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The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection

Extent:
7 videotapes (Reference copies). 12 digital .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1991
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
Ramunas Kondratas, curator at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), documented the history, development, commercialization and applications of fluorescence activated cell sorting instrumentation. Sessions were recorded January 30, 1991 at San Jose, California; February 1, 1991 at Palo Alto, California; April 19, 1991 at Washington, D.C.; and June 28, 1991 at Providence, Rhode Island.

Several participants were also interviewed on audiotape. They include Bach, Christiaanse, Fulwyler, Leonard Herzenberg, Leonore Herzenberg, Kudravcev, Mhatre, Recktenwald, Rotman, Shoor, and Van Dilla. The audiotapes and transcripts complement the videotape sessions and are available through the Division of Medical Sciences, National Museum of American History. Inventing the Cell Sorter, an edited program on the history of the machine, accompanies the collection as supplemental material. This tape, Inventing the Cell Sorter, may not be copied without the permission of Ramunas Kondratas.

This collection consists of four interview sessions, totalling approximately 10:20 hours of recordings and 203 pages of transcript.

Audiotapes: Several participants were also interviewed on audiotape. The audiotapes and transcripts complement the videotape session, and are available through the Division of Medical Sciences, National Museum of American History.
Historical Note:
The cell sorter, an instrument with sophisticated optics, lasers and electronic processors, automated the task of identifying and quantitatively analyzing individual cells, and of separating and rapidly sorting closely related cell populations. By measuring the physical and chemical properties of cells, such as fluorescence, then by physically separating cells while still alive, the cell sorter became an important tool for biomedical research and clinical medicine.

The first prototype sorter was built at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in 1965 by physicist Mack J. Fulwyler by joining a Coulter volume sensor with the newly-invented ink jet printer. The first biologist who clearly saw uses for the Los Alamos instrument, especially for the study of immunological properties of cells, was Leonard Herzenberg of Stanford University. With Fulwyler's plans, Herzenberg obtained the cooperation of engineers in the Genetics Department's Instrumentation Research Laboratory at Stanford to build an instrument to sort live cells using fluorescence. Two successful prototypes were built -- a 1969 instrument that employed a mercury arc lamp as light source and a 1972 version which used an argon ion laser to detect cells tagged with fluorescent markers. Funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) allowed Herzenberg and the Stanford engineers to interest the medical products company Becton Dickinson (BD) to convert their prototypes into the first commercial instruments, the FACS (Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter) in 1975.

Interviewees included scientists, engineers, managers, and physicians from Becton Dickinson Immunocytometry Systems (BDIS), Stanford University, Brown University, and LANL. Bruce Allen Bach received his B.S. in biology and his M.A. in molecular biology from Stanford University in 1973 and 1974, respectively. He was awarded his Ph.D. in immunology from Harvard Medical School in 1979 and a M.D. from the Washington University School of Medicine in 1981. After completing his residency at the University of California Affiliated Hospitals, Bach accepted the position of Associate Scientific Member of the Howard Hughes Medical Research Institute in 1984. From 1985 to 1987 he served as a physician at two San Francisco area hospitals. In 1989, he was appointed Corporate Medical Director of BDIS, and held that position concurrently with his 1991 appointment as director of BD's worldwide clinical trials group.

Mack Jett Fulwyler received his B.S. in physics from Idaho State College in 1961 and his Ph.D. in biophysics from the University of Colorado in 1969. From 1961 to 1967, Fulwyler worked at LANL where he developed particle separators and sorters. In 1971, he accepted the position of President of Particle Technology, Inc. In 1977, after completing a two year fellowship at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, Fulwyler returned to the U.S. to serve as Technical Director for BD FACS System Division. He retired from that position in 1982 and accepted a professorship at the University of California, San Francisco. Since 1990, Fulwyler served as Director of Technical Development for the Trancel Corporation.

After receiving his B.A. in biology and chemistry from Brooklyn College in 1952 and his Ph.D. in biochemistry and immunology from the California Institute of Technology in 1955, Leonard A. Herzenberg accepted a postdoctoral fellowship from the American Cancer Society to conduct research at the Pasteur Institute in France. Herzenberg returned to the U.S. in 1957 to serve as an officer for the Public Health Service at the National Institutes of Health. In 1959, he accepted the position of Assistant Professor in the Department of Genetics at Stanford University and was eventually appointed Professor of Genetics.

