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Writing their bodies restoring rhetorical relations at the Carlisle Indian School Sarah Klotz

Author:
Klotz, Sarah  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource illustrations (some color)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Place:
Pennsylvania
Carlisle
United States
Pennsylvanie
Date:
2021
Topic:
Off-reservation boarding schools--History  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
English language--Study and teaching--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America--Ethnic identity--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Social conditions--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Education--History  Search this
Racism in education--History  Search this
Internats pour Autochtones--Histoire  Search this
Anglais (Langue)--Étude et enseignement--Histoire  Search this
Racisme en éducation--Histoire  Search this
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES--General  Search this
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES--Rhetoric  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE--Ethnic Studies--Native American Studies  Search this
Education--History  Search this
English language--Study and teaching  Search this
Indians of North America--Education  Search this
Indians of North America--Ethnic identity  Search this
Indians of North America--Social conditions  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools  Search this
Racism in education  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156590

Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
38 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes articles, newspaper clippings, letters and photographs from various events and marches Grace participated in regarding the fight for returning surplus lands to Native peoples. These events and materials include--Fishing Rights March (1970) in Yelm, Washington with the McCloud family; Fort Lawton "Surplus" March (1970) in Seattle, Washington; Pit River versus P.G..E. (1970) in Big Bend, California; DQU, Deganawidah Quetzalcoatl University founding (1971) in Davis, California; and documentation as National Commitee Director for the "Return Surplus Lands to Indian People".
Separated Materials:
The cover and back of the scrapbook binder are in Box 12 since they are oversized.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
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Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv488f38056-777d-4178-98b4-90af44699a74
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref108
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Newspaper Clippings: Interviews about Jim Thorpe with Gail and Grace

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1967-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44a7ace0b-9416-471d-94b0-37825f39d93f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref138
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Newspaper Clippings: "Jim Thorpe Day"

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1969
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d430a128-8dc0-4465-bada-2c9ec4005351
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref139
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Carlisle Jaycees Project Jim Thorpe: Press Kit and Information

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1969
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d54db11f-8603-43d4-9783-7f3e12e0a189
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref142
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Carlisle Jaycees Project Jim Thorpe: Correspondence and Additional Information

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1969
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv498bdc151-c63d-44bc-9dfb-26a25dd98c64
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref143
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Carlisle Jaycees Project Jim Thorpe: "Memories of Dad" Notes

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f4ad525c-16a2-46cc-82aa-547ed8c845d9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref144
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Newspaper Clippings: Jim Thorpe Legacy

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1972
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 5: Jim Thorpe and His Legacy
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4834adc74-c195-4413-bf01-ce364750a035
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref148
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Drawing, by George Catlin About 1832, of O-Ke-Hee-De, The Owl or Evil Spirit, with Body Paint and Buffalo Hair Breech Cloth, Dancing During O-Kee-Pa Ceremony

Collection Creator:
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (gelatin glass negative, 005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.06923000
Local Note:
Photo Caption: "First Indian Boy Who Applied to Capt Pratt For Education in 1878"
Black and white gelatin glass negative
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 81-12, John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30cf7c066-1774-49fc-909a-1cda00ac2066
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-81-12-ref1747

George Pepper: Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Container:
Box 266, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1907
Scope and Contents:
Correspondents: M.T. Farley, Frederick Monsen, Alice Fletcher, Franz Boas, E.F. Dawson, H. Ernestine Ripley, Matilda Stevenson, Berthold Laufer, Wilhelm (Guillermo) Bauer, W.C. Mills, Nicolas Leon, Mrs. George P. Way, Clark Nissler, W.M. Cary, Clarence B. Moore, George Bird Grinnell, W.C. Curtis, Edward Schernikow, John Frederick Huckel.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4749bec2c-2d50-4c9c-96ca-ef3e73e591fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref7445
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Dakota agency personnel (including Indian Police), students, and views of Agency buildings, from various Dakota agencies and Carlisle Indian School

