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Frank Kleinholz papers

Creator:
Frank Kleinholz, 1901-1987  Search this
Names:
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Extent:
7.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Interviews
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
1910s-1980
bulk 1940s-1980
Summary:
The papers of painter Frank Kleinholz measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1910s to 1980, with the bulk of the records dating from 1940s to 1980. The records document his career through correspondence, writing, exhibition and gallery records, financial files, audiovisual material, printed material, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Frank Kleinholz measure 6.3 linear feet and date from 1910s to 1980, with the bulk of the records dating from 1940s to 1980. The records document his career through correspondence, writing, exhibition and gallery records, financial files, audiovisual material, printed material, photographs, and artwork. Files pertain to exhibitions, books and other writings, the sale of artwork, collection inventories, and recorded interviews. Correspondents include family, friends and colleagues, galleries, and collectors. The collection also contains books, catalogs, clippings, announcements, and other ephemera; several paintings and illustrations, most of which were given to family members or kept private; and photographs of Kleinholz, his artwork, family and friends, and other artists.

Also included are 26 phonograph records of interviews, 1944-1945, which Kleinholz conducted for the "Art in New York" program, Station WNYC. Persons interviewed include Philip Evergood, Philip Reisman, Ralph Mayer, Elizabeth McCausland, Lily Harmon, Abraham Walkowitz, John Groth, and Ladislas Segy; and 2 7" tapes (untranscribed) of interviews, one containing a brief interview with Holger Cahill and a more lengthy interview with McCausland discussing Picassco and the 1944-1945 art season; the other an interview with Evergood.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Professional Files, 1940-1979, undated (Box 1, 9-11; 1.9 linear foot)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920s, bulk 1940s-1980 (Box 2; 10 folders)

Series 3: Writings, 1920s, bulk 1940s-1970s (Box 2-3; .5 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1940s-1980s (Box 3-4, OV 8; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Artwork, 1940s-1970s, undated (Box 4; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, 1910s, 1930s, bulk 1940s-1970s (Box 4-6, OV 8; 2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Kleinholz (1901-1987) was an painter and art educator in New York. Kleinholz was born in Brooklyn, New York. He received a bachelor's degree from Colby College in Maine, and in 1923, he graduated from Fordham University Law School and passed the New York State Bar examination. He then married Leah Schwartz in 1928; they had no children. Until the late 1930s, Frank Kleinholz was a lawyer in New York who, occasionally, submitted poems to newspapers for publication.

In 1939, Kleinholz was awarded a scholarship to study for one year at the American Artists School in New York, and the following summer he studied and painted in Mexico. After Mexico, his art career took off, establishing notoriety for his modernist paintings of the people and scenes in the world around him. By 1945, his work had been selected for exhibitions held by the Carnegie Institute, Phillips Memorial Gallery in Washington, D.C., and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. In an unfortunate turn of events, Leah died of cancer in November of 1945. Frank then married Lidia Brestovan in 1946. They had two girls, Lisa and Anna, and one boy, Marco.

Kleinholz held one-man exhibitions at the Associated American Artists Gallery in New York, Park Gallery in Detroit, ACA Gallery in New York and Rome, and had retrospectives at Nassau Community College, Colby College, and the Lowe Art Museum at the University of Miami. He participated in group exhibitions at the Chicago Art Institute, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Brooklyn Museum. He wrote the books Frank Kleinholz: A Self Portrait in 1964 and Ile de Brehat, The Flowering Rock in 1971; and books written about him include Frank Kleinholz: The Outsider, by August L. Freundlichn in 1969, and Kleinholz Graphics: Catalogue Raisonne, 1940-1975 by Sylvan Cole, Jr. and Ralph G. Martin in 1976. In addition to those mentioned above, his work is found in the permanent collections of the Moscow Museum of Fine Art, Newark Museum, University of Oklahoma, Marquette University, Akron Art Institute, and private collectors. Although most widely known for his paintings, Kleinholz worked with lithography, etching, and prints as well.

