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1958 Panama Canal Part 1 - Panama

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-04-20T23:50:46.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt__i2BBd4DAdk

Pyrenula sp.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Carroll William Dodge  Search this
Julian A. Steyermark  Search this
Paul H. Allen  Search this
Max. Elevation:
100  Search this
Min. Elevation:
90  Search this
Place:
Between Madden Dam and Saddle, near Alahuela, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
25 Nov 1934
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Eurotiomycetes Pyrenulales Pyrenulaceae
Published Name:
Pyrenula sp.
Barcode:
03429311
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3624febde-cd0d-4dd7-b319-ef696616331d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14559220

Mikania cristata B.L. Rob.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1600  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1400  Search this
Place:
Fortuna dam site, Chiriqui, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
15 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Mikania cristata B.L. Rob.
Barcode:
01670415
USNM Number:
3014741
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/301624c82-5d29-4a1f-85a2-4a798b8c545e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12680424

Pharus latifolius L.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Cleofe E. Calderón  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Place:
3 km from Canitas toward the Bayano Dam, Panamá, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 Nov 1971
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Pharoidoideae
Published Name:
Pharus latifolius L.
Barcode:
00150637
USNM Number:
2690604
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/345a2a645-17e1-4115-a060-e1f9c6c807e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14317123

Amalophyllon laceratum (C.V. Morton) Boggan et al.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1600  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Forest area; on wet vertical rock surface  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1400  Search this
Place:
Fortuna dam site, Chiriquí, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
15 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Amalophyllon laceratum (C.V. Morton) Boggan et al.
Phinaea lacerata C.V. Morton
Barcode:
00581489
USNM Number:
2853343
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/317ce25f4-32ec-4b78-9dc6-cdb623e28d81
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10397127

Columnea maculata C.V. Morton

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1600  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Forest area  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1400  Search this
Place:
Fortuna Dam site, Chiriquí, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
15 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Columnea maculata C.V. Morton
Columnea rubra C.V. Morton
Barcode:
00737554
USNM Number:
2960041
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3565c2b69-0f27-4ab0-bcc5-bb1761766ddc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10398353

Besleria solanoides Kunth var. solanoides

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1600  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Forest area; streamside  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1400  Search this
Place:
Fortuna Dam site, Chiriquí, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
15 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Besleria solanoides Kunth var. solanoides
Barcode:
00078747
USNM Number:
2960042
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a0b3745f-9309-4051-830e-d66e17cce5a8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10398355

Rufodorsia congestiflora (Donn. Sm.) Wiehler

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1700  Search this
Place:
Fortuna Dam site, top of mountain above camp to south, Chiriquí, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
13 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Rufodorsia congestiflora (Donn. Sm.) Wiehler
Barcode:
00992660
USNM Number:
3036818
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35d2b2be8-34f4-4c67-97dc-ea14510511ea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10401882

Drymonia aciculata Wiehler

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
J. P. Folsom  Search this
Robert L. Dressler  Search this
Kerry A. Dressler  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1700  Search this
Place:
Fortuna Dam site, top of mountain above camp to south, Chiriquí, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
13 Sep 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Drymonia aciculata Wiehler
Barcode:
00962317
USNM Number:
3036819
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34876813e-c6e9-4bef-950e-07e72e9dc89c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10401883

West emergency dam machine to control water if gates give way, Gatun Locks. 11529 Photonegative

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun Locks, Canal Zone, Panama
Panama
Panama Canal (Panama)
Date:
1913
Local Numbers:
RSN 15242

Video number 14628
General:
Company catalog card included.
Similar to RSN 24667.
Currently stored in box 3.1.42 [40].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
159006
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Laborers -- Panama  Search this
Locks -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 15240-15350
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep806dee0d3-d7af-4da5-af21-61684c186293
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref11778

Site of the Gatun Dam, from the hills to the east. 11509 Interpositive

Topic:
PANAMA CANAL
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
Wallace  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun Dam (Panama)
Panama
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 633

Video number 05704
General:
Similar to RSN 1838.
Currently stored in box 1.2.6 [24].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Dams -- Panama  Search this
Laborers -- Panama  Search this
Mountains -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 680-773
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e4858c16-3f42-4a99-85d6-cd85d54c419d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref16051

Where the locks are to be built at Gatun, from employees quarters. [Active no. 11510 : stereo Interpositive,]

