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Selected art related papers from the Simon Gratz Collection

Collector:
Gratz, Simon  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Delaplaine, Joseph, 1777-1824  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Humphreys, Joshua, 1751-1838  Search this
Otis, Bass, 1784-1861  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Extent:
3 Reels (ca. 500 items (on 3 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
[ca. 1770-1921]
Scope and Contents:
Selected letters, sketches, writings, clippings and printed material collected by Simon Gratz, primarily from the "Painters, sculptors, and engravers" section (ca. 400 items) of the Cultural life, arts and sciences autograph series. Other sections filmed include Benjamin West correspondence; Charles Thomson correspondence; Joshua Humphreys letters; and one or more letters from the following categories: American miscellaneous, European painters and sculptors, Chaplains colonial wars and revolution, Roman Catholic prelates, British Authors, British literary misc., European explorers and antiquaries, American poets, Univ. presidents, American scientists, American authors, American prose, American literary misc., U.S. Senators, and others.
The Painters, sculptors, and engravers section contains ca. 400 items, primarily letters, of prominent eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth century American artists, such as Albert Bierstadt, William Merritt Chase, Thomas Cole, John Singleton Copley, Asher B. Durand, Charles Willson Peale, John Singer Sargent, Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Sully, John Trumbull, and others. Many of the letters are addressed to Albert Rosenthal. Also included are sketches, writings, clippings, and printed material pertaining to the artists. The Benjamin West papers, 1877-1819, (reel P23, fr. 1-85) include letters to West, letters from and about West, and cards, a certificate, and engraving of him.
The Charles Thomson papers (reels P21, fr. 800-813 and P22, fr. 1-7) include material relating to craftsmen in New York and Philadelphia, 1784-1787; correspondence with Joseph Delaplaine, 1816-1817, concerning Delaplaine's having a portrait of Thomson painted by Bass Otis; a letter to Thomson from G.P. Norris, Jr., Jan. 26, 1819, referring to Trumbull's painting of the signing of the Declaration of Independence; and bills from cabinetmaker Alexander Anderson. The Humphreys' letters are from Charles Willson Peale, Mar. 4, 1795, and William Rush, Apr. 30, 1795.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1955 by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 17th-18th centuries -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.gratsimo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93c343bb8-5467-4d6e-8577-f7ed1493be9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gratsimo

National Academy of Design records

Creator:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Lanyon, Ellen  Search this
Ranger, Henry Ward, 1858-1916  Search this
Extent:
92.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Date:
1817-2012
Summary:
The records of New York City's National Academy of Design measure 92.7 linear feet and date from 1817-2012. The records pertain to all three constituents of the tripartite organization consisting of the Academy, a membership body of artists founded in 1825; the school, founded at the same time to promote arts education; and the exhibition program, inaugurated in 1826. Extensive administrative records include minutes, committee files, director files, annual reports, constitutions, and correspondence and subject files of council officers. Exhibition records, also substantive, date to the Academy's first annual exhibition and include gallery and special exhibitions, as well as exhibitions at the Academy's museum, established in 1979. The collection also includes gifts and funding files, especially relating to endowments and prizes; membership records; National Academy Association records; Ranger Fund assignments; extensive files pertaining to the school's administration, courses of instruction, registrations, and attendance; twenty scrapbooks containing clippings and ephemera; Society of American Artists records; correspondence and ephemera from other organizations; transcripts from oral histories with Academy members; extensive photographic material documenting artists, members, the school, exhibitions, buildings, and artwork created by Academy members; artist files containing correspondence, writings, and sketches from those associated with the Academy; and assorted printed material and ephemera.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York City's National Academy of Design measure 92.7 linear feet and date from 1817-2012. The records pertain to all three constituents of the tripartite organization consisting of the Academy, a membership body of artists founded in 1825; the school, founded at the same time to promote arts education; and the exhibition program, inaugurated in 1826. Extensive administrative records include minutes, committee files, director files, annual reports, constitutions, and correspondence and subject files of council officers. Exhibition records, also substantive, date to the Academy's first annual exhibition and include gallery and special exhibitions, as well as exhibitions at the Academy's museum, established in 1979. The collection also includes gifts and funding files, especially relating to endowments and prizes; membership records; National Academy Association records; Ranger Fund assignments; extensive files pertaining to the school's administration, courses of instruction, registrations, and attendance; twenty scrapbooks containing clippings and ephemera; Society of American Artists records; correspondence and ephemera from other organizations; transcripts from oral histories with Academy members; extensive photographic material documenting artists, members, the school, exhibitions, buildings, and artwork created by Academy members; artist files containing correspondence, writings, and sketches from those associated with the Academy; and assorted printed material and ephemera.

The Academy minutes and committee files consist of official, original, and transcribed proceedings for the council, annual, business, and some committee meetings, as well as related correspondence, reports, financial documents, notes, drafts, and ballots pertaining to the Academy's administration and activities from its 1825 founding until 2006. As an organization actively engaged in the development of art and art education in the United States, the Academy minutes and committee files are a valuable resource on subjects and topics in the Academy's history; in particular, its founding, administration, school, and exhibition program.

Director files date from 1942-1990 and document the activities of four of the Academy's chief administrators, including Vernon Porter (1950-1966), Earl Tyler (1966-1967), Alice Melrose (1967-1977), and John H. Dobkin (1978-1990). Items include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, and printed material.

Annual reports, dating from 1828-2003, summarize the activities of the Academy over the course of a year, and may include presidents' reports, treasurers' reports, audits of financial operations by public accountants, and printed annual reports containing summaries from multiple council officers. Information pertains to the year's activities including finances, exhibitions, membership, the school, committee activities, awards, and other business.

Academy constitutions date from 1826-2012 and include the printed constitutions and by-laws as well as constitutional proposals. Constitutions and by-laws name the current council officials, professors, academicians, associates, and honorary members, and state the mission and guidelines for operation in regards to membership, officers, annual meetings, elections, school, exhibitions, and how the constitution can be amended or altered. Constitutional proposals contain amendment drafts, alterations, and related correspondence.

Council officer files, dating from 1848-1980, contain the correspondence and subjects files of Academy officers—presidents, vice presidents, corresponding secretaries, and treasurers—concerning all matters of Academy business and operations including membership, gifts and funds, the federal charter, exhibitions, juries, the school, scholarships, committee affairs, anniversaries, publicity, administrative matters, resignations, and relationships with other organizations.

General administrative files date from 1825-1982 and include ledgers, certificates, correspondence, and legal documents pertaining to the Academy's founding, building, financial accounts, art collection, and other administrative matters.

Exhibition files, dating from 1826-2003, document the Academy's long exhibition history and includes annual, gallery, special, and museum exhibitions. Files may include exhibition catalogs, photographs, press clippings, sales records, and correspondence related to jury selection, awards and prizes, and logistical planning. Files pertaining to the Academy's annual exhibitions comprise a bulk of the series. Held since 1826, the Annuals were organized and curated by Academy members, and considered to be an important and sweeping survey of contemporary American art.

Gifts and funding files date from 1860-2009 and include financial documents, ledgers, legal material, and correspondence concerning the bequests, endowments, donations, and other gifts that financed the operations of the Academy and school. A significant number of records pertain to the Abbey Trust Fund and the Archer M. Hunting Fund.

Membership files, 1826-2012, document Academy members, honorary members, fellows, and the nominations and elections whereby members were voted into the Academy. Materials include registers, certificates, nomination ledgers and proposals, candidate biographies, and ballots.

