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Gene J. Crediford photographs of Native Americans of South Carolina

Creator:
Crediford, Gene J.  Search this
Extent:
2 Booklets (2 booklets with halftone images)
6 Mounted color prints
14 Mounted prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Pee Dee Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Booklets
Mounted color prints
Mounted prints
Date:
1984-1987
Scope and Contents note:
Images of Pee Dee, Edisto, Santee and Catawba people, Native American churches and religious practices, powwows, pottery and pottery making, and the interior of a home at Four Holes Indian Community. The photographs are part of a portfolio that also includes a brochure, entitled "Sara Ayers: the Most Noted Catawba Potter" and an exhibit guide, entitled "Contemporary Native Americans in South Carolina: A Photo Documentation Covering the Years 1983-1985," both illustrated by Gene Crediford photographs.
Biographical/Historical note:
Gene J. Crediford is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of South Carolina and a professional photographer. He previously taught in the Department of Media Arts at the University of Southern California, and has authored and illustrated books. His photographs have been exhibited in Pennsylvania, South Carolina, North Carolina, and West Virginia.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-31
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Thomas Cooper Library at the University of South Carolina holds photographs by Crediford.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Photographs are under copyright by the photographer.
Topic:
Christianity  Search this
Religion  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 89-31, Gene J. Crediford photographs of Native Americans of South Carolina, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-31

Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to Native Americans

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Photographer:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Extent:
2 Prints (etching or engraving)
13 Prints (albumen)
230 Copy prints (circa)
1 Chromolithograph
179 Cyanotypes
200 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Wenatchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Chromolithographs
Cyanotypes
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs mostly commissioned and collected by personnel in the Bureau of American Ethnology. Most of the photographs are studio portraits of Native Americans made by the Bureau of American Ethnology and Smithsonian Institution, possibly for physical anthropologist Ales Hrdlicka. There are also photographs made by Truman Michelson among the Catawba tribe, copies of illustrations and drawings, and various images of archeological sites and artifacts.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2M, USNM ACC 42191
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many photographs in this collection held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Michelson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 13, Photo Lot 24, MS 2139, and MS 4365-c.
Additional Hillers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 143, Photo Lot 83-18, Photo Lot 87-2N, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-46, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo Lot 143, Photo Lot R82-10, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-3, the records of the Department of Anthropology, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Smillie photographs held in the National Museum of American History Archives Center in the Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives and in Smithsonian Institution Archives SIA Acc. 05-123.
Additional Gardner photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Associated busts and molds held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 42191.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 87-2M, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.87-2M
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-87-2m

MS 2028 Notebook containing North American Indian and other vocabularies collected by A.S. Gatschet and others, and miscellaneous notes and bibliographic references

