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Golf gas pump and laundry, near Andover, Maine

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
6 7/8 x 9 3/4 in.
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940, printed 1986
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Howard Greenberg
Object number:
2020.67.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk774189206-55c9-4347-85e4-27cb4f12a39d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.67.1

Barker at the Grounds at the Vermont Fair, Rutland, Vermont

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/4 in. (25.4 × 33.7 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.35
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7d5bdff46-d42f-4bd3-8c0b-fc8653f1a4f6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.35

Sawmill at the Greensboro Lumber Co., Greensboro, Georgia

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 1/8 × 13 1/4 in. (25.7 × 33.7 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.6 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.36
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk710d97f9b-21b1-4827-aec3-e99218fccd2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.36

Brockton, Massachusetts, Second-Hand Plumbing Store

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/8 in. (25.4 × 33.3 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.37
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk70ec1e263-027a-4df0-bcde-3a4c501e80d1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.37

Federal Housing Project on the Outskirts of the Town of Yuacca, Puerto Rico

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/8 in. (25.4 × 33.3 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.38
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk70b145068-7e73-43ba-8d26-c1b89090d19d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.38

Side Show at the Vermont State Fair, Rutland

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm) sheet: 10 × 13 in. (25.4 × 33.2 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.39
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7a3244c98-b717-408f-8159-47e1ff382f3a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.39

At the Vermont State Fair, Rutland

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/4 in. (25.4 × 33.7 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.40
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7f99c8474-a201-4046-9367-8b2122189f16
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.40

The Greensboro Lumber Co., Greensboro, Georgia

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 13 1/8 in. × 10 in. (33.3 × 25.4 cm) image: 10 × 7 in. (25.4 × 17.8 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.41
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk79209a09e-25dd-4b4c-86c7-15351c27f9b9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.41

Street Scene (Christiansted, St. Croix Island, Virgin Islands)

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 × 13 in. (25.4 × 33 cm) image: 6 1/2 in. × 10 in. (16.5 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.43
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7b9b985f2-f6f4-4048-8d10-b91e14b6f76d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.43

A Starch Factory Along the Aroostock River, Aroostock County, Maine

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/4 in. (25.4 × 33.7 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.47
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7a140430d-38f2-499e-a6ea-df8b7c25251e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.47

A Woman Painting a View of the Shenandoah Valley from the Skyline Drive, Virginia

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/4 in. (25.4 × 33.7 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
ca. 1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.48
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7b43924b2-1a87-4a02-b122-ba5675ee5d17
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.48

Tobacco Country, Vicinity of Barranguitas, Puerto Rico

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/8 in. (25.4 × 33.3 cm) image: 7 × 10 in. (17.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.50
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7bf6c426c-5715-4d73-a469-211ecc21ebb4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.50

Stonington, Connecticut

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 1/8 × 13 1/2 in. (25.7 × 34.3 cm) image: 7 1/8 × 10 1/2 in. (18.1 × 26.7 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.51
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7d1feb5fb-18b2-4497-a228-3c5fb66ea5b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.51

A Square with Old Houses in an Old Fishing Village, Stonington, Connecticut

Artist:
Jack Delano, born Kiev, Russia (now Kiev, Ukraine) 1914-died San Juan, Puerto Rico 1997  Search this
Medium:
dye transfer print
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 in. × 13 1/8 in. (25.4 × 33.3 cm) image: 6 7/8 in. × 10 in. (17.5 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
Photography
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of Mr. Lee Minichiello and Mr. J. Kent Minichiello)
Object number:
2020.20.53
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7272a43dd-10d2-459d-b93e-4cd3525fcbb9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2020.20.53

Jack Delano papers, 1939-1943

Creator:
Delano, Jack, 1914-1997  Search this
Subject:
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
United States  Search this
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9300
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211495
AAA_collcode_delajack
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211495

Roy Emerson Stryker papers [microfilm]