The National Academy Association files date from 1911-1959 and contain a constitution, plan, and agreement, as well as correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports for the Association, incorporated in 1912 with the aim to erect a building shared by several New York art societies. At the time of incorporation, the Association consisted of members from the National Academy of Design, American Water Color Society, American Institute of Architects, Architectural League of New York, New York Water Color Club, National Sculpture Society, Municipal Art Society, Society of Beaux-Arts Architects, Mural Painters, Society of Illustrators, and a number of city representatives and citizens.

The Ranger Fund assignment files, 1919-2008, document the distribution of artworks by living American artists to institutions throughout the United States, in accordance with the will of Henry Ward Ranger. The Ranger Fund was initiated to stimulate public interest in the work of contemporary American painters in 1919, when the Academy received a bequest from Henry Ward Ranger, totaling $400,000. Ranger stated in his will that the capital should be invested and the income used as a purchase fund to facilitate gifts of paintings by living American artists to arts institutions throughout the United States. Files document the assignment of particular works of art to institutions through the official agreement, related correspondence, and in some instances, photographs of the artwork.

Extensive school records, dating from 1826-2008, contain administrative files, enrollment records, course files, student affairs files, and printed material documenting all aspects of the school's activities aligned with the Academy's mission to educate aspiring professional artists. A bulk of this series consists of student course registrations, documented in registers, then on index cards beginning in the 1930s. While information collected varied over the decades, registrations document student names and the year, and may additionally include course name, instructor, and cost.

Twenty Academy scrapbooks document the organization's activities from 1828-1939 and include clippings and ephemera. Three of the scrapbooks are devoted to specific topics, including one for the Society of American Artists, one for both the Society of American Artists and the Society of American Fakirs, and one for the Academy's centennial exhibition.

The Society of American Artists files, 1878-1906, document the formation of the Society as a departure from the Academy in 1877, its independent operations and activities, and its eventual consolidation with the Academy in 1906. The Society's members have included Edwin Abbey, James Carroll Beckwith, Mary Cassatt, William Merritt Chase, Thomas Eakins, George Inness Jr., John La Farge, Albert Pinkham Ryder, among many others.

Files from other organizations date from 1817-1997 and may include correspondence, ledgers, and printed material. Many of these organizations had business with the Academy, and records pertain to events, meetings, and exhibitions. Notable organizations include the American Academy of Fine Arts, American Federation of Arts, American Watercolor Society, Art Students League, Fine Arts Federation of New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Etching Club, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and Salmagundi Club.

Oral history transcripts date from 2002-2007. Eight comprehensive interviews, conducted by Avis Berman for the Academy, are with Academy members and cover all aspects of the artists' lives, including family, early life, beginning career, mentors, contemporaries, influences, patrons, awards, residencies, as well as the artists' relationship with the Academy. The interview transcripts provide first-hand accounts of the organization, particularly from circa 1940 up to the time of the interview. Artists interviewed include Will Barnet, Hyman Bloom, Richard Haas, Ellen Lanyon, Jules Olitski, Bernard Olshan, Paul Resika, and Dorothea Rockburne.

Photographic material, dating from 1845-2010, includes a wide variety of formats and processes including 19th and 20th photographic prints, glass plate negatives, copy prints, contact sheets, slides, and 35mm negatives. Subjects include artists and others associated with the Academy, the school, exhibitions and events, Academy buildings, artwork, and reference photographs. Many 19th century photographs contain descriptive annotations. Supplementary inventories and guides prepared by Academy archivists are scattered throughout the series.

Artist files date from 1826-2004 and include the correspondence, writings, manuscripts, diaries, exhibition catalogs, and clippings of many notable artists involved with the Academy, including Asher B. Durand and Rembrandt Peale. Of particular note are two notebooks Durand gifted to the Academy, both containing notes and sketches from anatomy lectures.

While printed material is scattered throughout, the final series collects a small number of additional announcements, brochures, clippings, illustrations, and other ephemera not filed in other series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as nineteen series.

Series 1: Minutes and Committee Files, 1825-2006 (11.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-11, BV 100-106)

Series 2: Director Files, 1942-1990 (0.5 linear feet; Box 11)

Series 3: Annual Reports, 1828-2003, circa 2010 (2.1 linear feet; Boxes 11-13, OV 139-142)

Series 4: Constitutions, 1826-2012 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 13-14)

Series 5: Council Officers, 1848-1980 (4 linear feet; Boxes 14-18)

Series 6: General Administration, 1825-1982 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 18, 126)

Series 7: Exhibitions, 1826-2003, 2008 (14.4 linear feet; Boxes 18-33)

Series 8: Gifts and Funding, 1860-2009 (4.1 linear feet; Boxes 33-37)

Series 9: Membership, 1826-2012 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 37-39, 127-131)

Series 10: National Academy Association, 1911-1959 (0.4 linear feet; Box 39)

Series 11: Ranger Fund Assignments, 1919-2008 (4.3 linear feet; Boxes 39-44)

Series 12: School, 1826-2008 (28.5 linear feet; Boxes 44-56, 68-99)

Series 13: Scrapbooks, 1828-1939 (4 linear feet; Box 56, BV 107-125)

Series 14: Society of American Artists, 1878-1906 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 56-57)

Series 15: Other Organizations, 1817-1997 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 57-59, 131)

Series 16: Oral History Transcripts, 2002-2007 (0.7 linear feet; Box 59)

Series 17: Photographic Material, 1845-2010 (6.1 linear feet; Boxes 60-63, 131-138, OV 143-144)

Series 18: Artist Files, 1826-2004 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 63-66)

Series 19: Printed Material, 1839-1954 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 67, 131, OV 145)
Biographical / Historical:
The National Academy of Design (1825- ) based in New York City, is a tripartite organization consisting of a membership body of artists, a school, and an exhibition program. The Academy was founded in 1825 by a group of professional artists with the mission to promote the fine arts in America through exhibition and education. Originally named the New York Drawing Association, the Academy was the first organization in the United States established and managed by professional artists. Samuel F.B. Morse, the Academy's first president, was influenced by the organization of the Royal Academy in London, which was comprised of professional artist members and elected government council, an art school, and a venue for exhibitions. After unsuccessful negotiations to unite with the American Academy of Fine Arts, the New York Drawing Association reformed as the National Academy of The Arts of Design on January 19, 1826. Among the founders were mostly young artists who became prominent figures in American art, including Frederick S. Agate, Thomas Cole, Thomas S. Cummings, Asher B. Durand, John Frazee, Charles C. Ingham, Henry Inman, Gerlando Marsiglia, Samuel F. B. Morse, Samuel L. Waldo, and Charles Cushing Wright.

The first Academy members were elected in January 1826, and levels of membership were established shortly thereafter. Originally there were four levels of Academy membership: associates, academicians, artists, and honorary corresponding members. The category of artists was eliminated in 1829, and the honorary member category, established to recognize American artists living outside New York, distinguished foreign artists, and patrons and friends of the Academy, was eliminated in 1862 (the constitution was not amended with this change until 1896). Since 1869, the residency requirement for election to active membership was eliminated and membership was opened to all American artists. In 1920, the classification of honorary corresponding member was re-introduced to recognize representatives of other national academies. With the 1997 constitution, the honorary corresponding member classification was again eliminated, and in 1994 the associate category was eliminated.

Artists are proposed for membership by academicians through the membership committee and are elected for life by a sixty percent majority, based on recognized excellence and significant contributions to the field. Procedures and rules for nominating and choosing new academicians changed over the years, as detailed in the constitutions. Associates were at one time required to present a portrait of themselves upon election and academicians were required to provide an additional representative work upon election. With the elimination of the category of associate in 1994, only one representative work is currently required. These works of art become part of the Academy's permanent collection.

