, special note should be made of the Manuscript and Pamphlet File. A potpourri of documents, the file includes correspondence, notes, drawings, maps, photographs, printed and processed materials, paper specimens, reports, writings, catalogs, motion picture film (now in the Smithsonian's Human Studies Film Archives), bibliographies, and other types of documents. Of concern is a wide variety of subjects such as anthropological specimens, museology and museums, Smithsonian history, archaeological and ethnological methods, exhibits, expeditions, history of anthropology, and so forth.

The file seems to have been maintained in the Division of Ethnology — in one document it was referred to as Herbert W. Krieger's morgue — and the subject matter is largely ethnological. Nevertheless, some documents relate to archeology and physical anthropology. The file also contains administrative materials, such as records relating to the Department of Anthropology's use of Work Projects Administration workers during the 1930s. In addition, the file is the main location of materials not generally accepted as being strictly anthropological in the modern sense. It includes, for example, material on period costumes, fish and fisheries, whaling, religions, armor, biblical studies, modern appliances, the seal industry, European music and musical instruments, lace, aeronautics, and other similar subjects. In addition, the file includes sets of papers of Edwin H. Hawley ,Walter Hough, Otis T. Mason, Talcott Williams and Thomas Wilson. Some documents, both primary and secondary research materials, concern the following cultural groups and geographic areas: Arabs, Bannock, Baubi, Blackfoot, British Columbia, Caddo, Carib, Chinook, Cochiti, Comanche, Cossacks, Cuna, Delaware, Diegueño, District of Columbia, Dyak, Eskimo, Europe, Fox, Goajira, Haida, Hawaii, Hittites, Hupa, India, Innuit, Iran, Ireland, Jamomadi, Japan, Jivaro, Kabyles, Kiowa, Kirghese, Klamath, Korea, Luiseño, Madagascar, Madiera, Maidu, Makah, Maori, Mataco, Maya, Micmac, Micronesia, Mission, Modoc, Mohave, Mongolia, Moro, Morocco, Naltunnetunne, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Navaho, New Guinea, Nez Perce, Nubia, Omaha, Onandaga, Osage, Oto, Papua, Parsee, Pawnee, Peru, Philippines, Pomo, Pueblo, Puerto Rico, Pygmies, Quichua, Quinaielt, Samoa, Sauk, Seminole, Seri, Shoshoni, Spain, Tahiti, Tesuque, Thailand, Texas, Tolowa, Tonga, Tulalip, Utah, Virginia, Washo, Wichita, Wintun, Yavapai, and Zuni.
The manuscript and pamphlet file is virtually a potpourri of documents, including correspondence, notes, drawings, maps, photographs, printed and processed materials, paper specimens, reports, writings, catalogs, motion picture film, bibliographies, and other types of documents. Of concern is a wide variety of subjects such as anthropological specimens, museology and museums, Smithsonian history, archeological and ethnological methods, exhibits, expeditions, history of anthropology, and so forth. The file seems to have been maintained in the Division of Ethnology--in one document it was referred to as being Herbert W. Krieger's morgue--and the subject matter is largely ethnological.

Some documents, however, concern archeology and physical anthropology. The file also contains some administrative materials--records relating to the Department of Anthropology's use of Work Projects Administration workers, for example. In addition, it is the main location of materials not generally accepted as being strictly anthropological in the modern sense. It includes, for example, material on the First Ladies' Gown exhibit now in the National Museum of American History, fish and fisheries, whaling, religions, armour, biblical studies, modern appliances, the seal industry, European music and musical instruments, lace, aeronautics, and other similar subjects.

The file includes the papers of many different persons. The file also includes sets of papers of Otis Tufton Mason, Walter Hough, Talcott Williams, Edwin H. Hawley, and Thomas Wilson. It includes documents, sometimes of a secondary nature, about the following cultural groups and geographic areas; Arabs, Bannock, Baubi, Blackfoot, British Columbia, Caddo, Chinook, Cochiti, Comanche, Cossacks, Cuna, Delaware, Diegueno, District of Columbia, Dyak, Eskimo, Europe, Fox, Goajira, Haida, Hawaii, Hittites, Hupa, India, Innuit, Iran, Ireland, Jamomadi, Japan, Jivaro, Kabyles, Kiowa, Kirghese, Klamath, Korea, Luiseno, Madagascar, Madeira, Maidu, Makah, Maori, Mataco, Maya, Micmac, Micronesia, Mission, Modoc, Mohave, Mongolia, Moro, Morocco, Naltunnetunne, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Navaho,

