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Hootenany at Carnegie Hall, Reel 4

Performer:
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Seeger, Mike, 1933-2009  Search this
Producer:
Sing Out Corporation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
New York
Tennessee
Virginia
Contents:
Guy Carawan--Russian war song--Chinese song; Mike and Pete Seeger--Bury me beneath the willow; Pete Seeger--Wimoweh; Guy and Pete--Keep your hand on the plow
Track Information:
101 Russian War Song / Guy Carawan. Guitar.

102 Chinese Song (Mao Tse-Tung) / Guy Carawan. Flute.

103 Bury Me Beneath the Willow / Mike Seeger, Pete Seeger. Banjo.

104 Wimoweh / Pete Seeger. Banjo.

105 Keep Your Hand on the Plow / Guy Carawan, Pete Seeger. Banjo.
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-1884
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: New York, United States, September 19, 1957.
General:
CDR copy- Disc 329
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Flute  Search this
Banjo  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-1884
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5611a80ec-d420-4903-bc71-fc1c32bb6c12
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref20303

Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair

Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
130 Cubic feet (417 boxes, 25 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Souvenirs
Photographs
Pamphlets
Guidebooks
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters
Place:
Flushing Meadows Park (New York, N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1835-2000, undated
Summary:
Collection documents the 1939 New York World's Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York. Also includes material relating to other fairs, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO), New York City tourism and The Walt Disney Company.
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily documents the conception, planning, construction, management, and operations of the 1939 New York World's Fair located in Flushing Meadows, New York. Materials provide historical context and cultural significance as recorded in publications, artwork, photographs, ephemera, postcards, maps, plans, exhibitor's literature, souvenirs, and motion picture film. Most of the materials were primarily created for people who attended the fair. Some of the materials include scrapbooks created by fair visitors to document their experiences. There is a significant amount of material relating to other fairs, New York tourism, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society. Other forms of entertainment such as festivals, the Olympic games, and Disney World are also found among these materials. There is little information relating to Edward Orth's personal and professional life as a city planner. The collection is arranged into eleven series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eleven series.

Series 1, Edward J. Orth Personal Papers, 1915-1989, undated

Subseries 1.1, Correspondence, 1939-1989

Subseries 1.2, Other Materials, 1915-1989, undated

Series 2, Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and World's Fair Collector's Society, Incorporated Records, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.1, General Information, 1960-1988, undated

Subseries 2.2, Correspondence, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.3, Classified and Wanted Advertisements, 1956-1988, undated

Subseries 2.4, Financial Records, 1976-1989

Subseries 2.5, Newsletters, 1969-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6, Membership Materials, 1970s-1989, undated

Series 3, New York World's Fair, Incorporated Records, 1900-1988, undated

Subseries 3.1, Administrative Files, 1900-1977, undated

Subseries 3.2, Amusement Zone, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 3.3, Communications and Business Systems Zone, 1939-1965, undated

Subseries 3.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1949, undated

Subseries 3.5, Food Zone, 1939-1975

Subseries 3.6, Government Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.7, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.8, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.9, Ephemera, 1938-1988, undated

Series 4, Photographic Materials, 1939-1968, undated

Subseries 4.1, General, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.2, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.3, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.4, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.5, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.6, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.7, Government Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.10, Miscellaneous, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.11, Oversize Photographs, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.12, Color Slides, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.13, Color Transparencies, 1940-1942, undated

Subseries 4.14, Edward Orth, 1967-1968

Series 5, Scrapbooks, 1938-1981

Series 6, Postcards, 1906-1985, undated

Subseries 6.1, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.2, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.3, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.5, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.6, Government Zone, International, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.7, Government Zone, Federal and States, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.10, General, 1940, undated

Subseries 6.11, By Type, 1906-1985, undated

Series 7, Publications Related to World's Fairs, 1922-1989, undated

Subseries 7.1, Magazines, 1922-1988, undated

Subseries 7.2, Newspaper Articles, 1935-1989, undated

Subseries 7.3, Other Publications, 1937-1989, undated

Subseries 7.4, Other Subjects, 1962-1989

Series 8, Materials Relating to Other Fairs, 1851-2000, undated

Subseries 8.1, Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or Crystal Palace Exhibition, 1851

