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Susan K. Power photograph collection of Archambault and Gates families

Collector:
Power, Susan K.  Search this
Photographer:
Fuller & Fansfer, Fort Yates, North Dakota  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Miller, J. Q. (Aberdeen, South Dakota)  Search this
Names:
Two Bears (Dakota Indian)  Search this
Extent:
43 Copy prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of family photographs, including those of the Archambault and Gates families, collected by Susan K. Power. There are studio portraits, images of family members in regalia, and photographs of crafts and paintings; a beaded satchel can be seen in multiple images, including nineteenth and twentieth century photographs. Annotated electrostatic copies of the images and mounts with identifications of pictured individuals are included with the collection.

Identified photographers include Frank B. Fiske; Fuller and Fansfer of Fort Yates, North Dakota; and J. Q. Miller of Aberdeen, South Dakota.
Biographical/Historical note:
Susan K. Power is the great granddaughter of Two Bears, a chief of the Upper Yanktonais.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R89-14
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Fiske photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4602, Photo Lot R82-1, Photo Lot 9, Photo Lot 25, Photo Lot 24, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot R89-14, Susan K. Power photograph collection of Archambault and Gates families, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R89-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r89-14

Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance

Creator:
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Extent:
85 Copy color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1954-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs mostly depicting Sun Dances on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations. They depict Oglala, Dakota, and other Siouan Indians, encampments, wagons, tipis, and a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen E. Feraca was an employee of the Department of the Interior, based at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He earned a masters degree from Columbia University (ca. 1957); his thesis was titled "The contemporary Teton Sioux Sun Dance." He also authored the book Wakinyan: Lakota Religion in the Twentieth Century, University of Nebraska Press, 1998. Feraca retired from the Department of the Interior in 1985.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Feraca held in the National Anthropological Archives in the James Henri Howard Papers.
Provenance:
Originals loaned for copying by Stephen Feraca through Joallyn Archambault, 1989.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Tipis  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-49, Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-49

Jacques Noel Jacobsen photograph collection of American Indian scouts

Collector:
Jacobsen, Jacques Noel  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Indian Scouts  Search this
Extent:
9 Copy prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870-1898
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs depicting American Indian scouts with various United States Army detachments. The collection includes group portraits of Indian scouts at Fort Grant in 1898; as well as images of Sioux scouts in 1870; Pawnee scouts; Apache scouts at San Carlos, circa 1893; Dakota followers of Sitting Bull at Standing Rock reservation in 1877; a squad of Indian police with Lieutenant Maury Nichols and an Indian agent; and a studio portrait of an Apache scout.
Biographical/Historical note:
Jacques Noel Jacobsen is a collector and dealer with a focus on US military antiquities and memorabilia.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R86-39
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Marc Teatum for Jacobsen, circa 1975.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of American Indian scouts can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4423, MS 4536, MS 4659, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 89-8, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Drawings by scouts can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4653 and MS 7500.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Cannot be reproduced without written permission of the donor.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R86-39, Jacques Noel Jacobsen photograph collection of American Indian scouts, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R86-39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r86-39

Cliff Mealy photographs of American Indians observing 100th Anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn

Creator:
Mealy, Cliff  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Floating Foundation of Photography  Search this
Foolscrow, Frank  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Two Moons, Austin Cheyenne  Search this
Extent:
20 Color slides
1 Mounted color print
Culture:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Mounted color prints
Photographs
Place:
Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Cliff Mealy during American Indian Movement ceremonies during the 100th Anniversity of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. They include images of Russell Means, Austin Two Moons, and Frank Foolscrow at the battlefield and at General George Armstrong Custer's gravesite.
Biographical/Historical note:
Cliff Mealy, a New York photographer, traveled to Montana with sponsorship from the Floating Foundation of Photography to document a large ceremony in honor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. The National Park Service had planned a smaller event for June 24, the day before the anniversary, that many American Indians were going to boycott, but ultimately members of the American Indian Movement, led by Dakota Indian Russell Means, did participate. The following day's American Indian observance began with a sunrise ceremony led by Frank Foolscrow.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-72
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 77-72, Cliff Mealy photographs of American Indians observing 100th Anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-72
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-72

