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John Canfield Ewers Papers

Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Names:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States. National Park Service  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Extent:
97 Linear feet
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cree  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1993
Scope and Contents:
The John Canfield Ewers Papers document his wide ranging anthropological interests from early White depictions of Native Americans to the material culture of the Plains tribes through correspondence, exhibit catalogs, field notes, illustrations, lectures, maps, photocopies of archival materials, photographs, and writings. The collection includes materials relating to his numerous research projects and publications such as his books on plains sculpture and Jean Louis Berlandier as well as his field research among the Assiniboin and Blackfoot tribes. Ewers' career as an ethnologist based in a museum is amply documented through correspondence, exhibit plans and scripts, notes, and reports showcasing his work for the National Park Service and his fifty plus years at the Smithsonian. The voluminous correspondence file highlights his close collaboration with individuals such as Stu Conner, Hugh Dempsey, Claude Schaeffer, and Colin Taylor. Ewers' graduate studies and his family are featured in Series XI. One special category of materials in this collection is Series XIV, the card files. Ewers pulled information from his field notes and other sources, classified them, and typed or wrote them up on 3x5 or 5x7 inch index cards. He then organized these files alphabetically by subject within large categories such as "Collecting Alpha by Collectors Name" or "Fur Trade and Trade Goods." The card files include correspondence and photographs and closely relate to materials throughout the rest of the collection. Though Ewers' papers are primarily textual in nature, there are graphic materials throughout his files. Series XIII features the graphic materials that Ewers kept separate from his files such as the contents of his slide cabinets. There is overlap within this series as Ewers kept multiple copies of his slides in various locations. This series also includes audiotapes of conferences and symposia at which Ewers spoke and three scrapbooks. Of note are original pencil and ink drawings from his book, The Horse in Blackfoot Culture, in Series XV. Transcripts of oral history interviews with John Canfield Ewers are also available at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Arrangement note:
This collection was organized into 15 series - Correspondence, Research & Subject Files, Research Projects, Trips and Presentations, Artists of the Old West, North American Indian Art, Plains Sculpture Book, Berlandier Project, Smithsonian Institution, National Park Service, Personal, Writings by Ewers, Audiovisual Materials, Card Files, and Art Work.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Canfield Ewers (1909-1997) earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College in 1931 and an M.A. in Anthropology from Yale University in 1934. Ewers began his career in museums as a Field Curator for the National Park Service. He helped design exhibits at Vicksburg National Battlefield and Ocmulgee National Monument among others. In 1941, the Bureau of Indian Affairs hired Ewers to design and establish the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana. After a short stint in the Navy during World War II, Ewers joined the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. He worked at the Smithsonian for over fifty years in numerous capacities including Director of the National Museum of History and Technology (now called the National Museum of American History). Ewers' research dealt with the Plains Indians and the Blackfoot tribe in particular. Ewers wrote several books on a wide variety of topics including White artists depictions of Native Americans, Plains Indian sculpture, and the horse in Blackfoot Indian culture.
Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Occupation:
Artists  Search this
Topic:
Ethnohistory  Search this
Carving  Search this
American Indians -- Plains  Search this
Artists -- United States -- West -- Biography  Search this
American Indians -- Clothing  Search this
American Indians -- arts and crafts  Search this
Museums -- History -- Exhibitions  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Repatriation  Search this
Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-35
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a79ed527-de46-4681-a92d-bd23575f45f5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-35

MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"

Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
37 Items (drawings pasted onto 19 mounts, graphite and ink, mounts 18 x 22 cm.-36 x 24 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
These are the original drawings that accompanied Edwin Thompson Denig's 451 page manuscript, entitled "Report to Hon. Isaac I. Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, on the Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri, by Edwin Thompson Denig." The drawings depict utensils, tools, game pieces, plants, warfare, hunting, a tipi, a scalp dance, and a map. Five of the drawings are attributed to anonymous Assiniboine artists. The drawings that are not attributed to the Assiniboine may have been drawn by Edwin T. Denig. All of the drawings were likely created between 1853 and 1854, while Denig was working on the report. Records indicate that his original manuscript included 15 pages ink drawings. The manuscript was published in 1930, in the Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Prior to being photographed for the publication, the 15 pages of drawings were trimmed into 39 smaller drawings, which were subsequently arranged and pasted onto 19 mounts. Included with the drawings is typed page identifying the drawings as "Original sketches for Plates 64-80 and Figs. 30-35 of Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri," edited by J.N.B. Hewitt, BAE-AR 46, Washington, D.C., 1930. " The page also contains a list of negative numbers.
Biographical / Historical:
Edwin T. Denig was born on March 10, 1812 in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. He entered the fur trade in 1833 as an employee of the American Fur Company. He would be employeed in the fur trade for the next 23 years. During this period he worked at Fort Pierre and Fort Union, eventually rising to the position of bourgeois at the latter post. In 1854 he authored a 451 page manuscript, entitled "Report to Hon. Isaac I. Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, on the Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri, by Edwin Thompson Denig." Denig left Fort Union in 1856. He died on September 4, 1858 near the city of Winnipeg, Canada. For further biographic information, see Edwin Thompson Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri: Sioux, Arickaras, Assiniboines, Crees, and Crows (edited and with an introduction by John C. Ewers), University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.
Fort Union trading post was constructed by the American Fur Company in 1828 and was located near the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers. It was established to open trade with the Assiniboine, yet it served a variety of tribes, including the Crow, Arikara, Mandan, Hidatsa, Plains Cree, Chippewa, Blackfeet, and Sioux. These tribes exchanged beaver pelts and buffalo robes for trade goods at Fort Union. In 1866, the trading post was sold to the Northwestern Fur Company. A year later, the United States Army purchased the facility, which it subsequently dismantled. For further information, see: National Park Service, Fort Union Trading Post: Grandest Fort on the Missouri http://www.nps.gov/fous/history.htm Edwin Thompson Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri: Sioux, Arickaras, Assiniboines, Crees, and Crows (edited and with an introduction by John C. Ewers), University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2600-b-1

