A panel discussion sponsored by the Archives of American Art at the Founders Luncheon and Museum Panel, held at the Beverly Hills Hotel, 1986 February 13. The participants were Richard Koshalek, director of the Museum of Contemporary Art; Earl A. Powell, Director of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Robert Middlekauff, Director of the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. Paul Karlstrom is moderator.
Moderator Paul Karlstrom introduces the topic and panelists; identifies differences between the three institutions, the appeal of blockbuster shows, and with references to an article by Mortibello of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, questions whether a museum can successfully balance scholarship and interpretation; the high cost of research and programming; and the shift to temporary exhibitions.
Koshalek discusses how MOCA continues to look for a balance as a new organization and their decision to start with temporary exhibits to build an audience and collection. Middlekauff discusses the Huntington as a research institution and its policy to not loan books and papers and the impact then on hosting only temporary exhibits, and the parallel to problems universities face in funding programming. Powell discusses the benefits of blockbuster exhibits, the need to integrate scholarship, and the problems in corporate sponsorships.
Originally recorded on 1 sound cassette. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hrs., 3 min.
Funding for the digital preservation of this recording was provided by a grant from the Save America's Treasures Program of the National Park Service.
Series 6, Renderings/Drawings document floats as they appeared in a conceptual state. Each rendering varies in size from several inches to several feet wide and were realized on an assortment of paper sources that varied in both weight and durability (tissue, tracing paper, vellum, posterboard, etc). The artwork was created utilizing an assortment of mediums including acrylic paint, pastels, watercolors, markers, pens, etc.
In most cases, it is possible to connect a rendering with a float as it appeared in the parade. Often the float mirrors the rendering exactly as it was conceived however, in most instances, slight modifications were made. Every attempt was made to identify all renderings, but it was not always possible for a number of reasons: 1) there was not enough information on the renderings to connect it with either a year or a sponsor. 2) The concept was never produced, it remained a concept only. 3) The concept was markedly different from the realization making it unrecognizable when it appeared in the parade. 4) The renderings were destroyed by weather related damage, mold, etc and had to be destroyed before it arrived at the Archives Center. 5) The float may have been in the parade but there was no existing photographic record to help identify it.
Both national and regional corporate sponsorship can be seen throughout the renderings. Longstanding national corporations like Coca-Cola, McDonalds, Kodak, Coppertone, Anheuser-Busch, Sears, etc. were an annual part of the festivities as were regional businesses like The Miami Herald, Southern Bell and Winn Dixie. Many of the renderings have been developed without a sponsor in mind; some, however, have been cultivated specifically for corporate sponsorship. In most cases, sponsors supported the proposed float and patronage can be verified throughout corresponding photographs. In some instances, however, the proposed float was never realized, may have changed patrons, been rejected by the supporter in favor of another float or the sponsor may have withdrawn from that year's festivities altogether. It should be noted that the renderings document float concepts for several companies that no longer exist, including Margaret Ann Grocery, Jordan Marsh, Eastern Airlines, etc.
Throughout the history of the parade, several artists contributed to production of the renderings, the most prominent being Stanley Burger. Burger, a former engineer from New York, started out by designing nuclear submarines for the U.S. Government. Later, he moved to Florida where he began designing sets for the Jackie Gleason Theater of Performing Arts in Miami Beach and eventually settled into being the official float designer for the Orange Bowl committee in the early 1970s.
Every effort was made to identify other artists involved with the production of the renderings either before or after Burger but a lack of information on these artists made it difficult.
Collection is open for research.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Orange Bowl Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary Search this
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
This accession consists of records documenting the administrative activities of Albert G. Horvath during his tenure as Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
(January-June 2015), and the records of David J. Skorton, Secretary (July-December 2015). The records document issues with regard to the Institution's museums, exhibitions,
research, fundraising, programs, and special events. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, and notes; budget summaries; contracts; reports; meeting agendas and minutes;
policies and guidelines; information about gifts, wills, awards, personnel management, committees, publications, corporate sponsorship, members of Congress, and the Board
of Regents; event schedules; speech papers; invitations; photographs; brochures; articles; and newspaper clippings. Listings in bold indicate both the topic of folder contents
and major subheadings from the Secretary's office file plan. Some materials are in electronic format.
Restricted for 15 years. until Jan-01-2031; Transferring office; 3/19/1970 memorandum, Lytle to Ripley; Contact reference staff for details.
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after
approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no
manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead.
Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from
1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called
the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the
Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of
Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives;
two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents
of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded
to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice
since that time.
The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A.
Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard
Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas
R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A.
Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.
Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White,
William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.
Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell,
Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin,
Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey,
Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull,
Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.
Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth,
Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel
Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton,
Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce,
Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R.
Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards
Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.
Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George
Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings,
John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward
H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius
Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley,
John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston
Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton
Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton,
Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson,
Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
National Portrait Gallery. Administrative Office Search this
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
This accession consists of materials that were assembled by Barbara Hart, Executive Officer, and Eloise Harvey, Administrative Services Assistant, to document the administrative
aspects of special initiatives undertaken by the National Portrait Gallery from 1982 to 1988. These initiatives include corporate sponsorship of special projects and events;
a barter agreement; major purchases of artwork; grant applications; and loan exhibitions. Documentation of these initiatives consists of contracts; financial and narrative
reports; budget estimates; correspondence and memoranda; appraisals; and financial forms such as invoices, requisitions, vouchers, and purchase orders.