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Eldzier Cortor Papers

Creator:
Cortor, Eldzier, 1916-  Search this
Names:
Anderson Gallery  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago -- Students  Search this
Kenkeleba House  Search this
Sylvan Cole Gallery  Search this
Anderson, Carol  Search this
Carracio, K.  Search this
Collier, Leontine L.  Search this
Driskell, David C.  Search this
Harrigan, Violetta C., 1941-  Search this
Lynch, Acklyn  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Taha, Halima  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Collages
Diaries
Watercolors
Place:
Haiti -- description and travel
Date:
circa 1930s-2015
bulk 1972-2015
Summary:
The papers of painter and printmaker Eldzier Cortor measure 3.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 2015, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1972 to 2015. The papers contain biographical material, correspondence, professional files, exhibition and gallery files, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and printmaker Eldzier Cortor measure 3.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 2015, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1972 to 2015. The papers contain biographical material, correspondence, professional files, exhibition and gallery files, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.

Biographical material consists of awards certificates; Cortor's artist biography; an obituary and prayer cards for his father in law; an address book; and a Christmas list.

Correspondence includes letters from Cortor's family; correspondence with or about individuals or organizations; and general correspondence. Individuals included in the general correspondence are Acklyn Lynch, Leontine Collier, Violetta Harrigan, Halima Taha, David C. Driskell, Carol Anderson, and Betye Saar. Art institutions represented in this series include Sylvan Cole Gallery, Anderson Gallery, and Kenkeleba House.

Professional files include materials related to the Cosby Collection of Fine Arts; publishing; materials related to fake Cortor works; the Public School Mural Project; teaching files; lists of possible titles for paintings; financial documents; materials related to painting and etching plates for storage; and notes of museum and gallery contacts.

Exhibition and gallery files include correspondence; contracts and agreements; exhibition announcements; inventories; other exhibition materials; clippings; press releases; photographs and photocopied images of artwork; and photographs of exhibitions.

Writings consist primarily of essays and articles about Eldzier Cortor. Also included are his answers to a questionnaire about art, a diary, and notes, as well as hand-copied excerpts of reviews.

Printed material includes exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, newsletters, clippings, research and source material, and books.

Artwork includes ink and watercolor sketches from Cortor's time as a student at the Art Institute of Chicago. This series also includes additional sketches, sketchbooks, and a collage by K. Carracio.

Photographs depict Cortor, other individuals, his artwork, and exhibitions. There are also photographs from his time in Cuba and Haiti (circa 1950s).
Arrangement:
The Eldzier Cortor papers are organized into 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1947-2012 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1970-2015 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Professional Files, 1960, 1972-2015 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 4: Exhibition and Gallery Files, 1972-2015 (Boxes 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings, circa 1970s-2006 (Box 2; 8 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1940-1976, 1996-2015 (Boxes 2-3; 0.8 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1930s, circa 1970s-circa 1990s (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1939-2002, 2014 (Box 3; 0.5 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Eldzier Cortor (1916-2015) spent his professional career as a painter and printmaker in Chicago and New York. He was born in Richmond Virginia to John and Ophelia Cortor. In 1917, the family moved to Chicago along with countless other African Americans as part of the Great Migration.

In 1936, Cortor began taking evening classes at the Art Institute of Chicago prior to enrolling full time. Kathleen Blackshear, an instructor at the Institute, recommended Cortor for employment at the Works Projects Administration in 1940. It was under Blackshear's guidance that Cortor was introduced to African Art. The depiction of African Americans became the defining subject of Cortor's career, specifically the portrayal of the African American woman, which he commonly represented nude in paintings and prints.

In 1941, with funding by the Works Projects Administration, Cortor helped found the South Side Community Arts Center in Chicago. Over the next few years he would receive two Rosenwald Fellowships, which allowed him to travel to the Sea Islands of Georgia. Afterward, Cortor moved to New York, and in 1946 Life magazine published his work Southern Gate. In 1949 he received a Guggenheim fellowship, which provided the opportunity to travel to Cuba, Jamaica, and Haiti. He settled in Port-au-Prince, where he taught for two years.

