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William Mitchell Court Martial Collection [Reid]

Creator:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Extent:
2.18 Cubic feet ((2 records center boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Press releases
Date:
1898-1951
bulk 1935-1926
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of documents relating to Mitchell's court martial in 1925. The material includes charge sheets, testimony, and press releases
Biographical / Historical:
Brigadier General William 'Billy' Mitchell (1879-1936), pilot and aviation and aerial bombing advocate, joined the army as a private and, by the Spanish-American War was the youngest lieutenant involved in the operation. Mitchell saw service in the Philippines, Cuba, and on the Mexican border, and graduated from the Army School of the Line (1908) and Army Staff College (1909) before serving on the Army General Staff (1913-1916). He held a number of command and staff posts in the Air Service in France during World War I (1917-1919) and first soloed in 1917. After a short period as Director of Military Aeronautics (1919) and Chief of Training and Operations (1920), he became Assistant to the Chief of Air Service (1921-1926). During this period he advocated the creation of an independent Air Service and demonstrated the utility of air power through the famous bomber vs. battleship trials (1921), the group flight to Alaska from the continental US (1923), and Army's Around the World Flight (1924). Unfortunately, Mitchell's public criticism of government policies, in defiance of Army regulations, resulted in his court martial for conduct prejudicial of 'good order and military discipline' and insubordination in October-December 1925. Found guilty and suspended for five years, Mitchell resigned his commission in January 1926. He continued to promote aviation and decry government inefficiencies until his death.
General:
See also: Mitchell Papers at Library of Congress, Manuscript Division
NASMrev
Provenance:
William H. Webb, gift, 1973, XXXX-0082, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Bombing, Aerial  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Press releases
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0082
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0082

William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks

Creator:
Webb, William  Search this
Names:
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Extent:
0.51 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1925-1926
Summary:
Colonel William Lendrum "Billy" Mitchell (1879-1936) of the U.S. Army Air Service, a leading proponent of air power, was court-martialed for insubordination in October – December 1925 after publically criticizing the Navy and War Departments. This collection consists of two scrapbooks of material relating to the court-martial by William Webb, a member of Mitchell's defense team.
Scope and Contents:
This collection was created by William Webb, a member of Colonel William L. "Billy" Mitchell's the defense team for his 1925 court-martial. The collection consists of two scrapbooks containingcontain photographs of Mitchell, Mitchell's family, the defense team, and witnesses; newspaper articles on the trial; and courtroom sketches.
Arrangement:
The collection consists of one flatbox containing two scrapbooks; the contents were arranged by the donor.
Biographical / Historical:
An active participant in American military aviation since its beginnings, Colonel William L. "Billy" Mitchell (1879-1936) was closely involved in shaping air policy and air defense strategy in the 1920s. Mitchell publically criticized the Navy and War Departments in the wake of the crash of the U.S. Navy rigid airship "Shenandoah" on September 3, 1925. His actions resulted in a court-martial held from October – December 1925 for insubordination and "Conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the military service." Mitchell was found guilty and was sentenced to "Suspension from rank, command, and duty with forfeiture of all pay and allowances for five years." Mitchell resigned from the Army on February 1, 1926. He remained a public voice for air power until his death on February 19, 1936. In 2003, Congress voted to posthumously commission William L. Mitchell as a major general in the Army.
Provenance:
Mrs. William Webb, Gift, 1991, NASM.1992.0013
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bombing, Aerial  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air defenses -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Citation:
William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks, Acc. 1992.0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0013
See more items in:
William Mitchell Trial Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0013
Online Media:

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records

Creator:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Associated name:
Cox Commission  Search this
OutServe  Search this
Burton, Sala, Representative  Search this
Cohen, William S. (Secretary of Defense)  Search this
Deutch, John M. (Undersecretary of Defense)  Search this
Frank, Barney, Representative  Search this
Perry, William J., Secretary of Defense  Search this
Powell, Colin, General  Search this
Rumsfeld, Donald, Secretary of Defense  Search this
Studds, Gerry E. (Congressman)  Search this
Extent:
7.5 Cubic feet (23 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Interviews
Newsletters
Legal documents
Instructional materials
Clippings
Research
Correspondence
Writings
Legislative documents
Legal records
Legal correspondence
Legislation (legal concepts)
Office files
Project files
Letters
Periodicals
Manuals
Letters (correspondence)
Government records
Annual reports
Date:
1975-2009, undated
bulk 1993-2008
Summary:
This collection contains records and research material produced and collected by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), a lobbying and legal assistance organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender servicepersons. They were instrumental in overturning the United States Department of Defense's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains correspondence, case files, legal briefs, subject files, research files, press releases, office records, clipping files, publications, and other material produced and collected by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), a lobbying and non-profit legal services organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender military servicepersons founded in the aftermath of the passage of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) legislation of December 1993. These records do not include material generated post 2009 and the final two years before the official overturning of DADT in September 2011. Before donation to the Archives Center, SLDN removed any material that they deemed sensitive, personal, or in violaton of their client's privacy.

Correspondence contains that which was sent by SLDN and received by SLDN. Major correspondents were: the Executive Office of the President, members of Congress, officials of the Department of Defense and other defense related federal agencies, other similarly focused non-profit organizations as well as private citizens. Correspondence may also include petitions, corresonpondence with clients of SLDN, those seeking legal services and or statistics related to DADT and others. Case files are generally refence copies of cases filed by SLDN, individuals, or invdividuals with other organizations relating to LGBT treatment within the military. Case files contain most often the public record copy of the legal brief that was filed with the courts and any supporting or relevant documents. Legal briefs relate to cases filed by SLDN or to the cases that in some way informed those legal cases and issues related to the mission of SLDN. Subject and research files were complied from various sources and contain copies or original material produced in support of the SLDN mission with regard to legal actions or as a lobbying organization. Press releases are generally those produced by SLDN. Office records pertain to the day to day workings of the organization and inter-office memorada and communication between employees or other organizations. Clipping files were compiled from a variety of national and international sources such as newspapers, magazines, and journals and used as reference tools within SLDN. Publications were those produced either by SLDN or collected by SLDN for research and reference purposes in-house.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series, one of which has been arranged further into subseries. The contents of each series or subseries are arranged chronologically. The series and subseries arrangement of the records is as follows:

Series 1, Administrative Records, 1994-2008

Series 2, Subject Files, 1980-2009 (bulk 1994-2009)

Subseries 1: Research Files, 1980-2008, undated

Subseries 2: Department of Defense, 1985-2003, undated

Subseries 3: United States Army, 1994-2005

Subseries 4: United States Navy, 1991-2008, undated

Subseries 5: United States Air Force, 1994-2004, undated

Subseries 6: United States Coast Guard, 1996-2005

Subseries 7: National Guard and Reserves, 2004

Series 3, Publications, 1988-2007

Series 4, Case Files, 1975-2008, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) is a non-profit founded in 1993 in the wake of the Clinton adminstration's efforts to make military service legal and non-discriminatory for openly lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. The organization employs less than twenty persons and has a Board of Directors. SLDN provided legal services to LGBT servicmembers and was also a lobbying and policy organization. This initiative resulted in the passing of legislation commonly referred to as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in December 1993. DADT prohibited military personnel from discriminating against or harassing closeted homosexual or bisexual servicemembers or applicants while still barring openly homosexual or bisexual persons from military service. This policy proved controversial and continued to result in the discrimination and separation of LGBT persons from the military.

The original purpose of SLDN was working to overturn the DADT policy through legal or legislative means while providing free legal services to servicemembers targeted by DADT. Its scope of concern not only included active duty personnel but the National Guard, reserves, and officer training programs. On occasion it worked with other similarly focused organizations and directly with the Department of Defense and other relevant federal agencies. By the time of the repeal of DADT in September 2011 and its official enactment in January 2012, SLDN had provided legal aid to thousands of servicepersons.

