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Screw Press

Maker:
Hunt, R. Finley  Search this
Measurements:
frame: 28 cm x 19 cm x 7 cm; 11 in x 7 1/2 in x 2 3/4 in
"tee" handle: 27.5 mm x 19 mm; 1 1/16 in x 3/4 in
jacket: 34 mm x 118 mm; 1 5/16 in x 4 5/8 in
overall; tag: 1/4 in x 3 1/8 in x 3 1/8 in; .635 cm x 7.9375 cm x 7.9375 cm
overall; screw press: 11 in x 10 3/4 in x 4 in; 27.94 cm x 27.305 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
Screw Press
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey
ID Number:
CH.89797.01
Accession number:
89797
Catalog number:
89797.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a0-e287-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_3150
Online Media:

Toothbrush holder

Physical Description:
cellulose nitrate (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 19 cm x 7 cm x 2 cm; 7 1/2 in x 2 3/4 in x 13/16 in
overall: 7 5/8 in x 2 7/8 in x 15/16 in; 19.3675 cm x 7.3025 cm x 2.38125 cm
Object Name:
toothbrush holder
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey
Date made:
ca 1930
Subject:
Dental Products  Search this
ID Number:
2006.0098.1582
Catalog number:
2006.0098.1582
Accession number:
2006.0098
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Celluloid
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-b68e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1347442
Online Media:

Dr. Arthur's Typodont No 2

Maker:
Lee S. Smith & Son Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
cellulose nitrate (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 3/4 in x 4 in x 1 in; 4.445 cm x 10.16 cm x 2.54 cm
overall: 1 3/8 in x 4 1/4 in x 2 in; 3.4925 cm x 10.795 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
typodont
model of the teeth
dental model
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey
Date made:
ca 1910
Subject:
Dental Products  Search this
ID Number:
2006.0098.1455
Catalog number:
2006.0098.1455
Accession number:
2006.0098
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-96c9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1345841
Online Media:

James Beall Morrison Correspondence

Collector:
Morrison, James Beall, ?-1917  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Donor:
Reynolds, Roger  Search this
Reynolds, Allene  Search this
Author:
Garrett, H. S.  Search this
Tomes, Charles S.  Search this
Sercombe, Edwin  Search this
Extent:
10 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1869-1873
Summary:
Ten letters from London dentists to Morrison, a dentist and inventor, discussing his improved dental engine and improved dental chair. Eight letters are from Edwin Sercombe, with one from H. S. Garrett and another from Charles S. Tomes.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of ten letters, arranged chronologically, received by Dr. Morrison between 1869 and 1873. All are from dentists in London and all but two are from Dr. Edwin Sercombe, Morrison's good friend and leading advocate on his behalf in England. Sercombe's letters are the most interesting. He writes about Morrison's dental engine and its warm reception in London: "All who have it are delighted with it and I hope before long every man of any claim to consideration must have it" (February 11, 1873). Although he suggests minor improvements in some of its features, Sercombe was pleased with how well it worked. Without prior approval, but on Morrison's behalf, he even entered the engine he was using in his own practice into an International Exhibition held in London in the summer of 1873.

Sercombe also describes alterations he made to his own dental chair and writes that he was eagerly awaiting Morrison's new and improved chair; he repeatedly requests Morrison to send him one, without delay. These letters indicate that Morrison was actively working on his dental chair long before it was patented in 1887. In addition, Sercombe writes about his own practice and about dentists whom both he and Morrison knew. Among the latter was Dr. Thomas Evans, the American dentist who rescued the French Empress from Paris during the Franco Prussian War of 1870. Sercombe evidently did not like Dr. Evans, referring to him as "your friend" in one letter and criticizing his dental work in another.
Arrangement:
Arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. James Beall Morrison began his study of dentistry in Steubenville, Ohio, in 1848, by apprenticing in the office of two established dentists. After a year or so, he formed a partnership with one of them and they set up a travelling practice among the towns in the area. By 1857, Morrison had gone to St. Louis, Missouri, where he practiced dentistry with his brother, William, until 1861 or 1862. He then went to practice in Paris for about a year, which he followed with six years of practice in London. He then returned to Missouri, where he practiced dentistry and worked at improving dental equipment until his death in December 1917.

