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MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni (Tutuni)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma (Rogue River Indians)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3261ab492-5f9d-4be7-b1f4-c24d3f5da29b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

Dhegiha

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains Dorsey's Dhegiha research, covering Ponca, Omaha, Kansa, Quapaw, and Osage. Materials such as translations of sermons and hymnals in Dhegiha document his missionary work among the Ponca. The subseries also contains linguistic and ethnological notes; manuscripts; correspondence with Francis LaFlesche regarding Dhegiha language and customs; Dhegiha epistles; Omaha and Oto stories; drawings of Omaha robes and tents by George Miller; drawings by Stephen Stubbs and Pahaule-gagli of battle scenes between the Kansas and Cheyennes and a drawing by Stubbs of painted tipis and buffalo robes.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw379959be7-8737-4045-973a-97e64c81209c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref189

Correspondence with Francis LaFlesche

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 13, Item 136
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1882 July-September
Scope and Contents:
Dhegiha language and customs.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.3: Dhegiha
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30a004462-007b-4663-87f5-8d69876209b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref217

Nearer my God to Thee and Holy, Holy, Holy, in the Dhegiha language

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Item 175
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1872
Scope and Contents:
Digital surrogates are available.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.3: Dhegiha
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b85cf2e-2f0c-4356-8d89-a97099c228c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref258

Four hymns in the Dhegiha language

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Item 180
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1870s
Scope and Contents:
Contents: "Nearer to Thee," Holy, Holy, Holy !," "Hold the Fort," and an untitled hymn.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.3: Dhegiha
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw392e02322-9566-4739-bac9-43ee1b34fb41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref263

Siouan

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, d. 1932  Search this
Deloria, Ella C.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Date:
1919-circa 1945
bulk 1937-1939
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Plains series consists primarily of Harrington's research on Dakota and Lakota languages. The Dakota notes are based mainly on the dictionaries of Stephen R. Riggs and John P. Williamson, with some original linguistic and ethnographic information inserted. The bulk of Lakota material centers around a proposed primer written in collaboration with John Bad Heart Bull, a Siouan artist who worked with Harrington at Fort Wingate in July 1939. Harrington's fervor for primers traces as far back as 1923. It continued sporadically until about 1936 and escalated from then until July 1939, when, at the direction of the Bureau of American Ethnology, he went to Fort Wingate to assist in the Office of Indian Affairs primer program. That same year he also consulted with the Federal Works Projects Administration on the translation of Sioux legends. Correspondence with Ella Deloria and extracts from her "Dakota Grammar," written in collaboration with Franz Boas, form part of this section. Small amounts of additional Siouan data include Oto and Dhegiha linguistic notes, and miscellaneous notes on the Dakota, Chiwere, Omaha/Ponca, Osage/Kansa, Kiowa, and Kansas/Kaw languages. Information regarding Omaha and Osage came from Francis LaFlesche. Also among the Siouan files are a brief Tutelo vocabulary and eight Saponi placenames extracted from various secondary sources.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Siouan languages  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Oto language  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Otoe  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 5.4
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 5: Papers relating to the Native American History, Language and Culture of the Plains
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33a36c8e2-73bf-439d-8a26-9a6a58b25433
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14765

"Nearer my God to Thee" in Omaha / [translated by] Rev. J. Owen Dorsey

Author:
Adams, Sarah Flower 1805-1848  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Former owner:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895 DSI  Search this
Publisher:
Santee Normal Training School Press (Santee, Neb.)  Search this
Physical description:
[3] p. ; 16 cm
Type:
Texts
Date:
1894
Topic:
Omaha language  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Hymns, Omaha  Search this
Religious poetry  Search this
Call number:
PM2071.Z77 A33 1894
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904487

Ponka, ABC wa-bá-ru / Missionary Jurisdiction of Niobrara

Author:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Episcopal Church Missionary District of Niobrara  Search this
Former owner:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895 DSI  Search this
Physical description:
16 p. ; 15 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1873
Topic:
Dhegiha language  Search this
Call number:
PM2071.Z77 A33 1894
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904497

Quapaw as a Dhegiha language: Grammar

Collection Creator:
Rankin, Robert Louis, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985-1987
Collection Restrictions:
The Robert Rankin papers are open for research.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.

Computer disks are currently restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Robert Rankin papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Robert Rankin papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Robert Rankin papers
Robert Rankin papers / Series 1: Quapaw / 1.1: Files
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw378d32b80-9f47-483d-9b14-6b26d09f1c4e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2014-16-ref295

Omaha and Ponka letters by James Owen Dorsey

Author:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Author:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Physical description:
127 pages 25 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Texts
Pamphlets
Personal correspondence
Date:
1891
Topic:
Dhegiha language  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Omaha-Ponca language  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
INDIOS DE ESTADOS UNIDOS--LENGUAS  Search this
OMAHAS  Search this
PONCAS  Search this
SHEGIHA  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_941471

Kaánze Íe Wayáje : an Annotated Dictionary of Kaw (Kanza) / Linda A. Cumberland, Ph. D., Editor, Robert L. Rankin, PH. D., Contributing Editor

Title:
Annotated Dictionary of Kaw (Kanza
Donor:
Shea, Kathleen D AOW  Search this
Editor:
Cumberland, Linda A.  Search this
Author:
Rankin, Robert Louis 1939-  Search this
Kanza Language Project  Search this
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma  Search this
Physical description:
365 pages ; 28 cm
Type:
Dictionaries
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
2012
Topic:
Kansa Indians--Language--English  Search this
Siouan languages--English  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Dhegiha language--English  Search this
English language--Dhegiha language  Search this
Call number:
PM1441.Z5 K33 2012
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1097251

The Dhegiha language [the speech of the Omaha and Ponka tribes of the Siouan linguistic family of North American Indians] By James Owen Dorsey ..

Author:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
La Flesche, Francis 1857-1932  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 794 p. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1890
Topic:
Dhegiha language  Search this
Call number:
PM1058.Z77D7
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_268779

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