Subseries 8.2, Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, 1853-1853

Subseries 8.3, International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine or Centennial International Exhibition, 1876

Subseries 8.4, World's Columbian Exposition or Chicago World's Fair, 1893

Subseries 8.5, Exposition Internationale D'Anvers, Antwerp, Belgium

Subseries 8.6, Tennessee Centennial and International Exposition, 1897

Subseries 8.7, Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898

Subseries 8.8, Expositions, 1901

Subseries 8.9, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1906

Subseries 8.10, Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, 1907

Subseries 8.11, Alaska, Yukon, Pacific Exposition, 1909

Subseries 8.12, Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916

Subseries 8.13, Bronx International Exposition of Science, Arts, and Industries, 1918

Subseries 8.14, Sesquicentennial Exposition, 1926

Subseries 8.15, Barcelona International Exposition, 1929

Subseries 8.16, L'Exposition Coloniale, Paris, 1931

Subseries 8.17, Olympics, 1932

Subseries 8.18, A Century of Progress International Exposition, 1933

Subseries 8.19, Expositions, 1933-1935

Subseries 8.20, Expositions, 1936-1937

Subseries 8.21, Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne, 1937

Subseries 8.22, Golden Gate International Exposition, 1939

Subseries 8.23, Festival of Britain, Britain, London, United Kingdom, 1951

Subseries 8.24, Milan Fair, 1955

Subseries 8.25, Exposition Universelle et venti Internationale de Bruxelles, 1958

Subseries 8.26, American National Exhibition, 1959

Subseries 8.27, New York's World Fair, 1961-1977, undated

Subseries 8.28, Century 21 Exhibition, 1961-1962

Subseries 8.29, International and Universal Exposition or Expo 67, 1967

Subseries 8.30, Long Beach, California, 1967-1968

Subseries 8.31, HemisFair 68, 1968

Subseries 8.32, Expo 70 or Japan World Exposition, 1970

Subseries 8.33, Expo 74 or International Exposition on the Environment

Subseries 8.34, Expo 75 or International Ocean Exposition, 1975

Subseries 8.35, American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976, 1976

Subseries 8.36, Queen's Bicentennial Festival, 1975-1976

Subseries 8.37, Plovdiv International Exhibition of 1981 or Expo 81

Subseries 8.38, Kobe Port Island Exposition or Portopia 81, 1981

Subseries 8.39, Knoxville International Energy Exposition or 1982 World's Fair, 1982

Subseries 8.40, Louisiana World Exposition, 1984

Subseries 8.41, Games of the XXIII Olympiad, 1984

Subseries 8.42, The International Exposition, Tsukuba, Japan or The International Science Technology Exposition, 1985

Subseries 8.43, Queen's Festival, 1985

Subseries 8.44, 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication or Expo 86, 1986

Subseries 8.45, World Expo 88, 1988

Subseries 8.46, Universal Exposition of Seville or Expo 92, 1992

Subseries 8.47, Expo 2000, 2000

Subseries 8.48, Other Events and Celebrations, 1886-1989

Subseries 8.49, Combined Fairs, 1968-1994

Subseries 8.50, General information about world's fairs, 1964-1980

Series 9, Ephemera, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.1, New York and New York World's Fair, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.2, Other States and Countries, 1835, 1939, undated

Subseries 9.3, Motion Picture Film and Entertainment, 1937-1981, undated

Series 10, Audio Visual Materials, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.1, Moving Images, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.2, Sound Recordings, undated

Series 11, Oversize, 1835-1992, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Biographical / Historical

Edward Joseph Orth grew up with a strong interest in history, particularly the history of the 1939 New York World's Fair. Orth's visit to the fair as a twelve-year-old boy led to a life-long passion of collecting. At the time of his death, he had amassed enough materials to fill two homes in California. Orth also collected materials from several other fairs. In addition, he saved some of the records of the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society.

