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Audio Log Sheets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: American Folklore Society Centennial / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5603c05dc-94c1-46e0-9b6d-2ef2cafc6f3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1988-ref2018
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Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park

Former owner:
Allen, John  Search this
Starling, Lyne  Search this
State of Ohio  Search this
Garden designer:
Mason, James T.  Search this
Present owner:
Columbus Recreation and Parks Department  Search this
Former occupants:
Ohio State Deaf and Dumb Institute  Search this
Provenance:
Little Garden Club of Columbus  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, landscape plan, artist's statement, color copy of article on Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on The Ille De La Grand Jatte," magazine article, histories of Deaf School Park, topiary plant list, and a survey.
General:
The 10-acre garden began in 1989 by the Columbus Recreation and Parks Department. It is a recreation in sculpted shrubbery (topiary) of French artist Georges Seurat's famous oil painting "A Sunday Afternoon on The Ile De La Grand Jatte" (1884-1886) owned by the Art of Chicago, Illinois. The topiary project was conceived, designed and executed by Columbus sculptor, James T. Mason, and assisted by his wife, Elaine. Mason matches sculpture from "Taxus" shrubs with Seurat's painting of eight boats, three dogs, a monkey, and fifty-four figures (the tallest is twelve feet). Trees, ponds, paths, benches, and a gate house have been added. The last armature was set in place in 1990. The wrought iron fence around the park once surrounded The State House of the State of Ohio.
Persons and firms associated with the property and garden include: John Allen (former owner, 1802-1809); Lyne Starling (former owner, 1809-1812); State of Ohio (former owner, 1829-1981); Columbus Recreation and Parks Department (owner); and James T. Mason (garden designer, 1888-1993).
Related Materials:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OH212
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f2d2221f-4a4c-4c01-9621-19104403beda
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref15498

[Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park]: view of "Seurat's View," looking west in park.

Photographer:
Schieber, Randall L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Date:
1996 Jun.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Trees  Search this
Skylines  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Stepping stones  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Summer  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH212002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH212: Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6cfb7a053-0505-422c-a29d-2ae73b1be1a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16144

[Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park]: winter view of Topiary Garden.

Photographer:
Schieber, Randall L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Date:
1999 Jan.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Trees  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Birch  Search this
Winter  Search this
Snow  Search this
Lampposts  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH212003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH212: Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb651cbe65b-381e-494c-a0fc-fe7a47a95644
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16145

[Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park]: spring, looking west through scene.

Photographer:
Schieber, Randall L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Date:
1998 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Trees  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Birch  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Flowering trees  Search this
Bulbs  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH212004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH212: Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6676cae6c-ec81-45a6-bd2e-5b99ad931fd1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16146

[Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park]: summer view looking north over pond toward topiary figures.

Photographer:
Schieber, Randall L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Date:
1999 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Birch  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Summer  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Trees  Search this
Water lilies  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH212006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH212: Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb64a705c49-133f-426e-a35c-07c7ffe999aa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16147

[Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park]: summer looking east through topiary boat towards main figures facing pond.

Photographer:
Schieber, Randall L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park (Columbus, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Franklin County -- Columbus
Date:
1997 Jun.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Columbus  Search this
Birch  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Summer  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Trees  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Ground cover plants  Search this
Ornamental grasses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OH212010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio / OH212: Columbus -- Topiary Garden at Old Deaf School Park
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61dd31303-3954-45a6-8cfb-835dc07845be
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16148

Mill Neck -- Mill Neck Manor

Former owner:
Weicker, Theodore  Search this
Dodge, Robert C., Mrs.  Search this
Dodge, Robert C.  Search this
Weicker, Theodore, Mrs.  Search this
Architect:
Clinton, Russell, Wells, Holton & George  Search this
Provenance:
North Country Garden Club of Long Island  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Mill Neck Manor (Mill Neck, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Mill Neck
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, a summary property plan, six black and white images of the garden from about 1950, and a photocopy of an April 2000 newspaper article about plans for expansion of the school.
General:
Established around 1923, this 86-acre site, formerly a private estate, is now a school for the deaf. The gardens, which feature mature trees, terraces, and a gazebo, complement the Tudor-style mansion. Planted urns and broad, sweeping vistas complete the design.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Weicker (former owners, before 1940); Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Dodge (former owners, 1950s); and Clinton, Russell, Wells, Holton & George (architects, ca. 1923).
Related Materials:
Mill Neck Manor related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Mill Neck  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY788
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61c268b9d-8afd-470d-8008-526d221b32ba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26856