The original classes of professional artists were painting, sculpture, architecture, and engraving. These professional classes were modified over the years. In 1936 the engraving class was made more comprehensive, including all of the graphic arts. Watercolor was added as a class in 1943 and was codified in the 1945 constitution. However, the division into five distinct classes started to create difficulties in how specific works of art were to be categorized. In 1981 the council eased the rules regarding separate media classification so that members could submit a work in any medium to the annual exhibitions regardless of the class to which they had been elected. The constitution of 1994 restated four professional classes—painting, sculpture, graphics, and architecture—which were further reduced in the 2011 constitution to two: visual arts and architecture.

Until 2009, the governing body of the Academy was the council. The seven officers of the council were president, vice-president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, corresponding secretary, assistant corresponding secretary and recording secretary, all of whom were required to be academicians. In 2009, a new constitution provided for a board of governors, replacing the council. The five officers of the board of governors are chair, vice-chair, president, vice-president, and treasurer. Only the offices of president and vice-president are required to be held by academicians.

Central to the Academy's mission, the school began with an anatomy lecture for the New York Drawing Association, delivered by Dr. Frederick G. King in November 1825. The first drawing session took place in November 1826 in the Old Alms House at City Hall Park with two academicians and twenty students. In the school's early years, professional artists met with students to draw from plaster casts of antique sculpture in the academic tradition. Both lectures and studio training were central the school's early curricula. Life classes, the practice of drawing from live models, were introduced in 1837, but only to advanced male students. A life class for women was not instituted until 1857, even though women were allowed membership to the Academy since its beginning. Due to financial difficulties at the Academy, the school was forced to move locations and shut down its operations for extended periods. Mounting dissatisfaction and frustration led several students and Lemuel E. Wilmarth, one of the school's leaders and first full-time professional instructor, to leave the Academy in 1875 and form a new school, the Art Students League. While charging tuition was unpopular, the Academy realized that it was necessary to ensure the school's sustainability, and implemented fee structures with varying success over the second half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th. Eventually, tuition was established by 1951, when the school was reopened at a new location, 5th Avenue and 89th Street.

Exhibitions have always been an important activity for the Academy, even prior to the opening of the National Academy Museum in 1979. Since 1826, the Academy has held annual exhibitions intended to reflect contemporary art currents in America. Any American artist was eligible to submit work to be reviewed by a jury of selection, comprised of academicians. Throughout the 19th century, the annual exhibitions at the Academy were one of the most significant and influential in the country. The selection process for these exhibitions was a critical topic, at times actively discussed in the press, and continually undergoing modification and change. In addition to the Annuals, the galleries of the Academy were often rented or loaned to outside organizations such as the American Watercolor Society, Audubon Artists, and the National Association of Women Artists. The galleries also mounted special exhibitions curated by its members and hosted a certain number of travelling exhibitions organized by other museums or art organizations. The museum, opened in 1979, hosted and presented major exhibitions, many focusing on historic European subjects.

Official Names of the Academy 1825-2017

1825 -- The New York Drawing Association

1826 -- The National Academy of The Arts of Design

1828 -- The National Academy of Design

1997 -- The National Academy Museum and School of Fine Art

2017 -- The National Academy of Design

National Academy of Design Meeting, Exhibition, and School Locations

1826 -- Old Alms House at City Hall Park in lower Manhattan

1827-1830 -- Chambers Street over the Arcade Baths

1831-1840 -- Corner of Nassau and Beckman Streets, the Mercantile Library on the third floor of Clinton Hall

1841 to 1849 -- 346 Broadway (at Leonard Street), the third and fourth floors of the New York Society Library

1850-1854 -- 663 Broadway, where the Academy erected a suite of six galleries

1855-1856 -- 548 Broadway (over Dr. Chapin's Church)

1857 -- 663 Broadway

1858-1861 -- 10th Street and 4th Avenue, the upper floor of a building

1861-1863 -- 625 Broadway, the Institute of Art

1865-1899 -- 23rd Street and Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue South)

1899-1940 -- 109th Street and Amsterdam Avenue; exhibition galleries at 215 West 57th Street

1940-2017 -- 1083 Fifth Avenue at East 89th Street
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated by the National Academy of Design in 2018. The trustees' ledger book in series 6 was donated in 1979 by Warder Cadbury of the Adirondack Museum; it is unclear how Cadbury acquired the ledger. Microfilm reels 798-799 containing transcriptions of minutes were given to the Archives by Lois Fink in 1974.
Restrictions:
This bulk of this collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Arts organizations -- New York (State)
Art Schools -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Citation:
National Academy of Design records, 1817-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.natiacad
See more items in:
National Academy of Design records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9790a36d2-0f17-4470-b1e2-0292dba3dd20
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-natiacad
Online Media:

Hiram Powers papers

Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875  Search this
Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808  Search this
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Fuller, Charles Francis  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872  Search this
Healy, G.P.A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845  Search this
Kinney, E. Clementine  Search this
Kinney, William  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins, 1801-1882  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peabody, George, 1795-1869  Search this
Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904  Search this
Powers, Preston, 1842 or 1843-1904  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trollope, Francis  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Date:
1819-1953
bulk 1835-1883
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Of note is Powers' "Studio Memorandum," from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional papers include scattered biographical material, financial and legal records, printed materials, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his artwork, methodology, and his interaction with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and his numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Other papers include scattered biographical material, writings by Powers and others, financial and legal records, news clippings and printed items, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.

Biographical material consists of documents for honors conferred on Powers, price lists and inventories of his artwork, papers regarding his death, including a translation of his will, and ephemera, such as his studio cap.

The bulk of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with family, friends, business associates, and others, documenting his career as an artist and his personal life after he and his family moved to Florence, Italy, in 1837. Almost all of the letters have typed unconfirmed transcriptions completed by volunteers at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Besides details of his studio work and business dealings, his letters often discuss his views on aesthetics, American politics, slavery and the Civil War, and Spiritualism. Notable correspondence is with William B. Astor, Edward Everett, Samuel York Atlee, William and E. Clementine Kinney, George P. Marsh, George Peabody, Presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, William Cullen Bryant, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John C. Calhoun, Thomas Crawford, John A. Dix, Asher Durand, Charles Francis Fuller, Henry Peters Gray, Horace Greeley, George P. A. Healy, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Samuel F. B. Morse, W. W. Story, John Sartain, Frances Trollope, and Daniel Webster.

Writings by Powers include his "Studio Memorandum," a journal-type notebook he kept from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional writings include poetry and autobiographical essays and instructions for handling his sculptures. Writings by others include poetry, most of which was written in praise of Powers' artwork. Of note are handwritten transcripts of poems by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Bayard Taylor, and John Quincy Adams. Also found here are short writings about Powers and his artwork.

Scattered financial and legal records in this collection include patent documents for tools invented by Powers, legal agreements, account statements, and bills and receipts. Printed material consists of news clippings, two booklets, an art association brochure, and an exhibition catalog for works by Powers.

This collection contains photographs of Hiram Powers, his family, friends, notable public figures, and artwork. Many of the photographs were taken by his son, Longworth Powers, who had a private photography studio in Florence. Included are portraits of Powers and his family, as well as a collection of 267 carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of artists, performers, politicians, writers, scientists, and other public figures, many of whom were friends with the Powers family. Other photographs depict Woodstock, Vermont, the marble quarry at Carrara, Italy, and artwork by Hiram and Preston Powers. Also found here is a photograph album kept by Louisa Powers.

