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International Salt Company Records

Creator:
International Salt Company  Search this
Costain, Harold Haliday  Search this
Rittase, William M., 1894-1968  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Date:
1881-1993
bulk 1920-1929
Summary:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.

The scrapbooks contain advertisements for the International Salt Company's Sterling Salt label and other leading salt companies, especially Morton's. Much of the ephemera consists of labels, but there are also small pamphlet cookbooks. The cookbooks, prepared and marketed by various salt companies, tout recipes for tasty dishes using specific salts and expound upon the merits of salt in general, especially the medical benefits. Other clever salt-related advertising appears in conjunction with maps, buttons, song books, calendars, and health exercises.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937, consists primarily of financial materials--ledgers, cash books, monthly statements, timekeeping and payroll information--for the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company (A.R.S.M.Co.), Detroit Rock Salt Company, Detroit Salt Company, International Salt Company, and the Restof Mining Company. Additionally, there is one annual report for the International Salt Company (1957) and the newsletter Saltmaker, 1964.

There are two A.R.S.M.Co. ledgers, 1898-1907 and 1907-1922. The first ledger, 1898-1907, predates the founding of the International Salt Company, and it is likely that A.R.S.M.Co was absorbed by International Salt during a merger. Documentation recorded including inventories, merchandise, labor, surplus, insurance, office expenses, legal expenses, taxes, bills receivable, directors' committee fees, fuel, candles, oil, waste and packing, rental, repairs and maintenance, interest, labor, feed, outside salary account, Cuban consignment account, and loan account. Specific persons, such as superintendents F. Rundio and Sidney Bradford, are mentioned and specific companies including Restof Mining, Joy Morton Company, Havana Mill, G. Lawton Childs & Company, International Salt of New York and various others (pages 193-212), are listed with expenses.

The Detroit Salt Company (general ledger), 1911-1913, consists of one bound volume documenting the company's assets, liabilities, expenses, earnings, advance accounts, and old accounts.

Detroit Rock Salt Company (cash record), 1912 October-1913 January, consists of one bound volume documenting cash received and cash disbursed.

International Salt Company, Inc., Independent Salt Company Division (monthly statements), 1933 October-1937 December, consists of one bound volume of general ledger trial balance sheets organized chronologically. Detailed documentation includes general expenses, assets, capital assets, liabilities, special reserves, net worth, profit and loss statements, warehousing costs and tonnage purchased.

Restof Mining Company (time and payroll), 1894 July 1-1895 March 31, consists of one bound volume of 400 pages, documenting the time and payroll for employees. The volume contains the name of the employee, the number of days worked, hourly wage earned per day, the amount earned, advances, board due, store (supplies due), rent, and any balances due. A portion of the volume is severely water-damaged.

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935, consists of copies of issued trademark declarations from the United States Patent Office. The trademarks are for company names, logos, salt containers and packages, and various salt products. The trademarks are arranged alphabetically by the name of the trademark. For example, Amaessa, a trademark for baking powder and salt is filed with other trademarks beginning with the letter "A." Additional materials consist of one file folder of correspondence and printed materials about patents, trademarks and copyright laws. The correspondence relates specifically to the ownership of certain trademarks by International Salt Company, and there is correspondence from John L. Ryon, assistant sales manager and W.T. Chisolm, vice-president of International Salt Company. There are compiled lists of brand names, trademarks, and package designs for which International Salt registered at the United States Patent Office, 1926-1927. There are two examples of small cloth bags branded with "Ideal Salt" and some packaging, such as "White Lily High Grade Salt" and labels such as "Purex Free Running Table Salt." The Peter J.L. Searing trademark for salt (No. 52,963) and Chicago Sawed Salt-Block Company (No. 15,174) provide examples of ethnic imagery. A trademark is a brand name. A trademark or service mark includes any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination used or intended to be used to identify and distinguish the goods/services of one seller or provider from those of others, and to indicate the source of the goods/services. Although federal registration of a mark is not mandatory, it has several advantages, including notice to the public of the registrant's claim of ownership of the mark, legal presumption of ownership nationwide, and exclusive right to use the mark on or in connection with the goods/services listed in the registration.

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993, is divided into five subseries: Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, 1934; Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934; Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993; Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s; and Subseries 5, Album (unidentified), undated.

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934, consists of three photographs (approximately 10 1/2" x 13") black-and-white prints mounted to 16" x 20" boards. The prints are numbered #6, #42, and #44 and depict a salt mine and equipment used in salt manufacturing located in Avery Island, Louisiana.

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934, consists of black-and-white prints (10" x 14") signed by Ritasse which are mounted on 18 1/2" x 20" boards. The photographs are arranged numerically from #350 to #480. Many of the photographs are captioned. American photographer William Rittase (1887-1968), active in the 1920s-1930s, is known for his industrial photography. Rittase's images provide insight into International Salt Company activities such as salt manufacturing, packaging operations, general factory processes, printing salt bags, can labeling, brine storage, exteriors of buildings, crushing salt, men in the salt mines, machine shop views, and equipment.

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993, consists of black-and-white and color prints, as well as transparencies depicting salt mines and related activities. Some of the photographs document a visit by International Salt Company executives to the Jefferson Island, Louisiana salt plant.

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s, consists of seventeen color slides documenting salt plants, equipment and salt miners.