Photographs relating to American Indians and buildings

Photographer:
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Matteson, Sumner W., 1867-1920  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Extent:
49 Prints (albumen and silver gelatin)
5 Copy prints
3 Prints (collotype)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Wanapum Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Deadwood (S.D.)
Fort Cummings (N.M.)
White Earth Indian Reservation (Minn.)
Florida
West Virginia
Salt Lake City (Utah)
New Mexico
Charleston (S.C.)
Utah
Washington (State)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of various subjects, including portraits of American Indians made from negatives by the Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum. Depicted individuals include Lamar Richards (also known as Ostin, Tonkawa) and Grant Richards (also known as Sentele, Tonkawa); Turning Hawk, Crow Dog, Spot Tail, Red Leaf, and White Thunder. There are also images of Shuswap Indians dressing hides; Smohalla and Sokulk followers at Priests Rapids, Washington; and American Indians around a campfire at Fort Marion, Florida.

Additionally, there are photographs of St. Columba's Church, White Earth Reservation, Minnesota; Otoe Industrial School; a chapel at the Cheyenne Mowerʹs place, with Mower's son; a sketch of Fort Cummings, New Mexico; buildings and a mound at Charleston, West Virginia; the Tabernacle at Salt Lake City; an American Indian camp with hides drying; American Indians dragging brush in preparation of a medicine lodge; and a wood engraving of a Dakota Ghost Dance, taken from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.

Photographers include William Dinwiddie; De Lancey W. Gill; Sumner W. Matteson; Thomas William Smillie; Cross, of Hot Springs, South Dakota; and C. C. McBride.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 66F
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Dinwiddie can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 89, Photo Lot 141A, Photo Lot 144, Photo Lot 80-18, the BAE historical negatives, and the Herbert William Krieger Papers.
Additional Gill photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 65, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 85, Photo Lot 79-4, Photo Lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds the Sumner W. Matteson collection of photographs, negatives and lantern slides.
Additional Smillie photographs held in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 79, and the BAE historical negatives. The Archives Center, National Museum of American History also holds the Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Mounds  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 66F, Photographs relating to American Indians and buildings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.66F
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-66f

United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Collector:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Depicted:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute Indians -- depicted  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Dakota Indians -- depicted  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Nisqually Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of historical American Indian tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

Bureau of American Ethnology illustrations for publications

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Artist:
Newcomb, Josepha  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Schumacher, Edward G.  Search this
Wright, Mary Irwin  Search this
Extent:
1 Watercolor
3 Prints (silver gelatin)
120 Items (circa 120 line drawings)
20 Graphite drawings
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Watercolor
Prints
Graphite drawings
Photographs
Watercolors
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Mostly images of artifacts, architecture, peoples, and some maps published in various Bureau of American Ethnology publications, particularly the Annual Reports. Most of the line drawings were made by Henry Hobart Nichols, while most of the graphite drawings were possibly created by Edward Schumacher.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-51
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional illustrations for various BAE publications can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 133 and in the records of the BAE.
Information on these illustrations and publications can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the BAE.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Watercolors
Drawings
Citation:
Photo lot 78-51, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-51
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-51

Colonel Gus Artsman photograph collection from Fort Sumner

Collector:
Artsman, Gus, Colonel  Search this
Extent:
4 Copy negatives (35 mm)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mescalero Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy negatives
Place:
Fort Sumner (N.M. : Fort)
Date:
circa 1865
Scope and Contents note:
Three portraits of American Indians of the Southwest, probably Navajo or Mescalero, and one image of two Dakota Indians. The portraits were likely taken at Fort Sumner and may have been made by Artsman. The image of Dakota Indians is likely a commercial photograph.
Biographical/Historical note:
Colonel Gus Artsman was an army officer who served at Ft. Sumner, New Mexico, around 1864-1866.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 78-5
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo lot 78-5, Colonel Gus Artsman photograph collection from Fort Sumner, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.78-5
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-78-5

