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Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia

Creator:
McLaughlin, Harris M.  Search this
Photographer:
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Names:
Chapman, H  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
12 Mounted prints (albumen)
370 Prints (circa, silver gelatin (including photographic postcards))
1 Print (collotype)
5 Negative rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
2 Positive rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
8 Prints (photogravure)
12 Postcards (color halftone, halftone, and color collotype)
2 Color prints
1 Panoramic print (color halftone)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Cubans  Search this
Mexica (Aztec) (archaeological culture)  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Prints
Negative rolls
Positive rolls
Postcards
Color prints
Panoramic print
Photographs
Place:
Guatemala
Cuba
Japan
Puerto Rico
Havana (Cuba)
Texas
Mexico
Honduras
San Antonio (Tex.)
China
Panama
Dominican Republic
Mérida (Mexico)
Chichén Itzá Site (Mexico)
Date:
circa 1898-1941
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by Harris M. McLaughlin during his travels in the American southwest and other parts of North and South America, as well as Asia and Europe. Photographs made in Texas include images of the 1928 American Legion National Convention, the dirigible "Los Angeles" floating over San Antonio, the first train in Rio Grande City, cowboys and ranchers, missions, and city and scenic views. McLaughlin also took photographs at the Grand Canyon, Canyon del Muerto, Bryce Canyon, and Zion National Park, and collected Frashers Foto postcards with photographs of Apache Indians, Navajo Indians, a Papago dwelling, a Pueblo potterymaker, and a Hopi Snake Dance. Photographs from Guatemala include images of villages and cities (including Antigua and Zacapa), as well as a harvest ceremony in Chichicastenango. McLaughlin also took photographs during a trip to Monterey, Mexico, which include images of towns and scenic views. Additional photographs depict flood damage in Aurora, Indiana; city views and scenery of Merida, Mexico; Chichen Itza; a banana plantation in Honduras; and wartime China and Europe.

Photographs of Cuba in 1898, probably not made by McLaughlin, include images of the USS Maine wreck, and funeral services for the sailors of the ship and residents of Havana. The collection also contains photographs of trees and a dwelling in Honduras made by H. E. Chapman in 1933, photographs of people and scenery in Sumatra made by J. H. Zimmermann, and commercial photographs of archeological collections at the Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Historia y Etnografia in Mexico. There are also images of scenery and architecture in Japan, Panama and the Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Belgium, England, and other places in Europe. Depicted individuals include Charles A. Lindbergh, as well as McLaughlin and his family.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2000-04
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Frashers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2000-04, Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2000-04
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2000-04

Una Carreta--a Cuban Ox Cart [picture postcard]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Collector:
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Philatelic Collection, Smithsonian Institution.  Search this
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Collection Source:
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (color, 3-1/2" x 5-1/2".)
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Havana (Cuba)
Scope and Contents:
Photo depicts a cart pulled by four oxen. A man, dressed in the white shirt and pants typical of guajiro, poses atop the cart. Another cart stands behind the first cart.
General:
Series II, Box 17, Foreign--Cuba.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rural scenes  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Farmers -- Cuba  Search this
Cattle -- Cuba  Search this
Transportation -- Cuba  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards -- 1900-1920
Picture postcards -- 1900-1920
Collection Citation:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, c. 1880-c. 1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution,
See more items in:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection / Series 2: Geographical Locations outside the United States / Cuba - General
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0200-ref2251

Hank Thompson, Suitcase Simpson, Larry Doby, Roy Campanella, George Crowe, Monte Irvin, New York Cubans.

Created by:
Dr. Ernest C. Withers, American, 1922 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Hank Thompson, American, 1925 - 1969  Search this
Harry Simpson, American, 1925 - 1979  Search this
Larry Doby, American, 1923 - 2003  Search this
Roy Campanella, American, 1921 - 1993  Search this
George Crowe, American, 1921 - 2011  Search this
Monte Irvin, born 1919  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
New York Cubans, American, 1935 - 1950  Search this
Los Angeles Dodgers, American, founded 1883  Search this
San Francisco Giants, American, founded 1958  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 x 13 15/16 in. (27.9 x 35.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1952
Topic:
African American  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Photography  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.16.13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Ernest C. Withers Trust
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd540c2106d-bdae-4ecb-8095-0393c3116e83
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.16.13
Online Media:

Machito: A Latin Jazz Legacy

Title:
16mm motion picture film of Machito: A Latin Jazz Legacy
Created by:
Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican American, 1947 - 2008  Search this
Subject of:
Machito, Cuban American, 1908 - 1984  Search this
Tito Puente, American, 1923 - 2000  Search this
Ray Barretto, American, 1929 - 2006  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie, American, 1917 - 1993  Search this
Dexter Gordon, American, 1923 - 1990  Search this
Medium:
polyester film
Dimensions:
Duration (Reel 1): 24 Minutes
Length (Film): 850 Feet
Duration (Reel 2): 28 Minutes
Length (Film): 1000 Feet
Type:
motion pictures (information artifacts)
16mm (photographic film size)
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, New York, North and Central America
Date:
1987
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
Film  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Musical films  Search this
Salsa (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2017.55.67.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Icarus Films, ©1987. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
DC Public Library Film Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58c746c65-fca6-4707-b69c-8f0265e83960
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.55.67.1ab

Photograph of Princess Orelia and Pedro with the "Cuban Congo Dancers"

Photograph by:
James J. Kriegsmann, 1909 - 1994  Search this
Subject of:
Princess Orelia Benskina, Panamanian American, 1911 - 2002  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Owned by:
Laura Cathrell, 1914 - 1999  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 7 1/2 × 9 5/16 in. (19 × 23.6 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 1/8 × 10 in. (20.6 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1938
Topic:
African American  Search this
Dance  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Music  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Stereotypes  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.30
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Racist and Stereotypical Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e508ac7e-88ff-4890-9743-e5bd0387a6bd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.30
Online Media:

Photograph of Joe Louis and William Rowe

Created by:
Associated Press, American, founded 1846  Search this
Subject of:
Joe Louis, American, 1914 - 1981  Search this
William Leon Rowe, American, 1915 - 1997  Search this
Medium:
toner on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/8 x 10 in. (20.6 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
photomechanical prints
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
June 5, 1961
Topic:
African American  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Boxing  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.79
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1961 Associated Press. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51e23c2b9-2c3b-4cf5-bd2c-db32b46137f9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.17.79
Online Media:

Thomas Fletcher

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 8 1/2 in. (27.9 x 21.6 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
portraits
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 16, 2007; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c9fbfafe-648e-453c-b3d2-9d664eeca44d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.13

Thomas Fletcher playing Charles "CJ" Griffin

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Charles Johnson, American  Search this
Ray Harmon, American, born 1949  Search this
Mike Weaver, Jamaican, born 1971  Search this
Tony Simuel, American, born 1950  Search this
Oliver Griffin, American, born 1934  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
March 29, 2008; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd557592cb3-a13a-4fba-987b-372e4d45ec9f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.3

Inside Club

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
William DeShields, American, 1927 - 2010  Search this
James B. Dixon, American, born 1927  Search this
John Henry Self, American, born 1936  Search this
Fletcher Clark, American, born 1929  Search this
Oliver Griffin, American, born 1934  Search this
Talmadge Roberts, American, born 1931  Search this
Thomas Franklin Webber, American, born 1954  Search this
Gabe Curtis Brothers, American, born 1952  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
November 1, 2008; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.37
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f8b33249-4c8d-4f24-b209-f003e5ce2a0e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.37

Fletcher Clark playing Gabe Curtis Brothers

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Fletcher Clark, American, born 1929  Search this
Gabe Curtis Brothers, American, born 1952  Search this
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Charles Johnson, American  Search this
Freddie Owens, American, born 1942  Search this
John A. Williams III, American, 1941 - 2010  Search this
John Curtis, American, born 1940  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 20, 2009; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.42
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58b62fc01-0c99-4695-9e87-55a221cde359
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.42

Members Standing Outside the Club at 813 S Street, NW

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Donald Cunningham, American, born 1946  Search this
John A. Williams III, American, 1941 - 2010  Search this
George E. Glenn, American, 1931 - 2010  Search this
Oliver Griffin, American, born 1934  Search this
Spencer Taylor, American, born 1928  Search this
Freddie Owens, American, born 1942  Search this
John Curtis, American, born 1940  Search this
Fletcher Clark, American, born 1929  Search this
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Thomas Franklin Webber, American, born 1954  Search this
Charles Johnson, American  Search this
Talmadge Roberts, American, born 1931  Search this
Gabe Curtis Brothers, American, born 1952  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
portraits
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 20, 2009; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.43
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52d2b11be-ac14-468c-8e63-368129bdbda1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.43

