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Ed King Collection of Civil Rights Material

Creator:
King, Ed  Search this
Names:
Council of Federated Organizations.  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartoons (humorous images)
Civil court records
Affidavits
Comic books
Place:
Mississippi -- 1960-1970
Date:
1961-1970.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of this collection contains affidavits and legal papers filed in civil action suits which document acts of violence committed against Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) workers between 1961 and 1964. All activity documented occurred in Mississippi, and much of the violence that occurred was inflicted by police and white civilians. Also contained in this collection are materials relating to COFO, and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, comprising a mission statement, and a document sent to the SNCC organization pertaining to voter registration of African-Americans living in Mississippi, all of which reflect the effort of the MFDP to have African-American Congressmen elected in Mississippi.

The last item in the half document box is a pamphlet entitled "Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story." Created in cartoon format, it appears to target a younger audience. The oversize box contains Civil Rights newspapers published in Mississippi. Included are issues of "The Kudzu," the "Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Newsletter," and the AMississippi Free Press."

This primary source material from COFO and MFDP help document the massive, non-violent struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi in the early 1960's. The collection confirms evidence of backlash demonstrated by intolerance and violence that occurred as a result of this struggle.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
The Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) arose from the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), founded in 1960 to coordinate student sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina and elsewhere. COFO, was organized by Robert Moses in 1961, to secure the release of Freedom Riders in Mississippi. Many COFO workers were originally members of SNCC. COFO's goal was to increase the percentage of registered African-American voters in Mississippi, from the low 7% that existed in 1964.

In the summer of 1964, COFO was a key player in the organization of the Mississippi Summer Project. Prior to the summer, many white and African-American students, primarily from the South and the Northeast, organized to lead demonstrations, and to create political awareness among the large African-American population in Mississippi. During the summer, COFO was successful in setting up "freedom schools" and community centers throughout the state. This encouraged the emergence of young leaders who would teach African-Americans to articulate their needs and discontents within the existing socio-political structure in Mississippi. This activity, however, produced a severe white backlash, and many acts of violence occurred against COFO workers. These actions, many of them police instigated, are documented in this collection through affidavits and other legal documents on civil action.

Another accomplishment of COFO was the establishment of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. The MFDP enrolled the majority of African-Americans who were systematically denied access to the delegate selection process of the regular Mississippi Democratic Party (MDP). The MFDP organized itself along the same lines, contained many of the same rules, and divided into the same Congressional districts as the MDP. MFDP's goal, however, was to contest seats in Congress traditionally held by white Mississippians, in order to create a more equal representation of the state as a whole.

Edwin King was a white Methodist minister originally from Vicksburg, MI. Although raised with a traditional Mississippi upbringing, he had the opportunity, while attending Milsap College, to work with black students from Tougaloo College. This had a profound influence on his life. When he and his wife were graduated from Milsap College in the early '50's, they attended Boston University for graduate studies in seminary and social work, respectively, and decided that they could no longer live in the South. They were conscientious objectors to the racist attitudes of their neighbors and did not want to confront them (the neighbors or the attitudes). However, this was changed by a serendipitous dinner with Reverend Abernathy. Reverend King and several others were having dinner at a black restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama when everyone in the party was arrested. From that time, Reverend King and his wife were deeply involved in the Civil Rights Movement.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ed King on September 17, 1996.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
Race relations -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
Violence -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartoons (humorous images) -- 20th century
Civil court records -- 1960-1970
Affidavits
Comic books
Citation:
Ed King Collection of Civil Rights Material, 1961-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0559
See more items in:
Ed King Collection of Civil Rights Material
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f90552e2-0954-498c-aca7-cc4fcae49bba
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0559
Online Media:

[Jackson, MS; Fall/Winter 1963]

Collection Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Item AC0556-OT_N64
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Content (continued from previous tape): Bob Moses Allard Lowenstein Reverend Ed King Aaron Henry introduced Aaron Henry Announcements

Digital reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection / Series 1: Original Tapes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8aa36bd30-c0aa-467c-a1a5-4cbd17223cd9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0556-ref92
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View [Jackson, MS; Fall/Winter 1963] digital asset number 1

Leaflet for Mississippi Freedom Summer

Created by:
Council of Federated Organizations, founded 1962  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
L x W: 8 1/2 x 3 3/4 in. (21.6 x 9.5 cm)
Type:
leaflets
Place depicted:
Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca.1964
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Freedom  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift from the Trumpauer-Mulholland Collection
Object number:
2011.109.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Mississippi Freedom Summer
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57f1c5d1a-60f4-4679-9959-2b62293e1493
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.109.3
Online Media:

Letter to Berdis Baldwin from James Baldwin

Written by:
James Baldwin, American, 1924 - 1987  Search this
Received by:
Berdis Baldwin, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 1/2 x 8 1/4 in. (29.2 x 21 cm)
Type:
letters (correspondence)
Date:
January 19, 1977
Topic:
African American  Search this
Communication  Search this
Literature  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of The Baldwin Family
Object number:
2011.99.22
Restrictions & Rights:
© James Baldwin Estate
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd538c97636-f4f7-4010-af8d-ffd3a17d5221
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.99.22
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Letter to Berdis Baldwin from James Baldwin digital asset number 1

Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection

Creator:
Koenig, Ruth  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Articles
Business records
Newsletters
Diaries
Place:
Holly Springs (Miss.) -- 1960-1970
Date:
1964-1966
Summary:
Materials related to the Civil Rights struggle, voter registration drive in Holly Springs, summer 1964: includes diaries, correspondence, business records, periodical articles, newsletters, and ephemera.
Scope and Contents:
The Ruth Koenig collection includes personal and business correspondence, pictures, and various printed material. The collection is arranged in four series as follows:

Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE: letters to/from Ruth Koenig, "The Gang," and other people.

