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William Page and Page Family papers

Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887  Search this
Beecher, Thomas Kinnicut, 1824-1900  Search this
Briggs, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1804-1877  Search this
Curtis, George William, 1824-1892  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876  Search this
Fenton, Rueben  Search this
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Olmstead, Bertha  Search this
Olmstead, Mary  Search this
Page, Sophia Stevens, 1827-1892  Search this
Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood), 1831-1915  Search this
Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884  Search this
Scranton, William Walker  Search this
Shaw, Francis George, 1809-1882  Search this
Stark, William, 1825-1873  Search this
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874  Search this
Tilton, Theodore, 1835-1907  Search this
Wilmarth, Lemuel Everett, 1835-1918  Search this
11.06 Linear feet
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
bulk 1843-1892
The papers of the portraitist and art theorist William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, bulk 1843-1892. In addition to the papers of William Page, the papers include documents related to Page's wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the painter William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, with the bulk of papers dating from 1843 to 1892. Papers contain records related to the life and career of William Page, president of the National Academy of Design from 1871 to 1873 and prominent portraitist and art theorist of his day. Also found are records related to his wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.

Correspondence includes the personal and professional correspondence of William and Sophia Page, and their parents, siblings, and children. Significant correspondents include Thomas Hicks, Enoch Wood Perry, William Stark, Theodore Tilton, Lemuel Wilmarth, Wendell Phillips, William Walker Scranton, Francis G. Shaw; James Russell Lowell, Charles Frederick Briggs, George W. Curtis, Charlotte Cushman, Thomas K. Beecher, Mary Olmsted, and Bertha Olmsted.

Writings include the essays and lectures of William Page, as written by him and revised by Sophia Page in the late 1870s, as well as Sophia's writings as a columnist in Europe in the 1850s. Notes, notebooks, diaries, and poems are also found. Personal Business Records include business records related to the sale and exhibition of artwork as well as financial and legal documents. A small number of memoranda and documents related to Page's work at the National Academy of Design are also found. Printed Materials include exhibition catalogs, published works by William and Sophia Page, and clippings and articles about Page.

Photographs consist mainly of portraits, most of them mounted cabinet photographs or cartes-des-visites, some of which appear to have been used as studies for Page's painted portraits. Among those pictured are William Page, James Russell Lowell, Henry Ward Beecher, Reuben Fenton, Wendell Phillips, Charles Sumner, William R. O'Donovan, and William Lloyd Garrison. Many of the photographic portraits are unidentified. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, prints, and a small number of notes made by Page in the course of painting portraits.
The collection is arranged into 7 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Materials and Artifacts, 1847-1917 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1815-1942 (Boxes 1-4, 9-10; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1839-1888, 1949 (Boxes 4-5, OV 10; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1848-1932 (Boxes 5 and 9; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1845-1938 (Boxes 5-7, 9, OV 11; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1845-1947 (Boxes 7-9, OV 12, MGP 5-6; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1856-1874 (Box 8, OV 13-16, rolled documents 17-19; 0.6 linear feet and 3 rolled documents)
Biographical Note:
The painter William Page was born in 1811 in Albany, NY. He attended public schools in New York City, and after working briefly in the law firm of Frederick de Peyster, was placed in the studio of the painter/engraver James Herring in 1825, where he received his first formal art training. He took classes at the National Academy of Design the year it was formed, in 1826, under Samuel F.B. Morse, and in 1827 he was awarded one of the National Academy's first annual student prizes.

Page joined the Presbyterian church and attended Phillips Academy and Amherst with the intention of becoming a minister, but his artistic ability won out, and by 1830 he was painting commissioned portraits in Albany, Rochester, and New York. He married Lavinia Twibill in 1833, and they had three daughters between 1834 and 1839. He joined the American Academy and served on its board of directors in 1835. He exhibited at the American Academy, the National Academy of Design, the Boston Athenaeum, and other venues throughout the 1830s. Favorable reviews brought steady portrait commissions, including John Quincy Adams and the New York governor William L. Marcy. He was made a full member of the National Academy in 1837.