Orth was born April 19, 1927, to Andrew Joseph Orth and Florence Minnie Gordon Orth in Glendale, New York. In the 1930s, the Orth family lived in several locations in New York including Ridgewood, Brooklyn, Glendale, and Queens. The home that made the most impact in young Orth's life came in 1935 when the family moved to St. Albans, Queens seven miles from Flushing Meadow Park, the future site of the 1939 fair. Sadly in 1939 there were several deaths in the family including three grandparents. The severe loss of life limited family social activities but a drive by the future site of the fair provided Orth a glimpse of the Trylon and Perisphere. He would later remark that the sight appeared to be magic. In the summer of 1939, he went to the fair with his classmates from Public School 136. The next summer Orth and his father purchased a 10-admission ticket from an elementary school in Hollis, Queens, New York. He saved every souvenir and any information he could find about the fair. He filled scrapbooks with images from newspapers and postcards from the Curt Teich and Manhattan Postcard companies. When his family moved from an apartment to a house, he acquired a fair bench which was kept in the backyard.

In 1941, Orth attended Newton High School in Elmhurst, and Queens, New York. The high school offered a college preparatory program with heavy emphasis on mathematics, science, mechanical drawing, and workshop courses. Orth's education and training combined with the knowledge he gained from motion picture films viewed at the fair, including Thomas Edison's "The City of Light," Ford Motor Company's "Road of Tomorrow," "Democracy," and General Motors' "Futurama" provided the foundation and inspiration for a career in architecture and landscaping. He ultimately became a city planner for the state of California. By 1943, Orth was exploring used magazine and bookstores in New York City to acquire more fair materials before enlisting in the United States Army in 1945. Upon his discharge he resumed buying and trading fair postcards. From 1948-1953, Orth attended the University of California and the University of Connecticut where he studied architecture and landscape design. During these years he posted advertisements in various publications in his continued pursue for fair materials.

In March 1953, Mr. Orth moved to Los Angeles, California. There he formed lasting friendships with other collectors. By 1967, Orth and several of his closest friends including Peter Warner, Oscar Hengstler, David Oats, Larry Zim, and Ernest Weidhaas conceived the idea of a fair collector's organization. By the summer of 1968, the group had formally created the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO).

As time passed Orth became increasing concerned about the welfare of his collection. He wanted it to go to a museum rather than be sold in parts. In his will he stipulated that the collection would be given to the Smithsonian Institution upon his death. Jon Zackman, former Smithsonian employee, interviewed Orth's brother George and fair collector Peter Warner. Orth and Warner corresponded and traded objects over many years. Mr. Orth primarily covered the west coast area while Peter Warner was his east coast counterpart. Edward Orth died on September 6,1989 in Los Angeles, California at the age of sixty-two.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0134

Landor Design Collection, NMAH.AC.0500

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subject Category, World Expos, NMAH.AC.0060

Larry Zim World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0519

Alice R. Hillis World's Fair Film, NMAH.AC.0531

Borden Company 1939 New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.1063

Memories of the New York World's Fair, NMAH.AC.0592

Archives Center World Expositions Collection, NMAH.AC.0825

Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0745

Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection, NMAH.AC.1132

Princeton University Posters Collection, NMAH.AC.0433

Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records, NMAH.AC.0395

Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, NMAH.AC.0417

Messmore and Damon Company Records, NMAH.AC.0846

Thomas Norrell Railroad Collection, NMAH.AC.1174

William L. Bird Holidays on Display Collection, NMAH.AC.1288

Wurlitzer Company Records, NMAH.AC.0469

Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, NMAH.AC.0200

Materials at Other Organizations

New York Public Library The New York World's Fair 1939 and 1940 Incorporated Records, 1935-1945, MssCol 2233.

New York City 1939 World's Fair architectural drawings, circa 1935. Museum of the City of New York. Museum of the City of New York.

New York City 1939 World's Fair Collection, 1939-1940. Museum of the City of New York. New York World's Fair 1939/40 Collection. Queens Museum.

