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[Correspondence] Southern X [Entertainment Group] Taj Mahal (Folder 1 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1990-1999
Scope and Contents:
RE: Marine archeology and the Great Basses Reef, Sri Lanka,
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref140

[Correspondence] Southern X [Entertainment Group] Taj Mahal (Folder 2 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Clarke, Arthur C., Sir (Arthur Charles), 1917-2008  Search this
Container:
Box 54, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1990-1999
Scope and Contents:
RE: Marine archeology and the Great Basses Reef, Sri Lanka.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka, Acc. 2015-0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka
Arthur C. Clarke Collection of Sri Lanka / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2015-0010-ref1558

United Kingdom -- England

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Historical Note:
On June 3rd, 1929, ninety delegates from the Garden Club of America (GCA) arrived in London for a thirteen-day "pilgrimage" throughout England. The trip was organized by the English-Speaking Union, and its headquarters at the Dartmouth House in London was the first stop for the GCA members. The members toured collectively for the first nine days, visiting the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Hampton Court Palace; and the Royal Horticulural Society's Gardens, as well as gardens in Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Warwickshire, Northamptonshire, Sussex, and Kent. In addition to garden visits, the GCA delegates were invited to the Iris Society flower exhibition held at the Royal Horticultural Society, and attended lectures on a variety of garden topics.

On June 12th, delegates divided into five groups and went their separate ways. Departing from Sulgrave, Northamptonshire, groups A and B went to Warwickshire, C and D to Oxford, and group E to Banbury. Each group had a full three days visiting surrounding estates and notable gardens. They all returned to London on June 15th for the last days of the trip. These final days included laying a wreath on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey, formal entertainments at the home of Lady Hudson in Sussex, and a departure dinner led by the Marquess of Reading.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4454

Memphis -- Wellford Garden

Former owner:
McGee, Keith  Search this
Garden designer:
Taylor, Kitty  Search this
Sculptor:
DeLonga, Leonard  Search this
Provenance:
Little Garden Club of Memphis  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wellford Garden (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles about the garden, and additional information.
General:
The Wellford Garden is located on less than one acre in Memphis, TN. Modeled after an english cottage garden with added influences from the American South, the property features a three-level backyard comprised of three outdoor rooms and has a great variety of plantings including trees, shrubs, vines, groundcovers, bulbs, perennials and annuals, with fine tuning adjustments made annually. Incorporating the shifting colors of plantings through the seasons, fragrant plants and the sounds of the water feature, the assorted elements of the garden combine to create a sanctuary that appeals to all of the senses. There is a good balance of sun and shade, and the shade from the west in the afternoon is abundant, an element critical to southern gardens.
The first outdoor room features the lower terrace, situated outside of the Master bedroom, is furnished with an umbrella and tables for entertaining plus an assortment of pots of blooming plants. Stairs lead to an upper level and another pathway, surrounded by ground cover and azaleas, branches off to the side terrace which features a hot tub and an outdoor fireplace.
A formal garden serves as the second room whose focal point is a lily pond surrounding a sculpture, a rusted Cor-Ten steel castle by Leonard Delonga. Goldfish reside in the lily pond which serves as a moat for the castle. The resulting marriage of the sculpture and pond are exceptional in concept and scale. In addition to the formal garden, the second outdoor room features a raised flower bed showcasing a collection of roses and a nearby metal arbor covered with Akebia serves as an entry point between the back yard and fountain area. The third outdoor room features a zoysia lawn with a wood gazebo and several pathways leading to a woodland setting and other small sheltered areas. The garden is primarily cared for by the owners of the property, who have have gained recognition from the Garden Conservancy for their exceptional private garden and offer tours in an event called "Open Days," to benefit the organization and a local garden club.
Persons associated with the garden include: Keith McGee (former owner), Kitty Taylor (garden designer, 2000), Leonard DeLonga (sculptor).
Related Materials:
Wellford Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN075
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10942

