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Electron Optics in Kinescopes

Collection Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Container:
Box 40, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1948
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Citation:
Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1943-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ralph H. Baer Papers
Ralph H. Baer Papers / Series 9: Writings and Notes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c158b36c-28e4-44ac-9450-86bc1a8c7dee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0854-ref577

Dumont Color TV-Electron Optic System

Maker:
DuMont Company  Search this
Measurements:
polariyatron apparatus: 26 cm x 15 cm x 28 cm; 10 1/4 in x 5 7/8 in x 11 in
Object Name:
Polariyatron Apparatus
Other Terms:
Polariyatron Apparatus; Components; Laboratory and Measurement; Laboratory and Measurement
Credit Line:
from Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation, Dumont Laboratories Div., thru Edgar S. Hill
ID Number:
EM.328363
Catalog number:
328363
Accession number:
270517
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Electricity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-1ad2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_710483

Engineering Model, Lander, Mars, Pathfinder

Manufacturer:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology  Search this
Materials:
Mixed metals (e.g. aluminum and titanium), electronics, optics
Dimensions:
Overall: 5 ft. tall x 9 ft. 1 in. wide x 10 ft. 6 in. deep (152.4 x 276.9 x 320cm)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Instruments & Payloads
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Inventory Number:
A19990073000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Space Science
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d2a8864f-5304-4a9d-ad08-82f32c413cf4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19990073000
Online Media:

Electron-optical Characterization of Bacterial Magnetite

Author:
Towe, Kenneth M.  Search this
Moench, T. T.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1981
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Paleobiology  Search this
See others in:
Paleobiology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_94065

[Trade catalogs from Heath Tecna Corp.]

Company Name:
Heath Tecna Corp.  Search this
Related companies:
Materials Analysis Co. [Subsidiary]  Search this
Notes content:
Electron microprobe analyzer ; "MAC" high resolution scanning electron microscope ; electron optics instrumentation and services .
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
5 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Palo Alto, California, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Optical instruments  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_30041
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_30041

[Trade catalogs from Japan Electron Optics Laboratory Co., Ltd.]

Company Name:
Japan Electron Optics Laboratory Co., Ltd.  Search this
Notes content:
Electron microscopes.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Tokyo, Japan
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Optical instruments  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_23276
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_23276

[Trade catalogs from Contraves AG]

Company Name:
Contraves AG  Search this
Related companies:
Oerlikon Machine Tool Works ; Buhrle & Co. ; Oerlikon Contraves AG ;  Search this
Notes content:
Theodolite ; electronic optical tracking system ; anti-aircraft systems ;
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Zurich, Switzerland
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Surveying supplies  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Topic:
Optical instruments  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Surveying -- Instruments  Search this
Surveying instrument industry  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_11335
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_11335

Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection

Author:
Marton, Ladislaus Laszlo, 1901-1979 (physicist)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Electricity and Modern Physics  Search this
Names:
United States. National Bureau of Standards  Search this
Extent:
4.66 Cubic feet (15 boxes, one (1) 16 mm film)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Lantern slides
Drawings
Photographs
Correspondence
Diagrams
Slides (photographs)
Notebooks
Date:
1932 - 1970
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of materials documenting the history of electron optics, especially electron microscopes. Included are engineering drawings of Marton's devices, designed in Belgium, Stanford and RCA in the 1930s and 1940s; notebooks concerning extensive investigations in electron microscopy; photographs and micrographs concerning development work in this area of physics; correspondence 1930s 702; and reprints of scientific literature relating to Marton's interests.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Notebooks, electron microscope, 1920s, undated

Series 2: Photographs, undated

Series 3: Printed Materials, 1940-1970
Biographical / Historical:
Ladislaus L. Marton 1901 1979 was a physicist best known for his pioneer work in electron physics, specifically in electron microscopy, electron optics, and electron interferences and scattering. He came to the United States in 1938, and became a naturalized citizen in 1944. He was a member of the faculty at the University of Brussels (Belgium), 1928 1938, and assistant professor from 1933 1938. He was a research physicist at the RCA Manufacturing Company from 1938 1941. He was associate professor of electron optics, head division Stanford University, 1941 1946. He was a physicist from 1946 1970 at the National Bureau of Standards in Washington. Until his death he was an honorable research associate at the Smithsonian Institution.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ladislaus Laszlo Marton, circa 1970.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Electron microscopy  Search this
Electron physics  Search this
Physicists  Search this
Optics  Search this
Electron scattering  Search this
Electron optics  Search this
Physics  Search this
Electron interference  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Lantern slides
Drawings -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Diagrams
Photographs -- Phototransparencies -- 20th century
Slides (photographs)
Notebooks
Citation:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection, 1932-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0100
See more items in:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89d5f6f08-a953-47d4-9b1e-1a35bb96f51f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0100