Photographer:
Choate, John N., of Carlisle, Pennsylvania  Search this
Anderson, J. A.  Search this
Creator:
Northwestern Photographic Company  Search this
Names:
Anderson, W. W.  Search this
Berht, Stella  Search this
Black Bear, Carrie  Search this
Calls Horse Looking  Search this
Cleveland, William Joshua, 1845-1910  Search this
Flood, Thomas  Search this
Four Horn, Charlotte  Search this
Galiego, Louisa  Search this
Gallagher, H. D. Col  Search this
Good Nation, Laura  Search this
Hand, Emma  Search this
Horse Looking, Irene  Search this
Iron Eagle Feather  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Little Bull  Search this
Low, Adelia  Search this
McChesney, Charles E.  Search this
McLaughlin, James Major  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Shields, John  Search this
Spence, L. F. Agent  Search this
Standing Bear, Victoria  Search this
Townsend, Harvey  Search this
Two Dogs, Isabella  Search this
Wells, Mark  Search this
White Bear, Rosa  Search this
White Birch, Katie  Search this
White Horse  Search this
White Thunder, Rosa  Search this
Wilson, Susan  Search this
Wright, John V. Judge  Search this
Extent:
44 Mounted prints
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Carlisle by J. N. Choate, three Rosebud Agency photographs by J. A. Anderson, the rest unidentified as to photographer. The photographs probably date between 1880 and 1895.
Catalog Number 4574: Letter of 3/21/58 from Richard A. Pohrt (donor): "...eleven photographs from the Indian School at Carlisle. Pa. These I am certain were all taken by J. N. Choates [Choate], a photographer who had a studio at 21 West Main St., Carlisle, Pa." (1) Carlisle Indian School "The dining hall, Indian Training School" (Original Number 45) Photographer: J. H. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (2) Carlisle Indian School "Sheldon Jackson, John Shields and Harvey Townsend, Pueblos." (Original Number 70) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (3) Carlisle Indian School "Pine Ridge Boys" (Original Number 155) (caption written by hand) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (4) Carlisle Indian School "After School; Indian Training School, Carlisle, Pa." (written by hand). (Original Number 163) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (5) Carlisle Indian School Group of students, presumably of Carlisle School. Labeled on back (by hand) as follows: "No. 1 White Horse Little Bull "No. 2 Calls Horse Looking "No. 3 Brule Iron Eagle Feather "No 4 Stella Berht "No. 5 Rosa White Thunder "No 6 Irene Horse Looking "No 7 Laura Good Nation Compliments of Capt. Pratt, E." J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?) (6) Carlisle Indian School Group of girls, presumably students at Carlisle School. Labled by hand as follows; left to right, row 1 (kneeling) Emma Hand, Rosa White Bear (dead), Isabella Two Dogs, Louisa Galiego (Pine Ridge). Row 2, (sitting) Carrie Black Bear, Susan Wilson (S sister [?]), Charlotte Four Horn, Esther Side [?] Bear. Row 3 (standing) Katie White Birch, Adelia Low, Victoria Standing Bear, Martha Bordeaux [?], Mose Dion [?]. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (7) Carlisle Indian School Group of boys, presumably students at Carlisle School. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (8) "Girl's Quarters, Carlisle Barracks" [Choate Broadside, No 78?] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (9) "School Rooms, Carlisle Barracks." [Choate broadside, No. 80 ?].
Catalog Number 4574: (10) Carlisle Indian School "Cap't Pratt's House and Chapel." [Choate broadside, No. 82 ?] Captain Pratt near steps. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (11) Carlisle Indian School (?) "Band of Indian Boys at the Government School, Washington, D. C." ("Popular Series"). Stereoscopic view. Probably copy of Choate No. 76, erroneously labeled. [See Choate broadside, B.A.E. Catalog Number 4241.] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa (?) (See R. A. Pohrt correspondence, 9/24/59). (12) Tribe: Dakota (Oglalla ?) "High Hawk." Resembles closely the man identified as High Hawk in Signal Corps Photograph at National Archives (No. 101549). Only slight resemblance to S. I. Negative 42,827. He must have been considerably older when the latter was taken if they are the same person. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (13) Dakota:Agency Personnel, various agencies Seated left to right: Reverend William J. Cleveland (Episcopal missionary and sometime agent at Rosebud-- See Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, page 20 for biography), Captain Richard Henry Pratt (Chairman), and Judge John V. Wright of Tennessee, -- the three composed the 2nd commission to the Sioux, 1888. (For account of the commission see Eastman, "Pratt, the Redman's Moses," University of Oklahoma Press, 1935). (Identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b"). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888. Standing. left to right: , (appears third from left in S. I. Negative 43,563-- identified more clearly in original prints of same group National Archives-- N. A. Numbers 86-1, 86-2, 87), Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent Pine Ridge (same ident. source), Major W. W. Anderson, agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule; for a Mark Wells see Negative 3307-c, Dr C. E. McChesney, agent at Cheyenne River Agency (Number 14, in row 5.), Major James McLaughlin, Agent Standing Rock Reservation, Col. L. F. Spence, Agent Rosebud Agency (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888.
Catalog Number 4574: (14) Dakota: Agency Personnel Seated: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud, (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563) Standing: unidentified, but compare with 4574: (28), below. (15) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency Labeled in pencil, "Agent's Dwelling, Pine Ridge Agency, D. T." (Verified by numerous views of the Agency in the National Archives). Two Indian Policemen on porch. Water tower behind house. (16) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency ? Distant view of Agency, almost certainly Pine Ridge (compare with original prints catalog Number 4464. "Pine Ridge Agency from the North in 1891"). Print marked in pencil, "Fort Niobrara, Nebraska Territory"-- erroneous ? Northwestern Photographic Co, Chadron, Nebraska (17) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No. 4 St Francis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, S. D., West Side." Church and school, one wing in process of being built. Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor, "J. A. Anderson." (18) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 7. Birds-eye view of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor,"J. A. Anderson." (19) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 8. Fathers and Brothers of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." J. A. Anderson, Rosebud Agency, S. D. (20) Dakota: Rosebud Agency View of Rosebud Agency, and garden, from the South (if 17 above correct). Must have been taken prior to the Anderson photograph, since the new wing is not in evidence. (Identified from 17 and 18.) (21) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Nuns with large group of students in school uniforms, (St Francis Mission, Rosebud Agency ?) Little white girl in front row looks like one in 4574: (32) below, and possibly same as in 4574: (31).