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated, consists of twenty-two 4" x 6 1/2" black-and-white photographs documenting the damage to a salt manufacturing plant. The photographs are captioned, but there is no indication of the geographic location of the salt plant.

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948, consists of two scrapbooks (14" x 17" and 11" x 16") that contain primarily tear sheets, unbound periodical pages showing an advertisement as printed, or as a proof, newspaper clippings, magazine clippings, correspondence, pamphlets, price lists, recipes, labels, periodicals, and other ephemera.

The scrapbook, 1920-1931, consists primarily of advertisements and newspaper clippings related to advertising salt products, especially for Morton's Salt and Diamond Crystal Salt. Other companies represented include Colonial Salt Company, Carey Salt Company, Jefferson Island Salt Company, Kerr Salt Company, Mulkey Salt Company, Myles Salt Company, Ohio Salt Company, Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company, Remington Salt Company, Star Salt Corporation, Union Salt Company, Worcester Salt Company, and Watkins Salt Company.

The scrapbook from 1945-1948 is devoted to advertisements for the International Salt Company and Sterling Salt, which promoted salt uses for the home (table salt, curing meats, and brines), industry (rock salt for winter weather) and agriculture (killing weeds). Many of the advertisements were part of the "Pass the Salt" campaign and were featured in publications such as Woman's Day, National Provisioner, Food Industries, Hide, Leather and Shoes, Chemical Previews, and Public Works. The scrapbook is divided into three sections: institutional, weed prevention, and Lixate, a process developed by the International Salt Research Laboratory for making brine. Many of the advertisements were prepared by J.M. Mathes Incorporated.

Also included is a traveling salt kit for Sterling Salt Company salesmen, undated, featuring small glass vials of sterling salt from mines in Detroit, Avery Island, Louisiana, and Restof, New York. Each vial notes the types of salts--purified, softener, iodized, medium flake, coarse flake, granular flour, and meat.

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s, consists of oversize advertising posters for Worcester Salt Company. There is one set of labels from an exhibit titled "I Eat Rocks! Salt of the Earth."
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s
Biographical / Historical:
The International Salt Company incorporated on August 22, 1901, and in 1902, the company purchased the stock and assets of the National Salt Company, which had failed. By 1934, International Salt was a holding company for six subsidiaries: Avery Salt Company (West Virginia), Detroit Rock Salt Company (Michigan), Eastern Salt Company (Massachusetts), Independent Salt Company (New York), International Salt Company, Inc. (New York), and Retsof Mining Company (New York). All of the subsidiaries operated rock salt mines and evaporated salt plants and distributed salt. In 1940, the International Salt Company decided to sell four of its subsidiaries--Avery Salt Company, Detroit Rock Salt Company, International Salt Company, Inc., and Retsof Mining Company.

John M. Avery discovered rock salt at Petite Anse, Louisiana in 1862. Petite Anse Island was renamed Avery Island in the late 19th century. Ownership and mining of salt at Petite Anse involved numerous parties until 1886, when New Iberia Salt Company took over operations. In 1896, the Avery family began operating the mine, and they founded the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company. In 1899, the International Salt Company leased the mine.

The Detroit Salt and Manufacturing Company was founded in 1906. The company quickly went bankrupt during construction of a shaft and was acquired in 1910 by the Watkins Salt Company, which incorporated the new organization under the name Detroit Rock Salt Company. The company experienced success and the International Salt Company purchased the mine circa 1914. In 1983, International Salt closed the mine's operations and in 1985, Crystal Mines, Inc., purchased the mine as a potential storage site.

In 1885 the Empire Salt Company of New York was renamed the Retsof Mine Company, and the Village of Retsof was founded near the mine shaft. During the next 110 years, the mine grew to become the largest salt-producing mine in the United States and the second largest in the world. Before the initial collapse in March 1994, the mine encompassed an underground area of more than 6,000 acres, and the mine footprint (outer edge of mined area) extended over an area of nearly ten square miles. At the time of the collapse, the Retsof Mine was owned by Akzo-Nobel Salt Incorporated (ANSI) and, during the winter of 1993--994 operated at full capacity to meet demands for road salt throughout the northeastern United States. The Retsof Mine ceased operations on September 2, 1995, and by December, twenty-one months after the initial collapse, the mine was completely flooded.
Related Materials:
Materials held at the Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of American History

Trade catalogs from International Salt Company Inc., 1900s

Materials held at Other Organizations

Harvard University Archives

Ritasse, William M., 1894-1968. Photographs of Hardvard University campus and environs taken by William M. Ritasse, circa 1930.

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs

Avery Rock Salt Mining Company, Plan. June 16, 1924 (AKZO No. 7-77-02) - Avery Island Salt Works, Akzo Salt Incorporated, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Salt Mine Village, Salt Workers' Houses No. 6, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Avery Island Sugarhouse, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

State Library of Louisiana

Historic Photograph Collection contains images of salt mining at Avery Island, Louisiana.