In July 2012 SLDN announced that it was merging with OutServe, effective in October 2012. OutServe is an organization of active LGBT military servicepersons, reportedly one of the largest employee resource groups in the world. SLDN continues to provide free legal advice and assistance and also works with veteran organizations while maintaining a "watchdog" status on LGBT issues within the military establishment.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Collection, 1942-2012, undated (AC1146)
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN), 2012.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Don't ask, don't tell (Military personnel policy)  Search this
Women  Search this
War  Search this
Equality  Search this
Government and politics -- United States Congress actions  Search this
United States Department of Defense  Search this
United States Coast Guard  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
United States Marine Corps  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Activism  Search this
United States Navy -- 20th century  Search this
National defense  Search this
Air defenses -- United States  Search this
Armed Forces -- Operations other than war  Search this
Laws -- United States Congress actions  Search this
Lawsuits  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
U. S. Army  Search this
Sexual harassment  Search this
Sodomy  Search this
Sailors  Search this
Trials (Sex crimes)  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Interviews
Newsletters -- 20th century
Legal documents -- 20th century
Instructional materials
Articles -- 1950-2000
Articles
Clippings -- 20th century
Clippings -- newspaper -- Virginia
Research
Correspondence -- 20th century
Writings
Interviews -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 2000-2020
Articles -- 1940-1980
Articles -- 1880-1940
Legislative documents
Legal records
Legal documents
Legal correspondence
Legislation (legal concepts)
Office files
Project files
Letters
Periodicals
Manuals -- 1970-1990
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Government records
Annual reports
Citation:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records, 1877-2009 (bulk 1993-2008), undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1282
See more items in:
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1282

Special Orders No. 31 [printed document]

Creator:
Department of Mississippi  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 8.5" x 7".)
Culture:
African Americans -- 19th century  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Ephemera
Date:
February 6, 1866
Scope and Contents:
Special Orders No. 31, Headquarters Department of Mississippi, Vicksburg, Miss., February 6, 1866, including orders for courts-martial. Includes an order for the postponement of the execution of James S. Roberts, and for the trial of members of the Colored Infantry (by officers of the Colored Artillery and Colored Infantry) for killing a civilian's hog.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0001205 (AC Scan No.)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 21.
Civil War Selections from the Archives Center
Related Materials:
Civil War series, Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American soldiers  Search this
Capital punishment  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Civil war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Documents
Ephemera
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Civil War
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Civil War / Government Records, Business Records, and Other / Civil War
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-civilwar-ref561

Index-digest of court-martial orders / [Dept. of the Navy, Office of the Judge Advocate General]

Title:
Index digest of court martial orders
Court-martial orders, Index-digest of
Author:
United States Navy Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 18 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--Cases  Search this
Naval offenses--Cases  Search this
Call number:
VB803 .A28
VB803.A28
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_343912

West Point of the air / retold by Eleanor Packer ; and illustrated with scenes from the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Production

Author:
Packer, Eleanor  Search this
Saunders, John Monk 1897-1940  Search this
Whitman Publishing Company  Search this
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures  Search this
Physical description:
157 pages : illustrations ; 14 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Fiction
Juvenile works
Big Little Books
Publishers' advertisements
Date:
1935
©1935
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Aircraft accidents  Search this
Flight schools  Search this
Fathers and sons  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Confidence  Search this
Call number:
PN1997.85 B4W48 1935X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1069254

Indianapolis : the true story of the worst sea disaster in U.S. naval history and the fifty-year fight to exonerate an innocent man / Lynn Vincent and Sara Vladic

Title:
True story of the worst sea disaster in U.S. naval history and the fifty-year fight to exonerate an innocent man
True story of the worst sea disaster in United States naval history and the 50-year fight to exonerate an innocent man
Author:
Vincent, Lynn  Search this
Vladic, Sara  Search this
Subject:
McVay, Charles Butler III 1898-1968 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Indianapolis (Cruiser) History  Search this
United States Navy Search and rescue operations  Search this
Physical description:
578 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Pacific Ocean
Date:
2018
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Search and rescue operations  Search this
Shipwrecks  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Judicial error  Search this
Vindication  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1096996