Cortor married Sophia Schmidt on August 20, 1951, and they subsequently had four children: Michael, Mercedes, Stephen, and Miriam. His work has been exhibited at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Studio Museum of Harlem, and the National Center of Afro-American Artists in Boston. Notable exhibitions include Three Masters: Eldzier Cortor, Hughie Lee-Smith, and Archibald John Motley, Jr. at Kenkeleba House in 1988; Southern Gate: African American Paintings from the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution at Duke University Museum of Art, 1999; Eldzier Cortor: Master Printmaker at the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, 2002; and Black Spirit: Works on Paper by Eldzier Cortor at the Indiana Art Museum, 2006.

Eldzier Cortor died in November of 2015, at the age of 99.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of materials lent for microfilming on reel N70-47, including biographical material, correspondence, printed material, papers related to exhibitions, photographs, and sketchbooks. Except for three photographs that appear in this collection (Box 3, Folder 19), loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Eldzier Cortor loaned materials to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1970 and donated papers in 2009. His son, Michael Cortor, gave additional materials in 2016.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Eldzier Cortor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Forgeries  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Cuba -- Description and Travel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Collages
Diaries
Watercolors
Citation:
Eldzier Cortor papers, circa 1930s-2015, bulk 1972-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.corteldz
See more items in:
Eldzier Cortor Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-corteldz

Pinback button for the U.S.-Cuba Friendshipment Committee

Distributed by:
Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization, American, founded 1992  Search this
Created by:
Donnelly/Colt Progressive Resources, American, founded 1975  Search this
Owned by:
Sarah Elizabeth Wright, American, 1928 - 2009  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) with metal on plastic
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 in. (5.7 x 5.7 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Place depicted:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place made:
Hampton, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Date:
after 1992
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Humanitarianism  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Justice  Search this
Law  Search this
Politics  Search this
Travel  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Family of Sarah Elizabeth Wright
Object number:
2010.61.48
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd55e66483f-664f-4392-b465-5f617facf422
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.61.48

La República de Cuba breve reseña para la exposicion universal de St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. : publicacion especial de la Secretaría de agricultura, industria y comercio, á cargo interinamente del secretario de obras públicas, Manuel Luciano Díaz

Title:
Republic of Cuba : a brief sketch compiled for distribution at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Saint Louis, Mo., U.S.A
Author:
Cuba Secretaría de Agricultura, Industria y Comercio  Search this
Subject:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Physical description:
158 pages 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1904
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
T860.L1 C83 1904
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1024379

Atlas de Cuba, por Gerardo Canet con la colaboración de Erwin Raisz

Author:
Canet Alvarez, Gerardo A. 1911-  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. col. illus., col. maps. 34 cm
Type:
Books
Maps
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1949
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
G1605 .C36 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_253974

A gazetteer of Cuba / by Henry Gannett

Author:
Gannett, Henry 1846-1914  Search this
Physical description:
113 p., 7 leaves of plates (1 folded) : col. maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Gazetteers
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1902
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F1765 .G19 1902
F1765.G19 1902
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_368483

Oral history interview with Howard Ben Tré, 2007 July 7

Interviewee:
Ben Tré, Howard, 1949-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Shea, Josephine, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Aycock, Alice  Search this
Brychtová, Jaroslava  Search this
Chihuly, Dale  Search this
Dailey, Dan  Search this
Hampson, Ferdinand  Search this
Labino, Dominick  Search this
LaMonte, Karen  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav  Search this
Littleton, Harvey K.  Search this
Onorato, Ronald J.  Search this
Parker, Anthony  Search this
Polander, Steve  Search this
Scanga, Italo  Search this
Appalachian Center for Craft  Search this
Brooklyn College  Search this
Brooklyn Technical High School (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cristallerie Daum  Search this
Hadler/Rodriguez Gallery  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts  Search this
Missouri Valley College  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Pilchuck School  Search this
Portland State University  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design  Search this
Venceremos Brigade  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Cuba -- Description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Topic:
Art commissions  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass art -- Technique  Search this
Peace movements  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13647
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)272881
AAA_collcode_bentre07
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_272881
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Howard Ben Tré