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Loew, O. (Oscar), 1844-  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875  Search this
Informant:
Antonia, Marie  Search this
Extent:
216 Items (ca. 216 pages)
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Yohuns  Search this
Yojuane  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kasua  Search this
Tongva (Gabrielino Mission)  Search this
Poospatuck  Search this
Apache  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Carib  Search this
Arawak  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Guatuso  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Chibcha  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Unkechaug  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1890's
Scope and Contents:
The material is in the handwriting of A.S. Gatschet, in a composition book. In the same volume are numerous miscellaneous notes, many in German script; brief bibliographic notes, and notes of an apparently personal nature. There are also extracts from the Codex Wangianus, from Charles Lyell, and from others. In addition, there is a Chinese vocabulary in Chinese characters, on pages 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, and one sheet pasted in book.
Partial contents: Carib terms (obtained from Maria Antonia, a native of Rio Frio, Costa Rica (or Chulpan, native name), 6 pages. Guatuso words, 3 pages. (same source.) Apache words and sentences, page 112. Santa Ana vocabulary (additional page.) Hopi vocabulary, page 113. Jemez vocabulary, page 113. Tehua (Tewa) page 114. Isleta vocabulary, page 114. Yohuns (Yojuane) vocabulary, page 115. Notes to vocabularies, page 115. Dakota language (words, etc.) page 122-129. Apache language (words, etc.) page 130. Dakota (Santee), page 131. Hidatsa, page 132. List of American languages, pages 133-138. Nevome grammatical notes, page 148. (Kasua) vocabulary, pages 151-152. Tobikhars (Gabrieleno) vocabulary, page 153. Island of LaCruz page 154 (from California Farmer- 1836). Few Poosepatuck words, page 154. Received by A.S. Gatschet, September 6, 1875. Chibcha vocabulary pages 155-170. Arawak language of Guiana in its linguistic and ethnological relations. By D.G. Brinton (1871) - Extracts from, pages 188-190. Chabas, les Papyrus---de Berlin, 1863- vocabulary in hieroglyphic symbols, pages 194-5. Hidatsa vocabulary, pages 206-208.
Page 114- Brief discussion of location of "Tehua" (Tanoan) pueblos. Gatschet, A.S. Pages 151-52 in notebook- "Kasua" vocabulary. June, 1875. Loew, Oscar. Page 153- Brief vocabulary of the "Tobokhars, extinct tribe at the San Gabriel Mission, collected from an old sick chief, [by] Oscar Lowe, June, 1875...(Fernando Quinto, who recollects Fremont's Exped..." This is not the same as the main "Tobikhar" vocabulary from Lowe in Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript 774. Page 113- Note on "Moqui" (Hopi) language, with brief vocabulary. Gatschet, A.S. 1 slip bound between pages 112-113 in notebook- Eleven words and phrases of the Santa Ana or Silla language. Gatschet, A.S. Pages 122-129-Dakota vocabularies. 1890's? Autograph document. Gatschet, A.S.
Contents: Carib terms (obtained from Maria Antonia (or Chulpan, native name), 6 pages. Guatuso words, 3 pages (same source) Apache words and sentences, page 112. Santa Ana vocabulary (additional page) Hopi vocabulary page 113. Jemez vocabulary page 113. Tehua (Tewa) page 114. Isleta vocabulary page 114. Yohuns (Yojuane) vocabulary page 115. Notes to vocabularies, page 115. Dakota language (words, etc.) pages 122-129. Apache language (words, etc.) page 130. Dakota (Santee) page 131. Hidatsa page 132. List of American Languages, pages 133-138. Nevome grammatical notes page 148. Kasua vocabulary pages 151-152. Tobikhars (Gabrieleno) vocabulary page 153. Island of LaCruz page 154 8from California Farmer - 1836). Few Poosepatuck words, page 154. Received from A. S. Gatschet September 6, 1875. Chibcha vocabulary pages 155-170. Arawak language of Guiana in its linguistic and ethnological relations By D. G. Brinton (1871) - Extracts from pages 188-190 Chabas, les Papyrus --- de Berlin, 1863- vocabulary in hieroglyphic symbols, page 194-5. Hidatsa vocabulary pages 206-208.
Contents: Tanoan. Gatschet, A. S. Brief discussion of location of "Tehua" (Tanoan) pueblos. 1/3 page, page 114. Barbareno Chumash. Loew, Oscar. "Kasua" vocabulary. June, 1875. Pages 151-52 in notebook. Gabrielino. Loew, Oscar. Brief vocabulary of "Tobikhars, extinct tribe at the San Gabriel Mission, collected from an old sick chief, [by] Oscar Loew, June, 1875...(Fernando Quinto. who recollects Fremont's Exped..." Page 153 in notebook. This is not the same as the main "Tobikhar" vocabulary from Loew in Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript 774. Hopi. Gatschet, A. S. Note on "Moqui" (Hopi) language, with brief vocabulary. Page 113 (1/4 page) in notebook. Page 113 on Microfilm Negative Reel 11 (Hopi manuscript reel). Sia. Gatschet, A. S. Eleven words and phrases of the Santa Ana or Silla language. 1 slip, bound between pages 112-113 in notebook. Dakota Gatschet, A. S. Dakota vocabularies. [1890s ?] Autograph document. 7 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2028
Topic:
Vocabularies -- American Indian  Search this
Writing systems -- hieroglyphics  Search this
Writing systems -- Chinese  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2028, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2028
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2028

William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
J. Gurney & Son  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Ulke, Henry, 1821-1910  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Names:
Hayden Survey  Search this
Powell-Thompson Survey  Search this
Extent:
9 Albums (circa 4000 prints, albumen (some copies))
Culture:
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Wyandot Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Stockbridge Indians  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Uinta Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minneconjou Lakota (Minniconjou Sioux)  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Miami  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents note:
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of Native American delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Tribes and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.

