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Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis

Creator:
Black, Julian, Mrs.  Search this
Black, Julian (boxing manager)  Search this
Names:
Jacobs, Mike  Search this
Louis, Joe, 1914-1981  Search this
Roxborough, John  Search this
Extent:
109 Volumes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Date:
1935-1944
Summary:
The collection consists of 109 scrapbooks of newspaper clippings assembled by Julian Black, manager of Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949. They document Louis's career from 1935 to 1944.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 109 scrapbooks of newspaper clippings assembled by Julian Black, manager of Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949. They document Louis's career from 1935 to 1944. Louis became one of America's most celebrated sports figures both for his extraordinary boxing skills and for his role as a symbol of national pride, especially in his bouts with the German champion Max Schmeling. His national respect and international prominence stood in ironic contrast to the nation's legal and social practices of racial segregation.

Joe Louis's manager, Julian Black, assembled three sets of scrapbooks to document Louis's career. This collection consists of ninety-two volumes from Black's set, sixteen volumes from a similar but not identical set of scrapbooks assembled for Louis, and one oversize miscellaneous volume.

The third set of scrapbooks belonged to John W. Roxborough, Joe's manager or co-manager from 1933 to 1948. It is held by the Bentley Historical Library at the University of Michigan. This set contains ninety-four volumes covering the period 1935 to November 1941. Part of this collection has been microfilmed. Although the numbering of the volumes in each of the three sets is different it appears that each set has the same information.

The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings from throughout the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1944 and articles from Ring magazine. This collection documents Joe Louis's fights from June 25, 1935, through 1944, including championship fights from June 22, 1937, through September 29, 1941. (The Steve Ketchel fight on January 11, 1937, in Buffalo is not represented. See the scrapbook volume listing at the end of this guide.)

The scrapbooks were assembled with great care using high-quality binding and paper. The clippings are neatly mounted and show great attention to detail. All clippings are identified by the name of the paper; the day of the week and the date; and the author, artist, or photographer. Clippings include full-length articles and brief sketches, cartoons, photographs, and records and statistics of the boxers. The clippings are grouped in volumes by each of Louis's fights and then arranged chronologically.

Hundreds of major and minor newspapers throughout the United States and Canada are represented in the scrapbooks. Coverage extends from very large metropolitan dailies to small-town newspapers. Among the newspapers represented are titles as diverse as: Akron Beacon Journal; Daily Colonist, Victoria, British Columbia; Shreveport Times; Tribune Tulsa; and the Worchester Daily Telegraph.

While these scrapbooks are about the Joe Louis fights, there is a wealth of material on many other people connected with boxing in this period, including all of Joe Louis's opponents, his trainer, his managers, his promoter Mike Jacobs, and most of the sports reporters and writers of the time. Anyone of any importance connected with boxing during this period can be found in the pages of these volumes. There are also retrospective articles on earlier boxers and historical fights.

The two sets of scrapbooks in this collection are numbered separately: the Julian Black Scrapbooks, Volumes 1-92; and the Joe Louis Scrapbooks, Volumes 17-20, 52-58, 61-63, and 71 and 72. Although much of the same material is found in both sets, there are sufficient differences in content and in physical condition of the volumes. The container list indicates the relationship between the two sets. The 109th volume consists of an oversize miscellaneous scrapbook of random news clippings, 1941-1944, of later Louis matches.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series. Clippings arranged chronologically in scrapbooks, grouped in volumes.

Series 1: Julian Black Volumes, 1935-1941

Series 2: Joe Louis Volumes, 1936-1940
Biographical note:
Joe Louis Barrow, the seventh child of Monroe and Lily Barrow, was born May 13, 1914 in a cabin in the cotton fields of Lexington, Alabama. While Joe was still a young boy, his father suffered a mental breakdown and later died in the Searcy State Hospital near mobile, Alabama. His mother later married Pat Brooks, a widower with many children of his own, and the combined family moved to Detroit when Joe was ten.

After an introduction to boxing and lessons by his friend Thurston McKinney, Joe tried his luck at competition. The Brewster East Side Gymnasium became a second home for him. At sixteen he entered his first amateur tournament.

