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Gardner Cox papers, 1920-1995

Creator:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Massachusetts Art Commission  Search this
Subject:
Forbes, Edward Waldo  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus  Search this
Shaw, Robert Gould  Search this
Morison, Samuel Eliot  Search this
Stevens, Austin  Search this
Driver, Phoebe Barnes  Search this
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Saint Botolph Club (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Putnam & Cox, (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Portraits (Firm: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Boston Arts Festival  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Citation:
Gardner Cox papers, 1920-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Massachusetts  Search this
Politicians -- Portraits  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8156
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210327
AAA_collcode_coxgard
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210327

Oral history interview with Polly Thayer

Interviewee:
Thayer, Polly, 1904-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Littlefield, William Horace, 1902-1969  Search this
Saltonstall, Nathaniel, 1903-1968  Search this
Sarton, May, 1912-  Search this
Van Ness, Beatrice Whitney, 1888-1981  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Extent:
89 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995 May 12-1996 February 1
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Polly Thayer (Starr) conducted 1995 May 12-1996 February 1, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Thayer talks about her childhood in an upper class Boston family, thriving on drawing in charcoal from casts at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, under tutelage of Beatrice Van Ness; her social debut, 1921-1922; a trip in the summer of 1922 to the Orient with her mother and brother where she was caught in the Tokyo earthquake; Philip Hale's method of teaching drawing at the Museum School in Boston, 1923-1924, and, later, privately; Eugene Speicher's urging her to free herself from Hale's teaching; the difficulty of making the transition to painting; and winning of the Hallgarten Prize of National Academy of Design, 1929.
Studying with Charles W. Hawthorne in Provincetown, Massachusetts in the summer of 1923-1924, which countered the rigidity of her training at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School; travels in Spain and Morocco in early 1929, at the time her large painting of a nude, "Circles," won the Hallgarten Prize; the importance to her of a letter in 1929 from the critic, Royal Cortissoz, urging her to not fall into the trap of the Boston School and become formulaic in her work; her first one-person show at Doll and Richards, Boston, which resulted in 18 portrait commissions; her ease with which she did self-portraits early in her career, but not so later; and her difficulty in holding the attention of portrait sitters.
Studying with Harry Wickey at the Art Students League, who taught her by boldly re-working her drawings for "plastic" values, which Starr quickly achieved; sketching medical operations and back-stage at theatres, which gave her the dramatic subject matter she sought in the early 1930s; her portraits; getting married in 1933 and the affect on her work; and her work at the Painter's Workshop in Boston with Gardner Cox and William Littlefield. She recalls May Sarton whose portrait she painted in 1936, Charles Hopkinson, and Hans Hofmann.
The distractions from painting brought about by marriage, children, acting, an active social life and much travel; her increased involvement in social concerns through her conversion to Quakerism; the simplification of her paintings beginning in the late 1930s and her steady execution of portrait commissions, which took less time; her exhibitions in Boston and New York through the 1940s and the rarity of them after that; being a board member of the Institute of Modern Art, Boston, and its co-founder, Nathaniel Saltonstall; her approach to painting which amounts to seeking the invisible in the visual world; and the onset of glaucoma which has ended her painting career.
Biographical / Historical:
Polly E. Thayer (1904-2006) was a painter from Boston, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 44 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.thayer95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e451ce01-5e1d-4d09-8905-0c0e0d574398
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thayer95
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Gardner Cox, 1974 March 19-July 8

Interviewee:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Gardner Cox, 1974 March 19-July 8. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12625
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213379
AAA_collcode_cox74
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213379
Online Media:

Margaret Brown Gallery records

Creator:
Margaret Brown Gallery (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Names:
Brown, Margaret E., d. 1957  Search this
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Edwards, Ethel, 1914-1999  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
Lamb, Aimée, 1893-1989  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1958
Summary:
The records of Boston art gallery and framing shop Margaret Brown Gallery measure 9.3 linear feet and date from 1921 to 1958. The collection comprises correspondence with artists, customers, museums and galleries, and Brown's personal correspondence with her son Rodney and friends; artist files containing correspondence, and to a lesser extent, printed materials, price lists, and letters with potential buyers; gallery records containing administrative and financial files; printed materials that include programs for events in which the gallery participated; and photographic materials including photos of works of art and a few artists, and Brown's personal photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Boston art gallery and framing shop Margaret Brown Gallery measure 9.3 linear feet and date from 1921 to 1958. The collection comprises correspondence with artists, customers, museums and galleries, and Brown's personal correspondence with her son Rodney and friends; artist files containing correspondence, and to a lesser extent, printed materials, price lists, and letters with potential buyers; gallery records containing administrative and financial files; printed materials that include programs for events in which the gallery participated; and photographic materials including photos of works of art and a few artists, and Brown's personal photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1942-1958 (2.6 linear feet; boxes 1-3, OV 12)