Interviewee:
Ben Tré, Howard, 1949-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Shea, Josephine, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Appalachian Center for Craft  Search this
Brooklyn College -- Students  Search this
Brooklyn Technical High School (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cristallerie Daum  Search this
Hadler/Rodriguez Gallery  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts -- Faculty  Search this
Missouri Valley College -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Pilchuck School  Search this
Portland State University -- Students  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design -- Students  Search this
Venceremos Brigade  Search this
Aycock, Alice  Search this
Brychtová, Jaroslava, 1924-  Search this
Chihuly, Dale, 1941-  Search this
Dailey, Dan, 1947-  Search this
Hampson, Ferdinand  Search this
LaMonte, Karen, 1967-  Search this
Labino, Dominick  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav, 1921-2002  Search this
Littleton, Harvey K.  Search this
Onorato, Ronald J.  Search this
Parker, Anthony  Search this
Polander, Steve  Search this
Scanga, Italo, 1932-2001  Search this
Extent:
63 Pages (Transcript)
3 Sound discs (Sound recording (4 hr., 3 min.), digital, 2 5/8 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound discs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Cuba -- Description and Travel
Europe -- description and travel
Date:
2007 July 7
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Howard Ben Tré conducted 2007 July 7, by Josephine Shea, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at the artist's studio, in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
Ben Tré speaks of his childhood in Rockaway Park, New York; his Polish immigrant father who was a woodworker and artist; inheriting a particular aesthetic and sense of hard work from his father; attending Brooklyn Technical High School to play football but not graduating; moving to Marshall, Missouri to attend Missouri Valley College for one year; attending Brooklyn College; becoming involved in Students for a Democratic Society, the antiwar movement and civil rights movement of the 1960s; traveling to Cuba as part of the first Venceremos Brigade to cut sugarcane in 1969; meeting his first wife, Gay, in Cuba and returning to New York with her; organizing a food co-op and community events in Brooklyn; moving to Portland, Oregon; working in construction for the city before going back to school to study veterinarian medicine at Portland State University; discovering the glass studio in a garage at Portland State; meeting Dale Chihuly and working at Pilchuck Glass School; utilizing the foundry skills learned from Brooklyn Technical High to work with glass in casting and cope and drag methods; his series Burial Boxes and the influence of ancient architecture and ceremonial Chinese bronzes; the rise of the studio glass movement as symptomatic of socio-political-economic times, not just the pioneering efforts of Harvey Littleton and Dominic Labino; traveling throughout Europe with Gay; visiting Stanislav Libenský and Jaraslava Brychtová in Czechoslovakia; visiting Dan Dailey at Cristallerie Daum in France; attending Rhode Island School of Design [RISD]; his first show at Hadler/Rodriguez Gallery in 1980; teaching experiences at Haystack Mountain School of Craft and Appalachian Center for Craft; building and installing an oven at Blenko Glass in Milton, West Virginia and at Super Glass in Brooklyn; working with Mold Melted Glass Studio in Pelechov, Czech Republic; the history of glass and early glass-working techniques; his many commissions, including sited public projects such as Post Office Square in Boston; the adoption of his name, Ben Tré; return visits to Cuba; working with RISD to create a winter study session in Havana; and his view of artists as artists, not defined by medium. Ben Tré also recalls Anthony Parker, Italo Scanga, Ron Onorato, Alice Aycock, Ferdinand Hampson, Steven Polander, Karen LaMonte, among others.
Biographical / Historical:
Howard Ben Tré (1949- 2020) was a glass artist from Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Josephine Shea is a curator from Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan.
General:
Originally recorded 3 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 3 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Glass artists  Search this
Topic:
Art commissions  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass art -- Technique  Search this
Peace movements  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.bentre07
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bentre07

