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Electronic Assembly, High Resolution Imaging, ROSAT

Manufacturer:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Materials:
Non-Magnetic White Metals
Ferrous Alloys
Plastics
Rubber
Paints and Coatings
Glass
Adhesive
Possible Gold Plating
Paper
Ink
Synthetic Fiber Fabric
Natural Fiber Fabric
Dimensions:
3-D: 107.9 × 61.3 × 55.9cm (3 ft. 6 1/2 in. × 2 ft. 1/8 in. × 1 ft. 10 in.)
Storage: 67.1kg (148lb.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Scientific
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Inventory Number:
A20020291000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv99df23785-0787-46a7-bb82-5d8c2249bdf0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020291000

Imager, ROSAT Engineering model

Manufacturer:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Materials:
Mixed metals
Electronics
Dimensions:
3-D: 45.7 x 30.5 x 61cm (18 x 12 x 24 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Scientific
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Harvard University.
Inventory Number:
A20020293000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Explore the Universe
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv98e4e1170-bb26-4624-ac48-f6907997a252
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020293000
Online Media:

Mirror, X-ray, Einstein Satellite Segment

Materials:
Inorganics, possibly Fused quartz
Dimensions:
3-D: 31.4 × 6 × 5.4cm (1 ft. 3/8 in. × 2 3/8 in. × 2 1/8 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Scientific
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of American Science & Engineering Incorporated.
Inventory Number:
A20030006000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9675d8e97-ceec-4a96-acbc-7afa2c99f8dc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20030006000

Einstein Observatory

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Radio and Geoastronomy Division  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 517, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Radio and Geoastronomy Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: General Files, 1978-1982. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0517-refidd1e397

The Extended CfA Einstein Observatory Deep X-ray Survey (Includes: Transparencies and negatives)

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Container:
Box 22 of 29
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-142, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Riccardo Giacconi Papers / Box 22
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa10-142-refidd1e6616

Riccardo Giacconi Papers

Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Extent:
82.13 cu. ft. (80 record storage boxes) (2 document boxes) (1 16x20 box) (1 blueprint storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Laboratory notebooks
Scientific illustrations
Clippings
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Black-and-white transparencies
Place:
Atacama Desert (Chile)
Scorpius X-1 (Star)
Date:
1955-2002
Descriptive Entry:
These records document Riccardo Giacconi's professional career, and consist of papers illustrating his scientific work and administrative records relating to the institutions at which he worked.

There is extensive documentation of Giacconi's professional activities, including meetings attended, papers presented (and published), his services as officer or board member of professional societies; grants, proposals, and contracts, mainly with NASA; correspondence with colleagues; slides and photographs of many facilities with which Giacconi was associated (some unlabeled); news clippings and press releases; appointment books and journals; and files documenting his association with Montedison S.p.A.

Series 1 provides biographical information about Giacconi. Series 2 through 12 offer a roughly chronological overview of the institutions and major scientific projects with which Giacconi has been associated during his professional career. The institutions are American Science and Engineering (Series 2), Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (Series 4), Harvard University (Series 5), Space Telescope Science Institute (Series 11) and European Southern Observatory (Series 12).

Although all the institutional series mentioned contain both scientific and administrative records, there is a noticeable decline in scientific content when Giacconi moves from the Center for Astrophysics to the Space Telescope Science Institute. Interspersed amongst institutional series are series covering major scientific projects that spanned more than one institution, including the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO) series of satellites (Series 6-9), particularly HEAO-B also known as Einstein, Uhuru (Series 3), and the Advanced X-Ray Astronomical Facility (AXAF), later known as the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (Series 10).