University of North Carolina, Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Library

Papers for the Avery Family of Louisiana, 1796-1951
Provenance:
Tom Maeder donated the collection on June 13, 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Salt  Search this
Salt workers  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Michigan  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- New York  Search this
Salt industry and trade  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Louisiana  Search this
advertising  Search this
Industrial photography -- 1990-2000 -- Texas  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Louisiana  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- New York  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Citation:
International Salt Company Records, 1881-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1158
See more items in:
International Salt Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1158
Online Media:

Abril Lamarque papers, 1883-2001, bulk 1904-1999

Creator:
Lamarque, Abril, 1904-1999  Search this
Subject:
Lamarque, Milagros Abril  Search this
Kozlowski, Karol  Search this
García Cabral, Ernesto  Search this
Massaguer, Conrado Walter  Search this
Lamarque, Juan Abril  Search this
Portell-Vilá, Herminio  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Hoffmaster, Paul  Search this
International Brotherhood of Magicians  Search this
National Press Club  Search this
University Club  Search this
Dell Publishing Company  Search this
Oklahoma State University  Search this
Bacardí Corporation  Search this
New York Times  Search this
Society of Illustrators  Search this
Iowa State University  Search this
Society of American Magicians  Search this
Abril Lamarque Creations  Search this
Art Directors Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York Daily News  Search this
United States  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Caricatures
Sketches
Illustrations
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Magicians -- United States  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5573
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)228078
AAA_collcode_lamaabri
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Sketches & Sketchbooks
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_228078
Online Media:

Abril Lamarque papers

Creator:
Lamarque, Abril, 1904-1999  Search this
Names:
Abril Lamarque Creations  Search this
Art Directors Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bacardí Corporation (Puerto Rico)  Search this
Dell Publishing Company  Search this
International Brotherhood of Magicians  Search this
Iowa State University  Search this
National Press Club (U.S.)  Search this
New York Daily News (Firm)  Search this
New York Times  Search this
Oklahoma State University  Search this
Society of American Magicians  Search this
Society of Illustrators (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Department of State  Search this
University Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
García Cabral, Ernesto, 1890-1968  Search this
Hoffmaster, Paul  Search this
Kozlowski, Karol, 1885-1969  Search this
Lamarque, Juan Abril  Search this
Lamarque, Milagros Abril  Search this
Massaguer, Conrado Walter, 1889-1965  Search this
Portell-Vilá, Herminio, 1901-1992  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Extent:
6.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Caricatures
Sketches
Illustrations
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1883-2001
bulk 1904-1999
Summary:
The papers of Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director Abril Lamarque papers date from 1883-2001, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1904-1999, and measure 6.8 linear feet. His papers contain biographical material; correspondence; writings; files on the many seminars and workshop he taught; scattered financial records; files concerning his business Abril Lamarque Creations; subject files; clippings; printed illustrations of his comics, designs, illustrations, and other work; seven scrapbooks; two sketchbooks, sketches and drawings by him, and artwork by others, including his sister, his brother, Paul Hoffmaster, Enrique Riverón, and H. Portell Vilá; and photographs and negatives depicting Lamarque, Lamarque at work, Lamarque's magic shows, examples of advertising, and friends and colleagues.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director Abril Lamarque papers date from 1883-2001, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1904-1999, and measure 6.8 linear feet. His papers contain biographical material; correspondence; writings; files on the many seminars and workshops he taught; scattered financial records; files concerning his business Abril Lamarque Creations; subject files; clippings; printed illustrations of his comics, designs, illustrations, and other work; seven scrapbooks; two sketchbooks, sketches and drawings by him, and others, including his sister, his brother, Paul Hoffmaster, Enrique Riverón, and H. Portell Vilá; and photographs and negatives depicting Lamarque, Lamarque at work, Lamarque's magic shows, examples of advertising, and friends and colleagues.

Biographical materials include of materials related to Abril Lamarque's many professional and personal associations, including the Art Directors Club, the International Brotherhood of Magicians, the National Press Club, the New York University Club, the Society of American Magicians, and the Society of Illustrators. Material types include membership cards, documents, event posters, and yearbooks. Also included are some personal documents, information on Abril Lamarque and his family, Lamarque's collection of humorous business cards, and eulogies written about Lamarque.

Correspondence is generally scattered, but includes letters to and from illustrators and artists including Ernesto Garcia Cabral, Paul Hoffmaster, Conrado Massaguer, and Lamarque's brother, Juan Abril Lamarque. Some letters are illustrated. Also included is business correspondence, subjects and correspondents including the Dell Publishing Company, the New York Times, and correspondence related to workshops and lectures, including his work at Iowa State University and Oklahoma State University.

Writings chiefly document Lamarque's career in graphic and publication design, and consist of articles, an unpublished draft on publication design, manuals, and book reviews. Also included are scripts for magic shows performed by Lamarque. Writings by others are present, and include limericks written about Lamarque by friends and an autobiography of Lamarque's wife, Milagros Abril Lamarque.

The Workshops series consists of advertisements, press releases, handbooks, publication design layout examples, and other materials related to Lamarque's career in teaching publication design workshops and seminars. Also present within the collection are various financial materials. Abril Lamarque Creations materials document Lamarque's design firm, active 1940-1941, which focused on the design and manufacture of modern decorative accessories for the home, such as serving trays, cigarette holders and jewelry. Photographs, drawings, and advertisements in this series document the product design and sales.

The collection includes several subject files concerning the Bacardi Company, the Dell Publishing Company, and Cuban caricaturist and publisher Conrado Massaguer. Files on Massaguer include illustrations, posters, magazines, clippings, and articles. The Subject Files also include materials collected about Mexican caricaturist Ernesto García, self-taught Polish painter Karol Kozlowski, and several other illustrators and political figures of interest to Lamarque.

