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Cinque Gallery records

Creator:
Cinque Gallery  Search this
Names:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest, 1914-2005  Search this
Jett, Ruth M.  Search this
Lewis, Norman, 1909-1979  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1959-2010, bulk 1976-2004
Summary:
The records of the New York City-based Cinque Gallery, a nonprofit organization, measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1959 to 2010, with the bulk of materials dating from 1976 to 2004. The gallery's mission was to exhibit African American artists, to educate the public about their work, and to offer art programs to the community. This is documented by administrative records, artists' files, financial and legal records, printed material, and photographs. Materials dated before and after the gallery's years of operation relate to African American community organizations and were compiled by former Cinque Gallery Executive Director, Ruth Jett.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the New York City-based Cinque Gallery, a nonprofit organization, measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1959 to 2010, with the bulk of materials dating from 1976 to 2004. The gallery's mission was to exhibit African American artists, to educate the public about their work, and to offer art programs to the community. This is documented by administrative records, artists' files, financial and legal records, printed material, and photographs. Materials dated before and after the gallery's years of operation relate to African American community organizations and were compiled by former Cinque Gallery Executive Director, Ruth Jett.

Administrative records consist of a broad range of material such as gallery history, an organizational outline, by-laws and articles, assorted forms, correspondence, mailing lists, and fundraising materials. Correspondence is mostly addressed to Executive Director Ruth Jett regarding business operations and funding efforts.

Artists' files consists of resumes, biographical statements, clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements related to Cinque Gallery founders as well as other artists. Notable artists include Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Nadine DeLawrence, Joanne McFarland, Virginia Evans Smit, and many others.

Financial and legal records include bank statements, tax records, budget projections, price lists, ledgers, and contribution receipts.

Printed material consists of announcements, invitations, and catalogs of group and solo exhibitions held at Cinque Gallery. Some of the artists featured in the exhibitions are Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Edward Clark, and Charles Alston. Also found are a brochure, newsletter, press releases, and clippings. Other printed items relating to Cinque Gallery are a brochure, exhibition reviews, and clippings.

Photographs are mostly of Cinque Gallery events, exhibition openings and galas. Some of the photographs have annotations on the verso. Among the identified individuals are Ernest Crichlow, Ruth Jett, Romare Bearden, and Norman Lewis. This series also contains a small number of negatives and a few slides of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1969-2010 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Artists' Files, 1983-2009 (Box 1, OV 2; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Financial and Legal Records, 1969-2005 (Box 1; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1959-2007, bulk 1976-2007 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1987-2003 (Box 1, OV 2; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
The Cinque Gallery (est. 1969, closed 2004) was a nonprofit art gallery in New York City founded by African American artists Romare Bearden, Norman Lewis, and Ernest Crichlow. It was established to exhibit the work of both new and established African American artists, and to provide community educational programs.

In 1981, co-founder Ernest Crichlow invited Ruth Jett, an accomplished administrator and long-time arts supporter, to serve on the gallery's Board of Directors. One year later, Jett was appointed Executive Director of Cinque Gallery. Jett has been described as the glue that held the Cinque Gallery together during its prodigious programs and exhibitions of the 1980s and 1990s.

Cinque sponsored more than 350 exhibitions in a number of New York City venues, as well as travelling exhibitions in the New York and New England areas before closing in 2004. The Gallery was funded by public and individual contributors, such as the Romare Bearden Foundation, Philip Morris Companies and the Andy Warhol Foundation.

Although Cinque Gallery closed its doors in 2004, some of its central programs are still continued by the Romare Bearden Foundation in New York City.
Provenance:
The records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2013 by Ruth M. Jett, former Executive Director of Cinque Gallery.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Function:
Artist-run galleries -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Cinque Gallery records, 1959-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cinqgall2
See more items in:
Cinque Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cinqgall2
Online Media:

Ernest Crichlow papers

Creator:
Crichlow, Ernest, 1914-2005  Search this
Names:
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel (16 items on partial microfilm reel)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
circa 1941-1963
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection of the papers of African American artist Ernest Chrichlow contains biographical data including two award certificates; printed material including seven clippings and an exhibition catalog; a report on Crichlow by Elizabeth McCausland; Crichlow's "Plan of Work;" and five photographs of works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernest Crichlow (1914-2005) was an African American painter, illustrator, and graphic artist in Brooklyn, New York. In 1969 he founded the Cinque gallery with Romare Bearden and Norman Lewis.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1970 by Ernest Crichlow.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Graphic artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Citation:
Ernest Crichlow papers. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cricerne
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cricerne

