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Lockwood-Greene Records

Creator:
Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated  Search this
Lockwood-Greene Company  Search this
Whitman, David  Search this
Greene, Stephen  Search this
Lockwood, Amos  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (233 boxes, 850 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Linen tracings
Paper flimsies
Business records
Design drawings
Blueprints
Patents
Specifications
Reports
Photograph albums
Photographs
Trade literature
Date:
1784-2004, undated
bulk 1915-1930
Summary:
The engineering firm that became Lockwood Greene was founded by David Whitman, a mill engineer, in 1832. Amos D. Lockwood, a consultant, succeeded Whitman and entered a partnership with Stephen Greene in 1882. The firm specialized in industrial engineering and construction; they designed and built a wide variety of structures and work environments worldwide over the next century. Lockwood Greene was acquired by CH2M HILL in December, 2003. Before its acquisition by CH2MHILL it was reportedly the oldest industrial engineering, construction, and professional services firm in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Lockwood Greene records are a comprehensive range of documents related to the appraisal, building, construction, design, evaluation, and engineering of facilities for a variety of clients. The material covers the entire period of industrialization of the United States, and, provides a thorough record of the textile industry, both in New England and the South. Some of the textile mills are documented with unusual completeness, showing water and steam power layouts, factory village plans, and landscaping schedules. A broad range of other building typologies is also covered, including projects with public or retail functions, such as early automobile showrooms, hospitals, apartments and private dwellings, churches, and schools.

In-depth study of the company's earliest history is hampered by a scarcity of records, many of which were lost in the great fire that destroyed Boston's city center in 1872. Nevertheless, graphic and textual evidence does exist within the collection that illuminates these early projects, in addition to the fabric of surviving buildings. The Lockwood Greene records document several commissions that the firm would return to again and again over the course of many decades as clients requested plant additions, upgrades to mechanical and operating systems, and other substantive changes. Researchers are encouraged to examine the blueprints, elevations, and plans for these later additions in order to find illustrations of the firm's earlier interventions at the site. In addition to drawings, other visual evidence for nineteenth-century projects can be found in the company's extensive photo files, which often document structures for which drawings do not exist.

The Lockwood Greene records contain an abundance of graphic and textual evidence for structures designed after 1910 until the 1930s. After this period, visual documentation becomes much more limited. This is partially due to the evolution of drafting tools and information management technologies within the architecture and engineering profession. Lockwood Greene was an early adopter of technological innovations in rendering and data capture, beginning with the introduction of aperture cards and microfilm and extending to the adoption of computer-aided design (CAD) programs. These more modern formats were not part of the acquisition, and, at the time of writing, still reside with the company.

The Lockwood-Greene collection will be of interest to historians of architecture and engineering, as well as those that study the history of business and labor relations. It provides extensive textual and documentary evidence on the evolution and growth of American engineering and the increasing professionalization of the discipline through specialization during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Rich holdings of architectural drawings, photographs, and specifications provide unparalleled resources that trace the evolution of industrial buildings and their typologies; experimentation with building materials and systems, particularly with regards to fireproofing; and the history of textile manufacture in the United States. In addition, there is also rich visual and documentary evidence of the changing relationships between corporations and their employees through photographs, plans, and designs for company towns and mill villages, as well as through corporate records that illustrate the work culture of Lockwood Greene itself. The Lockwood-Greene collection will be of special interest to historic preservationists as the awareness of the significance of industrial and vernacular buildings continues to grow, and detailed design drawings and other visual material will be of especial value for restoration, rehabilitation, and adaptive-reuse projects.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1, Project Drawings, Renderings, and Plans, 1784-1969, undated