New Guinea, Nez Perce, Nubia, Omaha, Onandaga, Osage, Oto, Papua, Parsee, Pawnee, Peru, Philippines, Pomo, Pueblo, Puerto Rico, Pygmies, Quichua, Quinaielt, Samoa, Sauk, Seminole, Seri, Shoshoni, Spain, Tahiti, Tesuque, Thailand, Texas, Tolowa, Tonga, Tulalip, Utah, Virginia, Washo, Wichita, Wintun, Yavapai, and Zuni.
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Lace and lace making  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Seal industry  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Fish and fisheries  Search this
First Ladies' Gowns  Search this
Whaling  Search this
Religions  Search this
Armor  Search this
Biblical studies  Search this
Tipai-Ipai  Search this
Luiseno  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Otoe  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Eskimo ?  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Notes
Drawings
Maps
Photographs
Printed materials
Processed materials
Paper specimens
Reports
Manuscripts
Catalogs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Bibliographies
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0311, Subseries 17.1
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 17: Division of Ethnology
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b2f3180c-4348-4175-ab6f-c61e477eafc5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref53

James B. Watson papers

Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Extent:
52.5 Linear feet (123 boxes)
47 Sound recordings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Books
Programs
Field notes
Maps
Punched cards
Journals (periodicals)
Grant proposals
Photographs
Articles
Lecture notes
Place:
Papua New Guinea
Brazil
Mato Grosso (Brazil : State)
Papua New Guinea -- Social life and customs
Date:
1904-1998
bulk 1933-1987
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of cultural anthropologist James B. Watson, and documents his fieldwork in Papua New Guinea, Brazil, and Del Norte, Co., as well as his teaching career at the University of Washington. Included are field notes, lecture notes, correspondence, maps, photographs, books, articles, journals, grant proposals, surveys, data punch cards, conference materials, and sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of the professional papers of James B. Watson, the bulk of which relate to his research and academic work on the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The series are Research, Writings, Correspondence, Professional Activities, University Files, Biographical Files, Maps, Photographs, and Sound Recordings.

The Research series contains Watson's research on Hopi food classification systems in Arizona, Cayua acculturation in Brazil, social stratification between English-speaking and Spanish-speaking residents of Del Norte, Co., numerous research projects in Papua New Guinea, and gift exchange theories.

The Arizona, Hopi Food Classification Systems subseries consists of his research among the Hopi in Arizona, primarily on their food classication systems. Included are field notes and reports.

The Mato Grosso, Brazil and Cayua Acculturation subseries consists of research materials conducted while Watson was working as an assistant professor in Sao Paulo. Included are field notes, bibliographies, a journal, and a language notebook primarily regarding his research on culture change among the Cayua.

The Del Norte, Colorado Surveys subseries contains material related to research conducted in the summers of 1949 and 1950 as part of a study on social stratification between English-speaking and Spanish-speaking residents of Del Norte. Included are datasets from several community surveys on education, occupations, business, and cultural attitudes, along with research notes and background materials.

The Papua New Guinea subseries consists of research materials on the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Included are field notes, language materials, bibliographies, grant documents and research proposals, genealogy data, long reports and patrol reports, data punch cards, and TAT (thematic apperception test) protocols. There is material from several research projects including the Committee on New Guinea Studies (CONGS), the Kainantu Blood Group Study, and the New Guinea Religions Project. Watson's wife, Virginia Drew Watson, also has research material in this series. Language documentation include lexicons and notes about Agarabi, Auyana, Awa, Tairora, Gadsup, and Tok Pisin.

The subsubseries Micro-evolution Studies Project (MES) consists of related Papua New Guinea research as part of this multi-year project. Material included is correspondence, financial documents, memorandums and planning documents, grant proposals, language files, and work papers.

The Gift Exchange Theories subseries consists of Watson's research on gift exchange theories, primarily as they relate to small autonomous peoples. The material consists of research notes, paper ideas, bibliographies, and grant applications.

The Other Research subseries consists of papers and research that are not easily catagorized. Included are subject files on perception, notes and critiques of Marshal Sahlins's Stone Age Economics, and a research project by Watson studying innovation in high school social studies curriculum.