Oral history interview with Ernest Crichlow

Interviewee:
Crichlow, Ernest, 1914-2005  Search this
Interviewer:
Ghent, Henri, 1926-  Search this
Extent:
49 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1968 July 20
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ernest Crichlow conducted 1968 July 20, by Henri Ghent, for the Archives of American Art in Brooklyn, New York.
Crichlow discusses his childhood in Brooklyn as the son of immigrants from Barbados, the ethnic mix of his community, and visiting black artists in Harlem. He speaks of meeting other black artists on the WPA and their efforts to get work during the Depression. Crichlow describes the intentions of his art and his interest in black subject matter, discrimination in the art world, and the political climate of the time.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernest T. Crichlow (1914-2005) was a painter from Brooklyn, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 11 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others. Funding for the interview was provided by the New York State Council on the Arts.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.crichl68
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crichl68

Ruth Jett papers

Creator:
Jett, Ruth M.  Search this
Names:
American Society of African Culture  Search this
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace  Search this
Cinque Gallery  Search this
Library of Congress. Center for the Book  Search this
Romare Bearden Foundation  Search this
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library  Search this
Branch, William B.  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest, 1914-2005  Search this
Davis, Ossie  Search this
Hewitt, John H., 1924-2000  Search this
Hewitt, Vivian D.  Search this
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967  Search this
White, Charles, 1918-1979  Search this
White, Frances Barrett  Search this
Extent:
7.8 Linear feet
0.242 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Video recordings
Date:
1914-2014
Summary:
The papers of African American arts administrator and director of Cinque Gallery, Ruth Jett, measure 7.8 linear feet and date from 1914 to 2014. The collection contains biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues including William Branch, Vinie Burrows, John and Vivian Hewitt, Langston Hughes, and Charles and Frances White; and administrative and professional files which include material related to the American Society of African Culture, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Cinque Gallery, the Cinque Artists Program at the Romare Bearden Foundation, the Library of Congress Center for the Book, and the Schomburg Corporation. The collection also includes writings, primarily typescript copies of literary works by others, including Langston Hughes and Ossie Davis, as well as notes; printed material such as clippings, exhibition and event announcements, books and magazines, and press releases; and photographic material including photographs, snapshots, negatives, and slides depicting Ruth Jett and other individuals, travel, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace fellows and events, and works of art. Also found is a small amount of artwork including a sketchbook, sketches, a painting, and a print.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American arts administrator and director of Cinque Gallery, Ruth Jett, measure 7.8 linear feet and date from 1914 to 2014. The collection contains biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues including William Branch, Vinie Burrows, John and Vivian Hewitt, Langston Hughes, and Charles and Frances White; and administrative and professional files which include material related to the American Society of African Culture, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Cinque Gallery, the Cinque Artists Program at the Romare Bearden Foundation, the Library of Congress Center for the Book, and the Schomburg Corporation. The collection also includes writings, primarily typescript copies of literary works by others, including Langston Hughes and Ossie Davis, as well as notes; printed material such as clippings, exhibition and event announcements, books and magazines, and press releases; and photographic material including photographs, snapshots, negatives, and slides depicting Ruth Jett and other individuals, travel, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace fellows and events, and works of art. Also found is a small amount of artwork including a sketchbook, sketches, a painting, and a print.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1914-2014 (Box 1, OV 9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1952-2014 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Administrative and Professional Files, 1954-2009 (Boxes 2-5, OV 9; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings, 1949-circa 1990s (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1928, 1949-2014 (Boxes 5-7, OVs 9-13; 2.1 linear feet, ER01; .242 GB)

Series 6: Photographic Material, 1947-2010 (Boxes 7-8, OV 14; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, undated (Box 8, OV 14; 3 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Ruth Jett (1920-2014) was an art administrator and Director of the Cinque Gallery, New York, N.Y.

Born and raised in Alabama, Ruth Jett attended Miles College in Birmingham before moving with her mother and some siblings to Harlem, New York. In the early 1950s, Jett worked with the Committee for the Negro in the Arts, overseeing early productions by several Black playwrights including William Branch, Alice Childress, Ossie Davis, and Julian Mayfield. From the 1950s until her retirement in 1978, Jett held a variety of positions at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, notably managing the Fellowships in Diplomacy program for a number of years.

After she retired from the Carnegie Endowment, Ruth Jett worked with a number of cultural and arts organizations, including the Library of Congress Center for the Book, the Schomburg Corporation/ Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Friends of the Symphony of the New World.