Eldzier Cortor Papers, circa 1930s-2015, bulk 1972-2015

Creator:
Cortor, Eldzier, 1916-2015  Search this
Subject:
Taha, Halima  Search this
Harrigan, Violetta C.  Search this
Driskell, David C.  Search this
Lynch, Acklyn  Search this
Collier, Leontine L.  Search this
Anderson, Carol  Search this
Carracio, K.  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Sylvan Cole Gallery  Search this
Kenkeleba House  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Anderson Gallery  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Collages
Diaries
Watercolors
Place:
Haiti -- description and travel
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Forgeries  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Cuba -- Description and Travel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7524
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209683
AAA_collcode_corteldz
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
African American
Lives of American Artists
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209683
Online Media:

Jerome Blum papers, 1915-circa 1969, bulk 1919-1935

Creator:
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Subject:
Blum, Frances  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore  Search this
Anderson, Sherwood  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Tahiti -- description and travel
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9565
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211766
AAA_collcode_blumjero
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211766
Online Media:

Album del Ferrocarril Mexicano : colección de vistas = Album of the Mexican Railway : a collection of views / pintadas del natural por Casimiro Castro ; y ejecutadas en cromo-litografía por A. Sigogne, C. Castro, etc. ; con una descripción del camino y de las regiones que recorre, por Antonio García Cubas

Author:
García Cubas, Antonio 1832-1912  Search this
Castro, Casimiro  Search this
Subject:
Ferrocarril Mexicano  Search this
Physical description:
112 p., [3] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 35 x 47 cm
Type:
Books
In art
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1977
1877
[c1977]
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F1215 .G25 1977X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_121401

The island of Cuba by Alexander Humboldt ; translated from the Spanish, with notes and a preliminary essay, by J.S. Thrasher

Title:
Humboldt's Cuba
Humboldt's Island of Cuba
Author:
Humboldt, Alexander von 1769-1859  Search this
Contributor:
Thrasher, J. S (John Sidney) 1817-1879  Search this
Former owner:
Tracy, E. H. DSI  Search this
Physical description:
xii, [1], 14-397 pages, [1] folded leaf of plates map 19 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Publishers' advertisements
Place:
Cuba
New York (State)
New York
Ohio
Cincinnati
Date:
1856
Topic:
Slavery  Search this
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Call number:
F1763 .H9313 1856
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1001975

Jerome Blum papers

Creator:
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Names:
Anderson, Sherwood, 1876-1941  Search this
Blum, Frances, -1970  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Tahiti -- Description and Travel
Date:
1915-circa 1969
bulk 1919-1935
Summary:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.

Correspondence with friends, relatives, colleagues, publishers, galleries, museums, and collectors document Blum's personal and professional life. Noted correspondents include Sherwood Anderson and Theodore Dreiser.

Blum was an avid writer. He published several short stories, and recorded reminiscences, thoughts, and daily events in a series of notebooks. These notes were the basis for Life Answered, an unpublished autobiography (eventually, edited and completed by Frances Blum). Also included are extensive notes and writings on a variety of subjects, including his extensive travels to Tahiti. Writings by other authors consist of critical statements about Jerome Blum and some of Frances Blum's writings on Theodore Dreiser.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1915-1933 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1915-1966 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1915-circa 1969 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1916-1965 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1920-1930 (2 folders; Box 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1915-1945 (6 folders; Box 3)
Biographical Note:
Jerome Blum (1884-1956) was a world traveler who found artistic inspiration while living in France and traveling to the American west, Hawaii, Japan, China, Cuba, and the South Seas (including a 10 month stay in Tahiti). Blum painted landscapes and seascapes of Southern France, and the many places he visited, as well as still lifes of exotic plants and fruits. He was living in Paris at the height of the Fauve movement and incorporated some of its ideas into his work, first inserting bold colors into his fairly conservative Post-Impressionist style. Later, he used significantly more saturated color, intense light, and bold forms.