Contemporaneous with his career as an artist, Kleinholz was an art educator and talk-show contributor. He started the "Art in New York" interview program on radio station WNYC, New York City, circa 1940s, and was an art commentator for radio station WIOD, Miami, Florida in the 1960s. Kleinholz was an instructor at Hofstra University, Uniondale, New York, and lectured on contemporary art and art history at Smith College, Brandeis University, and the Park Synagogue in Akron, Ohio.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Frank Kleinholz from 1961-1982.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Frank Kleinholz papers, 1910s-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kleifran
See more items in:
Frank Kleinholz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kleifran

Pinback button for the Black National Political Convention

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
National Black Political Convention, 1971 - 1972  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Place depicted:
Gary, Lake County, Indiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
mid 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Politics  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.7
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd567d7d852-f236-4353-8e11-c4affb29da7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.7

Donald Rouland Ephemera Collection

Collector:
Rouland, Donald  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Placemats
Menus
Ephemera
Programs
Date:
citca 1940-1990
Summary:
Collection consists of restaurant placemats and menus (including some from hotels, motels, and tourist venues), and baseball and miscellaneous programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of placemats, menus, and programs. The placemats are arranged alphabetically and are printed with menus, maps, historical trivia, and tourist attractions. They are printed in color and black and white and are approximately 11" x 15" or smaller.

The menus are arranged alphabetically by name of restaurant and are approximately 11" x 17" or smaller.

The programs are divided into two subseries—baseball programs and miscellaneous—and are arranged alphabetically. The miscellaneous programs include a theatre show Hello Hollywood Hello! and materials from the Illinois State Fair. Not all materials are dated.
Arrangement:
The materials are arranged into three series.

Series 1: Place Mats

Series 2: Menus

Series 3: Programs
Provenance:
Collection donated by Donald Rouland,1998.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Motels  Search this
Taverns (Inns)  Search this
Restaurants  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Genre/Form:
Placemats
Menus
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Programs
Citation:
Donald Rouland Ephemera Collection, circa 1940-circa 1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0705
See more items in:
Donald Rouland Ephemera Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0705

Newspaper clipping about Susan Dopp and Wendy Wilson

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Susan Dopp, American  Search this
Wendy Wilson, American  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
clippings
Place printed:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
mid 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Art  Search this
Education  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Youth  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd515aa294a-b566-4187-906d-94534bc763b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.1

Pinback button for a national holiday for Martin Luther King, Jr.

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Date:
mid-20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52a592fa6-2572-4a06-a26b-ca9d333eb4fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.2

Pinback button memorializing Malcolm X

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Malcolm X, American, 1925 - 1965  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Date:
mid-20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Exhibition:
A Changing America: 1968 and Beyond
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 1, C1 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5639bba8e-0312-403f-89c1-9a9d5df32d43
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.3
Online Media:

Pinback button for the Student Organization for Black Unity (SOBU)

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Student Organization for Black Unity, American, founded 1969  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Date:
mid-20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Black power  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ffcda35a-08f5-4332-9d12-b4ed8a97a007
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.4

Button reading [I LIKE BUF], with backing

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
mounts (attachments)
buttons (information artifacts)
Date:
mid-20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.5ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d72bf3ca-a306-416c-8931-467434c73a8e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.5ab
Online Media:

Pinback button with Black Power fist

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Jan Bailey, American, 1942 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plastic and metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 7/8 × 4 in. (17.5 × 10.2 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Date:
mid 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Black power  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.201.1.23.6
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Exhibition:
A Changing America: 1968 and Beyond
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 1, C1 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5681ff4c9-8a86-4d60-baa5-5c6ae1437a8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.201.1.23.6
Online Media:

Comic illustration of a man who has lost his mule

Published by:
Newspaper Enterprise Association, American, founded 1902  Search this
Illustrated by:
James Robert Williams, Canadian, 1888 - 1957  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W (Image and sheet): 5 1/4 × 5 5/8 in. (13.3 × 14.3 cm)
Type:
comics
Date:
mid 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Stereotypes  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.37.35.28
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Racist and Stereotypical Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d2c8c9e3-537f-498b-ae37-b5b4edbe1325
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.37.35.28
Online Media:

New York Airways Collection

Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Names:
Air Transport Association of America  Search this
American Helicopter Society  Search this
Bell Helicopter Company  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Board  Search this
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
International Air Transport Association  Search this
Los Angeles Airways  Search this
New York Airways  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Port of New York Authority  Search this
Sikorsky (Aircraft manufacturer)  Search this
Trans World Airlines  Search this
Extent:
7.63 Cubic feet (7 records center boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Clippings
Ephemera
Financial records
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Reports
Timetables
Date:
1929-1971
bulk 1952-1969
Summary:
Collection consists of materials created by and collected by Richard Wheatland II during the period when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways (1953-1968), a helicopter airline operating in the New York City metropolitan area from 1952-1977.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes a variety of material, probably collected by Richard Wheatland II (1923-2009) during the period 1953-1968 when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways (NYA). The material reflects the administration of the airline and many of the activities of its president, Robert L. Cummings, Jr., as well as its dealings with organizations such as the Air Transport Association (ATA), American Helicopter Society, Bell Helicopter, Eastern Air Lines, the Grand Central Building, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), Pan America World Airways (Pan Am), the Port of New York Authority (PONYA), Sikorsky, Trans World Airlines (TWA), other organizations interested in helicopter operations, and the federal government. In addition to administrative correspondence, memoranda, proposals, employee operations manuals, speeches, and reports, there are also a large number of manuscripts and publications, clippings, timetables and other ephemera, and a small number of photographs.

New York Airways' fleet included several helicopter models over the airline's lifetime, including the Sikorsky S-55, Sikorsky S-58, Bell 47H (used for charter work), Vertol V-44 (civil version of the Piasecki H-21 Workhorse), Boeing-Vertol Model 107, and Sikorsky S-61L and S-61N models. The collection contains materials relating to these aircraft and helicopter operations in general as well as other vertical flight and short take off and landing (STOL) aircraft including the Cierva CR Twin (CR LTH.1, Grasshopper III), Hughes H-500, Hiller FH-1100, Bell 206 JetRanger, and Fairchild (Pilatus) Porter (Heli-Porter, Turbo-Porter).

In addition to the material directly relating to NYA, the collection includes material on topics of interest to the NYA executives. This includes information on the other two helicopter carriers, Los Angeles Airways (LAA) and Helicopter Air Services (HAS) of Chicago, as well as the later San Francisco & Oakland Helicopter Airlines (SFO), and other international, national, and local airlines. Also included are a large number of materials directly relating to air transportation and urban planning issues in the New York City metropolitan area (including northern New Jersey), particularly those related to the airports NYA served: Newark International Airport (IATA airport code EWR) and Teterboro Airport (TEB) in New Jersey, LaGuardia Airport (LGA), West 30th Street Heliport (JRA), Downtown Manhattan/Wall Street Heliport (JRB), Pan Am Building Heliport (JPB), and New York International Airport, Anderson Field, commonly known as "Idlewild" (IDL). New York International Airport was renamed as John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) on December 24, 1963.

Series 2I (1973 Acquisition) contains more of Wheatland's personal notes on various topics, and also includes materials on topics of general business executive interest such as public speaking and management techniques.
Arrangement:
Contents are in original order as received by NASM Archives. Folders in both series are arranged (roughly) in alphabetical by original folder title. Materials within the folders in Series 2 (1973 Acquisition) tend to appear in reverse chronological order. Multiple copies of the same materials may appear in different folders.

Digital images of materials in this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping, orientation, and color variations. Some materials may not be visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
Incorporated on August 31, 1949, New York Airways (NYA), one of the first three helicopter carriers certificated by the United States Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), began mail service between New York City's three major airports on October 15, 1952, and on July 8, 1953, inaugurated the world's first regularly scheduled passenger helicopter service. As was the case with all of the helicopter carriers, NYA depended heavily on government subsidies for its economic health, but worked steadily towards its goal of financial self-sufficiency, extending its routes into nearby Connecticut and New Jersey, carrying freight, and doing charter work. In October 1955, NYA signed joint fare agreements with many national and international airlines, promoting their service by making it easier for passengers transferring to and from the major New York City airports to go "all the way by air." As ground traffic in the New York metropolitan area became increasingly congested, NYA, based at LaGuardia Airport, worked closely with the Port of New York Authority (PONYA) to establish heliports on the island of Manhattan, inaugurating service into the West 30th Street Heliport in 1956 and the Wall Street Heliport (at Pier 6 on the East River) in 1960. In December 1956, as part of a campaign to break the color barrier in the airline industry, NYA hired pilot Perry H. Young, Jr.; Young made his first regularly scheduled flight for NYA as a co-pilot on February 5, 1957, becoming the the first Black pilot for a commercial airline in the United States.