The albums were probably by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4420
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4420

General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs

Collector:
Grier, William Nicholson, General, 1812-1885  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfenstein, V (Valentin), 1844-1909  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Extent:
0.03 Linear feet
10 Photographic prints
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1868-1884
Summary:
The General William Nicholson Grier photograph collection contains 10 photographs that Grier collected related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The photographs include depictions of Carlisle Indian School students circa 1879-1884 and portraits of the 1868 Navajo Treaty signers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 10 photographs that were collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The collection includes 6 photographs of Carlisle Indian School students and visitors that were photographed by photographer John N. Choate circa 1879-1884, and one portrait of Chief Standing Bear (also known as Mochunozhi or Ma-chu-nu-zhe).

The most significant photographs in this collection are three albumen prints shot by Valentin Wolfenstein between March and June 1868. Photograph P20819 depicts an outdoor portrait most likely of the Navajo Treaty signers at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. This photograph is one of only two known photographs depicting this scene (the other copy is at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology).
Biographical / Historical:
William Nicholson Grier was born on June 11, 1812 in Northumberland, Pennsylvania. After graduating from West Point U.S. Military Academy in New York, he served as a Major of the 2nd U.S. Regular Cavalry during the Civil War and later as a Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st U.S. Regular Cavalry. Throughout his 35 year military career, Grier served in a number of capacities. His posts included serving at Fort Carlisle, Pennsylvania from April 1866 to April 1868, where he was Superintendent of Mounted Recruiting Service and was promoted to Colonel of the 3rd Cavalry. He then served as Commander at Fort Union in New Mexico from July 12, 1868 to May 1870. Grier retired on Dec. 15, 1870. He passed away on July 8, 1885 in Napa City, California and was buried in Northumberland, PA.

Between 1863 and 1866, the U.S. Army forced almost 12,000 Diné (Navajo) people from their ancestral homelands and relocated them 400 miles away to Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico. On June 1, 1868, General William T. Sherman and Colonel Samuel F. Tappen met in Fort Sumner with Diné (Navajo) leaders led by Chief Barboncito to negotiate a treaty to allow the Diné (Navajo) to return to their ancestral homelands.

Valentin Wolfenstein, a Swedish-American photographer, was at Fort Sumner, New Mexico from March to July of 1868 and photographed the events before and after the Navajo Treaty signing. The Diné (Navajo) set of photographs in this collection have been attributed to many different photographers over the years, but Wolfenstein is believed to be the original photographer. Based on an excerpt from his journal, a few scholars believed that Wolfenstein could have sold his photographic equipment and photographs to Nicholas Brown, and this belief, along with later reprinting of the Barboncito portrait, may have led to some misattribution of Wolfenstein's work to N. Brown and Son and the Browns' work to Wolfenstein.

John Nicholas Choate (1848-1902) was the official photographer of the Carlisle Indian School from the school's founding in 1879 to his death in 1902. The Carlisle Indian School was the first non-reservation government-supported Indian school. Choate sold his photographs as a series of cabinet cards, cartes-de-visite, and stereographs.

It is likely that Grier collected the Diné (Navajo) photographs when he served at Fort Union in New Mexico, immediately following the 1868 Navajo Treaty. Presumably, Grier collected the Carlisle Indian School photographs in this collection after his retirement from the U.S. Army, in connection to his service at Fort Carlisle.
Related Materials:
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also holds photographs related to the Navajo Treaty signing shot by Valentin Wolfenstein.

The National Anthrolopogical Archives also holds photographs shot by Valentin Wolfenstein and glass plate negatives shot by John N. Choate.
Separated Materials:
Gerneral William Nicholson Grier's grandson Robert C. Campbell also donated objects to NMAI in 1963 (NMAI Catalog numbers 232812-232855). These objects were collected by Grier during his military career.
Provenance:
Collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) during his service with the US Army (1835-1870); inherited by his daughter, Anna Grier Campbell (1848-ca. 1915) and then by her son Robert C. Campbell (1891-1966); donated to Museum of the American Indian by Robert C. Campbell in 1963 in memory of his grandfather.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs, Photograph Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.126
See more items in:
General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-126
Online Media:

B. Warren Signor audio recording of Songs of the Sioux

Creator:
Signor, B. Warren  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording
0.01 Linear feet
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1945-1949
Summary:
This collection consists of 1 reel-to-reel audio tape and 2 manuscript pages of descriptive material related to the Songs of the Sioux audio tape.
Scope and Contents:
The B. Warren Signor audio recording of Songs of the Sioux consists of 1 reel-to-reel audio tape and 2 manuscript pages of descriptive material related to the songs on the audio tape. Signor moved to the northern Great Plains where in the late 1940s he recorded Songs of the Sioux while working with members of the Dakota (Eastern Sioux) tribe. Songs include: Grass Song, War Dance, Kahomanie, Stump Dance, Prize Dance, Brave Heart, Warbonnet, and Midnight Dance. As of June 2018, this audio tape has not been listened to, so information about material on tape cannot be verified.
Arrangement:
The manuscript materials are arranged in a folder and the reel-to-reel audio tape is housed in an archival box. These materials are stored with their corresponding format types.
Biographical / Historical:
B. Warren Signor was born in Oregon, and pursued a career in classical music, obtaining his degree from the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Soon after receiving his degree, he and his wife, Ethel Rosenau Signor, moved to the northern Great Plains where in the late 1940s he recorded Songs of the Sioux while working with members of the Dakota (Eastern Sioux) tribe. Signor later relocated to Lake Charles, Louisiana, where he was employed with McNeese State University as a professor of music, and a conductor with the Lake Charles Civic Symphony Orchestra. He died in 1976.
Provenance:
Gift of Pamela Graybeal in memory of B. Warren Signor in 2017.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday – Friday, 9:30am – 4:30pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

As of June 2018, the reel-to-reel audio tape has not been digitized, and is therefore not available for research use.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); B. Warren Signor audio recording of Songs of the Sioux, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.109
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-109

MS 4777 Letter introducing "Tate-iyo-pas[?]-mani," a Sisseton Dakota chief

Creator:
Galbraith, Thomas J.  Search this
Names:
Tate-iyo-pas[?]-mani  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
July 17, 1861
Scope and Contents:
Requests "all persons...to respect this man and treat him kindly." The name is perhaps Tate iyopta mani [Wind moves on (forward) as a cloud].
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4777
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Sioux (Eastern)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4777, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4777
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4777

MS 4776 Ethnology of the Region about the Valley of the Red River of the North, near Fort Abercrombie, Dakota Territory

Creator:
Gardner, W. H. (William Henry), 1837-  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
December 31, 1868
Scope and Contents:
Enclosed as "Report F" in a letter (now missing) to the Military Division of the Missouri.
Biographical / Historical:
Gardner was Assistant Surgeon and Brevet Major, U.S.A., at Fort Abercrombie.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4776
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Sioux (Eastern)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4776, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4776
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4776

William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs

Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Names:
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Extent:
61 Photographic prints
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Fort Laramie (Wyo.)
Kansas
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1866-1868
Summary:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations. This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Photographs depict American Indian tribes and Peace Commissioners involved in the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty; photographs shot along the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division in 1867; and photographs of American Indian delegations visiting Washington, D. C. from 1866-1868.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 61 albumen prints that were shot by photographer Alexander Gardner circa 1866-1868 and held in General William T. Sherman's personal collection. Among the photographs are depictions that were shot in and around Fort Laramie, Wyoming during the 1868 peace treaty negotiations between the U.S. Government and tribal leaders from several American Indian Northern Plains tribes including Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho); survey photographs shot in Kansas in 1867 for the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division (later renamed the Kansas Pacific Railway); and portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. including Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Kaw (Kansa), Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), and Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) tribes, 1866-1868. Some of the photographs in this collection, particularly those in Series 2, may have been shot by photographers working with Gardner such as Dr. William A. Bell (1841-1921), William Redish Pywell, and Lawrence Gardner (Alexander Gardner's son).
Arrangement:
This collection is intellectually arranged in three series. Series 1: Fort Laramie, Wyoming, Series 2: Kansas Pacific Railroad, Series 3: Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C.

The photographs are physically arranged in eight boxes according to the following: size, conservation work, and series. Within each box they are arranged by photo number. The photographs in boxes 1-4 had conservation work performed by a photo conservator in 2014.
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Gardner (1821-1882) was a photographer best known for his portraits of President Abraham Lincoln, his American Civil War photographs, and his photographs of American Indian delegations.

Gardner was born in Paisley, Scotland on October 17, 1821 to James Gardner and Jean Glenn. He worked in a number of positions including as a jeweler, journalist, and editor before entering the field of photography circa 1855.

