This subseries of the Alaska/Northwest Coast series contains Harrington's Northern Athapascan research. This section comprises a comparative vocabulary, a comparative dictionary, and other miscellaneous linguistic material, with widely scattered ethnographic information. It combines some secondary source data with original notes which were compiled for the most part during a fieldtrip Harrington made with Robert W. Young to Alberta and British Columbia from October through early December 1939. The two men had corresponded extensively regarding Navajo in 1936 to 1938 and subsequently decided to determine its provenience through the study of languages closely related in vocabulary and construction at the northernmost end of what Harrington termed' 'the chicken-wishbone of Athapascan languages." The northern Athapascan languages for which they obtained data were Sarsi (Sarcee, Sar.), Cold Lake Chipewyan (Cl., Clchip.), Beaver, Carrier (Car.), Babine (Babin), and Sekani (Sekeney, Sek., Sikny, Sik.). They also elicited a short vocabulary in Cree from bilingual speakers, obtained during Harrington's survey of neighboring Canadian languages. The amount of comparative data was increased by the addition of original notes from the earlier work on Navajo and later (1940) work on Tlingit, Eyak, and Upper Umpqua. Harrington may have made these last additions as late as August of 1941 as suggested by the reference "Wn. Aug. 41." The Tlingit notes were subsequently removed to a separate section.
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
This manuscript is a set of comparative data containing materials in several Athabascan/Athapascan languages. The language names as they appear in the ms. with alternative spellings in parenthesis. Chipwyan (Chipewyan, Montagnais, Dene Suline, Sluacus-tinneh, Dene Soun'line), Tacully (Tâh-killy, Tâ-cully ), Klatskani [Kwalhioqua ?] (Kwalhioqua-Tlatskanai Kwalhioqua- Clatskanie, Kwalhioqua-Tlatskanie), Willopah (Willapa, Willoopah) Upper Umpqua, Tootooten, Applegate Creek, Hopah, Haynarger with notes in English.
Scope and Contents:
Consists of Comparative vocabulary, 4 double leaves; Appendix, 8 pages.
Place and date of record not on manuscript; recorded at Cathlamet, Washington Territory, February 24, 1858, according to Pilling, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 14.
Includes:1) Census of Stuart Lake and other communities by family with data on traps; 2) Census by bands or reserves; 3) Notebook listing plant specimens and use (14 pages); 4) Miscellaneous notes 5) (Culture) element list, with notes; 6) Typed list of culture features apparently prepared for comparative purposes, not used; 7) List of specimens collected, July 6-12, 1940; 8) Letters received from M. W. Stirling, Diamond Jenness, Donald D. Brand, and others; 9) List, "Culture Element Distributions; the Plateau" by Verne F. Ray (not completed);
10) "Carrier Acculturation: the Direct Historical Approach;" 11) Notes on Irving Goldmanʹs "The Alkatcho Carrier of British Columbia;" 12) Genealogical charts; 13) Miscellany; 14) Maps -- a. British Columbia, Department of Lands, Pre-Emptorʹs map: Stuart Lake Sheet, 1923, ca. 40 x 25 in. b. British Columbia, Department of Lands, Pre-Emptorʹs Map: Fort George Sheet, 1923, ca. 40 x 25 in.; c. Portion of map of British Columbia (southern part only), 72 x 27 in. -- annotated with numbered locations, no key provided d. Canadian Topological Survey sheets annotated to show land holdings, ca. 45 x 40 in.; e. British Columbia
Department of Lands, Cariboo and Adjacent Districts, annotated to show land holdings, ca. 44 x 32 in.; f. Canada, Department of Mines and Resources, Map of the Dominion of Canada Excluse of Northern regions indicating Main Natural Resources, 1936, 36 x 26 in.; g. A.L. Kroeber, Cultural and Natural Areas of Native America, 1939, 28 x 22 in.; h. British Columbia, Topographical Sketch Map of Omineca and Finlay River Basins, 1917, 28 x 40 in.
Photostat of a handwritten copy by A. C. Anderson of words 130-180 of the vocabulary sent by him to George Gibbs (Bureau of American Ethnology Manuscript 107-a), plus the numerals 1-12, 20, 30, and 100 in "Tahcully" [Carrier] of the Upper Fraser River.
Biographical / Historical:
Inscribed by Anderson, "This vocabulary was made by me in 1854 or 1855 from Ia-coos, a part Klatskanai, living at Cathlamet on the Lower Columbia--the sole survivor, I believe, who had a knowledge of the language--the tribe having become extinct. A. C. A., Roubank, Victoria, B. C., 26th June, 1876." The Manuscript is elsewhere marked by Anderson, "A copy of this, with the preceding sheets, was given by me to Mr George Gibbs."
NAA MS 107-c
Photostats found with J. P. Harrington manuscripts now catalogued under Number 4654.