Topic:
PANAMA CANAL
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
Wallace  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun Dam (Panama)
Panama
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 634
General:
Same as RSN 635 and 1839.
Currently stored in box 1.2.6 [24].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Dams -- Panama  Search this
Roads -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 680-773
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a5e52399-7fbc-4847-a071-9eb7e5438fcb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref16052

Where the locks are to be built at Gatun, from employees quarters 11510 Interpositive

Topic:
PANAMA CANAL
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
Wallace  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun Dam (Panama)
Panama
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 635

Video number 05706
General:
Same as RSN 634 and 1839.
Currently stored in box 1.2.6 [24].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Dams -- Panama  Search this
Roads -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 680-773
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82256da18-9273-4fd4-b5cd-8fc2f648fd1f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref16053

West emergency dam machine to control water if gates give way, Gatun Locks. 11529 Interpositive

Topic:
PANAMA CANAL TOUR
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun Locks, Canal Zone, Panama
Panama
Date:
1913
Local Numbers:
RSN 24667
General:
Similar to RSN 15242,
Currently stored in box 3.2.39 [173],
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Locks -- Panama  Search this
Machinery -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24586-24692
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87426cc75-569d-4f3f-82c8-fa48fb1dad91
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22431

Site of the proposed Gatun Dam from the hills to the east. [Active no. 11509 : stereo photonegative,]

Topic:
PANAMA CANAL
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Photographer:
Wallace  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-3/4" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Gatun (Panama)
Panama
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 1838
General:
Similar to RSN 633; "Panama / Wallace '06"
Currently stored in box 1.1.13 [157].
Orig. No. 78-A.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Construction -- Panama  Search this
Dams -- Panama  Search this
Laborers -- Panama  Search this
Mountains -- Panama  Search this
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations) -- Panama
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.1: H.C. White Negatives / RSN Numbers 1776-1876
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep851be8280-7066-4976-b6fe-9f9e11efeb1c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref2716

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection

Creator:
Perkins, James Secor  Search this
Gilbreth, Frank Bunker, 1868-1924  Search this
Gilbreth, Lillian Moller, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (19 boxes)
5 Cubic feet (19 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Betacam sp (videotape format)
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1907-2000
bulk 1911-1924
Summary:
The collection consists primarily of glass plate slides (negative and positive), photo prints, and stereographs documenting the work undertaken by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth from 1910 to 1924 in the fields of motion study, shop efficiency, and factory organization. Also included are slides dcoumenting the Gilbreth Family, their travels, residences, and friends. The collection also contains the film "The Original Films of Gilbreth The Quest for the One Best Way," 1968 by James S. Perkins.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of glass plate slides (negative and positive), photo prints, and stereographs documenting the work undertaken by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth from 1910 to 1924 in the fields of motion study, shop efficiency, and factory organization. As scientific managers, the Gilbreth's introduced new techniques to analyze work, the workplace, and work practices with the goal of eliminating waste to maximize productivity. The collection illustrates these new techniques and their application to a wide variety of studies. The collection is diverse and provides insight into understanding how Gilbreth approached his studies. Also included are slides documenting the Gilbreth Family, their travels, residences, and friends. The collection also contains the film "The Original Films of Gilbreth The Quest for the One Best Way," 1968 by James S. Perkins.

Series 1, Background Information, 1892-1997, includes biographical materials about Frank B. Gilbreth; copies of some of Frank Gilbreth's patents, 1892-1916; and printed materials, 1907-1997, that contain articles, newspaper and magazine clippings about Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and time and motion study generally. Black-and-white photo prints of Gilbreth or work Gilbreth documented from collections held at Purdue University and Ohio State University are included.

Series 2, Glass plate stereo slides, 1910-1924, consists of approximately 2,250 glass stereo slides photographed by Frank B. Gilbreth and others and intended for viewing through an optical viewing machine. Some are positive black and white, positive color, and negative black and white. The subject matter of the slides covers the work undertaken by Frank Gilbreth from 1910 to 1924 in the fields of motion study, shop efficiency, and factory organization. Many of the images serve as documentation for the studies the couple performed as they were hired by firms in an attempt to provide solutions to the problems of inefficiency. Also included are the Gilbreth Family, their travels, residences, and friends.