In the 1840s, Page's reputation and maturity as a painter grew. His first wife left him around 1840, and in 1843 he married Sarah Dougherty. The couple moved to Albany, Boston, and back to New York seeking portrait commissions and patronage. He became friends with the poet James Russell Lowell and the writer and publisher Charles Frederick Briggs, two writers and editors who helped to promote his artwork in Boston and New York and published his theoretical writings. In 1844, Lowell dedicated his first published book of poetry to Page, and the following year, Briggs published a series of articles by Page in the Broadway Journal, entitled "The Art of the Use of Color in Imitation in Painting." The series described Page's arduous experiments with color and glazes, and his ideas about correspondences between spirituality and the natural world as expressed in art.

In 1850, Page traveled to Florence, Italy, where he painted several copies of the works of Titian in the galleries of the Uffizi and Pitti palaces, studying his use of color and further developing his own experimental techniques. He became friends with the sculptor Hiram Powers, who introduced him to the writings of Emmanuel Swedenborg, a Christian metaphysician whose ideas fueled Page's interest in the spiritual aspects of art. In 1852, Page moved to Rome, a city with an international artists' community and a strong market for art. Page found a loyal following in Rome's large circle of American ex-patriates, including the sculptors Thomas Crawford and Harriet Hosmer, the actress Charlotte Cushman, and the poets Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, all of whom sat for portraits by Page.

In 1854, Page's second wife left him amidst public scandal, and he sank deep in debt to his bankers at Packenham and Hooker, an English firm that by 1856 had a lien on all the paintings in his studio. That same year Page met Sophia Stevens Hitchcock, an American widow traveling in Rome with Bertha Olmsted, Frederick Law Olmsted's sister. Hitchcock was from Barnet, Vermont and came to Europe after her first husband died in 1852 after only a year of marriage. She traveled to England and Paris, where she wrote regular columns on local customs and events for the New York Tribune that were published under the by-line "An American Woman in Paris." She and Page met in Rome in 1856, and in October 1857, after Page traveled back the United States to obtain a divorce from Sarah Dougherty, he and Sophia married.

The couple stayed in Rome until 1860. His wife's three brothers, all businessmen, helped to promote his artwork in Europe and America. Page's paintings of this period include several Venus subjects, one of which was championed by his most loyal patrons, who raised $3000 by subscription to buy the painting for the Boston Athenaeum. A later Venus painting was rejected from the Paris salon for indecency, a controversy that was later leveraged for publicity in a touring exhibition in the United States.

The Pages returned to the United States in 1860 and settled in Tottenville, New York. They had six children between 1858 and 1870. Page had a studio at Eagleswood, NJ, and later in the Studio Building on 10th Street in Manhattan, where he held a large exhibition in 1867. In the 1860s, he painted a self-portrait and a companion portrait of Sophia set in Rome, as well as a series of civil war heroes including Robert Gould Shaw, Winfield Scott, and David Farragut. Photographs played a consistent part in Page's technique of portraiture, and he is known to have worked with the photographer Matthew Brady, who attended art classes early on with Page, as well as the photographers Sarony and Charles Williamson, who taught classes on drawing from enlarged photo-transparencies. Brady photographs taken for Page include David Farragut and Reuben Fenton.

Page lectured frequently on Titian and Venetian art, a subject in which he was considered an expert, and on painting technique and his philosophical ideas about nature, art, and spirituality. In 1871, Page was elected the president of the National Academy of Design, a post he held until 1873, but his poor health following a collapse in 1872 limited his accomplishments in office. Despite these limitations, he continued to paint, including portraits of General Grant, an idealized portrait of the president based on early photographs and Charles Sumner. He also became interested in portraiture of William Shakespeare around this time, and his studies resulted in a book, Shakespeare's Portraits, a bust based on existing portraiture, and a full-length portrait entitled "Shakespeare Reading," based on Page's measurements of a supposed death mask in Darmstadt, Germany, which he went to inspect against the advice of his doctor in 1874.