In 1856, Gardner immigrated to the United States with his wife Margaret Sinclair Gardner, his son Lawrence Gardner, and his daughter Eliza Gardner and later that year he began working as a photographer in Mathew Brady's gallery in New York. While working for Brady, it is thought that Gardner invented the "imperial print," a large photograph printed on approximately 21 x 17 inch paper that was often enhanced with hand-coloring and ink. Wealthy politicians and businessmen were among the clients who sat for their photographic portraits in the Brady studio and paid as much as $50- $500 per imperial print (today the equivalent of about $1,000 to 10,000).

By 1858, Gardner was managing Brady's gallery at 352 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. When the U.S. Civil War broke out in 1861, Gardner was part of Brady's photography team that documented battle aftermaths and military campsites for the Union. Gardner left the Brady studio circa late 1862 and established his own studio in Washington, D.C. where he continued photographing the war along with his brother James Gardner, and other former Brady photographers including Timothy O'Sullivan.

During the war he documented the remnants of important battle scenes including the Battle of Antietam (1862) and the Battle of Gettysburg (1863). Gardner published 100 of his Civil War images in the publication Gardner's Photographic Sketchbook of the War. The two volume work included photographs shot by additional photographers including O'Sullivan and John Reekie.

In addition to war photography, Gardner was also a portrait photographer and photographed many civilians, soldiers, and politicians in Washington, D.C. Between the years 1861-1865, Gardner photographed President Abraham Lincoln on seven different occasions, including both inaugurations, as well as studio portrait sittings. On July 7, 1865, Gardner was the only photographer allowed to photograph the execution of four conspirators in the President Lincoln assassination.

In 1866, Gardner along with Antonio Zeno Shindler and Julian Vannerson were contracted to photograph portraits of American Indian delegates visiting Washington, D.C. Between the years 1866 to 1868, Gardner photographed many tribes in his studio including Iowa, Sac and Fox, Kaw (Kansa), Dakota, and Lakota. In 1868, Gardner was hired by the U.S. Government to serve as photographer for the peace talks that took place in Fort Laramie, Wyoming. During this trip, Gardner photographed the Lakota (Sioux), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne), and Northern Inunaina (Northern Arapaho) tribes. Among the government officials at Fort Laramie that Gardner photographed was General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891). Sherman served as a General for the Union Army during the Civil War and later in 1869 became the Commanding General of the U.S. Army under President Ulysses Grant's administration. A member of the Peace Commission established in 1867, Sherman traveled to negotiate treaties with American Indian Plains tribes. Upon returning to Washington, D.C., Gardner published a set of his Fort Laramie photographs in the publication, Scenes in Indian Country. Members of the Peace Commission were given photo portfolios and it is believed that the photos in this collection may have been from General Sherman's personal set. Gardner went on to become the official photographer for the Office of Indian Affairs in 1872.

In his later years, Gardner also was involved in philanthropic causes, such as helping to establish the Masonic Mutual Relief Association which aided widows and orphans of Master Masons. He also founded the Saint John's Mite Association which provided aid to the poor in Washington, D.C. Alexander Gardner died in Washington, D.C. in 1882.
Related Materials:
Alexander Gardner photographs are housed in many archival and museum repositories. Photographs from the Scenes in Indian Country series are also held in the Newberry Library in Chicago, the Missouri Historical Society, the Minnesota Historical Society, and the St. Louis Mercantile Library in Missouri.
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were originally owned by General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) and may have been part of a portfolio of photographs that Alexander Gardner gifted to Sherman and other Fort Laramie Treaty peace commissioners. Photographs were then donated to the Museum of the American Indian (MAI) by Sherman's son P(hilemon) Tecumseh Sherman (1867-1941) in May 1932 and by Sherman's granddaughter Eleanor Sherman Fitch (1876-1959) in March 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Railroads -- Construction  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.077
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-077
Online Media:

MS 2193 List of "Saponi Names"

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Addressee:
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Saponi Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
List compiled by Mooney. Includes letter from Dorsey to H.W. Henshaw, giving comparative information from other Siouan languages. October 14, 1890. Typescript and autograph letter signed. 2 pages. Also note from Gatschet to Mooney giving some Biloxi, Catawba and Tutelo comparisons. No date. Autograph letter. 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2193
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
Names -- Souan -- Eastern  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2193, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2193
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2193

