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Albert Clanton Spaulding papers

Creator:
Adams, William  Search this
Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990  Search this
Correspondent:
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Ackerman, Robert  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Aginsky, Bernard W. (Bernard Willard), 1905-  Search this
Baby, Raymond S.  Search this
Baerreis, David A., 1916-1989  Search this
Baker, George W.  Search this
Bartlett, Katherine  Search this
Bascom, William  Search this
Baumhoff, Martin A.  Search this
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978  Search this
Beaubien, Paul L.  Search this
Bell, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1914-2006  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark, 1905-1953  Search this
Binford, Lewis R. (Lewis Roberts), 1931-2011  Search this
Black, Glenn A. (Glenn Albert), 1900-1964  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Bozeman, Tandy  Search this
Braidwood, Robert J. (Robert John), 1907-2003  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John, 1924-1992  Search this
Byers, Douglas S., 1903-1978  Search this
Campbell, John M.  Search this
Carneiro, Robert  Search this
Carr, John F.  Search this
Champe, John L. (John Leland), 1895-  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Cotter, John Lambert  Search this
Cressman, Luther S., 1897-1994  Search this
Culbert, T. Patrick  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Deuel, Thorne, 1890-  Search this
Dickinson, J.C.  Search this
Dillingham, Beth  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Dole, Gertrude Evelyn, 1915-2001  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977  Search this
Erasmus, Charles  Search this
Euler, Robert  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr.  Search this
Fagan, Brian  Search this
Fejos, Paul, 1897-1963  Search this
Fenenga, Franklin  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fitting, James E.  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Ford, Richard I.  Search this
Gabel, Creighton  Search this
Giddings, Louis  Search this
Greengo, Robert E.  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gunnerson, James A.  Search this
Gurland, John  Search this
Hamilton, Henry W.  Search this
Harp, Elmer  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, Ardell A.  Search this
Hewes, Gordon Winant, 1917-  Search this
Hodson, F.R.  Search this
Horne, Stephen  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hruska, Robert J.  Search this
Hughes, Jack T.  Search this
Hull, W.C.  Search this
Hurt, Wesley R.  Search this
Huscher, Harold A., 1908-1992  Search this
Jelinek, Arthur J. (Arthur Julius), 1928-  Search this
Jennings, Jesse D. (Jesse David), 1909-1997  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Kaemlein, Wilma  Search this
Kaplan, Bernice  Search this
Kennard, Edward A. (Edward Allan), 1907-1989  Search this
Kerr, Clark  Search this
Kivett, Marvin F.  Search this
Krieger, Alex D. (Alex Dony), 1911-1991  Search this
Krogman, Wilton Marion, 1903-1987  Search this
Kunstadter, Peter  Search this
Lasker, Gabriel Ward  Search this
Laughlin, William S.  Search this
Leech, Florence  Search this
Lilban, Richard W.  Search this
Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953  Search this
Lister, Robert H. (Robert Hill), 1915-1990  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Martin, Paul S. (Paul Sidney), 1899-1974  Search this
Mayer-Oakes, William J., 1923-2005  Search this
McGregor, John  Search this
McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892-  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Miller, George (Omaha)  Search this
Muirhead, George  Search this
Neumann, Georg K. (Georg Karl), 1907-1971  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Norbeck, Edward, 1915-1991  Search this
Oakley, Kenneth Page, 1911-  Search this
Omwake, Henri Geiger, 1907-1967  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Pilling, Arnold R.  Search this
Quilter, Jeffrey, 1949-  Search this
Reed, Charles A.  Search this
Reed, Erik Kellerman, 1914-1990  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Ruppé, Reynold J., 1917-1993  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Schwartz, Douglas W., 1929-  Search this
Sears, William H.  Search this
Sebeok, Thomas A. (Thomas Albert), 1920-2001  Search this
Smith, Allen H.  Search this
Smith, Carlyle S. (Carlyle Shreeve), 1915-1993  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Marion W.  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spuhler, J.N.  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Swanson, Earl H., Jr. (Earl Herbert), 1927-1975  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Taylor, Walter W., Jr.  Search this
Thomas, David Hurst  Search this
Tolstoy, Paul  Search this
Tong, Marvin E. (Marvin Enoch), 1922-1981  Search this
Ward, Lauriston  Search this
Washburn, S. L. (Sherwood Larned), 1911-2000  Search this
Waterman, Alan T.  Search this
Watson, Patty Jo, 1932-  Search this
Wauchope, Robert  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Wenner-Gren, Axel, 1881-1961  Search this
Wheeler, Richard  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Will, George W.  Search this
Williams, Stephen  Search this
Wolfe, Alvin W. (Alvin William), 1928-  Search this
Wood, W. Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Yellen, John E., 1942-  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North America
South Dakota
Alaska
Date:
1940s-1980s
Summary:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu. Although it has been noted that there are significant and inexplicable lucunae in Spaulding's papers, they nevertheless touch on most phases of his professional life. There is, however, relatively little field material.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
1. Correspondence, 1948-1982; 2. manuscript of Spaulding writings; 3. material concerning students; 4. site reports and field project data; 4. material regarding conferences and committees; 6. material related to work as National Science Foundation archeology program director; 7. student notebooks and dissertation; 8. material regarding the Arzberger site; 9. administrative material regarding the University of Michigan; 10. academic papers collected by Spaulding, teaching aids, and lecture notes; 11. Philip C. Phillips and Gordon R. Willey file; 12. James A. Ford file; 13. correspondence regarding publications; 14. miscellany; 15. photographs
Biographical note:
Albert C. Spaulding was trained at Montana State University (B.A. in economics, 1935), the University of Michigan (M.A. in ahthropology, 1937), and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1946). In 1946-1947, he taught at the University of Kansas and was an assistant curator at the university's Museum of Anthropology. From 1947-1961, he taught at the University of Michigan and was curator of that university's Museum of Anthropology. In 1959-1961, Spaulding was first program director for the History and Philosophy of Science Program of the National Science Foundation and the NAS program director for anthropology. In 1963-1966, he was professor and chairman of the anthropology department at the University of Oregon. In 1967-1971, he became dean of the College of Letters and Science at the University of California at Santa Barbara and continued at that institution as professor of anthropology until 1983. Spaulding served the Society for Amercian Archeology as associate editor, secretary, vice president, and president. In 1964, he was vice president for Section H of American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Although Spaulding carried out several significant field projects, he is best rememberd for his theoretical and methodological concerns. In relating his first archeological field work, he declared: "My fundamental interest at the time (and now) was clarification of the basic concepts of archeology, which led me into explicit definitions of archaeological problems in terms of relationship between or among well-defined variables." Spaulding produced many articles and book reviews in which he dealt with such problems. Some of the best-known appeared in the pages of American Antiquity in 1953 and 1954 when be debated James A. Ford in general terms concerning teh most productive methods of archeology in general and the nature of archeological types and methods of defining them in particular. Because of his espousal of rigor in method, Spaulding is considered on of the main forerunners of the "new archeology" of the 1960s. For his work, he received the SAA distinguished Service Award in 1981.
Restrictions:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding papers are open for research.

