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Thomas Crawford papers

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Names:
Gale, Robert L., 1919-  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1845-1857
bulk 1852-1857 dates
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, 1845-1856; and typescripts.
REEL D181: Letters from Crawford to his wife, Louisa Cutler Ward Crawford. More than half of the letters were written in Europe, particulary from Rome, where the Crawfords lived, and include much material about Crawford's activities and about the American colony of artists in Italy in the 1850's.
REEL 3023: Typescripts of the letters and a 20 page index to names and places mentioned in the typescripts. The typescripts and index were prepared under the direction of Dr. Robert L. Gale, author of THOMAS CRAWFORD, AMERICAN SCULPTOR (1964).
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; Rome, Italy.
Provenance:
Material on reel D181 was donated 1964 by Crawford's heir, Countess Eleanor Marion - Crawford Rocca through Dr. Robert L. Gale. The typescripts were also received 1964, but later microfilmed on reel 3023 and returned to Gale, Crawford's biographer.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Sculptors -- Italy  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- Italy  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.crawthom
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crawthom

Hiram Powers papers

Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875  Search this
Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808  Search this
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Fuller, Charles Francis  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872  Search this
Healy, G.P.A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845  Search this
Kinney, E. Clementine  Search this
Kinney, William  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins, 1801-1882  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peabody, George, 1795-1869  Search this
Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904  Search this
Powers, Preston, 1842 or 1843-1904  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trollope, Francis  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Date:
1819-1953
bulk 1835-1883
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Of note is Powers' "Studio Memorandum," from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional papers include scattered biographical material, financial and legal records, printed materials, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his artwork, methodology, and his interaction with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and his numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Other papers include scattered biographical material, writings by Powers and others, financial and legal records, news clippings and printed items, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.

Biographical material consists of documents for honors conferred on Powers, price lists and inventories of his artwork, papers regarding his death, including a translation of his will, and ephemera, such as his studio cap.

The bulk of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with family, friends, business associates, and others, documenting his career as an artist and his personal life after he and his family moved to Florence, Italy, in 1837. Almost all of the letters have typed unconfirmed transcriptions completed by volunteers at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Besides details of his studio work and business dealings, his letters often discuss his views on aesthetics, American politics, slavery and the Civil War, and Spiritualism. Notable correspondence is with William B. Astor, Edward Everett, Samuel York Atlee, William and E. Clementine Kinney, George P. Marsh, George Peabody, Presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, William Cullen Bryant, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John C. Calhoun, Thomas Crawford, John A. Dix, Asher Durand, Charles Francis Fuller, Henry Peters Gray, Horace Greeley, George P. A. Healy, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Samuel F. B. Morse, W. W. Story, John Sartain, Frances Trollope, and Daniel Webster.

Writings by Powers include his "Studio Memorandum," a journal-type notebook he kept from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional writings include poetry and autobiographical essays and instructions for handling his sculptures. Writings by others include poetry, most of which was written in praise of Powers' artwork. Of note are handwritten transcripts of poems by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Bayard Taylor, and John Quincy Adams. Also found here are short writings about Powers and his artwork.

Scattered financial and legal records in this collection include patent documents for tools invented by Powers, legal agreements, account statements, and bills and receipts. Printed material consists of news clippings, two booklets, an art association brochure, and an exhibition catalog for works by Powers.

This collection contains photographs of Hiram Powers, his family, friends, notable public figures, and artwork. Many of the photographs were taken by his son, Longworth Powers, who had a private photography studio in Florence. Included are portraits of Powers and his family, as well as a collection of 267 carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of artists, performers, politicians, writers, scientists, and other public figures, many of whom were friends with the Powers family. Other photographs depict Woodstock, Vermont, the marble quarry at Carrara, Italy, and artwork by Hiram and Preston Powers. Also found here is a photograph album kept by Louisa Powers.

Artwork consists of three drawings by Hiram Powers, including a caricature of Miner Kellogg. Also found in this collection is a scrapbook containing news clippings regarding the American tour of the sculpture Greek Slave, an autograph album belonging to Louisa Powers, and an album containing pencil drawings by Preston Powers and dried flowers collected on travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1927 (Box 1, 15; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1819-1883 (Box 1-10; 9.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1827-1887 (Box 10; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, circa 1840s-1892, 1915 (Box 10, OV 17; 8 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1845-1953 (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1860s-1900, 1927, 1932, early 1950s (Box 10-13, 16, OV 17; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1860, mid-1800s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbooks and Albums, 1847-1876 (Box 14; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave.

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno. In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy. Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.
Related Material:
Additional Hiram Powers papers are available at the Winterthur Museum.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel D117 contains "The Sculpture of Hiram Powers," by Paul B. Metzler. Reels 815-818 includes a "Collection of Letters from Old Residents of Cincinnati to Hiram Powers," compiled by Clara Louise Dentler. Reels 1102-1103 are comprised of an unpublished manuscript entitled "White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor," by Clara Louise Dentler. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Hiram Powers papers were purchased by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1967 from Christina Seeber, great-granddaughter of Hiram Powers which was subsequenlty transferred to the Archives of American Art in 1984. The Cincinnati Historical Society and Ohio State University also lent the Archives omaterials for microfilming in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Hiram Powers papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.powehira
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-powehira
Online Media:

The artists of America : a series of biographical sketches of American artists : with portraits and designs on steel / by C. Edwards Lester

Creator:
Lester, C. Edwards (Charles Edwards), 1815-1890  Search this
Names:
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
DeVeaux, James, 1812-1844.  Search this
Inman, Henry, 1801-1846  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
vi, 257 p., [8] leaves of plates ; (on partial microfilm reel) (ill., ports., 23 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1846
Contents:
Washington Allston.--Henry Inman.--Benjamin West.--Gilbert Charles Stuart.--John Trumbull.--James DeVeaux.--Rembrandt Peale.--Thomas Crawford.
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York : Baker & Scribner, 1846.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lestchar2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lestchar2