Creator:
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Names:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Collier, John, Jr., 1913-1992  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Locke, Edwin  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Extent:
9 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Date:
1932-1964
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting Stryker's career as the head of the Farm Security Administration's photographic section, including correspondence with John Collier, Jack Delano, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, Edwin Locke, Arthur Rothstein, John Vachon, Marion Post Wolcott and others; reports; articles on Stryker and the FSA; publications; speeches; photographs and miscellaneous materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Director of the Farm Security Administration Historical Section; Washington, D.C. Under Stryker the Photographic project of the FSA documented the drought, poverty and despair of rural and urban America during the Depression.
Provenance:
Papers lent for microfilming 1963-1966 by Roy Stryker.
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Documentary photography -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stryroyp
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stryroyp

Farm Security Administration (FSA) selected records and photographs

Creator:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Names:
Collier, John, Jr., 1913-1992  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Mydans, Carl  Search this
Rosskam, Edwin, 1903-1985  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (Textual records: 2 partial microfilm reels)
218 Items (Photographs)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1942
Scope and Contents:
Scattered textual records selected from the Farm Security Administration, Historical Section records at the Library of Congress and the Farmers Home Administration records at the National Archives primarily revolving around activities of Roy Stryker. Included are personnel and travel records, typescripts of photograph captions, correspondence, memoranda, files on public relations and exhibits, and printed material.
218 copy prints of photographs of America taken for the FSA, including landscapes, people, homes and other architecture, rural scenes, urban scenes, workers, products of farm and industry, transportation, entertainment, and the Quarter Circle U Ranch, Birney, Montana. Photographers include: Arthur Rothstein, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, John Collier, Marion Post Wolcott, Jack Delano, Russell Lee, John Vachon, Ben Shahn, Carl Mydans, and Edwin Rosskam.
Biographical / Historical:
Established 1935 in the Resettlement Administration Historical Section's photographic project to document poverty stricken rural America under the direction of Roy E. Stryker. In 1937, Roosevelt established the FSA, and the Resettlement Administration and its programs fell under its auspices. The Historical Section of the Resettlement Administration remained intact under the FSA, and continued its photographic survey and historical documentation under Stryker's direction.
After 1942, the photographs project was transplanted to the Office War Information, and the emphasis of the project shifted from rural and urban conditions throughout Depression-era U.S. to the domestic impact of the war. In 1946, Congress created the Farmers Home Administration (FHA) which absorbed the FSA and its programs.
Related Materials:
Additional FSA-OWI records located at: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division (microfilm available at LC)
Additional Stryker papers located at: Photographic Archives University of Louisville, Louisville, Ky. 40208
Provenance:
Microfilm and copy prints donated by the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, 1965.
Reel FSA/WDC2: Record Group 96, textual records of the Farmers Home Administration include the records of the FSA, predecessor to the FHA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers  Search this
Topic:
Photography -- United States -- Landscape -- Photographs  Search this
Photography -- United States -- Portraits -- Photographs  Search this
Architectural photography -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- Photographs  Search this
Art and state -- United States  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.unstfsad
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-unstfsad

Ben Shahn papers

Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Names:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Dugan, Alan  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Ferry, W. Hawkins  Search this
Francis, Arlene  Search this
Friendly, Fred W.  Search this
Gusten, Theodore, 1899-1978  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Kingman, Dong, 1911-  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Lionni, Leo, 1910-  Search this
MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982  Search this
Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987  Search this
Mydans, Carl  Search this
Nakashima, George, 1905-  Search this
Nakashima, Marian  Search this
Odets, Clifford, 1906-1963  Search this
Osborn, Robert Chesley, 1904-1994  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robbins, Jerome  Search this
Rodman, Selden, 1909-  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Soby, James Thrall, 1906-1979  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
24.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Sketches
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1879-1990
bulk 1933-1970
Summary:
The papers of social realist painter, photographer, illustrator, printmaker, and teacher Ben Shahn (1898-1969) measure 24.8 linear feet and date from 1879-1990, with the bulk of the material dating from 1933-1970. The bulk of the collection consists of over 14 linear feet of incoming letters from artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Also found are biographical materials, project and source files, printed material, artwork by Shahn and others, photographs taken of and by Shahn, interview transcripts, sound recordings of interviews and a motion picture film.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of social realist painter, photographer, illustrator, printmaker, and teacher Ben Shahn (1898-1969) measure 24.8 linear feet and date from 1879-1990, with the bulk of the material dating from 1933-1970. The bulk of the collection consists of over 14 linear feet of incoming letters from artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Also found are biographical materials, project and source files, printed material, artwork by Shahn and others, photographs taken of and by Shahn, interview transcripts, sound recordings of interviews and a motion picture film.