Series 13 through 17 illustrate Giacconi's tenure on various committees having to do, primarily, with space science. Series 18 and 19 detail his involvement with professional scientific societies. Series 20 documents Giacconi's involvement in professional scientific meetings. Series 21 illustrates his involvement with Italian company Montedison and its efforts to found a scientific research institute. Series 22 contains Giacconi's general correspondence, much of it from his time at STSI. Series 23 consists of publications that did not match with any specific institute or project. Many of these publications are directed toward a lay audience. Series 24 contains generic materials relating to x-ray astronomy including newspaper clippings and articles. Series 25 consists of Giacconi's appointment books. Series 26 contains materials that relate to Giacconi's personal life, including receipts, pamphlets, announcements, and videotapes. Series 27 consists of awards that Giacconi received for his scientific accomplishments. The Nobel Prize is not included in this collection. The total volume of the collection is approximately 95 cubic feet.
Historical Note:
Riccardo Giacconi (1931-2018), an astrophysicist, was born in Genoa, Italy. He attended the University of Milan, receiving the PhD in 1954. From 1954 to 1956, he served as an Assistant Professor of Physics at the University, then became Research Associate (Fulbright Fellow) at Indiana University. From 1958 to 1959, he was a Research Associate in the Cosmic Ray Laboratory at Princeton University. In 1959 he took the post of Senior Scientist, vice president in charge of the Space Research and Systems Division, at American Science and Engineering (ASE), a private research corporation in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He stayed at ASE, serving as Executive Vice President and a member of the Board of Directors, until 1973, when he left to become Associate Director of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CFA) and Professor of Astronomy at Harvard University. He remained at the CFA until 1981 when he was appointed first Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STSI) and Professor of Physics and Astronomy at The Johns Hopkins University. In 1991 he was also appointed Professor of Physics at the University of Milan.

Much of Giacconi's pioneering work in x-ray astronomy took place during his tenure at ASE, and he was a major force in the development of the company. In 1962 Giacconi's group succeeded in detecting the first extrasolar x-ray source. In 1963 the same group obtained the first solar x-ray picture by use of an x-ray telescope, which had been conceived, advocated, designed, and fabricated by them. In that same year Giacconi proposed an x-ray astronomy satellite, Explorer. The proposal led to a program of construction in 1966-1970, followed by a successful launch in 1970. The satellite became known as Uhuru, and represented a major qualitative step in x-ray astronomy's observational capability. Following this early work on solar x-ray studies, a major program, initiated in 1968, culminated in the flight of the SO-54 x-ray telescope on the Apollo Telescope Mount's Skylab mission. In 1970 a program for construction of a 1.2 meter x-ray telescope for study of extrasolar sources was initiated. The program was modified in 1973, and finally led to the Einstein Observatory mission, successfully launched in 1978. Giacconi had responsibility for the scientific direction and administrative management of all these programs.

Giacconi went to the CFA as Director of the High Energy Astrophysics Division in 1973. He oversaw the conception, fabrication, and design of the Einstein Observatory, preparation of the software and hardware for data reduction for Einstein, and the establishment and implementation of the Guest Observer Program.

In 1981 Giacconi became Director of the new Space Telescope Science Institute, managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).When fully operational, the STSI was to be the center of operations and research for the Hubble Space Telescope, which was launched in 1990. From 1987 to 1988, Giacconi served as a consultant to Montedison S.p.A., an Italian chemical conglomerate, with the title of Chairman of the Board, Instituto Donegani, the research arm of the parent corporation. This activity, which was an attempt to elevate Instituto Donegani to a world class center for chemistry, was soon abandoned.

In 1993, Giacconi left STSI to head the European Southern Observatory (ESO). ESO is an intergovernmental European organization for astronomical research. ESO coordinates the activities of the La Silla and Paranal observatories in the Atacama Desert in Chile. One of the major scientific achievements of ESO under Giacconi's leadership was the installation of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory.

Giacconi left ESO in 1999 and is currently the President of Associated Universities, Inc., which manages the National Radio Astronomy Observatory under a grant from the National Science Foundation.