James E. McClees Studio photographs of American Indian delegates

Creator:
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.) (studio owner and photographer)  Search this
Publisher:
Blackmore Museum (Salisbury, England)  Search this
Photographer:
Cohner, Samuel A.  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Extent:
32 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Cree  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Date:
circa 1850 to 1863
bulk 1857-1858
Scope and Contents note:
Studio portraits made by the James E. McClees Studio and published by the Blackmore Museum, depicting American Indian visitors to Washington, D.C. The series is identified by an 1863 broadside in the collection as "Photographs of some of the principal Chiefs of the North American Indians, made when they have visited Washington as deputations from their Tribes." Yankton, Sisseton, Mdewakanton, Wahpeton, Pawnee, Potawatomi, Sauk and Fox, Ponca, and Ojibwa Indians are represented. Three additional portraits depict men (possibly Cree) and were probably made by a different photographer.
Biographical/Historical note:
James Earl McClees (1821-1887) trained as a daguerreotypist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, before opening a studio in Washington, D.C. in 1857. He was an early user of paper photographic processes and was well-known for photographing delegations of American Indians. His Washington studio, known as the James E. McClees Studio, operated in 1857-1858 with Julian Vannerson (1827-?) and Samuel Cohner as its most established operators. The studio was taken over by Robert W. Addis in 1858. Among Addis's proprietors was Antonio Zeno Schindler, an artist who made copies of photographs for English philanthropist and collector William Blackmore (1827-1878). Blackmore purchased the McClees Studio's negatives from Shindler, later transferring them to the Smithsonian. The Bureau of American Ethnology absorbed the photographs upon its formation in 1878-1879.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4286
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional McClees Studio and Vannerson photographs held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives and Photo Lot 4420.
Glass negatives relating to William Henry Blackmore, including copies of photographs collected by Blackmore, held in the British Museum and in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 31 and the BAE historical negatives.
Artifacts collected by Blackmore held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accessions 1846, 2371, and 1826.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
James E. McClees photographs of American Indian delegates, circa 1850 to 1863
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 4286, James E. McClees Studio photographs of American Indian delegates, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4286
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4286

MS 935 Comparative vocabulary of Winnebago, Omaha, Ponka, and Dakota

Creator:
Williamson, Thomas S. (Thomas Smith), 1800-1879  Search this
Addressee:
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878  Search this
Extent:
34 Pages
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Ponka  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
March 19, 1868
Scope and Contents:
With grammatical notes and letter of transmittal to Joseph Henry. Autograph letter signed. 2 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 935
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 935, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS935
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms935

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Juaneño Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

MS 7504 The 17th Annual United Tribes International Powwow, Bismarck, North Dakota

Creator:
Sciacchintano, Portia  Search this
Names:
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United Tribes Educational Technical Center  Search this
Gipp, David M.  Search this
Plume, Randy (Dakota)  Search this
Spotted Bear, Alyce  Search this
Extent:
40 Pages
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1986
Scope and Contents:
Description of a powwow sponsored by the United Tribes Educational Technical Center and people at the powwow, including David Gipp, Mandan, president of the center; Randy Plume, a Pine Ridge Sioux, director of the powwow; and Alyce Spotted Bear, the chairman of the Three Affiliated Tribes.
Local Note:
Typescript manuscript
Topic:
Powwows  Search this
Dances  Search this
United Tribes International Powwow, Bismarck, North Dakota, 1986  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7504, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7504
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7504