Joe Louis was an outstanding amateur. He lost only four decisions in fifty-four fights, and forty-one of his wins were by a knockout. Joe fought his last amateur fight on April 13, 1934, in St. Louis.

John Roxborough had encouraged Louis as an amateur and became his manager when Joe turned pro. Roxborough hired Jack Blackburn, a boxer himself, to coach and train the young Joe Louis. At this time Roxborough also teamed up with Julian Black of Chicago in a business venture that carried over into the management of Joe Louis.

Joe's professional debut took place in Bacon's Arena in Chicago on July 4, 1934. He decisively defeated Jack Kracken for a fifty-dollar purse. Only four of his first twenty-seven foes lasted all fifteen rounds.

As Joe Louis worked his way up the ladder as a contender for the heavyweight championship he acquired the nickname the "Brown Bomber." On May 14, 1935, one day after his twenty-first birthday, the young pugilist signed a ten-year contract with Julian Black. The contract stipulated that fifty percent of Joe Louis's gross earnings from boxing contests, exhibitions, movies, and radio would go to Julian Black. Jack Blackburn, the trainer, was paid from Joe's portion of the money. John Roxborough, the other manager, claimed "to have a contract for twenty-five percent of Louis's gross earnings for an indefinite period."

The newly organized 20th Century Sporting Club, with Mike Jacobs as promoter, operated in competition with Madison Square Garden. The club signed the promising young boxer to an exclusive contract. Joe's first appearance in a New York ring took place at Yankee Stadium on June 25, 1935, against Primo Carnera. Joe KO'd Carnera in the sixth round. On September 24, 1935, also at Yankee Stadium, Joe knocked out Max Baer in the fourth round.

After winning twenty-seven straight fights, including twenty-three KO's, Louis was the heir apparent to James J. Braddock's heavyweight title. On June 19, 1936 he battled max Schmeling, the former champ who was considered washed up. Schmeling surprised everyone by punishing and then finishing Louis off with a twelfth-round knockout.

A year later, in his thirty-sixth professional fight, Joe Louis won the heavyweight crown at twenty three years of age by defeating Jim Braddock in Chicago in eight rounds. Braddock fought Louis to avoid a fight with Max Schmeling and the possible loss of the title to a German. Braddock, however, insisted on a percentage of Louis's future purses. It is generally believed he received ten percent of all Joe's earnings over a period of fifteen years.

After defeating two easy opponents, Louis met max Schmeling in a dramatic rematch on June 22, 1938. Like Jesse Owens in the Berlin Olympic Games, Louis symbolized American democracy versus an increasingly menacing Nazi Germany. The irony of a black hero representing a racially segregated society in a symbolic battle between freedom and oppression was not lost on all Americans and, although Louis himself was not a political activist, his example added fuel to the movement for racial equality and civil rights. Louis defeated Schmeling in two minutes and four seconds of the first round.

In the following years promoter Jacobs searched for opponents for Louis. After defeating five former champions - Carnera, Baer, Sharkey, Braddock, and Schmeling-the pickings were slim. on January 25, 1939, Joe "squared-off" with the first Black to fight him professionally -- John Henry Lewis (great-great nephew of Tom Molineaux, the first of America's Black heavyweight champions). Lewis was the light-heavyweight champion of the world and a natural 175 "pounder." He and Joe were close personal friends outside of the ring. Nevertheless, Joe totally outclassed Lewis in the ring.

Joe Louis defended his title twenty times before World War II interrupted his career. He was eventually classified 1-A and inducted into the Army. During the winter of 1941-1942 he staged bouts for the Navy and Army. The service relief fund received $75,000 from the purse of each fight. While in the service the Brown Bomber traveled extensively, giving boxing exhibitions and refereeing bouts. For his service on behalf of the armed forces, he received a citation from the United States government.

Louis retired an undefeated champion March 1, 1949. He came out of retirement and lost a fifteen-round decision to Ezzard Charles on September 27, 1950 at Yankee Stadium. He won eight more fights from the end of 1950 until the fall of 1951. However, on October 26, 1951, Louis lost by a knockout in the eighth round to Rocky Marciano. He retired for good after this comeback attempt. For many years after he retired, Joe had income tax problems and other financial problem. He also underwent a brief stay in a Denver psychiatric hospital. Joe Louis died in 1981.
Joe Louis Heavyweight Championship Fights, 1937-1950:
1937 June 22 -- Joe Louis knocked out James J. Braddock, 8 rounds, Chicago.

