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Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records

Creator:
Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company. (Mattoon, Illinois)  Search this
Source:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Advertisements
Contracts
Proposals
Specifications
Photographs
Date:
1915-1921.
Scope and Contents note:
The collection includes business correspondence, proposals, contracts, specifications, photographs of engines, and catalogs and advertising.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Founded in 1885, the Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company manufactured Corliss and other engines.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisiton unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Corliss steam-engine  Search this
Engines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 20th century
Advertisements
Contracts
Proposals
Specifications
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records, 1915-1921, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1088
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1088

Robert Wetherill Company Records

Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company  Search this
Wetherill Company  Search this
Names:
Wetherill Company  Search this
Extent:
80 Cubic feet (48 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Card files
Specifications
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
ca. 1875-1930.
Scope and Contents:
These records document the activities of the Wetherill Plant of the Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, originally the Wetherill Company, particuarly the manufacture of steam and diesel engines. Included are engine specification cards; bound lists and charts of specifications and prices; a bound index of drawing numbers, 1886-1928; steam engine catalogs, ca. 1895-1910; drawings and plans for compound and Corliss steam engines, 1875-1921; engine record books, 1876-1902; order books, 1888-1891, 1895-1912; a delivery book, 1916; ledgers, 1876-1885; and drawings for the SunDoxford diesel engine, ca. 1920-1930.
Arrangement:
1 series. Arrangement: By type of material.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Steam-engines  Search this
Diesel engines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Card files
Specifications
Drawings
Trade catalogs
Ledgers (account books)
Citation:
Archives Center, Robert Wetherill Company Records, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0992
See more items in:
Robert Wetherill Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0992

Frick Company Records

Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Former owner:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Frick, George, 1826-1892  Search this
Extent:
26 Cubic feet (49 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Payrolls
Photographs
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Date:
1852-1961
bulk 1860-1920
Summary:
This collection documents, in correspondence, publications, forms, paperwork, drawings, newspaper clippings, diplomas and photographs, the operations and products of the Frick Company of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of steam-powered engines (portable, stationary, and traction), sawmills, threshing machines, grain separators and other mechanized agricultural harvesting implements, refrigeration, mechanical cooling systems, and ice making plants, from its founding in 1852 through 1961.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the founding and business operations of the Frick Company* of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of portable, stationary, and traction engines, threshing machines, sawmills, and refrigeration and ice making machinery. The collection covers the period from 1852 to 1961, with the bulk of the material dating from 1860-1873 and from 1880 through the 1920s and illuminates the evolution of mechanized agriculture and refrigeration technology from the mid-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.

The largest portion of the collection contains photographs of Frick engines and refrigeration machinery, taken both in the foundry and in various installations worldwide, as well as original drawings of Frick machines, parts, and components used to illustrate catalogs and trade publications. Another large portion of the collection is correspondence, containing communication from clients ordering Frick products for their farms or businesses, as well as receipts and correspondence from local and regional suppliers of raw materials and components for the construction of Frick products.

The collection also contains numerous examples of operational paperwork from the 1880s-1890s, such as letterheads, order forms, contracts, test logs, and timesheets, as well as a significant amount of trade literature largely from 1880-1920, such as price lists, catalogs, product pamphlets, and advertising material.

There are several published company histories, technical drawings/blueprints of Frick products, diplomas awarded to Frick machinery presented at expositions and fairs (including the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893), full-color posters advertising Frick & Co., agent supplies (including telegraph cipher code books), accounting paperwork, payroll records, communications with shareholders, and significant documentation of the highly publicized labor dispute/strike at Frick in 1946.

This collection would be of interest to researchers in the areas of: agricultural machination and invention in the nineteeth century, steam and horse-powered engines, the development of refrigerating and ice making equipment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, business operations and financial transactions in the nineteenth century, Pennsylvania history and companies, industrial photography, and nineteenth and twentieth centuries industrial trade literature.