MS 61 American Indian vocabularies and grammatical notes

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Tyler, Leonard  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Taylor, Rubin  Search this
Indian N.E. of Agency  Search this
Indian names at Darlington  Search this
Petter, Rodolphe Charles, 1865-1947  Search this
Block, Philip, Darlington, Oklahoma  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Hawkins, Kish  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Magpie  Search this
Wolf Face (Cheyenne)  Search this
Bent, James  Search this
Bent, George, 1843-1918  Search this
Extent:
53 Pages
Culture:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1893
Scope and Contents:
From Leonard Tyler - text with interlinear translation, (Muihas or the Magpie) - 3 pages (No. 5-7). From David Pendleton (Making Medicine) - words - 4 1/2 pages. (No. 13-17). From Rubin Taylor - words and sentences - 3 pages. (No. 17-20). From Indian N.E. of Agency - words, 1/2 page. (No. 21). Names of Indians at Darlington - 6 names (page No. 21). Rudolph Petter - Collection of words - 2 pages (No. 22-23). Philip Block - Notes on different Indians by tribes - 1 page (No. 24). James Mooney - tribal names for the Cheyenne by the Yankton, Kiowa, Teton, Navajo and Arapaho. - 1/2 page. (No. 51)
Stephen R. Riggs - Dakota Grammar - extracts from. Approx. 20 pages. (Contributions Vol. IX (1893) ). Kish Hawkins - sentences - 3 pages. (No. 8-10). grammatical notes - 25 pages. (25-50). grammatical notes - 18 pages. (72-90). James Bent - Comparative Vocabulary of the Caddo, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Wichita - 1 page. (No. 90). Ditto - Arapaho and Cheyenne - 6 pages. (No. 91-96). Wolf Face - Notes on Cheyenne - 3 1/4 pages. (No. 97-100). Natural Philosophy - 3 pages. (No. 101-103). George Bent - list of personal names - 1 1/4 pages. (No.106-7).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 61
Place:
Darlington Oklahoma Territory
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Yankton dialect  Search this
Kiowa language  Search this
Navajo language  Search this
Arapaho language  Search this
Caddo language  Search this
Wichita language  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Arrapahoe  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 61, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS61
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms61
Online Media:

MS 4959 Photographs of drawings made for Captain Bethel in 1888

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Depicted:
Kill Bear, Cheyenne  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Tall Bull, circa 1853-  Search this
Extent:
21 Negatives (19 prints)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
1969
Scope and Contents:
Titles include: 1.Tall Bull, Cheyenne, escaping from the Utes. 2.Common occurrence in Running Buffalo. 3.Tall Bull, a Cheyenne Brave, Killing Two Pawnees. 4.Crow and Cheyenne Warriors. 5.Kill Bear. 6.Tall Bull, Cheyenne, Killing a Navaho. 7.Cheyenne Brave Killing a Crow. 8.Fight between Soldiers and Cheyennes. 9.Cheyenne Killing a Pawnee. 10.Cheyenne Killing a Ute. 11.Cheyenne Killing two Kiowa women. 12.Kiowa Brave. 13.Making Medicine. 14.Dance of the Cheyenne Soldiers. 15.Untitled (dance with chiefs and musicians). 16.Sioux Indian hunting deer. 17.Sioux Woman and Cheyenne man. 18.Cheyenne to the Rescue. 19.Cheyenne Chiefs Reviewing their young men. 20.Sho-sho-nees in pursuit of Cheyennes. 21.Grand War Dance in Costume of the Cheyennes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4959
Local Note:
photographs
Restrictions:
Restricted
Rights:
Negatives made 11/26/1969. For reference purposes only. Requests for prints should be directed to the Fort Leavenworth Museum.
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Crow  Search this
War -- Pawnee  Search this
War -- Navaho  Search this
War -- Ute  Search this
War -- Kiowa  Search this
War -- Shoshoni  Search this
Grand War Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hunting -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Cheyenne  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4959, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4959
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4959