High operating costs continued to be an issue for all of the helicopter carriers, and in 1958, after continuing criticism from the CAB on the subject of alleged excessive costs and increasing subsidy need, NYA was forced to suspend some services. In 1961 Congress put a ceiling on helicopter carrier subsidy payments. The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair provided NYA the opportunity to add passenger and sightseeing service to and from the rooftop heliport of the Port of New York Authority Building at the Fair. Ever seeking a way to reduce its need for government subsidies (which were eventually withdrawn), in June 1965 NYA entered into operating support agreements with Trans World Airlines (TWA) and Pan American World Airways, whose passengers were some of NYA's biggest customers. NYA is perhaps most famous for its regularly scheduled passenger service from the rooftop heliport atop the Pan Am Building, inaugurated on December 21, 1965. Though undeniably glamorous, the noisy NYA helicopters were not appreciated by many of their midtown Manhattan neighbors. Service to the Pan Am Building heliport was cancelled on February 18, 1968, due to inadequate passenger loads, then was briefly resumed in early 1977 until a fatal accident on May 16, 1977, ended NYA service from the heliport. Already suffering from financial setbacks and rising fuel prices, NYA ceased operations permanently following a fatal accident at Newark International Airport on April 18, 1979, and filed for bankruptcy the following month in May 1979.

Richard Wheatland II, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1923, served in the United States Navy from 1943-1946 as a deck officer on a destroyer-minelayer in the Pacific; after his discharge he did one year of graduate work in government at Harvard University and then attended Columbia Law School, receiving his law degree in 1949. From 1950 to 1952, Wheatland was based in Paris, France, employed by the US Government in a division of the Office of the Special Representative in Europe for the Marshall Plan. Wheatland returned to New York to join New York Airways in January 1953 as the Manager of the airline's Traffic and Sales Department, and soon became NYA's Vice President of Sales and Service. He was married in 1954 to Cynthia McAdoo. Wheatland left the company in 1968 to take a position in his native home of Boston, and died peacefully at his home on June 26, 2009.

NOTE: The airline covered by this collection, New York Airways (1951), should not be confused with an earlier New York Airways (1927) which was founded July 8, 1927, operated as a subsidiary of Pan American Airways, and was sold to Eastern Air Transport on July 15, 1931. It should also not be confused with the unrelated but similarly named New York Air (owned by Frank Lorenzo's Texas Air Corporation) which was founded in late 1980 and ceased operations on February 1, 1987, when it merged with Continental Airlines.
Provenance:
Richard Wheatland II, Gift, 1973, 1992, NASM.1992.0052
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Airports  Search this
Airports -- New York  Search this
Helicopters  Search this
Helicopter transportation  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Clippings
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Financial records
Photographs
Publications
Manuscripts
Reports
Timetables
Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0052
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0052
Online Media:

Studio portrait of a woman

Photograph by:
Rev. Henry Clay Anderson, American, 1911 - 1998  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 8 x 10 in. (20.3 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place made:
Greenville, Washington County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1948 - 1970s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Charles Schwartz and Shawn Wilson
Object number:
2012.137.10.7
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56a6a74c0-04bc-4a0e-ae6f-375109a89f6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.137.10.7

Ward's Garage Records

Author:
Ward, Frank Elmo, 1912-1964  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Diplomas
Financial records
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1929-1965
Summary:
A very complete collection of records of a "Mom and Pop" rural service station in the post-World War II era. Includes papers illustrating the day-to-day operations of the garage, such as financial records, ledgers, and property records. Also included are personal papers, such as a diploma and letters; and photographs, both personal and of the business.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is a very complete collection of records representative of the many small "mom and pop" service stations that went into business in the years following World War II. The records represent a time when Americans fell headlong in love with the automobile. With their increased mobility (as well as their additional disposable income), they took to the roads. The many financial documents, ledgers, canceled checks and monthly profit and loss statements, present a day to day picture of the economics of a small local gas station/garage operation. The personal items illustrate not only facets of the man who owned the garage but also, through the documents relating to the Ward residence, a picture of home ownership prior to World War II. Also of note is the V-mail from Ward's brother-in-law, Henry Whitehill Townshend (1912-1989) covering the years 1942-1945 during his service with the 29th Division, US Army, in the European theatre of World War II.

