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Man's uniform coat/jacket and pants from Carlisle Indian School

Culture/People:
Non-Indian; worn by Osage student George Conner  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Joe L. Conner, Osage  Search this
George Conner (Tse-da-ha [Buffalo Hide]), Osage, 1870-1938  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Joe L. Conner, Osage  Search this
Object Name:
Man's uniform coat/jacket and pants from Carlisle Indian School
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, cotton cloth, fabric trim, brass button/buttons, metal button/buttons, cotton thread
Techniques:
Sewn, appliqu├ęd
Dimensions:
175.4 x 85.0 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Carlisle Indian School; Carlisle; Cumberland County; Pennsylvania; USA
Date created:
1885-1889
Catalog Number:
26/8789
Barcode:
268789.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Osage
Clothing/Garments
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Nation to Nation, Bad Acts, Bad Paper
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6111ca751-466a-423f-a038-fe4de3529a07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_401891
Online Media:

Exercise club/juggling pin

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
A.G. Spalding & Brothers ( A. G. Spalding & Bros.)  Search this
Previous owner:
George Conner (Tse-da-ha [Buffalo Hide]), Osage, 1870-1938  Search this
Dr. Joe L. Conner, Osage  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Joe L. Conner, Osage  Search this
Object Name:
Exercise club/juggling pin
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Lathed
Dimensions:
9.5 x 50.5 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Chicopee Falls; Hampden County; Massachusetts; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1895
Catalog Number:
26/8790
Barcode:
268790.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws615facc1f-c15e-4c3b-ad90-d542c63a46b9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_401892
Online Media:

Conner, George Langley

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies C
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27820ccef-c062-46ef-a141-3ede33c2d593
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref15035

Conner, George Langley [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File CC-526500-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies C / Conner, George Langley
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg210b764bd-3190-434a-819d-f7095134c18b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref15036

George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection

Publisher:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Names:
Conner, George  Search this
Extent:
0.21 Linear feet
Culture:
Osage  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Date:
circa 1884-1914
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials documenting George Conner (Tse-da-ha; Osage) and his time as a student at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania. The collection contains 3 photographs of Conner circa 1884-1896, as well as Carlisle Indian School booklets and correspondence circa 1900-1914.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 folders.
Biographical / Historical:
George Conner, also known as Tse-dah-ha (Buffalo Hide), was born on the Osage Reservation in Kansas in 1870. His parents were Wah-kon-tah Shinka (Little Doctor) and Le-ah-tsa, both of the Little Osage tribe. Le-ah-tsa was the daughter of Wa-caba-shinka (Little Bear) who was the Principal Chief of the Little Osage.

Kansas Militia killed George's father on a return hunting trip shortly after George was born. George's mother married William Conner (Oh-hunka-moie) and approximately five years later, she was also killed. William Conner played a prominent role in reformulating the Osage government in the new Oklahoma Reservation and helped write the first Osage Nation Constitution.

William sent George to live with his Aunt Margaret "Maggie" Lawrence on her ranch west of Grainola. He attended Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania from 1885-1890 and was re-admitted in 1896 and stayed until 1899. During his last years at Carlisle, George assisted with the physical education of fellow students including exercise drills using 3.5-pound Spaulding Indian clubs, a set of which he brought home (now held in NMAI's collection). He also assisted with coaching younger boys in baseball and other athletics at Carlisle. While at Carlisle the second time, he learned harness making and saddle repair. He also participated in Carlisle's "outing" program, which placed student on neighboring Pennsylvania farms in the summer.

Upon return to the Osage Reservation at age twenty-nine, George moved from his boyhood home on the Lawrence ranch to the Osage Nation capital, Pawhuska. There he opened a harness shop and met his wife Lillian House, a matron at the Osage Girl's school. They had five children Letha, Adelia, Victor, Lester, and Don. George served as the Osage National Council Secretary for a number of years.

George and his step-father William also got involved with Osage resistance to the U.S. Government's Allotment Act, otherwise known as the Dawes Act of 1887. This law was designed to open up remaining Indian land in the West to white settlement, by dividing large reservations among the tribal members. Each would receive a small parcel and then U.S. made the remaining "surplus" land available for settlement. The Osage opposed this and William, George, and the tribe worked collectively for nearly two decades to prevent the reservation from allotment. In 1906, U.S. Congress passed the Osage Allotment Act, making the Osage one of the last tribes in Oklahoma to accept allotment. The tribe was also able collectively to retain the mineral rights of the reservation.

George and Lillian moved from Pawhuska, started farming west of Grainola, Oklahoma, and remained on the farm the rest of their lives. George died in 1936 at the age of 66 years old.

[Biography written by Dr. Joe L. Conner (George Conner's grandson) in 2012 and edited by E. Moazami (NMAI Assistant Head Archivist) in 2018.]
Related Materials:
The Archives and Special Collections at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania also holds collections related to the school.
Separated Materials:
The museum also purchased two objects with this collection: a Carlisle Indian School uniform owned and worn by George Conner and a set of exercise jugggling pins used by Conner when he assisted with physical education at Carlisle (object #s 268789 and 268790).
Provenance:
This collection was purchased by the museum in 2012.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection, NMAI.AC.250; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.250
See more items in:
George Conner Carlisle Indian School collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv433f5caa5-1cc0-49da-ada0-d61c9fea56ff
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-250
Online Media:

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