Catalog Number 4574 (22) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "View at Rosebud Agency. May 8th 1892." This series of "row" houses corresponds, perhaps, to ones in J. A. Anderson's Among the Sioux, "A typical Indian Agency" (BAE temporary 77). Note "Police Station " sign. 1892. (23) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Agent's house, Rosebud Agency (identified from Negative Number 43,791-B). Standing in front, left to right: , , Col. L. F. Spence, Agent (identified from S, I, Negative 43,563 and National Archives' prints of same group), , , . (24) Boy on horse in front of agent's dwelling, Rosebud Agency. (House, and thus agency, identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B and others). (25) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Group of Indian Police, civilian men, women, and children around flag pole in front of agent's house (identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B), Rosebud Agency. Reverend William J. Cleveland (with whiskers and derby) in back row, 2nd to right of flagpole. (Indentified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b.") (26) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Distant view of agent's dwelling and unidentified home and/or school to the left of it. Copy in negative catalog made from another original print. See Negative Number 43,791-C.
Catalog Number 4574: (27) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Unidentified home and/or school to left of agent's dwelling (see 4574:(26) above, then 43,791-B), large group of men in front of building. Possibly Reverend William J. Cleveland, (note whiskers) on porch, 3rd from right. (28) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Agency personnel (?), including Indian police. 4th from left, front row: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). 5th from left, front row: same as man on right in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from left, 2nd row: same as man on left in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from right, 2nd row: Thomas Flood, Interpreter (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). Indentification as Rosebud Agency rests primarily upon the presence of Spence. See Negative Number 45,793-B. (29) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Large building, with chapel, set in open area. Built 1885 (date on front gable). In front are 5 women (one on horse) 3 children, three men; Rev. William J. Cleveland at extreme left (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b). May be Saint Mary's Mission Boarding School for Sioux Boys and Girls, 12 miles from Rosebud Agency, on Antelope Creek, Dakota Territory, for the following reasons: 1. The building is a self-contained unit--including a chapel--and there are no other buildings in view. 2. The building is dated 1885. Pilling, in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, 1887 states that Cleveland had at that time been principal of Saint Mary's for 2 years, which fits neatly with the 1885 date. (30) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Side view of same building as in 4574: (29). Several women and children in foreground. Reverend William J. Cleveland holding horses (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b), and one other man. See 4574:(29) above.
Catalog Number 4574: The following photographs (4574: (31-39)), along with a group of similar photographs in the National Archives, seem to establish a consistent pattern in the location and structure of agency school facilities. In general, the schools were small frame buildings, apparently widely scattered over the agencies, each with a small frame house for the teaching couple and family. (31) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground, group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their little girl ?), and Indian police. (32) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their child) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (33) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) and Indian Police in front of frame school (?) house. White man on right appears to be identical with the first man on left in S. I. Negative 43,563, Sioux delegation to Washington, 1888. (34) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (35) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground a group of students with teacher(s). (36) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) with group of students and teacher in the foreground. The teacher is the same as in 4574:(36), as are many of the pupils. (37) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teachers (and their child) with group of students in front of frame school building. (See 4574: (38) for identity as school.) (38) Dakota: Agency unidentified School building (and teachers' dwelling ?) with man, woman, and child (same ones as in 4574: (37) above) in front, and two Indian men at side. 2 duplicate prints.
Catalog Number 4574: (39) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teacher's dwelling-schoolhouse complex with one or two scattered cabins in the foreground. Follows what appears to be the typical pattern of small, widely scattered schools. (40) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame building. Function ? Odd door on back and man standing in doorway suggest this might be an exterior view of 4574: (41). (41) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Pine Ridge (?) or Rosebud (?) Slaughter house (?), interior view, with three men, one an Indian. One man looks like Col. H. D. Gallagher, Pine Ridge Agent. But the print was among a group of views mainly from Rosebud Agency. (42) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Large group of uniformed Indian Police on horseback in front of frame buildings. Agency might be: 1. Standing Rock ? Man front row, left looks like Red Tomahawk. 2. Pine Ridge ? But the men aren't posed in same area of agency where other PR Police pictures were taken. Also the men in this picture have more uniform uniforms than are shown in PR pictures. (See Original Prints, "temporary" Number 29, and Catalog Number 4544: (59, 60).) 3. Rosebud ? (43) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Indian Police, same uniform, same agency, same building, as 4574: (42). Also additional evidence for identifying Agency as Standing Rock: compare officers to those in BAE Negative Number 3711-e. See Negative Number 45,793. (44) Dakota Badlands scenery. "In general it seems to resemble the badlands of southwestern South Dakota not far distant from Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations."--Information from John C. Ewers, 4/5/60.
Biographical / Historical:
Pohrt states, "I believe they were taken about 1890. Some are identified and many are not, but I have reason to believe that the majority were taken on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations in South Dakota. They are of school children, Indian Police, Agency buildings, etc." See correspondence in Smithsonian Institution-Bureau of American Ethnology files.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4574
Local Note:
Filed: Original Prints: Carlisle Indian School; Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Agencies  Search this
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4574, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4574
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d018cb80-1871-4a77-abaf-7a2601ccfe2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4574