Members Inside the Club

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
George E. Glenn, American, 1931 - 2010  Search this
Charles Johnson, American  Search this
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Fletcher Clark, American, born 1929  Search this
Gabe Curtis Brothers, American, born 1952  Search this
Oliver Griffin, American, born 1934  Search this
Pernell Lee, American, born 1936  Search this
Freddie Owens, American, born 1942  Search this
John A. Williams III, American, 1941 - 2010  Search this
John Curtis, American, born 1940  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 20, 2009; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.44
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5030abec0-2e7e-4e44-9db4-b86975a67e55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.44

Members Inside the Club

Photograph by:
Peggy Fleming, American  Search this
Printed by:
James Steele, American  Search this
Subject of:
Freddie Owens, American, born 1942  Search this
John A. Williams III, American, 1941 - 2010  Search this
Thomas Franklin Webber, American, born 1954  Search this
Oliver Griffin, American, born 1934  Search this
George E. Glenn, American, 1931 - 2010  Search this
Thomas Fletcher, Cuban American, born 1933  Search this
Fletcher Clark, American, born 1929  Search this
Gabe Curtis Brothers, American, born 1952  Search this
John Curtis, American, born 1940  Search this
Spencer Taylor, American, born 1928  Search this
Charles Johnson, American  Search this
Talmadge Roberts, American, born 1931  Search this
Donald Cunningham, American, born 1946  Search this
Capital Pool Checkers Club, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/2 x 11 in. (21.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
black-and-white photographs
portraits
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
August 29, 2009; printed 2012
Topic:
African American  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Men  Search this
Photography  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Peggy Fleming
Object number:
2012.41.46
Restrictions & Rights:
© Peggy Fleming
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f7753c40-b17f-4473-a8d8-41cca43f1562
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.41.46

Pennant for the New York Cuban Stars

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
New York Cuban Stars, American, 1907 - 1932  Search this
Medium:
paint on felt
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 5/16 x 26 1/2 x 3/16 in. (18.6 x 67.3 x 0.5 cm)
Type:
pennants
Place depicted:
Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1907 - 1932
Topic:
African American  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.171.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd505d9689f-e1b4-43da-84f3-286fe267ed72
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.171.4

Photographic postcard of the Cuban Knights Social Club

Printed by:
Orcajo Photo Art, American  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Cuban Knights Social Club  Search this
St. Louis Crackerjacks, American, 1938  Search this
West End Hall, American  Search this
Harold Green  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 7/16 × 5 7/16 in. (8.7 × 13.8 cm)
Type:
portraits
photographic postcards
Place depicted:
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
1937
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ac071f30-cd6a-4fd8-ac73-ef42f123b29a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.13
Online Media:

Photograph of a female dancer in costume performing on stage

Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
José Curbelo, Cuban American, 1917 - 2012  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 7 15/16 × 9 13/16 in. (20.1 × 24.9 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 1/8 × 10 in. (20.7 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Date:
1942-1959
Topic:
African American  Search this
Dance  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Theatre  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.138
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd507e5de08-5c23-46de-9879-d522e23d20b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.138
Online Media:

Photograph of the interior of a New York restaurant

Photograph by:
James Van Der Zee, American, 1886 - 1983  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 7 5/8 × 9 5/8 in. (19.4 × 24.4 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 × 10 in. (20.3 × 25.4 cm)
H x W (Matboard): 16 × 20 in. (40.6 × 50.8 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 1935
Topic:
African American  Search this
Cooking and dining  Search this
Photography  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Julia J. Norrell
Object number:
2016.181.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c511425e-177f-42d4-867e-db9cdaf54289
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.181.3

Scrapbook, Volume 2 (2 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Studenski, Paul, 1887-1961  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1915-1961
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Paul Studenski Collection, Acc. 1989-0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Studenski Collection
Paul Studenski Collection / Series 3: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0012-ref29
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  • View Scrapbook, Volume 2 (2 of 2) digital asset number 1

International Salt Company Records

Creator:
International Salt Company  Search this
Costain, Harold Haliday  Search this
Rittase, William M., 1894-1968  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Date:
1881-1993
bulk 1920-1929
Summary:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.