Series 2, Photographs and Slides, 1881-2001, undated

Subseries 2.1: Photo Albums, 1906-1934

Subseries 2.2: Photographic Files, 1881-1956

Subseries 2.3: Spartanburg Office Photographic File, 1948-1974

Subseries 2.4: Spartanburg Office Photographic File, 1919-1999

Subseries 2.5: Project Negatives and Transparencies, 1956-1970

Subseries 2.6: Project Slides and Transparencies, 1985-2001

Subseries 2.7: Project Slides and Transparencies, Culls, 1974-2001

Subseries 2.8: Project Slides and Transparencies, Corporate Photography, 1976-1998

Subseries 2.9: Photograph Album Covers, 1920, undated

Series 3: Job Files, 1872-1957, undated

Subseries 3.1, Specifications, 1913-1942, undated

Subseries 3.2: List of Drawings, 1872-1951, undated

Subseries 3.3: Project Files, 1919-1969, undated

Subseries 3.4: Reports, 1913-1969

Subseries 3.5: Job Cost Records, 1913-1957, undated

Series 4, Corporate Records and History, 1881-2004, undated

Subseries 4.1: Meeting Minutes, 1913-1995

Subseries 4.2: Corporate Files, 1891-2004, undated

Subseries 4.3: Historical Research and Reference Files and Photographs, 1881-1983, undated

Subseries 4.4: Corporate Publications, 1917-2001, undated

Series 5, Non-Lockwood Greene Publications, 1910-1984, undated

Series 6, Audio-Visual, 1964
Biographical / Historical:
Lockwood Greene, one of the nation's oldest engineering firms, traces it roots to 1832, when Rhode Island native David Whitman began a machinery repair service. Riding the wave of the early industrial revolution in textile manufacturing, Whitman added mill design services to his repertoire, which formed the backbone of a flourishing consulting business for the rest of the century. Whitman was one of the first itinerant mill engineers or "doctors" that traveled throughout New England advising various industrialists on the placement, design, and construction of their factories and the layout of the complicated system of machinery and shafting that they contained. His largest commission was the design of the Bates Manufacturing Company complex in Lewiston, Maine, which was incorporated in 1850 and soon became one of the largest textile producers in New England.

Upon Whitman's death in 1858, his unfinished work was assumed by Amos D. Lockwood, a prominent mill agent and astute businessman who had built a name for himself in Connecticut and Rhode Island. The successful completion of the projects at Lewiston brought enough additional demand for Lockwood's services to prompt him to relocate to Boston, where he formally opened an independent consulting office with partner John W. Danielson in 1871. For the next ten years, A.D. Lockwood & Company was involved in a least eight major mill design projects, half of which were for new construction. One of these projects, the design and construction of the Piedmont Manufacturing Company in Greenville (now Piedmont), South Carolina was especially significant and is considered to be a prototype for the Southern textile industry.

In 1882, Lockwood established a new business, Lockwood, Greene and Company, with Stephen Greene, a professionally-trained civil engineer who had joined the firm in 1879. As the firm grew, it expanded its scope as consultants supplying all of the necessary architectural and engineering services a prospective owner needed to initiate, equip, and run a complete plant. Acting as the owners' representative, the company supervised construction and installation but did not directly act as builders or contractors. Lockwood

Greene's objective expertise was legendary and made it a leader in this emergent field. As Samuel B. Lincoln explains in his history of the company:

"The new firm's knowledge and experience in the textile industry enabled it to analyze samples of cloth and, from such samples, to provide everything necessary for a completed plant to make such goods in any desired quantity. It did not at any time act as selling agents for machinery or equipment, neither did it accept commissions or rebates from suppliers: by this policy it maintained a position as impartial and independent engineer." (pages 105-107)

Greene became president of the company upon Lockwood's death in 1884. Under his leadership, the company expanded into additional industries and designed an array of other industrial building types that would prefigure the diversity of later work. In 1893, the company revolutionized American industry by designing and constructing the first factory whose operating power was provided entirely over electric wires from a remote power plant, rather than relying upon a water source or a stockpiled fuel supply. The Columbia Mills project created a great deal of publicity for the firm and was a signal to other manufacturers that there were viable alternatives to the use of steam power.