Biographical material and family records include a 1924 passport for Shahn and his first wife, Tillie, biographical sketches of Shahn, and award certificates received by him.

Letters are primarily written to Shahn from family members, artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Notable correspondents include Leonard Baskin, Alexander Calder, Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, Joseph Hirsch, Leo Lionni, John Bartlow Martin, George and Marian Nakashima, Clifford Odets, Charles Olson, Robert Osborn, Diego Rivera, Jerome Robbins, Selden Rodman, James Thrall Soby, Raphael Soyer, and William Carlos Williams. A small number of scattered letters from Shahn can also be found throughout the series.

Project files document approximately twenty-one of Shahn's commissions, including murals for the community center at Jersey Homesteads, the Bronx Central Annex Post Office, the Social Security Building in Washington D.C. , and the William E. Grady Vocational High School. The files also document his involvement in the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Roosevelt, in addition to projects for schools, temples and private homes.

Financial and legal records include consignment records, loan agreements, royalty statements and receipts for artwork sold.

Notes and writings are by Shahn and others including Alan Dugan, W. H. Ferry, Theodore Gusten, and John Bartlow Martin. They include lists of artwork, many of which are annotated.

Artwork includes a sketchbook and several unbound sketches and lettering by Shahn, in addition to drawings and prints by others including Shahn's children, Mario Casetta and Stefan Martin.

Source files contain printed material and photographs relating to topics depicted by Shahn in his artwork such as children, dams, farming, houses, industry, mines and miners, slums, war and workers. These files also contain scattered photographic prints by FSA and OWI photographers including Shahn, Jack Delano, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, Carl Mydans, Marion Post Wolcott, Arthur Rothstein, and John Vachon.

Printed material includes news clippings covering Shahn and his career as well as subjects of interest to Shahn. Also found are exhibition catalogs and announcements for exhibitions for Shahn and others, and reproductions of Shahn's artwork including publications illustrated by him.

Photographs are of Shahn, his family and friends and colleagues including Alexander Calder, Jerome Robbins, Charles Sheeler, David Smith and William Zorach. Also included are photographs taken by Shahn of New York City and for the FSA in the 1930s, as well as photographs of artwork by Shahn. Photographs by others include one photo each by Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee and Arthur Rothstein.

The collection also contains transcripts of eight radio, television and motion picture interviews of Shahn and a reel of 16mm motion picture film from the BBC-TV program "Monitor," in addition to sound recordings of interviews of Shahn by Tony Schwartz and Arlene Francis. Artifacts include a Christmas greeting in the form of a sock.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 12 series:

Series 1: Biographical and Family Records, 1879-1984 (Box 1, OV 36; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 2: Letters, 1929-1990 (Boxes 1-25, 35, OVs 36-38; 14.4 linear ft.)

Series 3: Project Files, 1933-1975 (Boxes 25-26; OVs 36-37; 1.03 linear ft.)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, 1934-1988 (Boxes 26-27, 35; 0.81 linear ft.)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, circa 1933-1988 (Boxes 27-28; 1.62 linear ft.)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1930s-1965 (Boxes 28, 35; 11 folders)

Series 7: Source Files, circa 1900s-1960s (Boxes 28-30, 35; 1.81 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1912-1988 (Boxes 30-33, 35, OV 39; 3.22 linear ft.)