Book of ledger drawings

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Bear's Heart (Nock-ko-ist/James Bear's Heart/Nah-koh-hist), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1851-1882; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
Bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple, Non-Indian, 1822-1901  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Object Name:
Book of ledger drawings
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil
Techniques:
Drawn, bound
Dimensions:
20.7 x 16.5 x 16.4 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1876
Catalog Number:
20/6231
Barcode:
206231.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a6410cca-4623-4d58-8a1a-9e5c09596a4b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220313

General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
General Benjamin Henry Grierson, Non-Indian, 1826-1911  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
General Grierson meeting the Kiowas on the Sweetwater, 1871
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6232
Barcode:
206232.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws687d74dcc-e41f-413c-ab4c-fc86640c533c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220314
Online Media:

Kiowa Soldier Dance

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Kiowa Soldier Dance
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6233
Barcode:
206233.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e06c8329-91b3-4851-a3e1-f8c74d89cd2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220315
Online Media:

Navajoes

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6234
Barcode:
206234.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bfa1a015-e494-4106-803d-a10e44b3918c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220316
Online Media:

Ledger drawing

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6235
Barcode:
206235.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws607ee7118-3e2e-4430-bca8-4f55877b6950
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220317
Online Media:

Navajoes/Railroad Train

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Navajoes/Railroad Train
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6236
Barcode:
206236.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67b4b1f42-392b-497e-bc3d-7ce55318ef60
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220318
Online Media:

Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Mexican Traders/Lighthouse Anastasia Island
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6237
Barcode:
206237.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws608707fa0-5b44-4fa3-a06b-453b46deea6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220319
Online Media:

Boating St. Augustine/Osage War Dance

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Boating St. Augustine/Osage War Dance
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6238
Barcode:
206238.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68160f6f3-f7dd-4a5b-85e9-046f0b7dbad5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220320
Online Media:

Kiowas

Culture/People:
Kiowa  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Zotom (Biter/Zo-tom/Paul Caryl Zotom), Kiowa, 1853-1913; annotated by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Commissioner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
Previous owner:
Colonel Richard Henry Pratt, Non-Indian, 1840-1924  Search this
General William Tecumseh Sherman, Non-Indian, 1820-1891  Search this
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Possible owner:
P. Tecumseh Sherman (Philemon Tecumseh Sherman), Non-Indian, 1867-1941  Search this
Donor:
Eleanor Sherman Fitch, Non-Indian, 1876-1959  Search this
Title:
Kiowas
Object Name:
Ledger drawing
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, colored pencil, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Dimensions:
26.3 x 19.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos); Saint Augustine; Saint Johns County; Florida; USA
Date created:
1875-1878
Catalog Number:
20/6239
Barcode:
206239.000
See related items:
Kiowa
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6542ca079-fb2d-4131-a2ee-abd099dc1cb1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220321
Online Media:

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