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Dakota War cartes-de-visite

Photographer:
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Zimmerman, Charles A., 1844-1909  Search this
Names:
Hole-in-the-Day, Chief, 1828-1868  Search this
Otherday, John, -1869  Search this
Shakopee, Chief, 1811-1865  Search this
Wakeman, Thomas, 1846-1886  Search this
Extent:
4 Cartes-de-viste (card photographs)
Container:
Folder 1
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Cartes-de-viste (card photographs)
Cartes-de-visite
Place:
Minnesota
Date:
circa 1864-1865
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four cartes-de-visite portraits of Native American men involved in the Dakota War of 1862. Individuals were photographed by Joel Emmons Whitney between approximately 1864 and 1865. Reprints of these cartes-de-visite were later sold by Whitney and Charles Alfred Zimmerman in their St. Paul, Minnesota studio throughout the following decade. The individuals portrayed include: Hole in the Day (also known as Pogonaykeshick; Ojibwe), John Otherday (also known as Anpetutokeca; Dakota), Thomas Wakeman (also known as Wowinape; Dakota), and Shakopee (also known as Little Six; Dakota).
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection were organized into 1 folder.
Biographical / Historical:
Joel Emmons Whitney (1822-1886) is considered the most influential pioneer photographer in Minnesota spanning the years 1851 to 1871. Whitney was born in Phillips, Maine in 1822, later moving to the St. Paul, Minnesota area in 1850, and establishing several successful photography studios there. His most common photographic works were cartes-de-visite depicting local landscapes, as well as portraits of Civil War soldiers and Native Americans in the Minnesota area. Whitney later partnered with Charles Alfred Zimmerman (1844-1909) and the two opened the Whitney and Zimmerman Studio shortly before Whitney ended his photography career in the early 1870s. He died in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1886, at age 63.
Related Materials:
The Minnesota Historical Society holds a large collection of Joel E. Whitney cartes-de-visite, including the four included here. Further, the Minnesota Historical Photo Collectors Group published a 2001 catalog of Whitney's cartes-de-visite, titled Joel E. Whitney: Minnesota's Leading Pioneer Photographer.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Bridget Bly in 2015.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Minnesota  Search this
Dakota Indians -- Wars -- 1862-1865  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Dakota War cartes-de-visite, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.098
See more items in:
Dakota War cartes-de-visite
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-098
Online Media:

Edwin and Wilfred Whitefield papers

Creator:
Whitefield, Edwin, 1816-1892  Search this
Whitefield, Wilfred, 1839-1926  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Place:
Minnesota -- Description and Travel
Minnesota -- History
Date:
1854-1918
Scope and Contents:
Letters (1856-1918), diaries (1863-1866), writings (1856-1863), printed material (1854-1857), and photographs document the activities of Edwin Whitefield and his son Wilfred and early settlement in Minnesota.
Edwin Whitefield papers consist of 2 of his business cards, a list of books and prints by Whitefield, 2 clippings "The View of Paris" (1854?) and "Minnesota Going East" (1856), a real estate advertisement for Whitefield's Minnesota Land Agency displaying a reproduction of Whitefield's drawing of Minnehaha Falls (1857), a letter of introduction written by James W. Taylor to William T. Bascom on Whitefield's behalf (1857), a letter illustrated with hand-drawn maps of a Minnesota townsite (1858?), and a letter written by Whitefield to his son Wilfred (1871). Writings consist of an 3 essays "Kandiyohi", "A Sketch of Minnesota" and "Minnesota" describing his travels as a member of the Whitefield exploration party (1856-1858).
Wilfred Whitefield papers include 17 typescripts of his letters to Louisa describing experiences as a soldier (1863), 15 letters (1895-1917) concerning his sketches from the Henry H. Sibley Expedition against the Sioux in 1863, a letter about his father's watercolors (1918), a letter supporting a pension application for a soldier from the Minnesota State Militia (1918), an essay "A Trip to the Sauk Valley" (1857?), an account of the Battle of Big Mound (1863), and minutes of a war meeting held at Sauk Center, Minnesota (1864). Diary fragments describe daily events in Kandotta, Minnesota (1859) and events during the Sibley Expedition (1863). A diary (1863-1866) contains pencil sketches and notes and is accompanied by a transcript and photographs of selected sketches.
Biographical / Historical:
Edwin Whitefield was born in England in 1816, immigrating to the United States ca. 1840. Between 1840 and 1855, he studied and taught drawing in New York and New England. In the latter 1850s, he became a real estate speculator in the Minnesota territory and became involved in land and and townsite promotion in what is now Kandiyohi County and the Sauk River Valley, Minn. Between 1860 and 1864 he lived in Chicago, but spent his final years in Massachusetts until his death in 1892. Edwin's son Wilfred Whitefield, also an artist, was born in 1839. He traveled to Minnesota with his father in 1856 and accompanied Henry H. Sibley's expedition against the Dakota (Sioux) Indians in 1863. He died in Sauk Center, Minn. in 1926.
Provenance:
The microfilm was purchased from the Minnesota Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce requires written permission from the Division of Library and Archives, Minnesota Historical Society. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Real estate agents  Search this
Draftsmen (artists)  Search this
Topic:
Dakota Indians -- Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
AAA.whitedwi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitedwi

Edwin and Wilfred Whitefield papers, 1854-1918

Creator:
Whitefield, Edwin, 1816-1892  Search this
Whitefield, Wilfred J., 1839-1926  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Place:
Minnesota -- Description and travel
Minnesota -- History
Topic:
Dakota Indians -- Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13459
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212471
AAA_collcode_whitedwi
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212471

Six weeks in the Sioux tepees : a narrative of Indian captivity / by Sarah F. Wakefield ; edited, annotated, and with an introduction by June Namias

Title:
6 weeks in the Sioux tepees
Author:
Wakefield, Sarah F  Search this
Namias, June  Search this
Subject:
Wakefield, Sarah F  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 173 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Place:
Minnesota
Date:
1997
1864
C1997
Topic:
History  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Indian captivities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_538778

Six weeks in the Sioux tepees / Sarah F. Wakefield

Title:
Fascinating first-person account of a woman's six-week captivity by the Sioux in 1862
Author:
Wakefield, Sarah F  Search this
Subject:
Wakefield, Sarah F  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 87 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Place:
Minnesota
Date:
2004
1863
C2004
Topic:
History  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Indian captivities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729017

Taoyateduta

Author:
Swain, Gwenyth 1961-  Search this
Subject:
Little Crow -1863  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 101 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_838901

Narrative of my captivity among the Sioux Indians / by Fanny Kelly ; edited by Clark and Mary Lee Spence

Author:
Kelly, Fanny 1845-1904  Search this
Spence, Clark C  Search this
Spence, Mary Lee  Search this
Subject:
Kelly, Fanny 1845-1904  Search this
Physical description:
xliv, 274 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1994
1994, ©1990
Topic:
History  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Indian captivities  Search this
Call number:
E87 .K3 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_474840

The Sioux rebellion in Minnesota : (an emigrant boy's story) / Ascott R. Hope

Author:
Moncrieff, A. R. Hope (Ascott Robert Hope) 1846-1927  Search this
Illustrator:
Rieck, W (Walter)  Search this
Physical description:
40 pages : illustrations ; 18 cm
Type:
Textbooks for foreign speakers
Place:
New Ulm (Minn.)
Date:
1969
1977
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
English language--German  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1084176

The Sully expedition of 1864 featuring the Killdeer Mountain and Badlands Battles / by Louis Pfaller

Author:
Pfaller, Louis  Search this
Physical description:
54 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North Dakota
Date:
1964
[1964?]
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Sully Expeditions, 1863-1865  Search this
Indian captivities  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E83.86 .P43 1964
Restrictions & Rights:
Includes bibliographical references.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_917380