As changing economic conditions led Lockwood Greene to move away from its traditional reliance upon the textile manufacturing industry, it was very successful at soliciting projects for a wide variety of structures, from newspaper plants and automotive factories to convention halls and schools. After 1900, Lockwood Greene expanded its operations and opened branch offices in other cities, including Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Detroit, Atlanta, and Charlotte. In 1915, Edwin F. Greene, president and son of Stephen Greene, reorganized the firm as Lockwood, Greene & Company, Incorporated This new entity served as the parent company and controlled three subsidiaries: one to own and operate cotton mills that Greene had acquired; one to manage other companies' textile mills; and one to provide engineering services.

Lockwood Greene expanded its operations tremendously as the textile industry boomed under wartime demand and in the years following. The severe textile depression from 1923 to 1928 caused the collapse of this structure, however, as Lockwood Greene continued to suffer deep losses in the textile mills that it owned. The parent company was dissolved in 1928 and the engineering subsidiary, which had remained profitable, was salvaged as Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated.

After a rocky start with the onset of the Depression, the company began to prosper during the Second World War and its growth continued steadily throughout the next several decades. In the late 1960s, as a result of declining business, the company's headquarters was transferred from Boston to Spartanburg, South Carolina. In 1981, Phillipp Holtzman USA, a subsidiary of Phillipp Holtzman AG of Frankfurt, Germany, acquired a majority interest in Lockwood Greene. In 2003, CH2M Hill, a global provider of engineering, construction, and operations services based in Denver, Colorado, acquired the company.

From its beginnings under David Whitman, Lockwood Greene has become one of the most diversified engineering firms in the United States. The firm is best known as a designer of industrial and institutional buildings, but the company has become a leader in many additional areas in recent years. Lockwood Greene dominates the market in the design and production of the germ- and dust-free "clean room" facilities required by the pharmaceutical industry and micro-electronics manufacturers. The company has also developed expertise in designing integrated security and networking systems for industrial plants, international port facilities, and military installations worldwide.

Banham, Raynor. A Concrete Atlantis: U.S. Industrial Building and European Modern Architecture, 1900-1925. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986.

Biggs, Lindy. The Rational Factory: Architecture, Technology, and Work in America's Age of Mass Production. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Bradley, Betsy Hunter. The Works: The Industrial Architecture of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Greene, Benjamin Allen. Stephen Greene: Memories of His Life, with Addresses, Resolutions and Other Tributes of Affection. Chicago, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company, 1903.

Heiser, William J. Lockwood Greene, 1958-1968, Another Period in the History of an Engineering Business. Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated, 1970.

Lincoln, Samuel B. Lockwood Greene: The History of an Engineering Business, 1832-1958. Brattleboro, Vermont: The Stephen Greene Press, 1960.

Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated The Lockwood Greene Story: One-Hundred-Fifty Years of Engineering Progress. Spartanburg, South Carolina: Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated; undated.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Instituion Libraries

"[Trade catalogs from Lockwood, Greene & Co.]", Trade Literature at the American History Museum Books, Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Lockwood Greene, Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1997 (original drawings). An addendum to the collection was donated by CH2M HILL in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Architects  Search this
Architecture, Commercial  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Construction industry  Search this
Company towns  Search this
Textile mills  Search this
Mills  Search this
Manufacturing industries  Search this
Industrial engineering  Search this
Industrial buildings -- Design and construction  Search this
Industrial buildings  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Factories -- Power supply  Search this
Factories -- Design and construction  Search this
Factories  Search this
Cotton textile industry  Search this
Commercial buildings  Search this
Electric power production  Search this
Genre/Form:
Linen tracings
Paper flimsies
Business records
Design drawings
Blueprints
Patents
Specifications
Reports
Photograph albums
Photographs -- 21st century
Photographs -- 20th century
Trade literature
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Citation:
Lockwood Greene Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1113
See more items in:
Lockwood-Greene Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85090342a-0c7e-4667-8b37-fa0e8309b5ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1113
Online Media:

Signature Of Rain-in-the-Face

Culture/People:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Rain In The Face (Iromagaja/Ito-na-gaju/Ite-Mahazhu/I-Te-Amaghazhu/Exa-ma-gozua), Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), ca. 1835-1905  Search this
Title:
Signature Of Rain-in-the-Face
Object Name:
Autograph/Signature
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite
Techniques:
Framed
Dimensions:
13.5 x 18 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Standing Rock Reservation; Sioux County; North Dakota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1890-1900
Catalog Number:
1622
Barcode:
001622.000
See related items:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f126c4a0-376d-4084-9aad-ea02f9256e54
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_1052
Online Media:

Charles Richardson Pratt Papers

Creator:
Pratt, Charles Richardson, 1860-1935  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Names:
Sprague, Frank J.  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (13 boxes, 8 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Photographs
Notebooks
Letterpress books
Patents
Place:
Montclair (N.J.)
Date:
1860-1935
bulk 1910-1924
Summary:
The papers document the professional career of mechanical engineer, Charles Richardson Pratt. The papers include correspondence, patents, patent application materials, agreements, photographs, publications, and blueprints for many of Pratt's inventions, especially his work on elevators.
Scope and Contents:
These papers contain personal materials of Charles R. Pratt; letterpress copybooks; engineering notebooks; diaries; material relating to the development of the heavy-duty, high-rise electric elevator; material concerning elevator cable equalizers and safety devices, Morton-Jacobsen and other lathe chucks, lathe drives and the Pratt Driver, the hydraulic transmission of power in trucks, and ship steering gear; and studies reports, drawings, photographs, catalogs, and trade literature concerning mechanical engineering.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1875-1935

Series 2: Diaries, 1894, 1928-1931

Series 3: Correspondence, 1872-1920

Series 4: Notebooks, 1880, 1889, 1900

Series 5: Inventions, 1860-1927

Series 6: Photographs, 1890-1902

Series 7: Publications, 1895-1929

Series 8: Drawings, 1878-1929
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Richardson Pratt (1860-1935), was born in Massachusetts to John C. and Mary Anne Richardson. He graduated from the Hopkins School of Boston and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1879. Pratt worked at Whittier Machine Company of Boston (1882-1890) where he designed and built the first electric elevator in 1888. The elevator was installed in the Tremont House, Boston. Pratt also worked as an agent and later as a consulting engineer for the Otis Elevator Company, the inventors of the hydraulic elevator.

Pratt was best known for his development of the first electrically powered elevator. In 1892, inventor Frank Sprague (1857-1934) founded the Sprague Electric Elevator Company, and with Charles R. Pratt developed the Sprague-Pratt Electric Elevator. They demonstrated that electrically powered elevators were capable of competing with hydraulic elevators. Pratt held several engineering positions and worked for the Marine Engine Company of Newark, New Jersey (1902-1905) developing elevator systems; consulting engineer to the Universal Speed Control Company of New York City (1906-1919); consultant to the American Engineering Company of Philadelphia (1912); mechanical superintendent at the Crocker Wheel Company of Ampere, New Jersey (1919); engineer for the E. Horton and Sons Company of Connecticut (1920-1923); the General Tractors Corporation (1924-1927); and was associated with the Watson Elevator Company of New York City (1928-1930). Pratt patented many of his ideas, earning over thirty-five patents related mostly to elevators,

Pratt was a member of the Masons, the Sons of the American Revolution, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the MIT Club of New Jersey, and the Motor Club of London. He married Mary Byron Ladd and they had two children, Gertrude Ladd Pratt and Donald Richardson Pratt.
Provenance:
This collection was purchased from Charles R. Pratt's daughter, Gertrude Pratt Vance, in 1973.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mechanical engineering and engineers  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Elevators  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Patents -- 1890-1900  Search this
Power transmission  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Photographs -- 19th century
Notebooks
Letterpress books
Patents -- 1870-1880
Citation:
Charles Richardson Pratt Papers, 1860-1935, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0958
See more items in:
Charles Richardson Pratt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82afc1e29-876b-4494-9c92-64a14390613e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0958
Online Media:

Lackawaxen Canal Survey Profiles

Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Extent:
.5 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Profiles
Place:
Honesdale (Pa.)
Kingston (N.Y.)
Date:
1882-1889, 1986
Summary:
Collection contains survey profiles for the Lackawaxen canal area in Pennsylvania and New York during the 1880s.
Content Description:
Six (6) rolled sheets with continuous profile of Lackawaxen Canal from New York to Pennsylvania.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History William R. Hutton Papers (NMAH.AC.0987) Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards (NMAH.AC.1090)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Canals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings -- 1890-1900
Profiles
Citation:
Lackawaxen Canal Survey Profiles, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1546
See more items in:
Lackawaxen Canal Survey Profiles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ed2d55eb-c0f2-4fbe-b08a-1a150e65e708
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1546

James Forgie Papers

Creator:
Forgie, James  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Railroad.  Search this
Extent:
38.8 Cubic feet (85 boxes; 33 map-folders; 18 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Patents
Clippings
Business records
Correspondence
Contracts
Reports
Blueprints
Drawings
Legal documents
Place:
Hudson River
New York (N.Y.) -- Transportation
Date:
1856-1952
bulk 1900-1935
Scope and Contents:
The papers contain correspondence, reports, drawings, blueprints, cost estimates, contracts, specifications, regulations, legal documents, photographs, profiles, diagrams, clippings, and publications concerning projects which Forgie worked on, especially the Holland and Lincoln Tunnels, the Midtown Hudson Tunnels in New York City. Also included are publications and patents on subaqueous tunneling, subway stations, and bridges, and material on the Forgie submarine.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Professional Papers, 1892-1945

Series 2: Projects, 1914-1957

Series 3: Publications, 1856-1952

Series 4: Drawings, 1888-1951
Biographical / Historical:
James Forgie (1868-1958) was born in Longside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Forgie graduated from Gordon's Technical College, Aberdeen, Scotland (1881-1885) and apprenticed in the office of civil engineer George Gordon Jenkins from 1885-1889. Forgie came to the United States in 1902 to work as a chief assistant engineer to the Pennsylvania Railroad on tunnels in New York City. He joined the private engineering practice with partners Charles M. Jacobs and J.Vipond Davies of Jacobs and Davies, Inc. from 1909-1923. Forgie was awarded the Tedlford Gold Medal from the Institute of Civil Engineering (British) in 1915 in recognition of his paper "The Laxaxalpam Aqueduct Tunnels in Mexico." He authored numerous articles about tunneling and consulted as a an expert witness and arbitrator in many legal cases involving tunneling. Forgie was a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Institute of Civil Engineers of Canada, and New York Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Forgie married Martha Maitland Thom (1868-1936) in 1895. They had four children: Martha (b. 1900), Wilhelmina (b. 1902), James (b. 1904), and Christina (b. 1906). Forgie later married Anne McDougall (b. 1872) in 1937.
Related Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Materials at the Archives Center

The Foundation Company Records (AC0974)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Tunnels (AC0060)

Herbert S. Grassman Papers (AC0955)

Penn Station, New York Photographs (AC1048)

Lawrence Talma Smith Papers (AC0988)

Silas H. Woodward Papers (AC1038)

Alfred Maevis Collection (AC0954)

William R. Hutton Papers (AC0987)

Montgomery C. Meigs Papers (AC0984)

Henry Grattan Tyrrell and Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell Papers (AC0948)

Parsons, Brinckerhoff, Quade and Douglas Records Collection (AC0969)

Chicago Surface Lines Drawings (AC0212)

Grand Central Terminal Collection (AC1071)

Modjeski and Masters Company Records (AC0976)