Ruth Jett served on the Cinque Gallery Board of Directors beginning in 1981. She was appointed Executive Director in 1989 and served in that position until the early 2000s. When the gallery closed in 2004, she then worked with the Romare Bearden Foundation on the Cinque Artists Program to continue the gallery's legacy and commitment to supporting artists.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Cinque Gallery records, 1959-2010, bulk 1976-2004.
Provenance:
The Ruth Jett papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2018 by Juan Rodriguez, a friend of Jett.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Archival audiovisual recordings must be digitized for research access. Researchers may access digitized audiovisual materials in the Archives' Washington, D.C. or New York, N.Y. Research Centers by appointment. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Ruth Jett papers, 1914-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.jettruth
See more items in:
Ruth Jett papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jettruth

Crichlow, Ernest, 1914-2005

Collection Creator:
Rosenblum, Walter, 1919-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph
Container:
Binder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Researcher may use study prints on file in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required. Original negatives are stored off-site in cold storage and are not accessible to the public.
Collection Rights:
Copyright to photographs from the Walter Rosenblum Collection is held by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Requests for permission to reproduce photographs from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Photograph Archives. Certain works of art, as well as photographs of those works of art, may be protected by copyright, trademark, privacy or publicity rights, or other interests not owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It is the applicant's responsibility to ascertain whether any such rights exist, and to obtain any other permission necessary to reproduce and publish the image.
Collection Citation:
Walter Rosenblum Collection, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
See more items in:
Walter Rosenblum photographs
Walter Rosenblum photographs / Series 1: Photographs of artists' works
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-photo-ros-ref140

By the Gate, [painting] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1953
Topic:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Figure female--Bust  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Architecture--Detail--Gate  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0005909
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_135332

Captain of the Planter : the story of Robert Smalls / Illustrated by Ernest Crichlow

Author:
Sterling, Dorothy 1913-2008  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Subject:
Smalls, Robert 1839-1915  Search this
Physical description:
264 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1958
Call number:
E185.97.S6 S8X 1958
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_423866

Ernest Crichlow : a life in art : May 4 to June 17, 2000 : The Skylight Gallery, Center for Arts and Culture / curated by Julia Hotton ; [edited by Geoffrey Jacques]

Title:
Life in art
Skylight Gallery presents Ernest Crichlow : a life in art
Author:
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Hotton, Julia  Search this
Jacques, Geoffrey  Search this
Skylight Gallery at Restoration Plaza  Search this
Subject:
Crichlow, Ernest T. 1914-  Search this
Physical description:
56 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Biography
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Brooklyn
Date:
2000
C2000
20th century
Topic:
African American painting  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Call number:
ND238.N5 C75 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_691073

Lift every voice : the lives of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary Church Terrell, and James Weldon Johnson / [by] Dorothy Sterling and Benjamin Quarles. Illustrated by Ernest Crichlow

Author:
Sterling, Dorothy 1913-2008  Search this
Quarles, Benjamin  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Subject:
Washington, Booker T. 1856-1915 Juvenile literature  Search this
Du Bois, W. E. B (William Edward Burghardt) 1868-1963 Juvenile literature  Search this
Terrell, Mary Church 1863-1954  Search this
Johnson, James Weldon 1871-1938 Juvenile literature  Search this
Physical description:
116 p. illus., ports. 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Juvenile literature
Date:
1965
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Call number:
E185.96.S77X 1965
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_423769

African folk tales. Illustrated by Ernest Crichlow

Author:
Nunn, Jessie Alford  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Physical description:
141 p. illus. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Africa
Date:
1969
[1969]
Topic:
Tales  Search this
Call number:
GR350.N8X 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_345805

Fifteen under forty : paintings by young New York State Black artists, Emma Amos [and others] / Ernest Crichlow, director of the exhibition. Romare Bearden, consultant

Author:
Amos, Emma 1938-  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Saratoga Performing Arts Center  Search this
New York (State) Division of the Humanities and the Arts  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
Date:
1970
1970]
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Call number:
ND238.N5F5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_188796

Benjamin Banneker: the man who saved Washington. Illustrated by Ernest T. Crichlow

Author:
Lewis, Claude  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest 1914-2005  Search this
Subject:
Banneker, Benjamin 1731-1806 Juvenile literature  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
[1970]
Call number:
CT275.B23 L6
CT275.B23L6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_3984

Two is a team, by Lorraine and Jerrold Beim; pictures by Ernest Crichlow

Author:
Beim, Lorraine 1909-1951  Search this
Beim, Jerrold 1910-1957  Search this
Crichlow, Ernest,. 1914-2005-  Search this
Physical description:
[61] p. illus.(part col.) 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1945
[1945]
Call number:
PZ7.B3883 TwX
PZ7.B3883TwX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_9558

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