Leonore A. Herzenberg attended classes at Pomona College and the California Institute of Technology during the mid-1950s. In 1981, she was awarded the degree of Docteur des Sciences Naturelles from the Sorbonne University in Paris. During the 1950s, she served as a research assistant at the California Institute of Technology, the Pasteur Institute, and the National Institutes of Health. In 1959, she accepted the position of Research Assistant in the Department of Genetics and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Stanford University. Subsequently, she was appointed Senior Research Assistant in those departments in 1963 and Research Associate in 1967. From 1973 to 1989, she worked as a Research Associate and Senior Research Associate solely in the Department of Genetics. In 1989, she was appointed professor in the Genetics Department.

Mark A. Krasnow received his B.S. in biology and chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1978. He was awarded his Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1983, and his M.D. in 1985, from the University of Chicago. In 1988, he was appointed Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the Stanford University School of Medicine. His research interests include the biochemical mechanisms of transcriptional regulation and cell to cell interactions in the development of Drosophila.

Nagesh S. Mhatre, president of BDIS, was awarded a B.S. from Bombay University, an M.S. from Oregon State University, and a Ph.D. in biochemistry-microbiology from Rutgers University. Before being appointed president in 1983, Mhatre held a variety of positions with Becton Dickinson & Company. Previously, he was with Miles Laboratory for seventeen years.

After receiving his B.S. in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1986, Monty Montano conducted research at the University of California, San Francisco on the use of recombinant DNA applied to clinical genetics. Montano began a doctoral program in genetics at Stanford University in 1988.

Wayne A. Moore received his B.S. in mathematics and science from Stanford University in 1976. From 1972, he worked as a lab assistant and programmer at the Stanford Department of Genetics and was later appointed Senior Scientific Programmer of that department.

From 1970 to 1974, Thomas Nozaki, Jr., served as an electronics engineer at the Stanford Computation Center. After receiving his B.S. in electrical engineering from California State University in 1974, Nozaki joined the Stanford Department of Genetics as a research and development electronics engineer.

Richard E. Owen, Director of Instrument Operations for BDIS, joined the company in 1988 as Manufacturing Engineering Manager. Prior to joining BDIS, he was Director of Thorn EMI Datatech Ltd. in England. He holds a Higher National Certificate in Applied Physics from Southeast London Technical College, a B.A. in Management from St. Marys College in Moraga, California, and is a graduate of the Institute of Electronic and Radio Engineers.

David R. Parks received his B.S. from Grinnell College in 1967, and his Ph.D. in physics from Stanford University in 1973. From 1973 to 1974 he worked as a Field Assistant and Project Manager in environmental studies at the Missouri Botanical Garden. In 1975, he returned to Stanford University as a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Genetics. In 1981, he accepted the position of Research Associate in that department and held that position concurrently with his appointment as director of the Shared Cell Sorter Facility in 1983.

In 1981 Diether J. Recktenwald joined BDIS as a Senior Research Scientist; he was appointed research group leader and later associate scientific director. Prior to BDIS, he was a visiting scientist at Stanford University and a senior research associate at the Max Planck Institute. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry and biophysics from Ruhruniversitat Bochum in Germany, and an M.S. and B.S. from Universitat des Saarlandes Saarbrucken, also in Germany.

Marcos Boris Rotman received his M.S. in chemical engineering from the University F. Santa Maria in Chile in 1948, and his Ph.D. in microbiology, organic chemistry, and biochemistry from the University of Illinois in 1952. After completing his degree, he served a year as a research associate at the University of Illinois, and then moved to the University of Wisconsin to work in the laboratory of Joshua Lederberg from 1953 to 1956. In 1959, Rotman became Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the Albany Medical School, and in 1961 moved to the Department of Genetics at Stanford as a Research Associate. From 1961 to 1966, he served as head of the biochemistry section of the Syntex Institute for Molecular Biology, located at Stanford. In 1966, Rotman left Stanford to become professor of Medical Science at Brown University. In 1990, he was awarded the title of Professor Emeritus.

Bernie Shoor completed his B.A. in physics from New York University in 1946. After receiving his degree, he worked for the Army Signal Corps and subsequently the Sperry Gyroscope Company. In 1966, Shoor began working for Endevco Corporation, a small scientific instrument company which was eventually bought by BD. In 1970, Shoor became manager of BD's Mountain View, California, laboratory. In 1977, he accepted the position of Corporate Vice-President of Research and Design at BD's headquarters in New Jersey. In 1981, he returned to California to establish the BD Monoclonal Center. Shoor retired from BD in 1984 but has continued to serve as a consultant for the company.

After receiving his B.S. in mechanical engineering in 1965, and his M.S. in theoretical and applied mechanics in 1967 from Cornell University, Richard T. Stovel worked as a Research Engineer at Lockheed Missiles and Space Company analyzing the structural dynamics of missile systems. In 1972, he joined the Stanford University Department of Genetics as a Physical Science and Engineering Technician working on the operation and development of the prototype cell sorting machine. In 1976, he was appointed Research and Development Engineer of the Genetics Department where he continued his research in fluid jet behavior.