Memphis -- Irwin L. Zanone Garden

Former owner:
McCallum, Robert Mr.  Search this
McCallum, Robert Mrs.  Search this
Garden designer:
Zanone, Irwin  Search this
Leatherman, Jeanne  Search this
Pellett, Tom  Search this
Gardener:
Zanone, Irwin  Search this
Leatherman, Jeanne  Search this
Abraham, Samuel Earl  Search this
Sculptor:
Tamboli, Roy  Search this
Young, Larry  Search this
Provenance:
Memphis Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Irwin L. Zanone Garden (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and family letters.
General:
Irwin Zanone (b.2/14/1942-d.7/23/2008) was the primary designer and gardener of this 2.5 acre property. Zanone worked with others to create an orderly but relaxing environment with free-form curving beds for ornamental plants, a shaded curving walkway around the main garden areas with neatly planted beds alongside, and rectangular beds for the kitchen garden that included peonies, dill and asparagus planted in rows. With a family background in farming in the delta region, Zanone planted diverse perennials, shrubs, trees and vines and installed sculptures by Roy Tamboli and Larry Young. The brick hardscape stairs and walls at the entrance to the woodland garden are in geometric shapes, the swimming pool in a clearing is an organic form, and the garden house is a symmetrical design. An area for outdoor entertaining is approached via a shady walk through the woodland garden, and the kitchen garden and compost heap are located at the rear of the property.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Robert McCallum (former owners, circa 1950-1979); Irwin Zanone (garden designer and gardener, 1982-2008); Jeanne Leatherman (garden designer and gardener, 1982-1987); Tom Pellett (garden designer, 1982-present); Roy Tamboli (sculptor, 1995); Larry Young (sculptor, 2008); and Samuel Earl Abraham (gardener, 1979-present).
Related Materials:
Irwin L. Zanone Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 35mm slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN079
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10944
Online Media:

Nashville -- The Craighead House and Garden

Former owner:
Craighead, John Brown  Search this
Ewland, Frances Moore  Search this
Sculptor:
Bennyworth, Steve  Search this
Ralston, Bill  Search this
Garden designer:
Sirls, Steve  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Nashville  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Craighead House and Garden (Nashville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Davidson -- Nashville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information.
General:
A natural wood picket fence along the street opens to a brick pathway through a shade garden and lawn with a contemporary sculpture, "Merging Steel" by Steve Bennyworth, ending at the front door of an historic Federal style brick house. Like other period homes there is no driveway between the house and the street. Fences enclose the entire one acre, with lushly planted deep borders around three distinct lawns, under the shade provided by mature trees. There are tropical plants in pots that are moved to a greenhouse in the winter, as well as flowering shrubs, vines and perennials. A circular brick terrace next to the house and several brick walkways were built from bricks made on the property by slaves in the 19th century, and are laid in "chicken grit" ground granite to protect the tree roots underneath. The foundation of the old kiln where the bricks were fired was discovered by a previous owner and converted into a water feature. In the service area at the rear of the property there is a kitchen garden for vegetables and herbs entered through an arch with espaliered pear trees. The greenhouse is located at the end of the pea gravel path, with a cutting garden for flowers as well as fruit trees and espaliered grapes on a toolshed nearby. Even the designated car park is utilized for beehives, blackberries, and pots of succulents.
The original four room Federal style brick house built circa 1810 has been significantly enlarged by subsequent owners, and the 194 acre farm that comprised the original property has been reduced to a one-acre lot in an historic Nashville subdivision. Earlier gardens were laid out by a previous owner, Frances Moore Ewald, and have been redesigned starting in 1998. The house and gardens are frequently opened for tours and entertaining. Craighead House is listed on the Tennessee Register of Historic Places, is included in the Tennessee conservation easement program through Historic Nashville, and won an architectural award from the Historical Commission of Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County in 1999. One of the hackberry trees in the garden won first place in a Nashville big old tree contest in 2000.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Brown Craighead and family members (former owner, 1818-1890); Samuel A. Murphy (former owner, 1890 -1905); Richland Realty company (former owner and sub-divider of property, 1905-1914); W.E. and Sarah Watson (former owners, 1914-1915); Homer T. Derryberry (former owner, 1915-1934); Bonnie A. McGraw (former owner, 1934-1954); Jack and Sarah Gillaspy (former owners, 1954-1957); W.E. and Frances Moore Ewald (former owners, 1957-1971); John and Ann Nixon (former owners, 1971-1973); Dr. and Mrs. George V. Mann (former owner, 1973-1997); Carl Hasty (former owner, 1997-1998); Steve Bennyworth (sculptor, 1998); Bill Ralston (sculptor, 1996, 1999); Steve Sirls (garden designer, 1998-present)
Related Materials:
The Craighead House and Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (27 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Nashville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN085
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10965