The scrapbooks contain advertisements for the International Salt Company's Sterling Salt label and other leading salt companies, especially Morton's. Much of the ephemera consists of labels, but there are also small pamphlet cookbooks. The cookbooks, prepared and marketed by various salt companies, tout recipes for tasty dishes using specific salts and expound upon the merits of salt in general, especially the medical benefits. Other clever salt-related advertising appears in conjunction with maps, buttons, song books, calendars, and health exercises.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937, consists primarily of financial materials--ledgers, cash books, monthly statements, timekeeping and payroll information--for the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company (A.R.S.M.Co.), Detroit Rock Salt Company, Detroit Salt Company, International Salt Company, and the Restof Mining Company. Additionally, there is one annual report for the International Salt Company (1957) and the newsletter Saltmaker, 1964.

There are two A.R.S.M.Co. ledgers, 1898-1907 and 1907-1922. The first ledger, 1898-1907, predates the founding of the International Salt Company, and it is likely that A.R.S.M.Co was absorbed by International Salt during a merger. Documentation recorded including inventories, merchandise, labor, surplus, insurance, office expenses, legal expenses, taxes, bills receivable, directors' committee fees, fuel, candles, oil, waste and packing, rental, repairs and maintenance, interest, labor, feed, outside salary account, Cuban consignment account, and loan account. Specific persons, such as superintendents F. Rundio and Sidney Bradford, are mentioned and specific companies including Restof Mining, Joy Morton Company, Havana Mill, G. Lawton Childs & Company, International Salt of New York and various others (pages 193-212), are listed with expenses.

The Detroit Salt Company (general ledger), 1911-1913, consists of one bound volume documenting the company's assets, liabilities, expenses, earnings, advance accounts, and old accounts.

Detroit Rock Salt Company (cash record), 1912 October-1913 January, consists of one bound volume documenting cash received and cash disbursed.

International Salt Company, Inc., Independent Salt Company Division (monthly statements), 1933 October-1937 December, consists of one bound volume of general ledger trial balance sheets organized chronologically. Detailed documentation includes general expenses, assets, capital assets, liabilities, special reserves, net worth, profit and loss statements, warehousing costs and tonnage purchased.

Restof Mining Company (time and payroll), 1894 July 1-1895 March 31, consists of one bound volume of 400 pages, documenting the time and payroll for employees. The volume contains the name of the employee, the number of days worked, hourly wage earned per day, the amount earned, advances, board due, store (supplies due), rent, and any balances due. A portion of the volume is severely water-damaged.

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935, consists of copies of issued trademark declarations from the United States Patent Office. The trademarks are for company names, logos, salt containers and packages, and various salt products. The trademarks are arranged alphabetically by the name of the trademark. For example, Amaessa, a trademark for baking powder and salt is filed with other trademarks beginning with the letter "A." Additional materials consist of one file folder of correspondence and printed materials about patents, trademarks and copyright laws. The correspondence relates specifically to the ownership of certain trademarks by International Salt Company, and there is correspondence from John L. Ryon, assistant sales manager and W.T. Chisolm, vice-president of International Salt Company. There are compiled lists of brand names, trademarks, and package designs for which International Salt registered at the United States Patent Office, 1926-1927. There are two examples of small cloth bags branded with "Ideal Salt" and some packaging, such as "White Lily High Grade Salt" and labels such as "Purex Free Running Table Salt." The Peter J.L. Searing trademark for salt (No. 52,963) and Chicago Sawed Salt-Block Company (No. 15,174) provide examples of ethnic imagery. A trademark is a brand name. A trademark or service mark includes any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination used or intended to be used to identify and distinguish the goods/services of one seller or provider from those of others, and to indicate the source of the goods/services. Although federal registration of a mark is not mandatory, it has several advantages, including notice to the public of the registrant's claim of ownership of the mark, legal presumption of ownership nationwide, and exclusive right to use the mark on or in connection with the goods/services listed in the registration.