OPPS NEG 42,514
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 000
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2600B1
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3079849a3-f0ac-4ed4-a8be-831ab919e1aa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2600b1
Online Media:

Anonymous Assiniboine drawing of musical instruments

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and ink, mounted on paper, 13 x 19 cm., mount 18 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "1 Hoop Drum Head", "2 Hoop Drum Other Side", "3 Log Drum Head", "4 Gourd Rattle", "5 Doctors Rattle Chi-chi-quoin", "6 Doctors Rattle", "7 Brave's Rattle", "8 Deer Hoof Rattle", "9 Flute", "10 Whistle", "11 Gourd Rattle".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689300

OPPS NEG 99-10376

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 001
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fd5f6d3d-0277-41df-973c-20332568367c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref1

Anonymous Assiniboine drawing of an Assiniboine running a buffalo

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 14 x 23 cm, mount 18 x 28 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1854
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads "An Assiniboine running a Buffalo. Drawn by an Assiniboine warrior and hunter. Fort Union Jan. 16. 1854."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690200

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 42514
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 010
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31cf8a2d6-ee6d-4020-bef7-8a47bf43d81b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref10

Anonymous Assiniboine drawing of scalp dance

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 14 x 23 cm, mount 18 x 28 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads "Scalp dance. Drawn by an Assiniboine warrior. Fort Union Nov. 10. 1853."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690300

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 42514-E
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 011
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d2af066d-264a-4d30-a592-3a41b7d1c04d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref11

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of Assiniboine bowl game

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (drawings on 1 mount, ink, mounted on paper, mount 28 x 18 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Diagram of plays of the game of the bowl (cos-soo) with representations of crow's claws, stones, china, vest buttons, and brass tack heads.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690400

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 012
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30f3dd534-1282-4014-b6aa-8450570728e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref12

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of Assiniboine game

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (drawings on 1 mount, graphite and ink, mounted on paper, mount 28 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Diagram of plays of the "chun-kan-dee" game with representations of blank and marked sticks.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690500

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 013
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aaaf8bcb-d3df-48cd-a0b1-ffe8668c4586
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref13

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of tipi frame and completed tipi decorated with animal designs

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (drawings on 1 mount, graphite and ink, mounted on paper, top drawing 14 x 10 cm., bottom drawing 26 x 17 cm., mount 29 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "Lodge Poles set up", " Lodge Erected", and "Entrance."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690600

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 014
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c9626f82-d65f-478d-bbe5-46ff727a2025
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref14

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of interior of tipi and its surroundings

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 21 x 19 cm., mount 29 x 23 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Door", "Kettles", "Pans", "Meat", "Grandmother", "Man of the Lodge", "His Eldest wife", "Their children", "Visitors and Strangers", "Brothers-in-law and other relatives", "Female relatives and visitors", "The other wives of the master", "Gun", "Baggage", "Grandfather or uncle", "Dressed skins, etc", "Meat and other baggage", "water", "Medicine Sack and Shield outside", "Dogs outside though each side the door against the lodge.", "Large quantities of fresh meat on scaffold outside covered with raw hides", "wood outside near the door".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690700

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 42514-B
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 015
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3333c0a37-e620-47ff-8f94-00f81fff9630
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref15

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of mounted Assiniboine warrior in costume stabbing Blackfoot

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 23 x 14 cm., mount 29 x 18 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1854
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "Drawn by an Assiniboine Warrior. Fort Union Jan.16. 1854."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690800

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 42514-A
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 016
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30f14a296-9b2d-413e-b359-bdba2bbe973a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref16

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of pictographs describing a battle scene

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 17 x 26 cm., mount 20 x 30 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Pictographs
Date:
ca. 1853
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690900

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 017
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Pictographs -- Assiniboin
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31b489771-643a-4ce4-87dd-4247779b595c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref17

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of pictographs describing a battle scene

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 28 x 18 cm., mount 31 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Various aspects of the drawing have been numbered 1-11.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08691000

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 018
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a29fa2da-2be1-455d-bcfc-f1b4a5bf6309
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref18

Anonymous Assiniboine map of north side of Missouri River from Fort Union to Fort Benton