Dallas -- A Dallas Family Garden

Architect:
Smith, Eric J.  Search this
Easton, David A.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Johnson, Warren Hill  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
A Dallas Family Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes an information sheet, a features plan, a slide view plan, a slide list, plant list and a magazine article.
General:
A family's private residence built in 2001 features two mature live oak trees that were left in place during construction of the house, and now shade the entrance and interior courtyard. The 2.5 acre property is long and narrow, so numerous trees were planted for privacy and shade, including pecan, magnolia, elm, pine, and live oak, with shade tolerant shrubs planted below. There are many water features, including a fountain court, wall fountains in the courtyards, a stream and pond for the children that were channeled from Turtle Creek, and a swimming pool. A tree house for the children is hidden in a grove of trees. Architect Eric J. Smith, architect/designer David A. Easton, and landscape designer Warren Hill Johnson, RLA, of Fallcreek Gardens, Inc., all worked on the property.
The property includes ample lawns for recreation, an elaborate playhouse, tennis court, gazebo, and guest house. Faux bois furniture is placed in wooded areas where the children play. Bird houses sited on tall poles are replicas of old Texas mission churches. There are brick paths and paving stones set in grass that provide access to outdoor recreation and entertainment. Vertical gardens were planted on the walls around the house for their cooling effect.
Persons associated with this property include Warren Hill Johnson of Fallcreek Gardens, Inc. (landscape architect, 1997 - 2001); Eric J. Smith (architect, 1997-2001) and David A. Easton (designer/architect, 1997-2001).
Related Materials:
A Dallas Family Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (29 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX089
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13477

Dallas -- Louise Jordan's Garden

Landscape architect:
Lambert, Joe  Search this
Bliss, Houston B.  Search this
Burnett, Naud  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Louise Jordan's Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and plans.
General:
Louise Jordan's Garden was started in 1950, when the house was built and trees, including live oak, crabapple, purple leaf plum and cherry, were planted. The one-acre property includes large swathes of lawn used for family games, a tennis court, and a large terrace behind the house used for entertaining. A mature cedar elm tree planted in 1974 shades that terrace. Around the perimeter of the property are deep garden borders planted with flowers, ferns, fruit trees and shrubs, with a circular rose bed sited in the lawn just beyond the terrace. The beds and borders behind the house and surrounding the terrace are circular or curving in shape while the raised beds in front of the house are rectangular.
Some of the garden's flowers are self-sowing, such as nasturtium and larkspur. A greenhouse is located in the back corner of the property, with quince growing alongside. Azaleas and dogwood were planted in front of the house in 1968 on the occasion of the present owner's wedding. The early garden was designed by Dallas landscape architect Joe Lambert, known for introducing simplified shapes and a particular shade of green paint to the region. The original design included a horse stable and riding arena that were removed in 1958 when Dallas landscape architect Naud Burnett redesigned the garden, relocating a large vegetable garden to make room for the tennis court. Few of the original 30 live oak or fruit trees remain.
Other features include garden statuary of St. Francis of Assisi, a pastoral tableau, stone rabbits, and metal reindeer.
Persons associated with the garden include Joe Lambert (landscape architect); Houston Bliss (landscape architect); Naud Burnett (landscape architect circa 1958).
Related Materials:
Louise Jordan's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (14 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX094
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13481
Online Media:

[Sewell Garden]: the orangerie is used for entertaining.

Photographer:
Dunklin, Elsie Norman  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Sewell Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas -- Dallas
Date:
2014 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Orangeries  Search this
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Plants, Potted  Search this
French doors  Search this
Oranges  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item TX074030
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas / TX074: Dallas -- Sewell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13632

[Louise Jordan's Garden]: cast iron furniture and raised garden beds in an entertainment garden.