Morrison had developed an aptitude for the mechanical side of dentistry early on, particularly during his apprenticeship in Steubenville. An example of his denture work, exhibited before the Ohio State Board of Agriculture in 1852, had been awarded a first prize. His first major contribution to dentistry came in 1871, when he developed and patented the first practical dental engine. Morrison's "bracket engine" consisted of a moveable arm and handpiece, both of which could be operarated by either foot power or other (belt driven) energy source. This was the pioneer of power driven dental tools. Later, in 1887, Morrison patented an improved dental operating chair which provided a wide range of movement.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Roger and Allene Reynolds, November 21, 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Dentists  Search this
Topic:
Dental technology -- History  Search this
Dentistry  Search this
Dentistry -- History  Search this
Inventors -- 19th century  Search this
Inventions -- 19th century  Search this
Citation:
James Beall Morrison Correspondence, 1869-1873, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0442
See more items in:
James Beall Morrison Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0442
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Lisa Gralnick

Interviewee:
Gralnick, Lisa, 1956-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Kent State University -- Faculty  Search this
Kent State University -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Parsons School of Design  Search this
Kounellis, Jannis, 1936-2017  Search this
Lightman, Alan  Search this
Matzdorf, Gary Bengier  Search this
Mimlitsch-Gray, Myra  Search this
Scherr, Mary Ann, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
12 Items (Sound recording: 12 sound files (7 hr., 4 min.), digital, wav)
111 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
2007 October 29-30
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Lisa Gralnick conducted 2007 October 29-30, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Gralnik's home, in Madison, Wisconsin.
Gralnick speaks of her father's illness; taking a jewelry-making class as a teenager; the honors college at Kent State; her master's thesis and the Cosmogonic Cycle; teaching enameling at Kent State to support her studio art; the metals program at Parsons School of Design; a black rubber house in upstate New York; creating structures out of black plastic; her introduction to computers; working with gold; drawing inspiration from physics and machinery; her fascination with dentistry tools; being a hands-on learner; satisfaction from the labor of art; working with metal; her methodological form of teaching; teaching a graduate class and focusing on body parts; the relationship between ambition and hard work; teaching in an art department as opposed to a craft department; her recent reliquary and jewelry work; poetic and musical influences; showing abstraction and emotion in her work; the creation of The Gold Standard pieces. Gralnick also recalls Mary Ann Scherr, Gary Bengier Matzdorf, Jannis Kounellis, Alan Lightman, Myra Mimlitsch Gray, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Lisa Gralnick (1956- ) is a metalsmith and professor from Madison, Wisconsin. Mija Riedel (1958- ) is a curator and writer from San Francisco, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 12 digital wav files. Duration is 7 hr., 4 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Educators  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Jewelry making -- Study and teaching  Search this
Metal-work -- Study and teaching  Search this
Metal-workers -- Wisconsin -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.gralni07
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gralni07

Anna Walinska papers

Creator:
Walinska, Anna  Search this
Names:
Guild Art Gallery  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Beata, Welsing  Search this
Hacohen, Bracha  Search this
Littlefield, William Horace, 1902-1969  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988  Search this
Walinsky, Louis Joseph, 1908-2001  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Transcripts
Travel diaries
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Israel -- Description and Travel
Date:
1927-2002
bulk 1935-1980
Summary:
The papers of New York-based painter, teacher and art director Anna Walinska measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1927 to 2002, with the bulk of material from 1935 to 1980. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, travel diaries, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York-based painter, teacher and art director Anna Walinska measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1927 to 2002, with the bulk of material from 1935 to 1980. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, travel diaries, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographs.

Biographical material consists of awards, certificates, curriculum vitae, biographical outlines, exhibition lists, passports and other material. There is a partial transcript from a radio interview of Anna Walinska. Also included are limited financial records.

Correspondence includes Anna Walinska's letters to her family from her 1954-1955 trip abroad to multiple countries in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. There is personal and professional correspondence with friends, artists and art institutions. Notable correspondents include Milton Avery, Louise Nevelson, Beata Welsing, Bracha Hacohen, William Littlefield, and Walinska's brother Louis Walinsky.

Writings consist of Walinska's notes, notebooks, lectures, essays, and a handwritten prospectus for Guild Art Gallery. There is one folder of writings by others about Walinska at the end of the series. There are four travel diaries that describe Walinska's trip around the world from 1954-1955, during which she traveled to many countries, and later trips to locations such as Israel and Trinidad.

Printed Material include clippings about Anna Walinska, group and solo exhibition catalogs, announcements, event invitations, and course catalogs for the Master Institute of United Art in New York City, where Walinska taught painting and drawing classes.

There are three scrapbooks: one scrapbook is about Guild Art Gallery, the second scrapbook is about the Holocaust exhibition, the third oversized scrapbook documents Walinska's career and activities overall.

Artwork consists of two bound sketchbooks as well as drawings and sketches in a variety of mediums from pencil and ink to watercolors and oils.