Series 9: Photographs, circa 1900-1969 (Boxes 33-35; 0.86 linear ft.)

Series 10: Interview Transcripts, 1943-1968 (Box 34; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 11: Audio and Video Recordings, 1959-1968 (Box 34; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 34; 2 items)
Biographical/Historical note:
Ben Shahn (1898-1969) was a social realist painter, muralist, printmaker, photographer, illustrator, and teacher who worked primarily in Brooklyn, New York and New Jersey. He was most active in the 1930s through the 1950s and worked on several federally funded arts projects, including the Farm Security Administration's photographic documentation project of rural America during the Depression.

Ben Shahn was born in Kovno, Lithuania and immigrated with his family to the United States in 1906 where he settled in Brooklyn, and later Roosevelt, New Jersey, after becoming a naturalized citizen in 1918.

Following an apprenticeship as a lithographer from 1913-1917, Shahn studied at New York University, the City College of New York, and the National Academy of Design from 1919-1922. He married Tillie Goldstein in 1922 and they had two children, Judith and Ezra.

Two years after Shahn's first solo exhibition at the Downtown Gallery in 1930, his Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti, a series of 23 gouaches about the Sacco and Vanzetti trial of the 1920s, was exhibited at the Downtown Gallery to critical and public acclaim. The exhibition marked the beginning of Shahn's reputation as one of the most important social realist painters in America. Shahn's commitment to social and political justice found a natural outlet in mural painting when, in 1933, he was hired to assist Diego Rivera on the labor and industry mural Man at the Crossroads, for New York City's Rockefeller Center. The mural was destroyed amid controversy in 1933 before it was completed, but Shahn had learned much about the art of fresco painting during the project and was inspired by the potential of the mural as a unique art form for presenting life's struggles and stories to a large public audience. Between 1933 and 1937 Shahn worked on various murals for other buildings, including New York's Central Park Casino (circa 1934) and Riker's Island Prison (1934), none of which saw completion. In 1937, however, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) commissioned Shahn to execute a mural for the Community Center in the town of Jersey Homesteads, later Roosevelt, New Jersey, which Shahn completed in 1938. Shahn settled in Jersey Homesteads the following year and remained there for the rest of his life. Other important mural commissions followed for the Bronx Central Post office (1939) and the Social Security Building in Washington DC (1942).

One of Shahn's assistants on the Jersey Homesteads mural was Bernarda Bryson, whom he had met in 1933 when she came to New York to interview Rivera about the Rockefeller Center mural controversy for an Ohio newspaper. Shahn and Bryson became lifetime companions and had three children, Susanna, Jonathan and Abigail, although they did not marry until shortly before Shahn's death in 1969. Shahn and Tillie Goldstein were divorced in 1944.

Shahn had enrolled with the federal Public Works of Art Project in 1934, and between 1935 and 1938 he and Bryson travelled across country as Shahn photographed poverty-stricken areas and documented rural life for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and the Resettlement Agency. Shahn's interest in photography developed in the early 1930s when, encouraged by his friendship with Walker Evans, he began photographing street scenes and people in New York City. He later used the images as the basis for many of his prints and paintings.

In 1942 Shahn began working for the Office of War Information (OWI) and was instructed to produce posters and pamphlets explaining to citizens the necessities of wartime, such as the need for secrecy and food rationing. Ultimately, only two of Shahn's posters were ever used; the rest were rejected as being too harsh for their intended audience. Shahn later worked for the Congress of Industrial Organization Political Action Committee (CIO-PAC), producing posters for the 1944 campaign to re-elect Roosevelt, who he believed in deeply. He was promoted to director of the CIO's Graphic Arts Division for the 1946 congressional campaign following Roosevelt's death, but that job ended when the election went poorly for the Democratic party.