Photographer:
Logan, Anne J.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Cast iron
Place:
Louise Jordan's Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Date:
2010 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Bricks  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Urns  Search this
Birdbaths  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Settees  Search this
Benches  Search this
Container gardening  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cast iron
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item TX094012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas / TX094: Dallas -- Louise Jordan's Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13734

Marshall -- Orlean House

Landscape architect:
Arentz, Richard  Search this
Provenance:
The Warrenton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Orlean House (Marshall, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Marshall
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and plant lists.
General:
The land was included in the 12-square mile grant given in colonial times to the Sixth Lord Thomas Fairfax, who deeded his Manor of Leeds, named for his father's estate in England, to his heir Denny Martin Fairfax. Orlean House is within the 588-acre tract granted by Fairfax to John Winn Smith in September 1760, whose descendants built the first frame house in 1795, to which a larger stone addition was appended in 1812. That house, the oldest structure in the area, now has gardens added by the current owners beginning in 2003 under the guidance of Richard Arentz, ASLA. Their favorite part of the 18-acre property is the shade garden that connects the formal arrival court at the end of the long entrance drive to the sectors used for outdoor entertaining, which include a swimming pool edged by a wildflower meadow. The shade garden includes an understory of sweet woodruff and periwinkle, tulips and narcissus, herbaceous perennials including hellebores, hosta, autumn fern, astilbe, sedge and bleeding heart, flowering shrubs including Exbury and Delaware Valley white azaleas, English boxwood, winter hazel and hydrangea, and fringe trees.
Remnants of earlier gardens are few but include many daffodil fields, old boxwood and mature trees. Orlean House was included in the Virginia Historic Garden Week tour in 2011, and the 21st century gardens continue to develop as they age. An historic barn and corn crib dating from the early days of farming are still standing on the property and are in good condition.
Persons associated with the garden include Lord Thomas Fairfax and Denny Martin Fairfax (owners before 1760); John Winn Smith and descendants (former owners, 1760-1829); William W., James and Elizabeth Payne (former owners, 1829-1834); Albert S. and Thomas M. Hirst (former owners, 1834-1873); Marshall H. and Ludwell Lake (former owners, 1873-circa 1882); William H. and Hattie L. Tripplett and Eppa Hunton Jr., (former owners, 1885 - 1898); Edward S. and Mary E. Halley (former owners, 1898-1913); H.N. and Eliza J. Brown (former owners, 1913-1924); Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Kengla, Mason B. Payne and Mr. and Mrs. Murray A. Russell (former owners, 1924-1927); Josephine L Woolf (former owner, 1927-1940); Frank and Gertrude Henius (former owners, 1940-1943); Bolton and Florence Love (former owners, 1943-1976); John and Louise Merryman (former owners, 1976-1984); William and Catherine Osier (former owners, 1984-1998); Jennifer Austell-Wolfson and family (former owners, 1998-2003); Richard Arentz, ASLA (landscape architect, 2003-present).
Related Materials:
Orlean House related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides (photographs); 4 digital images + 1 reference print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Marshall  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA410
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18845
Online Media:

Orange -- Windholme Farm

Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Windholme Farm (Orange, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Orange -- Orange
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and real estate announcements.
General:
The 238 acres of Windholm Farm were part of a grant given to John Scott in 1730, with an original section of the main house dating to 1729. It is one of two houses in Orange County that sate from the 1720s. Originally known as Clifton, Windholme was the home of the Scott family from the 1720s until the 1920s. The Virginia property was purchased in 1947 by Harry Peters whose mother was the President of the Garden Club of America from 1944-1947. At one time the property featured three bomb shelters and were large enough to accomodate Mr. Peters' staff. Peters also had an aviary in what is now a garden shed.
The current gardens feature boxwood topiaries and hedges, brick terraces with small fountains, many ornamental trees, and several millstones and sculptures. The octagon is a design element used in an open brick terrace and for a small pond with a fountain set in another shady brick terrace. There are brick walkways leading to the house and connecting the outdoor entertaining areas.
Persons associated with the garden include John Scott and descendants (former owners, 1730-1928); Harry Peters, Jr. (former owner, 1947-1984); Helen Smith (former owner, 1984-1997); Shawn Daily (former owner, 1997-2002).
Related Materials:
Windholme Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides; 16 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Orange  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA404
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18872
Online Media:

[Carriage House Garden]: a brick patio behind the house for entertaining .