Frederick Douglass Patterson papers

Creator:
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Names:
Phelps-Stokes Fund  Search this
Tuskegee Institute  Search this
United Negro College Fund  Search this
Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943  Search this
Moton, Robert Russa, 1867-1940  Search this
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Extent:
18.66 Linear feet (21 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diplomas
Notebooks
Articles
Manuscripts
Photographic prints
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Newsletters
Awards
Photographs
Invitations
Legal documents
Programs
Correspondence
Clippings
Date:
1882 - 1988
Summary:
President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (later Tukegee Institute; now Tuskegee University) from 1935 - 1953 and founder of the United Negro College Fund (1944). Patterson was born on October 10, 1901. Orphaned at age two, he was raised by his eldest sister, Wilhelmina (Bess), a school teacher in Texas. He studied at Iowa State College, where he received a doctorate in veterinary medicine in 1923 and a master of science degree in 1927. Five years later, he was awarded a second doctorate degree from Cornell University. Patterson taught veterinary science for four years at Virginia State College, where he was also Director of Agriculture. His tenure at Tuskegee University started in 1928 and spanned almost 25 years, first as head of the veterinary division, then as the director of the School of Agriculture and finally as Tuskegee's third president. He married Catherine Elizabeth Moton, daughter of Tuskegee University's second president, Dr. Robert R. Moton. Patterson also founded the School of Veterinary Medicine at Tuskegee in 1944, the same year he founded the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). The UNCF continues today as a critical source of annual income for a consortium of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tuskegee University among them.
Scope and Content note:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson Collection comprises 18.66 linear feet of correspondence, manuscripts, research material, published writings, photographs, audiovisual material, scrapbooks, diplomas, awards, and other materials chronicling the personal life and professional career of Frederick D. Patterson.

The collection is comprised of glimpses into the life of Dr. Patterson. The little correspondece that survived is located in Series 2: Career, Series 3: Correspondence, and Series 4: Organizations. Some of the correspondence takes the form of congratulatory notes from 1953 during Patterson's transfer from Tuskegee Institute to the Phelps-Stokes Fund, located in Series 2. There is also a personal note sent to Patterson's wife, Catherine Patterson, from George Washington Carver in which he describes peanut oil as a good massage oil.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged by series and chronologically therein:

1. Biography: This series provides insight into Patterson's family life through primary documents. It is comprised of family wills, insurance policies, and his autobiography. Sub-series are arranged alphabetically by title.

2. Career: This series contains materials from Patterson's long professional career in the field of higher education, including his tenure as present of both the Tuskegee Institute and the Phelps-Stokes Fund. Sub-series are arranged chronologically.

3. Correspondence: This series contains letters sent to Patterson (and his wife) of a personal and professional nature. Several letters relate to Patterson's personal business "Signs and Services," which was a small billboard advertising company. There are also letters from George Washington Carver. The series is arranged chronologically. 4. Organizations: This series contains material from the various foundations Patterson founded and to which he belonged, including the R.R. Moton Fund and the College Endowment Funding Plan. He is especially noted for developing the United Negro College Fund. The series is organized alphabetically by sub-series title.

5. Honors: This series contains the awards, citations, and resolutions Patterson received during his lifetime. Folders are organized chronologically. 6. Subject Files: This series comprises articles, employee vitas, and other documents collected and organized by Patterson. Among the subjects in the files are higher education, Negroes, segregation, civil rights, and employee records. There is no key to this system.

7. Photographs: The Photograph series mostly documents Patterson's tenure at Tuskegee University. The series includes images of Patterson and various other notable figures during formal functions at the university. Noteworthy personalities include George Washington Carver, Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.

