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United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Extent:
78 Prints (circa, albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Apache  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Hawaiians  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
circa 1884-1885
Scope and Contents note:
Army Medical Museum photographs prepared under the supervision of John Shaw Billings and Washington Matthews, and created by superimposing images of several skulls for comparative purposes. Each image has a caption that includes tribal or racial identification, number of skulls photographed, photograph number, negative number, and data on photographic technique.

The collection represents of Aleut, Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Eskimo, Hidatsa, Navajo, Oglala, Ojibwa, Paiute, Piegan, Ponca, Wichita, African American, Hawaiian, people, and people of San Miguel and San Nicholas Islands (California).
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased Native Americans. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 6A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 73-26C, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
The National Anthropological Archives holds microfilm of the papers of Washington Matthews, circa 1864-1905, and records concerning skeletal material transferred to the Smithsonian Institution from the Army Medical Museum.
See others in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, circa 1884-1885
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
anthropometry  Search this
Skull  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 6A, United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.6A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-6a

Thomas Dale Stewart Papers

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
McKern, T. W.  Search this
Extent:
65 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Alaska
Shanidar Cave (Iraq)
Virginia
Maryland
Delaware
Mexico
Peru
Guatemala
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology
Date:
1875-1991, bulk 1931-1991
bulk 1927-1991
Summary:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a physical and forensic anthropologist and worked at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1931 until his death in 1997. He worked under Ales Hrdlicka until 1943, became the head curator in 1960, director of the museum in 1962, and retired in 1971. Stewart's research interests included physical and forensic anthropology and archaeology, mostly in North and South America. He also worked with the F.B.I. frequently to aid in homicide investigations, and worked extensively with the U.S. Army to identify skeletal remains from the Korean War in Operation Glory. The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers primarily deal with his life and career at the Smithsonian, particularly his research projects and publications between 1931 and 1991. Materials consist mainly of correspondence, photographic material, dossiers based on writings and research projects, and administrative files.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers document his research and professional activities from 1931 to 1991 and primarily deal with his anthropological and archaeological research in North and South America. There is also significant material related to ancient human skeletal remains found in Egypt and the Middle East, Stewart's work identifying skeletal remains for the U.S. Army (Operation Glory), and the history of physical and forensic anthropology. Material documenting Stewart's work with Ales Hrdlicka and other colleagues are also represented in this collection. The collection consists of correspondence, writings and research files, project data, skeletal data punch cards, photographic and illustration materials, and administrative and financial papers.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 9 series: Series 1. Biographical and Background, 1937-1983; Series 2. Correspondence, 1931-1990; Series 3. Writings and Research, 1875, 1902-1990; Series 4. Operation Glory, 1954-1957; Series 5. Professional Organizations, 1930-1990; Series 6. Trip Files, 1945-1985; Series 7. Teaching and Lectures, 1950-1970; Series 8. Exhibit Material, 1961-1969; Series 9. Photographs, 1928-1979.
Biographical note:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a curator of physical anthropology at the Smithsonian specializing in anthropometry, early man, and forensic anthropology. He worked in the Department of Anthropology for over seventy years. Born in Delta, Pennsylvania in 1901, Stewart moved to Washington, D.C. to pursue a degree at George Washington University. While attending school, he also began working at the Smithsonian in 1924 as a temporary substitute for John Baer, a family friend from Delta. After Baer died during conducting research in Panama, Stewart was invited to stay on as assistant to Ales Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthropology. Hrdlicka was impressed by Stewart's abilities and quickly took him on as a student. Promised that he would succeed Hrdlicka one day if he obtained an M.D., Stewart enrolled at The Johns Hopkins University and graduated in 1931. After graduating, Stewart was rehired by the Smithsonian as an assistant curator.

Stewart rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology quickly, being promoted to associate curator in 1939 and curator in 1943 after the death of his mentor Hrdlicka. Stewart was appointed head curator of the department in 1960 and director of the Natural History Museum in 1962. He continued to work at the Smithsonian well after he retired in 1971, conducting research and producing a stream of publications well into his 90s. He died in 1997 at the age of 96. Many of Stewart's early research interests matched those of his mentor: a focus on dental caries, separate neural arch and spondylolisthesis, ossuary excavation, cranial deformations, and other examinations of archaeological remains throughout North America. While Hrdlicka was alive, Stewart provided support for many of his research projects and publications. After Hrdlicka died, Stewart expanded his interests to include forensic topics and analysis of other archaeological remains.