1937 August 30 -- Joe Louis defeated TOUT Farr, 15 rounds, decision, New York City.

1937 August 30 -- Joe Louis defeated TOUT Farr, 15 rounds, decision, New York City.

1938 February 23 -- Joe Louis knocked Out Nathan Mann, 3 rounds, New York City.

1938 April 1 -- Joe Louis knocked out Harry Thomas, 5 rounds, New York city.

1938 June 22 -- Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling, one round,, New York City.

1939 January 25 -- Joe Louis knocked out John H. Lewis, one round, New York City.

1939 April 17 -- Joe Louis knocked out Jack Roper, one round, Los Angeles.

1939 June 28 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tony Galento, 4 rounds, New York city.

1939 September 30 -- Joe Louis knocked out Bob Pastor, 11 rounds, Detroit, Michigan.

1940 February 9 -- Joe Louis defeated Arturo Godoy, 15 rounds,decision, New York City.

1940 March 29 -- Joe Louis knocked out John Paychek, 2 rounds, New York city.

1940 June 20 -- Joe Louis knocked out Arturo Godoy, 8 rounds, New York city.

1940 Decenber 16 -- Joe Louis knocked out Al McCoy, 6 rounds, Boston.

1941 January 31 -- Joe Louis knocked Out Red Burman, 5 rounds, New York city.

1941 February 17 -- Joe Louis knocked out Gus Dorazio, 2 rounds, Philadelphia.

1941 March 21 -- Joe Louis knocked out Abe Simon, 13 rounds, Detroit, Michigan.

1941 April 8 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tony musto, 9 rounds, St. Louis, Misssouri.

1941 May 23 -- Joe Louis beat Buddy Baer, 7 rounds, Washington, D.C., on a disqualification.

1941 June 18 -- Joe Louis knocked out Billy Conn, 13 rounds, New York city.

1941 September 29 -- Joe Louis knocked out Lou Nova, 6 rounds, New York city.

1942 January 9 -- Joe Louis knocked out Buddy Baer, one round,, New York City.

1942 March 27 -- Joe Louis knocked out Abe Simon, 6 rounds, New York city.

1946 June 19 -- Joe Louis knocked out Billy Conn, 8 rounds, New York city.

1946 September 13 -- Joe Louis knocked out Tami Mauriello, one round, New York City.

1947 December 5 -- Joe Louis defeated Joe Walcott in a 15-round bout by a split decision, New York city.

1948 June 25 -- Joe Louis knocked out Joe Walcott 11 rounds, New York city.

1950 September 27 -- Ezzard Charles defeated Joe Louis in latter's attempted comeback, 15 rounds, New York City.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Mrs. Julian Black in two installments to the Division of Community Life (now the Division of Home and Community Life), National Museum of American History: twenty-two volumes in 1976 and eighty-seven volumes in 1977.
Restrictions:
Due to fragility of the scrapbook volumes, researchers must use the microfiche version located in the Smithsonian Libraries, American History branch. Request call number mfc 000887. See repository for more details.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American athletes  Search this
Boxers (Sports) -- 1930-1950  Search this
Sports -- 1930-1950  Search this
Boxing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0002
See more items in:
Julian Black Scrapbooks of Joe Louis
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ead88d28-e45e-4ed0-b6a0-d67c4571230c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0002
Online Media:

Leah Curtiss-Gould papers

Creator:
Curtiss-Gould, Leah, 1893-1979  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Gallery  Search this
Stone, Arthur J., 1847-1938  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1918-1985
Summary:
The scattered papers of Leah Curtiss-Gould measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1918 to 1985. Primarily, the papers relate to silversmith Arthur J. Stone, his company of silversmiths, Stone Associates, and their business relationship with the Curtiss Gallery. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, drawings by Stone and his associates, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The scattered papers of Leah Curtiss-Gould measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1918 to 1985. Primarily, the papers relate to silversmith Arthur J. Stone, his company of silversmiths, Stone Associates, and their business relationship with the Curtiss Gallery. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, drawings by Stone and his associates, printed material, and photographs.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Leah Curtiss-Gould (1893-1979) was an art dealer in New York City, New York and Connecticut and was a dealer in Arthur J. Stone silver from 1936-1975. During the period 1936-1950 Curtiss-Gould worked at Portraits, Inc., a shop in New York City where Stone's silver was sold. Eventually, she opened Curtiss Gallery in Connecticut, which she operated until it was sold in 1970.
Provenance:
Nicole Meek, one of the investors in Curtiss-Gould's business, donated the papers in 1982.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- Connecticut  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Silverwork  Search this
Women art dealers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Leah Curtiss-Gould papers, 1918-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.curtleah
See more items in:
Leah Curtiss-Gould papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9476d5254-44ea-4ae7-973f-2c19d83f7af3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-curtleah

Alberta Cifolelli papers

Creator:
Cifolelli, Alberta, 1931-  Search this
Names:
Stanczak, Julian, 1928-2017  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Interviews
Date:
1944 -2010
Summary:
The papers of painter and printmaker Alberta Cifolelli measure 0.8 linear feet and date from 1944 to 2010. The bulk of the collection relates to Cifolelli's exhibition career in Cleveland, Ohio and Westport, Connecticut. Found are biographical materials including recorded interviews; correspondence with artists and friends; personal photographs; and printed material. Also found is a digitial video recording about artist William Putch, Cifolelli's cousin.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and printmaker Alberta Cifolelli measure 0.8 linear feet and date from 1944 to 2010. The bulk of the collection relates to Cifolelli's exhibition career in Cleveland, Ohio and Westport, Connecticut. Found are biographical materials including recorded interviews; correspondence with artists and friends; personal photographs; and printed material. Also found is a digitial video recording about artist William Putch, Cifolelli's cousin.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Alberta Cifolelli (1931-2022) was a painter and printmaker in Cleveland, Ohio and Westport, Connecticut. She graduated from The Cleveland Institute of Art and later taught at the school while raising a family. Often, she showed her works at the Cleveland Museum of Art's annual May Shows. Cifolelli and her husband Charles P. Lamb, Jr, and sons moved to Connecticut where she continued to exhibit her works. In 1984, she designed the White House's annual commemorative Easter Egg. Cifolelli died in Connecticut in 2022.
Provenance:
Donated 2005-2011 by Alberta Cifolelli.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Printmakers -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Printmakers -- Connecticut -- Westport  Search this
Painters -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Painters -- Connecticut -- Westport  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Alberta Cifolelli papers, 1944-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cifoalbe
See more items in:
Alberta Cifolelli papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9601a2682-3bb3-4f32-b259-990c9fe87dbf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cifoalbe

Alberta Cifolelli Papers

Collection Creator:
Cifolelli, Alberta, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet (Boxes 1-3)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944-2010
Scope and Contents:
Biographical materials include biographical sketches, notes, and resumes. Also found are a video recording of an interview, "Distinguished Dialogue with Guest Speaker Alberta Cifolelli," conducted by James E. Barker, Superintendent of the Schools, Erie, Pennsyvania, and Pat Smith, Conference Chairwoman of the Pennsylvania Art Education Association, 1999; an audio recording of a talk by Cifolelli at SUNY Purchase; and digital video recordings of a talk at Westport, Connecticut Senior Center in 2008 and a documentary of William Putch entitled, This is My Father. Correspondence includes printed e-mail messages as well as letters to and from colleagues and students such as Inger Alfven, Alva Henderson, Lorrie Goulet, Roald Hoffman, Donald Kuspit, Nancy Reagan, Viktor Schreckengost, Julian Stanczak, Jean Stapleton, John Thow and others. Photographs are of Cifolelli, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Henri Mancini, Julian Stanczak, and family members at gatherings and exhibitions. Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements, and catalogs from Cifolelli's extensive exhibition career.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Alberta Cifolelli papers, 1944-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cifoalbe, Series 1
See more items in:
Alberta Cifolelli papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9411b4c59-b180-4886-a73f-c7f511368d4d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cifoalbe-ref5