The collection is divided into five series. All series are arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Financial Records, 1946-1962, includes cancelled checks, monthly profit and loss statements, 1946-1961, garage property financing documents,1946, bills and receipts,1952-1962, a final inventory from 1962 and a boundary survey for a neighboring property from 1962 that includes the relation of the Ward's Garage and Ward home properties relative to their neighboring properties.

Series 2: Garage Ledgers, 1946-1962, includes garage ledgers 1946-1962 and one ledger with no date that detail daily income and expenses month by month.

Series 3: Photographs, 1929-1951 includes personal photographs of Ward and his wife Margaret, the Ward residence, Ward working on a car, photographs of Ward's Garage during construction and at completion, one photograph of Ward's Garage taken in the aftermath of a wind storm, photographs of Ward's participation in two Firemen's Parades and an aerial view of Hyde Field and the Ward residence.

Series 4: Forms and Promotional Items, 1961, undated, includes blank forms used in the garage operation, Estimate of Damage sheets and blank bill heads and two of Ward's Garage promotional items, a 1961 calendar and an undated thermometer.

Series 5: Personal Papers, 1929-1965, includes Ward's 1929 High School Diploma, a bank book for his personal account, marriage, confirmation and certificates, hunting licenses, documents relating to purchasing land and building the Ward residence (10316 Piscataway Road), V-mail from Ward's brother-in-law Henry W. Townshend, 1942-1945, a Christmas card from his nephew William H. Townshend, Ward's Last Will and Testament and funeral ephemera and bills.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 5 series.

Series 1: Financial Records, 1946-1962

Series 2: Garage Ledgers, 1946-1962

Series 3: Photographs, 1929-1951

Series 4: Blank Forms and Promotional Items, 1961 and undated

Series 4: Personal Papers, 1929-1965
Biographical Note:
Frank Elmo Ward (1912-1964) was born on the family tobacco farm near Thrift in southern Prince George's County, Maryland on February 2, 1912. He seldom used his real middle name preferring Elmer as opposed to Elmo. His parents were Harrison C. and Rena Roberts Ward. He attended local elementary and secondary schools graduating from Surratt Senior High School in 1929. Growing up on the farm, Ward had been adept at fixing various types of farm machinery and as automobiles became a more prominent part of the landscape he found he enjoyed working on cars. After high school, Ward worked on the family farm and eventually took a job with Mandell Chevrolet in Washington, DC. On May 26, 1933, he married Margaret Naylor Townshend (1908-1997), the daughter of Harry N. and Martha Robinson Townshend of Marston in Carroll County, Maryland. The couple had no children. They eventually purchased an acre of land from Nicholas Miller and built a house in 1936. The property was across from Hyde Field Airport and situated on the Piscataway Road between the small towns of Piscataway and Clinton (also known as Surrattsville). Ward enjoyed hunting as a leisure time activity. He also enjoyed showing off his antique car, a 1916 Overland that he had purchased from his cousin, Mamie Herbert. Ward was active in civic affairs. He was a member of Christ Episcopal Church, Clinton, where he served on the vestry and he was also a member of the Clinton Volunteer Fire Department. He participated in many Firemen's Parades throughout the state.