Anthropometry was prominent in a great deal of his work. He was the first to describe Tepexpan Man from Mexico and Midland Man from Texas. He also studied the remains of Neanderthal specimens that Ralph S. Solecki, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, had uncovered at Shanidar Cave in Iraq. In forensic work, as Hrdlicka's heir, Stewart assumed work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement officials. Moreover, Stewart devised new methods and published books and articles concerning forensic analysis, including his Essentials of Forensic Anthropology. In closely related work during 1954-1955, the United States Army engaged Stewart to go to Japan to examine skeletal remains repatriated after the Korean War in a project called "Operation Glory."

In terms of his areal specialization, Stewart was essentially an Americanist. In North America, he worked in Alaska with Henry B. Collins in 1927, and in subsequent years he excavated several ossuaries and other sites in the Washington, D.C., vicinity. These included a site on Potomac Creek in Virginia, Piscataway sites in Maryland, and the Townsend site in Delaware. He also carried out laboratory studies and prepared reports on skeletal remains uncovered by Smithsonian colleagues. In the 1940s and 1950s, Stewart conducted field work at archaeological sites in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru.

He was awarded the Viking Medal in Physical Anthropology in 1953, the Joseph Henry Medal of the Smithsonian Institution in 1967, and an award from the physical anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1981.

Sources: Ubelaker, Douglas H. "Thomas Dale Stewart, A Biographer Memoir," National Academy of Sciences, 2006.

Pace, Eric. "T. Dale Stewart Dies at 96; Anthropologist at Smithsonian," The New York Times, 1997.

Chronology

1901 -- Born in Delta, Pennsylvania.

1922-1927 -- Moved to Washington, D.C. and attended George Washington University.

1924 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1927 -- Sent by Ales Hrdlicka to Alaska to collect skeletal remains with Henry Collins.

1931 -- Graduated from The Johns Hopkins University with an M.D.

1931 -- Appointed assistant curator at the Smithsonian under Hrdlicka.

1939 -- Promoted to associate curator.

1939 -- Field work in Mexico.

1941 -- Field work in Peru.

1943 -- Taught at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

1943 -- Promoted to curator after Hrdlicka dies.

1943 -- Began working on forensic cases for the F.B.I.

1945 -- Field work in Mexico.

1949 -- Field work in Peru.

1947, 1949 -- Field work in Guatemala.

1954-1955 -- Traveled to Japan to assist in the identification of skeletal remains from the Korean War (Operation Glory).

1957-1967 -- Taught at the George Washington University School of Medicine.

1960-1962 -- Served as head curator of the Department of Anthropology.

1962-1965 -- Served as the director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1964 -- Assisted in the production of Smithsonian exhibits on physical anthropology.

1966 -- Retired from administrative duties and appointed senior scientist.

1971 -- Retired from the Smithsonian.

1997 -- Died in Bethesda, Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following manuscripts related to Stewart and his work can be found at the NAA:

NAA MS 1615- Excavations in Mancos Canyon, Colorado September 1943.

NAA MS 4669- The Townsend Site Near Lewes, Delaware 1962 by Henri Omwake.

NAA MS 4843- Report by T. Dale Stewart on Human Skeletal Material Excavated by W.M. Walker at Cedar Grove Cave, Arkansas and Natchitoches, Louisiana.

NAA MS 7025- A Tentative Closing Report on the Willin Site, Eldorado, Maryland September 1, 1952.

NAA MS 7121- "Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian January 11, 1978" recording.

NAA MS 7223- The Townsend Site January 1950.

NAA MS 7264- Documents Concerning Preserved Paleolithic Human Remains Found in the Vicinity of Cueva, Spain 1969-1972.

NAA MS 7357- Material Relating to Dermatoglyphics of Mayan Groups ca. 1947-1949.

NAA MS 7358- Personal Identification in Mass Disasters December 9-11 1968.

NAA MS 7359- T. Dale Stewart on the Identification of Human Remains April 6, 1970.

NAA MS 7474- Sketches of Burials at Ossuary 2, Juhle Site ca. 1971-1972.

Additional material T. Dale Stewart created while assisting Ales Hrdlicka is located at the National Anthropological Archives, The Papers of Ales Hrdlicka, ca. 1887-1943.