Photographs are of Walinska, friends, family, artists, artwork, exhibition installations, and other subjects. One album includes photos of Anna Walinska and her travels, along with images of friends and colleagues. The second album includes photographs of Walinska's solo exhibition at Sunken Meadow Gallery (1959). There is also one folder of photocopies of photos of assorted artwork by Walinska.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1927-2002 (Box 1; 11 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1995 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1935-circa 1983 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 4: Travel Diaries, 1954-1973 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1942-2002 (Boxes 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, circa 1929-1980 (Boxes 2, 4; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1929-1963 (Box 3; 5 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1932-1980 (Box 3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Anna Walinska (1906-1997) was a New York artist, teacher and gallery director who traveled widely and is most well known for her paintings related to the subject of the Holocaust.

Anna Walinska was born in London, England in 1906 to labor organization leader Ossip Walinsky and poet Rosa Newman Walinska. She had two siblings, Emily and Louis. The family immigrated to New York City in 1914, and Anna Walinska began studying at the Art Students League in 1918. In 1926, she travelled to Paris and studied art at the Academie de Grande Chaumier with Andre L'Hote. France was her primary residence until 1930.

In 1935, Walinska and artist Margaret Lefranc co-founded the Guild Art Gallery at West 57th Street in New York and gave Arshile Gorky his first solo exhibition in the city. The gallery closed its doors in 1937. In 1939, Walinska was the Assistant Creative Director of the Contemporary Art Pavilion at the New York World's Fair. During this time, Walinska also pursued her own art and exhibited work in numerous group shows.

From 1954 to 1955, Walinska traveled around the world, visiting the capitals and major cities of many countries in Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Places she went included Japan, Burma (now known as Myanmar), Pakistan, Greece, Italy, France and Spain. During her four month stay in Burma, she painted a portrait of Prime Minister U Nu and she later became a highly respected portrait artist who painted numerous illustrious subjects such as First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, artists Louise Nevelson and Mark Rothko, and many others.

In 1957, Walinska became the artist-in-residence at the Riverside Museum where she also taught and exhibited with other artists. That same year, she had her first retrospective at the Jewish Museum in New York City.

Walinska exhibited widely and often. Holocaust: Paintings and Drawings, 1953-1978, which opened at the Museum of Religious Art at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City, is probably the most well-known of her exhibitions and it traveled across the country to several other sites such as the War Memorial Building in Baltimore and Mercy College of Detroit. Works from this exhibition were acquired by multiple museums to become part of their permanent collections.

Walinkska died on December 19, 1997 at the age of 91 in New York City. In 1999, there was a retrospective of her work titled Echoes of the Holocaust: Paintings, Drawings, and Collage, 1940-1989 held at Clark University's Center for Holocaust Studies. The Onisaburo Gallery at New York's Interfaith Center also held a solo exhibition titled Portraits of Faith (2000). Her art is part of the collections at the Denver Art Museum, National Portrait Gallery, National Museum of Women in the Arts, the Rose Art Museum, and other museums.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also has the Guild Art Gallery records, which consists of material related to the gallery that was co-founded by Anna Walinska.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Anna Walinska in two installations in 1976 and 1981. Rosina Rubin, Anna Walinska's niece, made a third donation of material in 2017.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., research center.
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Drawing--Study and teaching  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), in art  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Asia--Description and travel  Search this
Middle East--Description and travel  Search this
Trinidad and Tobago--Description and travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Transcripts
Travel diaries
Citation:
Anna Walinska papers, 1927-2002, bulk 1935-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.walianna
See more items in:
Anna Walinska papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-walianna
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Alma Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Bader, Franz, 1903-1994  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Johnson, Nathalie J. Cole  Search this
Sarg, Tony, 1882-1942  Search this
Tarbary, Celine  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Thomas, J. Maurice (John Maurice), 1900 or 1901-  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1894-2001
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.

Biographical material includes identity cards, chronologies, an audio recording including a biographical account, and scattered documentation of Thomas's education and teaching careers with D.C. Public Schools, Howard University, and Thomas Garrett Settlement in Wilmington, Delaware. Also found are records relating to Thomas's participation in a summer marionette class taught by Tony Sarg in 1934, and a tour of European art centers which Thomas took in 1958.

Letters relate primarily to the exhibition of Thomas's work and related events and are from galleries, museums, other art institutions, colleagues, and friends including Franz Bader, Adelyn Breeskin, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Howard University Gallery of Art, Martha Jackson Gallery, Nathalie J. Cole Johnson, Vincent Melzac, Celine Tabary, and Joshua Taylor.

Notes and writings include four notebooks and autobiographical writings by Thomas, a "Birthday Book," and an annotated engagement calendar. J. Maurice Thomas's writings about Alma Thomas, her research for a bibliography on James Weldon Johnson, and writings by others, including Jacob Kainen, about Alma Thomas, are also found here.