Thomas Norrell Railroad Photographs Collection (AC1174)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry holds a model of a Ram for driving tunnel shields (1933). It was used in driving the Union Tunnel for the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1933-1934 by James Forgie. See accession #MC.329243.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. James Forgie, 1967.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tunnels  Search this
Subways -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Bridges -- 1890-1940  Search this
Civil engineering -- 1890-1940 -- U.S.  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Patents
Clippings -- 1890-1960
Business records
Correspondence
Contracts -- 1890-1940
Reports
Blueprints -- 20th century
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Drawings
Legal documents
Citation:
Archives Center, James Forgie Papers, 1890-1949, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0986
See more items in:
James Forgie Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80d529021-1c69-44d2-b02b-42b00b4d0ea0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0986
Online Media:

Ledger book with newspaper clippings

Collection Creator:
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
Container:
Box 1929B, Item 1
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Scope and Contents:
The ledger book from which the 22 drawings by Sitting Bull were removed. The book contains newspaper clippings about Sitting Bull, circa 1890-1900, and is inscribed inside the front cover: "For Gen. J. C. Smith, No. 250 West Van Buren St. Chicago Ill." and "Fort Randall, DT, April 14, 1882." The clippings were most likely added by General Smith.
Collection Citation:
MS 1929-b Sitting Bull pictographic autobiography and related material, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1929-b Sitting Bull pictographic autobiography and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw341310df2-b680-489e-9967-53cb372fdcd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1929b-ref24

Portrait of Mrs. L.P Brown

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Mrs. L. P. Brown, 1860 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
Pastel on paper
Dimensions:
50.8cm x 40.7cm (20" x 16"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Brooch  Search this
Mrs. L. P. Brown: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Palace of the Governors, New Mexico History Museum
Object number:
1004/45
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b340b468-9480-4c91-989e-9532c2f8b220
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1004_45

Franz Boas drawings of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) designs

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Extent:
3 Drawings (visual works) (graphite and crayon)
Container:
Box 87819 / 87824, Folder 2
Culture:
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings (visual works)
Works of art
Drawings
Place:
North America
Date:
circa 1895
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of three (3) drawings of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) designs made by Franz Boas for publication in his article "The Social Organization and the Secret Societies of the Kwakiutl Indians." "Dr. Franz Boas" is stamped on the back of one page.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Franz Boas (1858-1942) was a German-American anthropologist and pioneer of modern anthropological practice. He studied physics and geography at the universities at Heidelberg and Bonn before completing a doctoral program in physical geography at Kiel in 1881. After graduation, he joined an expedition of Baffin Island (1883-1884), which influenced his decision to him to focus on cultural tradition rather than biological and physical influences. In 1885, Boas emigrated to the United States, where he took an editorial position with the journal Science and started what would become his most famous ethnographic project, working among the Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw) Indians, in 1886. Boas spent three years teaching at Clark University in Massachusetts, then took an appointment at the Field Museum in Chicago in 1892. Boas then moved to New York, where he joined the American Museum of Natural History (1895-1905) and began teaching at Columbia University in 1896. For 37 years, Boas established himself as an academic and mentored numerous future influential anthropologists, including Margaret Mead, Alfred Kroeber, Edward Sapir, and Zora Neale Hurston. He also served as one of the founders of both the American Anthropological Association and the International Journal of American Linguistics.
Publication Note:
The drawings were reproduced in:

Boas, Franz. "The Social Organization and the Secret Societies of the Kwakiutl Indians," Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Instituion 1895. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1897. Figure 12 and Plate 40.
Provenance:
The drawings were found in the USNM collection; no catalog or accession numbers have been identified. The drawing was transferred from the object collections of the Department of Anthropology to the National Anthropological Archives in 1969.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
Franz Boas drawings of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) designs (MS 87824), National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS87824
See more items in:
Franz Boas drawings of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) designs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw301ffc57d-f3c9-4dbe-b3e4-533132b13805
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms87824
Online Media:

Fritz Rumpf Notebooks

Creator:
Rumpf, Friedrich Karl Georg, 1888-1949  Search this
Extent:
3 Notebooks (3 notebooks and loose notes. Notebooks are very worn and many pages are likely not in their original order. Notebook 3 is without covers)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notebooks
Place:
Japan
Berlin (Germany)
Date:
circa 1914-1930s
Scope and Contents:
Three undated notebooks by artist and educator Friedrich Karl Georg (Fritz) Rumpf (1888-1949). With multiple notes in German and Japanese, and drawings in pencil, ink and wash made during his travels and research in Japan. The notebooks also contain many loose paper scraps and letters, including a draft letter addressed to Felix Tikotin.
Arrangement:
Arranged by notebook, thereafter loose material.
Biographical / Historical:
Friedrich (Fritz) Karl Georg Rumpf the Younger was the son of the Potsdam painter Fritz Rumpf (1856-1927). He grew up in Potsdam and at 15 studied Japanese from a Japanese officer who attended the military school in Potsdam. After graduating from middle school, he studied at the Royal School of Arts in Berlin. He moved to Japan in 1908, where he studied woodblock printing under Igami Bonkotsu (1875-1933) and was active in the literary society "Pan no Kai." From 1910 he continued his studies in Berlin under the artist Emil Orlik. At the beginning of World War I he was sent to China as a military officer and was taken prisoner following the surrender of Qingdao to the Japanese in 1914. He was a prisoner of war in Oita and Narashino until 1920. In 1931 under Asian art historian Otto K├╝mmel, he produced a dissertation on the Ise monogatari woodblock print edition of 1608. Rumpf traveled extensively in Japan throughout his career. In 1927-1928 he accompanied the art collector Felix Tikotin (1893-1986) in Japan.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2015.22
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Citation:
Fritz Rumpf Notebooks, FSA A2015.22. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A2015.22
See more items in:
Fritz Rumpf Notebooks
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc30fc2205a-fb43-4923-b2f5-b426e6e55453
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2015-22
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Online Media:

Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey

Artist:
Edwin Austin Abbey, 1 Apr 1852 - 1 Aug 1911  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey, 1851 - 1931  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
35.1cm x 24.8cm (13 13/16" x 9 3/4"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Yale University Art Gallery
Object number:
1937.3573
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm437e2c594-681d-4516-a11a-d3dffe1b9bda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1937.3573

Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey

Artist:
Edwin Austin Abbey, 1 Apr 1852 - 1 Aug 1911  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey, 1851 - 1931  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and chalk on paper
Dimensions:
35cm x 25.1cm (13 3/4" x 9 7/8"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Mary Gertrude Mead Abbey: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Yale University Art Gallery
Object number:
1937.3574
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm485c40c53-8750-47e6-b0a3-1706200b1ac8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1937.3574

Unidentified Man

Artist:
George Charles Aid, 1872 - 1938  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on bristol board
Dimensions:
28.5 x 17.5cm (11 1/4 x 6 7/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Pipe  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
1959.49.245 CHNDM
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4554a3c5a-32ad-4663-8013-936686228b62
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1959.49.245_CHNDM

Inspiration

Artist:
Daniel Huntington, 14 Oct 1816 - 18 Apr 1906  Search this
Possibly:
Daniel Huntington, 14 Oct 1816 - 18 Apr 1906  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
18.2cm x 26.2cm (7 3/16" x 10 5/16"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Self-portrait  Search this
Daniel Huntington: Male  Search this
Daniel Huntington: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Daniel Huntington: Visual Arts\Artist\Portraitist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Bowdoin College
Object number:
1970.273
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d4b6463a-b2b9-4130-9cc7-649495037a64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1970.273