Photographer:
Burke, Henrietta  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Carriage House Garden in Old Town (Alexandria, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Alexandria
Date:
2010 Jun.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Patios, brick  Search this
Container gardening  Search this
Hydrangeas  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Vines  Search this
Ivy  Search this
Walls, brick  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA409008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA409: Alexandria -- Carriage House Garden in Old Town
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18995

Dallas -- Dr. and Mrs. Leonard M. Riggs, Jr. Residence

Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas -- Dallas
Dr. and Mrs. Leonard M. Riggs, Jr. Residence (Dallas, Texas)
Scope and Contents:
33 digital images (2014-2016), 6 prints and 1 file folder
General:
In 2013 the owners remodeled the landscape of their half acre property with a mid-century modern house by building two terraces that fitted into the terrain behind the house, and a small stone terrace for fishing in the creek. To meet a FEMA requirement for their location in a 100 year flood plain they added a framed glass flood wall that would not obstruct the view. Views of Turtle Creek and the neighboring golf course were important, as well as sunset views that could be enjoyed during outside entertaining or quiet evenings. Another requirement was a heat tolerant garden that conserves water, solved by favoring native plants such as sedge, cypress and the existing mature pecan trees. The sedge, juncus and acorus watered with drip irrigation remain evergreen and are mowed only once each year.Additional plants include mondo grass, hellebores, wax myrtle and Japanese yew supplemented with crushed granite that was also used to pave over a defunct swimming pool. Gingko, Japanese maple, limelight hydrangea, holly, iris, and a water garden in a polished concrete fountain enhance the modern hardscape and refurbished Tennessee Crab Orchard stone that was reused for the patio and entry. The terraces with fire pit and water feature and patio with a concrete-topped dining table complement the original intention of the architect to meld indoor with outdoor spaces.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Gillis Thomas (former owners, 1971-2013); David Hayes (sculptor); William T. Arterburn (Tary) (landscape architect, 2013); Scott Wells Lyons (architect, -2011).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX200
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32839

Portland -- Teasdale Garden

Landscape architect:
Bainnson, Brian  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Teasdale Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and feature plans.
General:
Located on one-third acre, the Teasdale Garden fills a wedge-shaped corner lot comprised of lush plantings, garden sculpture, entertaining and sports areas, a koi pond and a rockery with a waterfall. The garden was redesigned in 1996 with the assistance of landscape architect Brian Bainnson. Prior to the re-design, the 1924 property included a rock retaining wall, a concrete reflecting pool, a mature tulip tree, overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel. The brick path to the front door was only two feet wide and there was little to indicate where the front door was located. Major improvements were made including creating garden rooms on different levels with painted cedar fences establishing boundaries. New brickwork added a dining deck next to the house, enlarged existing patios and widened the front walk, and with the addition of steps and another patio turned an original concrete reflecting pool into a garden room with a water garden stocked with koi. After overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel were removed a quatrefoil knot garden was installed and planted with roses. Topiary trees, columns, obelisks, gazing globes, and many pieces of sculpture by artists Jill Toberson and Marta Farris add wit and definition to the garden rooms.
A small adjacent property previously owned by the city of Portland was annexed and now is a vegetable garden planted in raised beds. There are plans to add chickens and a chicken coop
Persons associated with the garden include Harry F., William H., and Imogene R. Morrow (former owners, 1934-1981); Sherry and Douglas Fir Woods (former owners, 1983-1991); Mark and Gay Santos (former owners, 1991-1996); Brian Bainnson ASLA (landscape architect); Tarek Ghebllawi (garden pruning); Jill Torberson (garden sculpture); Marta Farris (garden sculpture).
Related Materials:
Teasdale Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (15 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR049
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10145

Newport -- Parterre

Former owner:
Belmont, August, 1813-1890  Search this
McLean, Evalyn Walsh, 1886-1947  Search this
Van Clief, Ray, d. 1945  Search this
Monroe, J. Edgar, 1897-1991  Search this
Gobb, Ray  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Architect:
Bissinger, Frederick L. Jr  Search this
Landscape designer:
Purviance, Virginia Pepper  Search this
Toland, Julia Rush  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Parterre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, write-ups of the property's history, a write-up of plans and inspiration for the garden, and an invoice for the original installation of the garden.
General:
Parterre comprises three acres of the former Belmont estate in Newport, Rhode Island, which had been maintained as parkland since the demolition of By-the-Sea in 1944. Mature trees were left in place, fronting the Normandy manor house designed by architect Frederick L Bissinger, and distinct formal garden rooms were installed by horticulturalist Virginia P. Purviance and landscape architect Julia R. Toland. The garden rooms are described as winter, black and white, potager, woodland and cutting, which provides material for the owner's award-winning floral designs. Specimen trees were planted as understory to the mature trees, and to soften the transitions between the different areas of the estate. The owner took inspiration from the elegant and understated garden designs of Russell Page (1906-1985) and the innovative and rule breaking style of Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932).
The black and white garden was originally conceived as a green and white garden, to be planted in shades of white, green and copper. Darker plant materials were introduced later. An orangerie is used for entertaining small parties, while large parties are held under a tent on the back lawn. The cutting garden beds are situated near the service area on the estate for convenience. The winter garden next to the house has a reflecting pool as well as hedges and Versailles containers and a dovecote in one corner. The shady woodland garden has a fall flame border planted with Japanese maple and a developing moss garden.
Persons associated with the garden include August Belmont (former owner, 1860-1924); Evalyn Walsh McLean (former owner, 1924-1944); Ray Van Clief (former owner, 1944-1947); J. Edgar Monroe (former owner, 1947-1971); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1971-1986); Ray Gobb (former owner, 1986-1994); George Champlin Mason (architect of "By-the Sea", previous residence on property which was demolished in 1944); Frederick L. Bissinger, Jr. (architect, F. L. Bissinger, Inc., dates unknown); Virginia Pepper Purviance (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1999) and Julia Rush Toland of Toland Landscape Design (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1998?).
Related Materials:
Parterre related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm. reference slides and 22 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI166
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10573
Online Media:

Knoxville -- Siler Garden

Developer:
Ferrell, E. V.  Search this
Landscaper:
Coker, Gordon  Search this
Landscape architect:
Thurman, Jenny  Search this
Provenance:
Knoxville Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Siler Garden (Knoxville, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Knox -- Knoxville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and other documentation.
General:
The 1935 residence was part of a subdivision developed by E. V. Ferrell starting in 1924 and advertised as a "utopian getaway." There were beautiful old azaleas on the 1.52 acre property when the current owners acquired the property in 1983, but those azaleas died in a hard freeze two years later. Over the next three decades the three vernacular gardens they installed have created the utopian getaway envisioned by the original developer. The front yard garden is a parkland with mature trees and shrubs, lawn, and swathes of liriope and Lenten rose with a pierced brick wall draped with ivy alongside the driveway. Along the house there are foundation plantings set off by a low brick wall with ornamental iron fencing. Behind the house the lawn is bisected by the pool plaza, with the garage at one end, an outdoor room for entertaining at the other end, and a pergola on the far side. A perennial border and planted squares add color to the hardscape surrounding the pool. A semi-circular slate deck overlooks a hillside garden that is known as the real garden with wide stone stairs leading through lush and colorful plantings to woodlands at the base of the property. That deck serves as the roof of the semi-circular garden shed, built from blocks and covered with stucco to look like a grotto tucked into the slope. The real garden area was a wasteland of overgrown vines, weeds, invasive plants, rotten landscape timbers and debris, and was tackled in ten to fifteen foot sections each year. Each stone in the retaining walls was laid by hand; a pond was tried out in three different locations. Some of the plants came from earlier family gardens, and there is an historic tree in the front yard.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. N.E. Logan (former owners until 1929); Mrs. Edna Taylor Briscoe (former owner, 1929-1955); Mr. and Mrs. William Ernest Briscoe (former owners, 1955-1962); Mr. and Mrs. Rodman Townsend (former owners, 1962-1983); Gordon Coker (landscaper, 1993-2000); and Jenny Thurman (landscape architect, 2007).
Related Materials:
Siler Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (28 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Knoxville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN086
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10924

Pittsburgh -- La Petite Maison

Former owner:
Cohen, Stewart  Search this
Litman, Brenda  Search this
Mullens, Jack  Search this
Litman, Murray  Search this
Landscape designer:
Kotcho, Ron  Search this
Architect:
Smith, Brandon  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
La Petite Maison (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information.
General:
La Petite Maison is a formal garden established in 2001 on a half-acre property with the colors of the flowers and decorative elements limited to blue and white. Both the house and garden reflect French style, with lacy cast iron trim reminiscent of New Orleans. Nikko blue hydrangeas, liriope, hosta and nepeta provide the blue tones in the garden, which also features phlox, clematis, lilacs, boxwood and arborvitae. There are two terraces for entertaining, one at ground level with a fountain and one for dining off the upper story. A round mirror set in a wall at one end of the garden adds depth. A large stone urn is planted with euonymus and English ivy is another feature.
Persons associated with the garden include Jack Mullens (former owner, 1947); Stewart Cohen (former owner, 1958-1960); Brenda Litman (former owner, 1960-1978); Murray Litman (former owner, 1978-2000); Brandon Smith (architect, 1947); Ron Kotcho (landscape designer, beginning in 2001).
Related Materials:
La Petite Maison related holdings consist of 1 folder (6 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA689
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16550

Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
American Federation of Teachers  Search this
Department of Defense, Comprehensive Review Working Group  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center of Baltimore and Central Maryland  Search this
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives  Search this
San Diego LGBT Pride  Search this
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Smith College  Search this
University of Connecticut  Search this
William Way Community Center  Search this
Biren, Joan E.  Search this
Bushnell, Megan  Search this
Davidson, James, Dr.  Search this
Dietrich, Joe  Search this
Exline, Gregory  Search this
Florence, Laura  Search this
Huebner, David  Search this
Jain, Shawn  Search this
Karazsia, Amy  Search this
Karazsia, William G.  Search this
Lombardi, Angela  Search this
Lynch, Patsy  Search this
Meinke, Mark  Search this
Nitz, Ryan  Search this
Reichard, Bradley  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Ros, Silvia  Search this
Sabatino, Michael  Search this
Shannon, Michael A.  Search this
Sheets, Justin  Search this
Snodgrass, Adam  Search this
Voorheis, Robert  Search this
Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Other:
Larson, Gordon P., 1910-1988 -- 20th century  Search this
Names:
McWaine, Dwayne, Dr.  Search this
Extent:
61 Cubic feet (186 boxes, 20 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Passports
Postcards
Photographs
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
Dvds
Songbooks
Periodicals
Place:
Canada -- Description and Travel
Germany -- description and travel
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Washington, D.C. -- history
Los Angeles (Calif.)
New York, New York
Date:
1825-2021, undated
bulk 1960-2019
Summary:
This collection contains a variety of periodicals, photographs, correspondence, business and advertising ephemera (corporate and non-profit, personal), organizational records and ephemera, created by, for, and in reaction to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) community.
Scope and Contents:
The Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection contains periodicals, ephemera, posters, postcards, advertisements, photographs, organizational records, publications, correspondence, and other materials related to all aspects of the LGBT community and the civil rights issues pertaining thereto. The collection was created by the Archives Center to bring together materials specifically pertaining to the LGBT community. This collection contains material from communities and individuals throughout the United States. The collection is currently strongest in periodicals, newspapers and ephemera and very strong in material from California and New York. The collection continues to add new items and the researcher would be wise to take a broad view in targeting their research topics in the collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into twenty-four series.

Series 1: Periodicals, 1937-2018

Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations, 1984-2018, undated

Series 3: Community Life and Subject Files, 1825-2018, undated

Subseries 3.1: Photographs and Slides, 1870-1980, undated

Subseries 3.2: Ephemera and Buttons, 1969-2018, undated

Subseries 3.3: Posters and Prints, 1825-2018, undated

Subseries 3.4: Subject Files, 1958-2018, undated

Subseries 3.5: Pride, 1976-2018, undated

Subseries 3.6: HIV and AIDS, 1987-2017, undated

Series 4: Advertising, Business, and Publications, 1970-2018, undated

Subseries 4.1: Advertising, 1970-2018, undated

Subseries 4.2: Business, 1998-2017, undated

Subseries 4.3: Television, Theater, and Motion Pictures, 1978-2018, undated

Subseries 4.4: Bar ephemera and advertisement, 1979-2018, undated

Subseries 4.5: Publications, 1976-2018, undated

Series 5: Biren, Joan E. (JEB), 195-2018, undated

Subseries 5.1: Xerographic Copies of Photoprints, 1971-1995, undated.

Subseries 5.2: Posters and Oversize Advertisement, 1973-2018, undated

Series 6: Dietrich, Joseph A., 1992-2010

Series 7: Mattachine Society Records, 1942-1996, undated

Subseries 7.1: Correspondence, 1952-1991, undated

Subseries 7.2: Board of Directors Minutes, 1954-1974, undated

Subseries 7.3: Organizational Information, 1942-1993, undated

Subseries 7.4: Councils, Chapters, and Committees, 1953-1965, undated

Subseries 7.5: Conventions, 1953-1960, undated

Subseries 7.6: Publications, 1944-1996, undated

Series 8: Rainbow History Community Pioneers, 2003-2012, undated

Series 9: Strub, Sean O., addendum, 1987-2011, undated

Series 10: Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore (GLCCB, 1990-2014, undated