Access to the Albert Clanton Spaulding papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1997-12
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3808d85f3-876e-4f0d-99a4-a84e673bfcee
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1997-12

John Lawrence Angel papers

Correspondent:
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Blegan, Carl W.  Search this
Blumberg, Baruch  Search this
Boaz, Noel T.  Search this
Bonin, Gerhardt von  Search this
Borst, Lyle B.  Search this
Bostanci, Enver  Search this
Boulter, Cedric  Search this
Bouton, Katherine  Search this
Auel, Jean M.  Search this
Aufderheide, Arthur C.  Search this
Bird, Junius  Search this
Birdsell, Joseph B.  Search this
Bisel, Sara C.  Search this
Bishop, Philip W.  Search this
Blackburn, Tucker  Search this
Blakely, Robert L.  Search this
Brooks, Sheilagh T.  Search this
Broneer, Oscar  Search this
Brown, Thorton  Search this
Brothwell, Donald R.  Search this
Brozek, Josef  Search this
Brownstein, Elizabeth S.  Search this
Bruch, Hilde  Search this
Bruce-Chwatt, L.J.  Search this
Brace, C. Loring  Search this
Boyd, William C.  Search this
Brett-Smith, Sarah  Search this
Breitinger, Emil  Search this
Brieger, Heinrich  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Brodkin, Henry A.  Search this
Briggs, Lloyd Cabot  Search this
Cappieri, Mario  Search this
Carpenter, Rhys  Search this
Campbell, T.N.  Search this
Canby, Courtlandt  Search this
Caskey, John L.  Search this
Cavalli-Saforz, L.L.  Search this
Carter, George F.  Search this
Carter, L. Clyde  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John, 1924-1992  Search this
Buikstra, Jane E.  Search this
Brues, Alice M.  Search this
Buck, Rodger L.  Search this
Caldwell, Margaret Catherine  Search this
Campbell, John M.  Search this
Burdo, Christopher  Search this
Burns, Peter E.  Search this
Chardin, P. Teilhard de  Search this
Chapman, Florence E.  Search this
Clark, George Arthur  Search this
Chiarelli, B.  Search this
Chattopadhyay, Prasanta Kumar  Search this
Chase, George H.  Search this
Cobb, W. Montague  Search this
Cobb, Stanley  Search this
Clement, Paul A.  Search this
Clark, Grahame  Search this
Coleman, John E.  Search this
Cockburn, Thomas Aidan, 1912-1981  Search this
Cockburn, Eve  Search this
Conant, James B.  Search this
Conant, Francis P.  Search this
Comas, Juan, 1900-1979  Search this
Colt, H. Dunscombe  Search this
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978  Search this
Becker, Howard  Search this
Bear, John C.  Search this
Beardsley, Grace  Search this
Beilicki, Tadeusz  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Becker, Marshall Joseph  Search this
Becker, R. Frederick  Search this
Bennett, Linda A.  Search this
Benoist, Jean  Search this
Bennett, George A.  Search this
Bennett, Kenneth A.  Search this
Betsch, William F.  Search this
Charles, Robert P.  Search this
Benson, John L.  Search this
Berger, Susanne  Search this
Adelmann, Howard B.  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Allison, Marvin J.  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E., 1933-2015  Search this
Anderson, James E.  Search this
Anderson, Harriet  Search this
Ayers, Hester Merwin, 1902-1975  Search this
Angel, Elizabeth  Search this
Bach, Julian S.  Search this
Baby, Raymond S.  Search this
Baker, Paul T.  Search this
Bakalakis, George  Search this
Barnicot, N.A.  Search this
Ballard, Mary W.  Search this
Bastian, Tyler  Search this
Bass, William Martston  Search this
Armstrong, P. Livingstone  Search this
Armelagos, George J.  Search this
Arensburg, Baruch  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Angel, Steven  Search this
Angel, Margaret  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Angel, Henry  Search this
Aberle, Donald F.  Search this
Acheson, Roy  Search this
Eisenhart, Luther P.  Search this
Elderkin, Roland D.  Search this
El-Najjar, Mahmoud Y.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Eiben, O.G.  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Dupree, Louis Benjamin  Search this
Dupertuis, C. Wesley  Search this
Edwards, Roger  Search this
Eberhart, Sylvia  Search this
Dow, Sterling  Search this
Domurad, Melodie R.  Search this
Duong, Chho L.  Search this
Dunn, L.C.  Search this
Ferembach, Denise  Search this
Ferguson, C.L.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Fawcett, Don W.  Search this
Fedele, Francesco G.  Search this
Fejos, Paul, 1897-1963  Search this
Felts, William J.L.  Search this
Fairservis, Walter Ashlin, 1921-1994  Search this
Farfan, Harry F.  Search this
Farrell, Corinne  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Farris, Edmond J.  Search this
Ely, John  Search this
Endicott, Kenneth M.  Search this
Eyman, Charles E.  Search this
Danson, Edward B.  Search this
Danby, Patricia M.  Search this
Damon, Albert  Search this
Dahlgerg, Albert A.  Search this
Cutter, Margot  Search this
Cummins, Harold, 1893-1976  Search this
Crawford, Michael H.  Search this
Cowan, Richard S., 1921-1997  Search this
Courbain, Paul  Search this
Count, Earl W.  Search this
Corwin, Arthur H.  Search this
Corruccini, Robert S.  Search this
Cook, Della Collins  Search this
Constantoulis, Nestor C.  Search this
Constable, Giles  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Dobzhansky, Theodosius  Search this
Dietz, Soren  Search this
Dikaios, Porphyrios  Search this
Desmond, Waldo Fairfield  Search this
Dibennardo, Robert  Search this
DePalma, Anthony F.  Search this
Derousseau, C. Jean  Search this
Deflakis, Evangelia Protonotariou  Search this
Demerec, M.  Search this
De Villiers, Hertha  Search this
De Vries, Keith  Search this
De Lumley, Henry  Search this
De Vasto, Michael A.  Search this
Daux, Georges  Search this
Davis, Jefferson D.  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Fox, Dorothy  Search this
Foster, Giraud V.  Search this
Forziati, Florence H.  Search this
Fiske, Barbara  Search this
Finkel, David J.  Search this
Fierro, Marcella F.  Search this
Forde, Cyril Daryll, 1902-  Search this
Flick, John B.  Search this
Flander, Louise  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr.  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Creator:
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977  Search this
Edynak, Gloria Jean  Search this
United States. Department of the Navy  Search this
United States. Dept. of State  Search this
United States. Department of Commerce  Search this
United States. War Department  Search this
United States. Department of the Army  Search this
Names:
American Academy of Forensic Sciences  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Extent:
70 Linear feet (Approximately 70 linear feet of textual materials and over 30,000 photographic items.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930s-1980s
Summary:
The papers of John Lawrence Angel present a complete portrait of the professional life of one of the most important and influential physical anthropologists in the United States. Angel was best known for his work with cultures in the eastern Mediterranean and for his work in forensic anthropology; but his contributions were widespread. His influence was felt in studies of human microevolution, the relationship between environment and disease, human evolution, and paleopathology. His research was said to be ten years ahead of its time.