Exhibition files contain a wide variety of documentation for many group and solo exhibitions of Thomas's work from the early 1950s through a 1998-2000 traveling retrospective exhibition, including solo exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1972. The records include letters from Franz Bader Gallery, David Driskell at Fisk University, and Vincent Melzac. Photographs include Thomas with individuals including William Buckner, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, James W. Herring, and Vincent Melzac. Also found is a photograph of the 1951 Little Paris Studio Group picturing Lois Mailou Jones, Celine Tabary, Alma Thomas, and others. Two video recordings are of events related to the 1998-2000 retrospective at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Columbus Museum of Art. Records documenting a 1981-1982 exhibition at the Smithsonian National Museum of American Art, A Life in Art: Alma Thomas, includes the script of a video written by Adolphus Ealey.

Personal business records include price lists, gift and loan receipts, and files concerning the Art in Embassies Program, the Martha Jackson Gallery, a benefit auction for the Corcoran School of Art, and the designation of the Thomas family home in Washington, D.C. as a historic property.

Eleven scrapbooks document Thomas's teaching career through the activities of the art classes she taught at Shaw Junior High School.

Printed materials include announcements and catalogs for exhibitions and other events; clippings which document Thomas's career and subjects of interest to her; Christmas cards featuring block prints designed by Thomas; and other programs and publications featuring Thomas.

Photographs are of Alma Thomas, family, and friends and colleagues including Sam Gilliam, James V. Herring, and Nathalie V. Cole Johnson; art classes taught by Thomas; Thomas's homes in Columbus, Georgia and Washington, D.C.; and exhibitions not documented in Series 4: Exhibition Files, including photographs of Alma Thomas at an opening at Barnett Aden Gallery with Alonzo Aden and others.
Arrangement note:
The papers have been arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1911-2001 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Letters, circa 1930-2001 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1920s-circa 1998 (Box 2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1951-2000 (Boxes 2-3, OV 7; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1950s-1994 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1908-2000 (Boxes 3-5, OV 7; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1930-1946 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1894-2001 (Boxes 5-6; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas (1891-1978) was known for her abstract paintings filled with dense patterns of color, and was considered a major artist of the Washington Color School.

Thomas was born in Columbus, Georgia, in 1894, and was the eldest of the four daughters of John Harris Thomas and Amelia Cantey Thomas. The family moved to Washington, D.C. in 1906 and Thomas was first introduced to art classes at Armstrong Technical High School. Following her graduation in 1911 she took a course in kindergarten teaching at the Miner Normal School, and subsequently worked as a substitute teacher in the Washington, D.C. public school system until 1914, when she took a teaching position on the Eastern shore of Maryland. From 1916 to 1923 she taught kindergarten at Thomas Garrett Settlement House in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thomas originally enrolled at Howard University in Washington, D.C. as a home economics major in 1921, but after studying under Lois Mailou Jones amd James V. Herring in Herring's newly established art department, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Fine Art in 1924, and became the first person to graduate from the program. Thomas then began her teaching career at Shaw Junior High School in Washington, D.C. that lasted from 1924, until her retirement in 1960. During this time she established community arts programs that would encourage her students to develop an appreciation of fine arts. Activities included marionette programs, distribution of student-designed holiday menu cards for dinners given for soldiers at the Tuskegee Veterans' Hospital, art clubs, lectures, and student exhibitions. In 1943 she became the founding vice president of Barnett Aden Gallery, which was established by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden and was the first integrated gallery in Washington, D.C.

In 1934 Thomas earned an M.A. degree in Art Education from Columbia University. At American University in Washington, D.C., she studied creative painting under Joe Summerford, Robert Gates, and Jacob Kainen from 1950 to 1960, and began to break away from representational painting and experiment more seriously with Abstract Expressionism. In 1958 she participated in a tour of the art centers of Western Europe under the auspices of the Tyler School of Fine Arts at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Following her retirement from teaching in 1960, Thomas devoted herself full-time to painting, and continued to develop her signature style. She was inspired by nature and the desire to express beauty through composition and color, and refused to be constrained by societal expectations related to her race, gender, and age, achieving her greatest success in the last decade of her life. Her work was exhibited at the Dupont Theatre Art Gallery, Franz Bader Gallery, and the Howard University Gallery of Art, before she was honored in 1972 with exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Thomas's work has been exhibited at the White House and can be found in the permanent collections of major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Separated Materials note:
In 1979, J. Maurice Thomas loaned papers for microfilming. Most, but not all, of the loaned material was later donated and is described in this finding aid. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are available on reels 1541-1543 and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
J. Maurice Thomas, the artist's sister, loaned portions of the collection for microfilming in 1979. Most, but not all of this material was then later donated in several accretions by J. Maurice Thomas, between 1979 and 2004. Charles Thomas Lewis, Thomas' nephew, gave additional papers in 2010.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Alma Thomas papers, circa 1894-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.thomalma
See more items in:
Alma Thomas papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomalma
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Nineteen Certificates Honoring Various Aviation Pioneers Awarded December 17, 1963 at the National Aviation Hall of Fame, Dayton, Ohio