Printed materials make up the bulk of the collection. Found are numerous examples of his design work for the New York World-Telegram and Evening Mail, the New York Daily News, the New York Times, US News-World Report, Dell Publishing Company, and others; as well as cartoons, caricatures, and illustrations by Lamarque. Clippings of the comic strip Monguito and editions of the Havana newspaper Lunes de Diario de Cuba are present. Printed material also includes posters, including Lamarque's designs for the "Aluminum for Britain" project, which he was asked to discontinue by the U.S. State Department. Also found in this collection are graphic design and illustration clippings collected by Lamarque.

Also found within the collection are seven scrapbooks containing clippings and articles, illustrations, scattered letters, photographs, invitations, artwork, and other materials detailing Lamarque's extensive artistic career and his amateur magic performances.

Original artwork includes drawings, sketches, prints, and design by-products by Abril Lamarque. Artwork by Lamarque includes silkscreens of dictators; drawings and printing plates for Monguito comics; page banners for Film Fun and other publications; and design paste-ups. Artwork created by others found within the series includes caricatures of Lamarque, sketches by Juan Abril Lamarque, and prints by Paul Hoffmaster.

Photographs included in the collection document Abril Lamarque's life and career, and show Lamarque with friends and colleagues, and performing as an amateur magician for both children and adult audiences.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as eleven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-2001 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1922-1990 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings, 1925-1981 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 4: Workshops, circa 1940-circa 1985 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1924-1989 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Abril Lamarque Creations, circa 1940-circa 1945 (6 folders; Box 2, OV 13)

Series 7: Subject Files, 1905-1996 (0.5 linear feet; Box 4, OV 14)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1883-1989 (1.5 linear feet; Box 3, 4, 6, and 11, OV 15-17)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1920-1959 (1 linear foot; Boxes 7-9, OV 10)

Series 10: Original Artwork, circa 1914-1988 (0.5 linear feet; Box 4, OV 18)

Series 11: Photographic Material, circa 1920-circa 1985 (0.5 linear feet; Box 5, OV 19)
Biographical Note:
Eduardo Abril Lamarque (1904-1999) was a Cuban-born cartoonist, caricaturist, graphic designer, illustrator, and art director who worked primarily in New York City.

Eduardo Abril Lamarque was born in Cuba on August 28, 1904. His parents sent him to the United States in 1916 when he was twelve to study English and business administration. He lived with an American family in Brooklyn. At age 15, Lamarque's first cartoon was published in the Boy Scout section of the New York World-Telegram and Evening Mail. Four years later he created Bla-Bla, a comic strip that appeared regularly in the New York Daily News. He is credited with creating, in the early 1920s, the first Spanish language comic strip that was not translated from English. The title cartoon character, Monguito, was a hapless soul, fully dressed in business suit and hat, who kept getting into sticky situations. Lamarque produced hundreds of these strips which were picked up by the New York based United Feature Syndicate and published daily in Spanish language newspapers throughout Latin America and the United States.

When he was twenty, Lamarque returned to Cuba to work as the artistic director for the Havana newspaper Lunes de Diario de Cuba. He also published a booklet designed to teach the elements of caricature drawing. Lamarque returned to New York and was hired by the New York World Telegram and Evening Mail as a caricaturist. He produced political cartoons and caricatures for the paper, introducing his "radiocatures", which involved providing instructions on the radio for filling in a grid in the newspaper to produce a caricature of well-known figure in the news.

In 1927, at the age of 23, he became the first art director of Dell Publishing Company - a magazine empire that included Film Fun, I Confess, War Stories, Modern Screen, Popular Song, Spotlight, Radio Stars, Theatrical Page, Ballyhoo, and Modern Romances. He continued working there for 14 years.

In 1940-1941, Lamarque established Abril Lamarque Creations, a design firm that specialized in elegant and functional household objects and jewelry in a modernist tradition. His signature piece was the Pallettray, a serving tray modeled after an artist's palette and hand-finished in exotic woods.

Between 1941 and 1946, Lamarque became the first art director for the Sunday edition of the New York Times and redesigned the New York Times Magazine and the New York Times Book Review. Throughout his career, Lamarque designed and redesigned countless magazines and journals, including American Weekly, New York News, Metropolitan Life, Popular Science, This Week, US News-World Report, and others.

In 1948, Lamarque established a successful graphic design studio in New York that provided a full spectrum of design services, including annual reports, posters, product labeling, corporate publications, advertising, logos, package designs, and brochures. His clients included Barcardi Company, Con Edison, Ericcson Telephone, General Cable, Berlitz School, Lipton, Monsanto, and numerous magazines. In 1958, he was given the National Award for Graphic Design in packaging. His design for the annual American Red Cross poster was selected for the 1948 national Red Cross campaign.

His success and high demand as a publication art director, consultant, and designer was attributed to innovative design principles he based on the German Bauhaus School and its philosophy that promoted functional design principles. Lamarque reduced these principles to a set of guidelines suitable for page design and applied them successfully to a wide variety of publication and print layouts.

Lamarque's teaching experience began in the early 1940s with seminars and workshops he conducted for the publishing industry. He joined the faculty of New York University School of Continuing Education in 1958, where he taught until 1963, and later joined the Crowell Collier Institute and taught publication design workshops across the United States and Canada. He also gave workshops and courses at Oklahoma State School of Journalism.