The slides are numbered sequentially. For example, a glass plate slide numbered 318949.001 will have a corresponding photoprint 318949.001 in Series 3, Photoprints of glass plate slides. Note: not all glass plate slides have corresponding photoprints. Additionally, there are Office of Photographics Services, Smithsonian Institution negative numbers assigned to many of the photo prints.

Some subject categories include:

Frank B. Gilbreth: working in motion laboratories, on factory inspections, seated in offices, with family and friends, in World War I uniform, watching and monitoring shop operations.

Lillian M. Gilbreth: with family, during university graduation ceremonies, traveling and working with Frank and observing office workers.

Gilbreth Family: family on the road in an automobile, at home seated around the dinner table, in the parlor, in the garden, and with friends and relatives.

Gilbreth ship travel: contains views on steamer voyages to Europe, deck scenes, arrivals, departures, ship officers and crew, and other passengers.

Automobile assembly study: internal and external views of a warehouse/factory, including large piles or rows of metal car frames and other parts.

Benchwork study: images of a male worker standing or sitting in a chair while filing an object secured in a vice at a workbench.

Betterment: images of efforts whcih contributed to industrial betterment (the Gilbreth chair, employee library, and the home reading box).

Bricklaying study: view of men wearing overalls and caps, shoveling, and men laying bicks.

Business and apparatus of motion study: views of lectures, meetings, film showings, demonstrations, charts, drawings, motion models, charts amd some equipment.

Disabled study: views of partially blind World War I veterans, amputees using special tytpewriter, assembling machinery, use of cructhes, and a one armed dentist.

Factory bench work: table-top machines assembly operations, hand tools, orderly arrangement of parts prior to and during assembly and a variety of bench vises.

Factory documentation: various images of the interior and edterior of factories including heavy machinery.

Golfing study: various cyclegraphs of a man swinging a golf club.

Grid boards: back drops used by Gikbreth to isolate and measure worker motions. This includes walls, floors, desktops, and drop cloths divided into grids of various densities and scales.

Handwriting and cyclegraphs: finger lights moving in patterns of script.

Ladders: include step ladders and painters' ladders shown in use near shelving.

Light assembly study: wide variety of images ranging from cyclegraphs of women working, to the factory floor as well as tools and machinery.

Materials handling study: different angles of an empty cart, a cart oiled high with boxes, and a man pushing a cart illustrating different body positions.

Military study: illustrate work on the Army foot meausring machine, gun parts, men holding a rifle.

Motion models: images of simple wire motionmodels.

Needle trade study: views of textile machinery and workers.

Office study: various shots inside of an office with tables, desks, drawers, files, and typewriters. Some of the images are cyclegraphs of femal and male workers performing tasks, such as writing, both tin the context of an office as well as in front of a grdidded background. There are several close-ups of an organizer containing penciles, paperclips, pins and rubberbands.

Packing: methods of placing and arranging goods in boxes, such as soap packing.

Panama-Pacific Exposition 1915: contains views of statuary, fountains, and architecture of the exposition held in San Francisco.

Pure light cyclegraphs: no workers or grids visible only finger lights in motion.

Rubber stamping study: hand movements and access to ink pads and stamps.

Scenic views: views of buildings, landscapes, street scenes, and fountains from around the world documenting Gilbreth's travels.

Shoe making study: laboratory studies of shoe assembly operations with an emphasis on workers access to component pieces.

Shop machinery: various shots of machines and workers working with machines.

Signage: include organizational flow charts, shop floor plans, route maps, office layouts, numbering systems, exhibit display boards illustrating Frank Gilbreth's efficiency studies and techniques.

Stacking: views of the art and science of stacking boxes, clothing, equipment, containers, and vertical storage without shelves.

Stock bins: consists of storage pips, paper, other raw materials, shelves, and corridoe shots.

Storage: images illustrate contrast between old techniques and new.

Surgical and dental studies: thester views of surgeons, assistants, nurses, hand motions in grasping, placing surgical instruments, dental work and self inspection of teeth.

Tool cribs: storage of hand tools in shops with an emphasis on easy access and easy inventorying.

Typing study: various views of femaile s under observation using Remington typewriters.

Series 3, Photoprints of glass plate slides, 1910-1924, consist of black and white photoprints of the glass plate slides depicting the fields of motion study, shop efficiency, and factory organization. Also included are the Gilbreth Family, their travels, residences, and friends.