Copies of Stanley J. Morrow photographs

Creator:
Morrow, Stanley J.  Search this
Extent:
434 Copy prints
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
South Dakota
Date:
circa 1865-1887
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Stanley J. Morrow depicting Plains Indians, agencies, and United States Army installations and expeditions. About half of the subjects relate to American Indians, including Arikara, Hidatsa, Mandan, Ponca, Crow, Cheyenne, Bannock, Hunkpapa, Oglala, and other Teton Sioux including "Loafer Band," Yanktonai, Santee, Sisseton and Wahpeton. The rest include views of Yankton, Vermillion, Deadwood and Rapid City in the 1880s; Civil War scenes; the Battle of Slim Buttes (1876); the reburial expedition at Little Big Horn (1877); and Morrow family portraits. Though the bulk of the photographs appear to have been made by Morrow, some were likely created by other photographers.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stanley J. Morrow (1843-1921) was a pioneer photographer who documented American Indians, forts and agencies, and military expeditions, largely in the Great Plains region. Born in Richland County, Ohio, Morrow received his first training in photography as Matthew B. Brady's volunteer assistant (ca. 1863-1865) in the US Army. Morrow was mustered out of the army in early 1865 and returned to Wisconsin to marry Iza Ketchum. Late in 1868, Morrow and his family moved to Yankton, Dakota Territory, where he opened a studio. In 1874, Morrow opened a branch photo gallery in St. Helena, Nebraska, and photographed the territorial legislature. Morrow was an official photographer under the command of General George Crook after the battle of the Little Big Horn, photographing the Battle of Slim Buttes in September 1876. He was also the photographer for the initial reburial expedition at Little Big Horn under W. K. Sanderson in 1877. The Morrow family moved to Florida in 1883, though Stanley Morrow continued to photograph in the South and East until his death.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R4468
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Stanley J. Morrow photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 140, MS 4751, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo lot 79, MS 4720, and the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds Stanley J. Morrow photographs and negative collection, and Morrow photographs in the General Nelson A. Miles collection.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Permission to publish must be obtained from the Over Museum which has the copy negatives and is planning publication of some of the collection.
Topic:
Slim Buttes, Battle of, S.D., 1876  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R4468, Copies of Stanley J. Morrow photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R4468
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r4468

Robert M. Farring Jr. photographs of Native American delegations

Creator:
Faring, Robert M. Jr  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61 Prints (silver gelatin)
169 Polaroid prints (color)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Uinta Indians  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Vietnamese  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
French  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Washoe Indians  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Colville  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Polaroid prints
Photographs
Date:
1967-1971
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting tribal delegates, probably made by Robert M. Farring during tribal group visits to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Washington office. Many of the photographs were originally mounted in notebooks with identification of pictured individuals and their affiliations.
Biographical/Historical note:
Robert M. Farring, Jr. is an employee in the Tribal Operations office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 85-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Native American delegations can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4286, MS 4638, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Delegations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 85-21, Robert M. Farring Jr. photograph collection of Indian delegations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.85-21
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-85-21

Henry Milton Whelpley photographs relating to Pipestone and Flandreau

Creator:
Whelpley, H. M. (Henry Milton), 1861-1926  Search this
Collector:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Extent:
9 Mounted prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Flandreau (S.D.)
Pipestone (Minn.)
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Henry Milton Whelpley in Minnesota and South Dakota in August 1902. Images depict people and pictographs at a quarry in Pipestone, Minnesota, as well as individuals including Mrs. Keochsmoney (Walk Fast and Strike), Dr. Isaac Stinger, and others near Keochsmoney's house in Flandreau, South Dakota.
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. Henry Milton Whelpley (1861-1926) was a pharmacist in St. Louis, Missouri, a collector of Native American artifacts and an amateur archeologist. Born in Michigan, he graduated from the St. Louis College of Pharmacy in 1883. After a brief period managing a drug store in Mine La Motte, he settled in St. Louis. There he became an editor for the St. Louis Druggist (later the Meyer Brothers Druggist) in 1884 and taught at the St. Louis College of Pharmacy. He later took a teaching post in the medical department at Washington University in St. Louis and received the Remington Medal in 1925 for outstanding achievement in the pharmaceutical profession. In addition to his pharmaceutical interests, Whelpley was an amateur archeologist, known for conducting original investigations as well as for his large collection of flint and hematite implements.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4697
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Whelpley held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.
Flint artifacts from Whelpley held in the anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History in accession 55830.
The Missouri History Museum holds a collection of personal materials relating to Henry Milton Whelpley.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4697, Henry Milton Whelpley photographs relating to Pipestone and Flandreau, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4697
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4697