1939 New York World's Fair Postcards, Identifier: 1972-320, Audiovisual Collections Repository, Hagley Museum & Library
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts from the collection include several thousand souvenirs and examples of memorabilia commemorating the fair to include buttons and badges, ceramics, glassware, clothing, costume jewelry, coins and medals, commemorative spoons and flatware, toys and games, and philatelic material which are all part of the Division of Home and Community Life's holdings (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Amusement parks--History  Search this
Amusement parks--New York (State)--History  Search this
Architecture--Exhibitions  Search this
Architecture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Architecture--United States--Designs and plans  Search this
Burlesque shows--New York (State)--New York--1930-1940  Search this
Business history Business enterprises--United States--History  Search this
Chicago's Century of Progress  Search this
Construction and civil engineering  Search this
Construction industry--United States--Management--History  Search this
Corporate culture--History  Search this
Corporate culture--United States  Search this
Engineering--History--20th century  Search this
Exhibition buildings – New York (State) – New York  Search this
Exhibition buildings--1920-1940  Search this
Exhibitions -- Design  Search this
Fairs -- New York (State) -- New York -- History  Search this
Fashion--History--20th century  Search this
Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (New York, N.Y.)--History  Search this
Food in popular culture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Graphic arts--United States--History--20th century  Search this
International exhibitions  Search this
International Exhibitions Bureau  Search this
Lighting, Architectural and decorative--History--20th century  Search this
Technology -- United States -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Transportation--New York Metropolitan Area--Planning  Search this
Transportation--New York (State)  Search this
United States --Foreign relations --1933-1945  Search this
Urban parks--United States--History  Search this
Urban design  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- United States  Search this
Consumerism  Search this
Consumers--History--20th century  Search this
General Motors Corporation  Search this
Grand Central Parkway extension  Search this
Organizational behavior--United States--History  Search this
Public relations--History  Search this
New York World's Fair Commission  Search this
Queens (New York, N.Y.) Buildings, structures, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Souvenirs -- 1930-1940
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Pamphlets -- 1930-1940
Guidebooks -- 1930-1940
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera -- 20th century
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters -- 1930-1940
Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0560
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep808504c62-92bb-48b1-8a76-f9d279516c33
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0560
Online Media:

Knife blade

Culture/People:
probably Alaskan Eskimo (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Knife blade
Media/Materials:
Nephrite
Techniques:
Ground, drilled
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Bristol Bay; Bristol Bay Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Date created:
AD 1600–1800
Catalog Number:
10/1836
Barcode:
101836.000
See related items:
Alaskan Eskimo (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws644e817b0-7315-4245-8086-98d45982b53e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_109978
Online Media:

Tobacco/Quid box and lid

Culture/People:
Kuskwogmiut Yup'ik (Kuskokwim Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco/Quid box and lid
Media/Materials:
Wood, ivory, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Carved, inlaid, drilled, tied
Dimensions:
5.5 x 5 x 5 cm
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Lower Kuskokwim Bay; Kuskokwim Bay; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Date created:
circa 1870
Catalog Number:
2/379
Barcode:
020379.000
See related items:
Kuskwogmiut Yup'ik (Kuskokwim Eskimo)
Pipes and Smoking
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Arctic & Subarctic
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws626ae9b8d-d03a-4652-b401-0fbfad06e88b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21582
Online Media:

Tobacco container

Culture/People:
probably Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco container
Media/Materials:
Wood, animal gut/intestines, ivory
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/380
Barcode:
020380.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f3c9acda-5b48-4116-9d2a-1c5624985a3e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21583
Online Media:

Earrings

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Earrings
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Chalit; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/383
Barcode:
020383.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6714d9cca-8981-45f8-9f34-19d50c30ce6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21586
Online Media:

Awl

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Awl
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Incised
Dimensions:
10.2 cm
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Cape Vancouver; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Date created:
1880-1890
Catalog Number:
2/388
Barcode:
020388.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws629537966-122d-401b-b541-5350f6a68d9a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21591
Online Media:

Belt hook for sewing kit

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Belt hook for sewing kit
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Place:
Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/394
Barcode:
020394.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68547fd8c-34df-4d1d-aff8-61828f75a972
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21597
Online Media:

Knife/Dagger

Culture/People:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]  Search this
Collector:
William H. Dall (William Healey Dall), Non-Indian, 1845-1927  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Knife/Dagger
Media/Materials:
Wood, antler, iron point
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Place:
Nunivak Island; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Nunivak Island
Catalog Number:
2/399
Barcode:
020399.000
See related items:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f45631ab-e95d-4647-b542-5d2c40fc9977
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21602
Online Media:

Snuff box

Culture/People:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Snuff box
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Nunivak Island; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Nunivak Island
Catalog Number:
2/403
Barcode:
020403.000
See related items:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws614ee40dc-c89c-4f22-886f-fbf6be6b0542
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21606
Online Media:

Bag handle

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Bag handle
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Incised, perforated
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Near Marshall (Fortuna Ledge Post Office); Sabotniska Island, Yukon River; Uglovaia (Sabotnisky); Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Island Name:
Sabotnisky Island
Catalog Number:
2/415
Barcode:
020415.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws695846af5-356e-46ae-8bd7-94cd3295088b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21618
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
16.8 x 3 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Chalit; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/421
Barcode:
020421.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fe90ef8b-91fd-4b26-b429-d9dd22beb47f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21624
Online Media:

Arrow

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Edward W. Nelson (Edward William Nelson/E.W. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1855-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Arrow
Media/Materials:
Wood, animal bone, feather/feathers, sinew
Techniques:
Barbed
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Point Romanof; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/435
Barcode:
020435.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b32be4c4-0bd2-49bc-b350-8c7d1e9eecf3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21639
Online Media:

Finger/Hand mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Captain Samuel Applegate, Non-Indian, 1854-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Finger/Hand mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, feather/feathers
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Togiak River; Bristol Bay Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/443
Barcode:
020443.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6737e4878-db66-41d9-adf6-d3683bbeb48f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21647
Online Media:

Finger/Hand mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Captain Samuel Applegate, Non-Indian, 1854-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Finger/Hand mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, feather/feathers
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Togiak River; Bristol Bay Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/443
Barcode:
020443.001
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6131b3b77-be09-450c-bc8d-27e1914abeab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21648
Online Media:

Bow

Culture/People:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]  Search this
Possible collector:
Captain Joseph W. Collins, Non-Indian, 1839-1904  Search this
United States Fish Commission (United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries/U.S. Fish Commission), 1871-1902  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Bow
Media/Materials:
Wood, sinew
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Nunivak Island; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Nunivak Island
Catalog Number:
2/449
Barcode:
020449.000
See related items:
Nunivagmiut Cup'ik [Nunivak Island]
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63dceeb72-2376-45de-afa2-e072f618b019
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21723
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Captain Samuel Applegate, Non-Indian, 1854-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
U.S. National Museum (United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, hair
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Togiak River; Bristol Bay Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
2/460
Barcode:
020460.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69e9420a3-6d73-4246-a59a-6ad9c8f9c8f9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21884
Online Media:

Lamp

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Frank H. Waskey (Frank Hinman Waskey), Non-Indian, 1875-1964  Search this
Major J. A. L. Möller (Jacob A.L. Möller/Monty Möller), Non-Indian, 1883-1957  Search this
Previous seller:
Frank H. Waskey (Frank Hinman Waskey), Non-Indian, 1875-1964  Search this
Donor:
Major J. A. L. Möller (Jacob A.L. Möller/Monty Möller), Non-Indian, 1883-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Lamp
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Togiak; Bristol Bay Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
21/3390
Barcode:
213390.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bdd0bb32-91ea-4d2d-87f1-4c88cc82ab5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_227725
Online Media:

Flying blind the 737 MAX tragedy and the fall of Boeing Peter Robison

Title:
737 MAX tragedy and the fall of Boeing
Author:
Robison, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Boeing Company Management  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 327 pages 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
2021
Topic:
Boeing 737 (Jet transport)--Accidents  Search this
Aircraft industry--Management  Search this
Aircraft industry--Employees  Search this
Corporate culture  Search this
Organizational Culture  Search this
Boeing 737 (Avions de transport à réaction)--Accidents  Search this
Industrie aéronautique--Gestion  Search this
Industrie aéronautique--Personnel  Search this
Culture d'entreprise  Search this
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economics / General  Search this
Management  Search this
Boeing 737 (Jet transport)  Search this
Airplane industry  Search this
Corporations--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1154927

Records of Wedge Innovations

Interviewer:
Shayt, David H.  Search this
Creator:
Wedge Innovations  Search this
Extent:
13 Cubic feet (28 boxes, 5 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Notebooks
Oral histories (document genres)
Audiotapes
Financial records
Financial statements
Interviews
Correspondence
Photographs
Drawings
Advertisements
Date:
1985-1996
Summary:
The records of Wedge Innovations document the invention and development of a new hand tool, the SmartLevel, an electronic builder's level; also included are company management and policies.
Scope and Contents:
The SmartLevel story gives excellent insight into the life cycle of a small Silicon valley start-up in the 1980s. SmartLevel's creator, Wedge Innovations, established a market for a new product, achieved national distribution, off-shore manufacturing, and product licensing, before going out of business due to pressure from profit-hungry venture capitalists.

The records of Wedge Innovations is a "tool biography" that documents the invention and development of a new hand tool, the SmartLevel, an electronic builder's level first conceived in 1985 by Andrew Butler. The SmartLevel Collection is divided into seven series: Corporate Records, Engineering Records, Financial Records, Marketing Records, Operations Records, Product Development Records, and Corporate Culture, reflecting both the organizational structure of Wedge Innovations and the company's working environment.

Series 1, Corporate Records, 1985-1993, address the overall management of Wedge Innovations and document its policies, especially through the company's annual business plans, 1986-1992, and the monthly reports prepared for the Board of Directors' meetings, 1989-1992. This series also details the workings of each department through weekly departmental reports. The staff meetings files, July-November 1989, February 1990-November 1992, are particularly useful for understanding the day-to-day operation of the company.

Series 2, Engineering Records, 1985-1993, document the design and development of the SmartLevel from its conception in 1985 as the WedgeLevel, through its production as the SmartLevel in 1989, and through its refinement into the Pro SmartLevel and the Series 200 SmartLevel in 1991. The design process is particularly well documented through Andrew Butler's and Kevin Reeder's design notebooks and through the detailed technical drawings done by Butler, Reeder, and Ronald Wisnia. Also well documented are the efforts made to solve the many problems associated with the development and quality control of the electronic sensor module that was the heart of the SmartLevel.

Series 3, Financial Records, 1985-1992, include Wedge's summary financial statements from 1985 to 1992.

Series 4, Marketing Records, 1986-1992, document customer and dealer relations through marketing department correspondence, operational records, and advertising campaigns. This series is particularly rich in promotional material (1988-1992), such as advertisements, advertising copy, photographs, product promotion plans, and videotapes that demonstrate the varied features and uses of the products.

Series 5, Operations Records, 1990-1993, document the manufacturing process and the Company's offshore operations.

Series 6, Product Development Records, 1986-1993, document the company's intended development of an entire "Smart Tools" line.

Series 7, Corporate Culture, 1985-1996, contains employee photographs and oral history interviews with key Wedge personnel conducted in 1995 and 1996 by David Shayt, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History. The interviews discuss the background of the participants, the company's origins and history, product development, the Silicon Valley context, and the efforts of Wedge Innovations successor firm, SmartTool Technologies.
Arrangement:
The collection organized into seven series.