Thomas Crawford letter to "Greene"

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[undated]
Scope and Contents:
Letter to "Greene."
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y. and London, England.
Provenance:
Provenance unknown.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.crawthol
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crawthol

Thomas Crawford papers

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Extent:
5 Items ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1841-1856
Scope and Contents:
Four letters, 1841-1856, including a letter to lawyer Charles Sumner from George Washington Greene, the American Consul in Rome, enclosing a contract signed by Crawford for his statue of ORPHEUS, March 31, 1841; a letter to Greene from Crawford in Paris, September 4, 1845, concerning his travels and his Roman studio; a letter to Sumner from Crawford, May 13, 1849, thanking him for the warm welcome and mentioning his plans for an "artistic expedition" to Philadelphia; a letter to William F. Richie from Crawford in Newport, August 1, 1856, regarding the shipment of his equestrian monument of George Washington from Amsterdam to Richmond, Virginia. Also included is a handwritten copy of a poem, "Crawford's Equestrian Statue of Washington," by John R. Thompson.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; Rome, Italy.
Provenance:
Purchased 1985 by the Archives of American Art from Cesi Kellinger.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Sculptors -- Italy  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- Italy  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.crawthop
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crawthop

Thomas Crawford papers, 1845-1857, bulk bulk 1852-1857 dates

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Subject:
Gale, Robert L.  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- Italy  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6721
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208846
AAA_collcode_crawthom
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208846

Thomas Crawford papers, 1841-1856

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- Italy  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10218
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213294
AAA_collcode_crawthop
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213294

Thomas Crawford letter to "Greene", [undated]

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10364
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213682
AAA_collcode_crawthol
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213682

Thomas Crawford, Bordentown, N.J. letter to Robert E. Launitz, New York, N.Y.

Creator:
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Launitz, Robert E. (Robert Eberhardt), 1806-1870  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1849 June 16
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6904
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6904
Online Media:

Statue of Freedom (Side View), Rotunda, A&I Building

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
Statue of Freedom (Statue)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Statue; Exhibits; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Statue
Date:
1939
Topic:
Rotundas  Search this
Flags  Search this
Statues  Search this
Military history  Search this
Military paraphernalia  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
Standard number:
33403 or MAH-33403
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10506

United States National Museum (Now A&I), South Hall, c. May 1957

Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Statue of Freedom (Statue)  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
South Hall of the Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10 X 8; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
c. May 1957
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Costume, Artifacts  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Rotundas  Search this
Balconies  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2007-0130
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11805

Rotunda of A&I with "Statue of Freedom"

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Statue of Freedom (Statue)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
Arts and Industries Building Rotunda  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Interior
Date:
1939
Topic:
Interiors  Search this
Flags  Search this
Oil paintings  Search this
Rotundas  Search this
Statues  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Stencil work  Search this
Standard number:
33999 or MAH-33999
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8257

The genesis of Crawford's "Washington" : a letter from Thomas Crawford to George W. Greene / edited by Thomas B. Brumbaugh

Author:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Brumbaugh, Thomas B (Thomas Brendle) 1921-  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857 Washington monument  Search this
Physical description:
447-453 p., [2] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1958
1958]
Call number:
N40.1.C922 B78g 1958
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_667558

Thomas Crawford, dear Lou, and the horse / by Robert L. Gale

Author:
Gale, Robert L. 1919-  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
[171]-192 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1960
1960?]
Topic:
Sculptors, American  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C922 .G15t 1960
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_667559

The evolution of Crawford's "Washington" / by Thomas B. Brumbaugh

Author:
Brumbaugh, Thomas B (Thomas Brendle) 1921-  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857 Washington monument  Search this
Physical description:
29 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
1962]
Call number:
N40.1.C922 B78 1962
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_667560

The artists of America : a series of biographical sketches of American artists : with portraits and designs on steel / by C. Edwards Lester

Author:
Lester, C. Edwards (Charles Edwards) 1815-1890  Search this
Subject:
Allston, Washington 1779-1843  Search this
Inman, Henry 1801-1846  Search this
West, Benjamin 1738-1820  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert 1755-1828  Search this
Trumbull, John 1756-1843  Search this
De Veaux, James 1812-1844  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt 1778-1860  Search this
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 257 p., [8] leaves of plates : ill., ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Portraits
Place:
United States
Date:
1846
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N6536 .L64 1846
N6536.L64 1846
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_404742

A catalogue of the portrait busts and ideal works of Thomas Crawford (1813?-1857), American sculptor in Rome / by Lauretta Dimmick

Author:
Dimmick, Lauretta  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. (xv, 728 leaves, [97] leaves of plates) : photos. (mounted) ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C922 D5 1986a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_454441

Thomas Crawford, American sculptor

Author:
Gale, Robert L  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 241 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
[1964]
Call number:
NB237.C8G3X
N40.1.C922G15
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_248684

Thomas Crawford and art in America. Address before the New York Historical Society, upon the reception of Crawford's statue of the Indian, presented by Frederic De Peyster ... April 6, 1875

Author:
Osgood, Samuel 1812-1880  Search this
New-York Historical Society  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1875
Call number:
N40.1.C922 O8
N40.1.C922O8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_269688

Eulogy on Thomas Crawford, by Thomas Hicks, N. A

Author:
Hicks, Thomas 1823-1890  Search this
Subject:
Crawford, Thomas 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Physical description:
103 p. mounted front. (port.) mounted plates. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1865
Call number:
N40.1.C922H6 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_105204

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