MS 940 Dakota vocabulary in Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary schedule

Creator:
Gardner, W. H. (William Henry), 1837-  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
July-December 1868
Scope and Contents:
Approximately 203 terms in Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary. Collected from the Sisseton Dakota.
Biographical / Historical:
Gardner was Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 940
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
General:
Previously titled "Dakota vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux (Eastern)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 940, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS940
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms940

MS 933-b Biloxi vocabulary with some cognate forms in Catawba, Santee, Yankton and Teton Dakota, Hidatsa, Kansa and Tutelo In Department of the Interior schedule

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Annotator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
October 1886 - November 1886
Scope and Contents:
173 entries in printed U. S. Geographical and Geological Survey "Comparative Vocabulary" form. Corrections of entries 92 and 93 by J. Owen Dorsey.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 933-b
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
General:
Previously titled"Biloxi vocabulary (collected October - November, 1886) with some cognate forms in Catawba, Santee, Yankton and Teton Dakota, Hidatsa, Kansa and Tutelo."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Kansa (Kaw)  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 933-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS933B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms933b

MS 4146 Copies of material regarding American Indians from various publications

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Creator:
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Béranger, Jean  Search this
González Barcia, Andrés  Search this
Serrano y Sanz, Manuel, 1868-1932  Search this
Ruidíaz y Caravia, Eugenio, 1849-1896  Search this
Capers, William, 1790-1855  Search this
Hall, Basil, 1788-1844  Search this
Lincecum, Gideon, 1793-1874  Search this
Régis du Roullet, Louis Joseph Guillaume de  Search this
Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816  Search this
Ribaut, Jean, approximately 1520-1565  Search this
Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, 1533?-1588  Search this
Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo, 1478-1557  Search this
Laudonnière, René Goulaine de  Search this
Le Page du Pratz, -1775  Search this
Margry, Pierre, 1818-1894  Search this
Kerlérec, Louis Billouart, chevalier de, 1704-1770  Search this
Pope, John, 1749-1802  Search this
Du Ru, Paul, 1666-1741  Search this
Smith, John, 1580-1631  Search this
Escalante Fontaneda, Hernando d'  Search this
Extent:
371 Pages
23 Items (slips )
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Natchez (archaeological)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents:

1. Myths and customs of the Cherokee, Catawba, and Choctaw, from "Adventures in the Wilds of the United States and British Provinces," by Charles Lanman, 2 volumes, Philadelphia, 1856- 60 pages.

2. Legends of Caddo Paintings by J. M. Stanley, from "Portraits of North American Indians, with sketches of scenery, etc., Washington, 1852. 1 page".

3. Corrections of McNutt's translations of the section on Chicora in Peter Martyr's "De Orbe Novo," by Dr John M. Cooper. 1 page and letter.

4. Memoirs of Berenger, La Harpe's captain on his exploration of the Texas coast. Copied from manuscript in Newberry Library, Chicago. (Linguistic sections omitted but published by Du Terrage and Rivet in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris. 34 pages.

5. Excerpts from Barcia's "Ensayo Cronologico a la Historia de la Florida." 23 pages.

6. Excerpts from Serrano y Sanz, "Documentos Historicos de la Florida y la Luisiana." 14 pages with additional slips.

7. Excerpts from Eugenio y Caravia, "La Florida." 2 volumes, 12 pages.

8. Extract from the Journal of the Reverend William Capers, printed in the Methodist Magazine for June, 1822, pages 232-236. 4 pages.

9. Extract from Captain Basil Hall's "Travels in North America in the years 1827 and 1828, Philadelphia, 1929. 18 pages (in duplicate.)

10. Notes from Dr Gideon Lincecum's manuscript entitled "Traditional History of the Chahta Nation", owned by the University of Texas, and never published in its entirety though the Choctaw migration legend was primted by the Mississippi Historical Commission. 21 pages.

11. Three pages of Manuscript material from the library of Col. William Preston, in Virginia State Library. 3 pages. Re Cherokee ca. 1780. Cf.Manuscript # 1912, transcript by Mooney, Same ?

12. Notes from Library of Congress copy of French documents by Regis de Roullet; printed also in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris. 6 pages.

13. Notes on sewan (Wampum) from "Original Narratives of New Netherlands". 2 pages.

14. Notes on Creek Indians from Manuscripts afterward printed by Grant Foreman in "A Traveler in Indian Territory." 23 pages.

