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Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck papers

Creator:
Duveneck, Frank, 1848-1919  Search this
Names:
Couper, William, 1853-1942  Search this
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott, 1846-1888  Search this
Duveneck, Josephine W. (Josephine Whitney), 1891-1978  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Wessel, Bessie Hoover, 1889-1973  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
1851-1972
bulk 1851-1919
Summary:
The papers of painter and teacher Frank Duveneck and his wife and painter Elizabeth Boott Duveneck measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1851-1972, bulk 1851-1919. Aspects of the lives and work of the artists are documented in correspondence, creative writings, research notes, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, ephemera, sketches and sketchbooks, and vintage photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and teacher Frank Duveneck and his wife, painter Elizabeth Boott Duveneck measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1851-1972, bulk 1851-1919. Aspects of the lives and work of the artists are documented in correspondence, creative writings, research notes, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, ephemera, sketches and sketchbooks, and vintage photographs.

The limited amount of correspondence in this collection includes separate letters from Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Duveneck, primarily to family members, which describe studies and travel abroad, works in progress, exhibitions, and after their marriage, reports on family life. Frank Duveneck's correspondence also includes a letter from sculptor William Couper concerning the marble for a memorial to Elizabeth Boott Duveneck. There is also a folder of letters to and from Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Duvencek, the son and daughter-in-law of the artist couple, that include reminiscences about Frank Duveneck from former student Bessie Wessel and a letter to Francis Duveneck from Daniel Chester French requesting permission to make a bronze from the plaster cast of the Duveneck's effigy of Elizabeth at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Writings include Elizabeth Boott Duveneck's diary, a typescript of a speech attributed to Frank Duveneck, and research notes compiled by daughter-in-law Josephine Duveneck in preparation for her biography of her father-in-law.

Printed materials consist primarily of newspaper clippings and magazine articles on Frank Duveneck, but also include his Munich Royal Academy card and copy certificate from the Ministry of Florence, Italy. Newspaper clippings may also be found in the Scrapbook series, including Elizabeth Boott Duveneck's scrapbook of exhibition reviews of her paintings, and two folders of clippings pertaining to Frank Duveneck compiled by Josephine Duveneck. Frank Duveneck's scrapbook contains printed illustrations compiled by the artist while he was studying art in Munich.

Sketchbooks and sketches consist of four sketchbooks by Elizabeth Boott Duvenck and three by Frank Duveneck that document their growth as artists as they span several decades (particularly in the case of Elizabeth) of their respective careers. There are also two folders of loose, mostly early, portrait sketches by Elizabeth Boott Duveneck.

Vintage photographs depict Frank Duveneck alone, with family and friends, Elizabeth Boott Duveneck, Francis Boott with his daughter, John Twachtman, art classes including one of Wilhelm von Diez's classes in Munich, and a group photograph of the jury of the 1915 Panama-Pacific exposition. There is only one photograph that includes both Frank and Elizabeth Duveneck together along with her father Francis Boott and nurse Ann Shenston.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1856-1971 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, circa 1873-1970 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1871-1972 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1871-1962 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 5: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1857-1886 (Box 1; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1851-1970 (Boxes 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Painter, etcher, and one of the most influential American art instructors of the nineteenth century, Frank Duveneck was born Frank Decker to German immigrants Bernard and Katherine Decker on October 9, 1848 in Covington, Kentucky. He acquired the name Duveneck from his stepfather after his father's death and mother's remarriage. Family and friends recognized his artistic talents early on and he was apprenticed to local German artisans who decorated churches through most of the 1860s. In 1870 he traveled to Munich to study at the prestigious Konigliche Akademie (Royal Academy), where he was quickly promoted to life classes and the painting class of Wilhelm von Diez. He quickly earned a reputation as the leading American artist in the Academy. Duveneck was only 24 in 1872 when painted one of his most well-known paintings, Whistling Boy.

Due to dwindling funds and a cholera epidemic in Europe, Duveneck returned to the United States in 1873 and began teaching at the Ohio Mechanics Institute in Cincinnati the following year, where John H. Twachtman was among his students. An 1875 exhibition of his paintings at the Boston Art Club met with critical and public acclaim. He also attracted the attention of William Morris Hunt, novelist Henry James, and his future wife, Elizabeth Boott, who was one among those who deeply admired his work, although the pair were not to meet for another three years. After his return to Munich later that year, he became part of a tightly knit group of other American artists including Frank Currier, William Merritt Chase, and Walter Shirlaw. All four artists exhibited their work in the United States in such venues as the National Academy of Design's annual exhibition of 1877, and the first exhibition of the Society of American Artists in 1878, which may have contributed to the increased popularity of the Royal Academy in Munich as a destination for young American artists. As enrollment rose, classes became overcrowded and Duveneck began teaching in Munich. A group of younger students, including John Alexander, and John H. Twachtman, who had followed the artist from Cincinnati to Munich, became known as the "Duveneck Boys." He also had acquired a private female student, Elizabeth Boott, who had traveled to Munich to study with him.