Series 5, Stereographs,1911-1914,

Series 6, Audio Visual Materials, 1968, 2000, and undated, is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1, Audio visual documentation, 1968 and undated; Subseries 2, Moving Images, 1968 and undated; and Subseries 3, Audio Recordings, 1980, 1990,. 2000 and undated. The series contains several formats: 7" open reel-to-reel audio tape, 1/2" VHS, Beta Cam SP, DVD, audio cassette, one inch audio tape, and 16 mm film.

Subseries 1, Audio visual documentation, 1967-1968 and undated, consists of supplemental documentation for the film, "The Original Films of Gilbreth The Quest for the One Best Way." Specifically, there are brochures and other printed materials detailing what the film is about and how copies may be obtained. This subseries also contains a copy of the book Cheaper by the Dozen, 1948. The book was written by Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Jr. and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey and tells the biographical story of Frank Bunker Gilbreth and Lillian Moller Gilbreth, and their twelve children. The book was adapted to film by Twentieth Century Fox in 1950.

Subseries 2, Moving Images, 1967, consists of one title, "The Original Films of Gilbreth The Quest for the One Best Way." The film materials consist of the film's production elements: 16 mm black and white negative A-roll; 16mm black-and-white negative B-roll; and the optical track negative. Each is 800 feet in length.

The film presents a summary of work analysis films which were taken by Frank B. Gilbreth between 1919 and 1924 showing a number of industrial operations from which the motion study was developed. Demonstrates motion and fatigue study, skill study, plant layout and material handling, inventory control, production control, business procedures, safety methods, developing occupations for the handicapped, athletic training and skills, military training, and surgical operations as researched and developed by Gilbreth. Points out that Gilbreth created entirely new techniques on how to improve industrial efficiency, while at the same time significantly improving conditions for the workers. The film was produced by James S. Perkins in collaboration with Dr. Ralph M. Barnes and with commentary by Liilian M. Gilbreth and James S. Perkins. The film was presented on December 3, 1968 at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Meeting in New York. The formats for this title include: 16 mm, Beta Cam SP, and DVD. Additionally, there is a one inch audio tape recording for the film.

Subseries 3, Audio Recordings, 1980, 1990, 2000 and undated consist of a Smithsonian radio program titled "Inside the Smithsonian, Cheaper by The Dozen," from 1980 and an recording of Ernestine Gilbreth Casey discussing Gilbreth Family photographs from 2000. Hosted by [Ann Carroll?], "Inside the Smithsonian, Cheaper by The Dozen," featured Fred and Bill Gilbreth discussing their parents Frank and Lillian, Gilbreth, and the book Cheaper by the Dozen. The radio program coincided with the 100th Anniversary of the American Society of Mechancial Engineers (founded 1880)of which Lillian Gilbreth was the Society's first female member and showcased a single case exhibition at the Museum of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History) titled "Frank and Lillian Gilbreth: Motion Engineers." Inside Smithosnian Radio was a weekly program produced by the Office of Telecommunications. The recording of Ernestine Gilbreth Carey was recorded on July 9, 2000 and documents Ms. Carey's identification and discussion of Gilbreth Family photographs. David Ferguson assisted in the discussion. A hard copy index to the photographs Ms. Carey discusses is available.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: Background Materials, 1892-1997

Subseries 1.1: Frank B. Gilbreth, undated

Subseries 1.2: Frank B. Gilbreth patents, 1892-1916

Subseries 1.3: Printed Materials, 1907-1997

Series 2: Glass Stereo Slides (Positive), 1910-1924 and undated

Series 3: Photo prints of glass stereo slides, 1910-1924 and undated

Subseries 3.1: Photo Print Books, 1-9, undated

Subseries 3.2: Photo prints (duplicates), undated

Series 4: Stereo Autochromes, undated

Series 5: Stereograph Cards, 1911-1914

Series 6: Audio Visual Materials, 1968, 1990, 2000 and undated

Subseries 6.1, Audio visual documentation, 1968 and undated

Subseries 6.2: Moving images, 1968 and undated

Subseries 6.3: Audio recordings, 1980, 1990, 2000, and undated
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gilbreth is best known for his work on the efficiency of motion. Working with his wife and professional partner Lillian Moller Gilbreth, he applied modern psychology to his work with management. His innovative motion studies were used on factory workers, typists and the disabled. Gilbreth established the link between psychology and education to be succesful management.