A Cock and Bamboos

Artist:
Formerly attributed to Emperor Huizong (1082-1135 (reigned 1101-1125))  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 129.8 x 63 cm (51 1/8 x 24 13/16 in)
Type:
Painting
Origin:
China
Date:
1368-1644
Period:
Ming dynasty
Topic:
Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644)  Search this
bamboo  Search this
chicken  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1915.13
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye35180334e-2fe6-4dcc-8817-96fc5e9c41b3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1915.13

P.T. Barnum

Cast after:
Thomas Ball, 3 Jun 1819 - 11 Dec 1911  Search this
Foundry:
Modern Art Foundry  Search this
Sitter:
P. T. Barnum, 5 Jul 1810 - 7 Apr 1891  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
With Socle: 77.5 x 63.5 x 38.1cm (30 1/2 x 25 x 15")
Socle footprint: 24.1 x 24.1cm (9 1/2 x 9 1/2")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1973 cast after 1883 original
Topic:
P. T. Barnum: Male  Search this
P. T. Barnum: Performing Arts\Performer\Showman  Search this
P. T. Barnum: Performing Arts\Circus owner  Search this
P. T. Barnum: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Cultural organization administrator\Museum  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.70.24.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm496ba80b3-5a6f-445e-9981-f7a7270227f4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.70.24.1

Walter Chauncey Camp

Artist:
Albert W. Hampson, 1910 - 21 Feb 1990  Search this
Copy after:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Walter Chauncey Camp, 7 Apr 1859 - 14 Mar 1925  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 71.1 x 91.4 x 2.5cm (28 x 36 x 1")
Frame: 95.6 x 115.9 x 6cm (37 5/8 x 45 5/8 x 2 3/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1960
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap  Search this
Exterior\Sports arena  Search this
Walter Chauncey Camp: Male  Search this
Walter Chauncey Camp: Literature\Writer  Search this
Walter Chauncey Camp: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Walter Chauncey Camp: Sports and Recreation\Athletic director  Search this
Walter Chauncey Camp: Sports and Recreation\Coach\Football  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Theodore M. Hampson
Object number:
NPG.91.151
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Champions
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 341 Mezzanine
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4919d863d-fd58-4646-9d55-329dd37806b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.91.151

Ornate Metal Hardware Flower

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
hardware, flower
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1211
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1211
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ca1c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439083
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 3/8 in x 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x .9525 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
hardware, man
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1212
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1212
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ce32-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439084
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Flower

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7/8 in x 3/4 in x 3/8 in; 2.2225 cm x 1.905 cm x .9525 cm
Object Name:
hardware, flower
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1213
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1213
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ca1d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439085
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Decorative Hardware

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 5/8 in; x .9525 cm x 1.5875 cm
Object Name:
hardware, decorative
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1214
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1214
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ca1e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439086
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Decorative Hardware

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in; x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
hardware, decorative
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1215
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1215
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ce33-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439087
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Bird

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 1/2 in x 3/8 in; 1.27 cm x 1.27 cm x .9525 cm
Object Name:
hardware, bird
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1216
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1216
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb08-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439088
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Decorative Hardware

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
hardware, woman
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1217
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1217
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb09-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439089
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Decorative Hardware

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 in x 7/8 in; 2.54 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
hardware, woman
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1218
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1218
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb0a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439090
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Flower

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7/8 in x 3/4 in; 2.2225 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
hardware, flower
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1219
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1219
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ce34-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439091
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Flower

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 1/4 in x 3/8 in; 1.27 cm x .635 cm x .9525 cm
Object Name:
hardware, flower
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1220
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1220
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb0b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439092
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Star

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/4 in x 3/4 in; 1.905 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
hardware, star
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1221
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1221
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb0c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439093
Online Media:

Ornate Metal Hardware Crimp

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 in x 5/8 in; 2.54 cm x 1.5875 cm
Object Name:
hardware, crimp
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1222
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1222
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-cb0d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439094

Ornate Metal Crimp

Maker:
Waterbury Button Company  Search this
Physical Description:
white metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 1/2 in; .9525 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
crimp
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Waterbury
Date made:
1890 - 1930
Credit Line:
Waterbury Companies, Inc.
ID Number:
MC.314686.1223
Accession number:
314686
Catalog number:
314686.1223
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Manufacturing
Industry & Manufacturing
Waterbury Button Company Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-ce35-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1439095

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