8. Printed Materials: This series contains books, programs, and other documents from Patterson's personal collection. The series is organized alphabetically by author's last name.
Biographical note:
Frederick Douglass Patterson was born on October 10, 1901 to parents William and Mamie Brooks Patterson, in the Buena Vista Heights area of Anacostia in Washington, D.C. The youngest of six children, Patterson's parents died of tuberculosis before he reached the age of two years, his mother when he was eleven months old and his father a year later. Following his parents' death, the Patterson children were split up and sent to live in the homes of family and friends as stipulated in his father's last will and testament until he was seven years old, Patterson lived in the Anacostia area with a family friend he called "Aunt Julia."

When he was seven years old, Patterson's older sister Bess (a recent graduate of the Washington Conservatory of Music) decided to seek employment in Texas and took him with her. Many of their parents' family still lived in the state, which allowed Patterson the opportunity to spend months with various aunts and uncles, while his sister taught music throughout the South. After completing eighth grade, Patterson joined his sister at the Prairie View Normal School, where she taught music and directed the choir. Patterson attended the school for four years, during which time he developed an interest in veterinary medicine.

In 1920, Patterson enrolled at Iowa State College as a veterinary student. He graduated in 1923 and moved to Columbus, Ohio, to join his brother John. While there, he took the Ohio State Board exam for Veterinary Medicine. Although he became certified, a lack of money prevented him from practicing. Four years later he received a teaching offer from Virginia State College (VSC) in Petersburg, Virginia, which afforded him the opportunity to work within his profession. While at VSC Patterson took a leave of absence and returned to Iowa, in 1926, to pursue a Master's degree in veterinary medicine.

After five years at VSC, the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute offered Patterson a position running the veterinarian hospital and teaching veterinary science. He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1928. While at Tuskegee, Patterson decided to pursue a Ph.D. in bacteriology at Cornell University. During his year and a half leave from Tuskegee, Patterson completed his coursework and wrote his dissertation. After he returned to Tuskegee, a serial killer murdered three people, including the head of the Department of Agriculture. Confronted with this tragedy, school officials quickly offered Patterson the vacant position, which he accepted in 1934.

Robert R. Moton, second president of Tuskegee, retired in 1935 and a search was soon commenced to find the next president for the school. Patterson, in the meantime, pursued more personal matters when he met and married Catherine Moton (with whom he would have a son) in June 1935. By then he was already hired to take his now, father-in-law's, position as President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.

As president of Tuskegee, Patterson made several changes and many additions to the institution. He increased faculty housing for professors; integrated the Board of Trustees' meeting meals and eventually arranged for both balck and white members to eat at one table; shortened the name to Tuskegee Institute; and established the Department of Commercial Dietetics in 1935, the veterinary medicine program in 1942, and the engineering program in 1948. While many considered Patterson's changes important achievements, it was his development of the Commercial/Military Aviation Program that would bring the school distinction and fame.

Patterson first attempted to develop the aviation program in 1939. The government fostered the development of such programs by subsiding the expenses. All a university had to do was present able-bodied instructors and willing pupils. Tuskegee had both. By 1940 the United States Air Force was interested in integrating its forces. In order to do this they needed trained black pilots. Tuskegee was the perfect place to provide the needed pilots since the school was situated in an all-black environment where students could concentrate on learning to fly without having to worry about racist reactions from their fellow classmates. To accommodate this program, the Tuskegee Army Air Base was created. Tuskegee pilots flew missions throughout World War II and would later be recognized for their bravery.

An important part of Patterson's duties as president was fund-raising. By 1943 he found it increasingly difficult to find ample sources of funds to run the Institute. He came to realize Tuskegee and similar black colleges would benefit if they pooled their funding resources and asked for larger amounts of money from philanthropic individuals and organizations as a collective. Working together would cut fund-raising expenses; this in turn would leave more money for the colleges to use as they wished. Patterson named his new creation the United Negro College Fund (UNCF); it would go on to raise millions of dollars for the nation's historically black colleges. He served as the first president of the organization.

During the fifteen years Patterson served as president of Tuskegee, he hosted many famous personalities, including W.E.B. DuBois, Mary McLeod Bethune, Eleanor Roosevelt, Duke Ellington, Paul Robeson, Pearl Buck, and Andre Segovia. He developed a lasting relationship with George Washington Carver, who had been a professor with Tuskegee since the days of Booker T. Washington.

