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J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937

Creator:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Buck, Emeline  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Buck, Susan  Search this
General, Mrs.  Search this
General, Myrtle  Search this
Gibson, Simeon, 1889-1943  Search this
Hill, George  Search this
Hill, Simon  Search this
Jamieson  Search this
Jamieson, Clara Miss  Search this
Jamieson, James Mrs  Search this
Sandy, William  Search this
Sandy, William Mrs  Search this
Extent:
307 Photographs (2 document boxes, silver gelatin)
305 Negatives (3 negative boxes, nitrate)
Culture:
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Date:
circa 1897-circa 1937
Summary:
Photographs documenting Iroquois people made circa 1897-circa 1937 on and near the Six Nations Reserve by J.N.B. Hewitt, linguist with the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology.
Scope and Contents note:
Hewitt's photos primarily depict Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Oneida, and Tutelo peoples. There are also a few images of Iroquois houses and other structures, Hewitt's mask collection, and Onondaga Chief John Buck and family, Seneca Chief John Arthur Gibson and family, Cayuga Chief James Jamieson and family, and Cayuga-Seneca Chief Simeon Gibson. Most of the photographs were taken during several trips between 1897 and 1937, on and near the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario (Oshweken, Deseronto, and Brantsford), and New York (Niagara Falls, Nedrow, and Syracuse).
Arrangement note:
For Photo Lot 155 Hewitt's original arrangement and numbering has been maintained. The order of the photographs does not follow the chronology that they were taken; for instance there are often several photographs of an individual that were clearly made in different years. The original negatives also represent a variety of film and camera types.

The arrangement and numbering for MS 4596, established at an unknown time, was maintained.
Biographical note:
J.N.B. (John Napoleon Brinton) Hewitt (December 6, 1859-October 14, 1937) was a linguist and ethnographer who specialized in Iroquoian and other Native American languages. Born on the Tuscarora Reservation near Lewiston, New York, his mother was of Tuscarora, French, Oneida, and Scottish descent. His father's heritage was English and Scottish, but he was raised in a Tuscarora family. Hewitt spoke English growing up, but when he left the reservation to attend schools in Wilson and Lockport, he learned to speak the Tuscarora language from other students. Hewitt grew up planning to become a physician, like his father. However, the course of Hewitt's interests changed when, in 1880, he was hired by Erminnie A. Smith of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of Ethnology (now the Bureau of American Ethnology) as an assistant ethnologist tasked with collecting myths among the Iroquoian tribes of New York. He continued this work from 1880-1884, and then was briefly employed by the Jersey City Railways Co. (1884-1885) and Adams Express Co. (1885-1886). Upon Smith's death in 1886, Hewitt returned to the BAE to continue her work, remaining employed there until his death.

Over the course of his career, Hewitt became the leading authority on the organization of the Iroquois League and the ceremonials, customs, and usages of the tribes composing it. He acquired an intimate knowledge of the languages of the League, including a speaking knowledge of Mohawk and Onondaga, and also became acquainted with several Algonquian dialects. On February 28, 1914, in recognition of his services in preserving for posterity a knowledge of the history and ethnology of the Iroquoian people of New York state, he was awarded the Cornplanter medal for Iroquois Research.

Additionally, he was a founder of the American Anthropological Association and an active member of the Anthropological Society of Washington and the American Museum of Natural History, serving as both treasurer (1912-1926) and president (1932-1934) of the latter. Hewitt also contributed over one hundred articles for the Handbook of American Indians (Bulletin 30) and published the two volume Iroquoian Cosmology (1903 and 1928).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wampum  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Wampum -- Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 155, J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.155
See more items in:
J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38ee2f67f-149c-4cbd-8b0c-fd3fdfdedceb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-155

MS 482 Creation Myth

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
47 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1889
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 482
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 482, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS482
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32259e116-40ae-4862-a954-039e51602391
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms482
Online Media:

MS 2201 The myth of Haon hwendja wa khon', the Earth Grasper Iroquoian Cosmology

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
660 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2201
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2201, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2201
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3303277c9-a2c2-42b1-baec-19ce575195a9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2201

MS 3693 Notes on Iroquoian Cosmology

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
12 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents:
One page of text on White Dog Sacrifice.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3693
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3693, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3693
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d9fba6c5-c9ed-4679-a867-93c2bd021720
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3693

MS 2336 The myth of Haon hwendja khon, or The Earth Grasper

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
390 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Carbon copy of final text of manuscript on Iroquois cosmology. Also revised text, 134 pages. Original in Number 2201.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2336
Local Note:
See 43rd Annual Report.
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2336, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2336
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f5fa53b5-9ef0-4cf3-b542-07a1977fe555
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2336
Online Media:

MS 427 "Creation Myth" and "Cosmogonic Myth in Onondaga"

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Jones, Abbet  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1888-1889, 1897
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 427
General:
Previously titled "Creation and Cosmogonic (translation) Myths."
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 427, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS427
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3525d7f8a-4051-4e6f-8551-92c4763117cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms427

MS 464 Onondaga Cosmologic Legend

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
75 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
October 1896
Scope and Contents:
Text, with partial interlinear translation.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 464
Topic:
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 464, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS464
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw340a79398-292e-429a-8494-31cd247c2e7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms464

Iroquoian cosmology (first part) by J.N.B. Hewitt ..

Author:
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937  Search this
Physical description:
1 p. l., p. 127-360. pl. LXIV-LXIX. 31 cm
Type:
Texts
Date:
1904
Topic:
Religion and Mytholoy  Search this
Onondaga language--Texts  Search this
Seneca language--Texts  Search this
Mohawk language  Search this
Call number:
E99.I7H57
E99 I7H57
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_290666

Iroquoian cosmology. Second part / by J.N.B. Hewitt

Author:
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937  Search this
Physical description:
p. 451-819 ; 30 cm
Type:
Texts
Date:
1928
Topic:
Religion  Search this
Onondaga language  Search this
Call number:
E99.I7 H57 pt.2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_914200

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