Series 2: Artist's Files, 1946-1958 (2 linear feet; boxes 3-5)

Series 3: Gallery Records, 1934-1958 (3.7 linear feet; boxes 5-7, 9-11)

Series 4: Printed Materials, circa 1952-1957 (0.3 linear feet; box 8)

Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1921-circa 1950 (0.7 linear feet; box 8)
Biographical / Historical:
The Margaret Brown Gallery (est. 1945) was an art gallery and frame shop in Boston, M.A.

Margaret Brown was an assistant at the Grace Horne Gallery before opening her own gallery in 1945 on Newbury Street in Boston. The gallery exhibited prominent New England artists, as well as some New York and European artists. Channing Hare, Hopkins Hensel, Aimee Lamb, and Ethel Edwards were among some of the artists who maintained strong relationships with the gallery. Brown was involved in arranging art exhibitions for Boston arts festivals, and became an esteemed member of Boston's art community despite her short career.

Brown died of a brain tumor in the summer of 1957 at age 49.
Provenance:
The Margaret Brown Gallery records were donated in 1972 by Harold W. Palmer, a shop assistant at the gallery.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Citation:
Margaret Brown Gallery records, 1921-1958. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.margbrow
See more items in:
Margaret Brown Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dd95e5d4-f11b-4dce-8eeb-14f60586136d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-margbrow
Online Media:

Gardner Cox papers

Creator:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Massachusetts Art Commission  Search this
Portraits (Firm: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Putnam & Cox (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Saint Botolph Club (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Names:
Boston Arts Festival  Search this
Forbes, Edward Waldo, 1873-1969  Search this
Morison, Samuel Eliot, 1887-1976  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Shaw, Robert Gould, 1837-1863  Search this
Stevens, Austin  Search this
Interviewer:
Driver, Phoebe Barnes, 1908-  Search this
Extent:
7.8 Linear feet ((on 9 microfilm reels))
12 Linear feet (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Date:
1920-1995
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material, correspondence, business records, extensive portrait files, sketches and drawings, notes and writings, art works, subject files, printed materials, photographs, audio-visual material and palette samples relate chiefly to Cox's career as a portrait painter.
Included are: short biographical sketches, a résumé, and membership cards; correspondence, primarily with the gallery Portraits, Inc. and with sitters; early letters of recommendation and letters from Austin Stevens, who painted Cox's portrait; contracts, insurance records, leases, frame invoices, and extensive income tax records; ten cassette tapes and transcript of an interview conducted by Phoebe Barnes Driver; notebooks, notes and writings, including a biographical sketch of Edward W. Forbes, a transcription of a portrait dedication, invitation lists; notebooks; appointment calendars; sketchbooks and loose sketches.
Also included are extensive portrait files of sitters containing correspondence, invoices; some contain photographs. Sitters include Dean Acheson, Judge Bailey Aldrich, Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Dean George Baker, Ann Banks, Talcot M. Banks, Barry Bingham, Sr., Eleanor Bowman, Justice William Joseph Brennan, Jr., Kingman Brewster, Jr., John Nicholas Brown, Orville H. Bullitt, William A.M. Burden and sons, J. B. CanantHammond E. Chaffetz, Secretary William T. Coleman, Abram T. Collier, Mary Crocker, Nathan Cummings, Justice R. Ammi Cutter, Dr. Francis de Marneffe, Dr. Derek Denny-Brown, Douglas Dillon, Gov. Michael S. Dukakis, Frederick M. Eaton, Daughter of Frederick M. Eaton, Dr. Frank Elliott, John Franklin Enders, Justice Felix Frankfurter, Robert Frost, Richard Glenn Gettell, Justice Arthur Goldberg, Honorable and Mrs. Gordon Gray, General Wallace M. Greene, Burton Grey, Najeeb E. Halaby, Justice John M. Harlan, Averell and Pamela Harriman, Judge William Hastie, Francis W. Hatch, Hatcher, Paul V. Hayden, Alfred Hayes, Ralph Helverson, Christian Herter, Hopkinson, V.P.H. Humphrey, R. Keith Kane, John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, Rev. Kinsolving, Secretary Henry Kissinger, Henry Laughlin, Martina Lawrence, Lessing, Edward H. Levi, Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis, Lippman, Stacy Lloyd, Professor Louis Loss, Robert Lovett
Professor Edward Mason, Jean Mayer, Secretary Robert S. McNamara, Professor Donald H. Menzel, Hary Myers, Dr. Francis D. Moore, Maurice Needham, William Oates, John Lord O'Brian, Daniel H. O'Leary, Howard C. Peterson, Edwin H.B. Pratt, Norman S. Raab, R. Stewart Rauch, Herbert Read, Dr. Duncan Reid, Resor, Arthur Ross, Eugene V. Rostow, Dean Rusk, Dean Albert M. Sacks, Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger, Sally Scott, George C. Seybolt, Dr. Howard Sprague, Justice Potter Stewart, J. Statton, Lewis Toepfer, Marian Vaillant, Margaret Vaughan, Chief Justice Earl Warren, James Webb, Fred Weed, E. A. Weeks, Professor Fred L. Whipple, Justice Byron White, George M. White, Judge Raymond Wilkins, Michael Wiseman, Professor Arnold Wolfers, and Judge Charles Wyansky.
Also found are institution files relating to activities with the American Academy in Rome, Boston Arts Festival and its revival in 1985, Massachusetts Art Commission, St. Botolph Club, School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and memorials to Samuel Morison, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Robert Gould Shaw; exhibition files, containing correspondence, catalogs and announcements; and files relating to Cox's home and studio and the publication of LAWYERS PAINTED BY GARDNER COX. Also, clippings, invitations, announcements and printed material from clubs and other organizations; and photographs of Cox, his family, a bust of Cox, and many of his portraits.
ADDITION (UNMICROFILMED; ca. 12 ft.): Biographical material; correspondence; writings; notebooks; sketches and drawings; financial papers; photographs of portrait and non-portrait work; printed material; exhibition announcements; lists of work; posthumous inventory with photographs of selected work. The strength of this group lies in the abundance of studies for portraits, ranging from quick sketches in notebooks to studies of aspects of sitters to preliminary drawings, to photographs of his work, predominantly portraits but also including his paintings of forms abstracted from nature.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter; Cambridge, Mass. Died 1988. Cox was a friend or acquaintance of many leading cultural figures in Boston and Cambridge, painted the portraits of many of them, and often developed friendly relations with his eminent sitters.
Provenance:
Papers on reels 4486-4494 were donated 1982-1985 by Gardner Cox and by his widow, Phyllis Byrnes Cox, 1989-1990. Additional papers received in 1998 from Cox's sons, James and Benjamin, and his daughter, Phyllis Koch.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Lawyers -- Portraits  Search this
Portrait painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Massachusetts  Search this
Politicians -- Portraits  Search this
Function:
Art festivals
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.coxgard
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93ecb2ba6-bc77-41a0-94f4-c35cfc342652
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-coxgard