Minnesota in the Civil and Indian wars, 1861-1865 / prepared and published under the supervision of the Board of Commissioners appointed by the act of the legislature of Minnesota of April 16, 1889

Author:
Minnesota Historical Society Press  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Minnesota
United States
Date:
2005
1891
C2005
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
History  Search this
Regimental histories  Search this
Militia  Search this
Call number:
E515.1 .M66 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_803216

The Indians' revenge, or, Days of horror : some appalling events in the history of the Sioux / by Alexander Berghold ; edited by Don Heinrich Tolzmann

Title:
Indians' revenge
Days of horror
Author:
Berghold, Alexander  Search this
Tolzmann, Don Heinrich 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
183 p. : ill ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Sources
Place:
New Ulm (Minn.)
Date:
2007
1891
C2007
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Wars, 1890-1891  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823375

The Second Nebraska's campaign against the Sioux / edited by Richard D. Rowen

Author:
Belden, George P (George Pfauts) 1844?-1871  Search this
Furnas, Robert W (Robert Wilkinson) 1824-1905  Search this
Pierce, Henry W  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Nebraska Cavalry Regiment, 2nd  Search this
Physical description:
64 p., [1] ℓ & [24] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Personal narratives
Date:
1963
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Sully's expedition, 1863  Search this
Whitestone Hill, Battle of, N.D., 1863  Search this
Call number:
E83.86 S43 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_838018

My captivity among the Sioux Indians / Introd. by Jules Zanger

Title:
Narrative of my captivity among the Sioux Indians
Author:
Kelly, Fanny 1845-1904  Search this
Physical description:
285 p. : ill ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
1871
[1962]
Topic:
Indian captivities  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Call number:
E87 .K3 1962
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_899046

Dakota : Jäger und Krieger vom heiligen See : die fantastische Zeitreise der Dakota von der Alten in die neue Zeit / Albert Hechenberger

Author:
Hechenberger, Albert 1940-  Search this
Physical description:
453 p. : col. maps ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
History  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Call number:
E99.D1 H43 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745534

The Dakota War of 1862 / Kenneth Carley

Author:
Carley, Kenneth  Search this
Physical description:
v, 102 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2001
1976
[2001]
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_762004

Sioux uprising issue

Author:
Minnesota Historical Society  Search this
Physical description:
p. 83-128 : ill., map, ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
C1976
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Call number:
E83.86 .S56 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_686736

How we punish our allies : [a statement of facts in regard to the Sisseton and Wahpeton scouts and soldiers] / by C.C. Painter

Author:
Painter, C. C (Charles Cornelius)  Search this
Indian Rights Association  Search this
Physical description:
7 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Minnesota
Date:
1888
[1888?]
Topic:
Land tenure  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Indian scouts  Search this
Indian reservations  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Indians  Search this
Call number:
E99.S62 P14 1888
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_501639

Indian massacre in Minnesota : removal of the Sioux Indians

Author:
Burleigh, Walter A (Walter Atwood) 1820-1896  Search this
Harlan, James 1820-1899  Search this
Cooley, Dennis N. 1825-1892  Search this
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
14 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Minnesota
Date:
1866
1866]
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Relocation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_502766

Narrative of my captivity among the Sioux Indians / by Fanny Kelly ; edited by Clark and Mary Lee Spence

Author:
Kelly, Fanny 1845-1904  Search this
Spence, Clark C  Search this
Spence, Mary Lee  Search this
Subject:
Kelly, Fanny 1845-1904  Search this
Physical description:
lviii, 367 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
History  Search this
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Indian captivities  Search this
Call number:
E87 .K3 1990
E87.K3 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_406734

Over the earth I come : the great Sioux uprising of 1862 / Duane Schultz

Author:
Schultz, Duane P  Search this
Physical description:
307 p. : ill., map ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
Topic:
Wars, 1862-1865  Search this
Call number:
E83.86.S36 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_427461

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