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993, is divided into five subseries: Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, 1934; Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934; Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993; Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s; and Subseries 5, Album (unidentified), undated.

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934, consists of three photographs (approximately 10 1/2" x 13") black-and-white prints mounted to 16" x 20" boards. The prints are numbered #6, #42, and #44 and depict a salt mine and equipment used in salt manufacturing located in Avery Island, Louisiana.

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934, consists of black-and-white prints (10" x 14") signed by Ritasse which are mounted on 18 1/2" x 20" boards. The photographs are arranged numerically from #350 to #480. Many of the photographs are captioned. American photographer William Rittase (1887-1968), active in the 1920s-1930s, is known for his industrial photography. Rittase's images provide insight into International Salt Company activities such as salt manufacturing, packaging operations, general factory processes, printing salt bags, can labeling, brine storage, exteriors of buildings, crushing salt, men in the salt mines, machine shop views, and equipment.

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993, consists of black-and-white and color prints, as well as transparencies depicting salt mines and related activities. Some of the photographs document a visit by International Salt Company executives to the Jefferson Island, Louisiana salt plant.

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s, consists of seventeen color slides documenting salt plants, equipment and salt miners.

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated, consists of twenty-two 4" x 6 1/2" black-and-white photographs documenting the damage to a salt manufacturing plant. The photographs are captioned, but there is no indication of the geographic location of the salt plant.

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948, consists of two scrapbooks (14" x 17" and 11" x 16") that contain primarily tear sheets, unbound periodical pages showing an advertisement as printed, or as a proof, newspaper clippings, magazine clippings, correspondence, pamphlets, price lists, recipes, labels, periodicals, and other ephemera.

The scrapbook, 1920-1931, consists primarily of advertisements and newspaper clippings related to advertising salt products, especially for Morton's Salt and Diamond Crystal Salt. Other companies represented include Colonial Salt Company, Carey Salt Company, Jefferson Island Salt Company, Kerr Salt Company, Mulkey Salt Company, Myles Salt Company, Ohio Salt Company, Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company, Remington Salt Company, Star Salt Corporation, Union Salt Company, Worcester Salt Company, and Watkins Salt Company.

The scrapbook from 1945-1948 is devoted to advertisements for the International Salt Company and Sterling Salt, which promoted salt uses for the home (table salt, curing meats, and brines), industry (rock salt for winter weather) and agriculture (killing weeds). Many of the advertisements were part of the "Pass the Salt" campaign and were featured in publications such as Woman's Day, National Provisioner, Food Industries, Hide, Leather and Shoes, Chemical Previews, and Public Works. The scrapbook is divided into three sections: institutional, weed prevention, and Lixate, a process developed by the International Salt Research Laboratory for making brine. Many of the advertisements were prepared by J.M. Mathes Incorporated.

Also included is a traveling salt kit for Sterling Salt Company salesmen, undated, featuring small glass vials of sterling salt from mines in Detroit, Avery Island, Louisiana, and Restof, New York. Each vial notes the types of salts--purified, softener, iodized, medium flake, coarse flake, granular flour, and meat.

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s, consists of oversize advertising posters for Worcester Salt Company. There is one set of labels from an exhibit titled "I Eat Rocks! Salt of the Earth."
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s
Biographical / Historical:
The International Salt Company incorporated on August 22, 1901, and in 1902, the company purchased the stock and assets of the National Salt Company, which had failed. By 1934, International Salt was a holding company for six subsidiaries: Avery Salt Company (West Virginia), Detroit Rock Salt Company (Michigan), Eastern Salt Company (Massachusetts), Independent Salt Company (New York), International Salt Company, Inc. (New York), and Retsof Mining Company (New York). All of the subsidiaries operated rock salt mines and evaporated salt plants and distributed salt. In 1940, the International Salt Company decided to sell four of its subsidiaries--Avery Salt Company, Detroit Rock Salt Company, International Salt Company, Inc., and Retsof Mining Company.

John M. Avery discovered rock salt at Petite Anse, Louisiana in 1862. Petite Anse Island was renamed Avery Island in the late 19th century. Ownership and mining of salt at Petite Anse involved numerous parties until 1886, when New Iberia Salt Company took over operations. In 1896, the Avery family began operating the mine, and they founded the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company. In 1899, the International Salt Company leased the mine.