The papers include correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the time; honors and awards bestowed on Angel; materials on Angel's educational career, both as an undergraduate and as a teacher; extensive photographs; a virtually complete collection of his writings; materials concerning his research and his work in forensic anthropology; and his activities in professional organizations. The bulk of the papers reflect Angel's life-long interest in examining the relationship between culture and biology in human groups through time. There are a few records on Angel's administrative involvement in the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History.
Scope and Contents:
Angel began his undergraduate studies at Harvard University in the classics, following in the footsteps of his American mother (who trained as a classicist and was the daughter of a Yale University professor of Greek) and his British father, who was a sculptor. While still an undergraduate, Angel came under the influence of Clyde Kluckhohn, Carleton S. Coon, and Earnest A. Hooton, and his interest turned to anthropology. The combination of anatomy and classicist training developed into a life-long interest and work in the social biology of the peoples of Greece and the Near East.

In addition to his work in Greece and the Near East, the papers include Angel's studies of American populations of colonial peoples and slaves; his forensic anthropology analyses of skeletal remains for law enforcement groups and the United States military; his studies of obesity and other diseases and the possible genetic link behind them; Angel's analysis of the skeletal remains of James Smithson; his involvement in early reburial issues concerning American Indians, particularly the return of the remains of Captain Jack and other Modocs; and Angel's concern and involvement in civil liberty matters and in community affairs.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
(1) Miscellaneous personal papers, 1933-1986; (2) correspondence, 1936-1986; (3) research in the eastern Mediterranean, 1936-1986; (4) anthropology of chronic disease, 1943-1965; (5) Harvard University-Johns Hopkins University Hospital anthropology study, 1959-1964; (6) five generation study, 1962-1985; (7) skull thickness project, 1968-1976; (8) biological and cultureal microdifferential among rural populations of Yugoslavia, 1981-1986; (9) First African Baptist Church, Philadelphia, 1983-1987; (10) other research projects (bone density change, Catoctin Furnace site, Virginia colonial sites), 1945-1986; (11) education, 1940-1986; (12) legal matters, 1962-1986; (13) reference materials, 1930-1986; (14) writing of J. Lawrence Angel, 1932-1988; (15) Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, Division of Physical Anthropology, 1961-1968; (16) professional organizations and meetings, 1942-1987; (17) writings by other authors, 1950-1985; (18) grants, 1951-1962; (19) miscellany, 1937-1985; (20) photographs, 1936-1986
Biographical Note:
J. Lawrence Angel was educated in the classics in his native England and at The Choate School in Connecticut. He studied anthropology at Harvard University (A.B., 1936; Ph.D., 1942). He was an instructor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1941-1942 and at the University of Minnesota in 1942-1943. In 1943-1962, he was on the staff of the Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, starting as an assistant and rsising to a professor. In 1962, he became the curator for physical anthropology in the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Anthropology and continued in that position until he died. Angel was also a research associate with the University Museum of the University of of Pennsylvania, 1946-1962; civil consultant in surgical anatomy of the United States Naval Hospital in Philadelphia, 1957-1962; visiting professor of anatomy, Howard University, 1962-1986; and professorial lecturer at the George Washington University, 1962-1986. He was also a lecturer in forensic pathology at the department of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, and visiting professor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1962.

Angel summarized his research interests as (1) human social biology, involving the "interrrelations of health, disease, body build, longevity, genetic mixture and variability with each other, with climate and ecology, and with level of culture, nutrition and achievement as seen in history, in evolution, or clinically"; (2) palaeodemography as related to the rise and decline of disease (falciparum malaria)"; and (3) "relation of structure to function and to genetic determinants as seen in form of joints and in density, mineral historology and muscularity of bones, or in process of 'arthritic' change in relation to aging."

The single most enduring interest in Angel's career was the pre- and proto-history of the population of Greece and nearby areas of the eastern Mediterranean. Beginning in 1937, Angel made repeated trips to the region, only highlights of which are provided here. In 1938, he studied skeletal material from Troy which W.T. Semple, of the University of Cincinnati had deposited in the Archaeological Museum at Istanbul. In 1938, he studied skeletal material mostly excavated in the area of Corinth. He worked at the Cyprus Museum in 1949, studying skulls from Vasa and skeletal material from Bamboula. During that year, he also studied living people at a Cypriote village. In 1952, he worked with Carleton S. Coon on skeletal material from Hotu Cave. In 1954, he studied materials from the Agora excavations and from Eleusis. During the same year, he also visited the British Museum and many sites in Greece studying Myceanean skeletons excavated by George E. Mylonas, John Papadimitrious, and A.J.B. Wace. In 1954, he again studied skeletal material excavated at Bamboula and, in 1957, skeletons from Eleusis. In 1965, he studied human bones from twenty-two sites in Greece and Turkey that dated from the paleolithic to moderntimes, including material from a Bryan Mawr College excavation at Elmali, an excavation at Karatas-Semeyuk in Lycia, and collections in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara and in the museum at Verroia in Macedonia. In 1969, he worked on material from Kephala, and in 1972, skeletons from Asine in Greece. In 1984, he studied upper paleolithic skeletons from Wadi Kubbaniya.