Series 1, Corporate Records, 1985-1993

Series 2, Engineering Records, 1985-1993

Series 3, Financial Records, 1985-1992

Series 4, Marketing Records, 1986-1992

Series 5, Operations Records, 1990-1993

Series 6, Product Development Records, 1986-1993

Series 7, Corporate Culture, 1985-1996
Biographical / Historical:
Andrew G. Butler (b. 1955), the founder of Wedge Innovations exhibited an interest in building construction and an entrepreneurial spirit early in life. From age 12 to 17 he built a boat that he then sailed alone from California to Tahiti, where he spent several years as an independent carpenter and building contractor. After returning to the United States, he earned a B.S. degree in electromechanical engineering from Stanford University (1983) and became a software specialist for Bechtel Construction. In 1985, he conceived of an idea for an electronic carpenter's level that could read a range of angles. Butler formed Wedge Innovations in 1986. He worked in the basement of his home in order to develop and market this level, selling his boat to finance the venture. He hired Marilyn Crowell as his secretary and Robert Nagle and Dan Kellogg as engineers. This company developed the sensor technology and software necessary to build the company's first product, the WedgeLevel. The heart of this tool was an electronic sensor circuit connected to a microprocessor capable of measuring the tool's orientation. This sensor module fit into an ergonomically-designed teak rail with anodized aluminum edges jointly developed by Butler, engineering design consultant Kevin Reeder, and engineer Ronald Wisnia.

In 1987, Wedge moved to Santa Clara to begin manufacturing the WedgeLevel. The transition from a research and development concern to a manufacturing company proved difficult, due to manufacturing and financial difficulties. It was difficult to obtain a reliable yet inexpensive source of teak for the rails, designs for a plastic composite and aluminum rail were developed, while offshore manufacturing of the sensor components was established. Overarching all concerns was the persistent difficulty of obtaining sufficient investment capital. While managing his growing company, Butler also began planning for a line of hand tools that combined microelectronics and user-oriented, ergonomic design. In 1988, the company changed the name of its product to SmartLevel in order to emphasize the company's proposed line of Smart Tools. That same year, the company adopted a new corporate logo, a stylized W with a red wedge, signaling its growing maturity. Promotion of the product also began through demonstrations of the prototype done by consultant building contractor, Rick Feffer.

In January 1989, the SmartLevel prototype was launched at the National Association of Home Builders Show in Atlanta, Georgia. The favorable publicity generated by this launch and by the company's media campaign generated many orders. To supply these orders, Wedge moved to larger quarters in Sunnyvale on April 1, 1989. In June 1989, Wedge gained further publicity by donating several SmartLevels to a Habitat for Humanity project in Milwaukee, where former president Jimmy Carter used one. Although Wedge expected to ship the first SmartLevels in July 1989, there were considerable delays in manufacturing. In particular, there were stability and performance problems with the sensor, which engineer Ken Gunderson was brought in to remedy. The sensor module was re-engineered to be more rugged and the level was redesigned with a plastic composite and aluminum rail. The new level, known as the Pro SmartLevel, was intended for the professional construction market. The first SmartLevels were shipped on September 5, 1989.

In 1990, patents were granted to Andrew Butler, Donald G. Green, and Robert E. Nagle for an inclinometer sensor circuit and to Butler and Ronald Wisnia for a carpenter's level design. That same year, Brian Bayley joined Wedge as Vice-president for Engineering, and Edwin "Win" Seipp joined as Project Manager - DIY SmartLevel. Seipp's responsibility was to develop a low-cost, "do-it-yourself" version of the SmartLevel, which was eventually called the Series 200 SmartLevel. This level had an all-aluminum rail and a non-removable sensor.

In September 1990, the company moved to San Jose and by 1991 had over 60 employees. Although sales continued to grow and name recognition of the product was quite strong, Wedge had difficulty meeting the expectations of its investors. Butler entered into financial negotiations with the Macklanburg-Duncan Corporation, a large-scale manufacturer of hand tools, to seek investment in his company. These negotiations led in November 1992 to the acquisition of Wedge by Macklanburg-Duncan, which dissolved all but Wedge's engineering section. Macklanburg-Duncan today manufactures a "SmartTool" level, while Butler co-owns D2M (Design To Market), a company that develops new product ideas for the market.