Shahn returned increasingly to painting and a retrospective of his work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in 1947. He also became more active in academia as an accomplished writer, teacher and lecturer. He received honorary doctorates from Princeton University and Harvard University, and become the Charles Eliot Norton professor at Harvard in 1956. Shahn's Norton lectures were collected and published as the influential The Shape of Content in 1957. He also began to work as a commercial artist for a variety of companies and publications including CBS, Time, Harper's, and the Container Corporation of America. Shahn believed, however, that the artist's ideas and integrity must always be reflected in his commercial art. He refused to compromise on this point and was very selective in his choice of commercial commissions. Shahn illustrated many books and articles, designed sets for stage productions such as New York Export: Opus Jazz, choreographed by Jerome Robbins, and designed mural mosaics for synagogues, universities and private homes.

Since the 1930s Shahn had been represented by Edith Halpert at the Downtown Gallery, but his relationship with her was always contentious on the subject of payments Shahn received for commercial work, and became increasingly so as his income from such sources increased. Finally, in 1968, Shahn wrote to Halpert telling her that after ten years of "an accumulation of ill-feeling, discomfort and recrimination between us" he felt compelled to end their dealer-artist relationship.

By the time of Shahn's break with Halpert his health had begun to fail. He died of a heart attack following surgery in a New York City hospital on March 14, 1969.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art holds four oral history interviews with Ben Shahn: 1964 Apr. 14 interview conducted by Richard K. Doud for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project in which Shahn speaks of his travels and work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and the American image as portrayed by FSA; 1965 Jan. 17 interview; 1965 Oct. 3. interview conducted by Harlan Phillips for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project; and 1968 Sept. 27 interview conducted by Forrest Selvig. Most of these interviews have transcripts available online.

The Archives also holds the Bernarda Bryson Shahn papers, circa 1947-2005, and two oral history interviews with Bernarda Bryson Shahn: 1983 Apr. 29 and 1995 July 3.
Separated Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel N70-6) including addresses and essays by Shahn, seven royalty statements, and three letters from publishers. Many of the writings found on this reel were included in subsequent donations. All other lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Ben Shahn papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in several installments between 1967-1991 by Shahn's widow, Bernarda Bryson Shahn who also lent materials for microfilming in 1969. Jean Shahn, Ben Shahn's daughter-in-law and estate representative, donated one additional sketch in 2018.
Restrictions:
Access to original papers requires an appointment. Access to audiovisual recording with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Printmakers -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Photographers -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Sketches
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.shahben
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shahben
Online Media:

Jack Delano papers

Creator:
Delano, Jack  Search this
Names:
United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Extent:
75 Items ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
Date:
1939-1943
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, mostly with Roy Stryker, Chief of the Historical Section of the Farm Security Administration. Stryker gives Delano his field assignments as a traveling photographer; discusses FSA policy, photographic techniques; his own philosophy about the work; change in budget and focus because of defense emphases; the war; subjects to photograph; activities of other personnel; and personal matters.
Biographical / Historical:
Illustrator, photographer; New York, N.Y. Born 1914. Delano was a photographer for the Farm Security Administration photography project which documented urban and rural America during the Depression.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1965 by Jack Delano.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American Art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Photographers  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Photography  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.delajack
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-delajack

Oral history interview with Jack and Irene Delano

Interviewee:
Delano, Jack  Search this
Delano, Irene, 1919-  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
United States. Farm Security Administration.Historical Section.Photographs  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson, 1893-1975  Search this
Extent:
63 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 June 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jack and Irene Delano in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico, conducted 1965 June 12, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art.
Delano speaks of his arts background and his background in photography; an early project photographing Pennsylvania coal miners; how he became associated with the Farm Security Administration; Roy Stryker's guidance; the growth of the project; how the FSA affected him personally; problems he had on assignments; significant experiences in the field; Stryker as an administrator; some areas he covered and his memories of them; the value of the project; his post-FSA career. Delano's wife, Irene, is also present and speaks of her own contribution to the project.
Biographical / Historical:
Jack Delano (1914-1997) was a photographer from Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav file. Duration is 2 hr., 22 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Photographers -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.delano65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-delano65

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