Angel also carried out work on American populations--prehistoric, historic, and contemporary. In 1944, he worked on skeletal remains from excavations at Tranquillity, California, that were deposited in the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and in the Museum of Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. In the same year, he was one of several researchers involved in an endocrinological, anthropological, and psychological study ofobesity initiatec by the Jefferson School of Medicine.

The first hase of the study lasted until 1948 and was followed by restudy of the subjects in 1954-1957. Around 1959-1961, with Carl Seltzer, he was involved in a study of the relation between constitution and health of students at Harvard University and Johns Hopkins Unviersity, Angel primarily taking care of the work in Baltimore at Johns Hopkins. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, he studied skeletal material from Matin's Hundred and other sites of colonia Virginia which resulted, in part, in comparisons with the modern American population. In the 1980s, with Jennifer O. Kelly, he worked on skeletons of African American slaves from Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, and on remains of free African American from the First African Baptist Church in Philadelphia.

Angle was highly regarded for his keen seight and other senses which he used with great effect in examining human remains. Consequently, he was frequently sought as a consultant and regularly carried out forensic work for the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement authorities. In addition, military authorities, archeologists involved in both the study of history and prehistory, and museum people sent him specimens for examination. At the Smithsonian, he not only used and improved the excellent skeletal collection, he had the opportunity to exmaine the bones of Smithsonian benefactor James Smithson and was involved ine arly studies connected with the return of American Indian skeltal materials to appropriate receipents.

Active with several professional organizations, Angel was president of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society in 1956-1958 and associate editor of the American Anthropologist. In 1952-1956, he was the secretary-treasurer of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and, in 1959-1960, vice president of that organization. In 1952-1956, he was an association editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. He was president of the American Board of Forensic Anthropology in 1980-1985. For his active professional life, he received the Pomerance Medal of the Archaeological Institute of American in 1983 and the distinguished service medal of the American Anthropological Association in 1986.

1915 -- Born March 21 in London, England to John Angel and Elizabeth Day Seymour.

1928 -- Emigrated to the United States from England.

1934 -- Summer field school, University of New Mexico.

1935 -- Summer field work, Museum of Northern Arizona.

1936 -- A.B., Anthropology, Harvard College; summer field work at the Sante Fe Laboratory of Anthropology (Macon, Georgia expedition).

1937 -- Became a naturalized American citizen, 15 June; married Margaret (Peggy) Seymour Richardson, 1 July.

1937-1939 -- Field work in Greece: worked in Greece from early November 1937 until the end of January 1939 when illness forced his return in April; in the winter of 1937-1938, Angel worked in the American excavations in the Agora at Athens, in the American excavations at Old Corinth, and in the Greek National Museum in Athens; in the spring of 1938, Angel worked in the Greek Anthropological Museum in the Athens University Medical School in Goudi, and at the Agora excavations; from May to June, Angel measured villagers and excavated over 100 burials from the Riverside cemetery under David M. Robinson at the American excavations at Olynthus, Macedonia; Angel then worked in Athens and Corinth for a short time; from July to August Angel worked on skeletons from Troy (which W.T. Semple of the University of Cincinnati had deposited) and Babokoy, Anatolia, as well as on skulls from Nippur and Sidon in the Archeological Museum at Istanbul, Turkey; from mid-August to early September Angel studied skeletal material from southwestern Cephallenia in the museum at Argostoli; Angel then measured skulls in the museum at Thebes and at Schematari (Tanagra) in Boeotia; from October to November Angel studied skulls from Corinth; Angel then returned to Athens to study skeletons from the German excavations at the Kerameikos and the material in the Athens Anthropological Museum and National Museum; in 1939 Angel measured people at the Agora excavations north of the Acropolis and studied skulls excavated by T.L. Shear in Athens and Corinth. During these years, Angel made one day trips to many places, including Nauplia, Tolon, Mycenae, Nemea, Aigosthina, Parnos, Aigina, Marathon, Therikos, and Sounion; support was from traveling fellowships from the departments of Anthropology and Classics of Harvard University, half of a Sheldon fellowship, the Albert and Anna Howard fellowship (Harvard), the Guggenheim Foundation, the Viking Fund, the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, the Jefferson Medical College, and the American Philosophical Society.

1939-1941 -- Assistant in Anthropology, Harvard University.

1940 -- Elected to membership in the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1941-1942 -- Instructor in Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.

1942 -- Doctor of Philosophy Degree, Anthropology, Harvard University.

1942-1943 -- Instructor in Anthropology, University of Minnesota.

1943-1950 -- Associate, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.

1944 -- Studied skeletal remains from excavations at Tranquillity, California, at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and in the [Hearst] Museum of Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley.

1944-1948 -- Research for the anthropological study of chronic disease at the Jefferson Medical College.

1946-1948 -- President, Philadelphia Anthropological Society; Associate Editor, American Anthropologist.

1946-1962 -- Research Associate, University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania-Philadelphia.

1947 -- Organized the Viking Fund summer seminar on growth and evolution.

1949 -- Field work in the Near East: In the spring, studied skulls from Kampi near Vasa in Central Cyprus at the Department of Antiquities museum in Nicosia on a visit to Cyprus and Greece; studied skeletons and living Cypriote villagers at the University of Pennsylvania's Museum headquarters in Episkopi, and skeletal material from Bamboula at the Cyprus Museum; support was from Harvard University, the Guggenheim Foundation (Guggenheim Fellowship), Wenner-Gren Foundation, Viking Fund, American School of Classical Studies, and Jefferson Medical School.

1949-1950 -- President, Philadelphia Society of the Archeological Institute of America.

1950-1951 -- Assistant Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia. 1950-1952

1950-1952 -- Executive Committee member, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1951 -- Troy: The Human Remains. Supplemental monograph to Troy excavations conducted by the University of Cincinnati 1932-1938.

1951-1954 -- Associate editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

1951-1962 -- Associate Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.

1952 -- Worked with Carleton Coon on skeletal material from Hotu Cave, Iran.

1952-1956 -- Secretary-treasurer, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1953-1966 -- Trustee for the Council for Old World Archaeology.