Lamarque was a long-time member of the Society of Illustrators, Society of Art Directors, the Dutch Treat Club, National Press Club, and New York University Club. He was also an amateur magician and member of the Society of American Magicians. He performed magic acts for the annual Christmas party of the Society of Illustrators. Abril Lamarque died in 1999 at the age of 94.
Provenance:
Martha Lamarque Sarno and Lita M. Elvers assembled and donated their father's papers to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, in 2001.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Abril Lamarque papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Design -- Study and teaching  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Magicians -- United States  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Caricatures
Sketches
Illustrations
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Abril Lamarque papers, 1883-2001, bulk 1904-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lamaabri
See more items in:
Abril Lamarque papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lamaabri
Online Media:

Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers

Creator:
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Names:
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Hassold, Cris  Search this
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Verdecia, Carlos, 1955-  Search this
Wojnarowicz, David  Search this
Extent:
6.42 Linear feet
12.79 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1957-2016
Summary:
The papers of Miami painters Demi and Arturo Rodríguez measure 6.42 linear feet and 12.79 GB and date from 1957 to 2016. The collection documents Arturo Rodríguez's career, travels, and childhood as well as the artwork of Demi, Rodriquez's wife and partner, and their relationship. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, project and exhibition files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork, and photographic materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Miami painters Demi and Arturo Rodríguez measure 6.42 linear feet and 12.79 GB and date from 1957 to 2016. The collection documents Arturo Rodríguez's career, travels, and childhood as well as the artwork of Demi, Rodriquez's wife and partner, and their relationship. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, project and exhibition files, personal business records, printed and digital material, artwork, and photographic materials.

Personal and professional correspondence is with artists, curators, galleries, museums, art historians, and collectors, including Shifra M. Goldman, Cris Hassold, Helen L. Kohen, collectors Judith and Bill Ladner, Minuca Villaverde, and others. Interviews include video and sound recordings of Demi and Arturo discussing lives and artwork, as well as one interview with Carlos Verdecia Jr. about Arturo. Writings include statements on artwork and autobiographical essays, lectures and talks, and notes. Project files concern the exhibitions The Rage of Children (1991), Walls & Murals: Mike Glier, Arturo Rodríguez & David Wojnarowitz, and Far from Cuba. Other documentation includes a project overview for the Joan Mitchell Foundation, artwork for music album covers, and plans for a retrospective of Demi and Arturo's work that was cancelled due to lack of support.

Personal business records consist of files for donations, financial investments, gallery consignments, receipts, sales lists, and collector information. Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, journal and magazines, posters, programs, and several children's books illustrated by Arturo using the pseudonym Hieronimus Fromm. Artwork includes drawings and comics by Arturo, collages, drawings and sketches, and 30 sketchbooks belonging to Demi and Arturo. Photographic materials depict Demi and Arturo together and with others, Demi and Arturo's home and studio, exhibitions, still lives, travel, and works of art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as nine series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1957-2013 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1978-2015 (Box 1; 0.8 linear feet, ER01; 0.023 GB)

Series 3: Interviews, 1991-2010 (Boxes 1-2; 0.5 linear feet, ER02-ER07; 6.01 GB)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1975-2015 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet, ER08; 0.012 GB)

Series 5: Project and Exhibition Files, 1986-2015 (Box 2; 0.8 linear feet, ER09-ER11; 0.607 GB)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1988-2012 (Boxes 2-3; 0.4 linear feet; ER12; 0.007 GB)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1979-2016 (Boxes 3-4, 7, OV 8; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1963-2016 (Boxes 4-5, 7, OV 8; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographic Material, 1977-2012 (Boxes 5-7; 1.5 linear feet, ER13-ER29; 6.13 GB)
Biographical / Historical:
Demi (1955- ) and Arturo Rodríguez (1956- ) are painters in Miami, Florida.

Demi was born in Camagüey, Cuba. In 1961, her father was executed by the Cuban government. Demi's mother struggled to take care of Demi and her sisters alone and Demi was sent to live with relatives in Puerto Rico in 1962. She came to the U.S. in 1971 where she was able to join her sisters and mother. Eventually Demi settled in Miami in 1978. She attended Miami-Dade College where she studied drama with the Prometeo Theater Group. In 1980, she met Arturo at one of his exhibitions. They married in 1984. Demi worked as a bookkeeper before she knew she could draw and paint. Her first attempts at creating art were in 1984 using a wedding photograph of herself and Arturo as her subject. Her first exhibition was in 1987 at the Cuban Museum in Miami. As she developed as an artist, children became the prime subjects in Demi's paintings. She was the recipient of the Florida State Visual Artist Grant for 1992 to 1993.

Arturo Rodríguez was born in Ranchuelo, Cuba, and showed an interest in art as a small child. Arturo and his family were exiled to Spain in 1971. While in Spain, his visits to see the paintings of Goya and Velázquez at the Prado Museum helped solidify his interest in art. Rodríguez settled in Miami with his family in 1973 where he eventually attended Miami Dade College. Arturo's works are often influenced by his relationship with Demi. In 1995, he created a series of collages using images of Demi as a way to deal with her cancer diagnosis. He has been the recipient of numerous awards including the prestigious Cintas Foundation Fellowship, Florida Arts Council Fellowships, and a Joan Mitchell Foundation grant.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Demi conducted on November 20, 1997 and an oral history interview with Arturo Rodríguez conducted on November 14, 1997 at Demi and Arturo's home/studio in Miami, F.L. by Juan A. Martínez for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Demi and Arturo Rodríguez in increments from 1997 to 2016.
Restrictions:
One folder of samples of payments for sales is ACCESS RESTRICTED; use requires written permission. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and born-digital records with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
Authorization to reproduce a photograph of Demi by Ramon Guerrero for the purposes of publication requires written permission from Demi.
Occupation:
Painters -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers, circa 1957-2016. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rodrartu
See more items in:
Demi and Arturo Rodríguez papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rodrartu

Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia

Creator:
McLaughlin, Harris M.  Search this
Photographer:
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Names:
Chapman, H  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974  Search this
Extent:
12 mounted prints (albumen)
370 Prints (circa, silver gelatin (including photographic postcards))
1 Print (collotype)
5 negative rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
2 positive rolls (nitrate, 35 mm)
8 Prints (photogravure)
12 Postcards (color halftone, halftone, and color collotype)
2 color prints
1 panoramic print (color halftone)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Cubans  Search this
Aztecs  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Prints
Negative rolls
Positive rolls
Postcards
Color prints
Panoramic print
Photographs
Place:
Guatemala
Cuba
Japan
Puerto Rico
Havana (Cuba)
Texas
Mexico
Honduras
San Antonio (Tex.)
China
Panama
Dominican Republic
Mérida (Mexico)
Chichén Itzá Site (Mexico)
Date:
circa 1898-1941
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by Harris M. McLaughlin during his travels in the American southwest and other parts of North and South America, as well as Asia and Europe. Photographs made in Texas include images of the 1928 American Legion National Convention, the dirigible "Los Angeles" floating over San Antonio, the first train in Rio Grande City, cowboys and ranchers, missions, and city and scenic views. McLaughlin also took photographs at the Grand Canyon, Canyon del Muerto, Bryce Canyon, and Zion National Park, and collected Frashers Foto postcards with photographs of Apache Indians, Navajo Indians, a Papago dwelling, a Pueblo potterymaker, and a Hopi Snake Dance. Photographs from Guatemala include images of villages and cities (including Antigua and Zacapa), as well as a harvest ceremony in Chichicastenango. McLaughlin also took photographs during a trip to Monterey, Mexico, which include images of towns and scenic views. Additional photographs depict flood damage in Aurora, Indiana; city views and scenery of Merida, Mexico; Chichen Itza; a banana plantation in Honduras; and wartime China and Europe.

Photographs of Cuba in 1898, probably not made by McLaughlin, include images of the USS Maine wreck, and funeral services for the sailors of the ship and residents of Havana. The collection also contains photographs of trees and a dwelling in Honduras made by H. E. Chapman in 1933, photographs of people and scenery in Sumatra made by J. H. Zimmermann, and commercial photographs of archeological collections at the Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Historia y Etnografia in Mexico. There are also images of scenery and architecture in Japan, Panama and the Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Belgium, England, and other places in Europe. Depicted individuals include Charles A. Lindbergh, as well as McLaughlin and his family.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2000-04
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Frashers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2000-04, Harris M. McLaughlin photographs of the Americas and Asia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2000-04
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2000-04

Machito: A Latin Jazz Legacy

Title:
16mm motion picture film of Machito: A Latin Jazz Legacy
Created by:
Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican American, 1947 - 2008  Search this
Subject of:
Machito, Cuban American, 1908 - 1984  Search this
Tito Puente, American, 1923 - 2000  Search this
Ray Barretto, American, 1929 - 2006  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie, American, 1917 - 1993  Search this
Dexter Gordon, American, 1923 - 1990  Search this
Medium:
polyester film
Dimensions:
Duration (Reel 1): 24 Minutes
Length (Film): 850 Feet
Duration (Reel 2): 28 Minutes
Length (Film): 1000 Feet
Type:
motion pictures (information artifacts)
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, New York, North and Central America
Date:
1987
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
Film  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Musical films  Search this
Salsa (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2017.55.67.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Icarus Films, ©1987. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
DC Public Library Film Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58c746c65-fca6-4707-b69c-8f0265e83960
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.55.67.1ab

Photographic postcard of the Cuban Knights Social Club

Printed by:
Orcajo Photo Art, American  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Cuban Knights Social Club  Search this
St. Louis Crackerjacks, American, 1938  Search this
West End Hall, American  Search this
Harold Green  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 7/16 × 5 7/16 in. (8.7 × 13.8 cm)
Type:
portraits
photographic postcards
Place depicted:
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
1937
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ac071f30-cd6a-4fd8-ac73-ef42f123b29a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.13
Online Media:

Photograph of Princess Orelia and Pedro with the "Cuban Congo Dancers"

Photograph by:
James J. Kriegsmann, 1909 - 1994  Search this
Subject of:
Princess Orelia Benskina, Panamanian American, 1911 - 2002  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Owned by:
Laura Cathrell, 1914 - 1999  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 7 1/2 × 9 5/16 in. (19 × 23.6 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 1/8 × 10 in. (20.6 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1938
Topic:
African American  Search this
Dance  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Music  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Stereotypes  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.30
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e508ac7e-88ff-4890-9743-e5bd0387a6bd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.30
Online Media:

Hank Thompson, Suitcase Simpson, Larry Doby, Roy Campanella, George Crowe, Monte Irvin, New York Cubans.