Richard G. Sweet received his B.S. in electrical engineering in 1947. From 1947 to 1951, he worked as a design engineer on telephone systems at the Southern California Edison Company. In 1951, he accepted the position of Senior Design Engineer at Gilfillan Bros. Inc., developing electronics equipment for radar systems. Sweet joined Stanford University Electronics Labs in 1956 as a research associate where he developed, most notably, high speed ink jet recording systems. After a decade at Stanford, Sweet accepted the position of Senior Engineer at Varian Associates in 1966 and worked on developing instrumentation for classifying and sorting small particles. In 1971, he travelled as a visiting scientist to the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center to conduct research on non-impact printing systems. Since 1986, Sweet has served as a consultant to both the Herzenberg Laboratory and to BDIS.

After receiving his B.S. from City College of New York in 1939 and his Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951, Marvin A. Van Dilla worked in the radiobiology laboratory at the University of Utah. In 1957, he joined the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as the biophysics group leader. Van Dilla left Los Alamos in 1972 to become the cytophysics Section Leader of the Biomedical Sciences Division at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. In 1983, he was appointed Leader of the Gene Library Project at Livermore.

Nicholas Veizades was awarded his B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 1958, and his M.S. in engineering sciences from Stanford University in 1961. He joined the Stanford Department of Genetics in 1962 and worked in the Instrumentation Research Laboratory on biomedical instrumentation.
Rights:
Restricted. "Inventing the Cell Sorter" film cannot be reproduced. Contact SIHistory@si.edu for more details.
Topic:
Fluorescence activated cell sorter  Search this
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Biology  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Bioengineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Molecular biology  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Flow cytometry  Search this
Cell separation  Search this
Cytometry  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9554, The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9554
See more items in:
The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9554

Was recorded at Becton Dickinson Immunocytometry Systems (BDIS). Mhatre, Shoor, Bach, Owen, and Recktenwald discussed the history and development of the FACS machine, as well as its commercial manufacture by Becton Dickinson and its clinical applicatio...

Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted. "Inventing the Cell Sorter" film cannot be reproduced. Contact SIHistory@si.edu for more details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9554, The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9554-refidd1e374

Videohistory Records

Creator::
National Museum of American History. Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3.5 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Floppy disks
Posters
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color negatives
Black-and-white negatives
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Electronic records
Date:
1969-2000
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records created and maintained by Ray Kondratas, Curator, Division of Medical Sciences, in his work researching and conducting interviews for the Smithsonian Videohistory Program. The videohistories produced by Kondratas covered such topics as DNA sequencing; Acuson ultrasound machines; fluorescence activated cell sorting instrumentation; the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique; diagnostic imaging technology; and the project to sequence the smallpox virus genome. Also included is an interview with Vsevold Kuravcev, regarding his work in nuclear magnetic resonance. Materials include correspondence; memoranda; reports; research notes; biography files; proposals; transcripts; audio and video recordings; images; brochures; posters; and clippings. Some materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Nucleotide sequence  Search this
DNA  Search this
Ultrasonic imaging  Search this
Flow cytometry  Search this
Polymerase chain reaction  Search this
Diagnostic imaging  Search this
Smallpox  Search this
Nuclear magnetic resonance  Search this
Scientists -- Interviews  Search this
Medicine -- History  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Floppy disks
Posters
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color negatives
Black-and-white negatives
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 11-046, National Museum of American History. Division of Medical Sciences, Videohistory Records
Identifier:
Accession 11-046
See more items in:
Videohistory Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa11-046

Normospermic versus teratospermic domestic cat sperm integrity evaluated by flow cytometry and intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Author:
Wildt, David E.  Search this
Evenson, J. P.  Search this
Penfold, Linda M.  Search this
Jost, L.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2003
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_69502

Bio-optical inferences from chlorophyll a fluorescence: What kind of fluorescence is measured in flow cytometry?

Author:
Neale, Patrick J.  Search this
Cullen, John J.  Search this
Yentsch, Clarice M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1989
Topic:
Animal health  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Coastal ecology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_31725

Effect of UV-A and UV-B radiation on diel patterns of growth and cell viability in Nannochloris atomus cultures assessed by flow cytometry

Author:
Lubian, L. M.  Search this
Sobrino, C.  Search this
Montero, O.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2005
Topic:
Animal health  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Coastal ecology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_31817

Genome size variation and evolution in the grape family Vitaceae

Author:
Meng, Ying  Search this
Chu, Zhao-Fu  Search this
Yang, Yong-Ping  Search this
Wen, Jun  Search this
Nie, Ze-Long  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2018
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_147864