MS 4886 Lithographs of American Indians

Creator:
Pettrich, Ferdinand, 1798-1872  Search this
Extent:
6 Lithographs
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mohegan Indians -- (identification uncertain)  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Sac  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Date:
1842
Scope and Contents:
Printed by Ed. Weber & Co., Baltimore, 1842. Inscribed, "Drawn on stone by Ferdinand Pettrich," and numbered Plates I-V with brief captions for the individual portraits and scenes illustrated. The tribes represented are "Sious of the Mississippi," Winnebago, Creek, Yankton Sious," Sac, Fox, and "Mohcogonuck" (Mohegan?).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4886
Topic:
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lithographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4886, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4886
See more items in:
MS 4886 Lithographs of American Indians
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4886

Photographs taken at Standing Rock Reservation, 1927 and 1932 and one Mandan photograph

Photographer:
Fisher, Clyde  Search this
Names:
Black Horse  Search this
Crow Man  Search this
Fisher, Clyde  Search this
Floating Cloud  Search this
Frosted, Tom  Search this
Gray Dog  Search this
Grey Whirlwind  Search this
Little Soldier  Search this
Long Chase Mrs.  Search this
Mossman, E. D. Supt  Search this
Seton, Ernest Thompson, 1860-1946  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
Zahn, Frank  Search this
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Catalog Number 4722: Dakota "Supt. E. D. Mossman at Standing Rock" Agency building Photographer: Clyde Fisher Date: 1927. Clyde Fisher and Frank Zahn examining concretions along Cannon-ball River" Clyde Fisher 1927. "Sitting Bull's Grave, Fort Yates, N. D." Clyde Fisher 1927. "Ernest Thompson Seton at Sitting Bull's grave, Fort Yates, N. D." Clyde Fisher 1927. "Grey Whirlwind Taking to Ernest Thompson Seton by sign-language. Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1927 BAE Copy Negative Number 43,196. "Sioux Women Dancing, Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1927. "William Zahn and his woman, Floating Cloud, Solen, N. D." Clyde Fisher 1927. "White Bear (Tom Frosted) at Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1927. "Clyde Fisher and Frank Zahn at Sitting Bull's grave, Fort Yates, N. D." Clyde Fisher 1932. "Little Soldier, Sioux, survivor of the Custer Battle, Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1932 BAE Copy Negative Number 45,877. "Sioux Woman and child at Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1932. "Mrs Long Chase, daughter of Afraid-of-Bear, Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1932. "The daughters of Clyde Fisher at The Standing Rock" Clyde Fisher 1932. Left to right: Black Horse, White Bear, Crow Man, Gray Dog. Standing Rock Reservation, Fort Yates, North Dakota Clyde Fisher 1932. "Replica of Mandan Earthlodge on Capitol-grounds, Bismark, N. D" Clyde Fisher.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4722
Local Note:
Filed: original prints, by tribe.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- earthlodge  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4722, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4722
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4722