Created by:
Dr. Ernest C. Withers, American, 1922 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Hank Thompson, American, 1925 - 1969  Search this
Harry Simpson, American, 1925 - 1979  Search this
Larry Doby, American, 1923 - 2003  Search this
Roy Campanella, American, 1921 - 1993  Search this
George Crowe, American, 1921 - 2011  Search this
Monte Irvin, born 1919  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
New York Cubans, American, 1935 - 1950  Search this
Los Angeles Dodgers, American, founded 1883  Search this
San Francisco Giants, American, founded 1958  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 x 13 15/16 in. (27.9 x 35.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Memphis, Shelby County, Tennessee, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1952
Topic:
African American  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Photography  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.16.13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Ernest C. Withers Trust
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd540c2106d-bdae-4ecb-8095-0393c3116e83
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.16.13
Online Media:

Photograph of a female dancer in costume performing on stage

Photograph by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
José Curbelo, Cuban American, 1917 - 2012  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 7 15/16 × 9 13/16 in. (20.1 × 24.9 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 1/8 × 10 in. (20.7 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Date:
1942-1959
Topic:
African American  Search this
Dance  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Theatre  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.138
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd507e5de08-5c23-46de-9879-d522e23d20b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.138
Online Media:

The story behind the photograph: Gay Dads Kissing, 1983

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 00:42:19 +0000
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more posts:
Blog Feed
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_dfaf4738a427e9d565705b958d66f054

Alice Neel papers

Creator:
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Notes
Date:
1933-1983
Summary:
The papers of New York painter Alice Neel measure 1.0 linear foot and date from 1933 to 1983. The bulk of the collection documents the last fifteen years of Neel's career as an artist. Found within the papers are letters from galleries, museums, and art organizations; writings and notes by Neel; exhibition catalogs, clippings, and other printed material; and photographs depicting Neel, exhibitions, and her artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York painter Alice Neel measure 1.0 linear foot and date from 1933 to 1983. The bulk of the collection documents the last fifteen years of Neel's career as an artist. Found within the papers are letters from galleries, museums, and art organizations; writings and notes by Neel; exhibition catalogs, clippings, and other printed material; and photographs depicting Neel, exhibitions, and her artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as # series:

Series 1: Letters, circa 1968-1983 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, circa 1960-1979 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1933-1983 (Box 1; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Photographs, 1940-1983 (Box 1; 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Alice Neel (1900-1984) was a painter in New York, NY. She was known for her portraits of New York artists and intellectuals. Neel studied painting at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women (now the Moore College of Art and Design) from 1921-1925. She married Cuban artist Carlos Enríquez, and they briefly lived in Havana, Cuba. After the break-up of their marriage, she settled in New York City. During the 1930s she worked for the Public Works of Art Project and the Works Progress Administration, painting scenes of urban poverty and developing her distinctive portrait style. She pursued a career as a figurative painter during a period when abstraction was favored, and she did not begin to gain critical praise for her work until the 1960s. Neel received an honorary doctorate from the Moore College of Art and Design in 1971 and a retrospective of her work was held at the Whitney Museum in 1974. During the last decade of her life she finally received extensive national recoginition for her paintings. Neel was also a notable public speaker and often spoke on the topic of women artists.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are printed material on Romare Bearden, Alice Neel, and Howard Newman, 1975-1990, compiled by Dennis Florio, and a videorecording of "Art and Alice Neel," 1975, recorded as part of University of Georgia Television station WGTV's "Forum" program.
Provenance:
The collection was donated from 1974 to 1983 by Alice Neel.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Alice Neel papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Women artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Notes
Citation:
Alice Neel papers, 1933-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.neelalic
See more items in:
Alice Neel papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neelalic
Online Media:

Carlos A. Maciá papers

Creator:
Macia, Carlos A., 1951-1994  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Interviews
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1960-1996
Summary:
The papers of Cuban American painter Carlos A. Maciá measure 1.8 linear feet and date from circa 1960 to 1996. The collection is comprised of biographical materials that includes a video recording of an interview with Maciá conducted by Josh Greenman; correspondence; personal business records; printed materials; artwork that includes paintings, drawings and prints; and photographs, slides, and negatives depicting Maciá, works of art, friends and family, and still lifes photographed by Maciá.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cuban American painter Carlos A. Maciá measure 1.8 linear feet and date from circa 1960 to 1996. The collection is comprised of biographical materials that includes a video recording of an interview with Maciá conducted by Josh Greenman; correspondence; personal business records; printed materials; artwork that includes paintings, drawings and prints; and photographs, slides, and negatives depicting Maciá, works of art, friends and family, and still lifes photographed by Maciá.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as six series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1972-1994 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1981-1996 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1977-1996 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Materials, circa 1971-1996 (Box 1, OV 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1970-circa 1989 (Box 1, OVs 3-4, 6-8; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographic Materials, circa 1960-circa 1989 (Box 1-2, OV 5; 0.7 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Carlos A. Maciá (1951-1994) was a painter in Miami, Florida and Barcelona, Spain.

Maciá was born in Havana, Cuba and immigrated to the U.S. at age 11. He attended Miami Springs Senior High School before studying to become a monk at the Convento de Franciscanos in Spain in 1970. He left the convent after a year and went on to study art at the San Fernando Academy in Madrid. In 1972 he returned to Miami to attend Miami Dade Community College. He continued his studies at Barry College where he received a bachelor's degree in theology and philosophy in 1977. In 1983 he received a master's degree in theology. Maciá's interest in theology was a frequent theme in his artwork.

