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Mohawk Airlines Negatives [Smith]

Creator:
Smith, C. Hadley, 1910-2004.  Search this
Names:
Mohawk Airlines  Search this
Extent:
0.21 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Place:
Ithaca (N.Y.)
Date:
1948-1965
Summary:
Mohawk Airlines was founded in 1945 as Robinson Aviation and was based out of Ithaca Municipal Airport in New York. C. Hadley Smith (1910-2004) began taking photographs at age five and received formal training in photography at the Patuxent River Naval Air Base where he served as a Photographer's Mate First Class during World War II. After the war, he began his career as a commercial photographer in Ithaca, New York. One of his clients was Robinson Aviation, later Mohawk Airlines. This collection consists of approximately 250 images taken by C. Hadley Smith pertaining to Mohawk Airlines, and a few from their predecessor Robinson Aviation.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 250 images taken by C. Hadley Smith pertaining to Mohawk Airlines, and a few from their predecessor Robinson Aviation. The images are in negative format, and are mostly 4 by 5 inches, with some smaller formats occasionally mixed in. All images except one are black and white. The negatives are in individually numbered envelopes with a number scheme applied by Smith which is comprised of the date (year-month-day) and a shot number from that day. Some of the envelopes contain duplicate negatives or contact prints, and some contain two separate images. The images show Mohawk Airlines personnel; facilities; aircraft; passengers; and company events. Aircraft shown in the images include the Douglas DC-3, Convair 240 Convair-Liner, and Beech Bonanza 35. Two passengers of note that appear in the images are actress Shelley Winters and President Harry S. Truman.
Arrangement:
This collection is in original order using the numbers that were applied by the creator.
Biographical / Historical:
Mohawk Airlines was founded in 1945 as Robinson Aviation and was based out of Ithaca Municipal Airport in New York. In 1948, the airline was certified as a local service carrier by the Civil Aeronautics Board and they were awarded numerous routes in the Mohawk Valley. At this time, the airline adopted the slogan "Route of the Air Chiefs" and began using a logo of a Native American on their aircraft. In 1952, the name was changed to Mohawk Airlines. By 1956, the airline had moved its corporate offices to Utica and the airline's operations base moved to Oneida County Airport in Whitestown, New York in 1958. Also in 1958, Mohawk employed the country's first African American flight attendant, Ruth Carol Taylor. Mohawk was responsible for a number of other firsts including being the first airline to used a centralized computer-based reservation service (1961), the first regional airline to used flight simulators (1965), and the first regional airline to fly jets (1965). Mohawk was purchased by Allegheny Airlines in 1972 which later became US Airways. US Airways merged with America West Airlines in 2005 and purchased American Airlines in 2015 and now operates under the American Airlines name and logo.
Provenance:
Hadley Smith, Gift, 2017, NASM.2017.0047
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Douglas DC-3 Family  Search this
Convair 240 Convair-Liner  Search this
Beech Bonanza 35  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Citation:
Mohawk Airlines Negatives [Smith], NASM.2017.0047, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2017.0047
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a2b4405f-9977-429f-bee2-167a2d0f8a7e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2017-0047
Online Media:

Jet Assisted Take Off (JATO) Photographs [Rice]

Names:
Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1941-1970
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 51 images of different aircraft boosted with JATO, including the following aircraft: Boeing B-47 Stratojet; a JATO boosted glider; United States Air Force Ercoupe; North American P-51 Mustang; Douglas A-20B Havoc; Douglas DC-9; Lockheed F-80; Lockheed P2V-6 (P-2F) Neptune; Douglas DC-3; North American L-17 Navion; Stearman Kaydet; Martin (Glenn L.) XB-51 (Model 234); Martin (Glenn L.) P5M (P-5); Consolidated PB2Y-3 Coronado; Douglas D-5882 Skyrocket; and Grumman F4F Wildcat. There are also photographs of the XLR1-AJ-1 JATO; JATO propelled boats and tanks; and a photograph of the personnel in charge of the flight test: Dr. Theodore Von Karman, Major P. H. Dane, W. B. Powell, Dr. F. J. Malina and Dr. M. Summerfield.
Biographical / Historical:
JATO is an acronym for Jet-fuel Assisted Take Off. It is a system for helping overloaded aircraft into the air by providing additional thrust in the form of small rockets.
Provenance:
Ed Rice, Gift
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Assisted take-off  Search this
North American P-51A Mustang  Search this
Douglas A-20 Havoc Family  Search this
Douglas DC-9 Family  Search this
Douglas DC-3 Family  Search this
Consolidated PB2Y-3 Coronado  Search this
Grumman F4F Wildcat Family  Search this
Douglas D-558 Family  Search this
Boeing B-47Stratojet  Search this
Douglas D-5882 Skyrocket  Search this
Consolidated PB2Y-3 Coronadol  Search this
Martin (Glenn L.) P5M (P-5)  Search this
Martin (Glenn L.) XB-51 (Model 234)  Search this
North American L-17 Navion  Search this
Lockheed P2V-6 (P-2F) Neptune  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jet Assisted Take Off (JATO) Photographs [Rice], Accession 2010-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2010.0016
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2335e1ffe-64e2-4f85-ab36-8612d5abaa85
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2010-0016
Online Media:

Douglas DC-3 Family [Bibliographies]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-00
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2d2f18477-5b98-4578-991d-9ae3814a8384
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18684

Douglas DC-3 Family [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg29ab94c6f-0e99-43cf-97a5-b69076405f15
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18687

Douglas DC-3 Family [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-05
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2cba2a558-16a6-4c53-8037-b5fe1a63f546
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18690

Douglas DC-3 Family [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-10
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28b4ddc1c-bdaf-47fe-b6f9-d9c13eb5670d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18693

Douglas DC-3 Family [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-15
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg202b38a66-f560-4037-8676-1753ec7329a6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18696

Douglas DC-3 Family [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-16
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2756fe284-00da-4784-a69f-f26e763a225d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18699

Douglas DC-3 Family [Photos]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File AD-761190-80
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A: Aircraft / Aircraft D / Douglas (Santa Monica, CA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f02108dd-6298-4f91-90d4-a3b1d7d82017
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref18702

Mid-Century Airliners Photography

Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (1 slim letter document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1987
bulk 1947-1965
Summary:
Photography in this collection was collected by Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Air Transport Curator R. E. G. (Ron) Davies from a variety of unidentified sources, presumably for integration into his airline reference files. It includes a mixture of black and white and color formats from 35 mm roll film to 4.75 x 6 inch sheet film. Aircraft pictured are predominantly airliners in use in the post-World War II period, circa 1947-1965, and include views of British, European, and American airliners at airports in the United Kingdom, and passenger and cargo aircraft belonging to various Central and South American airlines photographed at Miami International Airport (Florida, USA).
Scope and Contents:
Original and copy photography in this collection includes a mixture of color positives (transparencies), color negatives, and black and white negatives predominantly in 35mm roll film format, either as cut strips or as individual frames (no complete rolls). The collection also includes some medium format sheet film in 4.75 x 6 inch, 4 x 5 inch, and 120 format sizes. A small amount of film was found in annotated enclosures, but the bulk of the material was unidentified.

A large number of the photographs in this collection appear to have been taken of British, European, and American airliners on the ground at international airports in Britain (UK), with a few views of Royal Air Force or British government aircraft. An equally large number of photographs show passenger and cargo aircraft belonging to various Central and South American airlines; these are predominantly seen on the ground at Miami, Florida (USA), although some were likely taken at other locations in the Caribbean area. Views taken in Florida also include various American airliners and a few US civil, military, and government aircraft. Views taken in Central America include a few photographs of military cargo aircraft belonging to the Colombian (Fuerza Aérea Colombiana) and Salvadoran (Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña) air forces. Aircraft types pictured include a large number of World War II military cargo aircraft modified for civilian service, particularly the Curtiss C-46 Commando and—to a lesser extent—the Douglas C-47 (DC-3) Skytrain (Dakota) and Douglas C-54 (DC-4) Skymaster. Other post-WWII American airliners such as the Lockheed Constellation family, various Douglas models (DC-6, DC-7, DC-8, DC-10) and the Martin (Glenn L.) Model 404 (4-O-4) are also seen, as well as various British airliners including the Bristol 175 Britannia, Handley Page Hermes and Dart Herald H.P.R.7, Britten Norman BN-2A-III Trislander, and Vickers Viking and Viscount. A small group of photographs focuses on flying boats used by various small airlines, particularly the Short S.25 Sunderland and S.45A Solent models.
Arrangement:
Photography is organized by format. Images found together have been grouped in the same folder or sheet. Cut strips or individual frames which appear to be from the same roll of 35mm film are presented in frame number order.
Biographical / Historical:
The post-World War II period saw an explosion in the number of new national and international airlines, many making use of readily available surplus military aircraft such as the Douglas C-47 and Curtiss C-46 modified to serve as passenger and cargo aircraft in regularly scheduled and charter operations. This period also saw the introduction of four-engine pressurized airliners such as the Lockheed Constellation and Douglas DC-6, providing airline passengers with a faster, more comfortable air travel experience.