*The name of the company was modified several times over the history of its operation, variations including George Frick, Frick & Bowman, Frick & Co., and Frick Company, depending on the time period in question. Efforts have been made to align the description of the materials throughout the collection with the correct company name at the time of their creation.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into six series:

Series 1: Publications, 1852, 1874-1875; 1880-1932; 1942-1943; 1953; 1961

Subseries 1.1 Company History, 1928; 1953

Suseries 1.2 Trade Literature, 1874-1875; 1880-1926; 1930; 1932; 1943; 1952-1953; 1960-1961

Subseries 1.3 Advertising Material, 1852; 1880-1899; 1905; 1909-1929; 1942

Series 2: Correspondence, Receipts, and Ledger Books, 1852-1873; 1890-1902; 1914; 1924-1925

Subseries 2.1 Receipts and Business Correspondence: by company, 1855-1873

Subseries 2.2 Receipts and Business Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1852-1873; 1890; 1895

Subseries 2.3 Ledger Books, 1872; 1896-1898; 1892-1894; 1900-1902

Subseries 2.4 Other Correspondence, 1861-1873; 1898-1901; 1914; 1917; 1924-1925

Series 3: Company Management, 1856-1873; circa 1880s-1890s; 1917; 1927-1929; 1945-1946

Subseries 3.1 Accounting, 1856-1897

Subseries 3.2 Sales, circa 1880s; 1917; 1927

Subseries 3.3 Communications, 1860-1917

Subseries 3.4 Public Relations, 1928-1929; 1945-1946

Series 4: Foundry Operations, 1859-1872; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1900-1903; 1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.1 Orders, 1859-1872; circa 1880s-1890s;1900-1902

Subseries 4.2 Drawings/Blueprints, 1871-1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.3 Shipping and Receiving, 1860-1873; circa 1880s-1890s

Subseries 4.4 Timesheets and Testing, 1860; 1868; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1903

Series 5: Photographs and Artistic Renderings, circa 1880-1950

Subseries 5.1 Frick Buildings, Offices, and Operations, circa 1880-1910

Subseries 5.2 Portable, Stationary, and Traction Engines, 1889; 1893-1896; 1906-1908; 1912-1915; 1925

Subseries 5.3 Other Machinery, circa 1890s

Subseries 5.4 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Vertical Compressors, 1883-1906; circa 1920s

Subseries 5.5 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Horizontal Compressors, circa 1910-1920

Subseries 5.6 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: CO2 Compressors and Later Models, circa 1920-1950; 1940-1941

Subseries 5.7 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Ice Plants, 1889; 1904; 1920-1927

Subseries 5.8 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Cold Storage Units, 1889; 1925; 1933; undated

Subseries 5.9 Installations: Ice Plants, 1892-1896; 1900-1933; 1945

Subseries 5.10 Installations: Refrigeration and Cold Storage Units, circa 1890-1905; circa 1915-1920

Series 6: Trade Shows and Exhibitions, 1877-1885; 1893; 1895; 1904; 1926

Subseries 6.1 Awards, Certificates, and Diplomas, 1877-1884; 1893; 1895; 1904

Subseries 6.2 Promotional Material, 1884-1885; 1926
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1852 by engineer and inventor George Frick (1826-1892), Frick Company has been an innovative machinery design leader in many areas of the agricultural and refrigeration industries over the last 160 years. Frick began building steam engines and threshing machines in a small shop in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania.

Frick quickly gained a reputation for quality in the growing field of mechanized agriculture. His designs for early portable engines--transported and driven by horsepower--soon evolved into self-propelling, steam-powered vehicles that could be driven into the fields and then used to run the grain separating, cleaning and bagging machines that were revolutionizing the farming industry, increasing production at exponential rates.

In addition, Frick's stationary engines were put to use in mills of all kinds (grist, flour, paper, and woolen) to augment or replace their dependence on unreliable natural water power, including sawmills, of which Frick was soon building a line of portable, steam-driven versions. Between the mid-1850s and the early 1870s, the company continued to expand, outgrowing three different shops before building the final location of the works in Waynesboro. George Frick himself was continuously active in the company through the end of the nineteenth century as a mechanical engineer and product designer, as well as a frequent consultant, traveling to confer with clients on specifications for their orders.

Beginning in 1872, George Frick's business and personal life took a downturn with the deaths in quick succession of both his oldest son Frank and his new business partner C.F. Bowman, as a result of a typhoid fever epidemic that swept through the area. Additionally, the financial Panic of 1873 nearly closed Frick's company along with thousands of other American businesses that year, but thirteen local businessmen formed a partnership, putting forth the necessary capital to keep the manufacturing plant afloat. George Frick sold his controlling interest to the partnership, but remained as general manager of the company.