In 1877, another collapse left Page incapacitated for the remainder of his life. Sophia Page tried editing and publishing his writings and lectures, but with little success. Page died in 1885. A life marked by personal scandal ended the same, when two of his daughters from his first marriage contested his will, tying up his estate in a lengthy and public probate trial. Their suit was dismissed in 1889, and Sophia Page died in 1892.

This biography relies heavily on Joshua Taylor's William Page: The American Titian (1957).
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming (reel 1091) including letters from Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Lydia Maria Child, Charlotte Cushman, James Russell Lowell, Charles A. Dana, and others. Lent material was returned to the donor and is This material is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
A portion of the collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Mrs. Lesslie S. (Pauline Page) Howell, William Page's grandaughter, in 1963. William S. Page, Pauline Page Howell's nephew, donated additional papers in 1964 and 1973. Pauline Page Howell and William S. Page also loaned a group of letters to the Archives in 1964 which were microfilmed on reel 1091 and then returned to the donors. Mrs. Howell's son, William Page Howell, donated material in 1980.

Letters of Charles F. Briggs to James Russell Lowell (Series 2.2) were a part of Pauline Page Howell's 1963 donation to the Archives of American Art. They had been given to Mrs. Howell by Charlotte Briggs, daughter of Charles F. Briggs, because of her father's lifelong friendship with William Page. Letters from Lowell to Briggs are in the James Russell Lowell papers in Houghton Library at Harvard University.
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Works of art  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
William Page and Page Family papers, 1815-1947, bulk 1843-1892. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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William Page and Page Family papers
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Isabella Stewart Gardner papers

Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924  Search this
Duveen Brothers  Search this
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Wildenstein Galleries  Search this
Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922  Search this
Adams, Brooks  Search this
Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910  Search this
Agassiz, Elizabeth Cabot Cary, 1822-1907  Search this
Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873  Search this
Agostini, Luigi  Search this
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907  Search this
Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936  Search this
Anisfeld, Boris Israelevich, 1879-1973  Search this
Arliss, George, 1868-1946  Search this
Aïdé, Hamilton, 1826-1906  Search this
Balch, Anne L.  Search this
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Barnes, Grace Edith  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Berenson, Mary, 1864-  Search this
Bigelow, William Sturgis, 1850-1926  Search this
Blake, William P. (William Phipps), 1826-1910  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Bode, Wilhelm von, 1845-1929  Search this
Brimmer, Martin, 1829-1896  Search this
Brown, J. Appleton, 1844-  Search this
Bunker, Dennis Miller, 1861-1890  Search this
Burroughs, Bryson, 1869-1934  Search this
Byard, Theodore  Search this
Carter, Morris, 1877-  Search this
Chalfin, Paul, 1874-  Search this
Chapman, Conrad Wise, 1842-1910  Search this
Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933  Search this
Collins, Alfred Quinton, d. 1903  Search this
Cook, Walter W. S. (Walter William Spencer), 1888-1962  Search this
Coolidge, Archibald Cary, 1866-1928  Search this
Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson, 1831-1920  Search this
Copeland, Charles Townsend, 1860-1952  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Cram, Ralph Adams, 1863-1942  Search this
Crawford, F. Marion (Francis Marion), 1854-1909  Search this
Crosby, Raymond Moreau, 1876-1945  Search this
Cross, Sally  Search this
Curtis, Ralph W. (Ralph Wormeley), 1854-1922  Search this
Cushing, Howard Gardiner, 1869-1916  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876  Search this
Damrosch, Walter, 1862-1950  Search this
Davis, Richard Harding, 1864-1916  Search this
De Wolfe, Elsie, 1865-1950  Search this
Dexter, Mary  Search this
Dole, Nathan Haskell, 1852-1935  Search this
Donoghue, John, 1853-1903  Search this
Draper, Ruth, 1884-1956  Search this
Dwight, J. S.  Search this
Dwight, Theodore F.  Search this
Dyer, Louis, 1851-1908  Search this
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926  Search this
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Faure, Gabriel, b. 1877  Search this
Fiske, Minnie Maddern, 1865-1932  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984  Search this
Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934  Search this
Gabrilowitsch, Ossip, 1878-1936  Search this
Gardner, John Lowell  Search this
Gardner, William Amory  Search this
Gaugengigl, I. M. (Ignaz Marcel), 1855-1932  Search this
Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909  Search this
Gimpel, René  Search this
Godkin, Edwin Lawrence, 1831-1902  Search this
Gordon, Leon, 1884-1960  Search this
Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932  Search this
Guiney, Louise Imogen, 1861-1920  Search this
Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909  Search this
Hale, Mary  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, Mrs  Search this
Hammond, Richard P., 1896-  Search this
Hampden, Walter, 1879-1955  Search this
Hazelton, George C.  Search this
Helleu, Paul, 1859-1927  Search this
Higginson, Henry Lee, 1834-1919  Search this
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911  Search this
Hinckley, Robert C., 1853-1941  Search this
Hoffman, Malvina, 1887-1966  Search this
Hooper, Edward W.  Search this
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908  Search this
Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910  Search this
Huntington, Archer M., 1870-1955  Search this
Indy, Vincent d', 1851-1931  Search this
Irving, Henry, Sir, 1838-1905  Search this
Jaccaci, Augusto Floriano, 1857-1930  Search this
Kittredge, William  Search this
Kronberg, Louis, 1872-1965  Search this
Kropotkin, Petr Alekseevich, kni︠a︡zʹ, 1842-1921  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Ladd, Anna Coleman, 1878-1939 (sculptor)  Search this
Lamb, Charles R. (Charles Rollinson), 1860-1942  Search this
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely, 1828-1902  Search this
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891  Search this
MacKnight, Dodge, 1860-1950  Search this
Macomber, Mary L. (Mary Lizzie), 1861-1916  Search this
Mansfield, Richard, 1857-1907  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Mather, Frank Jewett, 1868-1953  Search this
McComas, Francis John, 1874-1938  Search this
Melba, Nellie, Dame, 1861-1931  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Mitchell, S. Weir (Silas Weir), 1829-1914  Search this