Gardner Cox : sketches from life / interviews recorded and edited by Phoebe Barnes Driver

Author:
Cox, Gardner 1906-1988  Search this
Driver, Phoebe Barnes 1908-2008  Search this
Subject:
Cox, Gardner 1906-1988 Interviews  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 300 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Interviews
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Portrait painters  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C8724 A1 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479851

Oral history interview with Gardner Cox

Interviewee:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (sound files, digital, wav file)
107 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1974 March 19-July 8
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Gardner Cox conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, in Boston, MA, from March 19-July 8.
Cox speaks of his childhood friends, his parents' artistic leanings, his early painting instructors, his education at Harvard, his training and early career in architecture; his portraits of socialites and Democratic party notables, and describes his sketches and their relationship to his portraits. He also recalls Amy Lowell, R.H. Ives Gammell, Charles Webster Hawthorne, Frank Shay, John Frazier, Aldro Hibbard, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Gardner Cox (1906-1988) was a painter from Boston, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav file. Duration is 4 hr., 14 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.cox74
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a160f5b3-75fb-4d93-b43c-009716b0c5d6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cox74
Online Media:

Robert Frost, (painting)

Painter:
Cox, Gardner 1906-1988  Search this
Subject:
Frost, Robert  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Amherst College Mead Art Museum Amherst Massachusetts 01002 Accession Number: 1967.89
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Occupation--Writer--Poet  Search this
Control number:
IAP 20091028
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_460533

Lawyers painted by Gardner Cox / Bernice Loss

Author:
Loss, Bernice  Search this
Cox, Gardner 1906-1988  Search this
Harvard Law School Library  Search this
Subject:
Cox, Gardner 1906-1988  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 44 p. : ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
C1984
Topic:
Lawyers--Portraits--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C8724 L8
N40.1.C8724L8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_208452

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