Collection Creator:
Knabenshue, A. Roy (Augustus Roy), 1876-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963-12-17
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0136, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection / Series 6: Miscellaneous
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0136-ref163
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Frederick Franck photographs

Creator:
Franck, Frederick, 1909-  Search this
Names:
Vatican Council (2d : 1962-1965)  Search this
Extent:
47 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1962-1963
Scope and Contents:
45 photographs of Franck's drawings done at the Ecumenical Council in Rome in 1962; an American exhibition catalogue for some of these drawings; and a résumé.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and writer (New York, N.Y.). Full name Frederick Sigfred Franck; b. Apr. 12, 1909, in Maastricht, the Netherlands; came to the U.S. and became an American citizen in 1945; d. June 5, 2006, Warwick, N.Y. Had a degree in dentistry.
Provenance:
Donated 1963 by Frederick Franck. Died in 2006.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Identifier:
AAA.franfred
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franfred

Medical Sciences Film Collection

Creator:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Division of Medical Sciences, NMAH  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (81 Films, 16mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1938-1974
Scope and Contents:
Films vary in subject, production source, and intended audience. Includes both silent and sound black-and-white, and color films with sound.
Arrangement:
Divided into 5 series.

Series 1: Technical Medical films

Series 2: Dental Films

Series 3: Public Health and Nursing Films

Series 4: Pharmaceutical Films

Series 5: Advertisements
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dentistry  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Public health  Search this
Child care  Search this
Childbirth -- 1930-1960  Search this
Pharmacology  Search this
Medical education  Search this
Surgery  Search this
Medical Equipment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0222
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0222

318949.1337 pure cyclegraph. Hard to figure out, but I think it might be Jane Bunker's dentistry motions. This is based on the fact that related captions are for both bricklaying and dentistry, and these do not look like bricklaying.

Collection Creator:
Perkins, James Secor  Search this
Gilbreth, Frank Bunker, 1868-1924  Search this
Gilbreth, Lillian Moller, 1878-1972  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1916?
General note:
Category: surgical & dental study
Gilbreth image: GL 66
Related captions: GL-60 "Record of skilled orthodontist showing admirable decision."

GL-68 "Studying orthodonture work of Dr. Jane G. Bunker."
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Viewing film portion of collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio tape requires special arrangment. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection / Series 2: Glass Stereographs / 318949.1337 to 318949.1423
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0803-ref6302