Series 11: Ros, Silvia, 2009-2011

Series 12: Huebner, David, 2009-2014

Series 13: St. George, Philip, 1945-1955, undated

Series 14: Will & Grace, 1995-2006

Series 15: Barna, Joseph T. and Heritage of Pride (HOP), New York, New York, 1910-2014, undated

Subseries 15.1: Photographs, Photographic Negatives, and Slides, 1985-2010, undated

Subseries 15.2: Heritage of Pride (HOP), 1984-2014, undated

Subseries 15.3: Barna, Joseph T., 1910-2013, undated,

Series 16: Becker, John M., 1999-2014, undated

Series 17: Rohrbaugh, Richard, 1972-1986, undated

Series 18: Guest, Michael E., 2001-2009

Series 19: The Fosters, 2013

Series 20: Pride at Work, 1990-2015

Series 21: Sabatino, Michael and Voorheis, Robert, 1980-2016, undated

Subseries 21.1: Archilla, Gustavo A. and Lokkins, Elmer T., 1916-2014, undated

Series 22: Gay Officers Action League (GOAL), 1982-2016, undated

Series 23: Brown, Adele "Del" and Herizon's Bar, 1985-1991, undated

Subseries 1: Changing Herizons, and Herizons Newsletter, 1983-1991

Series 24: Universal Felloship Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC), 1957-2019, undated
Historical Note:
While the quest for equal rights has been pursued by generations, it is generally acknowledged that the modern day Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) civil rights movement began in New York City in June 1969 with the Stonewall Riots. Prior to this time a number of activists, individuals, and organizations such as The Mattachine Society, Daughters of Bilitis and others, fought to bring recognition of LGBT civil rights to the forefront of American society. While the movement was primarily, and most visually, centered in New York City and San Francisco, periodicals, guide books, and ephemeral material interconnected the larger LGBT community throughout the United States. The increased visibility of the LGBT movement inspired groups at odds with that new found visibility and call to action. The challenge to what was termed "traditional" values encouraged counter-LGBT groups to define and solidfy their constituency as well. This collection comprises material that is generated by individuals and organizations that have been on both sides of the question.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Michio and Aveline Kushi Macro-Biotics Collection (AC0619)

The Shamrock Bar: Photographs and Interviews (AC0857)

John-Manuel Andriote Victory Deferred Collection (AC1128)

Archives Center Wedding Documentation Collection (AC1131 )

Division of Science, Medicine, and Society HIV/AIDS Reference Collection (AC1134)

John-Manuel Andriote Hot Stuff: A Brief History of Disco Collection (AC1184)

Joan E. Biren (JEB) Queer Film Museum Collection (AC1216)

World AIDS Institute (WAI) Collection (AC1266)

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) Records (AC1282)

Helping Persons with AIDS (HPA) Records (AC1283)

DC Cowboys Dance Company Records (AC1312)

Bil Browning and Jerame Davis Papers (AC1334)

David Hadley Rockwell New York Disco Ephemera Collection (AC1342)

Leonard P. Hirsch Federal Globe Records (AC1357)

Corbett Reynolds Papers (AC1390)

Mark Segal Papers (AC1422)

The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection (AC1428)

Academy of Washington Records (AC1458)

Matthew Shepard Papers (AC1463)

I'm From Driftwood Records (AC1503)

The Division of Political History holds artifacts related to gay activist Franklin Kameny and a variety of political buttons. They also hold LGBT related artifacts from Joan E. Biren (JEB).

The Division of Medical and Science holds objects donated from Dr. Renee Richards, Sean O. Strub, and Leonard Hirsch.

The Division of Entertainment and the Arts holds objects donated by The Fosters and Will & Grace.
Provenance:
This collection was assembled by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian, beginning in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women's music  Search this
Transgender people -- Identity  Search this
Sexual orientation  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
Gay activists  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
HIV and AIDS  Search this
Feminism  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Bars (Drinking establishments)  Search this
Gay Pride  Search this
Genre/Form:
Passports
Postcards
Photographs -- 2000-2010
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
DVDs
Photographs -- 20th century
Songbooks
Periodicals
Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1146
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1146
Online Media:

Lekakis, Paul, entertainer

Series Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2004
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 4: Advertising, Business, and Publications / 4.3: Television, Theater, and Motion Pictures
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
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