Photography in this collection was collected by Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Air Transport Curator R. E. G. (Ron) Davies from a variety of unidentified sources, presumably for integration into his airline reference files. This material was transferred to the NASM Archives from the NASM Aeronautics Department following Davies' retirement.
Related Materials:
See related collection R. E. G. (Ron) Davies Air Transport Collection, NASM.XXXX.0604.
Provenance:
NASM Aeronautics Department, transfer, 1989, NASM.XXXX.1224
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 20th century  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Airports  Search this
Curtiss C-46 Commando  Search this
Douglas DC-3 Family  Search this
Douglas C-47 Skytrain Family  Search this
Douglas C-54 Skymaster Family  Search this
Douglas DC-6  Search this
Douglas DC-7  Search this
Lockheed Model 749 Constellation  Search this
Lockheed Model 1049D Super Constellation  Search this
McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Family  Search this
Citation:
Mid-Century Airliners Photography, NASM.XXXX.1224, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1224
See more items in:
Mid-Century Airliners Photography
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ca6c932d-5bc3-4515-a60e-5c6505f500e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1224
Online Media:

Myron "Dan" Beard Collection

Creator:
Beard, Myron Gould "Dan"  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Fairchild Aircraft Corp  Search this
Extent:
17.44 Cubic feet ((16 record center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Reports
Manuals
Notebooks
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1930s-1960s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 15 linear feet of material relating to the aviation career of Dan Beard. This material includes the following types of archival material: correspondence, corporate reports, publications, equipment manuals, notebooks, booklets, and photographs. Besides the technical engineering material, there are also reports on airport planning, bomb detection on passengers airplanes, and cloud seeding in the southwest.
Biographical / Historical:
Myron Gould "Dan" Beard (1896-1974) was born in Foochow, China, the son of American missionaries. Beard learned to fly at Kelly Field in 1918, and then went to the University of Michigan where he received an engineering degree in 1925. Beard was a diesel engineer for Ingersoll Rand Company for 1925-1927, before joining Fairchild Caminez Engine Company (later Fairchild Aviation Corporation) from 1927 until 1930, first as an Installation Engineer and then as a test pilot. In 1930, Beard joined American Airways (predecessor of American Airlines) and rose to the rank of chief test pilot, before his retirement from the airline in 1964. Beard accumulated over 6200 hours in all types of airplanes, most of them in engineering and experimental testing. Beard played a key role in the development of the Douglas DC-3, DC-4, DC-6 and DC-7 as test and acceptance pilot for American Airlines. During World War II, he served as Chief Military Engineering Pilot of American Airlines' Military Operations Department and he worked with teams surveying the North Atlantic routes. In 1943, Beard took a leave of absence from American Airlines to go to Brazil as a member of the Defense Supply Corporation mission, which had the mission to Americanize the Brazilian airlines which previously had been part of the German aerial network of South America.
Provenance:
Mona Beard, Gift, 2004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Test pilots -- United States  Search this
Douglas DC-3 Family  Search this
Douglas DC-4  Search this
Douglas DC-6  Search this
Douglas DC-7  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Reports
Manuals
Notebooks
Photographs
Citation:
Myron "Dan" Beard Collection, Accession 2004-0048, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2004.0048
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21be77173-c750-40a4-a904-b3f30ef9034c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2004-0048

Walter W. Pentecost (Flying Tigers) Photograph Collection

Creator:
Pentecost, Walter W. ("Penny")  Search this
Names:
American Volunteer Group  Search this
Intercontinent Corporation  Search this
Pentecost, Walter W. ("Penny")  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet ((4 folders))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1941
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 88 photographs, primarily of Curtiss P-40 Warhawks, both before and after assembly in Rangoon. There are also photos of the American Volunteer Group, as well as of other aircraft, namely the Bristol Blenheim Bomber, Fleet Model 10, the Douglas DC-3, and several of the Lockheed 10 Electra. Most of the photographs were taken by Pentecost, except for five which are Curtiss-Wright photos simply furnished by Pentecost. There is at least one photograph of Walter Pentecost himself. Only approximately 10 of the photos are dated (1941), and a number of them do not list a location. Most, however, note Rangoon as the location, with some taken in Loiwing, China and its surrounding area.
Biographical / Historical:
Walter W. 'Penny' Pentecost's involvement in the world of aviation spanned the greater part of his lifetime. Following a stint as a barnstormer in the 1920s, Pentecost studied engineering at Purdue University. While working at North American Aviation as an Allison engine specialist, he was hired by the Intercontinent Corporation as an 'advance man' for the American Volunteer Group (a.k.a. the Flying Tigers). He was stationed in Rangoon, Burma between May and November of 1941 to oversee the assembly of approximately 100 Flying Tiger Curtiss P-40 Warhawks that were shipped to that nation for the Flying Tigers' mission to defend the Burma Road. Following this mission, Pentecost was sent to Loiwing, China, where he became involved with locating and refurbishing downed combat aircraft, and rescuing reusable parts that could be used to reconstruct other airplanes. Upon his return to the United States, Pentecost worked as a flight test engineer for combat airplanes, and as a service engineer for the Nike Zeus missile system. He also spent time as a project engineer for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory and assisted with NASA's Sky Lab.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Walter W. Pentecost, gift, 1982, XXXX-0567, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk Series  Search this
Bristol Blenheim  Search this
Fleet (Canada) Model 10  Search this
Douglas DC-3 Family  Search this
Lockheed Model 10 Electra Family  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Burma  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- India  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0567
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg265a95fc7-4c5a-46ba-8d67-9288fe14af27
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0567

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