After this brief period of struggle, Frick and Company began again to expand its product line as well as its reputation. The new works in Waynesboro were modern and efficient, enough to warrant a feature article in Scientific American in 1881. The following year, the company built its first refrigeration machine, and a whole new direction of production opened up. Automatic and traction engines were still in demand, being constantly improved and updated, but refrigeration was the new frontier. Frick rose to become one of the leaders in development of high quality, durable, and functional refrigeration machinery. George's son A.O. Frick, now an engineer with the company, partnered with Edgar Penney, another design engineer, to develop the Corliss engine line, which would run the large ammonia compressors, creating what was called a refrigeration machine. They were intially used to power ice plants, which were being built all over the world after the mild winter of 1890 tipped the natural ice industry into decline. They also used cold storage/mechanical cooling units, of which breweries and meat packing plants were the earliest adopters, followed by cold food stores, florist shops, and fur storage, as well as the dairy and shipping industries. The Armour Packing Plant in Kansas City, Missouri was the proud owner of "The Largest Ice Machine in the World," built by Frick and shipped by train via specially-reinforced rails in 1896. At the turn of the twentieth century, hotels, restaurants, hospitals and industrial plants soon began to rely on refrigeration units for daily operations, and Frick's business was booming.

As gas-powered engine technology began taking over in the first decades of the twentieth century, Frick moved away from steam engines and focused on more specialized farm equipment such as dehydrators, peanut pickers, combines, balers and silo fillers. Their line of sawmills was also still in high demand. But increasingly, Frick was focused on steadily refining and improving its refrigeration equipment. Ammonia, while highly efficient as a coolant, had its dangerous downsides: it could be fatal if leaked, and could contaminate plant ice easily. Although many of Frick's ammonia compression refrigeration machines were still in use forty or more years after installation and were still preferred for industrial use, the technology needed to improve in order to be viable for the general public. Several publicized accidents led eventually to the preferred use of chloroflorocarbons as a coolant, and Frick developed enclosed-type CO2 compressors and eventually freon units. Other Frick refrigeration products included machinery for making dry ice, air conditioning units, and temperature controls for test plants, as well as marine refrigeration (developed during the First World War) for shipping food between continents. Frick did contract work for the US military during and following World War II, and was a major company involved in the development of quick-freezing systems to support the growing frozen food industry starting in the late 1940s.

Frick Company positioned itself as a permanent leader in the food production and distribution industry by the 1950s. The company is still in operation today, though it has been purchased several times, most recently by Johnson Controls, which maintains a product line bearing the name Frick.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center holds several collections that may be of interest to researchers in relation to the Frick Company Collection.

For related material on Corliss engines, see the following collections:

Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records (AC 1088)

Corliss Steam Engine Album (AC 1016)

Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection (AC 1329)

Nagle Engine and Boiler Works Records (AC 1083)

Providence Engineering Works Records (AC 1076)

Skinner Engine Company Records (AC 1087)

Robert Weatherill Company Records (AC 0992)

For related material on threshing machines and agricultural machinery, see the following collections:

John K. Parlett Collection (AC 3066)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC 0060)

For related material on refrigeration machinery, see the following collections:

Madison Cooper Papers (AC 1105)

Nickerson and Collins Photography (AC 1044)

Southwork Foundry and Machine Company Records (AC 1107)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry holds artifacts related to this collection. See acquisition numbers AG79A09.1, MC 319243.12 and .13, and 58A9.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Frick Company, through Terry Mitchell in 1961.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Harvesting machinery  Search this
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery -- 1860-1960  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Payrolls
Photographs -- 20th century
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0293
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0293
Online Media:

10-ton vertical open-type ammonia compressor with Corliss steam engine: "Hotel Savoy" model

Collection Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Container:
Box 39, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1893
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Frick Company Records / Series 5: Photographs and Artistic Renderings / 5.4: Ice Making and Refrigeration Equipment: Vertical Compressors
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0293-ref630

Correspondence

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Special Assistant to the Secretary for Bicentennial Planning  Search this
Extent:
3.41 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes) (1 film box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1969-1977
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of correspondence between Slocum and various persons and organizations he dealt with in carrying out his duties. They also document some of his personal interests, notably numismatics and the work of the English Speaking Union.
Historical Note:
The Special Assistant to the Secretary for Bicentennial Planning was responsible for developing various aspects of the Smithsonian Institution's planning for the celebration of the Bicentennial of the American Revolution in 1976. For a full account of planning for the Bicentennial events, researchers should also consult the records of the Bicentennial Coordinator responsible for internal Smithsonian planning, Record Unit 337.

