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Acee Blue Eagle papers

Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Mae  Search this
Beaver, Fred  Search this
Bosin, Blackbear, 1921-1980  Search this
Campbell, Walter S.  Search this
Dale, Edward E.  Search this
Debo, Angie, 1890-1988  Search this
Dja, Devi  Search this
Echohawk, Brummett T., 1922-2006  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. (Charles Herron), 1913-1985  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Field, Dorothy  Search this
Gilcrease, Thomas, 1890-1962  Search this
Houser, Allan, 1914-1994  Search this
Howe, Oscar, 1915-1983  Search this
Jackson, Oscar B.  Search this
Lemos, Pedro de  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Martinez, Julian, -1943  Search this
Martínez, María Montoya  Search this
McCombs, Solomon, 1913-1980 (Creek)  Search this
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Mirabel, Eva  Search this
Momaday, Al  Search this
Pond, Charles E.  Search this
Rowan, Edward B.  Search this
Shears, Glen E.  Search this
Sheets, Nan  Search this
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Sunrise, Riley  Search this
Te Ata  Search this
Whitehorse, Roland Noah, 1920-1998  Search this
Extent:
673 Paintings (visual works) (approximate)
30 Linear feet (55 document boxes and 8 oversize boxes)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings (visual works)
Date:
1907 - 1975
Summary:
Acee Blue Eagle was a Pawnee-Creek artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. The papers relate to both Blue Eagle's personal and professional life. Also included are some materials of Blue Eagle's friend Mae Abbott and a collection of art by other Indians.
Scope and Contents:
This collection reflects the life and work of Acee Blue Eagle, internationally famed Indian artist of Oklahoma. Identified for his brilliant paintings of tribal ceremonies, legend and dance, Blue Eagle's work is represented in numerous private collections and museums both in this country and abroad.

A portion of the papers contains correspondence. Fan mail written by school children to Chief Blue Eagle of the Chief Blue Eagle television program is included. Letters regarding Blue Eagle's participation in Indian festivals and events, art shows and exhibitions, speaking engagements on Indian life and culture are found in the collection. Personal correspondence is included; most frequent correspondents are Devi Dja, Mae Abbott, and Charles E. Pond. There are approximately 100 letters from Devi Dja, approximately 90 to or from Mae Abbott, and approximately 36 from Charles E. Pond. Some letters addressed to these individuals from other friends and acquaintances are also within this collection.

Photographs comprise a large portion of the Blue Eagle collection. Included are not only portraits of the artist himself and photographs of his art work, but a large number of prints of Blue Eagle in full costume and other Indians engaged in tribal ceremonies, identified by tribe, whenever possible. Photographs of Mae Abbott, Devi Dja and the latter's Balinese dance troupe are identified. A file of negatives is arranged in the same subject order as the prints. Newspaper and magazine clippings regarding Blue Eagle's work and activities are also included in the collection. These clippings have not been arranged. In addition, Mae Abbott's recipes and notes for her cookbook, wood blocks, greeting cards and other miscellaneous publications can be found in the collection. These items have been sorted but not arranged.

Within the collection are also over 600 pieces of artwork. A good number are by Blue Eagle while most are by other Native artists. Artists whose are work are represented in the collection include Fred Beaver, Harrison Begay, Archie Blackowl, Woodrow Crumbo, Allan Houser, Ruthe Blalock Jones, Quicy Tahoma, Pablita Verde, and members of the Kiowa Five (Spencer Asah, James Auchiah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke).
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into six series: 1) Personal; 2) Collections; 3) Artwork; 4) Television; 5) Correspondence; 6) Photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Acee Blue Eagle was an artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. Born Alex C. McIntosh in 1907, Blue Eagle attended Indian schools in Anadarko, Nuyaka, and Euchee, Oklahoma, and the Haskell and Chilocco Indian schools. Advanced study came at Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma. At the latter, he studied with Oscar B. Jacobson. Privately he studied with Winold Reiss. Discrepancies exist in the records regarding his early life: born in either Anadarko or Hitchita, Oklahoma; he's cited as both Pawnee-Creek and 5/8 Creek without any Pawnee blood; his mother is either Mattie Odom, the first wife of Solomon McIntosh or Ella Starr, McIntosh's second wife.