Many objects and artifact materials collected by T. Dale Stewart throughout his career are also held by the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology. These include skeletal remains and other materials from the Shanidar Cave in Iraq, forensic anthropological material including bone casts from Operation Glory, archaelogical materials from excavations in Maryland and Virginia including the Nanjemoy and Potomac Creek sites, and skeletal remains and other related materials from Stewart's 1927 expedition to Alaska with Henry Collins. Contact Anthropological Collections for more information.
Provenance:
Materials were transferred from T. Dale Stewart to the National Anthropological Archives in multiple accretions between 1975 and 2000 under accessions 1981-52, 1981-59, 1986-04, 1988-15, 1988-33, 1995-04, 1998-61, and 2000-46.The bulk of materials in this collection were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 1994 (1995-04).
Restrictions:
The Thomas Dale Stewart papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Operation Glory  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- American Indian  Search this
Americans  Search this
Aging  Search this
Anthropology -- Exhibits  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Early man -- Neanderthal  Search this
George Washington University  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Primates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.1988-33
See more items in:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1988-33

Henry Bascom Collins photograph collection relating to Pueblo Bonito, Mississippi Choctaws, and Alaska

Collector:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Photographer:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Guthe, Carl E. (Carl Eugen), 1893-1974  Search this
Havens, O. C.  Search this
Names:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knoblock, Hermes  Search this
Silook, Paul Eskimo  Search this
Extent:
3 Copy prints
15 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Photographs
Place:
New Mexico -- Antiquities
Alaska
Mississippi
Pueblo Bonito Site (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1920-1936
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting crews, camps, artifacts, and excavated areas from various archeological digs and anthropological expeditions. These include Neil Merton Judd's archeological excavations at Pueblo Bonito, Collins and Hermes Knoblock measuring Choctaw people in Mississippi, James Alfred Ford and Paul Silook at Miyowagh on St. Lawrence Island, and Ford at Cape Prince of Wales.
Biographical/Historical note:
Henry B. Collins (1899-1987) began his career in anthropology as an assistant on Neil M. Judd's 1922-1924 expeditions to Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico. In 1924, he became an aid in the United States National Museum Division of Ethnology and shortly afterwards was promoted to assistant curator. He received a Masters in Anthropology from the George Washington University in 1925 and was appointed associate curator in 1938. In 1939, Collins took a position as senior ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology and became acting director in 1963. When the BAE and the Department of Anthropology were merged in 1965, Collins became a senior scientist in the new Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. He was appointed archeologist emeritus in 1967.

Collins' independent field work during the early part of his career focused on the American South, in which he conducted investigations relating to the Choctaw and to areas whose cultural history was little known. Collins is most recognized, however, for his efforts in Arctic archeology. Between 1927 and 1936, he and colleagues, including James A. Ford and T. Dale Stewart, focused on the Bering Sea area and the Arctic coasts of Alaska, including St. Lawrence Island, Nunivak Island, the Diomedes, Punuk Island, Bristol Bay, Norton Sound, Point Hope, Cape Prince of Wales, the Aleutians, and the interior of the Seward Peninsula.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-23
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Henry Bascom Collins's papers, as well as those of James Alfred Ford.
Additional photographs by Collins can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 86-42, Photo Lot 86-43, and Photo Lot 86-59.
Additional papers by Collins can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4908, MS 4976, and MS 4977.
Additional photographs of Pueblo Bonito by O. C. Havens can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo lot 83-16.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
anthropometry  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 82-23, Henry Bascom Collins photograph collection relating to Pueblo Bonito, Mississippi Choctaws, and Alaska, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-23

MS 1318-b Eskimo anthropometry

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
Biggins, William J.  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Marked "Work by William J. Biggins," a student of Dr Michelson's ? Width of face, in mm. of various individuals.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1318-b
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Indians of North America -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1318-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1318B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1318b

MS 1318-a Anthropometric measurements of Eskimos collected by Truman Michelson

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
1 Page (4 pages)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Anthropometric measurements of Eskimos recorded by Truman Michelson in Labrador and Nain in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1318-a
Local Note:
Title changed from "Physical anthropology" 3/12/2014.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Indians of North America -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1318-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1318A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1318a
Online Media:

Lawrence Oschinsky papers

Creator:
Oschinsky, Lawrence, 1921-1965  Search this
Extent:
18 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1965
Summary:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his research and professional activities from 1940s-1965 as an American physical anthropologist, but include some personal materials as well. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Lawrence Oschinsky primarily document his professional life and research on the racial affinities and evolutionary characteristics of various peoples. The collection contains his published works, dissertations, field notes, correspondence, teaching materials, and many photographs depicting both his personal travels and his research subjects in the Canadian Arctic, Africa, Asia, and other regions.
Arrangement:
The Lawrence Oschinsky papers are organized into 9 series:

Series 1: Personal Information and Effects

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Education

Series 4: Research and Notes

Series 5: Published Works

Series 6: Writings

Series 7: Teaching Materials

Series 8: Photographs

Series 9: Motion picture film
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Oschinsky was born on April 19, 1921, to Lea Pollak Oschinsky and John Oschinsky in New York City. He received his B.A. degree from Brooklyn College in 1943, where he was first drawn to anthropology. In 1947 he received his master's degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago, with the thesis entitled "Islam in Chicago: Being a Study of the Acculturation of a Muslim Palestinian Community in That City." He attended the University of Zurich from 1947-1950 pursuing graduate coursework in anthropology.

From 1950-1951 he was instructor of anatomy at Makerere College Medical School, in Kampala Uganda, studying the racial affinities of various African tribes. From 1951-1952 he was a Research Student at the University of Cambridge, England. He returned to the University of Zurich in 1952 and received his PhD in Anthropology. His doctoral dissertation, published in 1953, was entitled "The Racial Affinities of the Baganda and Other Bantu Tribes of British East Africa." In October 1953, Oschinsky returned to the United States and began his teaching and research career as an Instructor in Physical Anthropology at the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He also acted as research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman, Professor of Physical Anthropology, and took anthropometric measurements of school children for Krogman's child growth research program.

Concurrently, Oschinsky cooperated with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity. Toward the end of 1953, he obtained a position as a Research Scholar in Physical Anthropology at the United States Educational Foundation in Burma. He spent a year studying the peoples of Burma in relation to those of Thailand, Indonesia, Malaya, and the Philippines. From 1956-1957, he was an Instructor in Anatomy at Howard University Medical School in Washington, DC. During 1957-1958, he was Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology at the University of Arizona, Tucson. In 1958, Oschinsky was offered the position of Curator of Physical Anthropology at the National Museum of Canada, in Ottawa, where he devoted himself to an intensive study of the museum's osteological collections. In 1962 he became a part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology at St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa. In July 1963, Oschinsky became Assistant Professor, and later Associate Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto, where he taught until his death on December 19, 1965.

Oschinsky wrote several scientific papers during these years, culminating in 1964 with the monograph The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains.. In this book, Oschinsky explored Eskimo prehistory via skeletal specimens.

Chronology

1921 April 19 -- Born in New York City, NY

1939-1943 -- Bachelor of Arts, Brooklyn College

1943-1947 -- Masters in Anthropology, University of Chicago

1947-1950 -- Graduate Coursework in Anthropology, University of Zurich

1950-1951 -- Anatomy instructor; studied racial affinities of African tribes, Makerere College Medical School, Uganda

1951-1952 -- Research student, University of Cambridge, England

1952-53 -- PhD in Physical Anthropology, University of Zurich

1953 -- Worked with police and other agencies in the forensic identification of unknown human remains and cases of disputed paternity

1953-1954 -- Instructor, Physical Anthropology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Research assistant to Dr. Wilton M. Krogman; took anthropometric measurements of schoolchildren for Krogman's child growth research program.

1954-1955 -- Research scholar in Physical Anthropology, United States Educational Foundation, Burma (currently Myanmar)

1956-1957 -- Instructor in Anatomy, Howard University Medical School, Washington, D.C.

1957-1958 -- Visiting Lecturer in Physical Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson

1958-1963 -- Curator of Physical Anthropology, National Museum of Canada, Ottawa

1962 -- Part-time instructor in Physical Anthropology, St. Patrick's College, University of Ottawa

1963-1965 -- Assistant Professor of Physical Anthropology, University of Toronto

1964 -- Published monograph, The Most Ancient Eskimos: The Eskimo Affinities of Dorset Culture Skeletal Remains

1965 December 19 -- Died in Toronto, Ontario
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological archives holds the records of the Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development.
Separated Materials:
Oschinsky's measuring instruments and a number of dental casts were transferred to the biological anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Lawrence Oschinsky's nephew, Scott Fuller, in 2016.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to the Lawrence Oschinsky papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology -- skeletal remains  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Eskimo  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2016-26
See more items in:
Lawrence Oschinsky papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-26