The painter Elizabeth Boott, known primarily as "Lizzie," was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on April 13, 1846 and was raised by her widowed father, the prominent Bostonian Francis Boott. The pair moved to Florence, Italy, when Lizzie was just a year old, after the death of her mother and brother from tuberculosis. Similar to Duveneck, Lizzie Boott's talent for drawing was recognized and encouraged at an early age. Early drawings preserved by her father consist of portraits of their well-known Anglo-American friends including Robert Browning, Nathanial Hawthorne, and Henry Higginson, founder of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. The Bootts briefly returned to Boston in 1865, at which time Lizzie met the novelist Henry James, who became a close life-long friend of both her and her father. Through James, she learned of the artist William Morris Hunt, and entered his class in Boston for women artists. She established close friendships with several of the women whom she met through Hunt's class, and they traveled together through Italy and Spain, took classes with the French artist Thomas Couture, and studied at the Académie Julian in Paris. They also made up the group of female students that formed a class of women artists taught by Duveneck, whom Lizzie had persuaded to teach in Florence in 1879. Duveneck, along with a band of "Duveneck Boys" embarked upon a two year stay in Florence and Venice.

During this period in Italy, Duveneck experimented with with hard ground etchings, creating Venetian scenes similar to those produced by James McNeil Whistler. His painting changed as he focused more on landscapes executed in a ligher, more highly keyed palette, perhaps influenced by Lizzie Boott, who painted vibrant watercolor Italian landscapes during this period and with whom he began an extended courtship in 1880. Although Francis Boott admired Duveneck's work and had acquired one his portraits during the artist's successful 1875 exhibition at the Boston Arts Club, neither he nor family friends approved of the bohemian artist as a husband for his accomplished patrician daughter. However the pair eventually married in March 1886, and had a son, Francis Boott Duveneck that December. Tragically, Lizzie Boott died of pneumonia on March 22, 1888. Although he was not a sculptor, one of Duvenecks' most admired works is the effigy that he created with the help of sculptor Clement J. Barnhorn, for his wife's tomb in Florence, casts of which may be viewed at the Museum of Fine Arts and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

After his wife's death Duveneck returned to America, spending most of his time in his Cincinnati studio and teaching painting classes at the Cincinnati Art Museum. At the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, two galleries at the San Francisco Palace of Fine Arts, were allotted to Duveneck for a retrospective of his work. The jury awarded him a gold medal of honor to commemorate his contributions to American Art. Frank Duveneck died in Cincinnati on January 3, 1919.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming. Reel 792 includes a group of eighty-four pencil sketches and caricatures of his students by Frank Duveneck and four black and white photographic reproductions of works of art. Reel 1097 contains correspondence, 1845-1919, of Duveneck and his wife, Elizabeth Boott Duveneck. Included are two letters from Duveneck to Theodore Wores and seven letters from Julius Rolshoven. Other correspondents include John W. Beatty, William Couper, Daniel Chester French, Mrs. Walter Shirlaw, and Thad Welch. Many of the letters from Elizabeth Boott were written from Europe, including 11 to William Morris Hunt's painting class (1876-1880), and a lengthy account of her travels written to her father (1881). Reel 1151 contains exhibition catalogs that were donated to the Archives of American Art with the Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck papers. While this material was transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum and National Gallery Library in 1976, all other materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The papers of Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck were donated by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Duveneck, the son and daughter-in-law of Frank and Elizabeth Duveneck in 1974 with additional material lent for microfilming. In 1974, the Cincinnati Historical Society donated photocopies of original letters that were microfilmed and discarded. A portrait photograph of Frank Duveneck was donated in 1985 by Freda Schutze.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Germany  Search this
Art teachers -- Germany  Search this
Topic:
Munich school of painting -- Influence  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck papers, 1851-1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.duvefran
See more items in:
Frank Duveneck and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9824896e3-6521-4091-9d8b-87cf698c8302
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-duvefran
Online Media:

Frank Duveneck papers

Creator:
Duveneck, Frank, 1848-1919  Search this
Names:
Beatty, John W. (John Wesley), 1851-1924  Search this
Couper, William, 1853-1942  Search this
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott, 1846-1888  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Hunt, William Morris, 1824-1879  Search this
Rolshoven, Julius, 1858-1930  Search this
Shirlaw, Florence M.  Search this
Welch, Thaddeus, 1844-1919  Search this
Wores, Theodore, 1858-1939  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on a partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1845-1919
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, 1845-1919, of Duveneck and his wife, Elizabeth Boott Duveneck. Included are two letters from Duveneck to Theodore Wores and 7 letters from Julius Rolshoven. Other correspondents include John W. Beatty, William Couper, Daniel Chester French, Mrs. Walter Shirlaw, and Thad Welch. Many of the letters from Elizabeth Boott were written from Europe, including 11 to William Morris Hunt's painting class (1876-1880), and a lengthy account of her travels written to her father (1881).
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and teacher; Munich, Germany and Cincinnati, Ohio. Married his student, Elizabeth Boott, 1886. Following her death in 1888, Duveneck returned to the United States to teach at the Cincinnati Art Academy.
Provenance:
Donated 1974 by Cincinnati Historical Society; photocopies discarded after microfilming.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Munich school of painting  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.duvefrap
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9155c909a-c241-42e5-9893-e3dd90185dbd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-duvefrap