The Writings series primarily consists of journal articles produced over the duration of his career. Included are research notes, drafts, and some correspondence. A print copy is included where possible. There is significant material related to his book Tairora Culture, including chapter drafts, outlines, and reader comments. The writings by others are primarily annotated copies of articles, rare and small print-run items, or manuscripts by others sent to Watson for comment.

The Correspondence series contains professional and personal correspondence with Watson's colleagues and contemporaries in the field, including J. David Cole, Terence Hays, Paula Brown-Glick, Richard Lieban, Howard P. McKaughan, Harold Nelson, Kerry Pataki-Schweizer, Kenneth E. Read, Sterling Robbins, and Roy Wagner. Topics include his academic career, student dissertations, research grants and fellowships, and research related to Papua New Guinea, and in particular the Micro-evolution Studies project.

The Professional Activities series primarily consists of conference notes, papers, presentations, and symposium documents. Included are materials for the American Anthropological Association, the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania, the Pacific Sciences Conference, as well as symposiums held at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. Some of the files are related to specific symposiums Watson attended or helped to organize, the bulk of which are related to Papua New Guinea. Also included are Watson's lecture notes, and materials related to the United Nations West Irian Development Plan

The University Files series contains material related to Watson's academic career. The bulk of the files are course materials from the classes he taught at the Univesity of Washington, which include lecture notes, syllabi, exams, and student papers. Other materials includes student dissertation files and some of Watson's course work from the University of Chicago.

The Biographical Files series includes numerous editions of his curriculum vitae and bibliographies.

The Maps series contains maps used in Watson's research, which includes Brazil; Del Norte, Co.; and Papua New Guinea. The bulk are maps of Papua New Guinea, and include published maps, annotated maps, hand-drawn maps, patrol reports, and linguistic maps.

The Photographs series contains photographs of Watson's fieldwork and professional career. The bulk of his fieldwork photographs are from Del Norte, Co. and Papua New Guinea. The Del Norte photographs include aerial images along with photographs of residents, houses, and cultural activities. The photographs from Papua New Guinea include images of a taro garden, a woman before and at her marriage ceremony, and images of tools found at an excavation site near the Wahgi Valley.

The sound recordings contain seven identified recordings made in the Papua New Guinea Eastern Highlands, Kainantu District during James and Virginia Watson's first trip, 1954-1955. Also included are 31 recordings of lectures and classes by James Watson and others, two recordings of popular music, and six reels recorded at the Pacific Science Congress in Tokyo in 1966. The remaining 23 uncataloged recordings are unidentified or partially identified.

Please see individual series descriptions in the finding aid for additional information.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged in 9 series:

Series1: Research, 1933-1993

Series 2: Writings, 1904-1995

Series 3: Correspondence, 1933-1994

Series 4: Professional Activities, 1944-1998

Series 5: University Files, 1939-1991

Series 6: Biographical Files, 1941-1991

Series 7: Maps, circa 1920s-1970

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1942-1977

Series 9: Sound Recordings, 1954-1984
Biographical/Historical note:
James B. Watson (1918-2009) was a cultural anthropologist and university professor. He is primarily known for his ethnographic studies of the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea, with a concentration on acculturation. He taught at the University of Washington, was the prinicipal investigator for the Micro-evolution Studies project (MES), and the author of numerous journal articles and books.

Watson was born in Chicago, Ill., and raised in Bangor, Maine. He studied anthropology at the University of Chicago, earning his B.A. in 1941; his M.A. in 1945; and his Ph.D. in 1948. Fred Eggan acted as his advisor while he was pursuing his doctorate. He began his teaching career as an assistant professor at the Escala Livre de Sociologia e Politica, Sao Paulo (1944-1945); Beloit College (1945-1946); University of Oklahoma (1946-1947); and as an associate professor at Washington University in St. Louis (1947-1955). He then became a full professor of anthropology at the University of Washington (1955-1987), where he spent the majority of his career.

His ethnographic research began with his fieldwork among the Hopi in Arizona in 1942. He researched Hopi food classification systems, which would become the subject of his master's thesis. Watson would next study the effects of acculturation among the Cayua people in Mato Grosso, Brazil in 1943-1945. This research would become the basis of his dissertation, later to be published as Cayua Culture Change: A Study in Acculturation and Methodology. His wife, anthropologist Virginia Drew Watson, accompanied him and conducted her own research. While at Washington University, he directed fieldwork in the summers of 1949 and 1950 in Del Norte, Co., conducting several community surveys on education, occupations, business, and cultural attitudes. These surveys were part of a larger study on social stratification between English-speaking and Spanish-speaking residents of Del Norte.