MS 2925 Report of the Northern Alaska Exploring Expedition

Creator:
Stoney, George Morse, 1852-1905  Search this
Culture:
Eskimo -- birth  Search this
Eskimo -- Boats  Search this
Eskimo -- Dwellings  Search this
Eskimo -- Clothing  Search this
Eskimo -- Hide preparation  Search this
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Eskimo -- Folklore  Search this
Eskimo -- Trade  Search this
Eskimo -- Medicine  Search this
Eskimo -- Children  Search this
Eskimo -- puberty  Search this
Eskimo -- sledge  Search this
Eskimo -- deer drive  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
April 13, 1884-November 9, 1886
Scope and Contents:
This published account follows the manuscript in the main, with minor editorial changes, especially in the paragraphing and in arrangement of the sections. However, there are some paragraphs and several entire sections in the manuscript which do not appear in the published account. Manuscript page number 160-163. "Boats." Includes drawing of oomiak, kayak, and birchbark canoe, page 161. 163-165. "Houses." Includes drawing of ground plan and cross-section, page 164. 165-167. "Clothing." 167. "Tanning Skins." 167-168. "Thread, Rope, etc." 168-169. Line drawing and description of Malemute sledge. 175-179. "The Second Expedition. ...lists of the provisions, small stores and clothing, outfit, and trade articles of the expedition." 180-199. "Aurora." Observations, August 25, 1885-May 31, 1886. 200-207. "Explorer, Engines and Boiler; Particulars and Dimensions." 208-209. "First Expedition. Stores taken in stem cutter Helena on her survey trip." 210-216; Measurements of Uneluk, Putnam River Malemute, male, aged 32; [217-219] Apaucuk, No-to-ark River, Malemute, male, aged ca. 42; Tatantuk, Norton Sound Malemute, age unknown. [220-238] "Meteorological Observations," including original data sheets.
Manuscript page Number 8. Paragraph concerning native village, N.W. side of Nunivak Island. 10. Paragraph concerning native village, S.W. side of Sledge Island. 60. "Ground plan of hut showing interior." Ink diagram of hut described in published text, page 40. 82. "Section of hut showing interior." Diagram of hut described in published text, page 46. 121-22. "The Chipp or Ik-pik-puk River." 122-122 1/2. "The Colville or Kinyanook River." 127. "Puberty" and "Birth." (Published version lists "Parturation" in contents, but does not treat it in text.) 129. Native population figures. 134-35. Last paragraph of "Doctors" section, describing cure for petty illnesses, using shaman's belt and a stick. (Last 3 paragraphs in published version under "Doctors," pages 90-91, are not in Manuscript.) 139. Diagram of deer drive. 152-157. Legends." (Published version lists in Contents, "Native Legends as Chap. XIII, but this chapter is not in text. Chap. XIV of the Contents, "All Aboard for Home," is not in the published text, nor is it in the Manuscript.) 157-60. "Trade." Gives "articles most in demand," and "price list obtained from the traders" with value of trade goods in terms of number of skins.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2925
Local Note:
See Lt. George M. Stoney, Naval Explorations in Alaska; An Account of Two Naval Expeditions to Northern Alaska, with Official Maps of the Country Explored, U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1900, 105 pages, 3 maps, 7 plates. line drawings.
Topic:
Boats -- Eskimo  Search this
Dwellings -- Eskimo  Search this
Clothing -- Eskimo  Search this
Hide preparation -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Folklore -- Eskimo  Search this
Trade, gifts and exchanges -- Eskimo  Search this
Medicine -- Eskimo  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Eskimo  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2925, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2925
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2925

MS 303 Northern Inuits words, phrases, and sentences in Powell's Introduction tot he Study of Indian Languages

Collector:
Ray, P. H. (Patrick Henry), 1842-1911  Search this
Extent:
64 Pages
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1881
Scope and Contents:
In Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Included anthropomorphic data on separate sheets.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 303
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 303, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS303
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms303

MS 4909 Measurements of approximately 170 living Eskimos of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska: individual data sheets

Creator:
Moore, Riley Dunning, 1883-  Search this
Extent:
170 Pages
40 Items (adding machine tapes )
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Recorded in printed data sheets of Smithsonian Institution, USNM.
Biographical / Historical:
Collected under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution and the Pan-California Exposition, San Diego.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4909
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4909, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4909
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4909