Artwork consists of three drawings by Hiram Powers, including a caricature of Miner Kellogg. Also found in this collection is a scrapbook containing news clippings regarding the American tour of the sculpture Greek Slave, an autograph album belonging to Louisa Powers, and an album containing pencil drawings by Preston Powers and dried flowers collected on travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1927 (Box 1, 15; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1819-1883 (Box 1-10; 9.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1827-1887 (Box 10; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, circa 1840s-1892, 1915 (Box 10, OV 17; 8 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1845-1953 (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1860s-1900, 1927, 1932, early 1950s (Box 10-13, 16, OV 17; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1860, mid-1800s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbooks and Albums, 1847-1876 (Box 14; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave.

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno. In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy. Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.
Related Material:
Additional Hiram Powers papers are available at the Winterthur Museum.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel D117 contains "The Sculpture of Hiram Powers," by Paul B. Metzler. Reels 815-818 includes a "Collection of Letters from Old Residents of Cincinnati to Hiram Powers," compiled by Clara Louise Dentler. Reels 1102-1103 are comprised of an unpublished manuscript entitled "White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor," by Clara Louise Dentler. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Hiram Powers papers were purchased by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1967 from Christina Seeber, great-granddaughter of Hiram Powers which was subsequenlty transferred to the Archives of American Art in 1984. The Cincinnati Historical Society and Ohio State University also lent the Archives omaterials for microfilming in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.powehira
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90ad32f84-2619-4144-9600-0e9de7d6372d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-powehira
Online Media:

Albert Duveen art reference files

Creator:
Duveen, Albert  Search this
Names:
Centurion (Firm)  Search this
Holland House Corporation of the Netherlands  Search this
Alexander, Francis, 1800-1880  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Bartlett, W. H. (William Henry), 1809-1854  Search this
Ben-Zion  Search this
Birch, Thomas, 1779-1851  Search this
Blackburn, Joseph, fl. 1753-1763  Search this
Blakelock, Ralph Albert, 1847-1919  Search this
Blauvelt, Charles F., 1824-1900  Search this
Blume, Peter, 1906-1992  Search this
Branchard, Emile Pierre, 1881-1938  Search this
Browere, A. D. O. (Alburtis Dell Orient), 1814-1887  Search this
Brown, John George, 1831-1913  Search this
Buddington, Jonathan  Search this
Buttersworth, James Edward, 1817-1894  Search this
Carter, Dennis Malone, 1827-1881  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Chabor, Moura  Search this
Chagall, Marc, 1887-1985  Search this
Chambers, Thomas, b. 1807 or 8  Search this
Charlot, Jean, 1898-1979  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Constable, John, 1776-1837  Search this
Cope, George, 1855-1929  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Crawford, Ralston, 1906-1978  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen), 1862-1928  Search this
Despiau, Charles, 1874-1946  Search this
Detre, Roland, 1903-  Search this
Dibble, Thomas R. (Thomas Reilly), 1898-  Search this
Donati, Enrico, 1909-2008  Search this
Doriani, William, 1891-  Search this
Doughty, Thomas, 1793-1856  Search this
Drew-Bear, Jessie, 1877?-1962  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Durrie, George Henry, 1820-1863  Search this
Duveneck, Frank, 1848-1919  Search this
Duyckinck, Evert A. (Evert Augustus), 1816-1878  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Eichholtz, Jacob, 1776-1842  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring, 1812-1868  Search this
Field, Robert, 1769?-1819  Search this
Ganso, Emil, 1895-1941  Search this
Gargallo, Pablo, 1881-1934  Search this
Gelb, Jan, 1906-1978  Search this
Gillman, Paul  Search this
Gullager, Christian  Search this
Hall, George Henry, 1825-1913  Search this
Harding, Chester, 1792-1866  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Harvey, George W., 1855-  Search this
Hays, William Jacob, 1830-1875  Search this
Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Henry, Edward Lamson, 1841-1919  Search this
Hesselius, John, 1728-1778  Search this
Hicks, Edward, 1780-1849  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Hudson, Samuel Adams, 1813-1894  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Jarvis, John Wesley, 1780-1840  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
Johnston, Henrietta  Search this
Johnston, John Bernard, 1847-1886  Search this
Kayn, Hilde B., 1903-1950  Search this
Kelekian, Dikran, 1868-1951  Search this
Lane, Fitz Hugh, 1804-1865  Search this
Lawson, Ernest, 1873-1939  Search this
Lefferts, M. F.  Search this
Leigh, William Robinson, 1866-1955  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Malbone, Edward Greene, 1777-1807  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry, 1868-1932  Search this
Maurer, Louis, 1832-1932  Search this
Miller, Alfred Jacob, 1810-1874  Search this
Moeller, Louis, 1855-1930  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Organ, Donald  Search this
Otis, Bass, 1784-1861  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Penn, William, 1644-1718  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood), 1831-1915  Search this
Philippoteaux, Fʹelix Emmanuel Henri, 1815-1884  Search this
Polk, Charles Peale, 1767-1822  Search this
Pope, T. B. (Thomas Benjamin), d. 1891  Search this
Porter, Rufus, 1792-1884  Search this
Prior, William Matthew, 1806-1873  Search this
Quirt, Walter, 1902-  Search this
Ranney, William Tylee, 1813-1857  Search this
Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909  Search this
Robins, Louisa Winslow, 1898-1962  Search this
Roesen, Severin, ca. 1815-ca. 1872  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick, 1812-1895  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926  Search this
Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de, 1770-1852  Search this
Savage, Edward, 1761-1817  Search this
Sawitzky, William, 1880-1947  Search this
Schattenstein, Nikol, 1877-1954  Search this
Schussele, Christian, 1826?-1879  Search this
Serres, D.  Search this
Sharples, James, ca. 1751-1811  Search this
Shulman, Morris  Search this
Smibert, John, 1688-1751  Search this
Soudeikine, Serge  Search this
Soutine, Chaim, 1893-1943  Search this
Spencer, Frederick R., 1806-1875  Search this
Stewart, Albert T., 1900-1965  Search this
Street, Robert, 1796-1865  Search this
Strong, William J.  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sullivan, Charles, 1794-1867  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Tait, Arthur Fitzwilliam, 1819-1905  Search this
Tirrell, G.  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Vanderlyn, John, 1775-1852  Search this
Vanderlyn, Pieter, ca. 1687-1778  Search this
Von Schlegell, William, 1877-1950  Search this
Waldo, Samuel, 1783-1861  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799  Search this
Weinberg, Elbert, 1928-  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Welch, Thomas B., 1814-1874  Search this
Wertmüller, Adolph Ulric, 1751-1811  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Whitney, Anne, 1821-1915  Search this
Wiltz, Arnold, 1889-1937  Search this
Winner, W. E. (William E), -1883  Search this
Wood, S.  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman, 1823-1903  Search this
Extent:
5 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
[ca. 1831-1950]
Scope and Contents:
Files on ca. 150 American artists and art subjects, selected from Duveen's art reference files. Included are photographs of paintings in other collections, auction and exhibition catalogs, miscellaneous publications.
Files include: Francis Alexander, Washington Allston, William H. Bartlett, Ben-Zion, Thomas Birch, Joseph Blackburn, Ralph A. Blakelock, Charles F. Blauvelt, Peter Blume, Emile Branchard, Albertis D. O. Browere, John G. Brown, Jonathan Buddington, James E. Buttersworth, Carra, Dennis M. Carter, Mary Cassatt, George Catlin, Centurion, Paul Cezanne, Moura Chabor, Marc Chagall, T. Chambers, Jean Charlot, Thomas Cole, John Constable, George Cope, John S. Copley, Ralston Crawford, Jasper F. Cropsey, Arthur B. Davies, Charles Despiau, Roland Detre, Thomas R. Dibble, Enrico Donati, William Doriani, Thomas Doughty, Jessie Drew-Bear, Robert S. Duncanson, Dunlap, Asher B. Durand, George H. Durrie, Frank Duveneck, Evert Duyckinck, Thomas Eakins, Jacob Eichholtz, Louis M. Eilshemius, Charles L. Elliott, Robert Field, Emil Ganso, Pablo Gargallo, Jan Gelb, Paul Gillman, Christian Gullager, George H. Hall, Chester Harding, William M. Harnett, George Harvey, William J. Hays, George P. A. Healy, Edward L. Henry, John Hesselius, Edward Hicks, Thomas Hicks, Holland House, Charles Fevret de Saint-Memin, Winslow Homer, S. A. Hudson, Daniel Huntington, Henry Inman, George Inness, John W, Jarvis, Eastman Johnson, Henrietta Johnston, John Johnston, Hilde B. Kayn, Dikran K. Kelekian, Fitz Hugh Lane, Ernest Lawson, M. F. Lefferts, William R. Leigh, Abraham Lincoln, George B. Luks, Edward G. Malbone, Alfred H. Maurer, Louis Maurer, McKay, Alfred J. Miller, Louis C. Moeller, Samuel F. B. Morse, John Neagle, Donald Organ, Bass Otis, Walter Pach, Charles W. Peale, James Peale, Rembrandt Peale, William Penn, Enoch W. Perry, F. E. H. Philippoteaux, Charles P. Polk, T. B. Pope, Rufus Porter, William M. Prior, Walter Quirt, William T. Ranney, Reinhardt, Frederic Remington, Louisa Robins, Severin Roesen, Thomas P. Rossiter, Peter F. Rothermel, Charles M. Russell, Edward Savage, William Sawitzky, Nikol Schattenstein, Christian Schussele, D. Serres, James Sharples, Morris Shulman, John Smibert, Sergei Soudeikin, Haim Soutine, Frederick R. Spencer, Albert Stewart, Robert Street, William J. Strong, Gilbert Stuart, C. (Charles ?) Sullivan, Thomas Sully, Arthur F. Tait, G. Tirrell, John Trumbull, John Vanderlyn, Pieter Vanderlyn, William Von Schlegell, Samuel L. Waldo, Abraham Walkowitz, George Washington, Elbert Weinberg, Julian A. Weir, Thomas B. Welch, Adolph U. Wertmuller, Benjamin West, Anne Whitney, Arnold Wiltz, William E. Winner, S. Wood, and Thomas W. Wood.
The Saint-Memin, Stuart, B. West and Wertmuller files contain material from Albert Rosenthal relating to the above artists.
Arrangement:
Files are arranged alphabetically by artist and subject, rolls NDU1-NDU3; publications and other miscellany were filmed on rolls NDU4-NDU5.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert Duveen was an art dealer and collector with offices in New York, N.Y., specializing in early American art. He was a cousin to Joseph Duveen (1869-1939), 1st Baron Duveen, president of Duveen Brothers art dealers.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1958 by Duveen.
Restrictions:
The Archives does not own the original papers. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.duvealbe2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98968d056-cbe2-4e51-b974-7ee4067bcbae
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-duvealbe2