Watson is most noted for his work in the Papua New Guinea Highlands, where he was one of the first generation of Highland ethnographers. Along with Virginia Drew Watson, he studied the Kainantu peoples of the Eastern Highlands including the Tairora, the Gadsup, the Auyana, and the Awa. He was involved in several research projects, including the Committee on New Guinea Studies (CONGS), The Kainantu Blood Group Study, and the New Guinea Religions Project.

He was also the principal investigator for the Micro-evolution Studies project (1959-1968) where he directed a team of researchers examining the interconnections of the Kainantu peoples from the perspectives of ethnography, linguistics, archaeology, and physical anthropology. Other MES researchers include Kenneth E. Read, Robert A. Littlewood, Howard McKaughan, Kerry J. Pataki-Schweizer, and Sterling Robbins. This research on Papua New Guinea is best described in his book Tairora Culture: Contingency and Pragmatism (1983).

He was professionally active, attending and organizing sessions at annual meetings for the American Anthropological Association (AAA) and the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania (ASAO). He also organized symposiums at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. Additionally, he served as a consultant to the United Nations on their West Irian Development Plan in 1967. Watson retired from teaching in 1987, but continued to publish and remain involved in AAA and ASAO. He died in 2009.

Sources Consulted: 1999 Westermark, George. ASAO Honorary Fellow: James B. Watson. Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania Newsletter 104: 21

Chronology

1918 -- Born on August 10 in Chicago, Illinois

1941 -- B.A. in anthropology, University of Chicago Lecturer, University of Chicago

1941-1942 -- Fieldwork: Hopi

1943 -- Married Virgina Drew Fieldwork: Mato Grosso, Brazil

1943-1945 -- Fieldwork: Brazil

1944-1945 -- Assistant Professor, Escala Livre de Sociologia e Politica, Sao Paulo, Brazil

1945 -- M.A. in anthropology, University of Chicago

1945-1946 -- Assistant Professor, Beloit College

1946-1947 -- Assistant Professor, University of Oklahoma

1947-1955 -- Associate Professor, Washington University in St. Louis

1948 -- Ph.D. in anthropology, University of Chicago

1949-1950 -- Director, Washington University summer field project

1949-1950 -- Fieldwork: Del Norte, Colorado

1953-1955 -- Fieldwork: Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea

1955-1987 -- Professor of Anthropology, University of Washington

1959 -- Fieldwork: Papua New Guinea and Netherlands New Guinea

1959-1968 -- Principal Investigator, New Guinea Micro-evolution Studies Project

1963-1964 -- Fieldwork: Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea

1966-1967 -- Senior Specialist, Institute of Advanced Projects, East-West Center

1967 -- Consultant for United Nations Development Programme, West Irian

1967 -- Fieldwork: West Irian (Indonesia)

1987 -- Retired from teaching at University of Washington

2009 -- Died on November 12
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the papers of Virginia D. Watson.

Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD holds the Micro-evolution Project Papers, MSS 436.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James Watson's daughter, Anne Watson, in 2003.
Restrictions:
Some research proposals not authored by Watson are restricted until 2083.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology -- Brazil  Search this
Ethnology -- Papua New Guinea  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Books
Programs
Field notes
Maps
Punched cards
Journals (periodicals)
Grant Proposals
Photographs
Articles
Lecture notes
Citation:
James B. Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2003-15
See more items in:
James B. Watson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38438ad62-76b4-45df-a007-4c924a4af960
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2003-15

Ethnology bibliography notes

Collection Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 12
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
circa 1955
Collection Restrictions:
Some research proposals not authored by Watson are restricted until 2083.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
James B. Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
James B. Watson papers
James B. Watson papers / Series 1: Research / 1.4: Papua New Guinea
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3252f00da-f292-4714-a926-ac0c8f292f4d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2003-15-ref109