Series 2: BUSINESS RECORDS: organizational documents pertaining to "Friends of SNCC" and the Holly Springs Project and financial records. There is also a sub-series that holds documentation concerning SNCC, which includes press releases and Mississippi incident reports from 1964.

Series 3: EPHEMERA: two diaries written by Ruth Koenig, and transcripts of two Freedom Songs.

Series 4: PRINT MEDIA: issues of various independent and local newspapers including the Student Voice and the South Reporter; also clippings pertaining to the Mississippi Summer Project from national newspapers and magazines such as the Saturday Evening Post.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1964, the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project was established by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), an alliance of four civil rights groups: the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE); and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The purpose of the Freedom Summer was to develop a unified voter registration program in Mississippi to support the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) at the National Democratic Convention in Atlantic City. Furthermore, COFO hoped to attract the government and nation's attention through the help of hundreds of predominately northern, white students.

Lasting from late June to mid-August 1964, the Freedom Summer Project was closely followed by the northern media, and grabbed the attention of the New Left. Ultimately, the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project established a black political presence in the state of Mississippi, as well as organized various programs including the Freedom Schools and Community Centers.

Ruth Koenig was a 23-year-old schoolteacher from Schenectady, New York, when she volunteered for the Mississippi Freedom Summer in Holly Springs, Mississippi. She stated that it was the 1963 Birmingham bombing which compelled her to participate in the Freedom Summer. During her three months in Mississippi, Koenig taught at the Freedom Schools, signed new members for the MFDP, and helped to organize voter registration drives. In 1966, Koenig returned to Mississippi to observe the changes she helped to generate through her participation in the Mississippi Freedom Summer. Since that time, she has worked predominately in the education field, and has continued to rally for human rights, as well as environmental and peace issues.
Related Materials:
Ruth Koenig Papers [unprocessed manuscript collection], University of Southern Mississippi, McCain Library and Archives, accession number: AM01-114.
Provenance:
The Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Collection was donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1996 by Bernice Johnson Reagon.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Human Rights -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
Political rights -- 1960-1970  Search this
Voter registration -- 1960-1970 -- Mississippi  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
State action (Civil rights) -- Mississippi  Search this
Race discrimination  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1960-1970
Articles -- 1950-2000
Business records -- 1950-2000
Newsletters -- 1960-1970
Diaries -- 20th century
Citation:
The Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection, 1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0558
See more items in:
Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Project Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep846aec35d-9c92-47c5-9143-e3b7b7ebfc74
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0558
Online Media:

Student Nonviolent Coordinating and Council of Federated Organizations

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
civil rights court action (overall description of decoration)
Measurements:
average spatial: 9 in x 14 in; x 22.86 cm x 35.56 cm
Object Name:
Sheets, Set of
ID Number:
1988.0595.01
Catalog number:
1988.0595.01
1988.595.1
Accession number:
1988.0595
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Community Life Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-58b6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1081725

Euvester Simpson Oral History Interview

Created by:
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009  Search this
Interview of:
Euvester Simpson, American, born 1946  Search this
Interviewed by:
John Dittmer Ph. D., American, born 1939  Search this
Subject of:
Fannie Lou Hamer, American, 1917 - 1977  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, American, 1960 - 1970s  Search this
Council of Federated Organizations, founded 1962  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, American, founded 1964  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 1 hr., 34 min., 46 sec.
Total: 154.31 GB
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Itta Bena, Leflore County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Racine, Wisconsin, United States, North and Central America
Charleston, Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date:
March 12, 2013
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number:
2011.174.72.1a-g
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Civil Rights History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Mississippi Freedom Summer
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd584affffa-a658-4ba2-96da-2ae96e2fbf1f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.174.72.1a-g

Luis Zapata Oral History Interview

Created by:
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009  Search this
Interview of:
Luis Zapata, 1944 - 2015  Search this
Interviewed by:
Dr. Emilye Crosby Ph. D., American  Search this
Subject of:
San José State University, American, founded 1857  Search this
United Farm Workers of America, American, founded 1962  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Labor Union, American, founded 1965  Search this
Council of Federated Organizations, founded 1962  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, American, 1960 - 1970s  Search this
Alphonso Michael "Mike" Espy, American, born 1953  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 2 hr., 2 min., 1 sec.
Total: 199.86 GB
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Silver Spring, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Orange County, California, United States, North and Central America
San Jose, Santa Clara County, California, United States, North and Central America
Cleveland, Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 27, 2013
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
American South  Search this
American West  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Humanitarianism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Social reform  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number:
2011.174.95.1a-f
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Civil Rights History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Chicano Movement / El Movimiento
African American - Latinx Solidarity
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d3d005cf-6be9-4875-a007-6def4befe4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.174.95.1a-f

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