Theodore Bolton papers

Creator:
Bolton, Theodore, b. 1889  Search this
Names:
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953  Search this
Rogers, Bruce, 1870-1957  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Extent:
5.1 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 5 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1958
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, typescripts of books, publications and clippings relating to Bolton's published and unpublished works on American art.
UNMICROFILMED: Included are drafts for AMERICAN BOOK ILLUSTRATORS (N.Y., 1938), EARLY AMERICAN PORTRAIT PAINTERS IN OILS, DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN ARTISTS, A WORKING BIBLIOGRAPHY...RELATING TO ART IN PENNSYLVANIA...NOTES FOR A REVISION (Philadelphia, 1948), a portion of Sinclair Hamilton's EARLY AMERICAN BOOK ILLUSTRATORS, 1670-1870 (Princeton, 1958), "A Brief History of the French Impressionists," "Annotated Bibliography of Early American Painters, Sculptors and Engravers to 1860," A Brief History of Colonial American Painting" (1942); 75 typewritten pages of a working bibliography of books, magazine articles and catalogs relating to art in Pennsylvania by Harold E. Dickson and Bolton, 1948; catalogs of works of several artists; notes on artists, Greek vases and architecture, the Dutch masters, the Museum of San Marco, painting technique, the French Impressionists, Early American Painting, and English historical painting. Also included are checklists of books illustrated by Howard Pyle, Katharine Pyle and Joseph Pennell; articles by R. P. Tolman and related correspondence; sketches and drawings by Bolton; and clippings and book reviews relating to Bolton.
REEL N140: A revised typescript, 1958, of AMERICAN BOOK ILLUSTRATORS.
REELS D9 & D10: A letter from book designer Bruce Rogers, annotated by Bolton, February 14, 1945 regarding Rogers' design of THE FEDERALIST PAPERS; 2 letters from Ruel Pardee Tolman, June 12, 1949 and May 19, 1953, regarding his own painting and miniatures and other paintings he is buying and studying; and 5 letters from illustrator Thornton Oakley, undated and March 10-April 19, 1946.
REELS 439-440: Copy of a photograph - probably from a book, of Winslow Homer (reel 439); and a photograph, ca. 1850, of (L to R.): Henry Kirke Brown, Henry Peters Gray and Asher Brown Durand and Emanuel Leutze, photographer unknown. [A similiar photo filmed on reel NY59-19, fr. 1-2, Mary Bartlett Cowdrey artists' files pictures William Kemble (non-artist) on Brown's right.]
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, scholar and librarian of the Century Association; New York, N.Y. Died 1973. He specialized in book illustration and portrait miniatures.
Provenance:
From 1956-1959, Bolton donated 3 feet of material to the Archives and 2 feet to the Library of the National Museum of American Art, which subsequently transferred it to the Archives, 1981. There is some duplication within the two groups of material.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters  Search this
Book illustrators  Search this
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Portrait painting -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bolttheo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90e4d26f9-6b53-4253-a67b-8d4370d374af
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bolttheo

Thomas Seir Cummings correspondence and printed material [microfilm]

Creator:
Cummings, Thomas Seir, 1804-1894  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Durand, John, 1822-1908  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William, 1806-1863  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring, 1812-1868  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François, 1816-1882  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Inman, Jane  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood), 1831-1915  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1826-1893
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, including a letterbook which contains some drafts of Cummings' own communications, and letters received; broadsides; and clippings.
Among the correspondents are many 19th century New York painters and National Academy of Design members, including Gorham D. Abbott, William Aspinwall, Anthony Barclay, Albert Bierstadt, Victoria Bellamy, Robert Bunch, Charles Butler, J. G.Chapman, Vincent Colyer, Mortimer De Motte, Asher B. and John Durand, F. W. Edmonds, Charles L. Elliott, Isaac Ferris, Hamilton Fish, Robert Fraser, William Gibbons, Régis Gignoux, R. K. Haight, Walter Harding, Daniel Huntington, Charles Ingham, Henry Inman and his widow Jane Inman (re proceeds from an Inman memorial exhibition organized by Cummings), William Kemble, Louis Lang, James Lenox, Edward Lester, Charles Leupp, John Lewis, Benson Lossing, James J. Mapes, James McMurtrie, John Morgan, George P. Morris, S. F. B. Morse, E.W. Perry, William H. Seward, D. Seymour, James Shegogue, John R. Smith, William Stillman, Russell Sturgis, Thomas Sully, Henry Tappan, Thomas Thorpe, T. B. Wakeman, Prosper Wetmore, and James Whitehorne.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Seir Cummings (1804-1894) was a miniature and portrait painter from New York, N.Y. One of the founders of the National Academy of Design.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1958 by the Century Association.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Miniature painters  Search this
Genre painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.cummthom
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d92a609d-2bb6-4c42-823d-69aaec8184e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cummthom