Frank Gilbreth was born in Fairfield, Maine on July 7, 1868. His parents, John and Martha Bunker Gilbreth were New Englanders. John Gilbreth ran a hardware business, but died when Frank was only three. Bearing the responsibilty of raising her children alone, Martha moved the family twice in search of quality education for her children. Ultimately she decided to school the children herself. In 1885, Frank graduated from English High School in Boston. Despite gaining admission into the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Frank opted to enter the work world immediately as a bricklayer's apprentice with Whidden and Company, building contractors in Boston.

Smart and skilled, Gilbreth worked his way up in the company. He learned the trade quickly and soon was promoted to supervisor, foreman, and finally to the position of superintendent. To further his edcuation, he went to night school to study mechanical drawing.

At the age of 27, Gilbreth embarked upon his first business venture. He started his own contracting firm. His firm developed a fine reputation for quality work at a very rapid pace. He invented tools, scaffolding, and other contraptions to make the job easier. His company goals included the elimination of waste, the conservation of energy, and the reduction of cost. His work included canals, factories, houses, and dams. His clients came from all parts of the United States, and he performed some work in England.

In 1903, Frank Gilbreth met Lillian Moller (1903-1972) and married her on October 19, 1904. Lillian graduated from the University of California, Berkeley with a BA (1900) and MA (1902). She later earned a Ph.D from Brown University (1915), earning a dissertation titled The Psychology of Management. Lillian's academic work, large family and integral role in Frank's consulting business kept her busy. Her contributions to the business led to a greater understanding of an individual's welfare in the work world. This becamme a key idea to increasing productivity through scientific management techniques.

Working together, the couple became leaders in the new field of scientific management. They published books, gave lectures, and raised tweleve children together: Anne, Mary (1906--912), Ernestine, Martha, Frank Jr., William, Lillian, Frederick, Daniel, John, Robert and Jane. Some of Gilbreth's books include Fields System (1908); Concrete System (1908); Bricklaying System (1909; Motion Study (1911); and Primer of Scientific Management (1911). Gilbreth co-authored with Lillian: Time Study (1916); Fatigue Study (1916); Applied Motion Study (1917); and Motion Study for the Handicapped (1919).

It wasn't long before Gilbreth moved away from construction. Together with his wife, they focused on the link between psychology and motion. With her strong psychological background, and his interest in efficiency, the Gilbreth's opened the School of Scientific Management in 1913. The school was in session for four years. Numerous professional attended the school, and soon the Gilbreth's had established a reputation as consultant's to the new field of scientific management.

In 1912, Frank won a contract with the New England Butt Company in Providence, Rhode Island. There he installed his system of scientific management in a factory setting for the first time. Contracts with the Hermann-Aukam handkerchief manufacturing company in New Jersey and the Auergessellschaft Company in Germany followed. Using motion study, Gilbreth studied and reoganized the factories, attempting to find "the one best way" to do work.

Gilbreth traveled to Germany to continue his work was a scientific manager. He visited factories and hospitals, working to improve procedures and eliminate waste. Using micro-motion study and the chronocyclegraph procedure, he analyzed and dissected motion, discovering therblings, the seventeen fundamental units of any motion. World War I slowed Gilbreth's progress abroad, so he focused his consulting business on firms n the United States.

After World War I, Gilbreth's business thrived. in 1920, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers instituted its Management Division, something Gilbreth had been demanding for years. He was now a famous American engineer, gaining financial rewards as as professional honors.

Frank Gilbreth died suddenly of a heart attack on June 14, 1924, still in the middle of three contracts. He was honored after his death in 1944 by the American Society of Engineers and the American Management Association with the Gant Gold Medal. After Frank's death, Lillian moved the family to California where she continued to work on efficiency and health in industry issues. She was a respected buiness woman and was hired by several companies to train employees, study working conditions, and reduce fatigue. She lectured at several universities (Newark College of Engineering and the University of Wisconsin), and joined the faculty at Purdue University in 1935 as the first woman professor in the engineering school.

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth often used their large family (and Frank himself) as guinea pigs in experiments. Their family exploits are lovingly detailed in the 1948 book Cheaper by the Dozen, written by Frank Jr. and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey.
Related Materials:
Material in Other Institutions

Purdue University, Archives and Special Collections

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth papers, 1869-2000

The Gilbreth Papers documents the professional and personal lives of Frank Gilbreth and Lillian Gilbreth. The collection consists of personal papers, letters, correspondence, photographs, and other memorabilia that Lillian Gilbreth collected during her life regarding her youth, marriage, family, and career.

