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Barbara Blackmun Collection

Photographer:
Blackmun, Barbara Winston  Search this
Names:
Erediauwa, King of Benin, 1923-2016  Search this
Extent:
1,469 Color slides
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Ife (Nigeria)
Africa
Benin
Date:
circa 1969-1994
Summary:
The collection includes 1,469 color slides (35mm) which were taken in Nigeria from circa 1964-1994, and focus on ancestral altars; artists; art objects in museums, including bronze plaques and carved ivory tusks; ceremonies and festivals, including the Igue and Ewere Festivals, and the Emobo, Otue, Olokun, title-taking, and Blackmun's initation ceremonies; and people, including Oba Erediauwa and chiefs Eribo, Ero, Esogban, Ezomo, Ohanmu and Osaigeide; and street and landscape scenes in Benin City, Ife, Lagos, Ishiago, and Mbarri, Owerri, Owo, among other locations in Nigeria.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes 1,469 color slides (35mm) which were taken in circa 1969 to 1994, and focus on African art objects, prominent people, especially chiefs, festivals and ceremonies, and landscape and street scenes in Nigeria, including Benin City, Ife, Ishiago, Jeronimos, Lagos, Mbari, Oshagbe, Owerri, Owo, Oyo, and Udu.

Many of the images are of art objects in museums, particularly in the Jos Museum, the Owo Museum, the Benin Museum, the Lagos Museum, the Ife Palace Museum, and the University of Ife Museum. The objects include altar stands, armlets, bells, bowls, boxes, bracelets, figures, Oko (flutes), ivory gongs, Ikengobos, masks, motif drawings, pendants, plaques, regalia, salt cellars, staffs, stools, and carved ivory tusks.

People depicted include the Oba Erediauwa, and the chiefs Eribo, Ero, Esogban, Ezomo, Ohanmu and Osaigeide. The collection also documents ceremonies and festivals, including the Igue and Ewere Festivals, and the Emobo, Otue, and Olokun ceremonies as well as Ineh Isienmwenro's title-taking, and Blackmun's initation.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Museum Objects (747 slides), 1979-1994

Series 2: Ceremonies (227 slides), circa 1969-1994

Series 3: People (354 slides), circa 1969-1994

Series 4: Landscape and Street Scenes (141 slides), circa 1969-1994
Biographical / Historical:
African art historian Barbara Winston Blackmun (1928-) is a specialist in Nigerian antiquities, particularly Nok terracottas, the bronzes of Ile Ife, and the bronzes and ivories of the Kingdom of Benin in Nigeria. She earned her BFA at UCLA (1949), MA at Arizona State University (1971), and Doctor of Philosophy in Art History at UCLA (1984).

Over her career, Blackmun's research has included fieldwork in Malawi (1964-1969) and research of Ife antiquities with Frank Willett (1978-79) and various collections on Benin antiquities in the U.K., U.S., Europe, and Africa (1980-present). Recipient of a Fulbright (1981-1982) and a National Endowment for the Humanities grant (1994), she conducted field work at the Oba's court in Benin City, Nigeria. Additionally, she has published numerous exhibition catalogs and articles in journals such as African Arts.

Blackmun taught art history at the Malawi Polytechnic College, Blantyre, (1965—1969), San Diego Mesa College (at which she is Professor Emeritus) (1971—2010), University of California, San Diego (1987, 2008, 2004), and UCLA (1987, 2000), among other places. She also curated and acted as a curatorial consultant of African art collections at numerous institutions, including Mesa College, the San Diego Museum of Art (2010), Chicago Field Museum (1990—1993), Chicago Art Institute (1994, 2006—2008), Detroit Institute of Art (2002—2010), Museum fuer Voelkerkunde, Vienna (2003—2008), and the Ethnologisches Museum, Berlin (2003—2008).

Her committee work includes serving as National Program Director for the African American Institute, Malawi (1968—1969), a member of the Education Council, Contemporary Arts Committee, San Diego Museum of Art (1975—1978), a board member of the San Diego Mesa College Foundation (1983-) and the African and African-American Studies Research Center, University of California, San Diego, and Chair of the African Arts Council, San Diego Museum of Art.
Provenance:
Donated by Monica Blackmun Visona, 2016.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details. Items 1234-1256 restricted. Available to view onsite only.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Altars  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Citation:
Barbara Blackmun Collection, EEPA 2016-012, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2016-012
See more items in:
Barbara Blackmun Collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f41661a7-24f4-48b4-bf6c-86f882c772cb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2016-012
Online Media:

French Officers and Soldiers Group Portrait

Extent:
1 Photographic print (albumen., b&w, 10 x 16 cm.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Africa
Date:
ca. 1890
Scope and Contents:
Two men seated next to two cannons, foreground, and six soldiers standing, background, Grand Popo, Benin, between 1877-1895. Accompanying inscription reads, "Mr. Paettet agent of Fabre Grand Popi French Officer & soldiers." Photographer unknown.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Photographic prints
See more items in:
West African photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b93fb747-3eb4-47d4-9f42-803c99836413
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1995-017-ref510