15. Excerpts from a Memoir printed at Luxemberg, a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 5 pages.

16. Excerpts from the "Letters" of Benjamin Hawkins, printed by the Georgia Historical Society. 23 pages.

17. Excerpts from the Narrative of Jean de Ribault from French's Historical Collections of Louisiana, 1875, 159-190. 4 pages.

18. Excerpts from Narrative of Jacques le Moyne translated and printed in Boston, 1875. 3 pages.

19. Excerpt from Oviedo, "Historia General y Natural," volume 3, 630-631. 3 pages.

20. Excerpt from Relation of Penicaut in Margry, V, page 457. 5 pages.

21. Miscellaneous extracts from Barcia's Ensayo (see Number 5). 44 pages and additional slips.

22. Extracts from Rene Gourlaine de Laudonniere, Paris, 1853, "L'Histoire Notable de la Florida." 44 pages.

23. A page on the Natchez language from Le Page du Pratz, "La Louisiane," Paris, 1758; and lists of Natchez and Taensa villages from Margry. 1 page.

24. Relation of Captain Penalosa's voyage to Florida, from Ruidiaz, "La Florida," volume II, pages 473-476. 4 pages.

25. Excerpt from Iberville's Journal in Margry, volume IV, pages 512-514. 2 pages.

26. Excerpt from de Kerelec's Report in Compte Rendu du Congres Internacional des Americanistes, Quebec, 1907. 1 page.

27. Excerpts from Pope's "Tour". 1 page.

28. Excerpt from Journal of Pere du Ru in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris (N.S.), Volume XVII, pages 119-135. 6 pages.

29. John Smith's version of the "Huskanaw" ceremony, Tyler ed., pages 112-113. 2 pages.

30. Corrections of translations of Fontaneda by an unknown writer and of doubtful value. 23 slips.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4146
Topic:
Folklore -- Cherokee  Search this
Folklore -- Catawba  Search this
Folklore -- Choctaw  Search this
Expeditions -- La Harpe  Search this
Wampum  Search this
"Huskanaw"  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4146, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4146
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4146

MS 4014 Letter to J. N. B. Hewitt

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Encloses criticisms of James C. Mooney's "Siouan Tribes of the East," Bureau of American Ethnology-Bulletin 22, 1894. Autograph letter signed. 1 page. Autograph document. 4 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4014
Local Note:
autograph letter signed
autograph document
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4014, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4014
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4014

MS 3931 Miscellaneous vocabularies

Compiler:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Copehan  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Niuskoki  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Shahaptian Indians  Search this
Washakie  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Athapaskan  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Oto  Search this
Hitchiti Seminole  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
On cards compiled from information furnished in reply to letters of inquiry. The information is secondary and lacks documentation. Terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Achomawi, Alibamu, Arikara, Athapascan, Blackfoot, Catawba, Choctaw, Copehan, Creek, Dakota, Hitchiti, Hopi, Iowa, Kansa, Klikitat, Mandan, Muskhogean, Niuskoki, Nez Perce, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Pawnee, Piman, Ponka, Quapaw, Santee, Seminole, Shahaptian, Shoshone, Teton, Washakie, Winnebago, Ute, Yankton.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3931
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Athabaskan  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Kansa (Kaw)  Search this
Otoe  Search this
Warm Springs  Search this
Sahaptian  Search this
Pima (Akimel O'odham)  Search this
Achumawi  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3931, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3931
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3931

MS 3334 Copy and translation of a letter in Dakota

Translator:
Drift, Ivan  Search this
Addressee:
Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849  Search this
Correspondent:
Hupakinyan  Search this
Inyangmani  Search this
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
With interlinear translations, from Hupa kinyan [--- Flying] and Inyan mani [Walking Stone] to President Polk. Manuscript document, 2 pages including free English translation by Drift with the assistance of Ben McBride, Sr. Manuscript document, 2 pages. Letter from Drift to --- Welch, regarding translation. Autograph letter signed, 1 page. Unsigned memo to J.P. Harrington, Bureau of American Ethnology, enclosing the above. May 20, 1935. Typescript document, 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3334
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux (Eastern)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3334, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3334
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3334

MS 3089 Brief Dakota vocabulary

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Informant:
Frazier, Dakota  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
Summer 1928
Scope and Contents:
Contains 13 items. Informant: "Frazier," a Mdewakanton Dakota.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3089
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Sioux (Eastern)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3089, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3089
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3089

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