In 1945, Ward grew tired of his job at Mandell's and decided to go into business for himself. With the increased amount of automobile ownership and travel after World War II along with the ever increasing need to keep those vehicles running, Ward decided to become his own boss and open a full-service auto garage. He purchased one third of an acre of land, a few hundred feet from his home, near the corner of Piscataway Road and Tippett Road (Liber 808, folio 490, Prince George's County Land Records). Initially borrowing money from his former employer, Mandell's, Ward constructed his new garage and service station according to his own plans and sketches. The garage was built of cinderblock with a paint shop added to the rear at a later date. The garage opened for business on January 2, 1946 with Ward and one full-time employee, William "Billy" Tippett. Ward borrowed money from The Second National Bank of Washington in March 1946 to repay his employer for the money borrowed to construct his garage. The construction note was paid off in April 1954. The garage proximity to Hyde Field Airport as well as Andrews AFB and being situated along Piscataway Road, a major artery between the western side of the county and the town of Clinton, in the east, assured the garage a steady customer base. Also, in a community of strong family ties, being related by birth and marriage to many families in the area made him a known commodity and many of his extended family went the extra mile to patronize his garage over one that was perhaps closer to them. Ward also advertised in The Enquirer Gazette, the local county newspaper.

In addition to selling Texaco gasoline and oil products and doing general car repairs, Ward also dealt in used cars and trucks and seems to have sold new Kaiser-Fraiser cars as well. He later added a paint shop to the rear of the garage. He offered towing and wrecker services and attended used automobile auctions as far away as Fredericksburg, Virginia. Ward initially kept his own books/ledgers until July 1946. Beginning in late July, his wife Margaret, who termed the garage "the doghouse," kept the books/ledgers and "ran parts" for the business. She kept a double set of books/ledgers and the garage used outside auditing firms for accounting: first Pearson's Counting House in Washington, DC, then County Bookkeeping Service in Waldorf, Maryland. A business checking account was established at The Clinton Bank and it seems that some household expenses did on occasion come out of the business checking account. At Christmas, Ward gave out the usual promotional items to his valued customers: calendars and thermometers. His waiting room also offered the usual range of snack food, a Coca-Cola machine and Lance brand crackers and cookies. The garage was a success but Ward's increasing battle with alcoholism eventually began to take its toll on his health and ability to manage the garage. Because of his worsening illness, the garage was closed on August 1, 1962 and sold in November to Cecil and Betty Williamson. Ward died on February 2, 1964. His wife Margaret died on September 28, 1997. Both he and his wife are buried in Westminster Cemetery, Carroll County, Maryland.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Home and Community Life (formerly Division of Costume and Textiles Collection) holds related objects that include personal clothing and cosmetics from Frank and Margaret Ward.

For Margaret Ward these include:

Woman's necklace,1906, (See accession number 1992.0474.13)

Rouge compact (Princess Pat), 1920-1940, (See accession number 1998.0129.1)

Rouge compact (Kissproof), 1920-1940, (See accession number 1998.0129.2)

Lipstick (Colgate), 1935-1950,(See accession number 1998.0129.3)

Rouge (Hazel Bishop), 1945-1960,(See accession number 1998.0129.4)

Card of buttons (Chic), 1930-1940, (See accession number 1998.0129.5)

Nail polish (Northern Warren), 1930-1950,(See accession number 1998.0129.6)

Two women's brooches (possibly antimacassar pins), 1930-1939, (See accession number 1998.0129.8)

Woman's brooch, 1900-1925, (See accession number 2003.0015001)

Hair curler, 1933-1938, (See accession number 1998.0038.1)

Tape measure, 1930-1940, (See accession number 1998.0038.2)

Woman's compact (Bourjois), 1944-1954, (See accession number 2001.0196.17)

Container of dusting powder (Helena Rubenstein), 1940-1950, See accession number 2001.0196.18)

Container of dusting powder (Coty), 1940-1950, (See accession number 2001.0196.19)

There is a photograph, most likely a wedding portrait, in which Martha is wearing the woman's necklace referred to above (see accession number 92-11940). She married Harry Naylor Townsend on 29 October 1906. Margaret married Frank Ward in 1933. For photographs of Margaret and Frank Ward see the Ward's Garage Papers, #783, AC-NMAH.