Patterson served on many organizational boards in addition to his educational work. His involvement with the Phelps-Stokes Fund would ultimately lead Patterson to leave his beloved Tuskegee Institute to apply his educational philosophies on a broader scale. In 1953 the Fund approached Patterson and offered him the presidency of the organization. Patterson, feeling he needed a change, accepted the offer. He resigned from Tuskegee that same year and moved to New York to begin a new life.

Organized in 1911, the Phelps-Stokes Fund supported African, African American, and Native American education and worked on solving housing problems in New York City. Patterson's interest in African education began before he joined Phelps-Stokes. In 1950 the World Bank/International Bank Commission to Nigeria hired him to "evaluate the resources of Nigeria and…to study the educational programs and the organizational structure of advanced education." Through his work with the Fund he continued his efforts to improve the educational opportunities for Africans and help them move beyond colonialism. Patterson traveled extensively throughout the west coast of Africa in support of these goals.

In addition to forming the UNCF, Patterson created two other organizations (the Robert R. Moton Institute and the College Endowment Funding Plan), during the mid 1960s and 1970s. Each was designed to improve funding efforts for historically black colleges. The Robert R. Moton institute began as an off-shoot of the Phelps-Stokes as a site for conferences to address the Fund's primary concerns. Patterson's idea for the Institute came from a desire to put to use a piece of property inherited after Moton's death. Empathy with the frustrations of college presidents regarding the restricted funding for institutional expenses led Patterson to create the College Endowment Funding Plan. The Endowment was designed to alleviate this situation by providing matching funds to eligible colleges. The Endowment made its first payment in 1978. Unfortunately, by the 1980s, the Moton Institute lost most of its government funding due to federal cutbacks. This resulted in reductions to the Institute's programming.

It was not until Patterson was well into his eighties that he began to retire from his life of public service. On June 23, 1987, President Ronald Reagan presented Dr. Patterson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest possible honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian, for his service in higher education and his role in creating funding sources for the nation's historically black colleges. A year later Frederick Douglass Patterson died at the age of eighty-seven.

Honorary Degrees

undated -- Xavier University

1941 -- Virginia State College

1941 -- Wilberforce University

1953 -- Morehouse College

1956 -- Tuskegee Institute

1961 -- New York University

1966 -- Edward Waters College

1967 -- Atlanta University

1969 -- Franklin and Marshall College

1970 -- Virginia Union University

1975 -- Bishop College

1977 -- St. Augustine's College

1982 -- Brooklyn College of the City University of New York

1984 -- Stillman College

1985 -- Payne College

Distinctions

undated -- Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Carter

undated -- The Southern Education Foundation, Inc. Distinguished Service Citation

undated -- The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and Texas Association of Developing Colleges Annual Leadership Awards

1950 -- Christian Education department, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Inc. Citation for Distinguished Service

1953 -- Bethune-Cookman College, the Mary McLeod Bethune Medallion

1953 -- John A. Andrew Clinical Society at Tuskegee Institute, Citation for Distinguished Service in the Cause of Humanity

1953 -- Tuskegee Institute, Certificate of Appreciation for 25 Years of Service

1957 -- Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. Beta Lamda Sigma Chapter, Bigger and Better Business Award

1960 -- National Alumni Council of the UNCF, Inc. Award

1963 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Award

1965 -- Booker T. Washington Business Association, Certificate of Acknowledgement

1970 -- Moton Conference Center Award

1970 -- Tuskegee National Alumni Association, R.R. Moton Award

1972 -- American College Public Relations Association, 1972 Award for Distinguished Service to Higher Education

1972 -- UNCF F.D. Patterson 71st Birthday Award

1975 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Symbol of Service Award

1976 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Continuous Creative and Courageous Leadership in the Cause of Higher Education for Blacks

1977 -- Yale Alumni Associates of Afro-America, Distinguished Service Award

1979 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation Inc., Distinguished Educator Award

1979 -- Tuskegee Institute Alumni Association Philadelphia Charter Award

1980 -- The Iowa State University Alumni Association, Distinguished Achievement Citation

1980 -- Gary Branch NAACP Life Membership Fight for Freedom Dinner 1980, Roy Wilkins Award