Three Men Portrait

Extent:
1 Photographic print (albumen., b&w, 11 x 14 cm.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Africa
Date:
ca. 1890
Scope and Contents:
Three European men seated around a table, Lutte Popo, Benin, between 1877-1895. Accompanying inscription reads, "Mr. Catalupe, agent of Fabre Lutte Popo & Clerks." Photographer unknown.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Photographic prints
See more items in:
West African photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo739e41a2a-4e4a-44ca-b66a-1fb35cf1e8d7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1995-017-ref606

Works of art in situ

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Vessels wherein dwells the spirit of Dan shown at the entrance of the village. This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JAN 72.
Local Numbers:
A-1

I 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art in situ -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Works of art in situ  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo76dbacdfa-fcd6-4046-98d6-3e4019a39f86
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref509

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Older Dansi (members of the cult outside the temple). This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL 73.
Local Numbers:
A-2

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7063f579e-dea2-4ca4-b6fb-7900618c0dfa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref510

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Villagers assisting in the graduation exercises. This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL 73.
Local Numbers:
A-3

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b359c5e0-11ee-47ff-8096-0ab64432826d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref511

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Initiates would place their hands in the corn paste and then hold their hands over the flames of the fire This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-4

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7ee856a2a-807a-4ae1-8075-249a34dbddf8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref512

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Initiates would place their hands in the corn paste and then hold their hands over the flames of the fire This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-5

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7fda93708-97df-4406-8757-d3b5f0736321
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref513

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-6

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo72fadf68b-1ee6-4368-bda4-ea7ec399b1db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref514

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-7

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7412a1a9a-c1be-44a8-b9be-e27067366c7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref515

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-8

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b80ed11f-2f65-40fd-af71-532254a5dad1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref516

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Vessels wherein dwells the spirit of Dan shown at the entrance of the village. This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-9

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7979fc02a-50df-4107-ac04-3483ff2ff787
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref517

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-10

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70a54a025-fdfb-4ec4-8bc2-18b2c87cad54
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref518

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-11

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b66a6272-8534-422c-918c-fbb84d92a8cb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref519

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
This is the graduation exercises of the cult of Dan, the god of continuity. Ceremony photographed in 1972-73 in the village of Ketonou, in old Dahomey. There are approximately 50 negatives in both black and white and in color of this ritual. The date on the slide is JUL73 .
Local Numbers:
A-12

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo726fcfd6b-ba75-4c6c-a9e4-1ef88380d8b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref520

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
The ritual of the Celestial Church of Christ. Celebrated prior to Christmas i.e., the 23 and 24 of december on the beaches of Dahomey december 1973. It was a 3-5 day ceremony with participants coming from various parts of the West African Coast, i.e., Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, and Ghana. The rhythm was African, the animation was African but the symbols were European. It ended with a baptism in the sea. The date on the slide is JAN72 .
Local Numbers:
B-1

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7cab3fa36-367b-4e45-9011-fa08c558a093
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref521

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
The ritual of the Celestial Church of Christ. Celebrated prior to Christmas i.e., the 23 and 24 of december on the beaches of Dahomey december 1973. It was a 3-5 day ceremony with participants coming from various parts of the West African Coast, i.e., Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, and Ghana. The rhythm was African, the animation was African but the symbols were European. It ended with a baptism in the sea. The date on the slide is JAN72 .
Local Numbers:
B-2

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f5038530-974d-4d75-a976-88449115856d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref522

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
The ritual of the Celestial Church of Christ. Celebrated prior to Christmas i.e., the 23 and 24 of december on the beaches of Dahomey december 1973. It was a 3-5 day ceremony with participants coming from various parts of the West African Coast, i.e., Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, and Ghana. The rhythm was African, the animation was African but the symbols were European. It ended with a baptism in the sea. The date on the slide is JAN72 .
Local Numbers:
B-3

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7ade6cbc0-510f-44f9-800d-88fb276e617a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref523

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
The ritual of the Celestial Church of Christ. Celebrated prior to Christmas i.e., the 23 and 24 of december on the beaches of Dahomey december 1973. It was a 3-5 day ceremony with participants coming from various parts of the West African Coast, i.e., Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, and Ghana. The rhythm was African, the animation was African but the symbols were European. It ended with a baptism in the sea. The date on the slide is JAN72 .
Local Numbers:
B-4

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo73b9f23e3-85a7-429a-acb4-78d84ef5cc82
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref524

Rites and Ceremonies

Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Livingstone, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Edo (African people)  Search this
Fon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Africa
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
The ritual of the Celestial Church of Christ. Celebrated prior to Christmas i.e., the 23 and 24 of december on the beaches of Dahomey december 1973. It was a 3-5 day ceremony with participants coming from various parts of the West African Coast, i.e., Dahomey, Togo, Nigeria, and Ghana. The rhythm was African, the animation was African but the symbols were European. It ended with a baptism in the sea. The date on the slide is MAY 73.
Local Numbers:
B-5

G 2 FON IL 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Ritual and celebration -- Photographs  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ivan Livingstone Photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan Livingstone photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7a5a02cff-828e-45b4-9335-dc1ee0ba4291
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1996-004-ref525

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