Electron Microscope, Division of Electron Optics, Stanford University, Miscellaneous Photos

Collection Author:
Marton, Ladislaus Laszlo, 1901-1979 (physicist)  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection, 1932-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep824d76371-6fa2-4c07-b0aa-0ffa623b30c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0100-ref18

Outline of Course in Electron Optics

Collection Author:
Marton, Ladislaus Laszlo, 1901-1979 (physicist)  Search this
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection, 1932-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection / Series 3: Printed Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep894ca07c6-1833-43ed-8504-0bd8d32fa65f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0100-ref30

Experimental Investigation of Energy Broadening in Electron Optical Instruments by Hans C. Pfeiffer

Collection Author:
Marton, Ladislaus Laszlo, 1901-1979 (physicist)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection, 1932-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection
Ladislaus Laszlo Marton Collection / Series 3: Printed Materials / 10th Electron Ion and Laser Beam Technology Symposium (EILBT file II)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep826866a84-c1c2-457a-a366-25dd0a6e69ba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0100-ref73

Hans W.G. Salinger

Collection Creator:
Papp, George  Search this
International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation  Search this
Lott, H.J.  Search this
Salinger, Hans W.G.  Search this
Hirsch, Robert L.  Search this
Farnsworth, Philo Taylor, b. 1906  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Information, Technology and Society  Search this
Cawein, Madison  Search this
Essig, Sanford  Search this
Eberhardt, Edward  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944 - 1945
Scope and Contents:
Hans W.G. Salinger joined ITT Industrial Laboratories in 1936. In his career with the company he was a research engineer, Head of the Radar Department, Acting Director of the Components and Instrumentation Laboratory, and Scientific Advisor to the Laboratory Director of ITT Industrial Laboratories Division. Salinger received his PhD from the University of Berlin and was awarded 19 patents. His experience included development work associated with circuit theory, acoustics, magnetic materials, electron optics and ballistics, wave filters, research and development on submarine cables, telegraphy, analog computers for fire control, photomultipliers, and infrared systems.

This series contains materials that were originally in a binder labeled "H. Salinger." It includes his reports and notes regarding the Omegatron, magnetic focusing in image tubes, picture quality in electrostatic dissectors, photometric units, and image tubes.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
ITT Industrial Laboratories Electron Tube Research Records, 1934-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0822, Series 3
See more items in:
ITT Industrial Research Laboratories Electron Tube Research Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep845a1a94c-d757-41be-add6-573887299b50
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0822-ref19

The Construction of an Electron Microscope

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Container:
Item RF12 222.20
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Division of Electron Optics, Stanford University. 1 reel (599 ft.) : si., col. & b&w : 16mm. positive. Credits: Built by L. Morton, Stanford University; F. Bubb; J. Guebmrier; S. W. Grinnell; R. G. E. Hutter; A. Jansse; C. Marton; F. Molnar; F. Pool. Summary: 000-124 - b&w; factory, delicate machinary, fitting pieces together. 125-152 - col.; man soldering. 153-206 - b&w; men working with lathe, cleaning center of disc, attach cylinder.

207-351 - col.; men still attaching components, woman comes to see. 352-381 - b&w; two men wiring and soldering.

382-499 - col.; installing electric system; delicate work; cartoon of man looking through microscope at man sitting on sliver of moon in sky.

499-599 - col.; adjusting lens of microscope—suburban house and neighborhood (car ca. 1950s.) Reason for inclusion in Medical Sciences Collection or Advertising Series is unclear.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 5: Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep888af7f46-ee60-4418-8dc4-762df8877625
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref193

Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Videohistory Collection

Extent:
8 videotapes (Reference copies). 22 digital .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1986-1987
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
David H. DeVorkin, curator at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum (NASM), recorded five sessions with the men at the NRL who pioneered the sciences of X-ray astronomy and aeronomy. DeVorkin was particularly interested in how technologies and techniques developed for one purpose crossed disciplinary boundaries to affect or create others. Participants detailed how they adopted, applied, or improved on extant technologies for their hybrid research; throughout the sessions there is ample visual documentation of artifacts and working equipment used at the NRL. The video sessions were arranged in two series: 1) X-ray astronomy and 2) aeronomy.