MS 4908 Measurements of approximately 100 living Eskimos of Western Alaska, including Nunivak Island: summary tables

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
Summer, 1927
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4908
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
Physical anthropology -- Eskimo  Search this
Alaska  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4908, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4908
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4908

Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume VIII, Cuba with Powell; Jamaica with Langley; Mexico with Gilbert and Dutton; California with McGee; physical anthropology, Hrdlicka, current work 1900

Title:
Random records, vol. 8
Creator:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Author:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl 1843-1918  Search this
Dutton, Clarence E (Clarence Edward) 1841-1912  Search this
Subject:
Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933  Search this
Smithsonian Institution History  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume illustrations, clippings, letters. 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Cuba
Jamaica
Mexico
Date:
1897
1897-1932
Topic:
Animal flight  Search this
Flight--History  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H75 A1 v. 8
CT275.H75 A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063437
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Random records of a lifetime, 1846-1931 [actually 1932] volume VIII, Cuba with Powell; Jamaica with Langley; Mexico with Gilbert and Dutton; California with McGee; physical anthropology, Hrdlicka, current work 1900 digital asset number 1

John Peabody Harrington papers: Miscellaneous linguistic and ethnographic notes, circa 1907-1957

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961  Search this
Laird, Carobeth 1895-1983  Search this
Physical description:
3 boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Indians of North America Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Chukchi  Search this
Type:
Vocabulary
Lecture notes
Date:
1907
1907-1957
circa 1907-1957
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Phonetics  Search this
Grammar, Comparative and general  Search this
Anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions on access
Contact the repository for terms of use
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers: Notes and writings on special linguistic studies, 1907-1957
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_363637

Seven adult male Esquimaux skulls (superimposed; frontal view); Numbers 1189, 1190, 1206, 1182, 1191, 1195

Creator:
United States Department of War United States Army Medical Museum  Search this
Matthews, Washington 1843-1905  Search this
Billings, John Shaw 1838-1913  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 1/4 in x 006 1/4 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09712100
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86579

Seven adult male Esquimaux skulls (superimposed; frontal view)

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Matthews, Washington 1843-1905  Search this
Billings, John Shaw 1838-1913  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 005 3/4 in x 006 1/4 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09712200
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86590

Six adult male "Esquimaux" skulls (superimposed; frontal view); Numbers 1182, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1195, 1206 anat. sect

Creator:
United States Department of War United States Army Medical Museum  Search this
Matthews, Washington  Search this
Billings, John Shaw  Search this
Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 006 1/4 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09719700
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86666

Six adult male "Esquimaux" skulls (superimposed; frontal view); Numbers 1182, 1189, 1190, 1195 and 1206

Creator:
United States Department of War United States Army Medical Museum  Search this
Matthews, Washington  Search this
Billings, John Shaw  Search this
Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 006 1/4 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09719800
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86667

Six adult male "Esquimaux" skulls (superimposed; frontal view); Numbers 1182, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1195 and 1206

Creator:
United States Department of War United States Army Medical Museum  Search this
Matthews, Washington  Search this
Billings, John Shaw  Search this
Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 in x 006 1/4 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09719900
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86668

Six adult male "Esquimaux" skulls (superimposed; frontal view); Numbers 1182, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1195 and 1206

Creator:
United States Department of War United States Army Medical Museum  Search this
Matthews, Washington  Search this
Billings, John Shaw  Search this
Collector:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 006 1/4 in x 006 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in
Culture:
Eskimo skulls  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Physical anthropology--anthropometry  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 09721800
See more items in:
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls circa 1884-1885
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_86687

Na styke Chukotki i Aliaski / [redaktsionnaia kollegiia V.P. Alekseev (otvetstvennyĭ redaktor) ... et al.]

Author:
Alekseev, V. P (Valeriĭ Pavlovich)  Search this
Institut ėtnografii imeni N.N. Miklukho-Maklaia  Search this
Physical description:
228 p. : ill ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Russia (Federation)
Chukchi Peninsula
Date:
1983
Topic:
Eskimos  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropometry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_899703

Contributions to physical anthropology, 1978-1980 / Jerome S. Cybulski, editor

Author:
Cybulski, Jerome S  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 206 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1981
Topic:
Anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_710299

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