The Detroit Salt and Manufacturing Company was founded in 1906. The company quickly went bankrupt during construction of a shaft and was acquired in 1910 by the Watkins Salt Company, which incorporated the new organization under the name Detroit Rock Salt Company. The company experienced success and the International Salt Company purchased the mine circa 1914. In 1983, International Salt closed the mine's operations and in 1985, Crystal Mines, Inc., purchased the mine as a potential storage site.

In 1885 the Empire Salt Company of New York was renamed the Retsof Mine Company, and the Village of Retsof was founded near the mine shaft. During the next 110 years, the mine grew to become the largest salt-producing mine in the United States and the second largest in the world. Before the initial collapse in March 1994, the mine encompassed an underground area of more than 6,000 acres, and the mine footprint (outer edge of mined area) extended over an area of nearly ten square miles. At the time of the collapse, the Retsof Mine was owned by Akzo-Nobel Salt Incorporated (ANSI) and, during the winter of 1993--994 operated at full capacity to meet demands for road salt throughout the northeastern United States. The Retsof Mine ceased operations on September 2, 1995, and by December, twenty-one months after the initial collapse, the mine was completely flooded.
Related Materials:
Materials held at the Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of American History

Trade catalogs from International Salt Company Inc., 1900s

Materials held at Other Organizations

Harvard University Archives

Ritasse, William M., 1894-1968. Photographs of Hardvard University campus and environs taken by William M. Ritasse, circa 1930.

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs

Avery Rock Salt Mining Company, Plan. June 16, 1924 (AKZO No. 7-77-02) - Avery Island Salt Works, Akzo Salt Incorporated, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Salt Mine Village, Salt Workers' Houses No. 6, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Avery Island Sugarhouse, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

State Library of Louisiana

Historic Photograph Collection contains images of salt mining at Avery Island, Louisiana.

University of North Carolina, Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Library

Papers for the Avery Family of Louisiana, 1796-1951
Provenance:
Tom Maeder donated the collection on June 13, 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Salt  Search this
Salt workers  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Michigan  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- New York  Search this
Salt industry and trade  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Louisiana  Search this
advertising  Search this
Industrial photography -- 1990-2000 -- Texas  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Louisiana  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- New York  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Citation:
International Salt Company Records, 1881-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1158
See more items in:
International Salt Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1158
Online Media:

Abril Lamarque papers

Creator:
Lamarque, Abril, 1904-1999  Search this
Names:
Abril Lamarque Creations  Search this
Art Directors Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bacardí Corporation (Puerto Rico)  Search this
Dell Publishing Company  Search this
International Brotherhood of Magicians  Search this
Iowa State University  Search this
National Press Club (U.S.)  Search this
New York Daily News (Firm)  Search this
New York Times  Search this
Oklahoma State University  Search this
Society of American Magicians  Search this
Society of Illustrators (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Department of State  Search this
University Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
García Cabral, Ernesto, 1890-1968  Search this
Hoffmaster, Paul  Search this
Kozlowski, Karol, 1885-1969  Search this
Lamarque, Juan Abril  Search this
Lamarque, Milagros Abril  Search this
Massaguer, Conrado Walter, 1889-1965  Search this
Portell-Vilá, Herminio, 1901-1992  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Extent:
6.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Caricatures
Sketches
Illustrations
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1883-2001
bulk 1904-1999
Summary:
The papers of Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director Abril Lamarque papers date from 1883-2001, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1904-1999, and measure 6.8 linear feet. His papers contain biographical material; correspondence; writings; files on the many seminars and workshop he taught; scattered financial records; files concerning his business Abril Lamarque Creations; subject files; clippings; printed illustrations of his comics, designs, illustrations, and other work; seven scrapbooks; two sketchbooks, sketches and drawings by him, and artwork by others, including his sister, his brother, Paul Hoffmaster, Enrique Riverón, and H. Portell Vilá; and photographs and negatives depicting Lamarque, Lamarque at work, Lamarque's magic shows, examples of advertising, and friends and colleagues.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director Abril Lamarque papers date from 1883-2001, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1904-1999, and measure 6.8 linear feet. His papers contain biographical material; correspondence; writings; files on the many seminars and workshops he taught; scattered financial records; files concerning his business Abril Lamarque Creations; subject files; clippings; printed illustrations of his comics, designs, illustrations, and other work; seven scrapbooks; two sketchbooks, sketches and drawings by him, and others, including his sister, his brother, Paul Hoffmaster, Enrique Riverón, and H. Portell Vilá; and photographs and negatives depicting Lamarque, Lamarque at work, Lamarque's magic shows, examples of advertising, and friends and colleagues.