Early in his career Maciá worked with collages and etchings. In 1987, he moved to Barcelona to make a series of handmade books and boxes. He is also known for creating building facades and large-scale works. When in Miami, Maciá worked in the bedroom of his parents' house in Hialeah.

Maciá was awarded the Florida Arts Council Fellowship in 1982 and in 1984 the prestigious Cintas Fellowship. He exhibited his work internationally and has works in permanent museum collections in Boston, Barcelona, and Paris. Maciá died in 1994.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1997 by Celinda Maciá, Carlos A. Maciá's mother.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Occupation:
Painters -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Painters -- Spain -- Barcelona  Search this
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Video recordings
Citation:
Carlos A. Maciá Papers, circa 1960-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.macicarl
See more items in:
Carlos A. Maciá papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macicarl

Cuban Hillside

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910  Search this
Medium:
Graphite, chalk, brush and gouache on wove paper, mounted on cold-pressed paper
Type:
landscapes
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Place depicted:
Cuba
Made in:
USA
Date:
1885
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1912-12-93
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4da7df892-46b5-428e-b2b6-e246ebdc34cb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1912-12-93
Online Media:

Photograph of Joe Louis and William Rowe

Created by:
Associated Press, American, founded 1846  Search this
Subject of:
Joe Louis, American, 1914 - 1981  Search this
William Leon Rowe, American, 1915 - 1997  Search this
Medium:
toner on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 1/8 x 10 in. (20.6 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
photomechanical prints
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
June 5, 1961
Topic:
African American  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Boxing  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.79
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1961 Associated Press. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51e23c2b9-2c3b-4cf5-bd2c-db32b46137f9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.17.79
Online Media:

Alice Neel papers, 1933-1983

Creator:
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Notes
Topic:
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Women artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7576
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209737
AAA_collcode_neelalic
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209737
Online Media:

Carlos A. Maciá papers, circa 1960-1996

Creator:
Macia, Carlos A., 1951-1994  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
Cuban American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5497
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216019
AAA_collcode_macicarl
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216019
Online Media:

Andres Serrano papers

Creator:
Serrano, Andres, 1950-  Search this
Names:
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1986-2013
Summary:
The papers of photographer Andres Serrano measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1986 to 2013. The collection documents Serrano's work as a photographer through correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, and printed materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of photographer Andres Serrano measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1986 to 2013. The collection documents Serrano's work as a photographer through correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, and printed materials.

Correspondence is primarily professional and concerns photography projects, exhibitions, and events. Writings include artist statements and student papers by Serrano, manuscripts by Lucy R. Lippard and others, and interview transcripts. Professional files for various photography projects, including color photographs of portrait subjects, grant applications, and documentation for charities, travel, and exhibitions. Personal business records documenting Serrano's business dealings with galleries, legal issues, and documentation of artwork sales and consignments. Printed materials, including clippings, announcements, and periodicals document Serrano's career and issues such as free speech.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1987-2013 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings, circa 1990-2008 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Professional Files, 1987-2008 (Box 1-2; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1986-2012 (Box 2-4; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1987-2008 (Box 4; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Andres Serrano (1950- ) is a photographer in New York, New York.

Serrano was born in New York City to Honduran and Afro-Cuban parents. He attended the Brooklyn Museum Art School from 1967 to 1969. In the late 1980s, he gained notoriety because of the controversy surrounding Piss Christ, a photograph depicting a crucifix submerged in Serrano's urine. The photograph was part of an exhibition, partially funded by the National Endowment for the Arts, at the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art. Along with Robert Mapplethorpe and other artists, Serrano became the target of conservative politicians who viewed the photograph as blasphemous resulting in pressure on the National Endowment for the Arts to stop using government money to fund artists deemed as offensive. Serrano's continued exploration of provocative subjects such as the Ku Klux Klan, the deceased, and human sexuality keeps him at the center of debates focused on the freedom of speech in art.

Serrano married artist Julie Ault in 1980. They separated in 1990 and divorced in 2005. He is now married to Irina Movmyga.
Related Materials:
Also at the Archives of American Art is an interview of Andres Serrano conducted by Frank H. Goodyear from July 29 to July 30, 2009 at Serrano's home in New York, N.Y. for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Andres Serrano in 2015.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Citation:
Andres Serrano papers, 1986-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.serrandr
See more items in:
Andres Serrano papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-serrandr

Joseph Theodore Dickman

Associated person:
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Maker:
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Physical Description:
oil (overall production method/technique)
illustration board (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 24 11/16 in x 18 1/2 in; 62.70625 cm x 46.99 cm
Object Name:
Painting
Place Made:
Germany: Rhineland Palatinate, Bitburg
Date made:
1918
Associated date:
1917 - 1918
Subject:
Distinguished Service Medal  Search this
ID Number:
AF.58085M
Catalog number:
58085M
Accession number:
203612
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-862d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_447637

LeRoy Eltinge

Associated person:
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Maker:
Chase, Joseph Cummings  Search this
Physical Description:
oil (overall production method/technique)
illustration board (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 24 11/16 in x 18 5/8 in; 62.70625 cm x 47.3075 cm
Object Name:
Painting
Date made:
1918-12
Associated date:
1917 - 1918
Subject:
Distinguished Service Medal  Search this
ID Number:
AF.58083M
Catalog number:
58083M
Accession number:
203612
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-da3e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_447640

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