1954 -- Field work in the Near East: visited the British Museum (Natural History); studied skeletal material from Eleusis (Greece), at the Anthropological Museum of the Medical School of the University of Athens, and at the Agora Excavations Headquarters; studied Myceanean skeletons (excavated by George E. Mylonas, John Papadimitriou, and A.J.B. Wace), Corinthian skeletons, Bronze Age Lernaean skeletons, and Bronze Age Pylian skeletons; again studied skeletal material excavated at Bamboula; supported by grants from the Harvard graduate school, the American Philosophical Society [Grant No. 1714], and the National Institutes of Health Grant No. A-224, the Jefferson Medical College, the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, and the Agora excavations; helped by Anastasios Pantazopoulous and Nikos Thiraios.

1954-1957 -- Restudy of subjects for the anthropological study of chronic disease originally performed at the Jefferson Medical College from 1944-1948.

1954-1970 -- Associate editor, Clinical Orthopaedics.

1956-1958 -- Council member of the American Society of Human Genetics.

1957 -- Field work in the Near East: visited the Laboratory of Anthropology in the Department of Anatomy at Oxford University; again studied skeletons from Eleusis in Greece; studied skeletons from Lerna, from the French excavations at Argos, from Pylos, from Corinthian sites near the Diolkos at the Isthmus and at Klenia, and from the Athenian Agora; supported by Grant No. 2150 from the American Philosophical Society and the National Institutes of Health; sponsored by Jefferson Medical College and the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania; helped by Argyris Marinis and Panayotis Yannoulatos.

1957-1962 -- Civilian consultant in surgical anatomy to the United States Naval Hospital, Philadelphia.

1959-1960 -- Vice-President, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1960-1962 -- Member of the advisory panel on Anthropology and the History and Philosophy of Science for the National Science Foundation; consultant for the Harvard University-Johns Hopkins Hospital project on constitution and disease.

1960-1963 -- Associate editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

1962 -- Professor, Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy of the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia; Chairman of Schools Committee of West Mt. Airy Neighbors; organized the thirty-first annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1962-1986 -- Curator, Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (later the National Museum of Natural History), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1962-1965 -- Advisory panel for evaluating NSF Graduate Fellowships, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council.

1962-1986 -- Professorial Lecturer in Anthropology at George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1963-1986 -- Lecturer in forensic pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health.

1965 -- Field work in the Near East: studied human bones from 22 sites in Greece and Turkey, including Petralona in eastern Macedonia (Palaeanthropic skull), the Peneios River open sites (Theocharis and Miloicic), Tsouka cave on Mt. Pelion in Thessaly, Nea Nikomedeia near the Haliakmon River in Macedonia, Kephala on the coast of the Aegean island of Kea (Caskey), Hagios Stephanos in Laconia (Taylour), Kocumbeli near Ankara (Turkey), the Bryn Mawr College excavation at Elmali (working with Machteld Mellink), Karatas-Semeyuk in Lycia, Catal Huyuk (in the Korya Plain in Turkey) in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara, Argos, Agora Excavation, Attica, Mycanae, Corinth, Sparta, Alepotrypa (Foxes' Hole) in Mani, and in the museum at Verroia in Macedonia; supported through the SI Hrdlička Fund, the American Philosophical Society, and the Wenner-Gren Foundation.

1965-1970 -- Visiting Professor of Anatomy, Howard University Medical School, Washington, D.C.

1966 -- Summer Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley; Early skeletons from Tranquillity, California.

1967 -- Field work in the Near East: Turkey, studied skeletal remains from Catal Huyuk at the University of Ankara, and skeletons from Antalya, Elmali, and Karatas; Greece, studied skeletal remains from Franchthi cave, Athens, Kea, Nauplion, Corinth, and Asine; supported by the Hrdlička Fund. Organized a symposium on paleodemography, diseases and human evolution at the 66th meeting of the American Anthropological Association in Washington, D.C.

1969 -- Field work in the Near East: studied material from Kephala, Karatas, and Franchthi cave; supported by the Hrdlička Fund and the Wenner-Gren Foundation.

1970 -- Visiting Professor, Harvard University (Spring). Organized the 39th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in Washington, D.C.

1971 -- The People of Lerna: Analysis of a Prehistoric Aegean Population.

1972 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons from Asine and Agora in Greece; supported by the Hrdlička Fund. 1974

1974 -- Organized a symposium in honor of Albert Damon, a medical anthropologist, at the 43rd meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in Amherst, Massachusetts.

1974-1975 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington.

1975 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons at Asine and Agora in Greece and at Elmali, helped by David C. Fredenburg, and supported by the Hrdlička Fund; joined the American Academy of Forensic Sciences as a Provisional Member; published Human skeletons from Eleusis, in The south cemetery of Eleusis; worked on the organizing committees for meetings in Washington, D.C. for the Archaeological Institute of America.

1976 -- Studied skeletons at Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, with the help of David Fredenburg (3 trips); organized a symposium in honor of T. Dale Stewart at the 45th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists held in St. Louis, Missouri.

1977 -- Field work in the Near East: worked in Thessaloniki, Istanbul, Ankara, Elmali, and Athens; field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1978 -- Field work in the Near East: studied skeletons from Byzantium and Turkey; skeletons were in Ankara and from Kalinkaya in the Hittite Territory of Central Anatolia; Byzantium specimens came from Kalenderhane Camii in Istanbul; field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1979 -- Published symposium in Angel's honor by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists; three days of field work at the British Museum (Natural History) during which he studied Egyptian and Greek skulls.

1979 -- Studied skeletons of African American slaves from Catoctin Furnace, Maryland.

1980 -- Field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1980-1985 -- President, American Board of Forensic Anthropology. 1982

1982 -- Field visit to Colonial Williamsburg.

1983 -- Awarded the Pomerance Medal for Scientific Contributions to Archaelogy by the Archaeological Institute of America.

1984 -- Studied upper paleolithic skeletons from Wade Kubbaniya; award from the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

1986 -- Died November 3; award from the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences; was chosen to receive the Distinguished Service Award of the American Anthropological Association at their annual meeting in December.

1987 -- Memorial session in Angel's honor held at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
Related Materials:
Additional materials in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Angel are in the papers of Marcus Solomon Goldstein, Raoul Weston LaBarre, and Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel; the records of the American Anthropological Association, the Central States Anthropological Society, the River Basin Surveys, and the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History; Photographic Lots 7D (photograph taken at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association at Denver in 1965) and 77-45 (group portrait of Smithsonian physical anthropologists); and MS 4822 (photographs of anthropologists in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History). There are also materials on Angel in the non-archival reference file maintained by the NAA. The names used for ethnic groups were selected to maintain consistency among the archival holdings and are used without regard to modern preferences.
Provenance:
Angel contracted hepatitis following coronary by-pass surgery in 1982 and died of the effects four years later. His papers were obtained by the National Anthropological Archives shortly thereafter. Some papers were obtained as the result of a bequest by Angel's wife, Margaret. The papers date from 1930 to 1987.
Restrictions:
The John Lawrence Angel papers are open for research. Access to some materials is restricted to maintain privacy or confidentiality.