The Crayon

Creator:
Stillman, William James, 1828-1901  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Extent:
8 Volumes (29 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1851-1861
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1855)-
Ceased publication with vol. 8, no. 7 in July 1861
Biographical / Historical:
Published by Stillman and Durand, New York, THE CRAYON was a journal devoted to the graphic arts and pertinent literature.
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York : W.J. Stillman & J. Durand, Editors and proprietors,, 1851-1861.
General:
"A journal devoted to graphic arts, and the literature related tothem."
Title from caption.
Microfilm copy v. 8 consists of parts 1, 3-7 only.
Editors: 1855-1856, W.J. Stillman and John Durand.--1857-1861, John Durand.
Provenance:
The Archives of American Art purchased a positive microfilm copy of THE CRAYON, made from negative microfilm held by the University Libraries of Ohio State University, after permission was granted by the Library of Congress, holders of the original journals.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Graphic art -- Periodicals  Search this
Art, American -- Periodicals  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stiljame2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d80d23cc-c4c0-4e2e-8e32-557eb6ec30cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stiljame2

James Lawrence Claghorn papers

Creator:
Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884  Search this
Names:
Goupil & Cie  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872  Search this
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick, 1812-1895  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1849-1882
Scope and Contents:
Letters (1849-1856), business records (1849-1856), a visitors' register (1873-1885), and a scrapbook (ca. 1866-1885) concern the acquisition of paintings and prints for Claghorn's collection.
REEL 3580: 37 letters (1849-1882) to Claghorn regard his art collection and dealing activities and include letters from Goupil & Cie., J. Crumby, who served as a purchasing agent, Frederic Edwin Church, John Frederick Kensett, Hiram Powers, Thomas Buchanan Read, Peter F. Rothermel, and Thomas Worthington Whittredge.
REEL 4131: Visitors Register, March 18, 1873-Jan. 1885, containing names and addresses of those who viewed the Claghorn Collection; many artists, local art students and instructors, and foreign visitors are listed. Scrapbook, most likely compiled by Claghorn with posthumous entries added by family, contains mainly newspaper clippings concerning Claghorn, his collections, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, art activities in Philadelphia, and artists (particularly printmakers); also includes photograph of Seymour Haden, catalogs of the Claghorn Collection, admission tickets, reprints of lengthy articles about Claghorn and his collections, and a few letters to J. Raymond Claghorn [son of James L.] regarding the disposition of the collection and its sale to Thomas Harrison Garrett.
REEL 4152: 88 letters (1848-1864) from various agents in New York and Europe regard purchases of paintings, prints and sculpture by artists, including Asher B. Durand and Worthington Whittredge. Four letters regard paintings to be exhibited at the Great Sanitary Fair. Nine letters (1855-1864) from Thomas Buchanan Read regard his activities in England. Read's letters from Cincinnati discuss his poetry and commissions for his paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Collector and art patron; Philadelphia, Pa. Claghorn was an officer of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Philadelphia School of Design for Women. Best known for his print collection, he began by collecting paintings by American artists, ca. 1840. In 1877, he sold his painting collection in order to devote his efforts to his print collection. His private gallery in Philadelphia was open to visitors, and selections from the Claghorn Collection were exhibited in other cities. After his death, his print collection was purchased by Thomas Harrison Garrett, and thereafter was known as the Garrett Collection. After being on long-term loan to the Library of Congress between 1904 and 1930, the collection is now owned by the Baltimore Museum of Art.
Related Materials:
Also in the Archives on microfilm only are papers lent for microfilming by the Philadelphia Maritime Museum (reel 3581), including: letters and receipts addressed to Claghorn document the purchase and sale of American and European paintings and prints (1849-1856). There are also inventories of shipments. Letters frequently include titles and prices.
Provenance:
Materials on reel 3581 were borrowed for filming from Philadelphia Maritime Museum. Materials on reel 3580 were borrowed for filming from John W. Claghorn on July 16, 1985, and were later donated to the Archives of American Art by his descendant Frederic S. Claghorn along with additional letters appearing on reel 4152. Material on reel 4131 was donated by Mabel Claghorn Bulkeley, granddaughter of James L. Claghorn.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art museum attendance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.clagjame
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9df2290d3-d1a0-4a16-b9e3-04c0224957d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-clagjame

Thomas Cole papers

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Names:
Adams, William Althorpe, 1797-1878  Search this
Ainsley, Samuel James, 1806-1874  Search this
Alexander, Francis, 1800-1880  Search this
Allen, Theodore, fl. 1800-1850  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Ashton, Thomas B., fl. 1835-1850  Search this
Bennet, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Bloodgood, S. DeWitt (Simeon DeWitt), 1799-1866  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Carey, Edward L., 1806-1845  Search this
Childs, Cephas Grier, 1793-1871  Search this
Clark, Lewis Gaylord, 1808-1873  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir, 1804-1894  Search this
Dexter, Franklin, 1793-1857  Search this
Dunlap, William, 1766-1839  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Gilmor, Robert, 1774-1848  Search this
Greene, George Washington, 1811-1883  Search this
Ingham, Charles Cromwell, 1796-1863  Search this
Leslie, Charles Robert, 1794-1859  Search this
Mason, Jonathan, 1795-1884  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Morton, John Ludlow, 1792-1871  Search this
Pratt, Henry Cheever, 1803-1880  Search this
Reed, Luman, d. 1836  Search this
Ridner, John P.  Search this
Spencer, Mark  Search this
Sturges, Jonathan, 1802-1874  Search this
Town, Ithiel, 1784-1844  Search this
Townsend, Isaiah  Search this
Trego, Charles B., 1794-1874  Search this
Van Rensselaer, William P.  Search this
Ver Bryck, Cornelius, 1813-1844  Search this
Wadsworth, Daniel, 1771-1848  Search this
Ward, Samuel Gray  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
Wright, Ambrose  Search this
Extent:
7 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Sketchbooks
Date:
1821-1863
Scope and Contents:
Notebooks; sketchbooks; drawings; letters; manuscript poems; catalogs; paintbrushes.
REEL D40: ca. 575 drawings.
REEL D6: Letters, manuscript poems, catalogs and a sketchbook dated March 10, 1832.
REEL D39: 2 v. of notebooks; 1825, and 18 v. of sketchbooks, 1827-1847. Cole sketches mainly in New York State, The White Mountains, England, Italy, and Catskill, N.Y.
REELS ALC 1- ALC 4: Correspondence with Cole, including letters from friends, family, artists, and others; journals; notes; essays; lectures; poetry; clippings; and financial records.
Correspondents include: William Althorpe Adams, Samuel James Ainsley, Francis Alexander, Theodore Allen, Washington Allston, Thomas B. Ashton, Edwin T. Bennet, Simeon D. Bloodgood, William C. Bryant, Edward L. Carey, Cephas G. Childs, Lewis G. Clark, Thomas S. Cummings, Franklin Dexter, William Dunlap, Asher B. Durand, Robert Gilmor, George W. Greene, Charles C. Ingham, Charles R. Leslie, Jonathan Mason, Samuel F. B. Morse, John L. Morton, Henry C. Pratt, Luman Reed, John P. Ridner, Jonathan Sturges, Ithiel Town, Isaiah Townsend, Charles B. Trego, William P. Van Rensselaer, Cornelius Ver Bryck, Daniel Wadsworth, Samuel Ward, Robert W. Weir, Ambrose Wright, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Catskill, N.Y. Cole lived most of his life in New York City even though he studied abroad. He was elected member of National Academy in 1826.
Provenance:
Material on reels D6, D39, D40 lent for microfilming 1961 by the Detroit Institute of Art. Material on reels ALC 1-ALC 4 lent for microfilming 1964 by the New York State Library. Paintbrushes were discovered 1964 by S.J. Fishburne, Albany Institute restorer, in basement of Cole's house. He turned them over to the Institute's director, Janet MacFarlane, who donated them to AAA, 1965.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.colethom
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98017b23d-c268-4b6d-ad9f-38dcf04a1d6b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-colethom