This collection consists of five interview sessions, separated into two series, totally approximately 16:00 hours of recordings and 390 pages of transcript.
Historical Note:
World War II and the advent of the Cold War led the United States government to underwrite basic scientific research that could be applied to military purposes. Because the United States Navy was concerned about the effect of nuclear radiation on its wireless radio communication system, it funded studies in astronomy and aeronomy--the examination of the earth's atmosphere--at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington, D.C. Wartime advances in rocketry and electronics enabled physicists and engineers to study non-visible radiation at ever greater distances from the earth's surface. These studies resulted in more sophisticated views of the composition of the atmosphere and of solar radiation, and in the revelation of the presence of stellar X-ray radiation between 1946 and the early 1960s. By the latter period, however, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) began to eclipse NRL's pre-eminence in space science.

Herbert Friedman was born in 1916, received his Ph.D. in physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1940, and began working at the NRL a year later. After two years of using X-ray radiation to detect manufacturing flaws, he was appointed head of the Electron Optics branch of the Rocketry Division. In 1958 Friedman took over the Space Science Division until his retirement.

Edward T. Byram earned his degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Toledo before the war, during which he served in the U.S. Army for three years. He spent two years at the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company and joined the NRL's Electron Optics branch in December, 1947. Between 1962 and 1972 he contributed to 54 papers on X-ray astronomy.

Talbot A. Chubb was born in 1923 and took the B.A. in physics that he received from Princeton University to the Clinton Engineer Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in 1944. His doctoral advisor in physics at the University of North Carolina referred him to the NRL in 1950. Chubb headed the Lab's Upper Air Physics branch from 1959 to 1981.

Robert Kreplin spent the summers of 1948 and 1949 at the NRL while finishing his B.A. in physics at Dartmouth University. After receiving his M.A. in 1952, Kreplin returned to the NRL permanently.

Charles Y. Johnson was born in 1920 and received his B.E.E. from the University of Virginia in 1942. After serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II he joined the Cosmic Ray Section of the NRL. He headed the Air and Ion Composition Section from 1954 to 1958 and the Aeronomy Section until his retirement.

Julian C. Holmes was born in 1930 and received his A.B. in physics from Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, in 1951. He joined Johnson at the NRL in 1956 as a Physicist.
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Aerobee rockets  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9539, Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9539
See more items in:
Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9539

Early X-ray Astronomy

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series contains three sessions with four of the pioneers of early X-ray astronomy at the Electron Optics Branch of the NRL: Edward T. Byram, Talbot A. Chubb, Herbert Friedman, and Robert Kreplin. They discussed the sources of employees and equipment; changes in equipment and launch vehicles; preparation of equipment for launches; working environment at the NRL; and interpretation of experimental data. DeVorkin complemented each interview with extensive visual documentation of the equipment discussed and of the laboratories where it was developed and tested. Sessions were recorded at the National Air and Space Museum and the Naval Research Laboratory between December 1986 and July 1987.

In Sessions One through Three, DeVorkin interviewed all four participants in a group and then in pairs to review the progression of astronomical research at the NRL between 1945 and the early 1960s. Scientists from physics and engineering backgrounds collaborated on the adaptation and development of radiation detection equipment to exploit the higher altitudes attained by successive generations of rockets.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9539, Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9539, Series 1
See more items in:
Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9539-refidd1e240

JEOL news : electron optics instrumentation

Type:
Periodicals
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Microscopy--Instruments  Search this
Microscopy  Search this
Microscopes--Instruments  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_842182

Introduction to electron optics; the production, propagation and focusing of electron beams, by V.E. Cosslett ..

Author:
Cosslett, V. E (Vernon Ellis)  Search this
Physical description:
x, [2], 272 p. VIII pl. (incl. front.) on 6 l., diagrs. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
Topic:
Electron optics  Search this
Call number:
QC447.C63X 1946
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_445405

Electron-optics, by Dr. Paul Hatschek, translated by Arthur Palme

Author:
Hatschek, Paul  Search this
Palme, Arthur  Search this
Physical description:
v, 161 p. illus., diagrs. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1944
Topic:
Electron optics  Search this
Call number:
QC447.H33X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_215340

An introduction to electron optics. Foreword by Sir Clifford C. Paterson

Author:
Jacob, L  Search this
Physical description:
150 p. illus. 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1951
[1951]
Topic:
Electron optics  Search this
Call number:
QC447.J3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_215347

L'Optique électronique / [par] Louis de Broglie, Claude Magnan, André Lallemand [et al.] Réunions d'études et de mises au point tenues sous la présidence de Louis de Broglie ..

Author:
Broglie, Louis de 1892-1987  Search this
Physical description:
[4], 222, [1] p., [2] leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
Topic:
Electron optics  Search this
Call number:
QC793.5.E62 D28
QC793.5.E62D28
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_162763

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