Men of Progress

Artist:
Christian Schussele, 16 Apr 1824 - 1879  Search this
Sitter:
William Thomas Green Morton, 9 Aug 1819 - 15 Jul 1868  Search this
James Bogardus, 14 Mar 1800 - 13 Apr 1874  Search this
Samuel Colt, 19 Jul 1814 - 10 Jan 1862  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884  Search this
Joseph Saxton, 22 Mar 1799 - 26 Oct 1873  Search this
Charles Goodyear, 29 Dec 1800 - 1 Jul 1860  Search this
Peter Cooper, 12 Feb 1791 - 4 Apr 1883  Search this
Jordan Lawrence Mott, 12 Oct 1799 - 1866  Search this
Joseph Henry, 17 Dec 1797 - 13 May 1878  Search this
Eliphalet Nott, 25 Jun 1773 - 29 Jan 1866  Search this
John Ericsson, 31 Jul 1803 - 8 Mar 1889  Search this
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels, 20 Sep 1819 - 8 Mar 1895  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse, 27 Apr 1791 - 2 Apr 1872  Search this
Henry Burden, 22 Apr 1791 - 19 Jan 1871  Search this
Richard March Hoe, 19 Jul 1815 - 13 Sep 1884  Search this
Erastus Brigham Bigelow, 2 Apr 1814 - 6 Dec 1879  Search this
Isaiah Jennings, 1792 - 1862  Search this
Thomas Blanchard, 24 Jun 1788 - 16 Apr 1864  Search this
Elias Howe, 9 Jul 1819 - 3 Oct 1867  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 128.3 x 190.5 x 5.1cm (50 1/2 x 75 x 2")
Frame: 162.6 x 225.7 x 12.7cm (64 x 88 7/8 x 5")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia
Date:
1862
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Weapon\Gun\Pistol  Search this
Artist's Effects\Architectural drawing  Search this
Equipment\Patent model  Search this
Isaiah Jennings: Male  Search this
Isaiah Jennings: Health and Medicine\Dentist  Search this
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Dental  Search this
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Firearms  Search this
Joseph Henry: Male  Search this
Joseph Henry: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Joseph Henry: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Joseph Henry: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Secretary  Search this
Elias Howe: Male  Search this
Elias Howe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Sewing machine  Search this
Elias Howe: Crafts and Trades\Machinist  Search this
William Thomas Green Morton: Male  Search this
William Thomas Green Morton: Literature\Writer\Medical  Search this
William Thomas Green Morton: Science and Technology\Inventor\Medical  Search this
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Dentist  Search this
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Physician\Anaesthetist  Search this
Charles Goodyear: Male  Search this
Charles Goodyear: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Charles Goodyear: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Rubber  Search this
Charles Goodyear: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Retailer  Search this
James Bogardus: Male  Search this
James Bogardus: Visual Arts\Artist\Medalist  Search this
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural  Search this
Joseph Saxton: Male  Search this
Joseph Saxton: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Joseph Saxton: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Clockmaker  Search this
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Male  Search this
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Visual Arts\Art Patron  Search this
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Male  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Henry Burden: Male  Search this
Henry Burden: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Entrepreneur  Search this
Henry Burden: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Henry Burden: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron  Search this
Henry Burden: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Metalworker\Ironmaster  Search this
Henry Burden: Business and Finance\Transportation\Shipbuilder  Search this
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Male  Search this
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Science and Technology\Inventor\Loom  Search this
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Education\Founder\Technical institute  Search this
Samuel Colt: Male  Search this
Samuel Colt: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Samuel Colt: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Firearms  Search this
Thomas Blanchard: Male  Search this
Thomas Blanchard: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Richard March Hoe: Male  Search this
Richard March Hoe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Press  Search this
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Male  Search this
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural  Search this
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil\Bridge builder  Search this
Eliphalet Nott: Male  Search this
Eliphalet Nott: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
Eliphalet Nott: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Eliphalet Nott: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Peter Cooper: Male  Search this
Peter Cooper: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Peter Cooper: Education\Founder\School  Search this
Peter Cooper: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Peter Cooper: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Peter Cooper: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Peter Cooper: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron  Search this
John Ericsson: Male  Search this
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Marine  Search this
John Ericsson: Business and Finance\Transportation\Shipbuilder  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Male  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Art Instructor  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Education\Founder\College  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor\Telegraph  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number:
NPG.65.60
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42807e116-7c29-4206-a45d-dcdfde3b437f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.65.60

Dr. Joseph Atwood

Artist:
Giddings Hyde Ballou, 1820 - 1886  Search this
Sitter:
Dr. Joseph Atwood, 1823 - 1897  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
76.2 x 63.5cm (30 x 25")
Type:
Painting
Date:
April 1849
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Architecture\Arch  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Dental instrument  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Dental mold  Search this
Dr. Joseph Atwood: Male  Search this
Dr. Joseph Atwood: Health and Medicine\Dentist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Chatham Historical Society
Object number:
MA580001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46aefd142-98f4-4cd8-a59a-17d1d4ec1bd0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MA580001

Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection

Extent:
9 videotapes and 3 audiotapes. 11 digital video .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Transcripts
Date:
1989
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
Ramunas Kondratas, curator at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), interviewed Ledley, Homer Twigg, Robert Zeman, David Greigo, and Seong Ki Mun about the history of CAT scanning in general, and the development and operation of the ACTA scanner in particular, as well as Ledley's more recent work in biotechnology instrumentation. Kondratas also visually documented CAT scanning equipment, from the earliest model ACTA scanner to most recent CT scanners.

This collection consists of five interview sessions, totalling approximately 8:26 hours of recordings and 154 pages of transcript. Also included is one audio interview, totalling approximately 4:30 hours of audiotape and 96 pages of transcript.
Historical Note:
The ACTA (Automatic Computerized Transverse Axial) scanner was developed in 1973. The introduction of this first full-body CAT (Computer Assisted Tomography) -- or CT (Computerized Tomography) -- scanner lead to advancement in medical imaging and diagnostic medicine, especially for non-invasive viewing of soft tissue inside the body. The machine revolutionized diagnosis in cancer, heart disease, and soft tissue irregularities by transmitting X-ray beams through transverse axial slices of the body, resulting in computerized cross-sectional images of the body part scanned. Robert S. Ledley, of Georgetown University Medical Center, designed the ACTA scanner, and it was first used in clinical operation there in 1973.