A prolific painter who, for the sake of authenticity, carried out research in libraries and museums, Blue Eagle was an outstanding American Indian artist of the 1930s-1950s. His paintings hung in many exhibits, including the Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, 1932-1933; International Art Exhibition of Sport Subjects at Los Angeles, 1932; Chicago Century of Progress Exposition, 1934; a one-man show at the Young Galleries in Chicago; National Exhibition of Art at the Rockefeller Center in New York, 1936; a one-man show at the Washington, D.C., Arts Club, 1936; Museum of Modern Art, 1941; Northwest Art Exhibition at Spokane, Washington, 1944; a one-man show at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1953; An Exposition of American Indian Painters in New York, 1955; and a one-man show at the Philbrook Art Center in Tulsa, 1957. Between 1946 and 1965, over fifty galleries hung his paintings. Some pieces are among the permanent holdings of many institutions.

In 1934, Blue Eagle joined the Work Projects Administration (WPA) Public Works of Art Project, painting murals in public buildings. In 1935 at Oxford University, he participated in a program of the International Federation of Education and lectured on Indian art. A tour of Europe followed. He taught at Bacone Indian College from 1935-1938 where he founded the art program and became Director of Art. He also taught at the University of Kansas extension division in 1949 and Oklahoma State Technical College beginning in 1956. During World War II, he served in the United States Army Air Force; and, following the war, he spent a few years attempting to get into the movies. During 1946-1952, he was married to his second wife, a famous Balinese dancer, Devi Dja, and became involved in her career, an involvement that was briefly reflected in his art. However, Dja and Blue Eagle divorced and Blue Eagle lived with Mae Wadley Abbott for the last years of his life. During the 1950s, he had a television show for children on a Tulsa-Muskogee station. Acee Blue Eagle died on June 18, 1959 of a liver infection.

Sources Consulted

Martindale, Rob. Muskogee Paying Tribute to Blue Eagle. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

West, Juanita W. 1967. Acee Blue Eagle: A.C. McIntosh. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

1907 -- Born August 17, 1907 on the Wichita Reservation, north of Anadarko, Oklahoma

1928 -- Graduated Chilocco High School

1929-1934 -- Attended Bacone College, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State Tech

1935 -- Toured United States and Europe giving lecture-exhibition program, "Life and Character of the American Indian"

1935-1938 -- Established and headed art department at Bacone College at Muskogee

1936 -- Exhibited at the National Exhibition of Art, Rockefeller Center, New York

1942-1945 -- World War II, U.S. Air Force (Army)

1947-49 -- Free-lance work in New York and Chicago

1951-52 -- Artist-in-residence at Oklahoma Tech

1950-54 -- Conducted TV program, Muskogee, OklahomaToured U.S. West Coast exhibiting and lecturing about ways to improve TV programs for children

1958 -- Named Indian-of-the-Year by the American Indian Expostion at Anadarko, Oklahoma

1959 -- Died June 18, 1959
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to Acee Blue Eagle at the National Anthropological Archives include correspondence in the Solomon McCombs papers, 1914-1972, and correspondence with Betty Meilink under Manuscript 2011-20.
Provenance:
Acee Blue Eagle's private papers and collection of paintings were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Mrs. Mae Abbott of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Topic:
Indian art -- North America  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1973-51
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1973-51
Online Media:

And still the waters run : the betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes / Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xxxi, 417 pages, 10 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Indian Territory
Date:
1972
Topic:
Five Civilized Tribes--Government relations  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1087928

And still the waters run; the betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xxxi, 417 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Indian Territory
Date:
1973
[1973? c1940]
Topic:
Five Civilized Tribes--Government relations  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_714454

A history of the Indians of the United States / Angie Debo ; introduced by Shirley Leckie

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Leckie, Shirley A. 1937-  Search this
Folio Society (London, England)  Search this
Physical description:
xxxv, 490 pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2003
1970
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E77 .D287 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_738599