Virginia Drew Watson papers

Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Cole, J. David, 1941-  Search this
Extent:
8.13 Linear feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Brazil
Papua New Guinea
Mato Grosso (Brazil : State)
Papua New Guinea -- Social life and customs
Papua New Guinea -- Antiquities
Date:
1930-2001
Summary:
Virginia Drew Watson was a cultural anthropologist best known for her work in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Her papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. The majority of the field work relates to her work in Papua New Guinea, both with her husband (James B. Watson) and with J. David Cole, but there are also materials related to her work in Brazil.
Scope and Contents:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. Her work could be conveniently separated into four areas: Brazil, Plains and Caddo Indians, Papua New Guinea ethnographic, and Papua New Guinea archaeology with Cole. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. Most of the correspondence is with colleagues doing related work in other museums or universities in the United States or Australia. A small part of the correspondence is with friends, including missionaries, who report relevant information of interest. The collection includes original field notes from Brazil, including notes from a lecture by Radcliffe-Brown in 1943. There are also original field notes from the Tairora, Agarabi, and Gadsup groups in Highland New Guinea. In addition, this collection includes a list of Watson's publications, a copy of most of them, and some reviews.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: (1) Correspondence, 1930s-2000; (2) Brazil, 1943-1955, 1966; (3) New Guinea, 1949-2000; (4) Manuscripts, 1939-2001; (5) Books/Monographs, 1942-1977, 1997; (6) Slides of PEHNG Archeological Sites, 1965-1973, undated
Biographical Note:
Virginia Drew Watson was born on June 17, 1918, in Tomah, Wisconsin. Her undergraduate work was completed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she received a PhB in Sociology (1940). She conducted graduate work for both AM (1943) and PhD (1965) degrees at the University of Chicago. She was a Fellow of both the American Anthropological Association and the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Virginia Watson's early work was in archaeology, but later she pursued both archaeology and socio-cultural anthropology. She married James B. Watson, a cultural anthropologist, in 1943. During that year they went to Brazil, where Virginia Watson's work was primarily ethnographic among the Cayua Indians of Mato Grosso. On the trip returning from the field to Sao Paulo the Watsons stopped at the archaeological site of Ciudad Real del Guayra. From 1944 to 1945 Watson worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The Watsons made two trips to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The first, 1954-1955, was funded by the Ford Foundation. Watson focused on socio-cultural aspects of the Tairora and Agarabi groups, and her work resulted in the 1965 publication of her dissertation, "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change." The Watsons' second Papua New Guinea trip was in 1963-1964. It was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and focused on the Tairora and Gadsup groups. For Virginia Watson, the second trip was partly connected to archaeological work previously carried out by J. David Cole. Due to illness, he was unable to analyze the mass of material (25,000 objects) that he had collected. Watson analyzed the material and produced publications, one of which was in collaboration with Cole.

Virginia Watson often held one or more part-time positions. As a graduate student in 1942, she was a part-time Lecturer in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. On returning from Brazil, the Watsons moved to Oklahoma University in Norman for one year. There, Watson supervised archeology students in sorting and putting in order the university collection of artifacts as well as directing them in the field. From 1948 to 1953 Watson was a Lecturer at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, and she also directed students in field work. During the St. Louis years the Watsons spent two summers studying the Anglo-Spanish community in Colorado. From 1957 to 1963 she was a Lecturer at Seattle University and from 1961 to 1971 she was also an Occasional Lecturer at the University of Washington, Seattle. From 1969 to 1989 Watson held the position of Affiliate Curator at the Burke Museum, University of Washington. After she retired, Virginia Watson spent her winters in Florida and her summers in Boulder, Colorado.

Virginia Watson died in 2007.

Sources Consulted

Watson, Virgina Drew. "Curriculum vitae, 2001, For National Anthropological Archives." Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

"James Watson III." Bangor Daily News, December 10, 2009.

Chronology

1918 -- Born on June 17 in Tomah, Wisconsin

1940 -- Earned PhB in Sociology from University of Wisconsin-Madison

1942 -- Lecturer in archaeology at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1943 -- Earned AM from University of Chicago Married James B. Watson Field research of the Cayua Indians, Mato Grosso, Brazil

1944-1945 -- Worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil

1947 -- Special Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma, Norman

1948-1953 -- Lecturer in anthropology and archaeology at Washington University in St. Louis

1949-1950 -- Field research of the Anglo-Spanish community, Del Norte, Colorado

1953-1955 -- First field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1957-1963 -- Lecturer in anthropology at Seattle University

1961-1971 -- Lecturer in anthropology at the University of Washington, Seattle

1963-1964 -- Second field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1965 -- Earned PhD from the University of Chicago Published dissertation: "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change"

1969-1989 -- Affiliate Curator of Melanesian Archaeology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington

2007 -- Died
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also has the papers of Virginia D. Watson's husband, James Bennett Watson.
Provenance:
Virginia Drew Watson donated her papers to the National Anthropological Archives in 2002.
Restrictions:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers are open for research.