Thomas Cole letters

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Names:
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Greene, George Washington, 1811-1883  Search this
Extent:
3 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[undated] and 1840-1842
Scope and Contents:
A letter to Asher B. Durand [frame 479] requesting a canvas; a letter to an unidentified person describing the view of Schroon Lake, which he had painted in 1838; and a letter to George W. Greene, American consul, Rome, in which Cole describes his arrival back in the U.S., his upcoming painting plans, and the American scenery (especially the Catskills); he disparages the public praise of Hiram Powers, reacts to criticism of Albert B. Thorwaldson, discusses Thomas P. Rossiter's troubles in Rome, and other topics.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y. Exponent of the Hudson River School.
Provenance:
Letters to Mr. Greene and unidentified donated by E.P. Richardson in memory of Mrs. Walter O. Briggs, Sr., 1955. He purchased them from Goodspeed's Bookshop. The letter to Durand donated by Charles Feinberg, ca. 1956.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.coletlet
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f4fdfc08-d4b7-4c80-9bbc-ba574dd420d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-coletlet

Asher Brown Durand papers

Creator:
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Names:
Carey & Lea  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Doughty, Thomas, 1793-1856  Search this
Jones, George T., b. 1818?  Search this
Maverick, Peter, 1780-1831  Search this
Pekenino, Michael  Search this
Reed, Luman, d. 1836  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
4 Reels (ca. 1000 items (on 4 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1812-1883
Scope and Contents:
Letters, diaries, printed matter and miscellany.
Reels N19-N21: General and family correspondence, a few testimonials, broadsides, diary pages, and miscellany. Correspondence relates to Durand's engraving business, painting commissions, tour of Europe in 1840-1841, cholera epidemic in New York, 1831-1832, his presidency of the National Academy of Design, 1848-1862, and family matters. Among the correspondents are Peter Maverick, Michael Pekenino, Carey & Lea, Luman Reed, Thomas Cole, and others.
Reel N25: Three letters to Durand, 1825-1835, one each from Thomas Sully, Thomas Doughty, and George Jones.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Albany, N.Y.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.duraashe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b9351d23-503c-4985-b38e-3d940b967d93
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-duraashe

Francis William Edmonds diaries

Creator:
Edmonds, Francis William, 1806-1863  Search this
Names:
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Extent:
2 Volumes ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1840-1855
Scope and Contents:
Frames 14-180: Travel diary kept by Edmonds on a trip to England, France and Italy, spanning the period November 25, 1840 to July 29, 1841, much of the time with Asher B. Durand. Edmonds, in his day-by-day account, details the sights seen, comments on the work of many artists, and briefly mentions other artists whom he visited or met.
Frames 181-366: Diary, January 1, 1854-January 6, 1855, composed of short daily entries noting the weather and events of the day. Particular entries mention work on his house and property, visits to and from friends, deaths, the cholera epidemic, railroad breakdowns, meetings connected with his banking interests, domestic problems, and other topics.
Provenance:
Photocopy of travel diary was lent for microfilming 1977 by Dr. Maybelle Mann, who used it for her book Francis William Edmonds (1977.) The diary was donated 1977 by Edmonds granddaughter, Dorothy Coffen.
Occupation:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.edmofran
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9452742d1-f973-4850-8ac6-659efcc4ab92
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-edmofran

Longacre family papers

Creator:
Longacre family  Search this
Names:
Bolton, Theodore, b. 1889  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Herring, James, 1794-1867  Search this
Longacre, Andrew, 1831-1906  Search this
Longacre, Augusta M.  Search this
Longacre, James Barton, 1794-1869  Search this
Longacre, Lydia E. (Lydia Eastwick), 1870-1951  Search this
Neagle, John, 1796-1865  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Extent:
9 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Sketchbooks
Place:
Egypt -- description and travel
Date:
[ca. 1810]-1952
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, biographical and genealogical information, poems, notes, diaries, artwork, sketchbooks, photographs, business papers and printed material relating to the Longacre family, especially James Barton Longacre and Andrew Longacre.
REEL P1-P2: Correspondence and papers of James Barton Longacre, 1819-1857, mostly concerned with his position as engraver of the U.S. Mint, Philadelphia, and his publication THE NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY OF DISTINGUISHED AMERICANS. Letters include correspondence with Asher B. Durand, James Herring, John Neagle, Thomas Sully and George Catlin. Additional material includes diaries, sketches and designs for coinage, a biography, autobiographical notes, and printed material.
REEL 986: Five sketchbooks, ca.1861-1894, of Reverend Andrew Longacre. Sketches depict landscapes, interiors, and monogram designs made in the United States, Europe, North Africa and the Near East. In addition there is a memoranda book kept by Longacre, ca. 1890.
REELS 1046-1048: Letters, including: correspondence between James and his wife; between James and Andrew during the Civil War; and Lydia Longacre's letters from Europe, 1899-1900; and letters from Theodore Bolton to Mrs. James M. Longacre about including James in his book, EARLY AMERICAN PORTRAIT DRAUGHTSMEN IN CRAYONS. Also included are biographical notes on James; an autobiography of Andrew; poetry and writings by James; accounts of a trip to Egypt by Andrew; financial documents relating to James; artwork; designs for coins and sketchbooks by James, Andrew and Lydia and material relating to an engraving of Charles Carroll by James.
REELS 1083 & 1050: Genealogical information on the Stiles and Longacre families; letters from Andrew to his father, James Barton Longacre, and his sister, Sallie, and other family members and friends; a copy of James Barton's 1825 diary; poems and compositions by Andrew; financial and business papers, 1898-1918; 28 photographs depicting portraits of James and Andrew, Lydia E. Longacre and her miniature paintings.
REEL 3091: Two engravings by James after paintings by Benjamin West and a letter from Augusta M. Longacre to Bolton regarding Bolton's biography of James.
Biographical / Historical:
Artists; Philadelphia and New York. James Barton Longacre was an engraver and portrait painter. Chief engraver at the U.S. Mint, Philadelphia, from 1844-1869. His engravings and portraits illustrate several books including THE NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY OF DISTINGUISHED AMERICANS, and BIOGRAPHY OF THE SIGNERS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. His son, Andrew Longacre was an engraver, watercolorist, and Methodist minister. His daughter, Lydia Longacre was a miniature painter, pupil of the Art Students League of New York, under Chase and Mowbray, and under Whistler in Paris.
Provenance:
Material on reels P1-P2 lent for microfilming by the Library Company of Philadelphia; Material on reel 986 lent 1975 by Fred Longacre; material on reels 1050 and 1083 lent 1975-1976 by Mrs. Andrew Longacre who also donated the material on reels 1046-1048 in 1982; material on reel 3091 donated 1981 by the NMAA-PG Library.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Stipple engravers  Search this
Miniature painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Engravers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Coin design -- United States  Search this
Engraving, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait prints, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.longlong
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9130a8ee5-ae6f-4edb-97fc-2595590921f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-longlong