Cryopreservation of Fish Spermatogonial Cells: The Future of Natural History Collections

Author:
Jaafar, Zeehan  Search this
Parenti, Lynne R.  Search this
Carter, Virginia L.  Search this
Daly, Jonathan P.  Search this
Cole, Kathleen S.  Search this
Lager, Claire V. A.  Search this
Hagedorn, Mary M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2018
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Vertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
See others in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_146242

Draft Aphaenogaster genomes expand our view of ant genome size variation across climate gradients

Author:
Cahan, Sara Helms  Search this
Gotelli, Nicholas J.  Search this
Sanders, Nathan J.  Search this
DeMarco, Bernice  Search this
Dunn, Robert R.  Search this
Ellison, Aaron M.  Search this
Lau, Matthew K.  Search this
Nguyen, Andrew  Search this
Penick, Clint  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2019
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Entomology  Search this
Insects  Search this
See others in:
Entomology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_150475

Effects of Toxic Compounds in Montipora capitata on Exogenous and Endogenous Zooxanthellae Performance and Fertilization Success

Author:
Hagedorn, Mary M.  Search this
Carter, Virginia  Search this
Gunasekera, Sarath  Search this
Paul, Valerie J.  Search this
Padilla-Gamiño, Jacqueline  Search this
Zuchowicz, Nikolas  Search this
Johnston, Erika  Search this
Farrell, Ann  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2015
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Animals  Search this
Veterinary medicine  Search this
Animal health  Search this
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_135151

[Trade catalogs from Novocastra Laboratories Ltd.]

Variant company name:
Established 1989  Search this
Company Name:
Novocastra Laboratories Ltd.  Search this
Related companies:
Vector Laboratories, US Distributor, Burlingame, CA  Search this
Notes content:
Monoclonal antibodies for immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry ; Product catalog 1995 including company history, monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal antibodies, secondary protection systems, probes for in situ hybridization, flow cytometry reagents ; product and price list insert
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists and histories
Color images
Physical description:
6 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Drugs; pharmaceuticals and patent medicines  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Medical and surgical instruments and supplies  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Drugs  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus industry  Search this
Patent medicines  Search this
Pharmacy  Search this
Surgical instruments and apparatus industry  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_33403
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_33403

[Trade catalogs from Fast Systems, Inc. (FSI)]

Company Name:
Fast Systems, Inc. (FSI)  Search this
Notes content:
Flow cytometry.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Drugs; pharmaceuticals and patent medicines  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Drugs  Search this
Patent medicines  Search this
Pharmacy  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_14565
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_14565

Polyploid and hybrid origins of pacific island sandalwoods (Santalum, santalaceae) inferred from low-copy nuclear and flow cytometry data

Author:
Harbaugh Reynaud, Danica  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2008
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_60048

Green fluorescent protein : properties, applications, and protocols / edited by Martin Chalfie, Steven R. Kain

Author:
Chalfie, Martin  Search this
Kain, Steven  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 443 p., [24] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Laboratory manuals
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Green fluorescent protein  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_816071

The invisible industrialist : manufactures and the production of scientific knowledge / edited by Jean-Paul Gaudillière and Ilana Löwy

Author:
Gaudillière, Jean-Paul 1957-  Search this
Löwy, Ilana 1948-  Search this
University of Manchester Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 379 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Case studies
Date:
1998
Topic:
Research, Industrial  Search this
Science--Social aspects  Search this
Technology--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_605484

Molecular ecology of aquatic communities / edited by J.P. Zehr and M.A. Voytek

Author:
Zehr, J. P  Search this
Voytek, Mary A  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 280 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Aquatic ecology  Search this
Molecular ecology  Search this
Biotic communities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_628849

Genomic imprinting : methods and protocols / edited by Andrew Ward

Author:
Ward, Andrew 1964-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 377 p. : ill., (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Laboratory manuals
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Genomic imprinting  Search this
Call number:
QH450 .G468 2002X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_672486

Analytical morphology : theory, applications, and protocols / [edited by Jiang Gu]

Author:
Gu, Jiang  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 264 p., 31 p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Histochemistry  Search this
Cytochemistry  Search this
Call number:
QH613 .A53 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_514166

Practical flow cytometry / Howard M. Shapiro

Author:
Shapiro, Howard M (Howard Maurice) 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 353 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1988
[c1988]
Topic:
Flow cytometry  Search this
Call number:
QH585.5.F56S48 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_439488

Practical flow cytometry / Howard M. Shapiro ; with illustrations by the author

Author:
Shapiro, Howard M (Howard Maurice) 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 295 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
[c1985]
Topic:
Flow cytometry  Search this
Call number:
QH585.5.F56S48 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_308437

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