Robert Ledley received a D.D.S. degree from New York College of Dentistry in 1948 and a M.A. degree in theoretical physics from Columbia University in 1950. Shortly thereafter he worked for both the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) and the Johns Hopkins University as a physicist and research analyst. From 1968 to 1970, he was professor of Electrical Engineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at the George Washington University. In 1960 he founded and became president of the National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF). He joined the School of Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center in 1970 as a professor in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics. In 1974 he became a professor in the Medical Center's Department of Radiology and in 1975 was appointed director of the Medical Computing and Biophysics Division.

Homer Twigg graduated from the University of Maryland Medical School in 1951 and entered the United States Public Health Service where he received training in radiology. In 1957, he joined the Radiology Department of the Georgetown University Medical Center and was one of the first radiologists to work with Dr. Ledley in applying the ACTA scanner to clinical situations.

Robert Zeman received his M.D. from Northwestern University in 1976. In 1977 he began his residency at Yale New Haven Hospital, in New Haven, Connecticut, and was appointed assistant professor of Diagnostic Radiology at Yale University in 1981. The following year he joined Georgetown University School of Medicine as an assistant professor of Radiology and held numerous other positions there until his appointment as Clinical Director of the Department of Diagnostic Radiology in 1986.

David Griego, Georgetown University Medical Center CAT scanning supervisor and radiology specialist, and Seong Ki Mun, director of the Division of Imaging Physics were interviewed for their knowledge of current trends in the field of medical imaging.
Rights:
Restricted. The permission of Ramunas Kondratas must be obtained for commercial reproduction or broadcast. Contact SIHistory@si.edu for more details.
Topic:
Science -- History  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Biology  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Tomography  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9544, Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9544
See more items in:
Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9544

At Ledley's office, NBRF, Georgetown University. Ledley discussed his background and career, including: childhood and family life; interest in physics; dentistry training; work at the National Bureau of Standards; research and publications; founding of...

Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted. The permission of Ramunas Kondratas must be obtained for commercial reproduction or broadcast. Contact SIHistory@si.edu for more details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9544, Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection
Medical Imaging Videohistory Collection / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9544-refidd1e584

Leuman Maurice Waugh collection

Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Names:
American Association of Dental Schools  Search this
American Board of Orthodontics  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Nanuk Mi-kin-inni (Yacht)  Search this
New York Athletic Club  Search this
Northland (Coast Guard cutter: WPG-49)  Search this
United States. Public Health Service  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet ((5 boxes; 1 map case drawer))
1,749 Photographic prints
1,035 Lantern slides
1579 Negatives (photographic)
80 Film reels (16mm)
Culture:
Inuit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Negatives (photographic)
Film reels
Writings
Dental records
Printed ephemera
Maps
Correspondence
Clippings
Realia
Place:
Labrador (N.L.)
Alaska
Date:
1909-1963
Summary:
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains papers, photographs, and film holdings that were created by Waugh during his dental research expeditions to indigenous communities in Newfoundland and Labrador in eastern Canada and in Arctic Alaska.
Scope and Contents:
The Leuman Maurice Waugh collection contains materials created and compiled by Dr. Leuman Waugh during his research expeditions to Arctic Alaska and the Newfoundland and Labrador regions of Eastern, Canada circa 1909-1963. During these trips, Waugh studied the dental health of Indigenous communities in the region and treated patients.

The collection contains materials that were created and collected by Waugh during his research trips and include raw dental data and community census information; professional and personal correspondence; clippings, articles, and essays; reports and lectures; logistics and trip planning documents; postcards; journals; and sketches and drawings, among other materials.

The collection also contains over 4,000 photographs and 80 16mm film reels that were shot by Waugh during his research trips and document his work with Indigenous communities in Alaska and eastern Canada.
Arrangement note:
Waugh's original order was disturbed over the years after his death and during transfer from the Waugh family to the Rankin Museum. NMAI archivists elected to arrange the collection chronologically.

The records are organized in the following series: I. Dental study data and logistics, II. Correspondence, III. Writings, IV. Realia and ephemera, V. Press clippings and public relations materials, VI. Maps and other oversized materials.Chronological arrangement.
Biographical/Historical note:
Born on March 6, 1877 in New Dundee, Ontario, Canada, Leuman Maurice Waugh, moved to Rochester, New York, with his family at the age of nine. He acquired his love for photography in Rochester, which always attributed as the "Kodak city." Following in his father's dentistry footsteps, Waugh attended the University of Buffalo, from which he received his D.D.S. in 1900. He took post-graduate studies in Histology, Bacteriology, and Pathology at Buffalo's School of Medicine, and within two years was appointed Professor of Histology and Embryology at his alma mater. In 1912, Waugh pioneered the design of a unit-type x-ray machine for use at the dental chair, which was later studied and adopted by large dental apparatus manufacturers. By the time he left Buffalo in 1914 to specialize in the infant field of orthodontics in New York City, he had served as Professor of Special Pathology and Officer of the Governing Faculty at the university.