Biographical materials include of materials related to Abril Lamarque's many professional and personal associations, including the Art Directors Club, the International Brotherhood of Magicians, the National Press Club, the New York University Club, the Society of American Magicians, and the Society of Illustrators. Material types include membership cards, documents, event posters, and yearbooks. Also included are some personal documents, information on Abril Lamarque and his family, Lamarque's collection of humorous business cards, and eulogies written about Lamarque.

Correspondence is generally scattered, but includes letters to and from illustrators and artists including Ernesto Garcia Cabral, Paul Hoffmaster, Conrado Massaguer, and Lamarque's brother, Juan Abril Lamarque. Some letters are illustrated. Also included is business correspondence, subjects and correspondents including the Dell Publishing Company, the New York Times, and correspondence related to workshops and lectures, including his work at Iowa State University and Oklahoma State University.

Writings chiefly document Lamarque's career in graphic and publication design, and consist of articles, an unpublished draft on publication design, manuals, and book reviews. Also included are scripts for magic shows performed by Lamarque. Writings by others are present, and include limericks written about Lamarque by friends and an autobiography of Lamarque's wife, Milagros Abril Lamarque.

The Workshops series consists of advertisements, press releases, handbooks, publication design layout examples, and other materials related to Lamarque's career in teaching publication design workshops and seminars. Also present within the collection are various financial materials. Abril Lamarque Creations materials document Lamarque's design firm, active 1940-1941, which focused on the design and manufacture of modern decorative accessories for the home, such as serving trays, cigarette holders and jewelry. Photographs, drawings, and advertisements in this series document the product design and sales.

The collection includes several subject files concerning the Bacardi Company, the Dell Publishing Company, and Cuban caricaturist and publisher Conrado Massaguer. Files on Massaguer include illustrations, posters, magazines, clippings, and articles. The Subject Files also include materials collected about Mexican caricaturist Ernesto García, self-taught Polish painter Karol Kozlowski, and several other illustrators and political figures of interest to Lamarque.

Printed materials make up the bulk of the collection. Found are numerous examples of his design work for the New York World-Telegram and Evening Mail, the New York Daily News, the New York Times, US News-World Report, Dell Publishing Company, and others; as well as cartoons, caricatures, and illustrations by Lamarque. Clippings of the comic strip Monguito and editions of the Havana newspaper Lunes de Diario de Cuba are present. Printed material also includes posters, including Lamarque's designs for the "Aluminum for Britain" project, which he was asked to discontinue by the U.S. State Department. Also found in this collection are graphic design and illustration clippings collected by Lamarque.

Also found within the collection are seven scrapbooks containing clippings and articles, illustrations, scattered letters, photographs, invitations, artwork, and other materials detailing Lamarque's extensive artistic career and his amateur magic performances.

Original artwork includes drawings, sketches, prints, and design by-products by Abril Lamarque. Artwork by Lamarque includes silkscreens of dictators; drawings and printing plates for Monguito comics; page banners for Film Fun and other publications; and design paste-ups. Artwork created by others found within the series includes caricatures of Lamarque, sketches by Juan Abril Lamarque, and prints by Paul Hoffmaster.

Photographs included in the collection document Abril Lamarque's life and career, and show Lamarque with friends and colleagues, and performing as an amateur magician for both children and adult audiences.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as eleven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-2001 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1922-1990 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings, 1925-1981 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 4: Workshops, circa 1940-circa 1985 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1924-1989 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Abril Lamarque Creations, circa 1940-circa 1945 (6 folders; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 7: Subject Files, 1905-1996 (0.5 linear feet; Box 4, OV 14)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1883-1989 (1.5 linear feet; Box 3, 4, 6, and 11, OV 15-17)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1920-1959 (1 linear foot; Boxes 7-9, OV 10)

Series 10: Original Artwork, circa 1914-1988 (0.5 linear feet; Box 4, OV 18)

Series 11: Photographic Material, circa 1920-circa 1985 (0.5 linear feet; Box 5, OV 19)
Biographical Note:
Eduardo Abril Lamarque (1904-1999) was a Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director who worked primarily in New York City.