A history of the Indians of the United States / by Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 450 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
1984
[©1970, 1984 printing]
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_771939

Hidden treasures of the American West : Muriel H. Wright, Angie Debo, and Alice Marriott / Patricia Loughlin

Author:
Loughlin, Patricia 1971-  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Muriel H (Muriel Hazel) 1889-1975 Relations with Indians  Search this
Debo, Angie 1890-1988 Relations with Indians  Search this
Marriott, Alice Lee 1910-1992 Relations with Indians  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 234 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
2006
C2005
Topic:
Historiography  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Indians in literature--History and criticism  Search this
Women historians--History  Search this
Women authors--History  Search this
Call number:
E78.045 L68 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_792219

Angie Debo : pioneering historian / Shirley A. Leckie

Author:
Leckie, Shirley A. 1937-  Search this
Subject:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 242 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Oklahoma
Southwest, New
Date:
2000
C2000
Topic:
Historians  Search this
Historiography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_603917

The WPA guide to 1930s Oklahoma / compiled by the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oklahoma ; with a restored essay by Angie Debo and a new introduction by Anne Hodges Morgan

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oklahoma  Search this
Physical description:
xxxviii, 442 p., [64] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Guidebooks
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
1986
1941
1986, c1941
Call number:
F694 .R8 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_662304

History of the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez Indians / by H.B. Cushman ; edited, with a foreword, by Angie Debo ; introduction by Clara Sue Kidwell

Author:
Cushman, H. B (Horatio Bardwell) b. 1822  Search this
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
503 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
1962
C1999
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E99.C8 C92 1999X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563589

The rise and fall of the Choctaw Republic

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 314 p. illus., ports., maps, facsim. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1961
[1961]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_438142

The Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma; report on social and economic conditions

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Indian Rights Association  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 35 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
1951
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E78.O45D4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_233394

The cowman's Southwest; being the reminiscences of Oliver Nelson, freighter, camp cook, cowboy, frontiersman in Kansas, Indian Territory, Texas, and Oklahoma, 1878-1893. Edited by Angie Debo

Author:
Nelson, Oliver 1861-  Search this
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
343 p. illus., maps. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1953
Topic:
Frontier and pioneer life  Search this
Cowboys  Search this
Call number:
F596.N43X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_257511

And still the waters run, by Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
x p., 2 l., [3]-417 p. maps. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Indian Territory
Oklahoma
Date:
1940
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E78.I5D4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_260511

Oklahoma, foot-loose and fancy-free

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 258 p. illus., ports., map. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
1949
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F700.D4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_260841

And still the waters run : the betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes / Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xxxi, 417 p., [10] leaves of plates : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Indian Territory
Date:
1984
1940
[1984], c1940
Topic:
Five Civilized Tribes--Government relations  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E78.I5D4 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_261467

The rise and fall of the Choctaw republic [by] Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xvi p., 1 l., 314 p., 1 l. front., illus. (maps) plates, ports., facsim. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1934
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E99.C8D4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_263482

The road to disappearance, by Angie Debo ..

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xii p., 3 l., [3]-399, [1] p. illus. (maps) plates, ports., diagr. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1941
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E99.C9D4X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_263583

A history of the Indians of the United States

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 386 pages illustrations, portraits 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
1970
[1970]
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E77 .D287
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_5232

Geronimo : the man, his time, his place / by Angie Debo

Author:
Debo, Angie 1890-1988  Search this
Subject:
Geronimo 1829-1909  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 480 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
[1976], c1975
Call number:
E99.A6 G324 1976X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_78931

Great Apache chiefs, Cochise and Geronimo / Edwin R. Sweeney and Angie Debo

Title:
Cochise and Geronimo
Author:
Sweeney, Edwin R (Edwin Russell) 1950-  Search this
Debo, Angie 1890-1988 Geronimo : the man, his time, his place  Search this
Sweeney, Edwin R (Edwin Russell) 1950- Cochise : Chiricahua Apache chief  Search this
Subject:
Cochise Apache chief 1805?-1874  Search this
Geronimo 1829-1909  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. in 1 : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1996
[1996]
19th century
Topic:
History  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_975558

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