H. Wood Sullivan - "The Shaver"

Artist:
Jefferson David Chalfant, 1856 - 1931  Search this
Sitter:
H. Wood Sullivan, born mid 19th century  Search this
Medium:
Graphite on aged brown sulphured wove paper; verso blackened for transfer
Dimensions:
30.4cm x 25.4cm (11 15/16" x 10"), Estimate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Mirror  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drinking vessel\Cup  Search this
H. Wood Sullivan: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Gallery of Art
Object number:
1979.20.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46c8907cc-edbb-4bf3-a1a1-c36d7474c226
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1979.20.14

Peter Newell

Alternate Title:
Self-Portrait
Artist:
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell, 5 Mar 1862 - 15 Jan 1924  Search this
Sitter:
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell, 5 Mar 1862 - 15 Jan 1924  Search this
Medium:
Pen, black ink and watercolor
Dimensions:
12.4 x 8.7cm (4 7/8 x 3 7/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Self-portrait  Search this
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell: Male  Search this
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell: Literature\Writer  Search this
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell: Visual Arts\Artist\Cartoonist  Search this
Peter Sheaf Hersey Newell: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: de Young Museum
Object number:
1986.2.57 FAMSF (de Y)
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48780945d-de80-4071-90f1-3ebf3018e12d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1986.2.57_FAMSF__de_Y_

Portrait Sketch of a Seated Woman

Artist:
John Singer Sargent, 12 Jan 1856 - 15 Apr 1925  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on cream paper
Dimensions:
35.5 x 25.4 cm (14 x 10" ), Estimate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1890-1900
Topic:
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Gallery of Art
Object number:
2015.19.690
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm475f2e4bd-b97e-416d-baa7-17375678df4a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_2015.19.690

Adalbert John Volck

Artist:
Harper Pennington, 1854 - 1920  Search this
Sitter:
Adalbert John Volck, 14 Apr 1828 - 26 Mar 1912  Search this
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
17.8cm x 11.4cm (7" x 4 1/2"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Adalbert John Volck: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Adalbert John Volck: Male  Search this
Adalbert John Volck: Visual Arts\Artist\Cartoonist  Search this
Adalbert John Volck: Visual Arts\Artist\Caricaturist  Search this
Adalbert John Volck: Visual Arts\Artist\Illustrator  Search this
Adalbert John Volck: Medicine and Health\Dentist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Society
Object number:
22.16.1A
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm493b1b690-c5eb-4be5-bef5-b68cfad48bcf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_22.16.1A

Katherine Kelso Cassatt

Artist:
Mary Stevenson Cassatt, 22 May 1844 - 14 Jun 1926  Search this
Sitter:
Katherine Kelso Cassatt, 1871 - 1905  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
22.8cm x 16cm (9" x 6 5/16"), Sight
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Katherine Kelso Cassatt: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Michele and Donald D'Amour Museum of Fine Arts
Object number:
36.004
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm494f59591-1ac0-4eea-8406-ecdcd53eba26
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_36.004

Unidentified Man

Artist:
Elsia C. Taylor, 1850 - 1950?  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Crayon on paper
Dimensions:
41.5cm x 29.2cm (16 5/16" x 11 1/2"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Minneapolis Institute of Art
Object number:
46.14.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm455750586-f842-4976-9b95-88dc8d5cf4f1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_46.14.2

Samuel Langhorne Clemens and Olivia Langdon Clemens

Attribution:
Augustus P. Chamberlaine, born mid 19th century  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 30 Nov 1835 - 21 Apr 1910  Search this
Olivia Langdon Clemens, 1845 - 1904  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
19.1cm x 15.2cm (7 1/2" x 6"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1890-1900
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Samuel Langhorne Clemens: Male  Search this
Samuel Langhorne Clemens: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Samuel Langhorne Clemens: Literature\Writer\Humorist  Search this
Samuel Langhorne Clemens: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Olivia Langdon Clemens: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Mark Twain Memorial
Object number:
63.38
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46f2a8570-1cdc-4754-92e7-775b669d9987
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_63.38

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