1980 -- State of Alabama Certificate of Appreciation

1982 -- St. Luke's United Methodist Church Achievement Award

1983 -- Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- Booker T. Washington Foundation, Booker T. Washington Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- The Ohio State University Office of Minority Affairs, Distinguished Humanitarian and Service Award

1985 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc, Eta Zeta Lamda Chapter Civic Award

1985 -- United States, Private Sector Initiative Commendation

1987 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc of New York State, Founders Day Award

1987 -- Presidential Medal of Freedom

1987 -- Brag Business Achievement Award

1987 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Aggrey Medal

Public Service

1941-1971 -- Southern Educational Foundation, Inc., Board Member

1943-1988 -- United Negro College Fund, Founder, President, and Member

1960s-1988 -- Robert R. Moton Memorial Institute, Founder

1970s-1988 -- The College Endowment Funding Plan, Founder

undated -- American National Red Cross, Board of Governors Member

undated -- Boys Scouts of America, National Council Member

undated -- Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report on Reorganization of Federal Government, Board Member

undated -- Institute of International Education, Advisory committee Member

undated -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Life Member

undated -- National Business League, President and Board Member

undated -- National Urban League, National Committee Member

undated -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Board of Trustees Member

undated -- President's Commission on Higher Education for Negroes

undated -- Southern Regional Education, Board of Control Member
Related Materials:
Additional biographical materials in the Dale/Patterson Collection of the Anacostia Community Museum Archives.

This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Objects Collection.
Provenance:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2001 by Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
Universities and colleges -- Administration  Search this
African Americans -- Education (Higher)  Search this
African American universities and colleges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diplomas
Notebooks
Articles
Manuscripts
Photographic prints
Ephemera
Scrapbooks
Newsletters
Awards
Photographs
Invitations
Legal documents
Programs
Correspondence
Clippings
Citation:
Frederick Douglass Patterson papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-010
See more items in:
Frederick Douglass Patterson papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7da84300b-c608-41af-b59a-1f44dce53a26
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-010
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Online Media:

MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography

Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
41.29 Linear feet (22 boxes, 29 folders, 3 mounted drawings, and 3 rolled items)
Note:
Some materials, especially in series 3, are stored in the NAA artwork collection.
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pictographs
Place:
Oceania
Date:
1849-1902
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology who focused primarily on Native American sign language and pictography. This collection reflects Mallery's research interests and methods. Much of the collection is comprised of correspondence and notes relating to sign language and pictography and is organized chiefly by either the cultural or geographic region to which the material belongs. Bound volumes of several of his publications are included, along with annotated draft copies from collaborators. In the case of Mallery's work on pictography, the collection includes several oversize items including original works and reproductions.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Garrick Mallery's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist and is largely comprised of correspondence and preparatory materials for publications on Native American sign language and pictography. The geographic scope of the material is chiefly the present-day United States and Canada, though other areas of the world are represented less comprehensively. Correspondence and research notes include verbal descriptions of signs, sometimes with illustrations included. Bound volumes of Mallery's publications are included, along with annotations from collaborators. In addition, this collection includes notecards, drawings, illustrations, photographs, articles, and art objects. Art objects (mostly oversize) deal chiefly with Dakota winter counts and other artifacts.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Research Notes, undated; 2) Materials on Sign Language, 1843-1849, 1873-1894; 3) Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs, 1849-1902, undated
Biographical Note:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and practiced law in Philadelphia from 1853 until the outbreak of the American Civil War. While serving in the army, he became interested in Native American sign language and pictography, perhaps while performing his duties in frontier areas. After retiring from the military in 1879, Mallery was appointed to the newly created Bureau of American Ethnology as one of its first ethnologists. In his work with the Bureau, Mallery pioneered the study of sign language and pictographs, examining them as a universal human phenomenon with a direct link to spoken language.

In his work, Mallery collected and examined sign language vocabulary from Native American groups throughout the U.S. and Canada and regularly solicited contributions from collaborators. He also related his findings to examples from the wider world, comparing the formation of Native American signs to those in other areas by hearing individuals and by the deaf. Mallery completed several publications on the topic throughout the 1880s, notably Introduction to the Study of Sign language Among the North American Indians (1880), A Collection of Gesture- Signs and Signals of the North American Indians (1880), and "Sign-language among North American Indians Compared with that Among other People and Deaf-mutes," which appeared in the BAE 1st Annual Report (1881).