Access to the John Lawrence Angel papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Biological anthropology  Search this
Citation:
John Lawrence Angel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0033
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34a20e740-6dd9-4558-885b-4199b64008dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0033

Conrad M. Arensberg papers

Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Names:
Brooklyn College  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Correspondent:
Appell, George N.  Search this
Beatty, John  Search this
Chapple, Eliot D.  Search this
Comitas, Lambros  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Curry, Donald  Search this
Dillon, Wilton  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Fried, Morton H. (Morton Herbert), 1923-1986  Search this
Gamburd, Geraldine DeNering  Search this
Garrison, Vivian, 1933-2013  Search this
Goodell, Grace E.  Search this
Halpern, Joel Martin  Search this
Haskell, Edward F.  Search this
Iberall, Arthur S.  Search this
Kimball, Solon T.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Mencher, Joan P., 1930-  Search this
Niehoff, Arthur H., 1921-  Search this
Richardson, Frederick L.W.  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Tootell, Geoffrey M. B. (Geoffrey Matthew Bemis)  Search this
Warner, William Lloyd  Search this
Whyte, William Foote, 1914-2000  Search this
Winner, Irene  Search this
Zenner, Walter P.  Search this
Extent:
33.3 Linear feet (83 document boxes)
Culture:
Irish  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Periodicals
Lecture notes
Reports
Syllabi
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Place:
India
Europe
Ireland
Date:
1931-1997
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of Conrad M. Arensberg, anthropologist, university professor, and anthropological consultant. Included are correspondence; published and unpublished writings; research materials, including notes, correspondence, diaries, charts, drafts, interviews, research plans, reports, project proposals, and bibliographic cards; speeches; pamphlets; articles from newspapers and periodicals; course materials, including bibliographies, lecture notes, reading lists, assignments, exams, project proposals, and syllabi; curriculum vitae; date books; scholarly papers and publications of other scholars; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of Conrad M. Arensberg, anthropologist, university professor, and anthropological consultant. Included are correspondence; published and unpublished writings; research materials, including notes, correspondence, diaries, charts, drafts, interviews, research plans, reports, project proposals, and bibliographic cards; speeches; pamphlets; articles from newspapers and periodicals; course materials, including bibliographies, lecture notes, reading lists, assignments, exams, project proposals, and syllabi; curriculum vitae; date books; scholarly papers and publications of other scholars; and photographs.

The materials in this collection document Arensberg's career as a university professor, his relationships with colleagues across a spectrum of disciplines, and his contributions to the field of anthropology. As a respected member of the anthropological community, Arensberg received a voluminous amount of correspondence from his peers, who often included copies of their most recent papers. He kept many of these works, which, along with his annotations, can be found throughout the collection. It appears he used these papers in a variety of ways, including as resources for his classes or as reference materials. Arensberg's own work is reflected in his writings and research files. Arensberg's Ireland research, despite its importance to his career and to the field of anthropology as a whole, has a minimal presence in the collection. Located in Series 3. Research Files, the subseries containing Arensberg's Ireland material primarily consists of photocopies of his correspondence, field notes, and diaries during this time. His role as a professor, rather than as a researcher or writer, is the most well-represented in the collection. Arensberg formed lasting relationships with many of his students, as evidenced by his continued correspondence with many of them long after their years at Columbia.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 8 series:

Series 1) Correspondence, 1933-1994

Series 2) Writings, 1936-1983

Series 3) Research files, 1931-1984

Series 4) Professional activities, 1933-1990

Series 5) Teaching files, 1938-1983

Series 6) Biographical files, 1946-1997

Series 7) Subject files, 1934-1979

Series 8) Photographs, undated
Biographical Note:
Conrad M. Arensberg was born on September 12, 1910 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Academically inclined from a young age, he graduated first in his class at Shadyside Academy in Pittsburgh. His early success earned him admittance to Harvard College. Arensberg studied anthropology and graduated summa cum laude in 1931.

As a graduate student at Harvard University, Arensberg was asked to join a project being conducted in Ireland by Harvard's Anthropology Department. Alongside W. Lloyd Warner and Solon T. Kimball, Arensberg spent three years studying rural Irish life in County Clare. This research resulted in his doctoral dissertation, "A Study in Rural Life in Ireland as Determined by the Functions and Morphology of the Family," which was later published as The Irish Countryman in 1937. His work was groundbreaking in the field of anthropology, and his study of County Clare "became a model for other community studies... requiring that researchers study a target culture from the inside, making meticulous notes on everything they saw, heard or experienced." Arensberg reshaped the way that anthropologists approached fieldwork and opened doors for the study of modern industrial societies.

Arensberg had a long teaching career. He first became a university professor in 1938 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and remained a professor for the rest of his life, teaching at MIT, Brooklyn College, Barnard College, Columbia University, the University of Florida, and the University of Virginia. At Columbia, Arensberg worked alongside such notable anthropologists as Margaret Mead, Charles Wagley, and Marvin Harris.

Arensberg officially retired in 1979, but he continued to collaborate with his colleagues, counsel past students, and participate in professional associations until his death. He passed away on February 10, 1997 in Hazlet, New Jersey.

Sources Consulted

Comitas, Lambros. 2000. "Conrad Maynadier Arensberg (1910-1997)." American Anthropologist 101(4): 810-813.

Curriculum Vitae—Amended Posthumously. Series 6. Biographical Files. Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. 1997. "Conrad Arensberg, 86, Dies; Hands-On Anthropologist." New York Times, February 16: 51.