D.S. Mitchell Photographs

Photographer:
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Howard  Search this
Names:
6 Feather  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Black Bear, Dakota  Search this
Chief Black Coal (Arapaho)  Search this
Feather Head  Search this
Friday (Arapaho Indian)  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Little Big Man.  Search this
Little Wolf  Search this
Little Wound  Search this
Long Bull  Search this
Money  Search this
Pawnee Killer  Search this
Red Cloud, DakotaOglala  Search this
Red Dog (Oglala chief)  Search this
Red Shirt, Dakota  Search this
Rockey Bear  Search this
Sharp Nose  Search this
Slow Bull, Dakota  Search this
Stands First  Search this
The one that Sleeps  Search this
Three Bears  Search this
Walking Cane  Search this
Washington Enlisted Man  Search this
White Bird, Dakota  Search this
White Horse  Search this
Yellow Bear  Search this
Young Man Afraid Of His Horses, Dakota  Search this
Extent:
31 Prints
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Dakota Indians -- (identification uncertain)  Search this
Dakota -- Oglala  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
ca. 1860's
Scope and Contents:
Relate to Arapaho(s), Dakota (some Oglala) and probably Dakota Indians (25), most on mount of D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming, others on unprinted mounts; and 1 Shoshoni photograph on mount of Howard, Fort San[ders ?], Wyoming Territory. All on carte de visite style mounts.
Catalog Number 4754: (1) Tribe: Arapaho Description: "Sharp Nose" Photographer: D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,703. (2) Arapaho "White Horse" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 132-c. (3) Arapaho "Friday" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,704. (4) Arapaho "Black Coal" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,705. (5) Cheyenne "Little Wolf" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 54,855-B. (6) Dakota (Oglala) "Red Cloud" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3237-d. (7) Dakota (Oglala) "American Horse" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3214-c. (8) Dakota (Oglala) "Little Big Man" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3215-b. (9) Dakota (Oglala) "Three Bears" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3207-b. (10) Dakota (Oglala) "He Dog" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3229-b. (11) Dakota (Oglala) Red Dog D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3208-b. (12) Dakota (Oglala) "Little Wound" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3219-b. (13) Dakota (Oglala) "Slow Bull" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,717. (14) Dakota (Oglala) Young Man Afraid of His Horses D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne , Wyoming Negative Number 55,718. (15) Dakota (Oglala) "Red Shirt" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,719.
Catalog Number 4754: Tribe: (16) Dakota Description: "Rockey Bear" Photographer: D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 3711-o-1. (17) Dakota "The one that Sleeps Negative Number 3711-p. (18) Dakota "Long Bull" Negative Number 3656-c. (19) Dakota "Washington Enlisted Man" See (20), below Negative Number 3655-d. (29) Dakota "Stands First" Same individual as (19), above. Bureau of American Ethnology file print gives name as Stands First Negative Number 55,708. (20) Dakota "Pawnee Killer" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,707. (21) [Dakota ?] Man wearing three-cornered hat, holding pipe D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,709. (22) [Dakota ?] "6 Feather" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,710. (25) [Dakota ?] "Little Wolf" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,713. (23) [Dakota ?] "Black Bear" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negaive Number 55,711. (24) [Dakota ?] "White Bird" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,712. (26) [Dakota ?] "Walking Cane" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,714. (27) [Dakota ?] "Money" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,715. (19) ? [Dakota ?] "Yellow Bear" D. S. Mitchell, Eddy Street, Cheyenne, Wyoming Negative Number 55,706. (28) [Dakota ?] "Feather Head Negative Number 55,716. Shoshoni "Shoshone Squaw" Photographer: Howard, Fort San[ders ?], Wyoming Territory Negative Number 55,720.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4754
Local Note:
Copy negatives are on file for all (Negatives 54,855-B and 55,703-55,720 made 2/66; others were previously on file.)
Filed: Original prints, by tribe.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4754, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4754
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4754

MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Iowa Indians  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Siletz Indians  Search this
Kusan  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yakonan Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

Letter

Creator:
Tooker, William Wallace  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Trenton -- New Jersey -- Archeology -- Early man
Date:
September 18, 1897
Scope and Contents:
Regarding Paleolithic man at Trenton, New Jersey, and James Mooneyʹs study of the Dakota Indians.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref16

MS 4234 Comparative notes on Siouan languages

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
8 Items (slips )
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Woccon  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Comparative vocabulary, 117 items, in English, Hidatsa, Ofo, Mandan, Dakota, Biloxi, Tutelo, Osage and (a few) Winnebago. 3 pages. Comparison of 24 words: English, Catawba, Ofo, Tutelo, Dakota and Quapaw. 1 slip. Synonyms for the name "Ofo". 1 slip. Summary of history of classification of Tutelo, Catawba, and Woccon as Siouan. 1 slip.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4234
Local Note:
typescript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4234, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4234
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4234

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