For Frank Ward there are the following items:

A bathing suit, 1890-1900, (See accession number 1997.0327)

A buckle, 1920-1940, (See accession number 1998.0129.7)
Provenance:
Donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center, by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., in August 2001.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Service stations  Search this
Family-owned business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1970
Diplomas
Financial records -- 1930-1970
Ledgers (account books)
Citation:
Ward's Garage Records, 1929-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0783
See more items in:
Ward's Garage Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0783
Online Media:

Tommy Tucker the Squirrel Photographs and Ephemera

Donor:
LeMartine, Elaine  Search this
Creator:
Bullis, Zaidee  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Biographies
Photographs
Articles
Letters (correspondence)
Typescripts
Ephemera
Date:
1944 - 1954
Summary:
The collection relates to Tommy Tucker, a squirrel kept as a pet by a Washington, D.C. woman, and includes photographs, letters, articles, tour information and a typed biography of Tommy Tucker.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life and social activities of Tommy Tucker. It includes booking and tour materials, photographs, correspondence, magazine articles, a biography, certificate of copyright and newspaper clippings. There are a few documents relating to Zaidee Bullis's personal life. The materials are arranged in chronological order by the date.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Provenance:
Donated by the estate of Elaine LeMartine in 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Copyright  Search this
Animal welfare  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Savings bonds  Search this
Anthropomorphism  Search this
Squirrels  Search this
Animals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Biographies
Photographs -- 1940-1960
Articles -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Typescripts
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Citation:
Tommy Tucker the Squirrel Photographs and Ephemera, 1944-1954, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1286
See more items in:
Tommy Tucker the Squirrel Photographs and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1286
Online Media:

"Significant Stats"

Collection Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Container:
Box 46, Folder 18-19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940s-circa 1960s
Scope and Contents:
Includes photostat of caricature drawing by "A. F. G." (Alfred F. Goldsmith) - see original housed with Series 11.2, Artwork by Others; see also Series 8.2 "Portrait of Ondine" (Fanny Cerrity), "#2 Doc. One Only Orig. Etc." File, folder 2 of 12. Also includes ball toss figure in SAAM accession 1991.155.512.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the collection requires an advanced appointment. Contact collection staff at least two weeks prior to preferred date, at AmericanArtCornellStudy@si.edu.

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, Series 13: Personal Library and Book Collection, and Series 14: Record Album Collection, are still undergoing processing and preservation and may not be available for research use. Record albums are unavailable for playback. Contact collection staff for full lists of publications and record albums.
Collection Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection / Series 8: Source Material / 8.2: Subject Source Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-jcsc-1-ref2837

Collage, "Elizabeth Voorhis Cornell, ca. 1911"

Collection Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Container:
Box 56, Folder 32
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940s-circa 1960s
Scope and Contents:
Undated and unsigned, with text mounted on verso.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the collection requires an advanced appointment. Contact collection staff at least two weeks prior to preferred date, at AmericanArtCornellStudy@si.edu.

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, Series 13: Personal Library and Book Collection, and Series 14: Record Album Collection, are still undergoing processing and preservation and may not be available for research use. Record albums are unavailable for playback. Contact collection staff for full lists of publications and record albums.
Collection Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection / Series 11: Artwork / 11.1: Artwork by Joseph Cornell
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-jcsc-1-ref3385

Thomajan Advertising Collection

Collector:
Thomajan, P.K.  Search this
Extent:
15 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Ephemera
Date:
1951-1967.
Scope and Contents:
Approximately 3,000 examples of commercial printing and printed advertising ephemera.
Arrangement:
Divided into 20 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Graphic designer and collector of advertising ephemera.
Provenance:
Purchase
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Advertising, Point-of-sale  Search this
Graphic arts -- 1950-1970  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Printed ephemera -- 1950-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Ephemera -- 1940-1970
Citation:
Thomajan Advertising Collection, 1951-1967, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0643
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0643

Donald Deskey Associates Label

Office of:
Donald Deskey Associates, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
White text printed on gray wove paper
Type:
graphic design
Ephemera
Object Name:
Ephemera
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
ca. 1956
Credit Line:
Gift of Donald Deskey
Accession Number:
1988-101-1726
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4a96887a9-7cf9-464c-a573-63cbd40fb9b1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1988-101-1726
Online Media:

History of illustration / Susan Doyle, editor, Jaleen Grove, associate editor, Whitney Sherman, associate editor

Editor:
Doyle, Susan 1959-  Search this
Grove, Jaleen (S. Jaleen)  Search this
Sherman, Whitney  Search this
Physical description:
xxxvii, 554 pages : illustrations (some color), color map ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2018
Topic:
Graphic arts--History  Search this
Art and society--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089722

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