While most widely known for his work with sign language, Mallery also undertook extensive research into Native American pictography. Like his work with sign language, he both conducted original research and solicited assistance from collaborators. He was especially interested in the representational images in Dakota winter counts and petroglyphs in the United States and throughout the world.

Sources Consulted

Fletcher, Robert. "Garrick Mallery, President of the Philosophical Society of Washington, in 1888." In Brief Memoirs of Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A., Who Died October 24, 1894, 3-8. Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1895.

Fletcher, Robert. "Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A." American Anthropologist 8, no. 2 (1895): 79-80.

Chronology

1831 -- Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on April 25

1850 -- Graduates Yale College

1853 -- Earns LL. B. from the University of Pennsylvania Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar

1853-1861 -- Practices law in Philadelphia

1861 -- Enters the volunteer army of the United States

1862 -- Severely wounded in the battle of Peach Orchard, Virginia Captured and held prisoner at Libby prison in Richmond, Virginia

1866 -- Completes service with volunteer army of the United States Accepts commission in regular army of the United States

1870 -- Marries Helen W. Wyckoff

1879 -- Retires from the United States army due to disability Appointed to the Bureau of American Ethnology

1880 -- Publishes Introduction to the Study of Sign-Language Among the North American Indians as Illustrating the Gesture-Speech of Mankind and A Collection of Gesture-Signs and Signals of the North American Indians With Some Comparisons

1881 -- Publishes "Sign Language Among North American Indians, Compared with that Among Other Peoples and Deaf-Mutes"

1894 -- Dies after a short illness in Washington, D.C., on October 24
Related Materials:
See MS 2322 A collection of gesture-signs and signals of the North American Indians for more of Garrick Mallery's work on sign language.
Provenance:
MS 2372 was transferred from the Bureau of Ethnology Archives to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives with the merger of the BAE and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History in 1965. The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives was renamed the National Anthropological Archives in 1968.
Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2372
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw367638eb8-dce6-4d4e-bea5-2204e49134ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2372
Online Media:

Garrick Mallery, "Sign Language Among North American Indians Compared with that Among Other Peoples and Deaf Mutes," BAE 1st Annual Report, (1879-1880)

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1881
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.5: Bound Volumes and Annotations
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aa5e5a2b-570d-4d63-904d-031b361c3ddb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref187

Minnesota Institution for Deaf and Dumb – George Wing and D. M. Carrol

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1880
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.5: Bound Volumes and Annotations / Annotated pages from A Collection of Signs and Signals of the North American Indians, filed by collaborator
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ed30364a-6fea-43ad-8657-fca88d0a338d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref203

Letter, Edgerton Crouter

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1873 November 27
Scope and Contents:
3 pp.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36f683095-6d5c-41cc-80e5-465bb5e6faa5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref209

Note, Edward Allen Fay

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1882 June 6
Scope and Contents:
1 p.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35372c308-c0be-44e8-93a0-0aed8d13baef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref210

Lars Larson

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1883 June 6
Scope and Contents:
List, 2 pp. Letter, 2 pp.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw333bdf4f2-803f-42ab-bb96-d5c2dd2d8c93
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref211

Letter, Mrs. E. Seguin

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1881 July 7
Scope and Contents:
2 pp.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e0a50ebc-57ca-4fe8-8814-a652418dc3f6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref212

Letter, Geo. Wing

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1881 January 31
Scope and Contents:
3 pp.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw340259f73-f504-480e-9f9b-3b453f941675
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref213

Universality of Sign Language, Capt. C. A. Woodruff

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
1 p.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence / Regarding Deaf-Mutes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f7975063-bc35-433b-930d-0c6d704a64d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref214

Deaf Mute natural signs

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1879-1894
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.4: Notes and Articles / Miscellaneous Notes and Drafts by Mallery
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bbe79ecb-dbb4-4658-b1f7-ed3688a3085d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref251

Regarding Deaf-Mutes

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1873-1883
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.3: Miscellaneous Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36e8fbe6e-faa2-4b28-b9d4-c8e40e706169
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref41

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