Access to the Virginia Drew Watson papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-12
See more items in:
Virginia Drew Watson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3eed77aa4-4bb2-477b-abec-20cc03efe498
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2002-12

Young Woman Wearing Shell Ear Ornaments and Weaving Bird On Straw Mat on Lap

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05029900
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island/Kavataria
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island/Kavataria
Australia -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island/Kavataria
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05029900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34bf8b9bc-9a60-4a28-b3a4-5331f766c27e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11162
Online Media:

Two Men in Costume, One Weaving Fish Net from Pandanus Fiber with Shells Added for Weight; Two Pole and Thatch Houses In Background

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030000
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d4e9e263-3ea0-4dbf-ba66-8a9016a866f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11163
Online Media:

Fisherman Wearing Loincloth, Armbands and Goggles Pounding Derris Root with Knife in Outrigger Canoe

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030100
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37f1a39f4-4ba5-40d2-9cdf-1485fd1e5a13
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11164
Online Media:

Two Fishermen Wearing Loincloths, Armbands, and Goggles Tying Derris Root to End of Stick; Both on Outrigger Canoe

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030200
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030200, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37df57c7d-b9a5-466d-8f6d-165ab053b2f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11165
Online Media:

Fishermen in Costume Netting Derris-Root Drugged Fish in Water

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030300
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c9f3e59f-c494-4a1e-9d3a-cad27040f1fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11166
Online Media:

Fishermen Wearing Goggles Collecting Oysters with Fish Net In Water

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030400
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31695508a-1a30-4bf4-a8c9-c76025bfc85e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11167
Online Media:

Man Wearing Loincloth Carrying Woven Bag and Shoulder Pole With Day's Catch of Derris Root Drugged Fish

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030500
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38c8568c1-b689-4299-940f-a725d00b0b5a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11168
Online Media:

Fisherman Wearing Loincloth and Armbands in Water and Carrying Woven Bag and Two Fish Nets

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030600
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw374fa807f-bf11-4d83-b647-331d10146da3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11169
Online Media:

Four Fishermen Wearing Loincloths and with Ornaments Carrying Large Stingray on Shoulder Yoke Near Water; Corrugated Tin Building in Background

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030700
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands -- Bwoytalu Village
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands -- Bwoytalu Village
Australia -- Trobriand Islands -- Bwoytalu Village
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e07f00f8-70a6-4fe5-9258-4d1ac9439343
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11170
Online Media:

Two Young Men in Costume, One Blowing Conch Shell, and Carrying Large Fish on Shoulder Yoke Outside Pole and Thatch House

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030800
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island /Kavataria Village
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island /Kavataria Village
Australia -- Trobriand Islands -- Kiriwina Island /Kavataria Village
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw302023853-a851-442d-966b-f8d620777a2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11171
Online Media:

Group Wearing Loincloths and Ornaments Selling Woven Baskets Of Copra to Non-Natives Near Truck

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05030900
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05030900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38b48e578-5e5a-452e-b03e-829a8a9d3bbd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11172
Online Media:

Group Wearing Loincloths and Ornaments Selling Copra by Weight in Woven Baskets to Non-Native Man Near Truck

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05031000
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05031000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw320ee3c88-c0b8-44de-bbf1-5c3cca78adaf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11173
Online Media:

Non-Native Woman Near Rack of Small, Smoked Mammals Over Fire; Two Women in Background, All Inside Wood Frame Smokehouse

Creator:
Fitzpatrick, J.  Search this
Names:
New Guinea Nutrition Survey Expedition  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology. Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in)
Culture:
Trobriand Islanders  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1947
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.05031100
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Massim -- Trobriand Islands
Papua New Guinea -- Trobriand Islands
Australia -- Trobriand Islands
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97 DOE Oceania: Massim: Trobriands: Australian Dept 05031100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1
Division of Ethnology photograph collection 1 / Oceania / Massim / Trobriands
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw349e3625b-6da9-4402-9984-2a15f502c75b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-97-ref11174
Online Media:

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