Chronology

1910 September 12 -- Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

1931 -- B.A. from Harvard College

1932-1934 -- Traveled to Ireland to study rural life in County Clare as part of the Harvard Irish Mission

1933-1936 -- Junior Fellow, The Society of Fellows, Harvard University

1933-1994 -- Member and Fellow, American Anthropological Association

1934 -- Ph.D. in Anthropology from Harvard University

1937 -- Published The Irish Countryman, the result of his work in Ireland

1938-1940 -- Occasional consultant, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of American Ethnology

1938-1941 -- Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1940 -- Founded (with others) the Society for Applied Anthropology

1941-1946 -- Associate Professor and Chairman, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Brooklyn College

1943-1946 -- Captain, Major, AUS, Military Intelligence Service

1946-1952 -- Associate Professor of Sociology, Chairman (until 1949) Department of Sociology, Barnard College, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Research Director, UNESCO, Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany

1951-1952 -- Editor, Point Four Manual, American Anthropological Association

1952-1953 -- Associate Professor of Anthropology, The Graduate Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University

1953-1970 -- Professor of Anthropology, Chairman (1956-1959), Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1962-1978 -- Co-Director (with Alan Lomax) of Columbia University's Cross-Cultural Surveys of Social Structure and Expressive Behavior

1970-1979 -- Buttenwieser Professor of Human Relations, Columbia University

1979-1997 -- Buttenwieser Professor Emeritus of Human Relations, Columbia University

1980 -- President, American Anthropological Association

1991 -- First recipient, "Conrad M. Arensberg Award" of the Society for the Anthropology of Work

1997 February 10 -- Died in Hazlet, New Jersey
Related Materials:
Arensberg is listed as a correspondent in the following collections at the Smithsonian Institution's National Anthropological Archives: John Lawrence Angel papers; Papers of Carleton Stevens Coon; Ethel Cutler Freeman papers; Frederica de Laguna papers; Ruth Landes papers; William Duncan Strong papers.

For oral history interviews with Arensberg, see the following collections:

-The Smithsonian Institution's Human Studies Film Archives "Video Dialogues in Anthropology: Conrad Arensberg and Lambros Comitas, 1989." In this video oral history conducted by anthropologist Lambros Comitas, Arensberg comments on his training in anthropology, the individuals who were influential in his career, and the geographical areas where he conducted his fieldwork.

-The National Anthropological Archives Manuscript (MS) 2009-15. May Mayko Ebihara conducted this oral history interview with Arensberg on March 7, 1984 as part of a larger oral history project with anthropologists.

For more concerning Arensberg's work with interaction theory, see the Frederick L.W. Richardson papers at the National Anthropological Archives. Richardson worked closely with Eliot Chapple and Conrad Arensberg on theories concerning human interaction.

For correspondence and other information related to Arensberg's Ireland research, see: Solon Toothaker Kimball Papers, Special Collections, Teachers College, Columbia University; and Solon Toothaker Kimball Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Additional materials concerning Arensberg's research and personal life can be found among the papers of his wife, anthropologist Vivian "Kelly" Garrison. See the Vivian E. Garrison papers at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Vivian E. Garrison Arensberg in 2011.
Restrictions:
The Conrad M. Arensberg papers are open for research.

Files containing Arensberg's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. For preservation reasons, the computer disk containing digital correspondence files from Joel Halpern is restricted.

Access to the Conrad M. Arensberg papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Peasants  Search this
Management  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Ethnic groups  Search this
Family  Search this
Urban policy  Search this
Social interaction  Search this
Industrial relations  Search this
Political anthropology  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Applied anthropology  Search this
Economic anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Periodicals
Lecture notes
Reports
Syllabi
Photographs
Field notes
Correspondence
Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2011-17
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37ac2b245-98ed-4b7c-a620-cb61f8d237ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2011-17

Tribes of the Rif

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 417 p. illus., front. (port.), maps. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Morocco
Rif Mountains (Morocco)
Date:
1931
Topic:
Berbers  Search this
Anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
GN649.M65 C775
GN649.M65C775
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_39855

Races; a study of the problems of race formation in man [by] Carleton S. Coon, Stanley M. Garn [and] Joseph B. Birdsell

Author:
Coon, Carleton S. - (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 153 p. illus., map. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1950
[1950]
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Race  Search this
Call number:
GN60 .C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_47042

Measuring Ethiopia and flight into Arabia, by Carleton S. Coon ..

Author:
Coon, Carleton S. - (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
ix p., 3 l., [3]-333 p. front., plates. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ethiopia
Arabian Peninsula
Date:
1935
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
DT378 .C77
DT378.C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_40985

Carleton Stevens Coon papers

Creator:
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Extent:
101.69 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1906-1982
Scope and Contents:
These records concern the professional activities of Carleton S. Coon (1904-1981). Coon is well-known as an anthropologist, archaeologist, and writer. In the 1920's, when he began his career, the field of anthropology was not as specialized as it later became. As with many of the professionals in anthropology, Coon became proficient at physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, and archaeology. Knowledge and experience in these areas were all tied together by his special interest in the subject of race and the evolution of man.

Coon was particularly interested in the people of the Arab world (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Morocco, etc.). He became fluent in the Arab language and made many trips to that part of the world, both as an anthropologist and, during World War II, as a member of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).

This collection reflects Coon's spectrum of interest. There are original anthropometric records and photographs concerning virtually every race and nationality. In this collection is also a considerable amount of material regarding Coon's many publications, (e.g., notes, drafts, photographs, correspondence), particularly the publications which dealt with race and anthropology (see attached list of Coon's major publications). The correspondence series is almost entirely professional, but there is a small amount of personal correspondence.

The collection contains the following series: Correspondence, 7.14 linear feet (5.25 ft. chronological and 1.89 ft. topical); Anthropometric Data, 11.1 linear feet (5.1 ft. original data and 6 ft. data from published sources); Subject Files, 9.46 linear feet (5.46 ft. legal-sized papers and 4 ft. index cards); Publications, 17.73 linear feet; and Photographs, 53.74 linear feet.

For the first half of his career (1927-1948), Carleton Coon was affiliated with his alma mater, Harvard. In 1948, Coon accepted a dual appointment with the University of Pennsylvania as Professor of Anthropology and Curator of Ethnology at the University Museum, from which he retired in 1963. Some of the records in this collection seem to have been acquired from the university, particularly the photographs credited to the University Museum. The bulk of the material in this collection concerns Coon's years as an active staff member of Harvard and then U. of P., (1927-1963), but there are some records preceding that period, and others which continue virtually up to his death in 1981.

Some records of Carleton Coon have been retained by the family.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 5 series: (1) Correspondence, 1906-1979; (2) Anthropometric Data; (3) Subject Files, 1920-circa 1978; (4) Publications, 1939-1980; and (5) Photographs.
Biographical Note:
Carleton S. Coon Chronology

June 23, 1904 -- Born in Wakefield, Massachusetts .

1921 -- Graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusettes.

1925 -- A.B., Harvard University.

1926 -- Married Mary Goodale.

1925 -- Morocco: Sheldon Travel Fellowship (Harvard).