Modjeska, Helena, 1840-1909  Search this
Monteux, Pierre, 1875-1964  Search this
Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916  Search this
Murray, Gilbert  Search this
Norton, Andrews, 1786-1853  Search this
Norton, Lily  Search this
Norton, Richard  Search this
O'Connell, William, 1859-1944  Search this
Okakura, Kakuzō, 1862-1913  Search this
Okakura, Kakuzō, 1862-1913  Search this
Oliver, Jean Nutting, d. 1946  Search this
Partridge, William Ordway, 1861-1930  Search this
Pater, Walter, 1839-1894  Search this
Pavlova, Anna, 1881-1931  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Pennington, Harper, 1854 or 5-1920  Search this
Perry, Lilla Cabot  Search this
Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919  Search this
Pitman, Sophia L., 1855-1943  Search this
Prichard, Matthew Stewart  Search this
Quinn, John, 1870-1924  Search this
Reid, Robert, 1862-1929  Search this
Rives, Amélie, 1863-1945  Search this
Roberts, Elizabeth Wentworth, 1871-1927  Search this
Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917  Search this
Ross, Denman Waldo, 1853-1935  Search this
Rothenstein, Will  Search this
Russell, Lillian, 1861-1922  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1841-1927  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Sears, Sarah C., 1858-1935  Search this
Slade, C. Arnold (Caleb Arnold), 1882-1961  Search this
Slade, Irene  Search this
Sleeper, Henry Davis, 1878-1934  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson, 1838-1915  Search this
Smith, George Warren  Search this
Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950  Search this
Spaulding, Albert  Search this
St. Denis, Ruth, 1880-1968  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Stillman, William James, 1828-1901  Search this
Story, Julian, 1857-1919  Search this
Story, Waldo, 1855-1915  Search this
Swift, Henry & Mary Coffin  Search this
Symonds, John Addington, 1840-1893  Search this
Terry, Ellen, Dame, 1847-1928  Search this
Thaxter, Celia, 1835-1894  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923  Search this
Tiffany, Mary A. (Mary Adeline)  Search this
Van Rensselaer, Schuyler, Mrs., 1851-1934  Search this
Wadsworth, Adelaide E., 1844-1928  Search this
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897  Search this
Ward, Humphry, Mrs., 1851-1920  Search this
Warren, Fiske, Mrs  Search this
Wheelwright, Edmund March, 1854-1912  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
White, Margaret  Search this
Whitman, Sarah  Search this
Wister, Owen, 1860-1938  Search this
Woodbury, Charles H. (Charles Herbert), 1864-1940  Search this
Zogbaum, Rufus Fairchild, 1849-1925  Search this
Zorn, Anders, 1860-1920  Search this
Zorn, Anders, Mrs  Search this
40 Microfilm reels
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Scope and Contents:
Letters, business records, diary, and photographs.
REEL 380-413: Primarily correspondence, mostly Gardner's own, but including family correspondence and Gardner Museum correspondence. Also included are misc. items and printed material. Correspondents include: Edwin Austin Abbey, Lyman Abbott, Brooks Adams, Alexander Agassiz, Elizabeth C. Agassiz, Louis Agassiz, Luigi Agostini, Hamilton Aide, Thomas B. Aldrich, Abram P. Andrew, Boris Anisfeld, George Arliss, Anne L. Balch, George G. Barnard, Grace Edith Barnes, Cecilia Beaux, Martin Birnbaum, William Sturgis Bigelow, William Phipps Blake, Edwin Howland Blashfield, Wilhelm von Bode, Martin Brimmer, J. Appleton Brown, Dennis Miller Bunker, Bryson Burroughs, Theodore Byard, Morris Carter, Paul Chalfin, Conrad Chapman, John Jay Chapman, Alfred Q. Collins,
Frederick Shepard Converse, Walter William Spencer Cook, Archibald Cary Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, Charles Townsend Copeland, Kenyon Cox, Ralph Adams Cram, Francis Marion Crawford, Raymond Crosby, Sally Cross, Ralph W. Curtis, Howard G. Cushing, Charlotte Cushman, Walter Damrosch, Richard Harding Davis, Elsie De Wolfe, Mary Dexter, Nathan H. Dole, John Donoghue, Ruth Draper, Duveen Brothers, J. S. Dwight, Theodore F. Dwight, Louis Dyer, Charles W. Eliot, Barry Faulkner, Gabriel Faure, Minnie Maddern Fiske, Daniel Chester French, Helen C. Frick, Roger E. Fry, Ossip Gabrilowitsch, John Lowell Gardner, William Amory Gardner, I. M. Gaugengigl, Richard Watson Gilder, Rene Gimpel, Edwin L. Godkin, Leon Gordon, Lady Augusta Gregory, Louise I. Guiney, Edward E. Hale,
Mary (Mrs. Richard Walden) Hale, Philip Leslie Hale, Mrs. Philip Hale, Richard Hammond, Walter Hampden, George C. Hazelton, Paul Helleu, Henry Lee Higginson, Thomas W. Higginson, Robert Hinckley, Malvina Hoffman, Edward W. Hooper, Harriet Hosmer, Julia W. Howe, Archer M. Huntington, Vincent d'Indy, Henry Irving, August F. Jaccaci, Clarence King, William Kittredge, Louis Kronberg, Petr A. Kropotkin, Anna C. Ladd, John La Farge, Charles Rollinson Lamb, Charles Lanman, Charles G. Loring, James R. Lowell, Dodge Macknight, Mary L. Macomber, Richard Mansfield, Paul Manship, Frank J. Mather, Francis John McComas, Nellie Melba, Francis Davis Millet, S. Weir Mitchell, Helena Modjeska, Pierre Monteux, John S. Mosby, Gilbert Murray,