SmartLevel Chronology

1992 -- Butler negotiates with Macklanburg-Duncan for a merger to save Wedge. In the midst of the negotiations, Butler is fired by his Board of Directors. Butler regains control of Wedge three months later, fires the replacement president, and sells Wedge outright to Macklanburg-Duncan, which dissolves all but the engineering functions of Wedge.

1991 -- Wedge sponsors a "New Product Development Conference," where numerous designs for new hand tools are worked on. SmartLevel sales and name recognition grows but not quickly enough to meet overhead expenses of new facility or investors' demands.

1990 -- Yet more redesign work, both in-house and with Kevin Reeder, who also develops idea for "SmartTube" carrying case (not built). Patents granted to Andy Butler et al. for inclinometer sensor circuit and carpenter's level design. Wedge hires Brian Bayley as vice-president for engineering to develop a low-cost model of the SmartLevel. The all-aluminum Series 200 SmartLevel is born. Wedge moves to larger facilities in San Jose.

1989 -- SmartLevel launched at National Association of Home Builders show in January. Good press coverage, but cannot meet orders. More publicity from Habitat for Humanity project when former President Jimmy Carter uses a SmartLevel. But stability and performance problems plague sensor. More redesign work results in more rugged Pro SmartLevel. The first SmartLevels shipped on September 5, 1989.

1987-1988 -- Wedge moves to Santa Clara; intends to begin manufacturing and todevelop an entire line of "Smart Tools" but encounters financial and engineering difficulties; Wedge consults with independent design engineer, Kevin Reeder, on level design. Intensive redesign effort develops the SmartLevel, made of plastic and aluminum rail.

1986 -- Wedge Innovations founded in the basement of Butler's house; basic sensor design worked out; teak & aluminum WedgeLevel developed.

1985 -- Idea for electronic carpenter's level formulated by Andy Butler.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History contains artifacts related to the SmartLevel Collection. These include five SmartLevels (Accession #1991.0823; 1996.0284; 1996.0285; 1996.0288; and 1996.0289). They are an original teak WedgeLevel, a Pro SmartLevel, a Series 200 SmartLevel, a Bosch version of the SmartLevel, and a Macklanburg-Duncan SmartTool level. There are also four sensor modules (torpedo levels), two sensors, two carrying cases, one cap, one tee shirt, and one wooden puzzle with the inscription "The World Isn't Just Level and Plumb."
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Andrew Butler, SmartLevel inventor and company founder, Brian Bayley, Vice-President for engineering at Wedge Innovations from 1989-1992, and Kevin Reeder, an independent industrial designer, 1995-1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Product demonstrations -- 1980-2000  Search this
Technological innovations -- Hand tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Electronics -- Tools and implements -- 1980-2000  Search this
Industrial design -- 1980-2000  Search this
Leveling -- 1980-2000  Search this
Teak -- Use of -- 1980-2000  Search this
Level indicators -- 1980-2000  Search this
Venture capital -- 1980-2000 -- United States  Search this
Silicon Valley -- 1980-2000  Search this
Tools -- 1980-2000 -- United States  Search this
Small business -- Management -- 1980-2000  Search this
Investors -- 1980-2000  Search this
Inventors -- 1980-2000  Search this
Engineers -- 1980-2000  Search this
Industrial designers -- 1980-2000  Search this
advertising -- Tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Carpenters -- 1980-2000  Search this
Carpentry -- Tools -- 1980-2000  Search this
Merchandise displays  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Notebooks -- 1980-2000
Oral histories (document genres) -- 1990-2000
Audiotapes
Financial records -- 1980-2000
Financial statements -- 1980-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Correspondence -- 1970-2000
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1980-2000
Drawings -- 1980-2000
Advertisements -- 1980-2000
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
The Records of Wedge Innovations, 1985-1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0534
See more items in:
Records of Wedge Innovations
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep895b7b396-3a34-4459-9d3f-83d3003a1cf8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0534
Online Media:

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