Blum studied at the Francis J. Smith Art Academy in his native Chicago, and the Art Institute of Chicago. He went to Paris in 1906 with Lucile Swan, a sculptor and fellow student who eventually became his wife. There, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for a brief period, studying with Luc Olivier Merson. Blum remained in Paris until 1910, participated in the 1909 and 1910 Salons d'Automne and received exhibition offers from Galerie Sagot, Paris, and Anderson Galleries, New York. While in France, Blum knew expatriates Jo Davidson, Arthur Dove, Samuel Halpert, Alfred Maurer, and John Marin. Halpert became a mentor of sorts, instructing him in painting Post-Impressionist landscapes, to which Blum soon added Fauvist color.

Once back in Chicago, Blum developed close friendships with writers Sherwood Anderson, Theodore Dreiser, and Ben Hecht that lasted for decades. His one-man show at Thurber's Art Gallery in 1911 received very mixed reviews--most likely it was the first time the Fauve palette was seen by Chicagoans, and most thought it too radical. When the mayor purchased a Blum painting from a 1912 Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition, the proceeds enabled Blum to visit the American west. Later that year, Blum and Lucile Swan traveled in Europe. They were married in Paris and took an extended honeymoon, continuing to travel in France until the fall of the following year.

For a period of approximately 20 years, he exhibited extensively and enjoyed critical acclaim. During his many years of foreign residence, Blum returned to the United States periodically for exhibitions and family visits. He participated in a large number of solo exhibitions and group shows in the United States and France, including: Art Institute of Chicago, Arts Club of Chicago, O'Brien Galleries, and Albert Roullier Art Galleries in Chicago; Ainslie Galleries, Brooklyn Museum, Delphic Studios, Katz Gallery, M. Knoedler and Co., Whitney Museum of American Art, and Whitney Studio Club in New York; Worcester Art Museum and Boston Art Club in Massachusetts; Montlcair Art Museum in New Jersey; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia; and Galerie de la Renaissance in Paris. Blum is represented in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Blum returned to New York in 1924 and Lucile filed for divorce. An auction of his work was held at the Anderson Galleries that year; Augustus John, George Biddle, Chester Dale, M. Knoedler, Kraushaar Galleries, and Jo Davidson were among the successful bidders.

In 1925, he married Frances Baum, a psychiatric social worker. They settled in Dampierre, France for eight years, and during this period traveled extensively throughout the country. Always an unconventional and fiercely independent person, Blum's mental health was fragile and deteriorated markedly in the early 1930s, during which time his painting output decreased dramatically. The Blums spent part of 1934 at the MacDowell Colony in Petersborough, New Hampshire. Once his fellowship was over, they moved to Key West, Florida, where Blum became increasingly disturbed.

Blum was admitted to the Bloomingdale Hospital, a private psychiatric institution in White Plains, New York, in 1935. But after being diagnosed a "hopeless case," he was transferred to a state hospital. While hospitalized, Blum continued writing copious notes and made many appeals for release. He died at the Hudson River State Hospital, Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1956.
Separated Material:
Originals of loaned material, including typescripts of Sherwood Anderson's letters, most of Blum's Theodore Dreiser material, travel in China, scrapbooks, and drafts of portions of Life Answered - "Father and Mother," "Journal of the Last 20 Years," "Lucile," and "Marriage and Divorce" - were returned to Frances Blum after microfilming. Although this material is not technically part of the collection housed in the Archives of American Art, copies are available on microfilm reels D237 and D238.
Provenance:
The majority of the papers were donated or loaned for microfilming between 1965 and 1966 by Blum's widow, Frances Blum. A typescript copy of the final version of Life Answered was received in 1969.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Jerome Blum papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Expatriate painters -- United States  Search this
Authors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jerome Blum papers, 1915-circa 1969, bulk 1919-1935. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blumjero
See more items in:
Jerome Blum papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blumjero
Online Media:

Travels in North America during the years 1834, 1835 & 1836 including a summer residence with the Pawnee Tribe of Indians, in the remote prairies of the Missouri, and a visit to Cuba and the Azore Islands by Charles Augustus Murray

Title:
Murray's Travels in North America
Author:
Murray, Charles Augustus Sir 1806-1895  Search this
Former owner:
Wedel, Mildred Mott DSI  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R (Waldo Rudolph) 1908-1996 DSI  Search this
Subject:
Murray, Charles Augustus Sir 1806-1895 Travel  Search this
Physical description:
2 volume 20 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
North America
Azores
Cuba
United States
Date:
1839
1815-1861
Topic:
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E165 .M98X 1839
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_979665

Smithsonian’s Folklife Festival Moves into Your Living Room

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 25 Jun 2020 19:08:45 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_efa11848bbb8753040d46cc71f69f466

Hoisting Anti-Aircraft Gun

Artist:
Carlos López, born Havana, Cuba 1908-died Ann Arbor, MI 1953  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
9 7/8 x 6 1/2 in. (25.1 x 16.5 cm)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1942
Topic:
Travel\air\airplane  Search this
History\United States\World War II  Search this
Occupation\industry\manufacturing  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1974.28.335
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk781f6fc3a-a1f5-461f-9afd-86c67f7d5bd6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1974.28.335

Historia fisica, politica y natural de la isla de Cuba / [ microform] / por d. Ramón de la Sagra

Author:
Sagra, Ramón de la 1798-1871  Search this
Orbigny, Alcide Dessalines d' 1802-1857  Search this
Cocteau, Jean Théodore  Search this
Bibron, Gabriel 1806-1848  Search this
Guichenot, M (Alphonse)  Search this
Guérin-Méneville, F.-É (Félix-Édouard) 1799-1874  Search this
Montagne, Jean François Camille 1784-1866  Search this
Richard, Achille 1794-1852  Search this
Physical description:
12 v. : ill., maps ; 41 cm
Type:
Microforms
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1978
1839
1839-1856
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
mfm 181n
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_309664

Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'ile de Cuba / par M. Ramon de la Sagra

Author:
Sagra, Ramón de la 1798-1871  Search this
Orbigny, Alcide Dessalines d' 1802-1857  Search this
Physical description:
v. tables. 24-26 cm. and atlases of plates (part col.) 42 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1838
1845
1838-1857
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Botany  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
QH109.C9 S12
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_144543

A thousand-mile walk to the Gulf, by John Muir

Title:
1000-mile walk to the Gulf
Author:
Muir, John 1838-1914  Search this
Editor:
Badè, William Frederic 1871-1936  Search this
Illustrator:
Watson, Amelia M (Amelia Montague)  Search this
Former owner:
Bonnet, Grace Scofield 1875-1966 DSI  Search this
Subject:
Muir, John 1838-1914 Travel  Search this
Muir, John 1838-1914 Travel  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, [2], 219, [1] pages, [18] leaves of plates. color frontispiece, portrait, map, facsimiles 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Southern States
Cuba
United States
California
Date:
1916
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Naturalists  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
QH31.M9 A3 1916
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063001

Cuba and Porto Rico, with the other islands of the West Indies: their topography, climate, flora, products, industries, cities, people, political conditions, etc., by Robert T. Hill

Author:
Hill, Robert Thomas 1858-1941  Search this
Physical description:
xxx, 447 p., [86] leaves of plates. ill., maps, ports. 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Cuba
Puerto Rico
West Indies
Date:
1899
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F1608 .H64 1899Z
F1608.H64 1899Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_210406

The island of Cuba, by Alexander Humboldt. Translated from the Spanish, with notes and a preliminary essay. By J.S. Thrasher

Author:
Humboldt, Alexander von 1769-1859  Search this
Thrasher, John S. 1817-1879  Search this
Physical description:
xii, [13]-397 p. front. (fold. map) 18 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1856
Topic:
Slavery  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F1763.H93X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_210418

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