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Andrews Norton, Lily Norton, Richard Norton, William O'Connell, Kazuzo Okakura, Jean N. Oliver, William O. Partridge, Walter Pater, Anna Pavlova, Waldo Peirce, Joseph Pennell, Harper Pennington, Lilla Cabot Perry, Edward C. Pickering, Sophia L. Pitman, Matthew Stewart Prichard, John Quinn, Robert Reid, Amelie Rives, Elizabeth W. Roberts, Auguste Rodin, Denman Ross, Will Rothenstein, Lillian Russell, Paul J. Sachs, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Ruth St. Denis, Franklin B. Sanborn, Charles Sprague Sargent, John Singer Sargent, J.M. Sears, C. Arnold Slade, Irene Slade, Henry Davis Sleeper, F. Hopkinson Smith, George Warren Smith, Joseph L. Smith, Albert Spaulding, Maurice Sterne, William James Stillman, Julian Story, Thomas W. Story, Henry Swift,
John Addington Symonds, Ellen Terry, Celia Thaxter, Abbott H. Thayer, William R. Thayer, Mary A. Tiffany, Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer, Adelaide E. Wadsworth, Francis Amasa Walker, Mrs. Humphry Ward, Mrs. Fiske Warren, Edmund March Wheelwright, James McNeill Whistler, Margaret White, Sara de Prix Wyman Whitman, Wildenstein Galleries, Owen Wister, Charles H. Woodbury, Rufus F. Zogbaum, Anders Zorn, Mrs. Anders Zorn, and others.
REELS 631-632: Personal papers of Gardner and some records of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum including dealers' files containing invoices, notes, cancelled checks, and letters; a record book, "Prices Paid for Paintings," 1917; a record book, "Prices Paid for Works of Art"; 118 installation photographs of the museum as arranged by Gardner, 1924; a diary kept in Egypt, 1874, with sketches; a diary kept in Shanghai and India, 1883-1884; "Directions for my funeral," 1912; and "Suggestions for Running a Museum," 1913.
REELS 696-698: Letters from Bernard Berenson to Gardner, 1887-1924. Letters contain references to literary topics, Berenson's impressions of Europe, various paintings and artists, advice to Gardner on the purchase of paintings and information on their sale.
REEL 846: Checklist of Gardner's letters to Bernard and Mary Berenson, 1894-1924; typescripts of personal and official correspondence (originals found on AAA microfilm reels 696-698), 1887-1924.
Biographical / Historical:
Art patron, collector, and museum founder; Boston, Mass. Immediately after graduation from Harvard, Bernard Berenson was hired by Gardner to travel throughout Italy collecting Italian Renaissance art for her recreated Venetian palazzo in Boston. She established her palazzo as a museum of fine European art with stipulations that after her death none of the exhibited works was to be moved or rearranged, but left as she had designed during her lifetime.
Microfilm lent by Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum for duplicating, 1972-1975.
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Art patrons -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art, Renaissance -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art, Italian -- Italy -- Venice  Search this
Painting, Renaissance  Search this
Sculpture, Renaissance  Search this
Art museums -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

When Romeo was a woman : Charlotte Cushman and her circle of female spectators / Lisa Merrill

Merrill, Lisa  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte 1816-1876  Search this
Physical description:
xxv, 318 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
United States
Actors  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Across an untried sea : discovering lives hidden in the shadow of convention and time / Julia Markus

Markus, Julia 1939-  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte 1816-1876  Search this
Carlyle, Jane Welsh 1801-1866  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 331 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
United States
Great Britain
Actors  Search this
Intellectuals  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

From amateur to professional : American women and career in the arts / guest editor, Lois Marie Fink

Fink, Lois Marie  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia 1855-1942  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte 1816-1876  Search this
Tuthill, Louisa C (Louisa Caroline) 1798-1879  Search this
Physical description:
p. 302-414 : ill. ; 23 cm
United States
Women artists  Search this
Women architects  Search this
Call number:
NX164.W65 F93 1988
NX164.W65F93 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Bright particular star; the life & times of Charlotte Cushman

Leach, Joseph  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte 1816-1876  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 453 p. illus., facsim., ports. 24 cm
Call number:
CT275.C987 L4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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