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, drawing 31 x 20 cm., mount 36 x 24 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Maps
Date:
1853 December 27
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Map of the north side of the Missouri river from Fort Union, mouth of the Yellow Stone, to Fort Benton, mouth of the Maria, drawn by an Assiniboine warrior at Fort Union Dec. 27.1853. The artist was not acquainted with the country on the south side of the Mo. The dotted line is their usual war path to the Blackfeet. Names of rivers & c. written under his direction and explanation." Features on the map are inscribed "Fort Union", "Creek", "Trade Houses", "Bourbeuse R.", "Road to War", "Quaking Asp R.", "Milk River", "North Fork", "Pine Mts.", "War Path", "Bear Paw M.", "Sweet smeling Grass Mounts", "Maria River", "Rocky Mountains", "Fort Benton", "Maria R.", "Teton River", "Missouri River", and "Perpetual Snow Mountains.".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08691100

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 019
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Maps
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e54857a5-d2f2-49ac-aa54-5ab2130a2634
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref19

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of pictographs depicting a trail and camp and a diagram of a council lodge

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (drawings on 1 mount, ink, mounted on paper, left drawing 18 x 18 cm., diam. right drawing 9 cm., mount 15 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Pictographs
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Figures in the left drawing have been numbered 1-8. The diagram depicts the lodge where E. T. Denig met with Assiniboin leaders, with a calumet indicating the location of the leading chief.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689401

NAA INV 08689402

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 002
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Pictographs -- Assiniboin
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c63bd4b0-de41-4cbc-b789-3fc0f77cf920
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref2
Online Media:

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of hunting scene and camp equipment

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (drawings on 1 mount, ink, mounted on paper, left drawing 14 x 14 cm., right drawing 14 x 13 cm., mount 21 x 31 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
1853 November 10
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "Drawings by an Assiniboine Indian. Fort Union Nov. 10. 1853.", "Lodge", "Dog Travoille", "Bear", "Man Shooting a Bear.", "Dog", "Elk", "Medicine Pole and Sack".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689500

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 003
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e5236f2d-aa3a-467c-aeeb-7310e3e2c7bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref3

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of Arikara ear ornament and cooking vessels from several tribes

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (drawings on 1 mount, graphite and ink, mounted on paper, mount 18 x 28 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Arickara Ear Ornament", "Arickara Clay Pot", "Clay Corn Mortar", "Grossventre Stone Mortar", "Assiniboine Buffalo Horn Spoon", "Assiniboine Big Horn Spoon, 3 pints".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689601

NAA INV 08689602

NAA INV 08689603

NAA INV 08689604

NAA INV 08689605

OPPS NEG 99-10372

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 004
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32baf07bc-e66e-4386-91fa-606c847dae3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref4
Online Media:

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of characteristic Assiniboine implements

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and ink, mounted on paper, 20 x 17 cm., mount 26 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Stone Hatchet", "Stone War Club", "Stone Arrow Point", "Shoulder Blade Axe", "Hump Rib Knife", "Assinboine Snow Show", "Assiniboine War Lance", "Elk Horn Bow".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689700

NAA MS 2600-B-1
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 005
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f19b974f-9f47-4951-bd7b-213f3399206d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref5

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of medicinal roots

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (drawings on 1 mount, ink, mounted on paper, top drawing 10 x 12 cm., bottom drawing 13 x 12 cm., mount 28 x 18 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Comb Root. Racine Noir. E-pach-cha-hoo" and "Cat's Tail. Hint-kah-koo. Racine de Quenouille".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689800

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 99-10374
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 006
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b4bc05ed-6360-445d-8ead-3531b932c36a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref6

Anonymous Assiniboine drawings of calumets and related implements

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, top drawing 19 x 18 cm., mount 29 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Probe", "Tobacco Sack", "Ghost or Charm Sack", "Calumet Pipe uncovered", "Calumet Pipe enveloped". Portions of the uncovered pipe are labelled A-D.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08689900

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 99-10375
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 007
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3560bb4f9-70b6-41b2-beaf-30bc2c2d24c7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref7

Anonymous Assiniboine map of buffalo park

Annotator:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Collection Collector:
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (ink, mounted on paper, top drawing 29 x 20 cm., mount 35 x 24 cm.)
Culture:
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Maps
Date:
ca. 1853
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "A The park below the bluffs", "BB A high range of hills", "C Gaps or opening thru the hills & descend to the park", "D A person on horseback leading in the buffaloe", "E Buffaloe on the level prairie behind the bluffs, and enclosed within the lines", "F Dirt and stones thrown up about 3 ft high and men lying down concealed behind them", "G The buffalo having passed the stations of these, they close in behind them", " Indian camp in the valley below the bluffs".
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08690000

NAA MS 2600-B-1

OPPS NEG 42514-F
Place:
United States North Dakota Fort Union.
United States Dakota Territory Fort Union.
Album Information:
MS 2600B1 008
Topic:
Assiniboin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Maps
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2600-b-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2600-b-1 Anonymous Assiniboine drawings to illustrate Edwin Denig's "Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33cc83920-aa98-4788-884e-e24536e06dd4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2600b1-ref8

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