Collection of materials related to Lillian Gilbreth, 1964-2006

One folder of items relating to the life of Lillian Gilbreth, and her family, collected by her granddaughter, Lillian (Jill) Barley and Nancy Weston. Materials include clippings relating to the Lillian Gilbreth postage stamp (1984); obituaries and memorial programs for Peter Barney, Ernestine Carey, Lillian Gilbreth, Anne Gilbreth Barney, Charles Carey, and Frank Gilbreth Jr.; programs and photographs relating to Lillian Gilbreth's visit to Athens in 1964; and biographical information on Lillian Gilbreth.

Cornell University, Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives

Frank Gilbreth Papers on Microfilm, Collection Number: 5424 mf

Selected papers pertaining to industrial engineering. Original materials are held by Purdue University. Microfilm copied purchased from Purdue University in April 1968.
Provenance:
The collection materials were donated by several individuals: New Jersey Institute of Technology (1975); Frank B. Gilbreth, Jr., (1980); Ernestine Gilbreth Carey (1995); Daniel B. Gilbreth (1998); and James Secor Perkins in 2001.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the films are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Series 2: Glass Stereo Slides are restricted. Boxes 3-9 were digitized in 2021. Researchers must use digital copies. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Motion study  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Machine shops  Search this
Industrial management  Search this
Industrial films  Search this
Industrial engineering  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
BetaCam SP (videotape format)
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0803
See more items in:
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a48e652d-6387-4a23-98c0-299772c454d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0803
Online Media:

[Cathedral Park, Panama City : picture postcard.]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Collector:
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Creator:
Sucesion de I.L. Maduro, jr., Panama, Panama  Search this
Names:
United States -- Diplomatic Relations -- Panama  Search this
United States. Army -- Corps of Engineers  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Philatelic Collection, Smithsonian Institution.  Search this
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (color, 3-1/2" x 5-1/2".)
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Gatun Locks, Canal Zone, Panama
Canal Zone
Scope and Contents:
Color illustration with bilingual caption, "Electric mule towing ocean liner through Gatun Locks, Panama Canal." The image depicts an electric vehicle pulling on a cord with men walking up a flight of stairs next to it.
General:
Series II, Box 23, Foreign--Panama--General.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Civil engineering  Search this
Locks and dams  Search this
Electricity  Search this
Ocean liners  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards -- 1900-1920
Picture postcards -- 1900-1920
Collection Citation:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, c. 1880-c. 1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution,
See more items in:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection / Series 2: Geographical Locations outside the United States / Panama / General
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep894c6fd9a-077b-49d1-b046-d55982adc7b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0200-ref2295

Elaphoglossum smithii (Baker) Christ

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Henk van der Werff  Search this
C. Van Hardeveld  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1200  Search this
Place:
Province of Chiriqui: Distrito Boquete. Fortuna dam site; mostly collected along stream on white sandy soil with very thin humus layer, Chiriqui, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
7 Feb 1985
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Polypodiales Dryopteridaceae
Published Name:
Elaphoglossum smithii (Baker) Christ
Barcode:
01565045
USNM Number:
3232079
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37d0d541c-cfd7-4dda-8c91-eb42fa779c90
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12547536

Aegiphila anomala Pittier

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Gordon McPherson  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1100  Search this
Place:
Vicinity of Fortuna Dam. Along trail near Río Hornito., Chiriqui, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1986
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Lamiales Lamiaceae
Published Name:
Aegiphila anomala Pittier
Barcode:
02788008
USNM Number:
3590534
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/362073d79-a0c0-4fc8-80f2-55eb15152c9c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13884264

Lepidaploa chiriquiensis (Keeley) H. Rob.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Gordon D. McPherson  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1950  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1800  Search this
Place:
Panama. Chiriqui: Fortuna Dam region, along trail to Cerro Hornito (Paste de Macho) on southern ridge of watershed, Chiriqui, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
17 Jan 1989
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Cichorioideae
Published Name:
Lepidaploa chiriquiensis (Keeley) H. Rob.
Barcode:
01628082
USNM Number:
3208043
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/377e61c97-895c-47d5-9d8c-b9990305e972
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12669949

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