William James papers

Creator:
James, William, 1882-1961  Search this
Names:
De Glehn, Jane Erin Emmet, 1873-1961  Search this
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott, 1846-1888  Search this
James, Alexander, 1890-1946  Search this
James, Catherine Barber, 1782-1859  Search this
James, Henry, 1843-1916  Search this
James, Marcia Ames, 1797-1886  Search this
James, William, 1771-1837  Search this
James, William, 1797-1868  Search this
James, William, 1842-1910  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Warner, Langdon (1881-1955)  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1883-1957
Scope and Contents:
Letters, 1887-1935, a scrapbook, 1925-1951, clippings, art works, and photographs, 1883-1957.
REEL 3828: A photograph by Dr. Charles Putnam of James sitting on his father's (psychologist William James) lap, ca. 1886.
REEL 4392: Twelve letters, from James to his brother Henry and his parents, 1887-1935, and a letter from Abbott Handerson Thayer regarding a pair of boots James ordered, 1904; a scrapbook containing clippings, 1925-1951, an exhibition catalog, 1929, and photographs of James, his brother Alec (Alexander Robertson), and his works of art; 4 clippings, undated and 1950; 2 self-portrait sketches, a portrait sketch of a woman, and a drawing of James by Jane deGlehn; photographs of James, his family, including one of an obscured pose by his uncle Henry James, his friends, including Langdon Warner, 1883-1957, and Elizabeth Boott Duveneck; photographs of portrait paintings of James' ancestors, including Catherine Barber James, Marcia Ames James, William James of Albany, and Reverend William James; and 23 photographs of James' works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter, instructor; Cambridge, Mass. Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Son of psychologist William James (1842-1910), brother of portrait painter Alexander Robertson James, and nephew of novelist Henry James. Pupil of Benson and Tarbell and teacher at Boston Museum of Fine Arts School, 1913-1926.
Provenance:
Donated 1986 and 1987 by William James III, the son of William James, except for the photograph on reel 3828, which was lent for microfilming.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Portrait painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.jamewill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9697dcb04-ac2b-42da-9cc2-9a21e7a05a34
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jamewill

Lady Bloodgood, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Subject:
Bloodgood  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1876
Topic:
Portrait female--Profile  Search this
Control number:
IAP 73200007
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_166004

Villa Castellani Bellosquardo, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Museum of Women in the Arts 1250 New York Avenue, NW Washington District of Columbia 20816
Date:
1886
Topic:
Architecture--Domestic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63570010
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_125998

Dock Scene, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Architecture exterior--Commercial--Dock  Search this
Architecture--Boat--Sailing Ship  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61250044
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_80701

Blossoms, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cincinnati Art Museum Eden Park Cincinnati Ohio 45202-1596 Accession Number: 1904.200
Topic:
Still Life--Flower  Search this
Control number:
IAP 40800270
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_51813

White Bull, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cincinnati Art Museum Eden Park Cincinnati Ohio 45202-1596 Accession Number: 1915.262
Topic:
Animal--Cattle  Search this
Control number:
IAP 40800279
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_51822

Flower Arbutus Tree (Castel Fusano), (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Oil on panel
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Mount Holyoke College Art Museum South Hadley Massachusetts 01075 Accession Number: 1992.7
Date:
Nov. 16, 1877
Topic:
Landscape--Tree--Arbutus Tree  Search this
Landscape--Italy  Search this
Control number:
IAP 60500196
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_459722

Snowballs, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Triton Museum 1505 Warburton Avenue Santa Clara California 95050
Date:
1887
Topic:
Still Life--Flower--Snowball  Search this
Control number:
IAP 04750006
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_34199

Via Raggio, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1877
Topic:
Landscape--Italy  Search this
Cityscape--Italy  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090535
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159241

Newport, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Jan. 1882
Topic:
Landscape--Rhode Island--Newport  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090539
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159245

Baby's Day, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1887
Topic:
Figure group--Family  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090548
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159254

Villa Wall, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1885
Topic:
Architecture--Domestic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090521
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159227

Vallambrosa, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Aug. 1887
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Cityscape--Italy  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090526
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159232

Florentine Street, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Cityscape--Italy--Florence  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090527
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159233

Floral Still Life, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1886
Topic:
Still Life--Flower  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090531
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159237

Landscape, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Triton Museum Santa Clara California 95050
Date:
1884
Topic:
Landscape  Search this
Animal  Search this
Control number:
IAP 72090556
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_159262

Newport, January 1882, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Museum of Women in the Arts 1250 New York Avenue, NW Washington District of Columbia 20816
Date:
Jan. 1882
Topic:
Landscape--Season--Winter  Search this
Cityscape--Rhode Island--Newport  Search this
Landscape--Rhode Island--Newport  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63570004
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_125992

Head of an Italian Woman, (painting)

Painter:
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott 1846-1888  Search this
Subject:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Italian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cincinnati Art Museum Eden Park Cincinnati Ohio 45202-1596 Accession Number: 1915.248
Topic:
Portrait female--Head  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 40800274
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_51817

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