Military law

Issuing body:
Air Corps Primary Flying School (Brooks Field, Tex.) Department of Ground Instruction  Search this
Author:
Chaney, James Eugene 1885-1967  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Air Forces Airmen Training of  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 46 leaves ; 26 cm
Type:
Outlines, syllabi, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
1922
1927
Topic:
Military law  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1079702

The court-martial of George Armstrong Custer / Douglas C. Jones

Author:
Jones, Douglas C (Douglas Clyde) 1924-1998-  Search this
Subject:
Custer, George Armstrong 1839-1876  Search this
Physical description:
291 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Fiction
Alternative histories (Fiction)
Western stories
Date:
1976
C1976
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Trials (Military offenses)  Search this
Generals  Search this
Call number:
PS3560.O478 C68 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_804447

A hanging offense : the strange affair of the warship Somers / Buckner F. Melton, Jr

Author:
Melton, Buckner F  Search this
Subject:
Somers (Brig : 1842-1846)  Search this
Physical description:
301 p. : map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Trials (Mutiny)  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_721377

A question of loyalty : Gen. Billy Mitchell and the court-martial that gripped the nation / Douglas Waller

Author:
Waller, Douglas C  Search this
Subject:
Mitchell, William 1879-1936 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
439 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Trials (Military offenses)  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_745952

The Houston riot and courts-martial of 1917

Author:
Minton, John  Search this
Carver Community Cultural Center  Search this
University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures at San Antonio  Search this
Texas Committee for the Humanities  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Texas
Houston
United States
Houston (Tex.)
Date:
1990
[1990?]
Topic:
Riots  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
F394.H85 H68 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_693975

To strike at a king : the turning point in the McCarthy witch hunts / Michael Ranville

Author:
Ranville, Michael 1943-  Search this
Subject:
Radulovich, Milo 1927?- Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Murrow, Edward R  Search this
McCarthy, Joseph 1908-1957 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 302 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1997
C1997
20th century
Topic:
Anti-communist movements--History  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_509240

Courts-martial procedure guide : general, special, and summary courts-martial, U.S. Army

Physical description:
92 p. ; 9 x 15 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
C1938
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625.A33 C68 1938
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_522939

Organization and functions of Office of the Judge Advocate General / prepared by Office of the Judge Advocate General

Author:
United States Navy Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
United States Bureau of Naval Personnel  Search this
Subject:
United States Navy Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 132 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1961
Topic:
Judge advocates  Search this
Naval law  Search this
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Call number:
KF7347.A9 U65 1961
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_524992

A manual for courts-martial : U.S. Army / rev. in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Army, and pub. by direction of the President

Title:
Courts-martial
Author:
United States War Department  Search this
United States Army Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 341 p. : forms ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1936
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
UB853 .U55 1936
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_541526

Manual for courts-martial, United States

Title:
Manual for courts martial, United States
Author:
United States Department of Defense  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 24-28 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
1951
[1951-
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .M368
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567837

Manual for courts-martial, U.S. Army

Title:
Manual for courts martial, U.S. Army
Author:
United States Army Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 24 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
192u
1949
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .M368
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567840

Manual for courts-martial

Title:
Manual for courts martial
Author:
United States Army Office of the Judge Advocate General  Search this
United States War Department  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 17-24 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Place:
United States
Date:
192u
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Military law  Search this
Call number:
KF7625 .M368
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567841

Ungentlemanly acts : the army's notorious incest trial / Louise Barnett

Author:
Barnett, Louise K  Search this
Subject:
Geddes, Andrew 1845?-1921 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Orleman, Louis Henry 1842?-1936 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
x, 287 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Texas
San Antonio
Date:
2000
Topic:
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry  Search this
Trials (Incest)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_592160

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