1926-1928 -- Harvard expeditions to Morocco.

1928 -- Ph.D., M.A. in Anthropology, Harvard University.

1927-1948 -- Harvard Faculty, from Instructor to Professor [absent 1942-1945 for war service].

1929-1930 -- Harvard expedition to North Albania.

1933 -- Russia.

1933-1934 -- Peabody Museum expedition - Ethiopia and Yemen.

1936-1948 -- Asst. Curator, Peabody Museum at Harvard.

1939 -- Morocco (discovered "Aterian" fossil man).

1942 -- Membre D'Honneur, Association la Liberation of Francaise.

1942-1946 -- Military service, including: 1942-1945 OSS.

1942-1943 -- Special Assistant to American Legation, Tangier, Morocco; travels in North Africa.

1943-1944 -- North Africa: Tunisia, Bari; South Europe: Corsica.

1944 -- Divorced by Mary Goodale Coon.

1945 -- Married Lisa Dougherty Geddes.

1945 -- Decorated Legion of Merit.

1947 -- Morocco.

1948-1949 -- Member, Social Science Research Council.

1948-1963 -- Professor of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

1948-1963 -- Curator of Ethnology, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania.

1948-1949 -- University Museum expedition to Iraq and Iran.

1949-1964 -- Panelist, "What in the World" TV show.

1951 -- Excavated 5 cave sites in Iran -- discovered Hotu man.

1951 -- Wenner-Gren Foundation medalist.

1951-1952 -- Saudi Arabia, Consultant to Arab-American Oil Co.

1952 -- Viking Medal in Physical Anthropology.

1954 -- Afghanistan (including Kara Kamar rock shelter) and Syria, Jordan, and Iran; Australia.

1955 -- Syria - cave near Palmyra; South and Central Africa.

1955 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1956-1957 -- Trip around the world for USAF; especially India and Japan.

1956-1966 -- Consultant, Scott Foresman & Co.

1958-1963 -- Member, Committee on Education, National Science Foundation (NSF).

1959 -- Alakaluf Indians, Chile.

1961-1964 -- Committee on Science Personnel, NSF.

1962 -- Gold Medal, Philadelphia Athenaeum.

1962-1963 -- President, American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

1962-1963 -- Morocco: discovered Jebel Ighoud Man #2.

1963 -- Retired from University of Pennsylvania/University Museum and moved to Gloucester, Massachusetts.

1963-1981 -- Res. Curator of Anthropology, University Museum, Philadelphia.

1964 -- Russia.

1965 -- Yengma Cave excavation, Sierra Leone; and Ghana, Nigeria.

1966 -- Cameroon, Tibesti, Acacus.

1966-1967 -- Chad and Libya: Saharan Rock Painting expedition; "Archaeology" TV show.

1966-1981 -- Hon. Curator of Anthropology, Peabody Museum, Salem, Massachusetts.

1972 -- Travels in Asia, especially India.

1972 -- Gold Medal, Harvard Travelers Club.

June 3, 1981 -- Died at his home in Gloucester, Massachusetts.
Restrictions:
The Carleton S. Coon Papers are open for research.

Access to the Carleton S. Coon Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Carleton Stevens Coon Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1985-02
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ee517859-ed23-4853-a013-bef7988e2f13
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1985-02

[Collecting art and ethnographic objects in Addis Ababa]

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Belachew Yimer 1894-1957  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
Date:
1935
Topic:
Collecting African art  Search this
Call number:
DT378 .C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_838274

The story of man; from the first human to primitive culture and beyond. Line drawings by Richard Albany; photos. by Reuben Goldberg

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
437 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1954
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Call number:
GN24 .C77
GN24.C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_31130

The hunting peoples / by Carleton S. Coon ; maps and drawings by Aldren A. Watson

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 413 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
1971
C1987
Topic:
Hunting  Search this
Hunting, Prehistoric  Search this
Hunting and gathering societies  Search this
Call number:
GN388.C66 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_319822

Caravan: the story of the Middle East

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
386 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1961
[1961]
Call number:
DS44 .C77 1961
DS44.C77 1961
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_151981

The races of Europe [by] Carleton Stevens Coon ..

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 399 p., [29], 400-739 p. incl. illus. (incl. maps) tables, diagrs. 46 pl. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
1939
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Call number:
GN575 .C77
GN575 .C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_11730

Yengema Cave report, by Carleton S. Coon, in collaboration with Harvey M. Bricker, Frederick Johnson [and] C. C. Lamberg-Karlovsky

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
77 p. illus. (part col.) 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Yengema Cave
Date:
1968
Call number:
GN865.S53 C77
GN865.S53C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_6905

The seven caves : archaeological explorations in the Middle East / by Carleton S. Coon

Author:
Coon, Carleton S. - (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Subject:
Coon, Carleton S. - (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 338, xvi p., 31 p. of plates : ill., maps ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1957
1957 [c1956]
Topic:
Caves  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Paleolithic period  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
CC75 .C77
GN772.32.N4 C66
CC75.C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_18712

Cave explorations in Iran, 1949 / Carleton S. Coon

Author:
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981-  Search this
Physical description:
124 p. : ill., map, plans ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1951
Topic:
Stone age  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
GN776.I6 C77
GN776 I6 C6
GN776.I6C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_19016

Caravan: the story of the Middle East

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 386 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1958
[1958]
Call number:
DS44 .C78
DS44.C78
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_14126

Adventures and discoveries : the autobiography of Carleton S. Coon

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Subject:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 404 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1981
©1981
Topic:
Anthropologists  Search this
Call number:
GN21.C66 A33X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_140302

Harvard in the Rif

Author:
Bernasek, Lisa 1975-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981 Travel  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Morocco
Rif Mountains
Date:
2008
Topic:
Ethnological expeditions  Search this
Art, Rifs  Search this
Art, Berber  Search this
Call number:
DT193.5.B45 B47 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_943702

The hunting peoples, by Carleton S. Coon. Maps and drawings by Aldren A. Watson

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 413 p. illus., maps. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1971
[1971]
Topic:
Primitive societies  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Hunting, Prehistoric  Search this
Hunting and gathering societies  Search this
Call number:
GN422.C65 1971X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_279752

The origin of races

Author:
Coon, Carleton S (Carleton Stevens) 1904-1981  Search this
Physical description:
xli, 724 p. illus., maps, profiles, tables. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
Topic:
Human beings--Origin  Search this
Race  Search this
Call number:
GN350 .C77
GN350 .C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_24447

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