John J. Slocum was attached to the Office of the Secretary, but also reported on occasion to the Director of the National Museum of History and Technology since he was involved in procuring artifacts for use by the Museum in its exhibits. He was particularly involved in negotiations for a Pony Express first-day cover and for a Corliss steam engine, both of which the Museum wanted as features of its Bicentennial exhibitions. Slocum was also responsible for planning and leading a Smithsonian National Associates trip to Turkey during 1971, drawing on his earlier experience of the eastern Mediterranean in the American diplomatic service.
Topic:
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 341, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Special Assistant to the Secretary for Bicentennial Planning, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 341
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0341

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engines

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
3.01 Cubic feet (consisting of 6.5 boxes, 2 folders, 2 oversized folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Trade cards
Business records
Commercial catalogs
Reports
Business ephemera
Catalogs
Periodicals
Legal documents
Manufacturers' catalogs
Invoices
Advertising mail
Printed ephemera
Ephemera
Publications
Sales records
Trade catalogs
Sales letters
Manuals
Business letters
Letterheads
Advertising
Advertising cards
Receipts
Advertisements
Print advertising
Commercial correspondence
Patents
Advertising fliers
Printed materials
Printed material
Sales catalogs
Illustrations
Catalogues
Business cards
Correspondence
Date:
1829-1957
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Engines forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Covers all manner of engines including: boilers, gasoline, steam, water motors, automatic shut off, self-oiling, portable, vertical, mining, marine, diesel, crude oil, stationary, generators, compound, pumping, silent, alcohol, turbine, kerosene, hydrolic, caloric pumping, sectional, gasolene, iron man, single cylinder, slide valve, apparatus, cut-off, wind, horse, air cooled, valueless, two cycle, and the Corliss engine. Some of the following include engines used in portable sawing outfits, powered mills for grinding grain, feed cookers, boilers, injectors, and generators.

Materials represent a sampling of catalogues, correspondence, invoices, receipts, advertising and marketing material, bulletins, advertising cards, caricatures, seals, product specifications, booklets, price lists, company histories, order forms, prospectus, a few photographs, contracts, a legal opinion on a patent dispute (Novelty Iron Works, 1856), an operations guide 80-foot Elco Submarine Chacer Instructions, Care and Operations of Machinery Plant (Standard Motor Construction Company, 1917), patents and patent circulars, and a promotional diary. Many items are illustrated with print drawings and schematics of engines and associated equipment, plus some images of manufacturing facilities. No extensive runs or complete records exist for any single company or brand, and no particular depth is present for any singular subtopic, although some publications may provide general and historical overviews of a person, company, or a facet of industry.
Arrangement:
Engines is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Engines is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Diesel engines  Search this
Engines  Search this
advertising -- Business ephemera  Search this
advertising -- Brand name products  Search this
Steam engineering  Search this
Marine engines  Search this
Rotary steam engines  Search this
Sales promotion  Search this
Corliss steam-engine  Search this
Advertising, Direct-mail  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Diesel motor  Search this
Genre/Form:
Trade cards
Business records -- 20th century
Commercial catalogs
Reports
Business ephemera
Catalogs
Periodicals
Legal documents
Manufacturers' catalogs
Invoices
Advertising mail
Printed ephemera
Ephemera
Publications
Sales records
Trade catalogs
Sales letters
Manuals
Publications -- Business
Business letters
Letterheads
Advertising
Advertising cards
Receipts
Advertisements
Print advertising
Commercial correspondence
Patents
Advertising fliers
Printed materials
Printed material
Sales catalogs
Illustrations
Business records
Catalogues
Business cards
Business records -- 19th century
Correspondence
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engines, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Engines
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engines
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-engines

International Power Company, "Operating Rhode Island Locomotive Works and Corliss Steam Engine Works," 1901

Container:
Box 51, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Railroad Trade Literature Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Railroad Trade Literature Collection
Railroad Trade Literature Collection / Series 1: Trade Literature / 1.105: International Power Company
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1136-ref965

Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album

Creator:
Franklin Machine Company Providence, Rhode Island  Search this
Corliss, George H. (George Henry), 1817-1888  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Scrapbooks
Date:
1930.
Summary:
Collection consists of an album illustrating the history of the Corliss Steam Engine.
Scope and Contents note:
Album (a carefully prepared, handmade book) illustrating the history of the Corliss Steam Engine. The book includes clipped-out illustrations of the factory, of steam engines and parts, accompanied by captions.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Corliss received US Patent 6,162 for his valve gear on March 10, 1849, a more efficient type of steam engine which ran more efficiently on less fuel. The patent covered the use of a wrist-plate to convey the valve motion from a single eccentric to the four valves of the engine, as well as the use of trip valves with variable cutoff under governor control that were associated with Corliss Engines.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Franklin Machine Company.
Donated by the Franklin Machine Company, 1930.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Steam-engines  Search this
Engines  Search this
Factories  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums -- 1920-1930
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Scrapbook, 1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1016
See more items in:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1016

Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album

Collection Creator:
Franklin Machine Company Providence, Rhode Island  Search this
Corliss, George H. (George Henry), 1817-1888  Search this
Extent:
1 Album
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Albums
Date:
1930
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Scrapbook, 1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1016-ref522

Notes about the Corliss Steam Engine Album by curator Robert Vogel

Collection Creator:
Franklin Machine Company Providence, Rhode Island  Search this
Corliss, George H. (George Henry), 1817-1888  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2014
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Scrapbook, 1930, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1016-ref523

William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine

Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Creator:
Corliss, George H. (George Henry), 1817-1888  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Photocopies
Drawings
Xerographic copies
Date:
1988
Summary:
This collection contains a manuscript history of the Corliss Engine written by William Sawyer. The documents include text with written edits and illustrations.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a manuscript about George Corliss by William Sawyer, 1988, Corliss--Man and Engine with photocopies of drawings and illustrations.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript, 1988
Biographical / Historical:
William Sawyer, the author of Corliss, man and engine, is an independent scholar of the history of the stationary steam engine. Sawyer's research was supported by materials from Brown University, the Smithsonian Institution, and other libraries and archives with holdings related to the topic.

The text was considered for publication by Lindsay Publications, Inc., a well-known publisher in the history of technology field, but was not published for "various reasons." The first twenty-one pages of this manuscript are in the typeset format used by Brown, with the rest unformatted. This particular copy dates to 1988, after it was typeset by Brown and before its eventual publication in Stationary Power, the Journal of the International Stationary Steam Engine Society in 1999.

This manuscript was donated to the Archives Center by Robert M. Vogel, Curator Emeritus of Mechanical and Civil Engineering at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution in 2014. He had been given a copy by the author for copy and content editing, but was unable to finish before his retirement. The hand-written edits on the manuscript belong to Vogel. Vogel also provided the illustrations credited to the Smithsonian Institution and the author.

According to Sawyer, a Corliss engine is a type of "stationary reciprocating steam engine, bolted down to a foundation, and used to provide power for factories and other users in which the machine(s) driven are fixed in one place" (Chapter 1, Corliss—Man and Engine). George Corliss received US Patent 6162 for his valve gear on March 10, 1849, a type of steam engine which ran more efficiently on less fuel. The patent covered the use of a wrist-plate to convey the valve motion from a single eccentric to the four valves of the engine, as well as the use of trip valves with variable cutoffs under governor control that were associated with Corliss Engines.

Sources

Donor Foreword, Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

Corliss—Man and Engine, Corliss Steam Engine Reface Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records (AC1088)

Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Album (AC1016)
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Robert Vogel, former curator in the Division of Engineering and Industry (now the Division of Work and Industry) in 2014. William Sawyer had given the materials to Vogel in 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Steam-engines  Search this
Corliss steam-engine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- 20th century
Photocopies
Drawings -- 1980-1990
Xerographic copies
Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1329
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1329

William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript, Donor Foreword-Chapter 5, page 32

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref23

William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript, Chapter 5, page 33-Illustration 111

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref24

William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript, Illustration 112-Illustration 243

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref25

William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1329, Series 1
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref29

William D. Sawyer, Corliss Man and Engine, pages 1-100

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref530

William D. Sawyer, Corliss Man and Engine, pages 101-200

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref531

William D. Sawyer, Corliss Man and Engine, pages 201-229

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref532

William D. Sawyer, Corliss Man and Engine, figures, 1-100

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref533

William D. Sawyer, Corliss Man and Engine, figures 101-245

Collection Collector:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Collection Author:
Sawyer, William D.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-12
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection, 1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine
William Sawyer manuscript history of the Corliss steam-engine / Series 1: William Sawyer, History of the Corliss Engine Manuscript
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1329-ref534

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