Eduardo Abril Lamarque was born in Cuba on August 28, 1904. His parents sent him to the United States in 1916 when he was twelve to study English and business administration. He lived with an American family in Brooklyn. At age 15, Lamarque's first cartoon was published in the Boy Scout section of the New York World-Telegram and Evening Mail. Four years later he created Bla-Bla, a comic strip that appeared regularly in the New York Daily News. He is credited with creating, in the early 1920s, the first Spanish language comic strip that was not translated from English. The title cartoon character, Monguito, was a hapless soul, fully dressed in business suit and hat, who kept getting into sticky situations. Lamarque produced hundreds of these strips which were picked up by the New York based United Feature Syndicate and published daily in Spanish language newspapers throughout Latin America and the United States.

When he was twenty, Lamarque returned to Cuba to work as the artistic director for the Havana newspaper Lunes de Diario de Cuba. He also published a booklet designed to teach the elements of caricature drawing. Lamarque returned to New York and was hired by the New York World Telegram and Evening Mail as a caricaturist. He produced political cartoons and caricatures for the paper, introducing his "radiocatures", which involved providing instructions on the radio for filling in a grid in the newspaper to produce a caricature of well-known figure in the news.

In 1927, at the age of 23, he became the first art director of Dell Publishing Company - a magazine empire that included Film Fun, I Confess, War Stories, Modern Screen, Popular Song, Spotlight, Radio Stars, Theatrical Page, Ballyhoo, and Modern Romances. He continued working there for 14 years.

In 1940-1941, Lamarque established Abril Lamarque Creations, a design firm that specialized in elegant and functional household objects and jewelry in a modernist tradition. His signature piece was the Pallettray, a serving tray modeled after an artist's palette and hand-finished in exotic woods.

Between 1941 and 1946, Lamarque became the first art director for the Sunday edition of the New York Times and redesigned the New York Times Magazine and the New York Times Book Review. Throughout his career, Lamarque designed and redesigned countless magazines and journals, including American Weekly, New York News, Metropolitan Life, Popular Science, This Week, US News-World Report, and others.

In 1948, Lamarque established a successful graphic design studio in New York that provided a full spectrum of design services, including annual reports, posters, product labeling, corporate publications, advertising, logos, package designs, and brochures. His clients included Barcardi Company, Con Edison, Ericcson Telephone, General Cable, Berlitz School, Lipton, Monsanto, and numerous magazines. In 1958, he was given the National Award for Graphic Design in packaging. His design for the annual American Red Cross poster was selected for the 1948 national Red Cross campaign.

His success and high demand as a publication art director, consultant, and designer was attributed to innovative design principles he based on the German Bauhaus School and its philosophy that promoted functional design principles. Lamarque reduced these principles to a set of guidelines suitable for page design and applied them successfully to a wide variety of publication and print layouts.

Lamarque's teaching experience began in the early 1940s with seminars and workshops he conducted for the publishing industry. He joined the faculty of New York University School of Continuing Education in 1958, where he taught until 1963, and later joined the Crowell Collier Institute and taught publication design workshops across the United States and Canada. He also gave workshops and courses at Oklahoma State School of Journalism.

Lamarque was a long-time member of the Society of Illustrators, Society of Art Directors, the Dutch Treat Club, National Press Club, and New York University Club. He was also an amateur magician and member of the Society of American Magicians. He performed magic acts for the annual Christmas party of the Society of Illustrators. Abril Lamarque died in 1999 at the age of 94.
Provenance:
Martha Lamarque Sarno and Lita M. Elvers assembled and donated their father's papers to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, in 2001.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Abril Lamarque papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Design -- Study and teaching  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Magicians -- United States  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Caricatures
Sketches
Illustrations
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Abril Lamarque papers, 1883-2001, bulk 1904-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lamaabri
See more items in:
Abril Lamarque papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lamaabri
Online Media:

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