Charles Roberts autograph collection

Collector:
Roberts, Charles  Search this
Names:
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Disney, Walt, 1901-1966  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Gay, Edward, 1837-1928  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Hurd, Peter, 1904-1984  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1773-1938
Scope and Contents:
Letters of American artists, including Washington Allston, Albert Bierstadt, Thomas Cole, Walt Disney, Asher Durand, Horatio Greenough, Winslow Homer, Peter Hurd, Henry Inman, Thomas Sully, John Trumbull, Benjamin West and many others, with an illustrated letter from Edward Gay and correspondence of the Peale family; a handwritten manuscript by Rembrandt Peale, "Washington and His Portraits"; clippings, announcements, an auction catalog of the John Trumbull collection, and other printed material.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming, 1955, by Haverford College Library.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art, American -- United States  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Autographs  Search this
Autographs -- Collections  Search this
Autographs -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.robechar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e712c01d-b1fe-4fbd-8f87-9199dbc3d8df
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-robechar

[Artists' portraits from Henry Tuckerman's Book of the Artists...], circa 1865]-1867

Creator:
Rockwood, George Gardner, 1832-1911  Search this
Names:
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-1888 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Elliott, Charles Loring, 1812-1868 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hart, James McDougal, 1828-1901 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William, 1816-1888 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Leutze, Emanuel, 1816-1868 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Rogers, John, 1829-1904 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Shattuck, Aaron Draper, 1832-1928 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Tuckerman, Henry T. (Henry Theodore), 1813-1871  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910 -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
24 Items (photographic prints, b&w, 17 1/2 x 13 1/2 cm., on sheet 30 1/2 x 24 cm. or smaller.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Portraits of artists taken by George Rockwood and Napoleon Sarony (Sarony Photographic Co.) for the large paper, extra-illustrated edition of Henry Tuckerman's, "American artist life : comprising biographical and critical sketches of American artists : preceded by an historical account of the rise and progress of art in America : with an appendix containing an account of notable pictures and private collections" (New York, G.P. Putnam & Son, 1867). Also included is a copy of Tuckerman's book (not the extra illustrated version.) Photographs include: Eugene Benson (original missing, copyprint only), Henry Kirke Brown (original missing, copyprint only), Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Cole, J. Francis Cropsey, Christopher Cranch, F.O.C. Darley, Asher Brown Durand, Charles Loring Elliott, Sanford Robinson Gifford, Henry Peters Gray, James M. Hart, Thomas Hicks (incorrectly identified as John Ehninger), Richard W. Hubbard, Henry Inman, George Inness (incorrectly identified as Albert Bierstadt), Eastman Johnson, John F. Kensett (original missing, copyprint only), Emanuel Leutze, Jervis McEntee (original missing, copyprint only), John Rogers, A.D. Shattuck, Thomas Sully (original missing, copyprint only), and Worthington Whittredge (original missing, copyprint only).
Provenance:
The copy of Tuckerman's book was donated in 1958 by Robert McIntyre. The photographs, along with the extra illustrated edition of Henry Tuckerman's, "Book of the Artists..." (1867) were donated in 1960 by McIntyre. The folio was one of the 25 copies produced, possibly acquired by McIntyre through auction of the library of S.K. Cleven of Iowa handled by Anderson Galleries in 1915. The photographs were removed from the folio prior to its transfer to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library. Photographer and provenance information (annotated) from Putnam's Monthly Advertiser is enclosed with the original folio housed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rockgeor
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw984f242bc-a790-4885-a3f5-86c22007e6a6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rockgeor

Albert Rosenthal papers

Creator:
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Names:
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Diederich, William Hunt, 1884-1953  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790  Search this
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 1841-1935  Search this
Houdon, Jean Antoine, 1741-1828  Search this
Palmer, Alexander Mitchell, 1872-1936  Search this
Peters, Harry Twyford, 1881-1948.  Search this
Rosenthal, Max, 1833-1918  Search this
Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799 -- Portraits  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1860-1940
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, printed material, and photographs relating to Rosenthal's work, primarily as a portrait painter and collector of American art and artists' papers. Some material pertains to Rosenthal's father, the engraver Max Rosenthal.
Included are: biographical notes and articles by and about Rosenthal and his father, Max; writings by Albert about his father; and reproductions of Albert's work.
Rosenthal's research material on early American art consists of articles on artists, notes about portrait painters, typescript copies of letters of or about early American artists, among them Rembrandt Peale, G.P.A. Healy, and John Rampage, several original letters, including 5 from John Quincy Adams Ward to various people, and one from Ben Silliman to Asher B. Durand, and an engraved copy of a letter from Ben Franklin to Mr. Strahan, July 5, 1775.
Other material includes files on Rosenthal's portraits of French officers who served in the American Revolution; Gilbert Stuart's (George) Washington portraits, 1922-1923; the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia (includes correspondence with Jules Mastbaum, the founder of the museum, and others, 1925-1932); Jean Antoine Houdon's busts of Washington and Lafayette, 1925-1932; Harry T. Peters' book "America on Stone", 1931; and on "Rosen-Thal," Albert's home that was originally the Huffinagle mansion in Buck's County, Pa.
There is voluminous business and other correspondence, 1860-1940, relating to Max, Louis, and Albert Rosenthal's work and to Albert's portraits of Supreme Court Justices. Among the diverse group of correspondents are: Samuel Putnam Avery, William Hunt Diederich, Charles Henry Hart, Sakakichi Hartmann, Oliver Wendell Holmes, A. Mitchell Palmer, Alfred Stieglitz, William Howard Taft, and J. Alden Weir.
Photographs are of Rosenthal's work and of unidentified portraits possibly by Rosenthal; reproductions of European paintings, miniatures, sculptures; and miscellaneous portraits by various artists.
Unmicrofilmed material (0.4 feet) consists of miscellaneous photographs and reproductions.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert Rosenthal (1863-1939) was a portrait painter, printmaker, writer, and collector in Philadelphia, Pa. Rosenthal was a student of his father, engraver Max Rosenthal, and later published a book about him. He is also known for his portraits of Supreme Court Justices, and his collection of American drawings, which he donated to the Free Library of Philadelphia in 1927.
Provenance:
Donated by Albert Duveen, 1959. Duveen collected American artists' and art related papers with the intention of forming an American artists reference facility. He purchased at least some of Rosenthal's papers and much correspondence from the Albert Rosenthal Estate, and subsequently gave them to AAA upon its formation.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Etchers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- United States  Search this
Judges -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rosealbp
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9076557bb-9258-4f99-b04b-85965f7b8d19
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosealbp

Thomas Cole to Asher Brown Durand.

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1847 May 05
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5256
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5256
Online Media:

John Bunyon Bristol, New York, N.Y. letter to Asher Brown Durand, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Bristol, John Bunyon, 1862-1909  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Bristol, John Bunyon, 1862-1909  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1880 December 13
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6821
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6821
Online Media:

Anson Dickinson, Albany, N.Y. letter to Asher Brown Durand, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Dickinson, Anson, 1779-1852  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Dickinson, Anson, 1779-1852  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1827 July 02
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6869
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6869
Online Media:

Thomas Doughty, Boston, Mass. letter to Asher Brown Durand, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Doughty, Thomas, 1793-1856  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Doughty, Thomas, 1793-1856  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1833 May 06
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6870
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6870
Online Media:

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