Giacconi is the author of over 300 articles on x-ray astronomy. He has been awarded numerous prizes for his scientific research, including the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of cosmic x-ray sources.
Topic:
X-ray telescopes  Search this
Nobel Prizes  Search this
S-054 Telescope  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Space photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Laboratory notebooks
Scientific illustrations
Clippings
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Black-and-white transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7416
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7416

High Energy Astrophysical Observatory (HEAO-B, Einstein), 1970-1985, and undated

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of materials stemming for Giacconi's role as Principal Investigator on the HEAO-B x-ray satellite, renamed the Einstein Observatory after its launch in 1978. The series contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, reviews, presentations, clippings, and photographs. This series covers all aspects of the HEAO-B satellite after 1973. In January 1973 the HEAO series of spacecraft was almost cancelled. The x-ray telescope that was supposed to be flown on the HEAO-C satellite was reduced in size and power and reassigned to the HEAO-B satellite. Giacconi was involved in the project first at ASE, then at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, before resigning as Principal Investigator when he moved to the Space Telescope Science Institute in 1981.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7416, Series 9
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7416-refidd1e11583

Folder 4 Einstein Observatory Users' Manual, 1980

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Container:
Box 37 of 84
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Riccardo Giacconi Papers / Series 9: High Energy Astrophysical Observatory (HEAO-B, Einstein), 1970-1985, and undated / Box 37
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7416-refidd1e13721

Folder 8 Observing Program - Rough Drafts of Einstein Observatory User's Manual, 1984

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Container:
Box 37 of 84
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Riccardo Giacconi Papers / Series 9: High Energy Astrophysical Observatory (HEAO-B, Einstein), 1970-1985, and undated / Box 37
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7416-refidd1e13770

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
This series consists primarily of articles and press releases about the Einstein Observatory. There is also a transcript of a Nova program from 1981 about x-ray astronomy. The Einstein Observatory and scientists are prominently featured.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Riccardo Giacconi Papers / Series 9: High Energy Astrophysical Observatory (HEAO-B, Einstein), 1970-1985, and undated / Box 38
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7416-refidd1e14317

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
This subseries consists of one Super 8mm animated segment of the Crab Pulsar as seen by the Einstein Observatory.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7416, Riccardo Giacconi Papers
See more items in:
Riccardo Giacconi Papers
Riccardo Giacconi Papers / Series 9: High Energy Astrophysical Observatory (HEAO-B, Einstein), 1970-1985, and undated / Box 40
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7416-refidd1e14968

Slide Set

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Printing and Photographic Services  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1981
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of one published slide set, "Vision of Einstein," which includes 57 slides and accompanying scripts, and concern the work of the Einstein Observatory of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
Topic:
Astrophysics  Search this
Photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 82-005, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Printing and Photographic Services, Slide Set
Identifier:
Accession 82-005
See more items in:
Slide Set
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa82-005

Impacts of Energetic Outbursts from Supermassive Black Holes Reveal About Galaxy Evolution

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-03-21T18:13:25.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_zXe6E_enezQ

Auroral X-ray emission at Jupiter: Depth effects

Author:
Ozak, N.  Search this
Hui, Y. -W  Search this
Cravens, T. E.  Search this
Kharchenko, V.  Search this
Schultz, D. R.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2010
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_98042

Negative Log Book Number 12, (79-13778 to 80-20260)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1979
1979-1980
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB12]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367109
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  • View Negative Log Book Number 12, (79-13778 to 80-20260) digital asset number 1

New cosmic horizons : space astronomy from the V2 to the Hubble Space Telescope / David Leverington

Author:
Leverington, David 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 507 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2000
Topic:
Space astronomy--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_687862

Scientific specification of the data analysis system for the Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2) imaging proportional counter / F.R. Harnden, Jr. ... [et al.]

Author:
Harnden, F. R (Frank Roderic) 1945-  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Subject:
Einstein Observatory (Artificial satellite)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 301 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
[1984]
Topic:
X-ray astronomy  Search this
Call number:
QB472 .S416
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_198137

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