In 1915, Waugh served on the Organization Committee of the Columbia Dental School and shortly thereafter became its Secretary of the Dental Faculty, and sequentially Secretary of the Administrative Board and Professor of Histology and Embryology. In 1921 he was appointed Professor and Director of the Orthodontic Division of the school, and later served as Associate Director, Acting Director and Associate Dean. Waugh's affiliation with Columbia lasted through 1945. He served as Director of the American Board of Orthodontics from 1949 to 1953, and was asked to serve as Secretary-Chairman of the Orthodontia section of the American Association of Dental Schools in 1930, and as President in 1935. Waugh married Helen "Esty" Marshall, and had a son, Donald (also a dentist), and a daughter, Dorothy.

An active member of the Explorer's Club and Commodore of the Yachting Department of the New York Athletic Club, Waugh volunteered to undertake Alaskan studies on caries research among the Inuit for the U.S. Public Health Service. In 1929, the Health Service appointed Waugh Dental Director (Reserve) at the rank of Colonel. Waugh was apparently inspired by a lecture he heard as a student in 1908 from Dr. Ales Hrdlicka, Smithsonian Curator of Physical Anthropology at the Institute of Dental Pedagogics, on the dental conditions of human populations. Waugh privately carried out a Labrador study between 1921 and d1927 over the course of five summers. Under the sometimes-partial aegis of the U.S. Public Heath Service, Waugh also studied twelve Alaskan Inuit communities between 1929 and 1938. He was the first dental officer in the U.S. Public Service ever assigned to the Coast Guard Cutter Northland's cruise area of the Bering Sea and Alaska Arctic regions. During his trips, Waugh compiled data on the teeth, mouth, and diet of indigenous communities. In addition, he took many photographs and films of both dental subjects and indigenous communities.

Waugh's son, Donald, accompanied him on his 1935 expedition up the Kuskokwim River (Alaska) in their custom designed and built 29 foot yacht Nanuk Mi-kin-inni (Polar Bear Cub). In 1936, Waugh was appointed to a position with the Alaska Health Service by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior via the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. This position allowed him to further his studies of tooth decay throughout Alaska and the Bering Sea region. Waugh's 1937 expedition included three dentists (one a biochemist), a physician and a nurse, and involved extensive air travel in small planes. A popular lecturer and prolific writer, Waugh continued to advocate for the health of the northern indigenous communities he visited long after his trips ended. He spent the remainder of his professional career at Columbia University, where he rose from Professor of Orthodontia (1923-19435) to (concurrently) Chief of Orthodontia and Director of the Department of Orthodontics. Waugh continued to be active in professional organizations well after his retirement, until a few years before his death at his home in Betterton, Maryland, on May 6, 1972.
Related Archival Materials note:
The National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution hold twenty Waugh photographs which located in the Division of Physical Anthropology Photograph Collection #NAA2223a. NAA also has Waugh material in the Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers, #NAA3131. The Archives and Special Collections at the Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library, Columbia University holds the School of Dental and Oral Surgery Records, 1892, 1915-1976 as well as the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Historical Collection, 1892-1989.
Provenance:
The National Museum of the American Indian purchased the Waugh collection in 2001 from the Rankin Museum of American and Natural History in Ellerbee, N.C.
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Occupation:
Dentists  Search this
Dentists  Search this
Topic:
Missions, Medical -- Kuskokwim River (Alaska)  Search this
Nutrition and dental health -- Alaska  Search this
Missions, Medical -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Anthropology -- Alaska  Search this
Dentistry -- Alaska  Search this
Dentistry -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Orthodontists  Search this
Inuit -- Names, Personal  Search this
Anthropology -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Missions, Medical -- Alaska  Search this
Inuit -- Census -- Alaska  Search this
Teeth -- Radiography  Search this
Inuit -- Dental care -- Alaska  Search this
Nutrition and dental health -- Labrador (N.L.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
dental records
Printed ephemera
Maps
Correspondence
Clippings
Realia
Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.003
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-003
Online Media:

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1925
Collection Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-003-ref44
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Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1928
Collection Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-003-ref46
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  • View Correspondence digital asset number 1
  • View Correspondence digital asset number 2

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Collection Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-003-ref47
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  • View Correspondence digital asset number 4

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1929
Collection Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-003-ref48
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